Project Title

APEC Workshop on Practices and Promotion of Circular Agriculture 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

ATC 02 2020A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

ATC 02 2020A 

Project Title

APEC Workshop on Practices and Promotion of Circular Agriculture 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

8,000 

Co-funding Amount

50,000 

Total Project Value

58,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG) 

Topics

Agriculture 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chinese Taipei 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; New Zealand; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2021 

Expected Completion Date

30/04/2022 

Project Proponent Name 1

Vincent Lin 

Job Title 1

Director General 

Organization 1

Department of International Affairs, Council of Agriculture 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(886-2) 23124677 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

vincent@mail.coa.gov.tw; tkwen@mail.coa.gov.tw 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Vincent Lin 

Project Summary

One of the priorities of APEC Malaysia hosting year is to foster more innovations that promote sustainability, from renewable energy to waste management and recycling or circular economy strategy. Circular agriculture, an integral part of the circular economy, is a way of agricultural production with inputs from recycling or renewable sources, applied with the highest precision, efficient use of resources, and without negative external impact. In other words, circular agriculture is a framework which aims to “close the loop” on agriculture. While there is no set path of how to achieve this goal, there are a multitude of approaches that could be taken to achieve this goal. It is thought that the practices of circular agriculture through the recycle and reuse of agricultural residues and byproducts could reduce production costs, bring added value and help protect against natural resource exhaustion. Circular agriculture approaches could also reduce GHGs emission and contribute to reductions in food loss and waste. 

It is well recognized that the APEC region is densely populated with a huge and increasing demand on food, but however, relatively deficient in sustainable use of natural resources. Therefore, circular agriculture could present an opportunity for APEC member economies to attain the sustainable food system. With this in mind, Chinese Taipei would like to conduct a survey on the development and practices of circular agriculture, including the early or anticipated impact and costs of various practices in the APEC region. In addition to the survey, a workshop would also be held in 2021 to explore the various ways APEC economies are trying to achieve circular economy outcomes and contribute to the sustainable development of the region.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: With a significant rise in the world population, accelerating urban changes, increased competition for natural resources, advancement of technologies, global warming and climate change, and numerous challenges produced by environmental change, the issue of sustainability is gaining urgency for APEC member economies. In addition, the APEC region is where most of the natural disasters in the world occur and is also the area most heavily affected by global climate change. How to adapt to climate change and mitigate its impact is one of the key issues in the development of the region as a whole as well as in individual APEC economy.

In this regard, the APEC leaders, in their 2017 declaration, underscore that APEC can play a key role in ensuring food security and sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and fishery of the APEC region and beyond, particularly in the context of climate change and rural-urban development; also in the meeting of 2017 High Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Response to Climate Change, economies expressed their consciousness on the region's natural resources are under stress from overconsumption, land and marine habitat degradation, fresh water scarcity and loss of biodiversity, and recognized that greater concerted efforts to foster the sustainable use and management of land, forests, water and marine resources are required and essential to food security, environmental protection, and sustainable development in the APEC region.

Circular agriculture can perfectly be a vehicle to carry out this goal. It is generally recognized that circular agriculture through the precision use of resource, as well as the recycle and reuse of agricultural residues and byproducts could reduce GHGs emission, thus ultimately making contribution to the mitigation of climate change. In addition, circular agriculture aims to “close the loop” on agricultural activities, and it is particularly a way of agriculture production with inputs from recycling or renewable sources, applied with the highest precision, efficient use of resources, and without negative external impact. It could not only reduce production costs and food loss and waste, improves the sustainable use of limited natural resources, brings added values to agricultural produce, but could also ensure the consolidation of a sustainable food system and long term food security.

It is important to note that circular agriculture is a goal with “no set blueprint on how to achieve it”. Chinese Taipei would therefore like to host an APEC workshop which could be useful in highlighting various approaches that are taken within the APEC region to try and achieve this goal. Moreover, this workshop will provide a good opportunity for participants to learn the latest progress and to evaluate feasible solutions for their own particular situations of applications of circular agriculture.

Before the workshop, Chinese Taipei would like to conduct a survey to collect APEC economies’ relevant policies and practices on enabling industry to undertake a circular agriculture approach, and the early or anticipated impacts and costs of the practices would also be included in the survey. With this survey, we expect to have a general understanding on the development of circular agriculture of APEC member economies by now, and the outcome of this survey will be very helpful for setting agenda and other arrangements of the workshop. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This Project aligns with the Malaysian host year theme of Driving Innovative Sustainability through Innovative Waste Management and Circular Economy.

Funding from the APEC support fund (ASF)–General Fund is sought for the “APEC Workshop on Practices and Promotion of Circular Agriculture”. This project particularly contributes to the priority for APEC Malaysia 2020, namely “Driving Innovative Sustainability”. The project also aligns with ASF funding priorities for 2020, namely the “Driving Innovation for Sustainable Growth”. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: Workshop participants will have the opportunity to be updated with the latest information on the development and challenges of circular agriculture, as well as its possible opportunities and solutions, from invited experts and speakers of both the public and private sectors.  In addition, participants are expected to share their own economies’ status and experience, and exchange views on utilizing circular agriculture related policies and regulations in local social and environment context, as well as to advance the application and effectiveness of circular agriculture collectively in the APEC region.

In this light, the project supports the APEC’s goals of capacity building, including attaining sustainable growth and equitable development in the Asia-Pacific region; improving the economic and social well-being of the people, and; deepening the spirit of community in the Asia Pacific which will be achieved via the capacity building programs at the Workshop.

Furthermore, the project follows the APEC’s operational principles for capacity building by 1) contributing to APEC goals and needs of enhancing food security and sustainable agriculture as well as building a shared and inclusive community; 2) disseminating knowledges and skills among APEC economies and beyond, and; 3) exchanging views/expertise of specialist, officials and regional actors in a consistent, transparent and inclusive manner.

Objectives

The overall objective of this project is to develop recommendations for policy settings and capacity building activities that address issues of improved access to the benefits of circular agriculture. Specifically, the project will contribute to the objective by:

1. Identifying barriers and opportunities being faced by APEC economies in promotion and application of circular agriculture;

2. Identifying areas that can be enhanced to build greater resilience and contribute to the promotion and application of circular agriculture in the APEC region; and

3. Developing recommendations on how to make policies to support circular agriculture.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project supports the following APEC goals and statements:

1)  the 25th APEC Leaders Declaration, paragraph 31, underscores that APEC can play a key role in ensuring food security and sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and fisheries in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond, particularly in the context of climate change and rural-urban development. Leaders also urge economies to work together to promote sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and fisheries to assess and reduce food loss and waste, agricultural productivity and resilience against climate change;

2)  the 25th APEC Leaders Declaration, paragraph 33, the APEC Leaders reaffirm commitment to promote sustainable management of natural resources and foster APEC cooperation on sustainable use and integrated management of land, forest, marine and water resources;

3)  the statement of 2017 High Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Response to Climate Change, economies are conscious that the region's natural resources are under stress from overconsumption, land and marine habitat degradation, fresh water scarcity and loss of biodiversity. Greater concerted efforts, including regional coordination, to foster sustainable use and management of land, forests, water and marine resources, are essential to both food security and environmental protection.

4) the priorities of APEC 2020: more inclusive economic participation through the digital economy and driving innovative sustainability;

5) the priority areas of ATCWG strategic plan 2021-2025–Fostering sustainable agriculture system– including conducting agricultural resources recycling and reuse; development of green energy; greenhouse gas reduction; environmental benefit assessment and economic value addition under the practices of circular agriculture, sustainable materials management, and other resource efficiency systems. 

Alignment – Forum: This project is in line with ATCWG’s strategic plan on adopting new tools of science to address agricultural production and distribution problems. It is also an expected outcome of the ATCWG 2021 Work Plan.

The project also contributes to PPFS’s long term goal–attaining a food system structure that provides lasting food security to Member Economies. Circular agriculture is a specific strategy to reduce nature resource loss and safeguard food security in response to the impact of climate change.

Furthermore, since this project is expected to include the applications of circular agriculture and fishery industry, it is therefore also in line with the OFWG’s mission to foster sustainable economic growth, development and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1) Participants will be required to complete a pre-workshop-evaluation-survey at the time of registration. This is to assist the project team in understanding the level of understanding and interests of all participants on circular agriculture, including their current policies, practices, or projects, if any. At the conclusion of the final day of the Workshop, participants will be required to complete and return a post-workshop-evaluation-form. In this form, each participant is encouraged to share their views and advice on the workshop’s impact and efficiency. Investigation of progressive evaluation throughout the Workshop will be conducted which may replace a single end-of-workshop form.

2) A virtual workshop will be held for economies to share their viewpoints on the application, challenges, promotion, and opportunities of circular agriculture. The detail presentation or slides of invited experts and speakers will be sent to economies in advance, and only a brief highlights will be given during the meeting. In addition, economies are encouraged to share their best practices on circular agriculture in the workshop by presentation or pre-recorded video. This virtual workshop will be a two-day event, with around 3 hours per day. A tentative program of the workshop is as follows:

Day 1:

a) Opening session

b) Keynote speech

c) Session 1: trends, prospects, and innovation of circular agriculture

 i. Sub-session 1: agriculture

 ii. Sub-session 2: aquaculture

 iii. Sub-session 3: animal husbandry and others

Day 2:

a) Session 2: information sharing – economies to share their policies and strategies on circular agriculture

b) Session 3: best practice of circular agricultural application/promotion in agriculture/fishery/animal husbandry/others

c)  Closing session

3) A project report (no more than 20 pages) will be published by APEC. The content of the project report will include: (1) recommendations identifying specific actions that can build economies’ own capability, (2) the trends, prospects, and the latest innovation of circular agriculture, (3) the summary/results of the survey will be a part of the annex of project report, (4) the suggestions and advice to economies who wish to replicate those best practices would also be included in the annex, and (5) all information sharing from economies will be included in the annex.

Outcomes: 

1) Enhanced awareness of the latest development and key challenges on the promotion and application of circular agriculture in the APEC region;

2) Enhanced knowledge of setting policy and practices that address issues of improved access to the benefits of circular agriculture.

After the workshop, the participants will be requested to take a questionnaire, which will be a part of the post-workshop-evaluation-form mentioned above, in order to understand how the level of their knowledge or awareness on circular agriculture is increased. Increase by 70% is the goal.

Beneficiaries: APEC economies’ policy makers, advisers, analysts, regulators, managers and directors would be the direct participants and users of the outputs of this project. They will become more knowledgeable on dealing with the challenges, application, and promotion of circular agriculture by learning other economies’ strategies and solutions from this project. Best practices and capacity building activities will be presented in the workshop for addressing the issues need to be aware of when making policies of applying and promoting the practices of circular agriculture. It is expected to be helpful for these participants.

Farmers would also be the key beneficiaries of this project, particularly those who are disadvantaged in adopting new technologies related to circular agriculture. They will benefit from this project through being well informed and prepared for adopting circular agriculture practices through engaging in this capacity building initiative. Although the workshop will be held virtually, it could remain inconvenient for them to attend the workshop directly. The e-version of the project report with full information on the project will be published by APEC, and it would be easily accessible for those who cannot attend the workshop directly.

Dissemination

A project report will be published after this workshop, which will include all the outputs, including the result of review, and recommendations concluded at the workshop as well as related documents. This report is expected to particularly address the things to be aware of when economies making policies of applying and promoting the practices of circular agriculture, for example the gender perspective.

The target audience of the project includes farmers, private sectors, policy makers, and researchers interested in deliberating and investigating emerging challenges of enhancing participation in food production, waste and loss reduction, as well as securing business opportunities through exploring the application of circular agriculture. The outputs of this project will be presented or distributed during regular APEC meetings (e.g., SOM, CTI, ATCWG, PPFS, OFWG, PPWE, ABAC and etc.) and will be disseminated by the private sector partners.

This project report is expected to be no more than 20 pages, including cover page, table of contents, introduction, topic-based summaries of presentation, conclusions and recommendations, result of review and survey after the event as well as the feedback of participants. The project report would be an electronic publication only. In addition, it will be published by APEC, for wider public access.

The project will record all the workshop sessions. The purpose is to assist with accurate note-taking only. The record file will be deleted after the completion of the project.

Gender

It is crucial to involve female perspectives in the project to ensure in-depth analysis, discussions among participants and pragmatic recommendations conducted at the workshop. With this in mind, economies would be encouraged to nominate at least 1 woman to attend the workshop, and the target participant rate of female speakers and participants of the workshop should be 40% at least.

To this end, the number of men and women taking part in the project will be registered to ensure both sexes will enjoy equal opportunities to participate in and benefit from the project. The PO is committed to collecting sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Regarding the 5 pillars of the Gender Criteria stated in the Guidebook of APEC project, the project is particularly addressing the pillar of Skills, Capacity Building and Innovation and Technology through the implementation of its outputs.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

Apr 2021 – Jul 2021

1.     Assemble implementation team

2.     Background study/Literature reviews

3.     Designing the survey/questionnaire

Questionnaire

Jul 2021 – Aug 2021

Releasing/collecting the questionnaire

Summary of Survey

Aug 2021 – Sep 2021

Workshop preparation:

1.     Identification of themes and activities

2.     Identification of speakers and participants from the private sector

3.     Event coordination including logistics

4.     General information circulation and invitation will be sent by the end of September 2021.

1.     Workshop agenda

2.     Participant lists

3.     Invitation and programs

1 Oct 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report (MR)

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Nov 2021 (TBD)

1.     A two-day event virtual meeting, 3 hours a day

2.     Consolidate a draft report summarizing findings and recommendations concluded in the workshop

1.     Workshop

2.     Draft report

1 Mar 2022

Submit Project Report to APEC Secretariat for review and thereafter to ATCWG for endorsement

Project Report

Feb 2022 – Mar 2022

Briefing on the outcome and finding of workshop at the ATCWG, PPFS, and other sub-fora in the margin of SOM

Presentation

30 Apr 2022

Project Completion Date (PCD)

30 Jun 2022

Submit APEC Project Completion Report (CR) and supporting documents to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

Jun 2022

Participate in the Long-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by APEC Secretariat

Risks

1)  Uncertainty caused by COVID-19 pandemic

The development of COVID-19 pandemic remains an uncertainty on implementing the project. So, the workshop will be held in a virtual format. Thanks for the remote participation technology, such as teleconferencing and remote presentations, it would be much easier for economies’ delegates and invited guests to attend the workshop than ever.

2)  Not sustaining project impact after the project completes

In order to avoid this possible risk, after concluding the workshop, we will share/report the conclusion in relevant APEC fora, such as ATCWG, PPFS, OFWG, and HLPDAB, to widely spread the contribution of this project. For those who are not participating in the project, they will have better chance to learn about the outcome of this project.

Monitoring and Evaluation

In order to evaluate and measure the proposed outcomes of this project have been achieved, feedback of participants, including policy makers, researchers, and other private sectors, will be collected for four dimensions, including the awareness of key challenges of circular agriculture, understanding on trends and contribution of circular agriculture, knowledge of method on promoting circular agriculture, and understanding of harnessing new technologies. If more than 70% of the participants give positive response in each dimension, the outcomes of this project should be deemed to be achieved.

Participants will be requested to answer an e-survey involving quantitative and qualitative questions about their comments to the workshop, and the result will be reflected in the Project Report to be submitted by March 2022. Quantitative Indicators to measure project’s outputs will include but not limited to: number of economies attend the workshop; number of male and female attendants in the workshop; level of satisfaction of the participants; number of economies reporting economic status and best practices. On the other hand, qualitative questions will review on impressive takeaways; future research and action ideas, and suggestions of individual and collective actions APEC economies may proceed.

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Outputs

1.   Workshop

1.   No. of experts engaged

18

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

2.   No. of attending economies

14

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

3.   No. of travel eligible economies

8

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

4.   % of participating men/women

60/40

Event Attendance List

Completion Report

5.   Content developed and deployed

30 Apr

2022

Certification by PO

Completion Report

2.   Project Report

6.   No. of pages

15-20

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

7.   Submission to the Secretariat

1 Mar 2022

Submission to the Secretariat

Email to the Secretariat

Outcomes

1.   Participants’ level of knowledge increase, including,

(1)    the awareness of key challenges of circular agriculture

(2)    the understanding on trends and contribution of circular agriculture

(3)    knowledge of the application on circular agriculture

(4)    understanding of harnessing new technologies

1.   % of participants report substantial knowledge increase

70%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

2.   developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase

70%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

3.   women report substantial knowledge increase

70%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report

2.   Recommendations made on how to make policies to support circulate agriculture

1.    No. of recommendations made

5

Included in the Project Report

Report to Working Group


Linkages

The idea of circular agriculture is still evolving. It is usually to be seen as an item or a way of sustainable agriculture. It is believed that the application of circular agriculture could resolve the problem of lack of natural resources and the negative impacts caused by climate change in most economies in the APEC region, and therefore may possibly reduce production costs and improve revenues of farmers.

There is no APEC projects really focus on the practices and promotions of circular agriculture undertaken by economies. This current project could therefore be seen as the very first one which is particularly taking this issue as the core.

This current project will focus on how to empower farmers/producers to improve their production under the impact of climate change through accessing circular agriculture, and to policy makers, this current project will provide sufficient recommendations and solutions for inspiring them.

At each stage of this project, consistency of approaches will be ensured, and collaboration between sub-fora, including ATCWG, PPFS, and OFWG will also be considered. This project will also identify areas of common interests to develop services related to circular agriculture.

Finally, this project also links well with increasing knowledge of circular agriculture for addressing the emerging challenges of climate change on food security. In this light it will contribute towards sustainable agriculture and aquaculture/fisheries sectors through developing sound policies, strategies and practices.

Sustainability

The results, recommendations, and conclusion of this project will share with APEC fora and sub-fora to seek a broader discussion among economies and to develop policies and tools for decision makers as well as beneficiaries from the public and private sectors. In this context, the project outputs will convey the public, private and political views of promoting circular agriculture and achieving food security in respond to the impacts of climate change through the following means:

1) Project Report: A project report will be published after this workshop, which will include all the results, recommendations, and conclusion of this project. It will be sent to the representatives of each APEC economy for their information and consideration. In addition, it will be published by APEC, for wider public access.

2)  Information sharing on website: After this project completed, the outcome, including key findings, best practices, recommendations, and etc., will be uploaded to the websites of APIP and FLOWs from which the users of public and private sectors can continue to retrieve related materials. In addition, with permission of the speakers and experts involved in this project, their contact information will be shared as well.

3)  Core Group: with the purpose of strengthening the connection and cooperation network after finalizing this project, PO and the participants of this workshop, including representatives of economies, speakers, experts, farmers, and stakeholders in supply chains, will be invited to attend the Core Group. The participants of Core Group are expected to continuously work closely to each other, share and learn experiences with each other, and solve problems on promoting circular agriculture together. If necessary, a visual meeting or video conference can be held.

4) Future events: we look forward to holding future events to continue our efforts, trace progress and stimulate more actions. The main activities of future events can be stock-taking and measuring the progress of economies reflecting the outcomes they learned from this workshop. Economies would also be invited to share their progress on promoting and applying circular agriculture and other achievement on sustainable agricultural production as well as safeguarding food security.

Project Overseers

Vincent Lin has been working in the Council of Agriculture for 2 decades. He is dedicated in promoting international cooperation on global food security and agricultural trade. His area of expertise includes managing international coordination and developing public policies on agricultural production and trade negotiations.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

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