Project Title

Study on the Use and Efficacy of Face Masks for Combating COVID-19 Transmission 

Project Year

2021   

Project Number

LSIF 01 2021 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

LSIF 01 2021 

Project Title

Study on the Use and Efficacy of Face Masks for Combating COVID-19 Transmission 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2021 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

43,400 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

43,400 

Sponsoring Forum

Life Sciences Innovation Forum (LSIF) 

Topics

Life Sciences 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Hong Kong, China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; China; Singapore 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2021 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2022 

Project Proponent Name 1

Yang Zhengbao 

Job Title 1

Dr and Assistant Professor 

Organization 1

Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(852) 34422308 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

zb.yang@city.edu.hk 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Yang Zhengbao 

Project Summary

This project is to combat the COVID-19 outbreak that has caused wide-ranging socioeconomic disruptions worldwide, especially in APEC members. It is widely recognized that one of the most effective ways to curb the virus spread is by wearing face masks. However, commonly used surgical masks are single-use and only offer limited protection, which causes limited effectiveness, shortage of masks, and waste treatment issues. 

The project is to assess the performance of different face masks in the market and the recently developed self-charging face masks, and further promote their use to effectively curb the virus spread. We will systematically evaluate different face masks, conduct a series of society surveys, organize a seminar and a 4-month study program. The data and study results will be shared with all APEC members and other international health bodies.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Contagious diseases continue to threaten human health and economic stability in the Asia-Pacific region. In the last 20 years, our society have experienced the outbreak of SARS in 2003, H1N1 Swine Flu in 2009 and COVID-19 happening now. According to the UN, the COVID-19 pandemic is the biggest challenge the world has faced since the Second World War, and it has caused the largest global recession in history. How to effectively combat COVID-19 and other infectious diseases is a critical problem to address.

Wearing face masks, suggested by the WHO, is an effective way to protect against coronavirus. However, due to the single-use feature, many economies especially developing ones suffer from a serious shortage of face masks. Millions of used masks also pose a critical challenge to waste treatment and human health. Furthermore, the most widely used surgical masks have a poor efficacy comparing with high-end respirator-level masks that are expensive and not user-friendly. To address these issues, self-charging and reusable face mask technology has been developed. Smart materials are used to generate charge directly from human breath motions and the electrostatic attraction mechanism is employed to trap small-size particles including bacteria and viruses. New face masks, which possess the advantages of high filtration efficiency, low pressure drop, long-term service life and low cost, will protect citizens from the current COVID-19 and further generate sustained benefits for protecting us from air pollution and other respiratory diseases. However, it is unknown if citizens would like to use the reusable self-charging face masks, and also other face masks. It is also not clear about the efficacy of different face masks in society. This project is thus to assess and promote the use and efficacy of single-use and reusable face masks. Other international health bodies such as the WHO and World Bank are also supporting the R&D of either protection devices or vaccines. This project will complement their efforts to combat the virus globally. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This proposed project belongs to the applied life science and meets the LSIF goal of making patient-focused products efficient, and easily available. The project aligns with “the APEC Life Sciences Innovation Forum Statement on COVID-19” and helps foster partnerships between government, industry, and academia aiming at enhancing the development of the life sciences innovations that save and improve lives. The project further supports “Innovation” and “Prevention, control and awareness”, two key factors of the Healthy Asia Pacific 2020 Roadmap. The project supports scientific and technological innovations in healthcare, and the new face masks including self-charging and reusable features will directly benefit all APEC members and citizens worldwide.

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will meet APEC’s capacity-building goals by focusing on improving people’s health conditions and social wellbeing, and attaining sustainable growth and equitable development in the Asia-Pacific region. All APEC member economies will benefit from this project, especially developing members. Members can participate in the project and employ the technologies presented in this project report within their economies to improve their local face-mask industry and healthcare condition. Capacity building activities mainly include seminar organization and a survey study,  where stakeholders from APEC economies can exchange information on face mask technology, policy and community use. The benefits of this project will be maximized and freely accessible to the whole society.

Objectives

The primary objective of this project is to combat the virus spread, e.g., COVID-19, by assessing and promoting the use and efficacy of face masks in society. Sub-goals include improving the use of engineering technology in public health; improving the overall performances of face masks; helping economic and social development and recovery; promoting technical innovations and collaborations.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:

·  This project meets with the ECOTECH Priority- “Human security”. The proposed project helps APEC members in developing innovative health systems and dealing with infectious diseases more efficiently.

· This project aligns with the “Healthy Asia-Pacific 2020 Initiative” which aims to achieve sustainable and high-performing health systems that will ensure people's health.

· This project closely aligns with the APEC Life Sciences Innovation Forum Statement on COVID-19 in June 2020, where it calls efforts and collaborations for fighting the epidemic. 

Alignment – Forum: This project aligns with the LSIF goal of “enabling Life Sciences Innovation”, and meets the LSIF Strategies Plan in 1 RESEARCH, to promote high-quality research in all areas of the life sciences.

This project also relates to key factors of the Healthy Asia Pacific 2020 Roadmap in (1) Continuing to advance unfinished health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in a manner that complements activities of the post-2015 development agenda, including de-stigmatization and equality (2) Strengthening health systems to support Universal Health Coverage, and providing the whole population with access to safe, effective, quality, affordable and sustainable primary health care; (3) Improving health emergency preparedness, surveillance, response and recovery systems for public health emergencies, including pandemic events and natural disasters.

This project also supports the goal of the Healthy Asia 2020 Roadmap Initiative and Health Working Group (HWG) 2021-2025 Strategy Plan to build sustainable health systems and provide continuous health management. By promoting new face masks with self-charging, low-cost and reusable characteristics, the society can combat coronavirus and other contagious diseases.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: This project includes three major stages. Output of each stage is briefly described as follows:

1)  1st Stage: Research Study and Report

In this stage, a literature study will be conducted. This is to systematically review the cutting-edge technology of face masks from the scientific aspect, and to in-depth analyze the use of different face masks from the community aspect. A community survery will also be conducted to obtain the first-hand information on use and efficacy of face mask in Hong Kong, China. Due to the COVID pandemic, many research papers have been published in the past year on either developing new face mask technologies or evaluating the efficacy of face masks in different regions. The reported data exist a large gap and sometimes contradictory results, which impede the development and use of face masks. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a systematic and in-depth review. Masks essentially operate on four filtration mechanisms, inertial impaction, interception, diffusion and electrostatic attraction, as summarized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), USA. The electrostatic attraction is regarded as the most effective way to trap ultra-fine particles including viruses. Many electrostatic attraction based face masks have been developed, but its real efficacy and use in community is still unclear. In this stage, different face mask designs will be analyzed such as  surgical face masks, N95 face masks, carbon-based face masks and electrostatic face masks in different aspects, including filtration efficiency, air permeability and anti-bacteria/antivirus performance. The report wil be 20 pages and it will include publications and resources from other APEC economies. 

2)  2nd Stage: Online Seminar

An online seminar will be organized that is free to the APEC economies (LSIF and others) and all participants. This will extend the impact of this study, inform the related policy makers, and promote the use of new face masks in society. 6-8 experts will be invited as keynote speakers to share their research and practice experiences related to face masks. Overall participants are expected to be over 100. The invited speakers will come from different economies and different backgrounds including academia, industry, government, and hospitals. Different APEC economies are invited to contribute as much as possible in the seminar, including as keynote speakers. Topics to be presented will include but not limited to new high-efficiency filtration technologies, low-cost fabrication, use and disposal, and practice in different economies. Via the seminar and discussions, it is expected that shortcomings (cost, duarablity, filtration efficiency, etc.) of new face mask technologies will be identified and recommendations on public health policy will be formed for promoting the use of face masks. The seminar will be host over 4 days with each session less than 3 hours. The seminar will start with a welcome ceremony. A morning session and an afternoon session will be included for each day. Each session will include speaker introduction, presentation and sharing from 1-2 speakers, Q&A and discussions between speakers and audience, and summary. A draft agenda for the 4-day online seminar provided below.  A post-event survey will be disseminated to seminar participants to collect feedback and assess the impact of the project on participants.

1st day

2nd day

3rd day

4th day

9:00

Registration

Welcome ceremony

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

A.    speakers and audience

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

B.    speakers and audience

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

C.    speakers and audience

10:00

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

speakers and audience

11:00

12:00

Lunch

13:00

14:00

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

speakers and audience

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

speakers and audience

Keynote address(es)

Q&A

Discussion between

speakers and audience

Summary

15:00

16:00

Closing ceremony

17:00

End of day

3)  3rd Stage: Final Report

The final stage includes the Final Report composition and efforts to disseminate the study results. A project website will be developed under self-funding for the information spreading. APEC economices will be invited to contribute relevant case studies and practice. The Final Report will comprise a detailed documentation, including the cover page, table of contents, introduction, literature review, survey results, analysis and discussions, graphical illustration, summary, recommendations, references, acknowledgements, and appendices. It will be over 40 pages. The Final Report will further include summary and analysis from Stage 1&2, and will be made on APEC’s website. The report will be prepared in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Branding Manual, and follows the APEC nomenclature rules. 

Outcomes:

1)  The research report of stage 1 will present a comprehensive view of the state-of-the-art face mask technologies and development trends, which is useful for both academia and industry. This will provide us better protection against the COVID-19 virus and its variants. Meanwhile, this will offer us a better preparedness to fight against potential infectious diseases in the future.  The analysis of the use of different face masks in different economies will serve as a reference for society management and policy marking. Furthermore the first-hand data and analysis from different groups including students and health workers are obtained. The study will also reflect the use and opinions The real feedback from end users are critical an valuable for the R&D of new face masks. Usually researchers develop new  masks based on testing data that, though shows the quantitive performance of a design in an well-defined lab environment, are short of the real feedback from different users in various environments. The data and analysis will thus be of great value to R&D, marketing and public health organizations.

2) The seminar documentation of Stage 2 will show the newest investigation results on face masks, including the industry status quo, low-cost fabrication, and public policies to promote the use of face masks. This not only benefits the development of face masks but also raises public awareness and promotes the use of face masks.

3) The Final Report of Stage 3 will show all the study results. The report will show a systematic comparison of different face mask technologies from aspects of researchers, manufacturers, and end-users. This will serve as a valuable reference for other projects. The report will be of interest to governments, companies, and research institutes of APEC economies. It will promote technical collaborations and help to improve the use of engineering technology in public health.

4) Capacity building and Long-term impact. People-to-people capacity-building activities of this project include questionnaires, dialogues with policy makers, a seminar with health workers, researchers, and engineers of the face mask industry. It is estimated that over 100 people will participate in the project directly. The capacity building and knowledge gained by Seminar participants will be assessed by the post-event participant evaluation survey. The rich and in-depth capacity-building activities will greatly strengthen the skillsets and capacity of officials and other representatives of APEC economies.

The  outcomes will be evaluated against the indicators in Section Monitoring and evaluation. The PO will certify each items. The COVID-19 virus has caused severe social and economic problems worldwide. The technology assessed in this project will greatly help to protect citizens from the spread of COVID-19 and potential infectious respiratory diseases in the future. Therefore, the outcome of this project is far-reaching in a long term. 

Beneficiaries: The study will promote the use and efficacy of face masks. Primary target participants include students and citizens in the neighborhood, public health officials, local and regional epidemiologists, industry and researchers from different economies. APEC economies are welcomed to nominate event participants. Face  masks are used by everyone during the COVID pandemic. It is thus critical to inform the efficacy, use status and development trend of face masks to the public, not to a specific group.

A list of the main and direct beneficiaries of this project is as follows.

1) Students and the citizens in the neighborhood. They will be the first group of people to experience new face masks. They can directly participate in this survey and questionnaire. Their opinions will be analyzed in the Final Report and will serve as a reference for future development and the use of face masks.

2) Face mask industry. Upon approval from the APEC, companies can get this Final Report and study data for free. This will help them to reduce R&D costs and rapidly release new products that are really needed in the market.

3) Doctors and nurses in hospitals. They are more susceptible to COVID-19 and other contagious diseases since they need to communicate with patients directly. Therefore, the use of new face masks that showing better filtration efficacy, long lifespan and high wearing comfort will improve the safety of their working conditions.

4) Governments. The opinions and use conditions on face masks from the public are valuable information for policy makers. This project will provide first-hand data from different groups on the use and efficacy of face masks. The analysis report will serve as a reference for the related government departments to make more efficient policies to promote new technology development and public health practice.

5) Academic circle: Since the study results will be shared free to the public, other professors and academic staff will learn the status quo of new face mask technologies. Researchers in social science and public policy could also get access to first-hand data from the community survey. This can serve as a reference and base for their research related to science, engineering and public health.

The planned online seminar will try to invite participants from different mask-related backgrounds, including policymarkers from government agencies, researchers from private sector and academic institutions, face mask manufacuters/suppliers, and university students. Policymakers (e.g., people from the health ministry or the science and innovation ministry) are obliged to be responsible for public health and have the power to formulate a law, thus it is necessary and they are willing to learn about cutting-edge face mask technologies. Researchers and face mask manufacturers master face mask-related fundamental research and production experience, thus are critical technical advisors to policymakers. In addition, researchers and face mask manufacturers are willing to be involved in policy-making to promote their technologies. University students, on the one hand, are vulnerable groups to upper respiratory infection and require careful protection; on the other hand, they have basic knowledge in terms of physics, chemistry, materials, textile, and public health, thus a deeper understanding of the face mask technologies can be deemed as an internship program to apply their knowledge into the practical technical products. Overall, public health is the largest concern to the world. high-efficiency, low-cost and reusable face masks need to be developed; the effective use of face masks needs to be promoted in communities. This project will contribute to these and benefit public health.

Dissemination

The outputs of this project will be disseminated by the planned online seminar.  The Final Report, published as an APEC publication, will also be shared with other APEC fora. The target audience includes all citizens who are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, governments, research institutes and the face mask industry.  All data, processes and publications resulting from this project will be the sole property of APEC. We will ensure all final deliverables are copy-edited, endorsed and approved before publication. A post-event survey to participants will also be conducted after the seminar.

Gender

The project will contribute to promoting 2 out of 5 pillars of women’s economic empowerment, namely “Skills, Capacity Building, and Health” and “Innovation and technology”, through enhancing the participation of women in global and regional effort in harnessing new technologies to provide high-performance face masks and reduce medical wastes to the environment.

PO sets a percentage goal to be >30% for the rate of women participants that are included in the project. Women will participate in the project in all aspects. First, the research group will contain female students and research staff. They will directly get involved in the whole project process. Second, the seminar will have female speakers and audiences. Furthermore, women will participate in this project as volunteers. They will try the new face masks and provide their opinions on different face masks.

The degree of women's involvement, in terms of responsibility and numbers, will be evaluated objectively at the conclusion of the project. Of particular interest in this regard, apart from the number and qualifications of women experts in the project, will be their input to the analysis, and the consequences of their input for the project results and conclusions, both as far as gender is concerned and in general.

PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all participants (and not only the APEC funded) from the project event. The data will be included as part of the submission of the Completion Report to the Secretariat when the project completes and will serve to guide future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Targets

Female Participants (%)

30%

Female Speakers/Experts (%)

30%

Referring to the Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals in the Guidebook on APEC Projects, please tick the pillar or pillars that this project supports, in promoting women’s economic empowerment:

5 Pillars (you may tick more than one)

1

Access to Capital and Assets

2

Access to Markets

3

Skills, Capacity Building, and Health

4

Leadership, Voice and Agency

5

Innovation and Technology


Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

January to February 2022

Begin preparations for the procurement/contracting process

Identify potential contractors, including a main contractor and a second contractor to develop the self-funded project website

January to February 2022

Form a detailed implementation plan

Systematically review the cutting-edge technology of face masks from the scientific aspect.

Report on the new face mask technologies with assessment on fabrication, filtration efficiency, air permeability and anti-bacteria/antivirus performance.

February 2022

In-depth analyze the use of different face masks from the community aspect

Report on the use conditions of face masks in different regions.

1 April 2022

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report

APEC Project Monitoring Report

April – May 2022

A survey study on the use and efficacy of face masks

Start a second conctracting for the self-funded website development

Survey data and analysis report

June 2022

Preparation of the Online Seminar

6-8 Keynote speakers and topics

By June 30, a finalized general information will be completed and ready to share.

July 2022

Schedule the seminar time and content, invite participants.

Construct the self-funded website

A seminar schedule

A project website

August 2022

Implement the Online Seminar

An free online seminar event

September 2022

Conduct a post-event survey

Summarize the results and report to the APEC.

Presentation materials and seminar discussion analysis report

October – December 2022: Final Report and dissemination

Compose the final project report and  disseminate the project outcomes.

The Final Report will be submitted to the Secretariat no later than 1 November  2022 for review and thereafter to LSIF for endorsement

Endorsed Final Report, containing all information about the project.

It will be uploaded to the APEC website and accessible to all.

February 2023

Submit the APEC Project Completion Report  and supporting documents to the Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

June – December 2023

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects survey conducted by APEC Secretariat

Note that the project is an iterative process. The timeline may be changed according to the real needs in the project implementation.

Risks

1)  Risk - Failure to achieve gender balance.

How to manage: The concept of gender-inclusivity underpins this project and it is important to be addressed throughout the project. Project Overseer will ensure a gender balance in the research team for this project and ensure a high percentage of questionnaires from women. Concerns and suggestions from women will be incorporated in the face mask designs.

2) 
Risk – Low participation from the industry

How to manage: Hong Kong, China has a limited number of face mask manufacturers, and it is possible not many engineers can participate in this project. To gain more suggestions from the industry, we will extend our network to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, where millions of face masks are fabricated. The Food and Health Bureau of Hong Kong will further aligned to build more connections with the industry.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Outputs / Outcomes

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Outputs

1.   Online seminar

1. Contract executed

30 June 2022

Certification by PO

Contract

2. No. of experts engaged

6-8

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

3. No. of attending economies

≥3

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

4. No. of travel eligible economies

0

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

5. % of participating  women / men

≥30/70

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

6. Content developed and deployed

31 July. 2022

Certification by PO

Contract

2. Research Study and Report

7. No. of paper reviewed

≥50

Certification by PO

Completion Report

8. No. of participated students

≥50

Attendance List

Completion Report

9. No. of effective questionnaires received

≥100

survey List

Completion Report

10. % of participating women/men

≥30/70

Attendance List

Completion Report

11.No. of assessed performance parameters

≥5

Certification by PO

Completion Report

3.    Final Report

12. No. of pages

≥40

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

13. Submission to the Secretariat

1 Nov 2022

Submission to the Secretariat

Email to the Secretariat

Outcomes

1.  Willingness and practices in wearing a face mask

1. % of participants report substantial willingness increase

90%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

2.  Participants knowledge of the performance index of a face mask, including filtration effiency, pressure drop, and comfort, etc.

2. % of participants report substantial knowledge increase

75%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

3. developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase

25%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

4. women report substantial knowledge increase

33%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

Others

The degree of women's involvement, in terms of responsibility and numbers, will be evaluated objectively after the project. PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all participants (and not only the APEC funded) from the project event. The data will be included as part of the submission of the Completion Report to the Secretariat when the project completes.

Linkages

The City University of Hong Kong will lead this project. Other engaged groups include the Food and Health Bureau of Hong Kong, local hospitals, and manufacturers in Hong Kong and the Great Bay Area. Under the severe social-economic crisis caused by the COVID-19, it is urgent to fully understand the use and efficacy of different face masks. The project will engage and benefit multiple stakeholders including universities, hospitals, rest homes and industry.

The proposed research, complemented by the work of other international health bodies, will greatly improve our preparedness and ability against contagious diseases.

The project overseer confirms that there is no duplication of previous or ongoing APEC projects or projects funded by other organizations. This project is built on our many-year research on smart materials and structures at the Smart Transducers and Vibration laboratory at the City University of Hong Kong. Sufficient preliminary R&D has been conducted and the feasibility of the proposed methods has been experimentally validated.

APEC is the best source of funds for this project because this project meets APEC’s capacity-building goals by focusing on improving people’s health conditions and social wellbeing. The COVID-19 virus has been threatening human health and economic stability in the Asia-Pacific region for about two years and effective measures for combating COVID-19 and other contagious diseases are urgently needed. The proposed research will greatly improve our preparedness and ability against contagious diseases in the APEC region. Additionally, this project will provide a comprehensive review of reusable face mask technologies that will help greatly to reduce face mask wastes and benefit the local and global environment.

Sustainability

The project will deliver long-term impacts on APEC economies. The survey study, the seminar materials and Project Final Report will be published on the APEC website to enhance APEC economies’ capacity with a view to developing new face mask technologies, promoting face mask use in communities, reducing face mask wastes, and adopting innovation and technology applications in public health. The diversified background of speakers and participants will form a cooperative network for information exchange on face masks against infectious respiratory diseases. To further extend the impact of this project after completion, we will attend industry exhibitions, conferences or seminars organized by the APEC committee, universities and governments to exhibit the project results.

Project Overseers

Dr. Zhengbao YANG will be the leading project overseer. He received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Toronto in 2016 and his bachelor’s degree from the Harbin Institute of Technology in 2012. He is currently an assistant professor in the department of mechanical engineering at the City University of Hong Kong and the director of the Smart Transducers and Vibration Laboratory (STVL). His research interests are Vibration and Mechatronics with a special focus on the development of smart structures and dynamical systems for energy harvesters, sensors, and filters. He has published over 60 academic papers and applied for over 10 patents in the related areas. Dr. Yang has rich experience in managing research projects. He is the principal investigator for 8 projects from Canada, Hong Kong, Mainland China, and several private companies. For this project, he will lead his research group and work closely with the local institutes and the Food and Health Bureau of Hong Kong. The Research Office, Finance Office and Human Resource Office at the City University of Hong Kong will work on the project monitoring, auditing, budgeting, and research staff management.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

No.

Specific Tasks

No. of Hours

Hourly Rate (US$)

Total Amount (US$)

1.             

An assistant for the administrative/clerical tasks for the whole project. 2 hours per day for 12 months. Specifically, the assistant will work on

a)     invite volunteers for the community survey and corresponding liaison responsibilities,

b)     assistant to organize the online seminar (schedule the seminar time and content, contact the speakers/experts, and cloud meeting platform management [start and close the online meeting session, audio & video testing, seminar registration, assist in sharing the PowerPoint, and collect the Seminar data including the actual number of participants, Q&A, and discussion record]),

c)     invite participates for the post-event survey and corresponding liaison responsibilities,

d)     edit, print out, and collect the questionnaires,

e)     and statistically count the survey results for subsequent analysis that will be conducted by PO’s organisation.

250

20

5,000

2.             

Systematically review the cutting-edge technology of face masks from the scientific aspect. The main concerns will be the filtration efficiency, pressure drop, protection duration, and anti-bacterial/virus performance, leveraging the new materials and/or fabrication technologies. Comparison and evaluation will be included. In-depth analyze the use of different face masks from the community aspect. Write a report.

More than 10 types of face masks will be  assessed based on the experimental and theoretical results reported in the literature. Assessment indicators include filtration efficiency, air permeability and anti-bacterial/virus performance using standard testing methods (i.e., ASTM, ISO). The page number of the report will be 20.

200

(Task 2 and 3 combined)

80

16,000

3

A suvey study on the use and efficacy of face masks. Questionaire design (approx. 20 hours) and data analysis (analyze the overall user-friendliness, i.e., comfort level, filtration efficiency, air permeability and anti-bacterial/virus performance, based on the statistical results conducted by the assistant [see 1st row of this form]). Details of the survey study is in Stage 1, Section B, 4, Outputs.

3.             

Seminar coordination (i.e., supervise overall procedures during the Seminar), participants invitation and management (100 participants to be invited, which will cost approx. 20 hours), discussion organization (facilitation of discussions at the Seminar. The preparation work will cost approx. 10 hours), data analysis (based on the collected seminar data conducted by the assistant; see 1st row of this form) and post-event report writing.

50

80

4,000

4.             

Information gathering, results evaluation, recommendations drafting, Final report writing (40 pages; systematic comparison of different face mask technologies based on literature review and community survey, newest investigation results on face masks, and long-term impact of this project will be included, 25 hours will be allocated to each part)

80

80

6,400

Total:

580

31,400


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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