Project Title

Individual Action Plan (IAP) for the Enhancement for the Ratio of Women's Representation in Leadership: Final Review Study and Online Workshop 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

PPWE 03 2020A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

PPWE 03 2020A 

Project Title

Individual Action Plan (IAP) for the Enhancement for the Ratio of Women's Representation in Leadership: Final Review Study and Online Workshop 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Women and the Economy 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

85,000 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

85,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy (PPWE) 

Topics

Gender 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Chile; Indonesia; Malaysia; New Zealand; Peru; Philippines; Russia; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/02/2021 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Mai Kubota (wef 31 March 2022) 

Job Title 1

Official, APEC Division, Economic Affairs Bureau 

Organization 1

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(81-3) 55018342 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

mai.kubota@mofa.go.jp; apec.japan@mofa.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Mai Kubota 

Project Summary

Recognizing that increasing the participation of women in economic activities will serve as a catalyst to promote economic growth, Japan has launched the project “Individual Action Plan (IAP) for the Enhancement of the Ratio of Women’s Representation in Leadership” in 2015. As the project of IAP will be ending in the end of 2020, Japan aims to finalize the project of IAP, conduct the final review study and propose a workshop in 2021.This project will provide member economies opportunities to 1) show the progress of the IAP and how the ratio of women’s representation in leadership has changed in APEC economies, 2) gain an increased understanding of the barriers women face to take leadership positions in the workplace, 3) share good practices on actions taken both in the public and private sector to overcome such barriers, and 4) use the outcomes of the study to support continuous discussions for future capacity building initiatives. The project will also consider the emerging issues surrounding women’s advancement in the workplace that is affected by the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Women are important contributors to economic growth, and present the great potential for the society. Japan has proposed “The Individual Action Plan (IAP) for the Enhancement of the Ratio of Women’s Representation in Leadership” and has been promoting the project since 2015. These IAPs are all available at APEC website[1]. Women’s relatively low representation in leadership positions is a global issue. According to the report in 2018 by McKinsey Global Institute[2], seeing by worldwide view, slightly fewer than four women hold leadership positions to every ten men in business and politics. Speaking of the issue in Asia Pacific[3], there is only one woman in leadership positions for every four men. As for APEC region (by the IAPs) only, change in the average ratios took place in 13 economies with increase 10 economies (in the APEC region) based on the mid-term review study in 2017. IAPs which member economies have submitted on an annual basis show that the ratio of women’s representation in leadership has slowly but certainly been increasing. Another 3 years after mid-term review study would have passed in 2020, the final review study is expected to investigate further progress, which would have carried out and workshop will also be the chance to share good practices, and must promote another step for encouraging women’s empowerment. Through the final review study and a workshop, this project seeks to address issues of women’s relatively low representation in leadership positions. The project will also address the emerging issues surrounding women’s advancement in the workplace that is jeopardized by the impacts of the current COVID-19 pandemic as women shoulder much of the burden at home and also face higher risks of job losses.

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project address the Women and the Economy Sub-Fund priorities by improving the enabling environment for women’s economic participation through enhancement of women’s leadership.

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will provide APEC member economies opportunities to advance their understandings of the barriers that women face against taking leadership positions in the workplace, and learn the various successes and deficits presented by the precious experiences that APEC member economies have had, and lessons learned from both the public and private sectors on how to overcome the barriers. The project will also help member economies build capacity to better examine and identify the issues, allow to design and undertake effective policies that would enhance the ratio of women’s representation in leadership.

[1] https://www.apec.org/Groups/SOM-Steering-Committee-on-Economic-and-Technical-Cooperation/Working-Groups/Policy-Partnership-on-Women-and-the-Economy/PPWE-IAPs.

[2] “THE POWER OF PARITY: ADVANCING WOMEN’S EQUALITY IN ASIA PACIFIC” https://www.mckinsey.com/jp/~/media/mckinsey/locations/asia/japan/our%20insights/mgi_power-of-parity-asia-pacific_report_april-2018.ashx

[3] Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Objectives

The final review study provides opportunities to deepen participants’ knowledge and understanding of the fact in which area the proportion of women’s leader is low and what kind of barriers women face against advancing leadership positions. The workshop also provide the opportunity for continuous discussions for future capacity building initiatives to enhance women’s leadership, by sharing the good practices and challenges based on the findings of the study. Moreover this project support the La Serena Roadmap and one of its targets to “increase the region’s gender balance in leadership positions, closing the gap for women”. 



Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The project aligns with the APEC growth strategy. 2015 Leaders’ Declaration showed the commitment to advancing women’s full participation in the economy in concrete, actionable, and measureable ways, including through enhancement of women’s representation in leadership. 2018 Chair’s Statement, the importance of the economic empowerment of women and girls were emphasized, and in 2019, Chile set women’s economic empowerment as a priority for its host year and released “The La Serena Roadmap for Women and Inclusive Growth” that highlights region’s gender balance in leadership positions as one of its targets for APEC economies to pursue. The project contributes to women’s representation in leadership align with APEC’s goal to support the advancement of women in economy growth by providing APEC economies with knowledge sharing and capacity building opportunities.

Alignment – Forum: This project aligns with “leadership, voice and agency”, one of the five pillars of the Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy (PPWE)’s Strategic Plan 2019-2021. It also aligns with the La Serena Roadmap’s objective to “increase region’s gender balance in the leadership positions, closing the gap for women”.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

(1) Member economies’ IAPs, sharing details of the 2019 ratio of women’s representation in leadership as we as voluntary goals which that economy commits to work toward by the end of 2020, collected by the end of March 2020. 11 economies have submitted their IAP as of October 2020, and their inputs will be incorporated when drafting the final study report

(2)  Final study to be conducted throughout till May 2021 to analyze the barriers women face when trying to advance in the workplace, and countermeasures taken both by public and private sectors. The final study aims to conduct a research focusing on APEC member economies policy measures and other initiatives in light of advancing women in the workplace as well as the outcomes of such measures. An outsourced contractor will reach out to member economies to seek participation in the case studies and contribution to the research as a whole. The project also aims to conduct a survey in April 2021 whose results and data will be used in the analysis in the study. The final study report to be presented to meeting in October 2021 to help economies gain an increased understanding of the environment surrounding women’s advancement in the workplace.

(3) One-day online workshop to be held in October 2021 as virtual meetigto share the findings of the final review study, and assist economies in sharing good practices on actions taken to overcome such barriers. The workshop will include presentations on women’s representation in leadership from wide variety of specialists and administrators of APEC economies and of other international organizations, and discussions on women’s advancement in the workplace that is affected by the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic.

(4) Final study report, no more than 20-30 pages and consisting of a cover page, table of contents, executive summary, introduction (background information), outcomes of the research analysis, topic-based summaries, to be disseminated through APEC’s website to support continuous discussions for future capacity building initiatives. This final study report will be an APEC publication.

Outcomes:

(1) Deepened understanding of all participants on the current gender ratio in the leadership position shown by the statistical results of the member economies’ IAPs, for which we evaluate with pre- and post- workshop questionnaires as indicated in the evaluation section below.

(2) Detailed findings on the barriers that impede women’s advancement in the workplace and countermeasures taken by both public and private sectors through the final study.

(3) Increased understanding of policy makers on barriers women face when trying to advance in the workplace through the workshop and the published final study report.

(4) Development of policy discussions on how to tackle the obstacles for women’s leadership through sharing best practices and bad practices in the workshop.

Beneficiaries: The primary beneficiaries of this project be participants in the workshop and PPWE representatives including officials and policy makers from APEC member economies, both senior and junior, as well as the private sector, stakeholders and professional representatives involved in implementing measures to enhance female leadership.  The secondary beneficiaries would be officials and policy makers from the ministries as well as private sector representatives responsible for gender equality in APEC member economies, benefiting from the takeaways brought back by the workshop participants. In the long term, the contribution of the study to policy development will benefit society as a whole including both women and men through increased participation of women in leadership roles. We will call for both women and men, speakers and participants. As we believe the importance of men’s involvement in women’s advancement into society, we will strongly encourage men’s engagement in this project. To gain men’s better understanding and cooperation needed for women in order to advance into society, and mutual understanding and cooperation will be a help to take the barriers and discrimination against women away. In the long term, the contribution of the study to policy development will benefit women through increased participation in leadership roles.

Dissemination

Electronic publication of the final study report is optimal for our project’s dissemination. A detailed final study report will be prepared and submitted to PPWE for approval and to other relevant fora for information, and will be published on the official APEC website as APEC Publication. We may ask PPWE members to disseminate the report domestically using their official website or social networking sites as the target audience is not only the policy makers or experts on gender issues but also the business people in each economy. We have no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

The Project Overseer is aiming for at least 50% representation by women as speakers and 50% by women participants while ensuring that the representation of male speakers and participants are not too low as men’s participation and understanding are indispensable for women’s advancement in the workplace. The project outcomes will benefit women, especially with regard to the ‘leadership, voice, and agency’, in that the whole point of this project is to encourage women’s advancement in the workplace. We will invite speakers and participants through PPWE representatives or other channels, reminding of gender balance. In addition, the project organizers will ensure the evaluation forms distributed at the end of the workshop include information on gender for project assessment, in order to obtain gender disaggregated responses.

Work Plan

·

Time

Task

Deliverables

February 2021

Draft TOR

Contractor for the final study and Workshop selected

TOR drafted

Contractor selected

March 2021

Commence final review study and research
Analyze Economies’ IAPs in the past

Research study commenced

April 2021

Circulate survey for forming the review study among PPWE members

Survey circulated

 April-May 2021

Collect IAPs of 2020 from economies

Compile survey results

IAPs from each economy

collected

by 1 April 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to the Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

June 2021

Draft final study report

Draft workshop’s agenda

Develop participants list and logistical plan for the workshop

Draft study report, agenda of the workshop, and

participants list completed

July-September 2021

Seek endorsement of the final study report by PPWE

Seek speakers and send out invitations to potential participants

Final study report endorsed

Workshop prepared

August 2021 (2 months before the workshop)

Send out General Information (GI) with confirmed agenda

GI circulated

October 2021,

Organize one-day Workshop

Present the final study report

Circulate post-workshop evaluation form

Workshop held

Presentations delivered in the workshop

Evaluation form collected

by 1 November 2021

Submit the Final Study Report to the Secretariat

Final Study Report submitted to the Secretariat

December 2021

Project Completion Date

Post the final study report on APEC Website

Completion Report endorsed

Final study report posted on the Website

February 2022

Submit APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents

APEC Project Completion Report

June 2022

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat


Risks

The risk caused by the pandemic of COVID-19 would be the highest at the moment. This risk might result in the postponement or cancellation of several APEC activities and affect our project procedure too. We will proceed with the research work on an online basis and get the project preparation going as much as practically possible. Although the expected date of the workshop (October 2021) is still far from now, we are ready to consider an option to hold a webinar instead if the situation then does not allow a physical workshop.

Another risk would be to ensure the selection of relevant speakers and participants, and to ensure a decent number of participants while maintaining the gender balance. As mentioned in the above question on 7. Gender, we will invite speakers and participants with appropriate gender balance through making invitations to the PPWE representatives and other representatives from the relevant fora.

There is also a risk of lacking number of survey responses and IAP submissions from member economies. Towards the final review study, we will approach the co-sponsoring economies and seek their utmost cooperation to work together on the survey and the IAP completion.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The short-term quantitative indicators could be the number of economies that submitted survey, involved in the final review study, the number of submissions of IAP of 2020, the number and diversity of workshop speakers, participating economies and participants, and participants’ evaluations of the workshop (to be collected at the end of the workshop).

Qualitative indicators of the workshop’s participants’ evaluations follow. We will set target level of knowledge increase, perceived level of knowledge increase, satisfaction rate of quality of activities and presenters as the indicators for the evaluations survey. We aim to achieve the improved understanding on the women’s representation in leadership measured through the pre-workshop and after-workshop evaluation questionnaire. We will also ensure the evaluation forms distributed include information on gender for project assessment, in order to obtain gender disaggregated responses. The results of the evaluation is to be part of the outcomes and included in the Completion Report.

The long-term indicators could be measured through the progress on La Serena Roadmap, and the statistical data obtained from the APEC Women and Economy Dashboard 2019 indicators No. 4.5 through 4.7[1].

Targets for The Evaluation Indicator

The number of economies that submitted survey

21 economies

The number of submissions of IAP of 2020

11 economies

The number and diversity of workshop speakers

10 workshop speakers (women and men) from 5economy

The number participating economies

21 economies

The number of participants,

60 participants

Target perceived level of knowledge increase.

Quantitative research
(more than 7 on a zero-to-ten scale)

Satisfaction rate of quality of activities and presenters
as the indicators for the evaluations survey.

Understanding on the women’s representation in
leadership measured.



[1] 4.5: Conditions for Career Advancement, 4.6: Private Sector Leadership, 4.7: Political Leadership


Linkages

This project could have a cross fora collaboration with SMEWG, HRDWG, ACTWG, and HWG for gender issues. Policy gaps and structural barriers remain that cause the gender gaps. Non-APEC stakeholders from multilateral organizations and the private sectors are welcomed to engage in the project as researcher, expert, speaker and/or participant. We would possibly collaborate with Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) which have worked in gender area.

This project builds on the series of IAPs activities which started in 2015, with a mid-term review held in 2017. The project will analyze and assess the data collected through yearly IAPs initiative.

The initiative origins back to 2014 statement of WEF which set the target to improve the women’s representation in the leadership. In 2019, the La Serena Roadmap that outlines “increase the region’s gender balance in leadership positions, closing the gap for women” as one of its targets was endorsed by APEC ministers, giving further momentum to women’s economic empowerment in the region – as such APEC is the best sources of funds to push this project forward.

Sustainability

This project marks the end of the five year IAP project commenced in 2015. As such the workshop participants, both policy makers and businesses, will be provided with accumulated findings from the past 5 years. The project will continue to have impacts in that increased understanding and knowledge of the participants will allow them to make better-informed decisions to ensure a more enabling environment for women to advance in the workplace. In addition, this project will contribute to the implementation of the La Serena Roadmap. The next step is to seek a collaborative effort across the region, to “increase region’s gender balance in the leadership positions, closing the gap for women” as described in La Serena Roadmap. The progress on the outcomes could be measured and monitored by the statistical data obtained from the APEC Women and Economy Dashboard.


Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Ms. KURUME Junko, Official of APEC Division, Economic Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. She has been working on APEC issues since October 2020 and working as a representative of working group such as EPWG. In addition, she will work closely with the PPWE representatives from Gender Equality Bureau at the Cabinet Office of Japan.


Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Contractor executes research taking into account the data collected by the survey to the economies and all the IAPs submitted by the economies. Contractor also organizes the workshop and helps PO finalize the reports.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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