Project Title

Enhancing Collection and Segregation of Waste to Reduce Marine Litter in APEC Economies 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

OFWG 08 2020A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

OFWG 08 2020A 

Project Title

Enhancing Collection and Segregation of Waste to Reduce Marine Litter in APEC Economies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Marine Debris Management and Innovation (MDMI) 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

117,330 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

117,330 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; Korea; Malaysia; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/07/2021 

Expected Completion Date

30/06/2022 

Project Proponent Name 1

Van E Reidhead 

Job Title 1

International Relations Officer 

Organization 1

US Department of State 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(1-703) 8553832 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

ReidheadVE@state.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Andrew Horan 

Job Title 2

International Environmental Protection Specialist 

Organization 2

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

(1-703) 8553832 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Horan.Andrew@epa.gov 

Declaration

Van E Reidhead and Andrew Horan 

Project Summary

A significant amount of marine litter stems from uncollected waste on land. This project takes a regional approach within South and East Asia towards demonstrating improvements in solid waste management, specifically collection and separation. The project will consist of a regional symposium that presents a framework for developing effective waste collection system in small to medium sized cities commonly found in southeast Asia. Specifically, the project will: 

1) Develop an Implementation Guide for municipalities in APEC economies to use to develop and implement their own systems for collection and separation and disseminate it throughout the APEC economies. 

2) Hold a regional symposium in Ho-Chi Minh City, Vietnam with APEC economies that highlights innovative collection scenarios currently underway in the APEC region and identifies appropriate options and technologies that can be used for implementing cost-effective improvements in solid waste management throughout the APEC region. The symposium will also introduce the draft Implementation Guide for participants to understand and provide feedback. 

3)Provide support to an existing waste collection project in Tan-An, Vietnam in the form of a case study that raises the visibility of those efforts to help serve as a model for other APEC economies to replicate and learn from.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Land-based sources of marine litter, including plastics, has been identified by APEC and the broader international community as a major problem plaguing our oceans and cities. As much as 75% of land-based sources of marine plastic litter comes from uncollected waste on land. This uncollected waste causes significant socio- economic costs to municipalities, impacting public health, economic development, and tourism to APEC economies. 

This project aims to bring attention to the marine litter issue caused by inadequate waste collection in small and medium-sized cities. This is a key gap in establishing effective solid waste management infrastructure that is commensurate with the rapid increase in population and purchasing power of APEC economies. Collection and separation are challenges that, if properly implemented, can lead to enhanced recovery of materials from the waste stream, such as plastic, glass, paper, other recyclables and organics, and a reduction in those materials going to landfills or open dumps. Proper collection and separation improve the value of recyclables collected and better ensures the necessary volumes of material required for competitive secondary markets. 

APEC economies face similar challenges in waste collection and separation in small to medium-sized cities. This project will have benefits that are applicable and relevant to all APEC economies, as it will result in an Implementation Guide for instituting an effective, low-cost, labor intensive framework for waste collection and separation in small to medium sized-cities in the APEC region. The Implementation Guide will be a useful tool for city managers, government officials, and private industries seeking a low-cost but effective way of collecting and managing waste generated in higher population centers that are common in many APEC economies. This tool will be especially beneficial to APEC economies that lack the capability and knowledge of various waste collection frameworks available and the steps to take to develop and implement such methods in a community. The framework can be easily applied from location to location. 

Additionally, the regional symposium part of the project will bring together officials from the APEC region and global waste experts to share information on low cost, labor intensive collection methods that could be applied and implemented throughout the region. Local and regional officials can attend to gain the skills needed to develop, adapt and implement a similar method in their respective communities. The regional symposium will also present the draft Implementation Guide to the participants to introduce the critical elements of a framework that seeks to establish a cost-effective waste collection and separation system and how this Guide will be finalized and disseminated throughout the APEC region. Following the presentation of the draft Implementation Guide, participants will give constructive feedback to the Guide so that it can be relevant and applicable to the needs of the region. This APEC project will also provide support to an on-the-ground waste collection work ongoing in the region, and can serve as an example of implementing the waste collection and separation framework discussed at the symposium and will include sharing of best practices and lessons learned. 

Given the constraints of the current COVID-19 pandemic, we expect to hold the regional symposium later in 2021 to provide maximum flexibility to an in-person meeting. The symposium, as envisioned would be difficult to conduct virtually, as we anticipate a site visit to Tan-An to tour a pilot project on waste collection and separation. While it is ideal that the symposium occur in person, the PO recognizes that a virtual symposium may need to happen due to COVID-19 pandemic. 

This Tan-An province pilot project is part of a multi-year effort between the German government and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in the Mekong titled “Mitigating ocean plastic debris in Vietnam”. The overall project has a budget of 9.8 million Euro and the timeline is from January 2020 – December 2023. The Tan-An pilot is the first part of this larger “mitigating ocean plastic debris in Vietnam” effort that will improve social awareness and understand of the adverse effects of plastic waste on the environment and human health and strengthen the capacity of domestic and local authorities in waste management and ocean plastic debris. The project will be working at 10 sites in 9 provinces encompassing 7 cities in Vietnam. 

Participants will benefit greatly from this in-person experience. In the event that the pandemic causes travel interruptions late into 2021, the PO’s will have the flexibility to schedule the regional symposium in early 2022. If not travel restrictions cannot be avoided, the regional symposium will be conducted as a virtual meeting. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: The project fulfills the following funding priorities of the ASF Marine Debris Management and Innovation (MDMI) Sub-Fund– 1. Delivering capacity building activities through the regional symposium and Implementation Guide that inform efforts to reduce and prevent marine debris in many APEC economies; 2. Support initiatives that inform the development of solid waste management infrastructure through the proposed Implementation Guide; 3. Support initiatives that inform the development of practices to improve solid waste management systems such as through the proposed Tan-An case study. This project will introduce cost-effective ways to help build waste management infrastructure in the APEC region that can be easily applied across many jurisdictions to address marine litter. 

This project seeks to achieve fundamental objectives of the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris, which focus on building technical and institutional capacities to address marine debris. The project supports both APEC Chile and Malaysia host year priorities: sustainable growth and driving innovative sustainability, respectively. The project also addresses priorities endorsed by Senior Officials at the 2019 Informal Senior Officials Meeting. 

This project will also support core work of the OFWG, the APEC Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris, and other relevant fora such as UNEP and ASEAN to more effectively address marine debris through improved waste collection, separation, transfer and disposal as well as waste reduction. The project invites multiple stakeholders including government officials, private sector, academia, and international organizations to engage actively to increase knowledge of APEC communities to improve waste collection and separation strategies that are unique, applicable and relevant. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will expose APEC economies to the importance of collection and separation and provide tangible and lower-cost options for collection as well as opportunities for financing interventions that municipalities and communities can undertake to increase the volumes of materials required to create or enhance secondary materials markets. 

The project will target a key gap in APEC economies that that is often overlooked; the need for a low-cost, easily applied method of waste collection and separation. Waste collection and separation is being promoted in other fora and through other organizations, namely the private sector and nonprofit, as a viable approach to recover large amounts of recyclable and compostable material to establish economically sustainable secondary markets in the region. Enhancing waste collection will contribute to the waste infrastructure of a local economy while providing material for secondary markets to establish and flourish.

Objectives

This project will bring expertise and innovation regarding waste collection and separation with an objective to improve solid waste management in the region to reduce land-based sources of marine litter. This expertise and innovation will be shared through a regional symposium that will help address a key challenges with regards to collection and separation that communities face when addressing their land-based sources of marine litter.

The project will also provide support to ongoing waste collection pilot work in the region in the form of a case study. This ongoing work will serve as a site visit for the regional symposium and will demonstrate how the implementation of the waste collection and separation framework can be effective in an APEC economy. It is important that participants to the symposium not only learn of innovative waste collection best practices, but can visit in person to visualize the waste collection system and understand how it can applied elsewhere in South and East Asian small to mid-sized cities This will include development of a case study of the Tan-An province waste collection project that will describe the current situation in terms of the fundamental elements of the project, including its methodology, challenges, and outcomes thus far in the implementation.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC: This project aligns with the work under the Oceans and Fisheries Dialogue and Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris.  The project also builds off  many f the aspects of the 2020 host-year “Driving Innovative Sustainability” priority and its initiative on innovative waste management through circular economy. The effort  supports implementation of the APEC Marine Debris Roadmap as an output of the 2019 Ministerial priority. These initiatives build on the 2013 Bali Leaders Declaration commitment to pursue cross-sectoral work under the APEC Initiative on Mainstreaming Ocean-related Issues to maintain the health and sustainability of our oceans and coastal resources for the benefit of food security, poverty eradication, preservation of traditional culture and knowledge, conservation of biodiversity and facilitation of trade and investment. 

Alignment – Forum: The project is aligned with the strategic plan of the APEC Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) priorities, such as “Advancing discussions and the development of solutions for common resource management problems and sharing best practices” through a regional discussion of best practices and solutions for improving waste.  This project also aims to bring together the relevant stakeholders in the APEC economies, along with international organisations and the private sector, in order to highlight the roles and responsibilities the various groups have in developing successful and sustainable collection and separation.  It will also enhance cross-for a collaboration to support interventions that address ocean-related issues in APEC. 

Specifically this project will implement the following Marine Debris Roadmap goals: Encouraging an APEC consolidated approach by driving policy development and coordination at every level, from regional cooperation down to local governments, across all relevant fora and agencies; fostering research and innovation for the development and refinement of new methodologies and solutions for monitoring, preventing, and reducing marine debris; promoting sharing of best practices and lessons learned and enhancing cooperation.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

1. Develop an Implementation Guide for APEC economies that focuses on the critical elements required to establish a cost-effective waste collection and separation system. This Guide, approximately 20-30 pages with annexes, will provide the steps needed to develop and implement the system and can be tailored to a community’s capacity to implement. The Guide will also include the Tan-An, Vietnam waste collection and separation pilot case study, as well as waste collection scenarios presented at the regional symposium, including steps and best practice elements to improve waste collection. The Implementation Guide will be drafted and presented at the regional symposium where there will be an opportunity for participants to provide feedback in order to make the Guide applicable and relevant to respective communities.

a. Project officers and other technical advisors will consult with the contractor on developing a draft Implementation Guide that models how to plan and implement a low-cost, labor-intensive waste collection and separation system in a small to medium-sized city that is relevant to those cities in the APEC economy. This Guide would contain information about the elements of a labor-intensive waste collection and separation system, by presenting enabling factors that are needed to establish the system, including evaluating the capacity of a community to implement the system, methods for engaging multiple stakeholders in the planning and implementation process, establishing and optimizing collection routes, disposing of collected materials properly, transferring recovered materials to secondary markets for recycling, adapting the system to local needs and challenges, and finally sharing and promoting lessons learned from the system to neighboring communities and other APEC economies. The contractor will work with established experts in the field to gather information needed for the Implementation Guide. The contractor may interview the experts and conduct further desktop research based on existing materials and information provided by the waste management experts to draft the Implementation Guide.

b. Contractor will present draft Guide  to the project technical leads and then update Guide based on feedback and circulate among the Technical Advisory Committee (comprised of global experts to be engaged by project team) for wider input. This would include other government officials, academic representatives, private sector and non-profits including but not limited to  experts from Ocean Conservancy, Circulate Capital, and the Alliance to End Plastic Waste.

c. Once a final draft is available, the Implementation Guide will be presented at the regional symposium (to be held late 2021/early 2022 for COVID-19 precautions and to allow for ample time for Implementation Guide development). The contractors will present the draft Guide to participants and invite participants to provide feedback to the Guide to ensure it is relevant and applicable to respective APEC economies and their communities.

2. Plan, organize, and conduct regional symposium (2.5 days, late 2021/early 2022) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam focused on enhanced waste collection and separation methods for small and medium-sized cities in APEC economies.

a. Contract consultant – includes drafting ToR, APEC Secretariat approvals and issuing of US $26,800 contract. The contract will also include facilitation responsibilities associated with the regional symposium. This is described in the work plan below.

b.  Contractor will work with project overseer to organize and plan for the waste collection and separation symposium. This will include identifying goals and objectives, date and venue, number of participants, drafting an agenda, inviting participants and presenters, and organizing a site visit to an existing waste collection and separation pilot project in Tan-An. This is described in the work plan below.

c.  Conduct symposium in Ho Chi  Minh City, Vietnam with up to 30 participants (including up to 20 travel eligible, 2-4 global experts (may be self-funded), 4 staff (from the U.S. and self-funded) and 2 contractors (to present on waste collection and separation scenarios and provide overview of existing project in Tan An). The symposium will include the following objectives:

i. Introduce the theoretical framework for a low-cost, labor-intensive waste collection and separation system (currently being implemented in Tan An, Vietnam) through a facilitated process. This framework will serve as a basis for how to implement a waste collection and separation system in a small to medium sized and densely populated urban area.

ii.  Present case studies of other current low-cost waste collection and separation scenarios in the APEC region (e.g. Ocean Conservancy, Circulate Capital, World Wildlife Fund, Alliance to End Plastic Waste projects, UNEP any others, etc.) that offer similar methods for developing waste collection and separation systems in a small to medium sized and densely populated urban area.

iii.  Present the Implementation Guide

iv. Provide in-person site visit of existing labor-intensive waste collection and separation pilot project underway in Tan-an, Vietnam that is facilitated by World Wildlife Fund Germany. The site visit will provide a direct experience and example of a framework for waste collection and separation that will be presented at the regional symposium as well as described in the Implementation Guide.

v. Conduct post-Symposium survey for evaluation purposes. The target audience is the symposium participants, the content will be questions related to the effectiveness of the symposium and participants increased knowledge of waste collection. The survey will be disseminated immediately following the last session via email. The results of the survey will be aggregated and shared with the participants and can be used to better inform future APEC project activities.

3. Provide support, as resources are available, to an ongoing waste collection and separation pilot project in Tan-An province, Vietnam. This support will be in the form of:

a) Case study of the existing Tan-An waste collection project (Tan-An project is led by World Wildlife Fund Germany) which will describe the current situation in terms of the fundamental elements of the project, including its methodology, challenges, and outcomes thus far in the implementation. The case study would include all aspects of waste collection demonstrated in the project to date (this is not dependent on project completion, but rather a “snapshot” of current project to date), including route determination and separation scenarios. The case study for theTan-An project will be disseminated to APEC partners, domestic and local authorities in the APEC region. This case study could be included in or accompanied with the Implementation Guide but will also be a standalone document.

The Tan-An province project is currently ongoing and will be near completion in late 2021. This project will further support the existing Tan-An project by providing a case study that will describe the current situation in terms of the fundamental elements of the project, including its methodology, challenges, and outcomes thus far in the implementation. The waste collection project in Tan-An contains elements that could be shared and used broadly within the APEC region in small to mid-sized cities.

Outcomes:

1. Increased awareness among APEC economies about the importance of waste collection and separation as a critical step towards enhancing waste management capacity in the region to address land-based sources of marine litter. Participants of the regional symposium will be able to experience, first-hand, how a cost-effective but labor-intensive waste collection and separation system can be implemented in small to medium-sized cities commonly found in APEC economies. PO will provide post-Symposium survey for evaluation purposes.

2. Publication and circulation of an Implementation Guide that includes lessons learned, the Tan-An case study, and the steps and framework used by municipalities when implementing a waste collection and separation system to improve the management of waste. This Implementation Guide would be disseminated throughout the region and directly applicable to municipalities seeking practical, cost-effective ways to manage and recover waste. PO will provide an opportunity during the symposium for participants to give feedback on the Implementation Guide.

3. Increased knowledge of a municipality to improve waste collection and separation, as demonstrated through the site visit to waste collection project in the Tan-An province and corresponding case study that can be shared and applied across the APEC region for municipalities seeking to better address their land-based sources of marine litter through improved solid waste management practices. Following site visit, PO will provide survey for participants to gauge increased awareness.

4. A better informed APEC community concerning the importance of improved solid waste management and in particular, increased waste collection and separation as a critical element to preventing and reducing land-based sources of marine litter. PO will provide survey to all participants following publishing of Implementation Guide and post-symposium to gauge increased understanding.

Beneficiaries: The project will benefit all APEC economies by increasing knowledge for municipalities to improve their waste collection and separation systems to address land-based sources of marine debris. The benefit will be especially prevalent within the Southeast Asian region APEC economies and the Lower Mekong region, where waste collection and separation systems discussed could be applied and replicated within other small to medium-sized cities.

The direct project participants will be determined through consultation with OFWG delegates to identify appropriate individuals of relevant municipalities in APEC economies. This is a project focused solely on waste management in an effort to prevent and reduce marine debris.  To ensure a successful project outcome, the primary beneficiaries will be those individuals working for a ministry of an APEC economy and/or environment or an institution that is responsible for developing and implementing solid waste management in the small to medium sized city.

Specifically, participants will be decision makers and implementers in environmental ministries, research institutions in waste management systems and individuals from municipal government agencies that are responsible for the implementation of solid waste management. Additional project beneficiaries could be private sector investors that can be made aware of opportunities in APEC communities. Criteria for selection for project participants/beneficiaries will include at least one of the following: experience working at the domestic or local level to develop and implement solid waste management systems; experience in developing secondary markets for recovered materials; experience working with local city managers that are responsible for solid waste management; experience working with informal waste pickers; general knowledge of waste management systems, including waste characterization studies and developing waste collection routes..

The project’s output consists of an Implementation Guide that describes the steps to evaluate a municipality’s capacity to develop and implement a successful cost-effective, labor-intensive waste collection and separation system that improves and enhances waste collection and improves participation by its citizens. The users of this output will benefit by bringing this Implementation Guide back to their host economies to share and discuss with municipalities and domestic level officials to better understand elements of an effective waste collection and separation system.  These systems could increase revenue through the sale of recovered materials through secondary markets as well as provide jobs for municipalities and help grow local economies.

Dissemination

The main output of this project will be a waste collection and separation Implementation Guide publication that is produced by an APEC-funded contractor and the APEC publication guidelines will be followed. The APEC publication may be printed or exist solely online on the Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris website.

The target audience of the Implementation Guide will be domestic and local level technical experts and government officials on solid waste management development and implementation, including city managers, local government officials, mayors, local NGO’s, and investors in secondary markets for recovered materials. The Implementation Guide will be developed to be applicable to APEC economies, though it will be relevant to many other audiences, globally, for raising awareness on the importance of sound solid waste collection and separation as a critical element to preventing and reducing marine litter as well as providing guidance for many economies struggling to develop a cost-effective and labor-intensive solid waste management system.

The PO will also explore other dissemination channels for the Guide which could include UNEP’s Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA); the Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML, G20 participating economies; the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); International Solid Waste Management Association (ISWA), U.S.-Mekong Partnership).

Gender

Women are particularly important and represented throughout the informal waste sector and this project seeks to recognize their leadership in the sector. The POs will seek to incorporate women leaders in key roles of the project, including in the Implementation Guide and in serving as experts on waste collection and separation. At least 30% of symposium participants including experts/speakers will be women, if possible.

To ensure active participation from women leaders in the field, the project team will work with the US Agency for International Development, for example, that have implemented projects in the APEC region on women empowerment and Clean Cities Blue Ocean.  The POs will also consult global experts to identify and engage women experts to be active participants in the project. The POs are committed to collecting gender disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project workshop.  This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets. 

Through the implementation of these project outputs, this APEC project is addressing Gender Criteria of skills, capacity building, leadership, and innovation and technology.

Work Plan

Time

Task

Deliverable

July/August 2021

Initial project planning and consultations with experts on overview of the entire waste collection and separation project

Further detailed project plan and increased communication among project leads

July/August 2021

Develop RFP/contract for Implementation Guide (20 – 30 pages) and the regional symposium (including associated support to Tan-An case study (5 – 10 pages)  (may be two separate RFPs)

RFP developed and posted

August 2021

Contractor for Implementation Guide and regional symposium selected may be in one or two contracts). Begin organizing the regional symposium.

Executed contract

August/September 2021

PO’s work with contractor to develop outline for Implementation Guide

Draft outline of Implementation Guide

September 2021

PO’s review outline of Implementation Guide and provide feedback. Contractor then begins drafting the Implementation Guide

Final outline of Implementation Guide

September/October 2021

PO’s work with contractor to technical plan  for symposium and identify experts. This will include developing outcomes for the symposium, drafting an agenda, discussing what capacity building needs will be met through the symposium, and symposium objectives.

Draft symposium agenda and objective, draft participant list, expected outcomes

October/November 2021

COVID pandemic dependent, have scoping mission to identify symposium venue in Ho Chi Minh City, connect with stakeholders and connect with leaders of Tan-An project

Contract with venue, update report from Tan-An pilot project

October 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

November 2021

First draft of Implementation Guide presented to PO’s and other technical experts

First draft of Implementation Guide

December 2021

Decision to shift the event format to virtual made and communicated to the Program Director

Written communication on decision of format for symposium (virtual vs. in-person) due to COVID restraints

January 2022

Finalize symposium agenda, participant list and invitations sent out

Final agenda, expected outputs and outcomes, participant list, invitations send out

November/December 2021

Gathering and researching input for Tan-An case study

Draft outline of elements of the Tan-An case study

December 2021

PO’s review and provide feedback to outline of Tan-An case study. Contractors then begin drafting the 5-10 page case study.

Final outline of the Tan-An case study

January 2022

Draft final case study for Tan-An project

First draft of Tan-An case study ready for PO (and others) review

February 2022

Final case study for Tan-An project

Final case study of Tan-An project

February 2022

Convene and facilitate regional symposium (but could take place in early 2022 if COVID restrictions apply) on the importance and best practices for enhanced waste collection and separation to address marine litter and present draft Implementation Guide to participants for feedback

Symposium held

Implementation Guide feedback

February 2022

Following symposium POs will work with contractor to disseminate a post-symposium survey to gauge effectiveness

Survey sent out to participants via email

February 2022

POs and other stakeholders/experts discuss with contractors the feedback received from regional symposium and discuss edits and next steps for Implementation Guide finalization

Contractor drafts work plan to finish Implementation Guide

April 2022

Contractor produces final draft of Implementation Guide for review with POs, which will include the complementary final Tan-An case study

Final draft of Implementation Guide, including final Tan-An case study

April 2022

POs give final feedback on Implementation Guide, which will include the complementary Tan-An case study

Final feedback on Implementation Guide, including final Tan-An case study

April 2022

Circulate final documents for endorsement

Endorsement of documents

April 2022

Implementation Guide (including Tan-An case study) is published and disseminated to APEC partners, posted on APEC website

Final version of Implementation Guide, including final Tan-An case study

August 2022

Submit APEC Project Completion Report to Secretariat

All outputs and completion report

June 2023

Participation in Long Term Evaluation of APEC projects

PO input into evaluation completed



Risks

Risk

   Management Intervention

1.Inability to complete project on schedule

There may be unanticipated delays to project implementation due to the Covid-19 pandemic during the early stages of the project. The POs will accomplish as much research and solicit as much input as possible via electronic and phone communication. If travel is not possible during the project symposium dates despite anticipation of a regional symposium to be held late 2021/early 2022, the POs will plan to hold the symposium virtually.

2. Inability to find suitable location to host project symposium.  

POs will work with fellow OFWG members in Vietnam to find a suitable location for the project regional symposium. If in-person symposium not possible, symposium will be held virtually. NOTE: If symposium is held virtually, the in-person field trip will not be completed.

3. Challenges to gather information in-person for the Tan-An case study

The Tan-An case study will describe the current situation in terms of the fundamental elements of the project, including its methodology, challenges, and outcomes thus far in the implementation. The case study will include all aspects of waste collection demonstrated in the project to date (this is not dependent on project completion, but rather a “snapshot” of current project to date), including route determination and separation scenarios. Due to the uncertainty of in-person travel to research and gather information for the case study, this process may take longer to undertake remotely. If the research has to be gathered remotely, the contractor will engage virtually with partners on the ground to gather the necessary information.

Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting best practices from the project could pose a risk as well.

We will mitigate this risk by including a wide variety of information that would be useful to different APEC geographies in implementation guide to ensure that the practical value in implementing the document is clear. The workshop (whether held virtually or in-person) will also give all stakeholders a first-hand opportunity to provide feedback on the knowledge products and run through a series of exercises and facilitated discussions to get an in-depth understanding of what the tools involve and how they can be used in a domestic setting.


Monitoring and Evaluation

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Outputs

1.   Develop draft Implementation Guide

1.   Draft outline, including objectives

July 2021

Certification by PO

Completed outline

2.   Draft Implementation Guide

September 2021

Certification by PO

Completed draft guide

3.   No. of attending economies providing feedback at regional symposium

All participating economies

Event Attendance List

Symposium summary report

2.   Regional symposium that presents and highlights cost effective, labor-ntensive waste collection efforts

4. No. of symposium participants

11 participating economies

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

5. No. of attending economies

16

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

6. No. of travel eligible economies

6

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

7. % of participating men/women

50/50

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

8. Content developed and deployed

31 Oct 2021

Certification by PO

Completion Report

3.   Case Study document

9.No. of pages

10

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

4.   Implementation Guide

10.No. of pages

20-30

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

11.Submission to the Secretariat

1 Nov 2021

Submission to the Secretariat

Email to the Secretariat

Outcomes

1.   Strengthened capacity of APEC economies in understanding the importance of waste collection and separation to improve waste management and address marine litter

1.   Implementation of international best practices by economies

2021 to 2022

Tracking economies six months after event

Report to Working Group

2.   Strengthen the capacity of APEC economies to apply a cost-effective waste collection system in their respective communities through the Implementation Guide

2.   % of participants report substantial knowledge increase

75%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

3.   developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase

25%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

4.   women report substantial knowledge increase

33%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report


Linkages

The project will promote cross-for a collaboration between APEC economies, the OFWG, and the Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris with other institutions and organizations in the region that are promoting improved solid waste management at the municipal level as a way to prevent and reduce  marine debris. The project will build on and avoid duplication of other projects in the region, such as World Wildlife Fund’s waste management efforts and another ongoing resource efficiency APEC project (SCE 01 2019). The project will place a special emphasis on applying appropriate waste collection methods in a small to mid-size city that struggles to collect household waste. Since most of marine litter stems from uncollected waste, this project will highlight innovative waste collection practices for the region that is highly effective and low-cost. This project will be complementary to APEC’s resource efficiency project (SCE 01 2019) and results will be shared with this urbanization and sustainable growth group. This project will focus on one aspect (collection) of resource efficiency and integrated waste management, as this is the step in integrated waste management where most marine litter leaks into the environment. Other institutions and organizations in the region that will be included are, but not limited to UNEP’s COBSEA program, World Wildlife Fund engagement in the Lower Mekong, Ocean Conservancy work on informal waste collection, Circulate Capital and the Alliance to End Plastic Waste. These organizations are seeking innovative waste collection and separation systems that could be applied and replicated throughout the APEC region.

APEC is the best source of funds for this project because of its ability to convene experts and officials from the APEC region together to build capacity and increase awareness about a key gap in addressing marine debris. APEC is able to highlight this issue for a wide group of experts and officials that can truly benefit from this project and bring lessons learned and technical assistance back to their communities.

Sustainability

There are multiple ways that beneficiaries will be supported to carry forward the results and lessons from the project. After the regional symposium, the attendees will have a better understanding and increased awareness about the marine litter issue and how to reduce waste from entering the environment by improving collection and separation within the APEC communities. Attendees of the regional symposium and the Virtual Marine Litter Working Group will utilize their expansive network and explore ways to apply to framework discussed to promote enhanced waste collection and separation.

To support this outreach and the accessibility to the framework to municipalities and stakeholders throughout the APEC economies, the Implementation Guide will serve as a valuable, long lasting resource to those at the domestic and municipal level interested in improving solid waste collection and separation. The POs will work the Virtual Marine Litter Working Group as well as explore other dissemination channels to continue promotion of the  Guide, including: UNEP’s Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia (COBSEA); the Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML, G20 participating economies; the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); International Solid Waste Management Association (ISWA). The POs, the contractor, and the Virtual Working Marine Litter Group may also explore avenues for additional projects to implement this framework though educational opportunities and pilot projects in communities throughout the region to demonstrate the board application within the APEC economies.

As noted in question 12 above, the project outcomes have specific indicators to measure progress. These will include the number of APEC economy participants at the regional symposium, the dissemination of the Implementation Guide, and increased knowledge of collection and separation from  as well as survey results demonstrating how the regional symposium increased awareness among APEC participants.

Project Overseers

The main contacts and POs will be: Andrew Horan and Van E Reidheid. Mr Horan is a marine litter specialist in the Office of International and Tribal Affairs for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mr. Horan serves on U.S. delegations for the U.N. Ad Hoc Expert Group on Marine Litter and is a member of the Global Partnership on Marine Litter.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Contractor – Implementation Guide

Task

Hours

Researching: Includes consultations with experts on the ground and globally on waste collection and separation practices in densely populated small to mid-sized cities and gathering other information as needed for Guide.

72

Drafting: This includes drafting an outline of the Guide and the content for the Guide itself and accounts for review and editing with POs and other experts.  Drafting will also include graphic design and formatting.

214

Total

286

Contractor – Researching Tan-An Case Study

Task

Hours

Researching: Includes meeting with experts on the ground about the project, gathering information on project successes to-date, challenges, lessons learned, etc.

28

Drafting: Includes drafting the outline and the case study itself, which should be no more than 10 pages.  Includes graphic design and formatting

52

Total

80

Contractor – Organising, Planning, Facilitating and Implementing the Regional Symposium

Task

Hours

Organising: Includes arranging travel, venue location, symposium set-up

30

Technical Planning: Includes agenda, speaker management (identifying and working with guest speakers)

120

Facilitating and hosting: Includes on-site facilitation by a technical expert

200


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Created at 09/08/2021 21:17  by Lucy Phua 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
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