Project Title

Data Standardisation within APEC - Pilot Project Utilising the Health Data 

Project Year

2022   

Project Number

DESG 01 2022A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

DESG 01 2022A 

Project Title

Data Standardisation within APEC - Pilot Project Utilising the Health Data 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Digital Innovation 

Project Year

2022 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

80,000 

Co-funding Amount

60,000 

Total Project Value

140,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Digital Economy Steering Group (DESG) 

Topics

Digital Economy 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Korea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; New Zealand; Philippines; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2022 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2023 

Project Proponent Name 1

Minji Choi (wef 5 July 2023) 

Job Title 1

Not Applicable 

Organization 1

Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(82-44) 2035959 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

mc0123@korea.kr 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Minji Choi 

Project Summary

With the emerging digital economy, the importance of data as the main source of industrial development is drawing keen attention. To facilitate digital economy in the region, cooperation on enhancing “interoperability” of data from various sources, as well as securing and utilizing cross-border data, are one of the most important issues. Against this background, this project will address “Data Standardization" issue which may be key to overcoming data difference problem. We will conduct a case study on government policies and good business practices on utilizing distinct data, especially the health data as a pilot area. On this footing we will try to draw key guiding principles relevant for APEC economies in pursuing their data standardization. In 2023, a Hybrid policy dialogue inviting relevant international organizations, experts, business sectors and APEC economies’ policymakers will be held in the U.S. to share and discuss the research results, seeking to enhance participants’ understanding and further develop policy recommendations.

Relevance

Issues: Securing and utilizing data is the critical factor to improve digital economy. When cross-border data flow increases, it will expand the scope of data that economies can access. In light of this, discussions are actively underway to establish global norms to overcome regulatory difference between economies that hinders cross-border data flow. Just, data, even when successfully secured, can only be utilized efficiently with appropriate standardization process because the difference of name, definition, format and language of data may lower the value of data and limit their usability. This answers why our project highlights the importance of data interoperability achieved through data standardization. However, data standardization gets relatively less attention than discussion on global norms regarding cross-border data flow.

This project, therefore, seeks to address the need to enhance awareness of data standardization within APEC. It will also seek to draw some concrete guidance and principle out of good practices in this field. For more detailed research, the project will preliminarily cover a prioritized field of health data, while the coverage is subject to minor change when it is deemed to be necessary for the sake of research’s efficiency. Studying the field of health data will also take relevance, considering the COVID-19 pandemic situation. Througout the project, continuous efforts will be made for cross-fora exchange of opinions and expertise especially from APEC HWG and SCSC, to make sure our project aligns with, and creates synergy with, relevant work in other fora.

This project can benefit individual APEC member economies by strengthening their digital and data-related policy capabilities, including institutional and technical infrastructure for data standardization. This will promote their digital economy and bridge the gap among APEC economies regarding data utilization technology. Furthermore, each economy’s enhanced data standardization and utilization capabilities as such will incrementally add up to Pan-APEC data interoperability through sharing of knowledge and cooperation, bringing sustained prosper of APEC digital economy.

Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project meets the eligibility criteria for accessing the ASF Digital Innovation Sub-fund for the following reasons; it supports capacity building needs for APEC developing economies as further stated below in response to [3.Capacity Building], plans on cross-fora collaboration with other APEC sub-fora and international organizations as stated in response to [4.Methodology-Linkages], ensures participation and input from a broad range of stakeholders including the private sector, and contributes to APEC Cross-Border E-Commerce Facilitation Framework by “promoting development of Information and Communication Technology infrastructure for facilitating cross-border e-commerce and digital trade” as well as APEC AIDER’s Key Focus Area 2 and 8.

This project also supports the funding priorities for the ASF Digital Innovation Sub-fund, which is to improve the growth of the digital economy in the Asia-Pacific region and contribute to APEC’s strategic objective towards inclusive, integrated and sustainable growth.

Capacity Building: This project plans to derive key guiding principles to propose to the entire APEC membership, based on the active participation and inputs from the APEC member economies and corporations. The outcome will be generally helpful for the APEC economies as a whole but we expect that the outcome will particularly benefit the economies whose infrastructure and system in the area of data economy has further to improve relatively. Since this project intends to suggest directions and specific methodologies that our APEC economies could consider or follow in their future efforts to design/improve their policy on data interoperability, this will be particularly helpful for our APEC developing economies given that we see more possibility that these advice will be considered or reflected in the policy decision making process of those economies. Also, as data standardization requires cooperation between economies, economies that are relatively behind in data standardization capacity can receive support in the course of this project and beyond.

Objectives

The objective of this project is to improve APEC economies’ capacity to secure and utilize various cross-border data, by promoting APEC economies’ understanding of Data Standardization as the key to enhancing data interoperability and proposing guiding principles for the economies in their efforts to implement their policy on Data Standardization. The scope of research will focus on the field of health data for more detailed research, taking relevance in the COVID-19 pandemic situation. Overall, the project will contribute to facilitating the Digital Economy in the region, laying groundwork for enhanced digital interoperability and active data cooperation among APEC economies.

Alignment

Alignment to APEC: In 2017, APEC leaders agreed to cooperate to realize potential of the Internet and the digital economy by adopting the “APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap (AIDER)”. AIDER has proposed 11 Key Focus Areas(KFAs), many of which are data-related.

Among these KFAs, this project specifically aligns with KFA 2.”Promotion of Interoperability” and KFA 8. “Facilitating the free flow of information and data for the development of the Internet and Digital Economy, while respecting applicable domestic laws and regulations. Since data standardization is to hamonize the name, definition, form and rule of data among economies, activities between economies in both private and public sectors will be expanded.

Alignment to Forum: APEC DESG stated in its work plan for 2022 that it would organize its work in accordance with the Putrajaya Vision 2040 and its implementation plan. Specifically regarding the Digital Economy, the Putrajaya Vision 2040 sets “Innovation and Digitalization” as one of the three economic drivers, which is exactly where this project seeks to contribute. This project will promote digital interoperability by assisting economies’ future work on data standardization, hence adding up to the growth of digital economy in the region. It will accelerate not only digitalization but also innovation, as enhanced utilization of cross-border data will facilitate the development of innovative business models. Also, since AIDER is at the center of DESG work, this project’s said alignment with AIDER KFA 2 and 8 will also align with DESG’s strategic plan. The more active cross-border data transfer becomes, the more data will become available in broader region, laying the foundation for further innovation in the APEC region.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

1) Research Report

The research report, planned to be 50 pages, focuses on data standardization initiatives within APEC based on the current status of each economy including data standardization system and applications

a) Analysis of promotion of data standardization, specifically focusing on data standardization in the health field.

b) Analysis of the current status of individual member economies through literature review and interviews with policy makers in Korea and co-sponsoring economies.

c) Identify commonalities and differences among member economies based on systems and cases, and analyze problems related to data standardization of business activities. Practical and specific problems in the APEC member economies would be indentified, noting that this is the key to developing recommendations that are relevant and helpful to the unique context in the APEC region.

d) Study global trends and data standardization status of major international standardization organization such as ISO, HL7 International, Regenstrief Institute, WHO-FIC Network

e) Collaboration with other relevant fora within APEC, namely APEC HWG, SCSC and TELWG

f)  Research report will be presented at the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

2)   Hybrid Policy Dialogue within APEC (US, 2nd Quarter 2023)

The policy dialogue will be held in a hybrid online and offline format in the US, the host economy of APEC 2023. The hybrid policy dialogue is intended to serve as a mid-term review of research achievements, and will listen to the opinion of policy makers, experts, and corporate representatives from member economies, as well as experts from major international organization of data standardization. We will invite Corporate representatives considered to be at the forefront in their respective field and experts from international organizations who fit our theme based on activities such as global forum, seminar, etc. To achieve this goal, four presenters including this project research team and several panelists from APEC members and international organizations are to take part. The hybrid policy dialogue will consist of two sessions: Data standardization policy of member economies and corporate practices related to data standardization especially in health sector. 

a) The Hybrid Policy Dialogue will run for 4 hours, including a two-hour policy session and a two-hour corporate practice session

b) Presentation on the status of health data standardization policy within APEC by this project research team

c) Presentation on global trends of health data standardization policy by international organization

d) We will invite two presentations from APEC member economies and ask them to share with us case studies for corporate data standardization in health sector

e) Panel discussion for policy and application of data standardization

The hybrid policy dialogue will be recorded in audio, for the purpose of accurate notetaking by the PO and better reflection of the Hybrid Policy Dialogue’s contents to Research Report. 

3) Project Report will be presented to DESG

a) A project report consisting of a research report and summaries of hybrid policy dialogue will be submitted to the DESG. The research report, about 50 pages long, will reflect the forum’s contents and suggest the policy direction for APEC’s data standardization.

b) Circulation for endorsement and publishment of the project report by APEC end of 2023. 

Outcomes: 

1) Raised awareness on the importance of data standardization to promote cooperation among APEC member economies: Efforts by global society for the development of the digital economy are mostly focused on norms or regulations. While Digital regulation is of course an important issue, the development of the global digital economy, at the same time, should also be considered for the sake of digital business and to advance cooperation between economies in this field. This project will contribute to reminding APEC member economies of importance of data standardization to promote cooperation between member economies.

2)  Clarifying challenges to be overcome for health data standardization within APEC: The first task is to identify the obstacles to achieving a specific goal. Through this project, we will discover the differences and commonalities related to data standardization between member economies. In particular, we will clearly derive data standardization problems that companies face while looking to leverage data. By doing this, legal and technical factors that block corporate activities and cooperation between member economies will be identified.

3) APEC’s data standardization method will be presented: Through analysis of the current status of data standardization within APEC and comparative analysis with global trends of data standardization, specific directions for relevant policies will be presented. This policy direction will improve the activities of companies and economies using data more efficiently and effectively. This change is even more important when we consider that the key to the development of digital economy is the use of data.

4)  Recommendations on guiding principles and directions made: It will propose a method to build a foundation within APEC data standardization, and in particular, will contribute to bridging the digital divide among APEC member economies for data standardization. 

Beneficiaries: First, direct beneficiaries are policy makers and regulators such as Ministry of Digital Economy and Society of Thailand, Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation of Malaysia, mainly engaged in data standardization. The project outcomes will help them to improve understanding of challenges and opportunities arising from data standardization. At the hybrid policy dialogue, data standardization policies of APEC member economies and business cases using data will be presented. Policy makers are able to use these contents to establish their own policies and build a business ecosystem.

Second, companies looking to leverage data in APEC member economies are beneficiaries. At the hybrid policy dialogue, the status of policies related to data standardization in APEC member economies, the direction of cooperation among APEC economies for data standardization to promote data utilization, and the case studies of companies using data will be presented. Therefore, companies preparing for data-related business can acquire important policy information and set the business direction based on the case studies of other companies. In particular, along with the standardization policies of each economy related to health data, obstacles and improvement tasks will be presented in the health sector. Moreover, they could better recognize the future of data standardization and data business within APEC member economies. To guarantee certain level of expertise, we will ask members’ competent government ministries to recommend those in charge of companies’ relevant department of managing and utilizing data and kindly extend our invitations.

Indirect beneficiaries will be government officials participating digital trade agreements, researchers conducting projects related to global data standardization, and representatives of international organizations seeking to solve social problems by promoting data utilization. Since this project will present the direction of discussion related to data standardization between economies through policies and cases, it will provide a useful basis for further discussion for the actual application of data. International organizations are invited to participate in the panel discussions as experts, and might find the discussion useful to feed into their ongoing work.

Dissemination

The dissemination of this report is a project report which will be reviewed by the APEC secretariat and co-sponsoring economies before publication. The project report is planned to be an APEC publication. The project report will include the research report and the summary of the hybrid policy dialogue.

It will provide electronic format written in English. Hard copies of any material would not be provided, but electronic copies will be made available via the designated APEC website (Publications | APEC).

The target audience of our output includes the general public as well as policy makers, experts in the field and companies interested in enhancing their data utilization skills. No outputs arising from this project are intended to sell. In addition, the project reports will be submitted to APEC without any personal information, adhering to APEC’s privacy provisions.

Gender

We fully understand APEC’s guidance on gender equality, and we care committed to align with such guidance as followings:

First of all, the contents of the project report can contribute to gender equality by increasing the accessibility of data. Within the chapters of the report, we will present how data standardization promotes the rights and interests of those with untapped economic potentials including women, particularly by helping them better integrated into the digital economy field. Secondly, we are planning to promote active participation of women in the distribution of the project report and the hybrid policy dialogue. From the preparatory stage of the hybrid policy dialogue, we plan to recruit presenters and panelists in consideration of the gender ratio, and we plan to request participants from participating economies to actively consider gender. In addition, we plan to conduct a survey about this project and solving gender equality for all project participants. The questionnaire will include whether the Hybrid Policy Dialogue has satisfactorily addressed gender issues related to data standardization. Results of the feedback will be disaggregated by gender to evaluate if the satisfaction level varies according to participants’ gender.

Targets

Female Participants (%)

Minimum 40%

Female Speakers/Experts (%)

Minimum 40%

Referring to the Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals in the Guidebook on APEC Projects, please tick the pillar or pillars that this project supports, in promoting women’s economic empowerment:

5 Pillars (you may tick more than one)

1

Access to Capital and Assets

2

Access to Markets

3

Skills, Capacity Building, and Health

4

Leadership, Voice and Agency

5

Innovation and Technology

PO is committed to collecting sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan



Timeline

Tasks

Deliverables

Oct 2022

Contracting KIET (Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade) for the Research

A signed contract

Oct 2022 ~

Mar 2023

Develop plan and conduct research with willing co-sponsors

Report the progress through SOM1 and to DESG

First draft research report

A draft plan for subsequent hybrid policy dialogue

Apr 2023

Nominate participants for hybrid policy dialogue

Follow up speakers and participants

Prepare logistics

Lists of participants

Apr 2023

Submit the APEC Project Monitoring Report to the APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report (MR)

Jun 2023

Disseminate the General Information Circular to all participants regarding the Policy Dialogue including agenda, speakers, logistical details and nomination form.

General Information Circular regarding the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

No later than 4 months before the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

Consideration of the Policy Dialogue format.

In case of re-spreading of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Hybrid Policy Dialogue will be changed to fully online format.

Decision about the format of the Policy Dialogue.

DESG2, 2023

Discuss the progress of work (will also have consult APEC HWG and SCSC intersessionally)

Hold Hybrid Policy Dialogue in the margins of SOM3 to share and discuss the preliminary research result(Tentative August 2023)

A post-event evaluation

Preliminary result of the study shared, including the guiding principles,Discussion and feedback from participants in hybrid policy dialogue, Final Agenda, Event Attendance List

Post-event evaluation

Sep ~ Oct 2023

Further Work to reflect discussion and input from the hybrid policy dialogue

Consolidate the result of hybrid policy dialogue into the Project Report

Report the progress intersessionally

Second draft the research report

Summary report of hybrid policy dialogue

1st Nov 2023

Submit the Project Report to Secretariat for review and approval

Final project report including research report and summary of the hybrid policy dialogue

Dec 2023

Project Completion Date (PCD)

Jan – Feb 2024

Submit the APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents to the APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report (CR)

Within 6 to 12 months of project completion

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat

Risks

No.

Risks

How will it be managed?

1

Re-spreading of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Replace with fully online policy dialogue

2

Lack of participation by enterprises

Promote participation through the use of inter-governmental networks of cooperation, especially within co-sponsoring economies

3

Technical problems of facility and equipment during hybrid policy dialogue

Pre-check of the facility and equipment

Presentation material pre-setting and rehearsal.

4

Low gender representation

Request APEC member economies to nominate participants in gender-balanced manner

Active reflection of views and voices of less represented gender

5.

Potential sensitivity regarding involvement of personal data in the research/study

In this project, we do not directly utilize personal data, but suggest data standardization methods through current status analysis and use case analysis.

However, if there’s further possibility of directly using data in the future work, data should be provided based on individuals consent.

6.

Lack of applicability to the unique context of home economies by the participants, possibly resulting in low implementation

Provide as many specified variations that members may choose between as options for internal implementation


Monitoring and Evaluation

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting Method

Outputs

1.   Hybrid Policy Dialogue

1. No. of participants (excl. speakers/ experts)

40

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

2. % of participating men/women (excl. speakers/experts)

60/40

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

3.  No. of speakers/
experts engaged

10

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

4. % of speakers/
experts (men/women)

60/40

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

5. No. of attending economies

16

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

6. No. of travel eligible economies

6

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

7. Content developed and deployed

30 Nov. 2023

Certification by PO

Completion Report

3.   Project Report

1. No. of pages

50~60

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

2. Submission to the Secretariat

1st  Nov 2023

Submission to the Secretariat

Email to the Secretariat

Out-comes

1.   Clarifying the challenges to be overcome for data standardization

1. No. of challenges clarified

2. No.of solutions identified

3

3

Certification by PO

Completion Report

2.      Data Standardization methods that are applicable within APEC region

1. No. of methods identified

2

Certification by PO

Completion Report

3.   Recommendations on how to develop data utilization capacity

1.  No. of recommendations provided

2

Certification by PO

Completion Report

Others


Linkages

In APEC,  we will seek active cross-fora collaboration with relevant APEC stakeholders, including SCSC and TELWG.

Also, as the topic of this project is mainly covering health data, this project can also create synergy with APEC HWG. Efforts will be made to enhance close cooperation with the mentioned fora, looking for the exchange of relevant experience and expertise in related area of work. Such efforts include inviting SCSC, HWG, TELWG members as key participants and discussants to the Hybrid Policy Dialogue.

The possibility of a joint cross-fora meeting will also be explored. In addition, as the Data Standardization is being discussed at several international organizations including ISO(International Organization for Standardization), this project is going to summarize relevant discussions via research and invite those in charge in such organizations to participate in Hybrid Policy Dialogue as presentors or discussants. We encourage participation of organizations that develop standards consistent with relevant international rules and standards. Also, stakeholders in the business sector and industry are also encouraged to take an active part in this project.

Sustainability

This project is not a practical cooperative activity in business area, but a project that suggests directions and policies of data standardization. In order to continuously affect the results of this project, it is essential to carry out a cooperative project. In particular, problems related to the use of data discovered in the course of this project need to be resolved through discussion among the governments of APEC member economies.

This Project will be promoted with a focus on data standardization in the health field, and to continuously derive results, a comprehensive project that encompasses various field should be remoted. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to stably operate, expand and develop the expert network of APEC member economies established through the hybrid policy dialogue.

The outcomes to be derived from this project such as challenges and standardization methods will be checked for feasibility and suitability through discussion with experts and government officials from APEC member economies, especially co-sponsoring member economies. The intermediate reports will be circulated to member economies by stages to actively listen to and reflect their opinions. The first result will be submitted before the hybrid policy dialogue in 2023, and the result reflecting the opinions of the member economies will be announced at the hybrid policy dialogue. In addition, by adding the opinions and suggestions proposed during the hybrid policy dialogue, the project report will be circulated to the APEC members.

Project Overseers

Ms. Jiyeong LEE (PO)

Deputy Director, Multilateral Trade Cooperation Division

Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), Republic of Korea

MOTIE,ROK’s Representative for APEC CTI/DESG/GOS, working with colleagues in MOFA,ROK

As one of the KOREA APEC TEAM

TEL: +82-44-203-5939 / E-mail: shiny5stars@korea.kr

Mr. Hyeok Ki Min(PO team)

Director of Trade Policy Division, Korea Institute for Industrial Economics &Trade (KIET)

TEL: + 82-44-287-3139 / E-mail: hmin@kiet.re.kr


Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Self-funded Direct Labour

No.

Specific Tasks for Researcher

No. of Hours

1.             

Carry out preliminary research and develop draft research report

100 hours

2.             

Work with speakers and discussants to draft, revise and finalize agenda

20 hours

3.             

Propose to PO on the location of logistics for the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

14 hours

4.             

Develop General Information Circular for the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

10 hours

5.             

Assist the PO in notetaking the discussions in Hybrid Policy Dialogue

6 hours

6.             

Develop and finalize Summary Report of Hybrid Policy Dialogue with recommendations

80 hours

7.             

Draft Evaluation Surveys for the project

30 hours

8.             

Gather Attendance List and speakers’ CV of the Hybrid Policy Dialogue for inclusion in the Project Completion Report

20 hours

9.             

Finalize the Research Report, reflecting discussions and recommendations at the Hybrid Policy Dialogue

20 hours

Total:

300

(Total cost)

30,000(USD)



Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 6.0 
Created at 29/09/2022 23:21  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 22/04/2024 11:29  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search