Project Title

APEC Workshop on Promoting Small Farmers' Integration into Global Value Chains (GVCs) 

Project Year

2022   

Project Number

CTI 05 2022A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

CTI 05 2022A 

Project Title

APEC Workshop on Promoting Small Farmers' Integration into Global Value Chains (GVCs) 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains (FTAAP and GVCs) 

Project Year

2022 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

119,765 

Co-funding Amount

7,000 

Total Project Value

126,765 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Indonesia; Japan; Russia; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/02/2023 

Expected Completion Date

30/11/2023 

Project Proponent Name 1

Pham Quynh Mai 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director General 

Organization 1

Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(84-24) 22205522 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Maipq@moit.gov.vn  

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Pham Quynh Mai 

Project Summary

While small-scale agricultural producers account for a large proportion and would have great potentials to significantly contribute to poverty reduction if they had access to GVCs, they often lack access to knowledge, capital, innovation, etc., to integrate into the global value chains (GVCs). This project aims to provide capacity building to APEC member economies, especially developing ones, through the identification of the opportunities, challenges, and ways to support their integration into the GVCs.

The project is in line with the APEC Leaders’ 2021 commitments to pursue sustainability and inclusivity, and increase food security.  

A 2-day workshop (virtually or physically or hybrid) is proposed to be held subject to the specific situation due to the COVID 19.

Relevance

Issues: The livelihoods of approximately 2.2 billion people are linked to small-scale agriculture, being that it is the predominant form of agriculture in developing and developed economies. For example, in economies with high population density, like China, India, and Indonesia, there are almost 310 million small-scale farms, accounting for more than 80% of all the farms in each one of these economies[1]. It is also believed that in many low-income economies, over 60% of the population resides in rural areas and approximately 80% of people affected by poverty are living in rural areas[2]. Apparently, smaller farmers and small-scale producers could contribute a lot to poverty reduction if they are able to participate more efficiently in the production and value chains. However, in practice, they encounter a number of challenges to integrate into the GVCs given their limited resources (knowledge, network, capital,…) or lack of enabling environment or access to technologies, innovation, capital, etc.

To provide inputs for discussion at the Workshop, a survey will be developed and circulated to CTI contact points to get inputs with views of supporting small-scale farmers to participate more efficiently in the GVCs. 

Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project contributes to addressing APEC’s priorities to promote GVC development and cooperation in general, and in enabling member economies, especially the developing ones to better integrate into the GVC. Therefore, this project meets and support the funding priorities of the ASF Sub Fund - Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains.   

Capacity Building: The project aims to provide capacity building to APEC member economies, especially developing ones through sharing knowledge and experiences in improving policies and regulations as well as harnessing small farmers’ and small-scale producers’ capabilities in integrating into the GVCs.



[1] https://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1659-33592017000200007

[2] https://www.devex.com/news/more-action-needed-to-address-smallholder-farmer-challenges-100367

Objectives

The objective of this project is to identify opportunities and overcome challenges that impede small-scale agricultural producers from integrating into GVCs through experience and best practice sharing among APEC member economies on how governments and/or relevant associations/stakeholders could help small-scale farmers overcome those challenges in order to integrate more efficiently into GVCs.

Alignment

Alignment to APEC: The project is aligned with the APEC Leaders’ 2021 commitments to sustainability and inclusion that includes the goal of pursuing “sufficient, safe, nutritious, accessible and affordable food for all”. With the more efficient participation of small farmers and small-scale producers in the GVCs, it could help ensure affordable food for all as well as ensure that small farmers, and small-scale producers could participate into the GVCs and get well paid for their work.

Alignment to Forum: The project would contribute to the CTI’s objectives to facilitate a more open environment for investment and develop initiatives to improve the flows of goods, services, capital and technology within the region. The project would contribute to an enabling environment for small-scale producers to promote their integration into the GVCs, as well as improve the flows of goods, services, capital and technology.


[1] https://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1659-33592017000200007

[2] https://www.devex.com/news/more-action-needed-to-address-smallholder-farmer-challenges-100367



TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs 

Descriptions 

A survey prior to the Workshop

A literature review on the status of small farmers’ integration into GVCs from a number of APEC member economies will be conduct with aims to promote understanding, sharing and discussion at the workshop among participants.

The literature review is expected from 5 – 8 pages, and incorporated as an

 integral part of the workshop’s discussion and the Workshop Summary Report.

A Hybrid workshop or a Physical workshop  

The workshop is proposed to take place in 2nd quarter in 2023 (possibly in April 2023). Given the possible uncertainties due to restrictions on travel requirements and Covid-19 developments, we would like to propose hybrid since it would help to reach more participants within a rational budget as well as  to address potential uncertainties. The PO will work to make sure it

is most value for money, and highest quality.

In case of hybrid, the PO will note to design the agenda to fit both online and in-person participants (online participants will participate about 3 – 4 hours per day and the structured sessions are based on one-way flow of information to be most accessible for online participants – these include the keynote speech, speaker presentations and panel discussions (including moderated question and answer sessions. For in-person participants, practical sessions that involve unscripted and interactive activities will be included.

Those activities include small group work to drill down into case studies or policies, or brainstorming exercises to identify solutions, opportunities and recommendations). The hybrid is expected to host to about 30 – 80 participants. However, in case that risks due to the COVID-19 and travel restrictions are cleared, we would like to propose a physical workshop.

The PO would like to consult with APEC by the end of this year (2022)

about the mode and will seek approval for amendment of the project if yes.

The physical workshop is expected to host about 50 - 60 participants.  All APEC member economies’ representatives will be invited to attend as speakers or participants.   

The purpose of the workshop is give opportunities to especially participants to have the chance to listen to sharings from speakers/experts/economies representatives on issues related small farmers’ integration into GVCs and sharing experiences on how to address those challenges as well as join in discussing actively at the workshop, with aims of pursuing the project’s

objectives as stated in the Project Objective in the PP.

A session of this workshop will be designed to center on issues surrounding

female participation in the agriculture-related GVC on the topic.

Workshop Summary  

Report  

The Report will contain presentations provided by speakers as well as present substantive content such as the best practices, recommendations. At least 6 recommendations will also be presented in the Report.

The Workshop Summary Report is expected to be from 20 – 25 pages.

Outcomes: The participants are expected to gain a more in-depth understanding of roles, importance as well as opportunities and challenges that small-scale producers/farmers encounter in integrating into the GVCs.

It is expected that participants could gain more information, and experiences on how to support small scale producers/farmers to integrate into the GVC through sharing on models, approach, best practices from the speakers/experts and participants at the workshop.

The outcomes will be measured by a post-workshop evaluation/survey, details as in Section C, item No. 11.

Beneficiaries: The project will primarily aim to target:

Primary participants: workshop’s participants:

a) Government officials that are in charge of or involved in promoting agriculture and rural development. They should be at least 1 year experience involved the field of regulating, managing, implementing polices related to agriculture and rural development

b) Relevant associations with relations to rural development (through these associations, it is expected that capacity building will be spread to other specific stakeholders such as small farmers and small-scale producers. These associations could be associations with relations to farmers, agriculture, women – agriculture, MSMEs, …).

c) Representatives from small farmers, small-scale producers. Through the focal points, we would like them to nominate small farmers, small-scale producers in region/province of their discretion to attend the workshop either in  person or online subject to specific circumstances.

Secondary participants: are those that may not attend the event but may benefit from the project impact. Those could be small scale farmers, women farmers, small-scale start-ups in agriculture.

Dissemination

Hard copies will be provided to all the workshop participants. The electronic publication will also be used to disseminate the workshop’s documents widely. APEC’s official website will be the main one to upload the documents. A written summary of the literature review (5 to 8 pages) will be produced.  It will be incorporated into the workshop’s discussion and the Workshop Summary Report.  The workshop’s summary report (about 20 – 25 pages) will be uploaded onto the APEC project data base, and published as an APEC publication. 

Other Vietnamese Ministries’ websites (e.g.: the Ministry of Industry and Trade) could also be used to disseminate the information with a hyperlink to the APEC website. 

A press release on the Workshop will be published in Vietnam’s media mass (Viet Nam News, Viet Nam News Agency, Economics Times, etc.,). It will also be sent to business associations, research centers, etc. to attract attention to the event to encourage people to visit the documents online. 

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project. 

All the reports and related communication materials will comply with APEC Publications, IP, and Logo Guidelines. 

The workshop summary report will be published as an APEC publication. It will be noted that personal data (name, gender, economy, social media handles, name of employer, etc.) of project participants (including speakers, experts, and contractors) does not appear in any APEC Publication or APEC project report (such as Summary or Final Reports) produced in relation to this project.

Gender

The gender issue is seriously taken into account by the project proponent. Women are involved in the development of this proposal and both men and women will get equal opportunities to participate in the project implementation including in the process of preparatory stage, consultation and direct labour, etc. In addition, to address gender concerns and make sure that men and women are engaged efficiently in the workshop, the evaluation form delivered at the end of the workshop will include information on gender to aggregate for project assessment.  

Female participation as speakers or delegates to the workshop will be encouraged based on the highest efficiency of the project. The organizers will make sure that women are most encouraged and created favorable conditions to take part in and contribute to the workshop by disseminating information and invitation to as many women as possible. For example, invitations will be sent through APEC PPWE (Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy), female business associations of Viet Nam and APEC member economies if available to invite and draw their attention to the workshop.  

Female leaders will be prioritized to be invited as speakers to the workshop. Among other criteria such as expertise, experiences, contributions, female leaders from business and social associations, MSMEs, small business households, etc., will be prioritized to join and be funded to attend the workshop. It will target to reach at least 40% to 50% of female participation in this project if efficient. The female speakers are also aimed at at least 40 – 50%0%.  

This project will promote women economic empowerment with a focus on leadership, voice, and agency since “they are valued as contributors, professionals, and leaders in the private, not-for-profit, and public sectors” (APEC Guidebook, Appendix G)  

With the note that “Based on APEC’ Women and Economy Dashboard, just under a third of the world’s labor force works in agriculture and around 43 percent of these workers are women. Jobs in the sector span a range of skills, from low-skilled farm labor to plant and veterinary science, agricultural engineering, food processing, marketing, and sales”, the agenda’ session(s) will be devoted to discuss the gender-based issues in promoting small farmers’ Integration into GVC.

PO is committed to collecting sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets. This data will be used to assess compliance with the project’s gender targets at the conclusion of the project, with performance data shared with APEC members.  

Targets 

Female Participants (%) 

50%

Female Speakers/Experts (%) 

50%

Referring to the Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals in the Guidebook on APEC Projects, please tick the pillar or pillars that this project supports, in promoting women’s economic empowerment:


5 Pillars (you may tick more than one)

1

Access to Capital and Assets

2

Access to Markets

V

3

Skills, Capacity Building, and Health

V

4

Leadership, Voice and Agency

V

5

Innovation and Technology

In this project, it supports the pillars of “access to capital and assets”, “access to markets”, “skills, capacity building, and health”, “innovation and technology” in ways that the agenda will focus on identifying challenges facing small farmers such as those related to access to markets, capital, innovation, and hence addressing those challenges through sharing information, experienes, lessons, skills, making recommendations, etc.

Work Plan

Timeline 

Tasks 

Deliverables 

Jan – Feb 2023

Communicate to the APEC Secretariat/CTI Program Director to finalize the organizing plan of the workshop  

Approved quotations for hosting;  

Documents for direct labours and others (including the TOR and procurement documentations, …)

Jan – Feb 2023

Review the delivery format of the Workshop

Feb – Mar 2023

Contracting of Short Term and Direct Labour

Including providing ToR, contractor’s CV, A written justification for choosing the contractor, Notice of declaration from the contractor.

Feb 2023

Identification of venue

Confirmed venue for the workshop

Feb – Mar 2023 

Develop the Agenda and General Information Circular (GIC) 

Agenda and GIC

Mar 2023

Compilation and dissemination of the GIC’ at least 8 weeks before the Workshop date

Delivery of GIC

Mar – May 2023

Inviting speakers, participants and APEC related procedures

Will note that APEC Non-Member Participation Process is followed, and delegates are approved by the fora well before the workshop

01 Apr 2023 

Submit the APEC Project Monitoring Report 

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Jun 2023

Delivery 2-day hybrid Workshop in Viet Nam’

A 2-day workshop  

Agenda

Event Attendance List

Jun 2023

Dissemination of the post-Workshop survey of participants

Evaluation

By the end of Jun- Jul 2023

Develop Workshop Summary Report

Workshop Summary Report

By Sep 2023

Submit draft Workshop Summary Report to the Secretariat for review followed by CTI endorsement

Endorsed Workshop Summary Report

Within 2 months since the Project Completion Date

(November 2023 estimated)

Submit the APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents

APEC Project Completion Report

6-12 months after project completion

Participation in Longer-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects (LTEAP) survey

LTEAP survey

Risks

No. 

Risks 

How will it be managed? 

1 

Quality of speakers  

The Organizers will work closely with economies to

nominate and invite the most suitable speakers for the workshop.

Invitations to speakers and participants will be delivered at least 02 months prior to the workshop to make sure that conflicts of engagement will be addressed.

2 

Right participants 

To make sure that the right participants are nominated to attend the Workshop, the Organizers will consult with co-sponsoring and APEC member economies to set criteria for participants. Participants should be governments’ officials, relevant associations, and their members. The invitation will be sent through CTI, PPWE, ATC, SMEWG and PPFS. For the host economy, the workshop is free open to the relevant associations and their members including farmers/villagers/household businesses, etc.                    

3 

Quality of the Workshop Summary Report  

The consultant will be the key person to be in charge of developing the workshop summary report. She/He will have about 1 month to draft the workshop summary report, and then circulate the draft for comments among speakers and participants, send the draft to CTI for further comments to revise it before having it endorsed. The PO will also make sure to review the workshop summary report before sending out to relevant sub-for a.  

4

the recommendations and other takeaways from the capacity building sessions are not implemented in the home economies by the participants

We do not expect recommendations that fit all since it is impossible. But the recommendations will be divided into categories, for examples, recommendations for small farmers alone; recommendations for APEC economies; and recommendations for APEC as a whole. In the Group of APEC economies, we will make sure that these recommendations are raised by sharing from the economies, sharing their experiences as well as to allocate time for others to discuss whether it is applicable in their economies, and if it could be applied, whether there should be any adjustments with considerations to certain specific types of economic-social –culture features, etc.


Monitoring and Evaluation

Evaluation Focus 

Indicators 

Target Goals 

Evaluation Method 

Reporting Method 

Outputs 

1.    Workshop  

1.    No. of participants (excl. speakers/ experts) 

65   

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

2.    % of participating men/women (excl. speakers/experts) 

50/50 

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

3.    No. of speakers/ 
experts engaged 

6 – 8  

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

4.    % of speakers/ 
experts (men/women) 

50/50

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

5.    No. of attending economies 

12 

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

6.    No. of travel eligible economies 

10 

Event Attendance List 

Completion Report 

7.    Content developed and deployed 

Jun 2023 

Certification by PO 

Completion Report 

1.    Workshop Summary Report 

1.    No. of pages  

20 - 25 

Certification by PO 

Email to the Secretariat 

2.    Submission to the Secretariat  

Sep 2023 

Submission to the Secretariat  

Email to the Secretariat 

Out-comes 

1.   Experiences/ Practices in promoting small farmers’ integration into the GVCs   

2.   Sharing implementation from member economies 

2024 – 2025 

Tracking economies 2 years after event 

Report to the Working Group (DESG)  

2.   Participants knowledge of applying by member economies  

1.    % of participants report substantial knowledge increase  

50%  

Pre workshop survey and –post workshop evaluations 

Completion Report 

2.    Developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase 

50% 

Pre workshop survey and –post workshop evaluations 

Completion Report 

3.    Women report substantial knowledge increase 

50% 

Pre workshop survey and –post workshop evaluations 

Completion Report 

3.   Recommendations on how to support and promote small farmers’ integration into GVCs 

1.      No. of recommendations made 

At least 6  

Included in the Workshop Summary Report 

Report to the Working Group 

The Longer-term Evaluation of APEC Projects (LTEAP) 

Others 


Linkages

CTI will be the group that oversees this project and will be responsible for disseminating information about the Workshop to APEC member economies. The outcomes of the Workshop will be submitted to CTI for consideration and further action.

PPFS, ATCWG, SMEWG, and PPWE will also be consulted and called for cooperation during the development and implementation of this project given the fact that a majority of women, small and medium are involved in the course as well as require professional/technical support from the PPFS, ATCWG, and SMEWG. 

As recommended, the following will be noted and consulted during the implementation of this project: The PSU had published a study in 2014 Integrating SMEs into Global Value Chains: Policy Principles and Best Practices which looked into Agriculture and Food Processing;  2016 CTI  study had looked at integration into GVCs with two Agriculture case studies, salmon and soybeans; Korea’s “Promoting SMEs’ Integration into Global Value Chains in Major Industries” with the part on Agri-food business.

Sustainability

Following the workshop, participants are expected to have more in-depth knowledge and experiences how to promote small scale producers/small farmers’ efficient integration into the GVCs. 

To make sure that the workshop meets its objectives, the organizer will report to and seek approval from CTI for the recommendations in particular and the workshop summary report in general. Based on the recommendations from member economies, the organizer will consider proposing new activities/initiatives to follow up the outcome of the project. 

The Organizer also considers proposing the phase 2 of the project based on the participants’ recommendations. The networking will be used to review the implementation of recommendations.

Project Overseers

Ms Pham Quynh Mai 
Deputy Director General
Multilateral Trade Policy Department
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Viet Nam  

Tel: (84-24) 2220 55 22
Email: MaiPQ@moit.gov.vn  

Ms. PHAM has directly involved and contributed to the economic and trade integration of Viet Nam over the last 20 years. She has involved in APEC cooperation in the past years and served as Viet Nam SOM in 2015 and 2016; and Viet Nam Alternative SOM in last 2017. Ms Mai has been Viet Nam Senior Official to APEC since 2018

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

No. 

Specific Tasks for Consultant  

No. of Hours 

1.             

Review and propose to PO on Workshop location 

15  

2.             

Work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda

35  

3.             

Develop General Information Circular for the Workshop  

10  

4.             

Take notes at the Workshop 

15  

5.             

Develop and finalize Project Summary Report with recommendations of 20 to 25 pages

95  

6.             

Prepare draft Evaluation Surveys for the project 

20  

7.             

Gather Workshop Attendance List to be included in the Completion Report, speakers’ and moderators’ CVs and biographies and non-member participant list 

20  

8.             

Work as a coordinator in all substantive matters such as coordinate the invitation of international and local speakers/ moderators/ participants, identifying back-up speakers for the event etc. (30 hours)

30   

Total: 

240 hours 


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
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