Project Title

APEC Workshop on Promoting Social Enterprises for Inclusive Growth 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

SME 05 2020 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

SME 05 2020 

Project Title

APEC Workshop on Promoting Social Enterprises for Inclusive Growth 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

59,310 

Co-funding Amount

10,000 

Total Project Value

69,310 

Sponsoring Forum

Small and Medium Enterprises Working Group (SMEWG) 

Topics

Small and Medium Enterprises 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Indonesia; Japan; Philippines 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2021 

Expected Completion Date

30/06/2022 

Project Proponent Name 1

Pham Quynh Mai 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director General 

Organization 1

Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(84-24) 22205522 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Maipq@moit.gov.cn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Pham Quynh Mai 

Project Summary

In response to the APEC’s priorities in pursuing inclusive growth and shared prosperity, given the importance and great contributions of social enterprises to sustainable and inclusive economic and social development through poverty reduction, human development, productivity increase, job creation, innovation development, community development[1], the project “APEC Workshop on Promoting Social Enterprises for Inclusive Growth” aims to (i) exploring and addressing the challenges that social enterprises in APEC member economies are to face with; (ii) sharing experiences among experts, government officials, social enterprises’ representatives with views of promoting social enterprises; and (iii) making a set of recommendations for involved beneficiaries as well as exploring cooperation opportunities and network in APEC to promote social enterprises.

A 2-day workshop is scheduled to be organized by the end of 2021 in Viet Nam by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), Viet Nam.



[1] Kerstin Humberg, Linda Kleemann, 2014. Enhancing the contribution of social business to sustainable development. Retrieved from https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/dcr-2014-20-en.pdf?expires=1619489559&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=410F0653E1E49FDE4BDF2255E172781C

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Social enterprises have been facilitated and significantly grown both in scope and scale in many economies across the globe in the past time owing to its strengths in promoting “a novel strategy to solve social problems, create employment opportunities, ensure sustainable development, and alleviate poverty”[1] through the businesslike discipline. It is beneficial for all the economies since it helps boost sustainable economic development, address inclusive growth through creating jobs, redistributing income, hence narrowing the rich – poor gap in society. Given its potential contributions and developments in practice, social enterprises  is  of more attention a among APEC member economies.

In practice, they also face a great deal of challenges in various aspects such as legal, social, economic and governance that impede them from development. Since social enterprises aim at achieving social mission and more social benefits to the community while still be based on business model for profit and competition (Pomerants, 2003), their challenges are more than a conventional business that only focus on profit. Generally, there are not many concrete incentives specifically targeted at social enterprises from the Governments apart from incentives for SMEs if applicable. Social enterprises also encounter challenges such as lack of funding support, duality of mission, ability to scale up, lack of proper business strategy[2] among others.

In the APEC region, social enterprises are not prominent. It is recorded thate there are about 1,900 inclusive businesses operating in APEC economies, 61% of which are considered inclusive business activities and 24% of which are social enterprises initiatives[3]. The number of social enterprises might not be small but not large in investment size, estimated just about 2%[4],

In that sense, the project aims to making efforts in harnessing social enterprises through identifying  challenges, barriers that social enterprises encounter as well as  sharing experiences in how to address those various challenges, promote and develop social enterprises  from the perspectives of both regulators and enterprises themselves.  

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: The project seeks funding from the General Project Account (GPA) and aligns with the priority “Women, SMEs, and Inclusive Growth”.

From the perspective that “social enterprises may be seen as an emergent and important segment of the SME sector” and therefore, play significant roles in providing the needed stimulus for the development of SMEs[5], through focusing on social enterprises, the project will not only echo efforts to promote SMEs development but also inclusive growth in APEC member economies in ways that it helps to address social issues, bridging the social and economic gaps, addressing poverty among others.

The women aspect will be also highlighted to figure out the women contribution as well as needed support for women in social enterprises since it is known that women play a significant role in SMEs development in general, and potentially in social enterprises as well.

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project aims to provide capacity building for APEC member economies through sharing experiences and practices in promoting social enterprises from two main perspectives: (i) government and local authorities to regulate, manage and supervise social enterprises; and (ii) social enterprises themselves on how to startup, survive and develop.



[2] https://hotcubator.com.au/social-entrepreneurship/what-are-the-challenges-faced-by-social-enterprises/

[3] ADB, 2018. Inclusive business in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/431106/inclusive-business-asia-pacific-economic-cooperation.pdf

[4] ADB, 2018. Inclusive business in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. Retrieved from https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/431106/inclusive-business-asia-pacific-economic-cooperation.pdf

[5] Lanzona, Leonardo A. (2015) : Social enterprises and employment: Mainstreaming SMEs and employment creation, PIDS Discussion Paper Series, No. 2015-38, Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Makati City

Objectives

The project’s objective is to hold a workshop with aims of providing a platform for the government officials and social enterprises to share experiences, practices and views to address challenges and promote social enterprises to grow and develop. The project also aims to produce a set of recommendations for social enterprises to be more business competitive and efficient as well as explore further cooperation opportunities in APEC in promoting social enterprises for the sake of inclusive growth.


Alignment

Alignment - APEC: APEC 2020’s theme “Optimising Human Potential Towards a Future of Shared Prosperity” emphasises on the inclusive growth and the importance of a shared prosperity. The project would contribute to address the inclusive growth and ensure shared prosperity as APEC’s priorities in ways that  it explores how to support social enterprises to growth and develop and in return, how social enterprises could best contribute to harnessing opportunities for all segments in the economy especially those are  more vulnerable or disadvantaged in society through the business. 

Alignment – Forum: The SMEWG Strategic Plan Period 2017 – 2020 outlines that among the priorities, the SMEWG would also focus on developing inclusive business ecosystem that supports SME growth. The project would focus on social enterprises as an important component of SMEs and explore how to promote to develop inclusive ecosystem for SME in general, social enterprises in particular.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

Output

Description

A Hybrid Workshop

Given the current restrictions on international travel, a hybrid workshop will be held instead of a physical workshop except when there is other updates (notice will be given in 4 months in advance as recommendation from the APEC). 

The hybrid workshop is expected to take place in around March 2022 in Hanoi. 

APEC members economies representatives will be invited as speakers and participants of the workshop. In particular, those social enterprises, incubators, governments with good practice in social business will be invited to contribute and share experiences. 

Basically, the workshop will address the current status of inclusive business in APEC in general, social enterprises in APEC as a whole and individual APEC member economies; opportunities and challenges; experiences to promote from the perspectives of regulators/experts, and enterprises themselves; initiatives and practice from social enterprises incubators; perspectives from and on women economic empowerment; and a capacity building session that allow enterprises to exchange with experts for advice or recommendation. 

Workshop

Summary Report

Cover in full details what are shared, discussed at the workshop.

Cover the experiences, best practices or lessons learnt from the workshop.

Cover the conclusion and/or recommendations made by the experts and participants with views of promoting social enterprises, from perspectives of their individual economy as well as APEC as a whole.

Include a case study on a successful social enterprise within APEC member economies.

A case study on a Vietnamese social enterprises will be explored.

The summary report is expected to last about 30 – 40 pages.

The summary report includes all recommendations from speakers, participants, and experts, expected to include at 8 recommendations if possible.

Outcomes: After the workshop, the participants are expected to gain a more in-depth understanding of social enterprises, its current development, challenges and opportunities, as well as experiences how to harness internal and external factors to promote social enterprises development and growth. 

It is expected that following the workshop, APEC economies will pay more attention to promote social enterprises  through creating a favourable ecosystem and incubator for social enterprises to develop and growth.

It is also expected that apart from sharing experiences in promulgating policies and regulations to harness social enterprises, there will be actual changes related to increase in both quantity and quality of social enterprises in the APEC economies.  

To measure these, the participant will be asked to provide updates of their economies’ policies/regulations related to social SMEs as well as number of social enterprises at the upcoming SMEWG meetings within 1 year.

Beneficiaries: The project would focus on representatives from governments: legal experts, officials who are in charge of policy regulations and management. They will involve in sharing experiences in how the legal or governments can support and facilitate social enterprises. They might be from the departments of SMEs, inclusive business, labour or from the local authorities of APEC member economies’ states/cities who have policies to develop inclusive business and social enterprises. 

Representatives from social enterprises with both of success and failure stories to share experiences in how they succeed, what kind of challenges they face, and what support they need to promote their business as well as experiences in business management and development. Those in the areas of hospitality/tourism, agriculture or manufacturing will be focused. Business associations  will also be invited to take part in.

Dissemination

Hard copies will be provided to all the workshop's participants.  Electronic publication will also be used to disseminate the workshop's documents widely.  APEC's official website will be the main one to upload the documents.

The workshop’s summary report will be shared on APEC project data base, but not APEC publication.
Other Vietnamese Ministries’ websites (e.g.: Ministry of Industry and Trade) could also be used to disseminate the information with hyperlink to APEC website. 

A press release on the Workshop will be published on Vietnam’s media mass (Viet Nam News, Viet Nam News Agency, Economics Times, etc.,). It will also be sent to business associations, research centers, etc. to attract the attention to the event to encourage people to visit the documents online.

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

All the reports and related communication materials will comply with APEC Publications, IP and Logo Guidelines.

The workshop summary report will be published as APEC publication. It will be noted that personal data (name, gender, economy, social media handles, name of employer, etc.) of project participants (including speakers, experts and contractors) does not appear in any APEC Publication or APEC project report (such as Summary or Final Reports) produced in relation to this project.

Gender

Gender issue is seriously taken into account by the project proponent. Women are involved in the development of this proposal and both men and women will get equal opportunity to participate in the project implementation including in the process of preparatory stage, consultation and direct labours, etc. In addition, to address gender concerns and make sure that men and women are engaged efficiently in the workshop, the evaluation form delivered at the end of the workshop will include information on gender to aggregate for project assessment. 

Female participation as speakers or delegates to the workshop will be encouraged based on the highest efficiency of the project, therefore, the percentage of female speakers and participants will be decided at a later stage. However, the organizers will make sure that women are most encouraged and created favorable conditions to take part in and contribute to the workshop by disseminating information and invitation to as many women as possible. For example, invitations will be sent through APEC PPWE (Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy), female business associations of Viet Nam and APEC member economies if available to invite and draw their attention to the workshop.  

Female leaders will be prioritized to be invited as speakers to the workshop. Among other criteria such as expertise, experiences, contributions, female leaders from enterprises, SMEs associations will be prioritized to join and be funded to attend the workshop.  It will target to reach at least 30% of female participation in this project if efficient. The female speakers are also aimed at around 20 – 30%. 

This project will promote women economic empowerment with a focus on leadership, voice, and agency since “they are valued as contributors, professionals, and leaders in the private, not-for-profit, and public sectors” (APEC Guidebook, Appendix G). 

PO is committed to collecting sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets. This data will be used to assess compliance with the project’s gender targets at the conclusion of the project, with performance data shared with APEC members.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

May – June 2020

Develop the CN

CN

July 2020 – Apr

2021

Develop the full project proposal (PP) if approved.

Full Project Proposal

Oct 2021

Submit the APEC Project Monitoring Report

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Dec 2021

Submit to APEC Secretariat the final decision on the event format if there is any change related to the format of the workshop

Communication to PD about the final decision on the workshop format

Nov – Dec 2021

Develop the specific plan for organizing the hybrid workshop. Develop the draft agenda. Seek comments from the co-sponsor economies on the agenda

Draft organising plan

Draft Agenda

Dec 2021

Plan the organizing including selecting meeting venue, recruiting staffs necessary for the project.

Finalised organizing plan

Confirmed human resources

Dec 2021 - Jan 2022

Contracting Direct Labour

Complete contracts with Direct Labour (including signing between APEC & Contractor)

Jan - Feb 2022

Send invitation to relevant forum and economies for nomination of speakers and participants

Circular of General Information.

Nomination of speakers and participants

Apr 2022

Submit the APEC Project Monitoring Report

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Mar 2022

Implement the Workshop

Hybrid Workshop implemented

Mar - Apr 2022

Submit the Workshop Summary Report

Workshop Summary Report

Aug 2022

Submit the APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

Jun 2023

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation Survey of APEC Projects conducted by APEC Secretariat

Risks

One of the risks is to ensure a selection of good speakers in order to make the most of the workshop. The speakers should be, but not limited to, authority officials to represent government; representatives from business associations, social enterprises to raise voice of business sector; academics, experts from other relevant organizations, which aim to reflecting points of views from various perspectives. The Organizers will work closely with co-sponsoring economies to nominate and invite the most suitable speakers for the workshop. Invitations to speakers and participants will be delivered at least 2 months prior to the workshop to make sure that conflicts of engagement will be addressed. 

Another concern is to choose the right participants to the workshop. To make sure that right participants are nominated to attend the workshop, the Organizers will consult with co-sponsoring economies to set general criteria for participants. Participants should be government officials who are involved in the promulgation and implementation of economic policies especially those who are involved with SMEs and social enterprises. To ensure the results, invitations will be sent through different fora in APEC including SMEWG, PPWE and ABAC. For the host economy, the workshop is free open to business sector including business associations; apart from officials from the government and local authorities. 

Another risk is the low quality summary report. To ensure this, the consultant will be the key person to be in charge of developing the workshop summary report. He/she will have about two months to draft the workshop summary report, circulate the draft for comments among speakers and participants, send the draft to CTI for further comments to revise before have it endorsed.

Monitoring and Evaluation

All speakers and participants will be requested to provide feedback on the efficiency and outcomes of the Workshop whether the objectives are met, whether the information sharing is able to bring about changes after its completion and how. 

The evaluation is conducted right after the Workshop. 

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants and speakers to assess the effectiveness of the workshop. The evaluation will cover the substance and relevance of the workshop, the presentations by speakers, overall impact and recommendations for improvements and/or future activities. 

The following information will be collected to measure/assess progress and impact:

a) The first indicator to be used is to assess whether the workshop meets its set objectives. This can be assessed comparing what participants gain from the workshop (using evaluation form) and whether the workshop is able to produce practical recommendations to be submitted to relevant APEC committees/WGs/fora.

b) The second indicator can be whether the workshop has accommodated right participants and there have been representatives of both public and private sectors. It is expected that the balance between the public and private sectors ranges from 50% - 50% or 40% – 60%.

c) The third indicator can be the quality of speakers; this can be assessed by compiling comments of participants in the evaluation forms.

d) The fourth indicator relates to gender issue: How many female participants can attend and learn knowledge/experiences at the workshop and how many female speakers can come and share their expertise and experiences. It is expected to accommodate from at least 30% of female participants to attend the workshop. 

e) The fifth one is communication indicator in order to know how widely the workshop’s materials will be disseminated to interested groups in APEC: it is planned that presentations and documents of the workshop will be made available via the APEC Meeting Document Database. The PO will check with APEC Secretariat to make sure that the materials will be uploaded to the APEC AIMP; the PO will also be responsible for sending the workshop summary report to APEC’s relevant working groups. 

f) The participants are also expected to reveal the knowledge/experiences/best practices that the participants think new or might be appropriate to apply in their economy. 

g) Their recommendations: (i) how to spread the outcomes of the workshop to more relevant people; (ii) how to help promote application of the sharing of the workshop in member economies; (iii) other recommendations if relevant.

Summary Report should be submitted to APEC Secretariat before May 2022 and certified upon completion by the Secretariat.

Linkages

SMEWG will be the group which oversees this Project and will be responsible for disseminating information about the Workshop to APEC member economies. The outcomes of the Workshop will be submitted to SMEWG for consideration and further action.

The PPWE will also be consulted and called for cooperation during the development and implementation of this project given the fact that a majority of women are involved in SMEs development.

This project will build on the APEC agenda and initiatives on inclusive business and Corporate social responsibility (CSR), however, since it focuses on social enterprises, there is no much likelihood that it will overlap on previous inclusive and CSR projects previously.

Sustainability

Following the workshop, participants are expected to have more in-depth knowledge and experiences in how to develop social enterprises from the perspectives of: (i) promulgating and harnessing regulations; and (ii) managing social enterprises to improve competitiveness and efficiency.

To make sure that the workshop meets its objectives, the organizer will report to and seek approval from SMEWG for the recommendations in particular and the workshop summary report in general.  Based on the recommendations from member economies, the organizer will consider proposing new activities/initiatives to follow up the outcome of the project. Among those might include the initiative to promote social enterprise incubators in APEC member economies.

The Organizer also considers proposing the phase 2 of the project based on the participants’ recommendations. The networking will be used to review the implementation of recommendations.

Project Overseers

Ms. PHAM Quynh Mai has directly involved and contributed to the economic and trade integration of Viet Nam over the last 20 years. She has involved in APEC cooperation in the past years and served as Viet Nam SOM in 2015 and 2016; and Viet Nam Alternative SOM in last 2017. Ms Mai has been Viet Nam Senior Official to APEC since 2018.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to support 6 speakers in total for the 2-day Workshop.

Consultant: will work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; conduct researches, collect, analyse and synthesize data; develop curriculum for the Workshop; take notes; develop and finalize the summary report of the Workshop with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters(240 hours total), seek APEC Funding.

Scope of work

Unit (Hour)

Identifying and contacting venues and vendors  with adequate equipment and internet bandwith and to finalize agreement   

20

work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda (30 hours)

30

Drafting General Information

20

Take notes at the Workshop

10

work as a coordinator in all substantive matters such as coordinate the invitation of international and local speakers/ moderators/ participants, identifying back-up speakers for the event etc. (30 hours).

30

gather Workshop Attendance List to be included in the Completion Report, speakers’ and moderators’ CVs and biographies and non-member participant list (20 hours) 

20

prepare draft Evaluation Surveys for the project (30 hours) – the survey circulated to participants prior to the event is prepared by the Contractor

30

Workshop summary report (including revising and editing)

80

Total:

240


Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project as many speakers and participants are not able to attend the Workshop because of reimbursement.

Simultaneous interpretation

Vietnamese speakers and local participants are invited to the Workshop, many of them are not English speaking and not good at English.

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to cover the fees of simultaneous interpretation for the Workshop. Simultaneous interpretation is very important for this project since many Vietnamese are experts in the field, however, not many of them are English fluent.  The Organizer will prioritize to invite Vietnamese speakers with good command of English but cannot guarantee. The waiver is just for speakers who are not fluent in English speaking.

Budget Note 3: Honorarium

Please use one row for each speaker/expert you intend to fund:

Indicate Role:

·     Speaker?

·     Moderator?

·     Panelist?

·     Attendee?

Total Time Spent at the Event(s)

(in minutes)

Proposed Honorarium Rate

Additional Notes

Speakers

No of speakers (planned): 3

Each to have about 30 minutes for presentation plus time for Q&A and preparation before the event.

800 per person

Speakers cum Moderators

Number (planned): 3

For speaker, each to have about 30 minutes for presentation plus time for Q&A and preparation. If they take the roles as a moderator as well, it is expected to have about 1.5 hours at the session + about 24 hours to read the session’s presentations and prepare for the script and questions.

1,000 per person.


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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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