Project Title

Achieving Harmonisation of a Biometric ID Management Framework across APEC Economies 

Project Year

2021   

Project Number

DESG 03 2021A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

DESG 03 2021A 

Project Title

Achieving Harmonisation of a Biometric ID Management Framework across APEC Economies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Digital Innovation 

Project Year

2021 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

181,256 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

181,256 

Sponsoring Forum

Digital Economy Steering Group (DESG) 

Topics

Digital Economy 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Korea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2021 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2022 

Project Proponent Name 1

Kyuha Paik 

Job Title 1

Assistant Director 

Organization 1

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(82-44) 2014372 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

kanepaik@korea.kr 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Kyuha Paik 

Project Summary

Prior to COVID-19, several identity management projects aimed at facilitating paperless cross-border air travel were being planned or implemented in line with International Air Transport Association (IATA)’s One ID concept among APEC economies. However, solutions adopted independently by APEC economies often lacked harmonization and interoperability, decreasing the benefits of end-to-end seamlessness, efficiency, and security. Since then, the COVID-19 crisis has reinforced the need of a frictionless and interoperable process that minimizes disease-spreading physical touchpoints and smoothen passenger journey, so as to facilitate air travel recovery. This situation presents an opportunity to harmonize solution planning and rollout across APEC economies. The project aims to: (i) Assess the current level of Biometric ID awareness, understanding, and maturity among APEC economies by conducting interviews; (ii) Learn from non-APEC implementations by conducting global benchmarks; and (iii), Provide a practical guideline on Biometric ID adoption for harmonization across all APEC economies. The project is expected to last 15 months.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Over the past decade, limited airport physical infrastructure and enhanced security requirements have resulted in a complicated and at times unpleasant passenger experience. The increasing air travel demand has worsened this situation. Individual stakeholders, such as airlines, border control, customs and screening authorities in different economies, have designed their processes around their own obligations and requirements, with little or no coordination between them. This has resulted in repetitive processes for the passenger, such as having to present travel tokens (boarding passes, passports, etc.) to many different stakeholders for different purposes across the end-to-end passenger experience. This is inefficient and not sustainable in the long-term. The 2020 Covid-19 pandemic and industry crisis has shown the urgent need to provide a contactless, safe and seamless airport experience to passengers. Biometric ID aims to contribute to this purpose in a post-COVID world.

On top of the COVID-19 crisis, inconsistent standards in planning and implementation of paperless travel have threatened innovation efforts to enhance cross-border activities. The project seeks to focus on the following benefits: (1) “Seamless” – Eliminate repetitive processes by reducing the number of passenger touchpoints. Queuing lengths and time can be reduced, and time saved may potentially translate into tourism revenue for APEC economies e.g., increase dwell time in town. (2) “Efficient” – Airport staff productivity can be improved by reducing time spent on manual ID checks. Smart queuing can also be implemented as Biometric ID provides real-time visibility of passengers' whereabouts. (3) “Secure” – Biometric ID reduces false identity usage, combating human trafficking and other cross-border criminal activities. Also, Biometric ID enables risk-based assessment and differentiated handling at border checkpoints, improving overall border/aviation/airport infrastructure security for APEC economies. (4) “Safe” – Safer travel can be achieved by promoting a touchless experience across all journey touchpoints, so as to minimize physical interaction among people which may promote cross-contamination of infectious diseases such as COVID-19. Also, Biometric ID can help with information exchange (e.g., health/travel history) in a secure manner with government agencies and travel providers across multiple APEC economies. Overall, the implementation of biometric ID management involves the use of a trusted, digital identity, biometric recognition technology and a collaborative identity management platform. It will be supported by the development of a trust framework among the different stakeholders across the APEC region.

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities:

Eligibility: The project supports the Sub-fund by supporting capacity building needs for APEC developing economies. The project will also support six of the Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap's 11 focus areas. By identifying secured Biometric ID to move passengers through cross-border processes, the project helps to “Promote innovation/adoption of enabling technologies/services”, and “Enhance trust/security ICTs”. Also, system coordination between industry stakeholders and governments will “Promote Interoperability”, “Develop holistic government policy”, and “Promote coherence/cooperation of regulatory approaches”. Lastly, a harmonized Biometric ID solution will “Enhance inclusiveness of Internet and Digital Economy”.

Funding priorities: Harmonization of the Biometric ID process is a powerful force for more inclusive and integrated growth, as existing gaps between member economies can be recognized, before a robust roadmap with interoperable solutions can be adopted. Since the future of cross-border travel is biometric driven, Biometric ID promotes sustainable growth by eliminating paper-based travel.

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project seeks to promote harmonization and interoperability in Biometric ID processes for APEC member economies, allowing them to reap the benefits of seamless, efficient, secure, and safe end-to-end border experience in the following manner. Firstly, common challenges among APEC members can be identified, and the level of awareness and maturity of Biometric ID implementation can be assessed. It is crucial to raise the awareness of Biometric ID process for developing member economies (such as Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam etc.) which are in the nascent stages of cross-border identity management. This will ensure that the developing member economies are able to obtain, strengthen, and develop knowledge, abilities, skills and technical know-how to improve their relevant policies and regulations. Secondly, member economics will be empowered with the knowledge of Biometric ID successes and challenges in non-APEC implementations and relevant global standards, so that innovative and cost-effective Biometric ID processes can be developed. Lastly, a set of consistent and suitable lowest-common denominators/tradeoffs required for regional adoption across all member economies can be identified, before providing the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook. The guidance provided will be collaborative, inclusive, transparent, such that harmonized and interoperable solutions that suit the respective maturity and needs of each member economy can be design and initiated.

Objectives

Cooperation on a regional level among industry and government stakeholders is needed to establish a common vision and roadmap for robust and efficient identity management across the passenger process. In this regard, APEC economies can play a leading role in developing a harmonized and interoperable Biometric ID solution. To assist APEC economies, this project aims to:

a)  Raise awareness and obtain support of Biometric ID process among APEC economies;

b)  Learn from global implementations to drive success of Biometric ID within APEC economies;

c) Provide a practical guideline on Biometric ID adoption for harmonization across all APEC economies.

Alignment

Alignment – APEC:  Digitalization, and innovative policymaking to sustain a robust digital economy, was the clear message from the 2020 annual APEC “Leaders Week” meetings. In the “APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040”, Innovation and Digitalization was one of three core pillars of the Vision. For all cross-border related matters, the Biometric ID project is expected to help to strengthen digital infrastructure, accelerate digital transformation, narrow the digital divide, as well as cooperate on facilitating the flow of data and strengthening consumer and business trust in digital transactions, in line with the APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap and the APEC Privacy Framework. This is also in line with the APEC 2021 policy priorities #3 – Pursuing innovation and a digitally enabled recovery by accelerating the APEC region’s work in these areas.

Alignment – Forum: Under the “2018 APEC Action Agenda for the Digital Economy”, APEC Leaders welcomed the creation of the Digital Economy Steering Group (DESG) which consists of three key commitments, including the implementation of the “APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap”. The project outputs will support six of the 11 key focus areas stated in the “APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap”, namely:

a) Promotion of Interoperability – Based on the assessments from a regional maturity assessment, a set of consistent and suitable lowest-common denominators/tradeoffs required for regional Biometric ID adoption across all member economies will be identified, so that relevant Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook can be crafted subsequently.

b) Enhancing inclusiveness of Internet and Digital Economy – Assessments from the regional maturity assessment will help to identify common Biometric ID challenges, needs, and opportunities among both APEC developing and developed members, so that no member is left behind.

c) Promoting coherence and cooperation of regulatory approaches affecting the Internet and Digital Economy – Assessments from the regional maturity assessment will help to identify regulatory differences among the APEC members, so that coherence can be advocated subsequently in the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook.

d) Promoting innovation and adoption of enabling technologies and services
This will be achieved by the Global Benchmarking Study Report in identifying and investigating cases of Biometric ID successes and challenges in other past and current implementations, and adopt the key lessons learnt and success factors to APEC member economies.

e) Development of holistic government policy frameworks for the Internet and Digital Economy – The collaborative framework and Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook developed will ensure that views and needs from APEC economies and airports/airlines/agencies are captured, so that holistic government policy frameworks can be developed effectively.

f) Enhancing trust and security in the use of ICTs – As Biometric ID is one of the most effective solutions in reducing the threat of identity theft, its widespread adoption following the release of the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook will result in overall enhancement in trust and security of ICTs usage.

Lastly, the project will also involve the DESG regularly in key project updates and stakeholder engagement.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1) Global Benchmarking Study Report (August 20221) of  approx. 80-100 pages and/or slides

a. Interviews with representative sample of airports/airlines/agencies between December 2021 – February 2022 on:

i. Biometric ID management successes and challenges in past and current implementations

ii. Common challenges, themes, lessons learned, key success factors, and best practices

iii.  Contextualization of findings for APEC members, referencing global standards such as International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)’s Digital Travel Credentials (DTC) and IATA’s One-ID

iv. Examples of interviewee selection include relevant departments/ personnel from Civil Aviation Authority of the sponsoring economies such as Australia, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Thailand; leading airport operators that have successful experience in implementing biometric ID management measures such as Tokyo Narita Airport, London Heathrow (non-APEC) etc. The above-mentioned suggestion is subject to change.

b.  Interviews with a select of APEC members between December 2021 – May 2022 on:

i. Level of awareness, understanding, and buy-in for the Biometric ID concept

ii. Urgency, progress, and maturity of implementation and planning among APEC members through a defined maturity level framework – This framework will be developed after the research listed under 1a.

c. Delivery of Global Benchmarking Study Report (August 2022) containing the findings for above topics

A tentative Table of Contents[1] for the Global Benchmarking Study report is as follows,

a)  Cover page

b)  Introduction

c) Drivers of using biometric ID to facilitate air passengers’ movements

d)  Touchpoints (end-to-end passenger air travel journey)

e)  Requirements, issues and challenges

f) Biometric ID management applications in aviation (by type and region)

g) Emerging standards, trends and technologies

h) Maturity definition

i)  Regional maturity assessment

j)  Conclusions

2) Biometric ID Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook (September 2022) of approximately 80-100 pages and/or slides

a) Definition of collaborative framework for APEC members between June 2022 – July 2022, which consists of the following key topics:

i) A collaborative framework for APEC members on suitable lowest-common denominators and tradeoffs required for regional adoption

b) Delivery of Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook that is applicable for the airport industry among APEC economies between August 2022 – September 2022

A tentative Table of Contents[2] for the Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook is as follows,

a)  Cover page

b)  Introduction

c)  Overall concept and principles

d)  Biometric ID management framework

e)  Critical success factors

f)  Appendix - Standards and best practices

3) Webinar (September 2022)

Running of a webinar in September 2022(tentatively targeted ONE virtual webinar)

The tentative webinar arrangement[3] is as follows:

Agenda

a)  Key findings of the Global Benchmarking Study

b) Introduction to the Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook

c)   Q&A

Presenter(s): Experts from the appointed project contractor

Duration: Up to THREE (3) hours

Format and Structure

a)  Virtual (on-line webinar)

b)  We aim to break the webinar into three topical sessions including:

i.   Global benchmarking study findings presentation (45 mins followed by a 15 mins break)

ii.  Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook presentation and introduction (45 mins followed by a 15 mins break)

iii. Interactive discussions for all participants to share examples, obstacles, and successes of implementing biometric ID management at airports in their respective economies to further enhance the understanding of the research. The discussion will also cover how to convert the learnings into practical implementation going forward.

Date: September 2022

Number of webinars: One (1)

Note1:

·   Assuming the project kicks off in December 2021.

·  Dates presented are subject to change, depending on project’s initiation.

Outcomes: The project outcomes are:

a) Increase in understanding of the common challenges faced in the aviation and in particular at airports among APEC member economies that Biometric ID can address (e.g., level of service, capacity, efficiency, security, trust, etc.) are identified and compiled.

b) Improved level of awareness, understanding, and buy-in of the Biometric ID concept as well as its implementation in the aviation industry among APEC member economies are assessed and compiled.

c) Established awareness of the evaluated urgency, progress, and maturity of the Biometric ID implementation and planning across APEC member economies.

d)  Established knowledge base of relevant successes and challenges in Biometric ID implementation, as well as common themes, lessons learned, key success factors, and best practices in past and current implementations.

e) Identified best practices and use cases of the past and current implementation which are contextualized and made relevant and applicable to implementation within APEC.

f)  Suitable lowest-common denominators and tradeoffs required for regional adoption are identified.

g)  Effective forums and channels for Biometric ID collaboration and study outputs sharing among APEC member economies are identified and suggested.

In summary, through the project findings, APEC economies will be able to learn from best practices of biometric ID management in particular at airports where cross-border travels occur. The best practice guideline will also be able to steer policy making direction of biometric ID application in the aviation industry across APEC economies. Ultimately, participating APEC economies will be able to achieve a more harmonized and interoperable travel identity management environment that is in line with ICAO’s Digital Travel Credentials (DTC) and IATA’s One-ID initiatives.

The ultimate vision of this study is to involve the use of a trusted, digital identity, biometric recognition technology and a collaborative identity management platform. The study result will encourage through knowledge and evidence the development of a trust framework among the different stakeholders across participating APEC economies.

Beneficiaries: 

Direct Beneficiaries: 
The direct project participants are as follows:

a) Representative/ participating APEC members including policy makers (technical department head level) relevant to cross-border processes such as Civil Aviation Authorities and Immigration Bureaus.

b) Airports/airlines/agencies that have significant presence in the APEC economies.

c) The project will also receive input from DESG and other appropriate sub-fora, such as TPTWG, on the selection criteria.

Users of the outputs are as follows:

a) Once the findings of biometric ID management maturity and benchmarking study endorsed by DESG, they will become key input to the development of biometric ID management guidebook. The knowledge and a practical guideline will be shared across APEC economies through Webinars More specifically,

i. A collaborative framework for APEC members on suitable lowest-common denominators and tradeoffs required for regional adoption.

ii.  Details on the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook.

b) APEC members including policy makers relevant to cross-border processes will be invited to the Biometric ID Implementation Webinars to gain understanding of the project outputs.

Long-Term or Indirect Beneficiaries:

a) When the project is completed, policy makers relevant to cross-border processes from the APEC member economies will be able to immediately leverage the guidance provided in the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook to plan their own roll-outs or upgrades of biometric-enhanced processes.

Travelers/passengers, industry staff, and policymakers involved in the cross-border activities within APEC are expected to reap the benefits of seamless, efficient, secure, and safe end-to-end border experience from the enhanced harmonization and interoperability in Biometric ID processes among APEC member economies.


[1] Tentative and is subject to change

[2] Tentative only and is subject to change

[3] Tentative only and is subject to change.


Dissemination

Results and/or outputs of the project will be produced electronically in PDF format, distributed and communicated via webinars to the APEC member economies (target audience), including policy makers relevant to cross-border processes.

The outputs to be disseminated as APEC Publication will include,

a) Global Benchmarking Study Report of  approx. 80-100 pages and/or slides

b) Biometric ID Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook of approx. 80-100 pages and/or slides

The target audience may include:

a) Airport authorities/ operators, CAA, airlines and immigration bureaus

The dissemination channels will include,

a)  Downloadable documents

b) Webinars (please refer to Section 9, Work Plan - Project output engagements)

Gender

During the identification of representative sample of APEC members, as well as interview scheduling and preparation, for both Global Benchmarking Study including a regional maturity assessment, the project will target for at least 30% female interview participants to ensure that women and women’s perspective are included. The Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook presented in the Biometric ID Implementation Webinars and will then incorporate feedback from both genders during the interviews, while ensuring that guidance provided focuses on the longer-term outcomes of both women and men. The Biometrics ID Implementation Webinars, which is part of the Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook, will also target for at least 30% female participants.

The project outcomes and objectives outcomes are expected to bring about the following benefits for women:

a) Ensure gender balanced representation and participation in the project activities and decision-making processes by incorporating female participation targets.

b)  Enhance gender equality by considering the differences in situations of women and men (according to age, economy, region, ethnic/social origin, or other factors) when designing and evaluating policies and programs.

c)  Ensure equal opportunity for women and men in the management and implementation of Biometric ID solutions.

PO is committed to collecting sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

                  Targets

Female Participants (%)

At least 30%*

Female Speakers/Experts (%)

At least 30%*

*Subjected to manpower availability during actual interview and project delivery.


Referring to the Guide on Gender Criteria for APEC Project Proposals in the Guidebook on APEC Projects, please tick the pillar or pillars that this project supports, in promoting women’s economic empowerment:

5 Pillars (you may tick more than one)

1

Access to Capital and Assets

2

Access to Markets

3

Skills, Capacity Building, and Health

4

Leadership, Voice and Agency

5

Innovation and Technology


Work Plan

Time

Tasks and support tasks (M indicates Month)

Deliverables

December 2021-February 2022

Procurement and Contracting of Project Contractor

Timeline indicated took reference from content presented in “RFP Timeline Document in “Project Overseer Toolkit”. PO will reference closely to the procurement steps required by APEC.

Contract signed

March 2022

Project initiation

1)     Through conference calls, involve PO, DESG, other appropriate sub-fora, such as TPTWG, and co-sponsoring economies (if applicable) and Project Contractor.

2)     Project planning such as setting up of Project Management Office, formation of Steering Committee, organizing project logistics etc.

None

March-June 2022

Conduct a Global Benchmarking Study relevant to APEC on lessons learnt of Biometric ID implementation in the airport industry:

1)     M1 (March 2022): Conduct the ex-ante survey to capture the baseline awareness of the participating economies.

2)     M1-M2 (March-April 2022): Project Contractor identifies representative sample1 of airports/airlines/agencies, and conduct interview scheduling/preparation. Project Contractor also to analyze global standards such as ICAO’s Digital Travel Credentials (DTC) and IATA’s One-ID.

3)     M2-M3 (April-May 2022): Project Contractor conducts interviews with airports/airlines/agencies online.

4)     M3-M4 (May-June 2022): Project Contractor consolidates and presents findings in Global Benchmarking Study Report under PO’s supervision. .

Draft Global Benchmarking Study Report[1] including a regional maturity assessment

·      

April-June 2022

Conduct Regional Maturity Assessment on Biometric ID implementation among representative APEC members:

1)     M2 (April 2022): Project Contractor identifies representative sample[2] of APEC members, and conducts interview scheduling/preparation.

2)     M2-M3 (April-May 2022): Project Contractor interviews representative sample of APEC members online.

3)     M3-M4 (May-June 2022): Project Contractor conducts a Regional Maturity Assessment and feed the findings to the Global Benchmarking Study Report under PO’s supervision. The report will be submitted to the APEC Secretariat for review and approval and then circulated to DESG (see the next step).

1 April 2022

Monitoring Report

PO Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to the Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

July-August 2022

Submit the draft Global Benchmarking Study Report to the Secretariat for review and approval:

1)     1st July 2022: Targeted submission date for Global Benchmarking Study Report.

2)     M5-M6 (July-August 2022): The Secretariat reviews the Global Benchmarking Study Report.

Reviewed Global Benchmarking Study Report[3] including a regional maturity assessment

June-September 2022

Develop a Biometric ID Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook applicable for the airport industry among APEC economies:

1)     M4-M5 (June-July 2022): Project Contractor defines collaborative framework for APEC members under PO’s supervision.

2)     M6-M7 (August-September 2022): Project Contractor prepares incorporate collaborative framework into Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook applicable for the airport industry among APEC economies. The Roadmap and Guidebook are then circulated and endorsed by DESG after reviewed by the Secretariat.

Draft Biometrics ID Implementation Roadmap and Guidebook

September 2022

Webinar:

1)     M7 (early September 2022): Identify suitable forums and channels for Biometric ID collaboration and sharing of project outputs in September 2022.

2)     M7 (end September 2022): Conduct the ex-post survey to capture the awareness gain of the participating economies on the study.

Biometrics ID Implementation Webinars (draft findings*)

Note*: Reviewed and approved Final Reports will be made accessible online after APEC’s review.

November 2022

Submit the Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook to the Secretariat for review and approval

1)   1 November 2022: Targeted submission date for Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook

2)   M9 (November 2022): The Secretariat reviews the Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook

Reviewed Implementation Roadmap and Practical Guidebook

December 2022 + two months

Project completion

1)     M10 (December 2022): Project completion

2)     Within 2 months after the Project Completion Date (PCD) – February 2023: PO submit the APEC Project Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

6 to 12 months after Project Completion Date (PCD)

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat, as required by all APEC-funded projects

None

Ongoing throughout the project delivery, no later than 4 months in advance the event

Review the event format. Communicate the decision to the Program Director’ and inform on the activities necessary to make the changes, should the Workshop become entirely virtual.

Decision about the event format

Note: All interviews / webinars / workshops will be conducted remotely in view of the uncertainty for project participant travel in 2021/2022. Webinars will be recorded for note-taking by the PO.



[1] Please see Appendix A for a suggested Table of Content

[2] Examples of interviewee selection include relevant departments/ personnel from Civil Aviation Authority of the sponsoring economies such as Australia, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Thailand; leading airport operators that have successful experience in implementing biometric ID management measures such as Tokyo Narita Airport, London Heathrow (non-APEC) etc. The above-mentioned suggestion is subject to change.

[3] Please see Appendix A for a suggested Table of Content

Risks

1) Communication

a) Inefficient communication: Inefficient communication may arise during the project due to a large number of stakeholders involved. A communication plan will be put in place to identify the point-of-contact from the various stakeholders, as well as clearly define the chain of communication.

b) Remote working: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in movement restrictions being instituted globally and the cessation of work at many workplaces. Connectivity problems may therefore arise during video conferences/webinars, making it difficult to communicate effectively. This will be mitigated by sending the conferences/webinars materials in advance, while all video conferences/webinars will be recorded for future reference purposes.

2)  Stakeholders

a) Inaccurate expectations: Stakeholders might have inaccurate expectations of the project implementation and final outputs. For example, the interviewees (i.e., representative sample of APEC members and airports/airlines/agencies) might misunderstand expectations of them from the interviews. This risk will be mitigated by communicating the degree of each stakeholder’s required involvement during the project, as well as communicating clearly the expected project outputs. Interview questions may be sent in advance for interviewees to prepare in advance.

b)   Stakeholder action delays project: Involvement with stakeholders might be delayed due to various reasons, including COVID-19-related restrictions. Any project plan/schedule must be circulated to the stakeholders as soon as possible to secure their time, while constantly monitoring for potential delays.

c)  Lack of response to participation: There may be a risk of low response rate to the study when conducting the benchmarking and maturity assessment. When appointing the project contractor, we will make sure that it is a reputable and internationally recognized organization that have a global presence and connections so that the study has the direct and hassle free access to stakeholders. In addition, the PO will ensure stakeholder engagement as early as possible with simple and concise communications. What is more, the PO will stimulate discussions among participating economies. This is to keep a high level of interest and engagement.

3) External

a) COVID-19 pandemic: COVID-19 has revealed new project management challenges, such as global travel restrictions or prohibitions. Although the project progress and outputs are not expected to be severely affected by the pandemic, the PO will continue to remain vigilant and monitor for any potential impacts to the project. Another potential impact from COVID-19 is a possible shift in priorities for target stakeholders, as they may be obligated to increase efforts in areas which are crucial in curbing the COVID-19 pandemic.

4)  Implementation

a) Not applying the knowledge: This is the risk that member economies do not apply the knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project. To mitigate this, we will work closely with the project contractor to produce outputs that are practical and easy to implement with sufficient examples and use cases as references. In addition, we have allocated engagement activities to ensure the full understanding of the study outputs by member economies.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Output/ Outcome

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Output

Global Benchmarking Study

Extensiveness

Number of cases identified and covered

Number of the report downloads

15 airports/ airlines/ agencies across 8 economies

>100

Review of the output

Project Update

Milestone achievement

Completion Report

Challenges

Commonality of the identified challenges (number of APEC economies that share the common challenges)

N/A

Interview and survey of participating economies

Completion Report

Awareness

Increase of awareness (degree of awareness increase)

30% of awareness increase

Post study survey

Survey result

Maturity Assessment

Maturity level definition

Number of maturity levels defined

At least four

Review of the output

Project update

Milestone achievement

Completion Report

Practical Guidebook Development

Practicality

Number of the report downloads

Number of APEC economies implementing the recommendations

>100

3 APEC economies

Report downloads monitoring

Post project survey

Report downloads counting

Survey result

Webinars

Webinars conducted

Number of webinars

Number of attending APEC economies

Number of attending attendees

2   webinars

>5 APEC economies attending

>50 attendees for each webinar

Attendance counting

Webinar attendance

Project Management

Contracting

Signed contract

Within two weeks after appointing the contractor

Contract filing

Contract

Progress Monitoring

Regular progress update calls/ meetings (virtual)

Monthly progress update note

Progress update note filing

Progress update notes

Outcome

Level of Awareness gain

Increased awareness

Increased level of awareness

25% increase

Ex-ante and ex-post survey results comparison

Survey results comparison

Adoption of Biometric ID at airports

Recommen-dation adoption

Degree of adoptions of the Practical Roadmap and Guidebook

At least two economies start to explore the recommended measures in the Guidebook within two months after the Guidebook publication

Post study evaluation

PCD

Linkages

Engagement: Other APEC and non-APEC stakeholders will be engaged in the interviews at the fact-finding stage. This proposal will be the only project focusing solely on cross-border passenger activities. The project will receive input from DESG and other appropriate sub-fora, such as TPTWG, invite them to be involved in the project and to attend the engagement webinars, and receive input for the Completion Report.

Previous work: This project will ensure that its outcomes and outputs are referenced closely to global standards such as the ICAO’s Digital Travel Credentials and IATA’s One ID.

APEC’s comparative advantage: APEC is the best source of funds for this project as not only the project is aligned with APEC priorities, goals, strategies, and DESG’s work plan/ strategic plan, the project will be able to best ensure harmonization and interoperability in Biometric ID processes for both developing and developed member economies under APEC’s guidance.

Sustainability

The results and lessons from the project will first be communicated to the beneficiaries (as stated in Section 6) via webinars, so that the best practices and recommendations identified can be successfully adopted by the beneficiaries and other colleagues in their home economies. Then, beneficiaries will be encouraged to leverage on APEC as a platform, as well as the relationships (network) developed with other stakeholders, to conduct follow up meetings / workshops / symposiums.

After project completion, possible next steps to build on its outputs and outcomes include annual monitoring of the Biometric ID implementation roadmap progress via follow up / progress update workshops, organized jointly by the PO / co-sponsoring economies / other stakeholders. Global Biometrics ID standards (such as ICAO’s DTC and IATA’s One ID) will be closely monitored to ensure that the implementation road map reflects the latest requirements for Biometrics ID management.

Progress on the outcomes will be measured by the PO according to deviations from the developed implementation roadmap.

Project Overseers

KYUHA PAIK (Assistant Director) from Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT), Republic of Korea (ROK) will supervise the project. Mr. PAIK is in charge of International cooperation especially with aviation related organizations. Mr. PAIK has been working at various positions of the MOLIT, ROK since 2012. At MOLIT, Mr. PAIK served eight years as an Aviation Safety Inspector, one year in Aviation Security Division. 

The project will be directly awarded via contract to a qualified contractor with global credentials and experiences in setting standards for Biometrics ID in cross-border travel, and has past working experiences across a range of relevant stakeholders such as passengers, airlines, airports and governments.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Research and Analysis Tasks at $108/hour

Work Module

Tasks

Hours

Maturity Assessment

Define/prepare maturity assessment method.  This includes preparing a maturity model to rank the member economies based on their qualitative and quantitative adherence to the use of Biometrics ID in cross-border travel

64

Maturity Assessment

Conduct maturity assessment across APEC economies. This includes applying the maturity model to identify gaps to leading practices through interviews, observations, and surveys.

176

Maturity Assessment

Consolidate maturity assessment findings. This activity consists of normalizing the findings across the Member Economies and providing a comprehensive and harmonized view of their degree of adoption and preparedness in Biometrics ID in cross-border travel.

128

One ID benchmarking

Shortlist and select Biometrics ID best practice cases/ prepare for research. This activity consists in preparing a global benchmark of Biometrics ID usage in cross-border travel around the world, based on access to stakeholders and their willingness to contribute through interviews and surveys.

144

One ID benchmarking

Conduct One ID implementation and best practice research. This consists in conducting the research among the benchmark group of non-APEC members to assess global adoption and leading practices.

216

One ID benchmarking

Consolidate research findings. This activity consists of normalizing the findings across the benchmark group and providing a comprehensive and harmonized view of their degree of adoption and preparedness in Biometrics ID in cross-border travel

104

One ID benchmarking

Compile best practice findings. Extracts and summarizes the best practices from the benchmark.

24

Practical Guidebook

Develop implementation framework.  Build a framework that member economies can follow to implement Biometrics ID is cross-border travel

160

Practical Guidebook

Develop implementation guidebook. Write a detailed, actionable implementation guidebook that Member Economies can follow to implement Biometrics ID is cross-border travel.  

488

Administrative and Management Tasks at $40/hour

Final Workshop

Final Workshop.  Present the findings and guidebook

96

Project Management

Monitor the schedule and budget adherence, perform QA/QC, etc.

120



Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 9.0 
Created at 11/12/2021 22:41  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 20/04/2022 11:40  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search