Project Title

Maximising APEC SEN Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

TPT 03 2020A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

TPT 03 2020A 

Project Title

Maximising APEC SEN Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth (IERG) 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

96,000 

Co-funding Amount

312,300 

Total Project Value

408,300 

Sponsoring Forum

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Topics

Transportation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Korea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; China; Indonesia; Malaysia; Mexico; Philippines; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/04/2021 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Lee Jong Ho 

Job Title 1

Director of Seafarer Policy Division 

Organization 1

Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(82-44) 2005740 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

leejongh@korea.kr; secretariat@apec-sen.org 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Lee Jong Ho 

Project Summary

This project aims at facilitating APEC seafarers’ labor mobility with the aid of digital technology, which enables to maximize people-to-people connectivity across borders. 

To successfully attain this goal under the auspices of the APEC Economic Leaders Declarations and on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth, APEC Initiative of Cooperation to Promote Internet Economy and APEC Connectivity Blueprint 2015-2025, this project will conduct the following activities in a harmonized and coordinated fashion among APEC SEN member economies: 

·  Research on seafarers’ labor mobility across APEC region (March 2021 - September 2021)

·  The Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer (October 2021)

.  APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age with APEC SEN job fair (October 2021)

Relevance

Relevance – Region: As one of the most socially vulnerable groups, seafarers from 21 APEC economies, are not only an indispensable source of human capital for the global maritime industry, covering at least 56% of the world’s seafaring population (BIMCO, 2015), but also pivotal in providing support to their economies as a major industrial pillar, specifically in developing economies where the development of skills and enhancement of labor mobility of human resources is essential in creating sustainable and inclusive regional growth. APEC SEN has been established under TPTWG since 2019 for supporting seafarers’ career lifecycles ranging from maritime education and training, better welfares, and to recruitment, career development and job transition. The activities of APEC SEN includes, but are not limited to, carrying out seafarers-related projects that promote experience sharing, policy dialogue, capacity building and practical cooperation, which directly contribute to the goals and priorities of APEC, and primarily benefit developing economies.

In terms of seafarers’ cross labor mobility across APEC region, the lack of capacity building opportunities has been pointed out as one of the most critical challenges to tackle, not only for seafarers wishing to join an international shipping market that enables their
decent standard of living, but also for training institutions, shipping industry, and government sectors that are in need of the up-to-date information on employment trends and policy changes in the global shipping market by the means of research data, conferences, and policy dialogues. 

In this regard, the objective of this project is to enhance seafarers’ cross-border labor mobility by linking highly educated, well-qualified, and efficient maritime workforce across APEC region to global shipping industry. This will be attained by three systematic steps:  1) Research 2) The Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer 3) APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age (Virtual). The targets of the project are not only seafarers who are seeking a wide range of information on recruitment, career development and job transition in a more direct and engaging manner, but for other seafarers related bodies such as government, training institutions, and shipping companies who have responsibility of promoting seafarers’ labor mobility in terms of policy support, education, and employment, respectively. By the provision of capacity building and practical cooperation opportunities through the three stages mentioned above, in addition, the successful implementation of this project is highly expected to provide a multi-faceted economic and social benefit not only to major seafarer supplying economies (e.g. China; Indonesia; Malaysia; the Philippines; and Viet Nam) but also to the economies (e.g. Hong Kong China; China; Japan; Republic of Korea; and Singapore) that demand a steady supply of well-qualified seafaring manpower. 

The APEC Seafarers Excellence Network (APEC SEN) has been established with the unanimous support of APEC member economies at the 47th TPTWG Meeting in Vancouver, Canada. This project has been garnered support through a series of APEC SEN meetings since 2019, and the concept note was proposed to APEC by Republic of Korea and nine economies. APEC SEN Secretariat provides the services necessary for the coordination and facilitation of project. 

The relationships between APEC SEN and the project in terms of contents, audiences, and operational linkages are as follows: 

Contents: the capacity building on enhancing labor mobility for APEC seafarers

Audience: seafarers, shipping companies, and seafarers policy departments of maritime administrations

Operational linkage: conduct of research on increasing seafarers’ cross-labor mobility in APEC region, and the provision of webinar based on the research results. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project is exactly aligned with the Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth Fund, which has been clearly identified in the APEC Economic Leaders Meeting (AELM) Annex C of the 2014 Leaders’ Declaration for generating the promotion of practical cooperation, capacity building, policy dialogue and experience sharing in the areas of seafarers’ labor mobility, with the specific following rationales: 

a)  Paragraph 9) This project will enable an open and cooperative digital cross-border job-seeking environment across APEC region for one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged career group, or seafarers, working in frequent isolation, remote and harsh sea environments far from their homes. Among seafarers, the most targeted groups of this project will be youth and women wishing to start their career path at sea. In this perspective, research on seafarers’ labor mobility issues, the development of the digital platform for promoting their job entry, capacity building conference with job fair to exchange a dialogue on existing barriers and set the future directions of collaboration under the direct engagements of owners’ side, academia, and maritime administrations will be highly inevitable as a supporting tool of encouraging seafarers’ career entry and maintaining their sustainable growth

b) Paragraph 10) This project is highly oriented toward a more integrated, sustainable, inclusive and mutually favorable partnership (e.g. maritime administrations, shipping companies, crewing management private companies, and academia) through ocean-related cooperation across the Asia-Pacific region. Considering the fact that seafarers are at the core of marine human resources and the major driving force of the industry, the cooperation for their labor mobility is one of the most critical areas where mutual cooperation should be organized. As emphasized in the Blue Economy, actions to promote connectivity and communication among APEC members to facilitate the flow of goods, services, trade and investment is the key objective of this project through the use of cross labor mobility, digital technology and create sustainable people-to-people linkages across the APEC region. 

c)  Paragraph 21) As specified earlier, this is highly aligned with the pillar of inclusive support, which aims to strengthen cooperation on employment of seafarers, specifically putting its focuses on women and youths’ economic participation. By the active utilization of this digital platform will ultimately support the APEC Action Plan for Promoting Quality Employment and Strengthening People-to-People Connectivity through Human Resources (2015-2018), along the lines with the innovative development. 

Also aligned to the IERG Sub-Fund, this project will implement the APEC Initiative of Cooperation to Promote Internet Economy in the development of the digital structure set forth through the ad Hoc Steering Group created in 2017, Da Nang, Viet Nam. This project intends to prioritize specifically on 3 out of 11 focus areas in the roadmap: 

a)  N.2 Promotion of Interoperability) The implementation of this project will enable importance of interoperability in the internet and the Digital Economy. The applications on the digital platform will be used by all stakeholders (e.g. Government administrations, institutions, shipowners, seafarers) for job creation, educational development, and stakeholder input as defined through user needs. In turn, access via digital platform will increase social development, while providing local individuals with access to greater economies of scale and scope, through an open interconnected Internet on a non-discriminatory basis.

b) 
N.6 Promoting innovation and adoption of enabling technologies and services) This project will augment the enabling of digital technologies by facilitating research and development of job connecting platform, by defining stakeholders and users (e.g. Government administrations, institutions, shipowners, seafarers)  for the purposes of job creation and recruitment. 

c) N.10 Enhancing Inclusiveness of Internet and Digital Economy) This project aims to contribute to the development of ICT to provide inclusiveness laid out in the digital roadmap and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This project seeks to address the APEC region to ensure that no one is left behind both in terms of social and geographic perspectives in the field of seafarers’ job seeking and recruitment pathways. The use of mobile platforms will help to bridge the digital divide between and within economies, regions and groups while creating a space for capacity building in maritime education and training required for seafarers career building. By encouraging the use of this digital platform with the aims of providing better inclusion of ‘middle income trap earners’ specifically in terms of seafarers within APEC member economies, this will be expected to leverage the Internet and Digital Economy to improve seafarers’ living standards and unleash their potential through effective use of ICTs, which will ultimately contribute in inclusive human resource development in the APEC region. 

Last but not least, this also meets the Eligibility Criteria for Sub-Fund on IERG as follows: 

a)  Overcoming the Middle-income Trap) This project intends to address the priority on the ‘middle income trap’ under the APEC New Strategy for Structural Reform (ANSSR) and the report on Advancing the APEC Structural Reform Agenda Beyond 2015 to address the priority under the IERG Sub-Fund. The terminology ‘middle income trap’ was linked to the hypothesis that a substantial deceleration of growth is experienced once a certain or ‘middle’ income level is reached. To combat and address this priority, this project through the steady supply of highly qualified seafarers will be able to have easy, and open access to quality careers at sea via digital platform and create strong economic growth and sustainability which are highly indicative of addressing the middle income trap while addressing 3 of the 5 pillars of ANSSR on: 1) Promoting more open, well-functioning, transparent, and competitive markets; 2) Promoting labor market opportunities, training, and education; and 3) Promoting sustained SME development and enhanced opportunities for women and vulnerable populations.

b) 
Implementing APEC initiatives on Blue Economy Cooperation) This project is fully aligned with the Xiamen Declaration on the Blue Economy based on the Fourth APEC Ocean-Related Ministerial Meeting towards New Partnership through Ocean Cooperation in the Asia Pacific Region. This project reaffirm our strong support to take actions to promote connectivity and communication among APEC members to facilitate the flow of goods, services, trade and investment revolving around the maritime industry, recognizing seafarers as the key players of the global marine transaction, specifically in terms of job creation and recruitment. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: Under the theme of Maximizing APEC SEN Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age, this project will meet the capacity building goal of APEC effectively in both ways to: strengthen the knowledge, abilities, skills and behaviour of individuals directly and indirectly engaged in crewing industry (e.g. seafarers, ship owners, ship management companies, and crewing agencies) and further improving institutional structures and processes in terms of enhancing seafarers’ employability by identifying the gaps of competencies required by users (e.g. shipping industry) and providers (academia and maritime administrations). In this perspective, this project is expected to make a significant contribution to all APEC member economies, specifically for the participants targeted in this project as follows: 

·   Seafarers:

-  Will identify current and future recruitment trends of international shipping markets;

-  Explore career opportunities from international shipping companies from around the APEC region

-  Maximize potential to optimize career path with credentials in the job market

· Ship owners, ship management companies, and crewing agencies

-Maximize well qualified seafarers from a pool of credentialed applicants in the APEC region;

- Develop a systemized employment program of well-qualified seafarers on a continual and consistent basis;

-  Consistently provide input of emerging trends, and needs through a centralized platform;

·  Academia

- Identification of gaps between industrial expectations (e.g. ship owners, and crewing agencies), and the graduates of academia (e.g. maritime universities, and training institutions)

-  The opportunity of developing and improving maritime education and training programs in order to meet demands of industry, and therefore, increase employability of their graduates;

-  Enhanced connectivity between academia and industry by direct contact

·   Maritime administrations

-   Policy dialogue exchange on the seafarers’ job entry into the global shipping market, specifically for those economies where seafarers are at the major driving forces of the regional economic growth and their joining international market considered as pivotal;

Strengthening cooperation on the cross-labor mobility of seafarers across APEC regions by drawing practical actions, such as mutual recognition of Seafarers’ Certificate of Competency, for the enhancement of connectivity.

Objectives

This project aims at facilitating APEC seafarers’ labor mobility with the aid of digital technology, which enables to maximize people-to-people connectivity across borders. To successfully attain this objective, this project will conduct the following activities in a harmonized and coordinated fashion among APEC SEN member economies:

· Research on seafarers’ labor mobility across APEC region (March 2021 - September 2021)

· The Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer (October 2021)

·  APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age with APEC SEN job fair (November 2021)

Alignment

Alignment - APEC: The use of digital platforms and the increase of an ever-increasing and omnipresent digital economy will spur the need to keep up with quality human resource developments in the digital age by increasing workers employability, mobility and preparedness in response to current and future digital job market trends. This is particularly the case for the use of digital platforms under focus #6 Promoting innovation and adoption of enabling technologies and services of 2017 APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap: “Economies should take advantage of enabling digital technologies and the internet to promote innovation in products, services, processes, organizations and business models.”

This project will also add greater value to the upward mobility of seafarers across APEC economies in the digital age to come, which is further highlighted and responds to directions provided by APEC Leaders and Ministers in recent years:

“We will continue to promote an open economy in the Asia-Pacific that is responsive to rapidly changing economic conditions and that is conducive for increased investment and job creation.”

(2018 APEC Leaders’ Meeting) The Chair’s Era Kone Statement)

“We recognise the increasing benefits of the digital economy in all APEC economies whether in the form of internet connection and usage, government services, the growing number of businesses producing digital products and services, or trade in these products and services across borders.”

(2018 APEC Leaders’ Meeting) - The Chair’s Era Kone Statement

“We are committed to strengthening human resources development, including through education and life-long learning, technical and vocational education and training (TVET), and up- and re-skilling to increase workers’ employability, mobility and preparedness for the digital age; and ensure that active labor market policies can better match the needs of the labor market with various aspects of skills training and development. “

(2017 APEC Economic Leaders Meeting)

“We recognize that promoting quality employment and developing human resources is of significance for innovative development. We support the APEC Action Plan for Promoting Quality Employment and Strengthening People–to-People Connectivity through Human Resources (2015 - 2018).”

(2014 Leaders' Meeting Annex C) - APEC Accord on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth.

“Explore how ‘mobility’ may help facilitate economic activity and promote APEC goals. As mobile devices become more ubiquitous connection technologies will change how we experience the Internet and interact with an increasingly rich information environment”

(2014 APEC Ministerial Meeting) - APEC Initiative of Cooperation to Promote Internet Economy ANNEX F

In addition, this project will significantly contribute to provision of practical solutions for APEC Action Plan for Promoting Quality Employment and Strengthening People-to-People Connectivity through Human Resources (2015-2018), considering the fact that this project will pave the way for seafaring economies’ efforts in promoting cooperation to advance seafaring policy collaboration, recruitment procedures in a highly transparent and efficient manner, and people-to-people exchanges based on enhanced labor mobility.

Alignment – Forum: The project directly answers four of six TPTWG priorities that respond to the APEC Transportation Ministers, APEC Economic Leaders, and the outcomes of APEC Transportation Working Group meetings.

1)   Responding to new and emerging transport challenges

2)  Identifying opportunities to collaborate in maximizing the uptake, opportunities and benefits of technological developments and other innovations, and in mitigating any attendant challenges

3) Increasing the priority placed on transport safety, security, efficiency, and sustainability, while assisting in the development of comprehensive strategies for individual APEC Member Economies

4)  Implementing projects

The project directly answers five of six TPTWG objectives areas in the 2018-2020 Strategic Plan.

1) Deepened regional economic integration by promoting quality, seamlessly connected, accessible, sustainable, safe, and secure transport infrastructure and systems; and by leveraging Public-Private Partnerships, sharing best practices with remote areas, and pursuing socio-economic improvement.

2)  Enhanced liberalized, efficient, safe, resilient and secure flow of goods, people, services and capital in the APEC region through improving aviation, maritime, land, intermodal and mass transit transportation systems.

3)  Encouraged uptake and evaluation of technology development in the transportation sector through corresponding information exchange, and by complying with international standards to lead harmonious growth across the region.

4) Enriched human resource capacity to better enable each APEC Economy to achieve transport aspirations which will contribute to the APEC region’s future economic growth potential. Under this context, encourage more women’s activities in transport and more enforced measures against human trafficking.

5) Expanded connectivity of APEC’s three pillars (physical, institutional, and people-to-people connectivity) through cooperation with other international organizations as appropriate for better integrated economic flows and inclusive development.

This project directly aligns to the objectives in the MEG to promote an efficient, safe, secure and competitive operating environment for maritime transport. While specifically focusing on the aims and objectives of APEC SEN to seamlessly fulfill the demands of the current and emerging needs of the shipping industry and seafarers of the APEC region, by placing a strong emphasis on strengthening employability through strong online and offline networks to yield implementation of quality maritime education and training; attaining better welfare by providing collaborative supports; and career development and re-training for seafarers’ job transitions in the digital age. This project also aligns to two of four themes in MEG according to the TPTWG proposed work-plan for 2020: 1) Connectivity, 2) Capacity building of maritime workforce.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:  

Outputs: The project will consist of three primary outputs:

1)  
Research

Title: Maximizing APEC SEN Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age 

Date: June 2021 – October 2021

Researchers:

-  Research team (one lead researcher and two assistant researchers) responsible for the production of final report under the supervision of PO and PD)

- Regional researchers from 21 economies will be participated for investigating seafarers’ policy, the obstacles on labor mobility, seafarer-related regulations and relevant national education/training systems at domestic levels. They will collect data from maritime administrations, shipping companies (specifically in charge of seafarers’ cross-border recruitment issues) and academia, and conduct analysis as instructed by PO and the lead researcher. All of the data gathered and analyzed by local researchers will be combined and investigated in-depth under APEC umbrella to suggest a consolidated and harmonized future direction as a final report. The lead researcher is responsible for producing the final report under the close consultation with PO. In this process, three times of virtual webinar will be also conducted at the initial, mid, and final stages.

Methods
: The following methods will be applied and targeted for multi stakeholders in relevance to seafarers labor mobility (i.e. maritime administration, ship owners, crewing agency, academia, seafarers), through 6 virtual webinars illustrated below:

-  Documentation survey on seafarers’ policy on labor mobility of each economy

-  Focused group interview

-  Questionnaire survey for seafarers

Topics: The aim of the research will focus on the following topics, but not limited to:

- Current and future recruitment trend of international shipping markets;

- Identification of challenges and barriers in seafarer mobility in regards to policies in APEC economies (e.g. the status of mutual recognition of Seafarers’ Certificate of Competency between member economies, which directly affects seafarers’ cross-labor mobility across APEC regions);

-  Gap analysis between industrial expectations (e.g. ship owners, and crewing agencies), academia (e.g. maritime universities, and training institutions), and seafarers who are seeking a job in the global shipping industry, to addressing competencies in the modern-day seafarer

- Roles of maritime administrations to shape policies in a way to enhance seafarer mobility

-  Mutual collaborative actions that can be taken to address identified issues identified under APEC

Linkage with further activities of the project: the results of the research will be accommodated and reflected in the ‘The Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer’ and presented in ‘APEC SEN Capacity building conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age with APEC SEN job fair (November 2021).

2) 
The Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer

Title: APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer

Funding: Self-funding

Date: April 2021 - November 2021

Method: A webpage for this purpose will be created by self-funding targeted for multi-stakeholders in relevance to seafarers labour mobility (i.e. maritime administration, ship owners, crewing agency, academia, and seafarers), as illustrated below:

-  A wide range of open and transparent recruitment information for seafarers via digital platform will be established. The platform will include the following information, but is not limited to, mutual recognition of Certificate of Competency (or seafarers’ license) across economies, required qualifications, education and training for job entry, international standard wages and general welfare;

- ‘Existing APEC SEN website (www.sen.apec.org)’ and ‘Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility’ to be developed will be closely linked by creating additional tabs in the APEC SEN website, in order to maximize efficiencies. The costs for the development of the digital platform will be fully sponsored by Republic of Korea and, any further costs incurring for sustainable maintenance and development be covered by APEC SEN office at its own expenses.

3) APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age with job fair (Virtual):

Title: APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age

Date: November 2021 (Virtual)

Method: Multi-stakeholders in relevance to seafarers labor mobility (i.e. maritime administration, ship owners, crewing agency, academia, seafarers) will be invited to the conference, which will seek industry leaders from all stakeholders involved to present and highlight current and future trends, policies, and needs from the industry perspectives to further equip seafarers and industry representatives of trends and analysis of employment and career paths for enhanced seafarer labor mobility. The following topics will be the mainly dealt with:

-  Enhancement of seafarer's employability through capacity building in maritime education and training

- Identifying the key competencies of seafarers in terms of global capacity building

- The impact of capacity building on seafarer development and performance.

- Major elements of sustainable career development among seafarers

- Individual, industrial and economical barriers against seafarers’ labor mobility across APEC regions

- How to bridge the gaps / dissolve the barriers against mobility and set future directions of collaboration

- Mutual recognition of Seafarers’ Certificate of Competency between member economies

-  Women as current and future leaders in the maritime industry.

-  Factors on what will build on the capacity of policies for sustainable and competent seafarers in the industry 

4)  Final report

·  All of the outputs from Stage 1 to 4 illustrated above, will be combined into the Final Report. The provisional structure of the report will be:

-  (1) Research four chapters (Chapter 1. The Status of Seafarers’ Labor Mobility across APEC Regions; Chapter 2. Challenges and Obstacles at Individual, Industrial, and Economical Levels; Chapter 3. Breaking Barriers under APEC umbrella; and Ⅳ. Future Direction for Enhanced Labor Mobility 150 pages);

-  (2) summary report on the Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer (Self-funding)

-  (3) APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference with job fair (Virtual) will be distributed as an APEC publication after the completion of the project. 

-  (4) The pages of the research to be produced will be around 150 pages minimum (research only, excluding the report of the conference and online platform). The pages of the research to be produced will be around 150 pages minimum (research only, excluding the report of the conference and online platform), at least 660 working hours with 4 professional researchers (the original planned man-hours of 960 have been minimised to 660 that is at the marginal level of ensuring the quality of the final output), within the given period of 6 months.

Outcomes: 
Successful outcomes will be measured through building strong regional ties through the 3 phases: In each stage, maritime administrations, their training institutions, shipping companies inside and outside APEC regions, seafarers’ unions and individual seafarers will be invited.

Outcome

Impact

Change

Benefit

Seafarers

Sharing of employment opportunity and knowledge

Increased employment mobility of seafarers across APEC region

Expanding job opportunities beyond specific economies boarder.

Assisting seafarers with the provision of guidance to  be equipped with right qualifications

Providing accurate and sufficient information on job availability across borders by enhanced qualifications meeting international standards

Government

Accessible to accurate regulatory information, data on compatibility of certification among economies.

Providing accurate and transparent recruitment information in the international shipping market

Encouraging more competent human resources to engage in maritime industry

Joining of competent workforce either from domestically or internationally.

Academia

All information on recruitment service to be available in one online platform.

Able to predict rapidly changing maritime industry and its workforce

Able to provide more adequate education and training for cadets wishing to join shipping industry

Industry

Evermore competent maritime workforce regardless of their nationalities to be joined

Able to recruit competent human resources at an international standard

Allowing opportunities for local shipping companies to develop in international industry

Beneficiaries: Developing economies, particularly seafarers and governments dealing with seafarer policies within the APEC region will have equal opportunity to submit, exchange information and gather knowledge for a career lifelong learning under the project through the use of digital platform and the internet:

·  Shipowners will have the opportunity to supply input through research on the ideal candidates in the shipping industry by way of needs-based analysis. This in turn, will supply a consistent supply of highly qualified seafarers from the APEC region ‘tailor-made’ to the needs of the shipowners and the industry. The private sector will benefit from this work through increased opportunities to engage with governments.  This will increase transparency and better enable the private sector to contribute solutions and provide expert analysis and advice on proposed recommendations.

·   Academia and Institutions will benefit from the empirical data and best practices learned from research and contributions of the shipowner and relevant stakeholders in the industry through the identification of user needs. 

APEC economy members in relation to work streams in the APEC Seafarers Excellence Network (SEN) network will also be contacted to help provided recommendations for appropriate officials and representatives to participate in related research and follow through of this project. Officials and project proponents will benefit from the networking opportunities as well as the gathering of empirical data generated from research and best practices and recommendations that are distributed through workshops and intersessional meetings.

Dissemination

The final report will be covering all three stages under the project. This will be shared with the Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG), Human Resource Development Working Group (HRD-WG), Maritime Expert Group (TPT-WG-MEG), APEC Seafarers Excellence Network (APEC SEN) and relevant governmental and organizational bodies. The final report which includes research and capacity building conference summaries associated with this project will be publicly available in electronic copies and presented to the Secretariat in the English working language, and distributed and published as an APEC publication prepared in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Logo Guidelines. Reporting, and other written outputs associated with this project, will be publicly made available, and presented to the Secretariat in standard English.

Gender

The importance of women as current and future leaders in the maritime industry are indispensable as evidence mounts to show that equality for women means progress for all. This project will seek to incorporate and designate 30% of women speakers/experts and participants during the research process to address criteria on leadership, voice, and agency, through which women are valued as contributors, professionals, and leaders in the private, not-for-profit, and public sectors and Innovation and technology so women have the same opportunities as men to benefit from and participate in development and implementation of scientific advances and new technologies.

PO is committed to collecting sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project event.  This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Timeline

Tasks

Deliverables

22 Apr 2021

Contract: Proposal (RFP) drafted by PO

12 Apr 2021

Contract: Draft RFP reviewed by PD and PE

26 May 2021

Contract: Tender process opened and relevant procedures taken

19 May 2021

Contract: Period of tender

02 May 2021

Contract: Tender evaluation stage

16 May 2021

Contract: Recommendation endorsed by APEC

30 May 2021

Contract: Contract process with winning bidder

14 Jun 2021

Contract: Singed contract sent to PE and then to PO

26 Jun 2021

Contract: Commencement of Research

29 Jun 2021

Webinar:

first invitation process to be commenced

Jun 2021

Stage 1: Research

Invitations distributed for organizing research targeting for maritime policy professionals in 21 member  economy

Invitation to be sent to TPTWG, MEG, Maritime Administrations of each economy and to APEC SEN members

Jul 2021

Stage 1: Research

1-2) Commencement of agenda with selection of research team (Research team and regional researchers from 21 economies for investigating seafarers’ policy, labor mobility, seafarer-related regulations and national systems). The data will be collected from maritime administrations, seafarers, shipping companies (specifically in charge of seafarers’ cross-border recruitment issues) and academia.  

Background documentation research

Documentation and questionnaire survey (per economy)Focused group interview

Questionnaire survey

Aug 2021

Stage 1: Research

1-3) Virtual webinars (3 times over 6 months) among research team to produce output

Meeting agenda and minutes

Aug-Oct 2021

Stage 2: Digital platform

(Self-funding process by the Republic of Korea according to Korean domestic laws)

To be included in the final report

Aug 2021

Stage 3:  Webinar

Second invitation process with a detailed discussion topics and agendas to be distributed for wider engagement and outreach

Invitation with fixed programs and speakers

Oct 2021

Stage 3: Webinar

Final invitation

Invitation including final programs and activities

Oct 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report (MR)

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Oct 2021

Stage 3: Webinar

APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age

- Targets: seafarers, training institutions, shipping companies, and maritime administrations of each economy, and other seafarer-related bodies

Oct 2021

Stage 1: Research

1-4) Conclusion of research

To be included in the final report

1 Nov 2021

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the APEC Project Completion Report and Final Report all supporting documents to the Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report

Final Report

Feb 2022

Submission of the APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents to the Secretariat

Completion Report

Jun 2022

Participation in the Long-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat

Risks

Risk

Management Strategy

Inability to find suitable contractor

While contractor will be procured through APEC funds, the risk to finding suitable contractor has existed. After the submission of the first project proposal, however, a close discussion through three times of APEC SEN meetings, with more than six different contractors across APEC region have been actively conducted. Therefore, it is our strong judgement that an open bidding process will be processed without delays with suitable candidates for this project. Through a series of dialogues among APEC member economies, a strong commitment to participate the research will be also expressed. In this perspective, a matter of finding a suitable contractor and proceeding planned work maintaining expected quality will be proceeded as expected. 

Inability to find suitable location to host workshop, conference, job fair

As the presence of COVID-19 looms, determining the logistics and physical location of venues to host workshops and conferences pose challenges. The decision to go fully virtual has been made.

Inability to secure appropriate stakeholders

As stakeholders (are paramount to the successful outcomes of this project. PO’s will further reach out to relevant working groups and to seek concerted efforts to garner participants and interest.

Insufficient time to develop digital platform

Exploration of possible contractors in the development of digital platform has been actively sought as mentioned earlier both for enhancing efficiency while ensuring quality standard in the given time frame

Insufficient time to complete all proposed outputs

As proposed outputs are based on a rigid schedule, completion of outputs may be impeded by unforeseen circumstances. In the event outputs are due for delays, PO will assess and request for project extension after a close consultation with PD and in strictly accordance with APEC guideline.


Monitoring and Evaluation

Successful outcomes will be measured through building strong regional ties through the 3 phases: In each stage, maritime administrations of 21 economies, their training institutions, shipping companies inside and outside APEC regions, seafarers’ unions and individual seafarers will be invited.

Category

Evaluation Focus

Indicators

Target Goals

Evaluation Method

Reporting

Outputs

1.   Research

1.   Contract executed

-

Certification by PO

Contract

2.   No. of research experts engaged

4

Expert profiles with the tasks conducted by individual experts

Final report (Research Section)

3.   No. of attending economies

13

Attendance list of the online meeting on research review and monitoring

Completion report

4.   % of participating men/women

60/40

The list of researchers

Completion report

5.   Survey respondents

100

The results of the survey with statistics

Final report (Research Section)

6.   Research report

150 pages

Research content approved by PO

Final report

2.   Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross Labor Mobility

7.   No. of visitors to the platform

1000

Statistical results

Completion report

8.   No. of knowledge sharing and informational sections provided

5

Screen captures of the platform with the details

Both final and completion report

9.   No. of stakeholders involved (i.e. maritime administration, shipping companies/agency, training institutes)

30

List entities involved with the details of provided information

Both final and completion report

10. No. of gender equality contents

20

List of contents

Both final and completion report

3.   APEC SEN Capacity Building Conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age (with Job Fair)

11. N. of participants

150

Certification by PO

Email to the Secretariat

12. N. of speakers/panels/moderators

12

The list of participants

Completion report

13. % of participating men/women

30

The list of participants

Completion report

14. N. of information disseminated

20

The list of information with details

Completion report

15. Users’ satisfaction rate

3.5 (out of 5)

Survey results

Completion report

16. Evaluation feedback from stakeholders in terms of awareness raising and capacity-building

4 (out of 5)

Survey results

Completion report

Outcomes

1.   Seafarer’s and shipping industry

1.   Number of cadets or seafarers participated

250

Data collected

Both final and completion report

2.   Participants satisfaction and evaluation

3.5 out of 5

Survey results

2.   Maritime administrations and academia

3.   Implementation of international best practices by economies

2021 to 2022

Tracking economies six months after event

Report to Working Group

4.   Developing APEC economies report substantial knowledge increase

25%

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluations

Completion Report


Linkages

Describe the involvement of other APEC fora, and other relevant organizations:

As the only ongoing APEC project for seafarer human resources, this project will encourage active cross-fora activities both with relevant shipowners and ship companies, APEC HRD-WG and APEC SEN through conduction of co-research, with an invitation into the project, and sharing the results respectively with their working groups. It will also promote the active participation of relevant non-APEC entities, such as the IMO, ILO, ADB, and the ASEAN by encouraging their active engagements as speakers and presenters, and by accommodating their invaluable views and perspectives so that APEC SEN will be able to keep its original focus on seafarers while establishing its mission, goals and aims. In addition, stakeholders from APEC governments and academia will be involved in a similar manner.

APEC’s comparative advantage: Why is APEC the best sources of funds for this project?

The seafaring workforce will greatly be accentuated for the next three decades. The utilization of digital platform and the internet will be critical in reaching out to disadvantaged and developing economies, hence, bridging the gap from the digital divides. The emergence of autonomous vessels has been raised, with a view to urge a mutual cooperation on establishing a support system for our seafarers to proactively react to the rapid changes and further take this opportunity as another step of developing their career paths in the digital age with an in-depth knowledge and experiences that they have accumulated at sea. Intermediate and long-term response to these issues must be proactively sought given the dominance of seafaring workforce in the APEC region. This project will also look for future sustainment through identifying the gap of the modern seafarer through the identification of user needs (e.g. government administrations, shipowners, academia, and institutions). The successful outcomes of this project will heavily impact all stakeholders involved through sustainability, economic scale and equipping seafarers for the trends well into the future.

Sustainability

The outcomes of the project will be completed with the commencement of the APEC SEN Capacity building conference on Maximizing Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarers for the Digital Age. The continuation of this network will contribute to the sustained and scalable implementation year after year.  The POs will continue to provide updates, information, and best practices, for the harmonious continuation of supplying of well-qualified seafaring manpower within the APEC region. Continuous input will be sought from the network and relevant stakeholders to expand on the project where needed. The outcomes will be presented in relevant working groups particularly in the TPT-WG, HRD-WG, MEG, and APEC SEN. It is anticipated that similar projects will be development and implementation in subsequent years to follow up on relevant recommendations.


Project Overseers

The appointed Project Overseer will be Mr. Jong Ho Lee, the director of Seafarers Policy Division, and former head of sailor maritime safety division of Incheon Regional Office of Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. His duties are training of maritime labor/licensing of foreign sailors, management of seafarers’ welfare, and corresponding with international organizations and conventions regarding marine labor.  

A specialist for this project is Dr. Seung-Hee Choi, an assistant professor at the Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology, which is also the government maritime training institute of the Republic of Korea. Dr. Choi is an alumna of the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom where she earned her MA and PhD. 


Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Budget Items including Direct Labour

Hours

per person

Hourly

Rate

Sum

Refer

to

1

APEC

Lead consultant

1 person

560 hours

$ 80

$ 44,800

A

2

Assistant consultant

3 persons

100 hours

$ 60

$ 18,000

B

3

Speakers, panelist, and moderators

12 persons

(4 person/day)

$ 1,500

$ 18,000

C

4

Online Conference

1 Unit

$ 15,200

D

Sub-total

$ 96,000

5

Self

-funding

Project managers

(Each for research and platform/conference)

2 persons

2,080 hours

$ 20

$ 83,200

E

6

Short-term clerical

Assistant

3 persons

2,080 hours

$ 15

$ 93,600

F

7

Virtual Meeting  Platform (VMP) – Job fair (For continual purpose)

1 Unit

$ 45,000

G

Seafarers Recruitment Information Web

1.     1 Unit

$60,000

9

Promotion on digital

platform and conference

1 Unit

$ 10,000

10

Publication/distribution

of report

500 copies

$ 15

$ 7,500

11

Photocopying

13 months

$ 500

$ 6,500

12

Communications

(telephone, fax, mail, courier)

13 months

$ 500

$ 6,500

Sub-total

$ 312,300

TOTAL AMOUNT

$ 408,300

Budget Item A: Lead consultant

Task details

Hours

Hourly

rate

Sum

Output

A-1)

Conducting preliminary research on the project topics, designing the structure of the research report, and organizing an expert group

60 hours

$ 80

$ 4,800

Final report

A-2)

Commencement of the research with the existing barriers in the global international markets:

·      Lack of and/or access to digitalization

·      Lack of opportunities for quality education

·      Preparation for emergent technologies

·      Proper wages standardization

·      Proper Seafarer welfare

·      Mutual recognition of certifications

·      Lack of Seafarer opportunities in their respective career development and progression

200 hours

$ 80

$ 16,000

Final report

A-3)

Provide possible future directions (provisional draft) on the seafarers’ cross-labor mobility

150 hours

$ 80

$ 12,000

Final report

A-4)

Be provided with ideas, feedbacks, comments and thoughts from APEC member economies through online meetings, and update the report accordingly

100 hours

$ 80

$ 8,000

Final report

A-5)

Produce final report in a close consultation with PO, and seek an approval from APEC SEN member economies

50 hours

$ 80

$ 4,000

Final report

Budget Item B: Assistant consultant (3 persons)

Task details

Hours

N. of persons

Hourly

rate

Sum

Output

Refer to A-2 under the leadership of Lead Consultant

100 hours

3

$ 60

$ 18,000

Final report

Budget Item C: Speakers, panelists, and moderators

Task details

Hours

N. of persons

Honorarium

Sum

Output

Day 1)

2 panelists, 1 speakers, 1 moderator by APEC funding

(Others will be participated in the event without any honorariums (e.g. researchers, project overseers, APEC SEN expert group members)

6 hours/

one day/ per person

4

$ 1,500

$ 6,000

Final report

Day 1)

2 panelists, 1 speakers, 1 moderator by APEC funding

(Others will be participated in the event without any honorariums (e.g. researchers, project overseers, APEC SEN expert group members)

4

$ 1,500

$ 6,000

Final report

Day 3)

2 panelists, 1 speakers, 1 moderator by APEC funding

(Others will be participated in the event without any honorariums (e.g. researchers, project overseers, APEC SEN expert group members)

4

$ 1,500

$ 6,000

Final report


Budget Item D: Online Conference

Online webinar simultaneously accommodating more than 300 participants will be settled and provided for capacity building, group discussions, Q&A, panel discussions, surveys, and evaluations: Platform) $ 5,000/day X 3 days = $15,000; and Budgeting consultancy) $200

Budget Item E & F: Project managers and Short-term clerical assistant

Project managers for domestic administrations and APEC-wise cooperation have been hired and currently on duty. For the support of APEC wise research on cross-labor mobility and relevant administrative procedures supporting research, in addition, three clerical assistance staff are under recruitment. The evidence of monthly salary can be submitted at the end of the project, if requested.

Budget Item G:

The details of the items, the Establishment of APEC SEN Digital Platform for Cross-Border Labor Mobility of Seafarer, are illustrated in Monitoring and Evaluation Section. The estimates for the development vary from USD 60,000 to USD 100,000 according to the quality of the platform and its subsidiary functions. The further process can be started, once APEC gives final funding approval, which allows Republic of Korea to open a self-funding account for an actual implementation. The details will be reported and can be submitted to APEC with evidence at the end of the project, when requested.

Self-funding:

For the effective and efficient operation of this program, Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries

Technology (KIMFT) will hire two project organizers for the duration of the project.


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 4.0 
Created at 15/05/2021 19:08  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 21/07/2021 14:03  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
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