Project Title

Assessing the Impact of Rising Sea Levels on Travel and Tourism in APEC Economies 

Project Year

2021   

Project Number

TWG 04 2021A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

TWG 04 2021A 

Project Title

Assessing the Impact of Rising Sea Levels on Travel and Tourism in APEC Economies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2021 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

83,699 

Co-funding Amount

15,000 

Total Project Value

98,699 

Sponsoring Forum

Tourism Working Group (TWG) 

Topics

Tourism 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2022 

Expected Completion Date

30/06/2023 

Project Proponent Name 1

Christina Gay 

Job Title 1

Policy Analyst 

Organization 1

US Department of Commerce, National Travel and Tourism Office 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(1-202) 4824257 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Christina.Gay@trade.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Christina Gay 

Project Summary

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of the travel and tourism industry to the global economy. It also provided an opportunity to rebuild the industry in a way that is resilient to future shocks, including the impacts of the climate crisis. One such issue is rising sea levels, which could have a detrimental effect on travel and tourism and tourism businesses in the APEC region, as well as on coastal assets and infrastructure. It is vital that APEC identify destinations’ vulnerabilities to this threat, including extreme sea level events such as tides, surges, flooding, and waves. This project will lead a research effort on the impact of rising sea levels on the travel and tourism industry, including tourism SMEs across APEC economies, to identify common risks and exposures and identify best practices for the industry to mitigate risks. The outcome will be an assessment report on rising sea levels that will identify 1) common risks of rising sea levels to the travel and tourism industry; 2) vulnerabilities specific to APEC economies; and 3) best practices to mitigate risks.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Travel and tourism is a significant contributor to economic development among APEC economies. Visitors spent US$ 712.3 billion in APEC economies in 2019, representing 42.5% of global travel and tourism. Before the pandemic, APEC economies employed over half of global travel and tourism employees, accounting for 54.1% of global travel and tourism employment in 2019. COVID-19 brought international tourism to a standstill; the tourism industry was the first to suffer and has been the slowest to recover. In 2020, tourism exports dropped by US$1.3 trillion globally, and international tourist arrivals fell by US$1 billion. The global halt of international travel highlighted the importance of the travel industry to the global economy. It also offered economies the opportunity to rethink how to build a travel and tourism sector that is resilient to shocks in the future. This opportunity to “build back better” should recognize the importance of protecting the travel and tourism industry to future shocks, including the growing impact of the climate crisis, in particular rising sea levels. 

In coastal areas, sea level has a direct effect on flooding, shoreline erosion, and hazards from storms. Rising sea levels and extreme sea level events such as floods, surges, and tides threaten assets and infrastructure in urban settings along coastlines, including roads, bridges, subways, water supplies, and oil and gas wells that are necessary for local jobs and regional industries. The travel and tourism industry is a beneficiary and contributor to coastal conservation. Marine and coastal tourism are often important revenue sources for conservation efforts, and diverse marine life and beaches are significant attractors of tourism, as over half of worldwide tourism takes place in coastal areas. Rising sea levels creates stress on coastal ecosystems that provide recreation and attract tourism.  Recognizing the intersection between rising sea levels and travel and tourism, it is imperative that economies identify destinations’ vulnerabilities to sea level rise and extreme sea level events. A substantive research effort on the impact of rising sea levels across APEC economies and on tourism small and medium enterprises (SMEs) would identify common risks and exposures as well as identify best practices for the industry to mitigate risks.                                

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project meets the criteria for the ASF general fund by supporting capacity building needs for APEC developing economies through assessing and sharing the impact of rising sea levels to the APEC travel and tourism industry. The report will establish a knowledge base of rising sea levels effects on travel and tourism and technical know-how for economies to mitigate these risks. The project will support a resilient travel and tourism industry, which encourages sustainable growth and inclusive development. The project supports the following priorities: 1)  safeguarding the quality of life through environmentally sound growth by disseminating best practices for how the tourism industry can build resiliency to rising sea levels; 3) promoting the development of knowledge-based economies by identifying common risks across APEC economies; and 4) developing and strengthening the dynamism of SMEs. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will enable APEC economies to obtain, share, and strengthen knowledge related to the effects of rising sea levels on the travel and tourism industry, particularly the effects on travel and tourism SMEs. This project will seek to identify concrete tools and best practices for participants to mitigate their exposure to sea level rise and extreme sea events. Economies will be invited to participate to contribute and share data on sea level rise and how SMEs have mitigated their own exposure. The release of the report will coincide with a virtual policy dialogue, which will present the findings of the report, highlight case studies of how individual destinations or SMEs have incorporated sea level rise considerations. The virtual policy dialogue will offer economies the opportunity to share their own experiences and challenges related to sea level rise, and to engage other relevant stakeholders working in the climate and mitigation space. The report and survey collection will seek to identify areas of need and commonality among APEC economies, highlight skills used by SMEs to mitigate exposure, and provide policy approaches that can build resiliency.

Objectives

The objective is to assess the impact of rising sea levels and extreme sea level events across APEC economies on the travel and tourism industry, including tourism SMEs, by identifying common risks and exposures, and to identify best practices for the industry to mitigate these risks.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC: APEC 2021 Priorities. This project aligns with New Zealand’s priority of “Increasing Inclusion and Sustainability,” and specifically, An Opportunity for Green Recovery. As APEC members seek to recover from the impact of COVID-19, the travel and tourism industry has been provided with the opportunity to promote a more sustainable and resilient industry. Policies targeted towards a sustainable travel and tourism recovery will aim to reduce the likelihood of future shocks and increase the industry’s resilience to the impacts of the climate crisis. 

APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040. This project also aligns with the 2040 vision for strong, balanced, secure, sustainable and inclusive growth. To ensure that the Asia-Pacific region is resilient to shocks, pandemics and other crises, the travel and tourism industry must grow in a way that is sustainable, resilient, and inclusive. This project will support the vision to promote economic policies, cooperation and growth that address environmental challenges, including climate change. 

Alignment – Forum: 

TWG Strategic Plan.
The TWG 2020-2024 Strategic Plan established “Sustainable Tourism and Economic Growth” as a priority area, with the objective to “maximize the travel and tourism sector’s contribution to employment, economic development, environmental protection and resilience, cultural and natural heritage preservation and inclusiveness to create economic and social benefits for business and communities in urban and rural areas.” 

High-Level Statement on Sustainable Tourism 2017. As said in the statement, sustainable tourism helps strengthen connectivity; promote economic, financial, and social inclusion; address environmental degradation and pollution; and conserve and manage natural resources and biodiversity. This project aligns with the proposed actions in the statement for the TWG to share best practices and foster synergies in promoting sustainable tourism growth. 

Tourism Ministers’ Declaration 2018 on Harnessing Sustainable and Inclusive Tourism in The Asia Pacific. The project aligns with the declaration of tourism ministers in 2018 to encourage member economies to create an enabling environment for SMEs in the tourism sector to engage in activities that will contribute to our efforts in achieving green and sustainable tourism.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:  

Output 1: Final Report 

Body of Research: The PO will work with a contractor to gather a body of research on the following:

a) The risk Sea Level Rise (SLR) poses to tourism SMEs and coastal infrastructure.

b) The risk Extreme Sea Events pose to tourism SMEs and coastal infrastructure.

c) Best Practices for APEC economies and APEC SMEs to mitigate those risks. 

The PO will work with the contractor to collect data from participating economies, and ensure the data is representative of the diversity of economies in the APEC region. The contractor will disseminate a survey to all member economies to ask for data they may have related to sea level rise, flooding, and tourism SMEs. The surveys will offer a standardized format to collect data.  A number of economies (up to 8) can volunteer to offer data for case studies that will highlight more in-depth research for how their tourism industry is exposed to sea level-related risks or how the government and/or tourism enterprises are mitigating those risks. The number of case studies is limited to 8 economies in order to allow for an in-depth look at a few representative examples and best practices. In selecting the highlighted case studies, the project team will seek to include diverse experiences, economy size, and development level of tourism economy to ensure a representative sample of APEC member economies.  Collecting data from volunteer economies for case studies will involve the surveys, as well as follow-up virtual interviews and correspondence with the project team and the contractor to gain additional insight. Priority for the case studies will be given to co-sponsoring economies. 

The final report will be an assessment of no more than 40 pages building upon the body of research collected. The report will be an APEC publication. The report will contain the following:

a)   cover page

b)   executive summery

c)   table of contents

d)   introduction

e)   data assessment on the risk sea level rise and extreme sea event pose to APEC economies overall and tourism SMEs specifically

f)     case studies of up to eight economies

g)   recommendations for policy makers

h)   best practices for tourism SMEs         

Output 2: Policy Dialogue: Hybrid Event

A hybrid virtual policy dialogue will be held to present the findings of the report and engage member economies. The project team will host a panel of experts alongside the 2023 meeting that will be broadcast virtually to participating economies.  The contractor will present the findings of the reports and the case studies The contractor and the project team will work together to create a presentation on the findings of the work, including visual representations of relevant data.  The contractor and the project team will reach out to experts related to sea level rise, travel and tourism, SMEs, and development to create two panels that will build off the presentations of findings and case studies from the final report. Discussion between the panelists and virtual participants will allow for economies to engage with experts to ask questions and discuss best practices. The project team will reach out to academics, researchers, and scientists from public or private universities focusing on travel and tourism, sustainable tourism and development, or climate change to participate in the audience, ask questions, and offer comments.

The virtual policy dialogue will be held alongside the Spring 2023 APEC meetings. The event will consist of two 1-hour 15 minute panels, with a 20 minute beak in between.  A draft agenda is included below:

Panel 1: Sea Level Rise and APEC Economies

a) Welcome and Remarks from the Project team (5 minutes)

b) Presentation of the final report’s findings on Sea Level Rise  (25 minutes)

c) Guest Speakers (up to 3) (20 minutes)

d) Q&A and discussion (25 minutes) 

Panel 2: Case Studies and Tourism SMEs

a)  Welcome and Remarks from Project Team (5 minutes)

b)  Presentation of Case Studies and best practices (25 minutes)

c)  Guest Speakers (up to 3) (20 minutes)

d)  Q&A and Discussion  (25 minutes) 

Outcomes:  

1.  Short-Term Impacts: Increased Knowledge

a.  Data gathering and sharing among APEC economies will provide a base of knowledge of the risks of sea level rise to APEC economies.

b. Increased knowledge on the impact on tourism SMEs as a consequence of sea level rise and extreme weather events associated with Sea Level Rise (such as storm surges and flooding).

c.  Increased knowledge on best practices and experiences from APEC economies related to adaptation strategies to reduce impacts and economic losses and increase sustainability.

2.  Medium-Term Impacts: Public Policy Linking Rising Sea Levels and Tourism

a. Contribute to the development of public policies that link climate change with tourism strategy, such as tourism strategic plans, climate adaptation plans, or tourism policy. The results expected after the report are the ability of member economies to advance the issue of sea level rise, share experiences, and generate multi stakeholder engagement that will encourage sustainable and resilient tourism policy.

3. Long-Term Impacts: Enhanced cooperation among APEC economies on tourism policies related to the effects of climate change. 

Beneficiaries:  Policy makers: Participants from APEC economies and travel and tourism policy makers, especially those along coastal zones or areas at high risk of flooding or sea level rise; private and localized government organizations involved in tourism development, such as tourism associations and Destination Management Organizations (DMOs); and Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) NGOs. Communities and community leaders in APEC economies, including village leaders, mayors, and representative NGOs involved in tourism policy or community sustainability planning. 

Other APEC leaders involved either directly or indirectly with travel and tourism or climate change, such as groups responsible for oceans and fisheries (OFWG), emergency preparedness, small and medium enterprises, and women and the economy. The TWG plans on engaging APEC fora during the research phase of the project and will invite them to the virtual event. Their input will provide vital context to the risks presented by rising sea levels and Extreme Sea Events, and they will benefit from research on how tourism SMEs can play a role in mitigating those risks and add sustainable practices. 

The project team will reach out to contacts in the TWG as well as other relevant APEC working groups to target relevant and qualified participants in APEC economies.

Private Sector: This project will focus on the impact to tourism Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), including hotels and lodging, rental cars, recreation, and tour operators, that wish to utilize sustainable practices and reduce their individual risk. Best practices will also benefit larger enterprises, such as larger hotels, recreation, and destinations, to mitigate their exposure to sea level rise or extreme sea level events.

Multilateral Organizations: OECD, UNWTO, and G20. Information-sharing dialogue(s) with WTTC, PATA, OECD, and other multilateral and international organizations on the margins of TWG meetings. By providing an initial body of work establishing an assessment of the impacts of rising sea levels on APEC economies and tourism MSMEs in the region, as well as best practices for tourism SMEs to mitigate these impacts, other multilateral organizations can benefit by analyzing linkages between rising sea levels and tourism. While the focus of the research will be limited to APEC economies, the best practices can be applied more broadly, and the work can be built upon. The final report will be disseminated to tourism groups among other multilateral organizations to share findings and coordinate on future work.

Academics: researchers and scientists from public or private universities focusing on travel and tourism, sustainable tourism and development, or climate change. 

In the long term, the project and the virtual event could encourage implementation of best practices by tourism MSMEs across APEC economies to reduce their exposure to Sea Level rise and related economic damages, which will contribute to sustainable tourism economies. The listed beneficiary groups will also be invited to the virtual event.

Dissemination

Output 1, the final report, will be an APEC publication.   The contractor will be tasked with assembling the first draft of the report and copy editing to meet APEC standards. The PO and organizing committee will serve as the technical domain experts in reviewing the content to assure that it meets APEC publication standards. Organizers will also seek opportunities (outside the scope of this project) to publish the results in technical journals given they have obtained prior permission from the Secretariat.

The final report will be produced by an APEC-funded contractor, and the APEC publication guidelines will be followed. The report will be prepared in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Branding Manual. The final report will be disseminated through electronic publication and via the APEC website. After the report has been published by APEC, it will also be posted on the U.S. National Travel and Tourism Office Website.

The target audiences of the report are government entities, research institutions, civil society organizations, local government authorities, Destination Management Organizations, and tourism MSMEs interested in understanding and mitigating the risks of rising sea levels and extreme sea level events. The report will use data from and target APEC economies but will be broadly applicable, especially to economies with high exposure to rising sea levels or vulnerable coastlines. The publication can also serve as an example to other multilateral organizations of the importance of intergovernmental cooperation to understand and mitigate the risk of rising sea levels.

Gender

Due to strong linkages between tourism and women’s economic empowerment, the report will seek to identify the economic risks sea level events pose to women’s economic participation. It will include a gender chapter on the risk sea level events pose to women in the tourism sector. Current research indicates that tourism is one of the few sectors where female labor participation is already above parity in some economies. The focus on best practices for SMEs research will also benefit women, given that the majority of tourism enterprises are small to medium businesses more likely to have women as owners and employees.

We expect that women and men will have equitable access to and benefit from the project. The contract will specify clear targets to include women-owned SMEs in the final report. Surveys given to economies to collect responses will include sex disaggregated indicators to identify specific needs of women-owned SMEs. To provide equitable benefits to women and men, we will prepare an evaluation form delivered at the end of virtual event, including gender-related indicators.

The same gender principle will apply for designating the organizer team and the virtual event. PO will request to the organization that at least 50% of the members of the organizing staff are female. In organizing the virtual event, the target for the female speaker participation is 50%. PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (and not only the APEC funded) from the project event. This data will be included as part of the submission of the Completion Report to the Secretariat when the project completes and will serve to guide future POs on their own gender parity targets.

This project would promote the following APEC women’s empowerment pillars: Leadership, voice and agency; Skills, capacity building, and health; and innovation and technology. The POs will seek to incorporate women in key roles of the project, including performing the contract work, other aspects of the project design, execution, and the final virtual event. The POs will also consult with colleagues in the U.S. Government (including at U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of State Office of Global Women’s Issues) who have worked on women’s empowerment through their work in the APEC region.

Targets

Female Participants (%)

50%

Female Speakers/Experts (%)

50%

Referring to the Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals in the Guidebook on APEC Projects, please tick the pillar or pillars that this project supports, in promoting women’s economic empowerment:

5 Pillars (you may tick more than one)

1

Access to Capital and Assets

2

Access to Markets

3

Skills, Capacity Building, and Health

X

4

Leadership, Voice and Agency

X

5

Innovation and Technology

X


Work Plan

Timing

Activity/Task

Output

Jan 2022

Project Plan and funding confirmed

Approved Project Proposal

Jan – Mar 2022

Finalize the Contracting Process

Executed Contracts with selected bidder

Mar 2022

First meeting (virtual) between support contractor and lead organizers/POs (and subsequently biweekly thereafter)

Updated schedule and deliverables 

Apr 2022

Call for volunteer economy case studies, limited to maximum of eight (8) with preference to cosponsoring economies

Request for volunteers sent to TWG member economies

Apr 2022

Scope of work, in close consultation with co-sponsoring economies

Scope of work for report

1 Apr 2022

Submission of APEC Project Monitoring Report (MR)

APEC Project Monitoring Report

May 2022

With guidance from POs, contractor develops surveys, surveys will be sent out to all TWG member economies to provide appropriate information of tourism MSMEs in their respective economies.

Surveys sent to TWG member economies

Jun – Jul 2022

Contractor contacts economies involved in case studies, interviews relevant stakeholders, and collects successes, challenges, and learned practices.

Sep 2022

Contractor compiles data from surveys sent to member economies.

Request for data

Sep – Oct 2022

Contractor presents initial findings to POs; discuss policy recommendations for full report in consultation with cosponsors

Presentation of data

Nov 2022

Contractor assembles/drafts final report recommendations and case studies, guided by cosponsors/PO in several draft iterations

Draft outline and  finalreport recommendations and case studies drafts

Dec 2022

Contractor iterates draft full report with PO, produces review draft to be sent to cosponsors for review

First complete draft final report authorized by PO

Jan 2023

Contractor compiles review responses and tracked changes revised report draft to respond to reviewers, iterate as needed

Revised final report drafts

Feb 2023

Submit final draft report to Secretariat

Report

Feb 2023

Final draft of the Final Report to be submitted to the Secretariat and thereafter to TWG for endorsement.

PO begins work with Contractor to address any requested changes

APEC review comments discussed by PO

Mar 2023

Contractor incorporates agreed changes into report, performs copy-edits to comply with all APEC/TWG requirements, delivers revised final draft report to POs. Financial disbursement finalized.

Review comments incorporated into revised draft report, copy edit completed

Endorsed Final Report

Mar – Apr 2023

Contractor works with PO and project team to organize speakers for hybrid event, prepare report presentation, and create relevant graphics.

Apr 2023

Submission of the Second APEC Monitoring Report (MR)

Submission of MR

May 2023

Hybrid event presenting the report, case studies presented.

Hybrid Event

May 2023

Post-event surveys sent to event participants and then collected by the contractor

Surveys sent to participants

Aug 2023

POs submit APEC Project Completion Report to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

6-12 months after project completes

Participation in the Long-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by APEC Secretariat

Participation in the LTEAP

Risks

1) Research: In order to ensure the quality of the preliminary research and report quality, we will ensure chosen consultants are subject specialists and have an established track record of delivering outcomes on similar projects.

2) Consultant abandons the project for one or more reasons: The Statement of Work will include performance-based elements that can be completed independent of one another, which will minimize disruption should the consultant be unable to complete the entire project.

3) Engagement of volunteer economies: In gathering the data and best practices among diverse APEC economies, participation and communication from APEC economies will be important to project success. We will ensure that each economy provides appropriate contact and technical staff to work with the consultant, where required.  Risk of low or delayed engagement by volunteer economies can be prevented through pre-planning and scheduling of regular contact with the POs, contractor, and volunteer economies. The POs and the contractor will also ensure timelines are provided in advance and questionnaires are distributed with appropriate time for economies to respond.

4) Participation in the Event: Broad participation across economics and diversity among participants will be important to allow for a broad range of experiences and rich dialogue. The POs and the contractor will ensure the event information and registration is made available to economies well in advance. 

5) Low availability of data: Due to the nature of the project, and the focus on tourism MSEs, there is the risk of low availability of data, especially among developing economies. This can be mitigated through active outreach between the contractor and the volunteer economies. Additionally, the POs and the Consultant will work actively with other APEC fora such as the OFWG and the SMEWG to share contacts and data collection best practices.

Monitoring and Evaluation

A successful project will result in the completion of a final report presented to the Tourism Working Group.

Indicators of success will include:

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Outputs

1)               Final Report

1.               No. of Pages

40

Certification by PO

Email to Secretariat

2.               Submission to the Secretariat

February 2023

Submission to the Secretariat

Email to the Secretariat

3.      Number of Case Studies  

8

Included in Final Report

Email to Secretariat

4.      Percentage of economies providing data and responding to inquiries from the consultant

75%

Included in Monitoring Report

Monitoring Report to the Secretariat

2)               Virtual Hybrid Event

5) No. of experts engaged

6

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

6)               No. of Virtual attending economies

16

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

7)               % of participating men/women

50/50

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

Outcomes

1)      Participants knowledge of Sea Level Rise and the risk to tourism SMEs

8)      % of participants report substantial knowledge increase

75%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

9)               developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase

25%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

10)             women report substantial knowledge increase

33%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

2)  Recommendations made on how to mitigate the impacts of sea level rise and increase sustainability

11)             No. of recommendations made

10

Included in the Project report

Report to the Tourism Working Group

The APEC longer-term evaluation of the project


Linkages

Cosponsors will be closely consulted with by the project overseer for ensuring compliance of their project within their expectations. The project overseer and the consultant will also reach out to APEC economies, representatives of TWG and other APEC fora, and representatives of international organizations (OECD, UNWTO, and the World Bank) for their input throughout the project cycle. The project will share lessons with other work areas pursued under the Small and Medium Enterprise Working Group, OFWG, and EPWG.

APEC’s comparative advantage: APEC is the best source of funds for the project, considering the region’s location relative to the Pacific Ocean. The diversity among APEC economies of climate, coastal exposure, and tourism economies will allow for a wide scope of analysis and report with broad takeaways that can be applied across economies. The proposed project is also best undertaken in APEC because of the number of developing member economies. The OECD, for example, is more focused on developed economy issues. In APEC there is also the opportunity to engage with other fora. For example, the TWG plans to engage the Oceans and Fisheries Working Group and the Emergency Preparedness Working Group for their perspectives on sea level rise and disaster management related to extreme sea level events during the research and interview phase to gain further perspective. The TWG also plans to engage Gender Focal Point Network and the SME Working Group to look at issues relating to women and small businesses, as many travel and tourism businesses fall under those two categories. This engagement will be further outlined during the scoping work with the consultant.

This project builds on the work completed in “Sustainable Development in Tourism Destinations” report of 2012 APEC TWG. This report will also build on the work "Tourism Risk Management, an Authoritative Guide to Managing Crises in Tourism" of 2006 of the APEC TWG.

APEC funds for this project are appropriate as this is intended to be a detailed study into the risks posed by sea level rise to tourism SMEs and to develop specific recommendations for future APEC work in this area and best practices for SMEs.

Sustainability

This project will continue to have an impact after its APEC funding is finished as its beneficiaries are supported to share the best practices as the report is disseminated to a wider audience. After project completion, possible next steps include: 

1) Development of future workshops or seminars. Next steps could include engaging with the private sector to develop skills-training initiatives for tourism SMEs to mitigate risks identified in the report and implement sustainable practices. 

2)  Following project completion and the publication of the report, next steps will be to monitor project recommendations application and use. The PO will check in with economy participants after the first 6 months following the project’s completion, and then annually following the initial check in. The final report will be available in the APEC database for all interested parties. 

3) Responsible authorities among APEC economies will have an opportunity to receive full informational support from project team, including background data and contacts of experts consulted in the project. A list of experts engaged in the research and their contacts will be made available for follow-up exchanges and requests for support. The list will be circulated to APEC economies to continue work in sustainable tourism and tourism disaster preparedness. 

Potential future projects fostering tourism SME growth and linkages between climate change, sustainable tourism, and disaster preparedness.

Project Overseers

Christina Gay is a policy analyst at the National Travel and Tourism Office of the U.S Department of Commerce and will act as Project Overseer and the primary point of contact for the project. Curt Cottle is a senior policy analyst at the National Travel and Tourism Office of the U.S Department of Commerce. Jennifer Aguinaga is Deputy Director for Policy and Planning at the National Travel and Tourism Office of the U.S. Department of Commerce. The project overseers are experienced project managers and have a sound appreciation of APEC as well as specific issues relating to the implementation of the APEC goals of promoting inclusive and sustainable growth.


Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

A firm with experience in the travel and tourism field will be contracted to conduct primary and secondary research, including conducting interviews with study participants (TWG members, private sector, international organizations). Duties will include scoping and design of the study, collection and analysis of data, publication of the findings, and follow-up with participants. 

No.

Specific Tasks

Hours

Rate

1

Scope of work: establish parameters of study

20 hours

2.5 days

@ $80/hour = 1600

2

Survey creation and dissemination: includes working with the project team to determine scope of survey, key indicators, and identifying key points of contact.

20 hours

2.5 days

6 hours@ $20/hour = $120 (survey dissemination and identifying points of contact)

14 hours@ $80/hr = $1,120 (scope of survey, key indicators)

3

Collecting Surveys and aggregating responses: includes creating a data set of relevant indicators, identifying common challenges, and key differences.

60 hours

7.5 days

16 hours @ $20 = $320 (collecting surveys)

44 hours @80/hour = $3,520 (aggregating responses)

4

Case Studies: Includes collecting case studies from interested economies, setting up interviews with interested economies and meeting with related experts on the project to gather successes, challenges, lessons learned, etc. 

Hours per case study: 40 hours

5 days

Up to 8 case studies: 40 x 8= 320 hours

40 days

320 @ $40/hour = $12,800

5

Research on Sea Level Rise: Includes consultations with experts on climate change, sea level rise, and extreme weather events. This also includes data collection on sea level rise and flooding across APEC economies to quantify risk. The contractor will reach out to technical experts to address gaps in available data, especially among rural communities. This includes virtual consultations with experts on the ground across APEC economies to build a robust dataset.

144 hours

18 days

@ $150/hour = $21,600

6

Drafting: This includes drafting an outline of the final report, the content for the report itself, and accounts for review and editing with POs and other experts. Drafting will also include graphic design and formatting.

80 hours

10 days

@ 80$hour = 6,400

7

Presentation and Virtual Event: Includes preparing presentation of findings, identifying and working with speakers, and facilitating the virtual event.

20 hours

2.5 days

@ $40/hour = 800

Total hours: 664

Total days= 83

APEC = $48,280

(for 40 page report)


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 5.0 
Created at 02/02/2022 17:40  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 05/04/2022 10:30  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search