Project Title

Workshop on Energy Resilience Principle 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

EWG 07 2020A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 07 2020A 

Project Title

Workshop on Energy Resilience Principle 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Measures (EELCM) 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

43,500 

Total Project Value

143,500 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Malaysia; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/02/2021 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Masaomi Koyama 

Job Title 1

Director, Overseas Energy Infrastructure Office, International Affairs Division 

Organization 1

Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(81-3) 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

yamashita-takanori@meti.go.jp; hayamizu-daisuke@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Masaomi Koyama 

Project Summary

APEC has been conducting energy efficiency and low-carbon measures so far. However, in recent years, as APEC region has been continuously challenged with natural disasters which become enormous, building energy systems which are resilient against disasters has been an emerging issue. In this narrative, EWG has developed APEC Energy Resiliency Principle with great help of ERTF and APEC member economies.

Considering the current situation, measures to enhance energy resilience become increasingly important on the introduction of energy efficiency and conservation and new and renewable energy.

This project supports holding workshops in 3 or 4 APEC economies, which highlight to promote dissemination of the Principle for the capacity building of people in public and private organizations related to energy sector from developing economies, and to discuss, exchange and share attendees’ experience and views on the detail and concrete measures of its guideline in line with the situation in each economy.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: APEC has been conducting energy efficiency and low-carbon measures so far. However, in recent years, damage caused by natural disasters such as earthquakes and typhoons has become enormous, and unfortunately, APEC member economies especially suffer from those disasters as they occur frequently in the APEC region, which also cause severe damage on the energy infrastructure. Thus, to build energy systems which are resilient against natural and man-made disasters in the APEC region has been an emerging issue. In this narrative, Energy Working Group (EWG), led by Japan, has tackled to develop APEC Energy Resiliency Principle (hereinafter as “the Principle”) with great help of Energy Resilience Task Force (ERTF) and APEC member economies. The Principle, which was endorsed at the EWG59 held in August 2020, is compiled norms and concrete measures that stakeholders in each economy should voluntarily pay attention to and implement in order to improve energy resilience, not mandatory or compulsory documents. After development of the Principle, it is encouraged to develop its guideline which compiles concrete measures that each stakeholder should take, based on the Principle.

Considering the current situation, measures to enhance energy resilience become increasingly important on the introduction of energy efficiency and conservation and new and renewable energy. Namely, it is the same vector taking measures for energy resilience to improve energy security and developing a low carbon city.

This project which contributes to support building the resilient energy system as well as the low carbon city in APEC member economies is relevant, and generates benefits for all APEC economies, particularly developing economies which can find it difficult to respond to climate related disasters. The project aims to bring together people in public and private organizations related to energy sector each economy to exchange and share experience and views.

In the past, many ERTF projects such as the EWG 01 2017S Energy Workforce Resilience Workshop led by Singapore, EWG 09 2017A APEC Workshop on Promoting Resilience in the Energy Sector and EWG 09 2018S APEC Energy Resilience Smart Grid Workshop led by USA, were conducted. These projects were workshops that focused on individual topics and technologies related to energy resiliency. This project differs from these past projects in that the workshop is designed to create a guideline stipulated in the principle, which includes the perspectives of stakeholders from both supply and demand sectors such as government, energy supply industries, industrial and general energy consumers, and financial institutions. We will incorporate lessons learned from the past projects and coordinated with the EPWG, where applicable.

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: Since measures to enhance energy resilience are supposed to be deeply relevant to energy efficiency and conservation and new and renewable energy introduction, this project falls on the criteria of EELCM sub fund that are focusing on activities which will contribute to achieving APEC's aggregate energy intensity reduction goal of 45% by 2035 which was agreed at the APEC Leaders Meeting in Honolulu in 2011, and focusing on activities which contribute to achieving the goal of doubling the share of renewables by 2030 which was endorsed by the APEC Leaders Meeting in Beijing in 2014.

Moreover, this project which will hold workshops in developing economies to promote dissemination of the Principle and to discuss detail and concrete measures in line with the actual situation in the economies will meet capacity building needs for APEC developing economies.

Relevance – Capacity Building: It is encouraged that the guideline which compiles concrete measures that each stakeholder should take, be formulated based on the Principle. However, due to diversity of conditions in each economy such as climate, policy, and so on, it is important to develop them in line with the actual situation in the economies. Therefore, this project will hold workshops in developing economies which promote dissemination of the Principle and to discuss detail and concrete measures in line with the situation in the economies. Opinions gained from the workshops will be incorporated to the draft guideline and help government officials in charge of policy making and urban development from developing economies to build the resilient energy system and the low carbon city. It will also help energy supply industries, industrial and general energy consumers, financial institution and other stakeholders in developing economies in APEC region.

Objectives

The main objectives of this project are, by means of holding virtual workshops, 1) to promote dissemination of the Principle in order to build the capacity of people in public and private organizations related to energy sector in developing economies, and 2) to discuss, exchange and share attendees’ experience and views on the detail and concrete measures of the draft guideline in line with the situation in each economy.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC: This project directly supports the Energy Ministers’ instructions to promote energy resiliency in the APEC region stated in the Cebu Declaration, the outcome of Energy Ministerial Meeting in 2015, and contribute to achievement of the APEC energy related goals which are the aggregate energy intensity reduction goal of 45% by 2035 and the goal of doubling the share of renewables by 2030.

In addition, this project responds to the “Chair’s Era Kone Statement” of the 26th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting, to the article of “Recognizing the critical importance of energy security to support sustainable economic growth in the APEC region, we commit to enhance access to affordable, sustainable, reliable and clean energy, including clean and advanced fossil fuels and technologies by facilitating energy-related trade and investment, reducing energy intensity, enhancing energy resilience to avoid disruptions to the energy sector, and scaling up deployment of efficient and clean energy sources.”

Alignment – Forum: Regarding the EWG Strategic Plan for 2019-2023, activities to enhance energy resiliency are clearly written as one of the objectives of the strategy. In this Plan, EWG envision an APEC region will improve energy resiliency across the APEC region to cope with potential energy supply disruptions through effective, well-targeted market and governmental response mechanisms, and integrated resource resilience planning. Based on this vision, EWG’s mission statement includes exchange best practices on integrated resource and resilience planning to prepare for natural or man-made disasters.

Energy resiliency is also described as one of the “expected outcomes/deliverables for 2020” in the EWG Working Plan 2020. In this working plan, the EWG will continue to increase its focus on responding to natural and man-made resiliency challenges for energy infrastructure and networks and EWG is also working on an APEC Energy Resilience Principles and relevant guidelines will continue to be discussed for improvement of energy resiliency within the region.

The principle was endorsed at EWG59, held in August 2020, and it is expected that relevant guideline will continue to be discussed for improvement of energy resiliency within the region. In this sense, this project will support and facilitate this discussion.

In addition, under “the checklist of Instruction for APEC Committees and Sub-Fora in Response to The Statement on COVID-19 by APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade (MRT)”, EWG listed Energy Resiliency as one of the focus area.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

(1)  Formulating outline of “Energy Resiliency Guideline”: 
APEC Energy Resiliency Guideline will be developed as a detailed guideline to support formulation of energy resiliency enhancement plans in APEC member economies based on the Principle. This guideline will be created as a first and general one to contribute to develop further detailed and sectorial guideline in future. 

In this project, we will formulate an outline of Energy Resiliency Guideline at first before holding workshops as a basis for discussion. Through the workshops, we will gather inputs from participants and enrich the contents. 

(2)  Holding Workshops: We will hold workshops on energy resiliency in 3-4 economies. We will select the economies with support of APERC, based on the economies’ requests. To avoid regional bias, we will try to make adjustments to select three economies from East Asia and ASEAN, and one from South America. Bearing in mind that each region has a different energy environment, it is desirable to hold workshops separately to gather more various inputs. Also, since the workshop will be held online, there is a concern that holding the workshop only once would be a burden on the participants, who live in the different time zone. 

Discussion topics will include various experience of disasters in the past and the measure to restore their activities or precaution measure to tackle with the disasters. 

Case studies will be prepared and presented by Workshop speakers, such as government official, expert, researcher and people from energy supply industries, industrial and general consumers, financial institutions and so on, followed by question and answers at floor. Although the speakers will be basically the same persons, we will select the candidate flexibly based on the request of the economies. 

The workshop will gather various stakeholders such as governments, energy supply industries, industrial and general energy consumers, financial institution and so on. 

Recommendations from the Workshop will not only include further measures to be incorporated in the guideline, but also experiences and good practices for enhancement of energy resiliency shared by participants. 

Workshop outline:

-  When; May 2021, July 2021, September 2021, and October 2021(if necessary)

-  Where; East Asia and ASEAN region, and South America region

- Contents: Explanation about principle and outline of Energy Resiliency Guideline, Presentations by 3-4 speakers QA session and discussion among participants, and so on.

-  Number of Participants: 20-30

(3) Formulating of the Project Summary Report and the “APEC Energy Resiliency Guideline”: A report with outcomes and recommendations from the Workshop will be presented to EWG and ERTF. This report will be roughly 40 pages and consist of cover page, table of contents, introduction, summaries of workshop including presentation, case studies of the measure to tackle disasters and the discussions at the workshop, conclusion and suggested and so on. 

The APEC Energy Resiliency Guideline will also be developed.  The opinions and recommendation gained from the workshops will be incorporated to the both documents. The guideline is a standalone, separate document from the Project Summary Report, roughly 20-30 pages and will be created as an APEC publication. 

Outcomes: 

(1)  Participants will share their experiences and learn good practices in other regions, and acquire concrete knowledge for creating an energy resilience plan in line with the principle by participating in Workshop. As a result, the participants will deepen the knowledge and consciousness of the energy resilience, and it is expected that they will incorporate more resilient energy infrastructure systems into the policy making business plan in the APEC economy. 

(2)  The guideline to be formulated in this project is intended to organize specific actions that stakeholders such as the government, energy supply industries including oil, gas and electric power, industrial and general energy consumer and financial institutions should take voluntarily. It will help the stakeholders to formulate an action plan considering energy resilience. By listening to the opinions of participants in each region through the workshop, we plan to incorporate necessary input, thereby enhancing the content of the guideline. In addition to promoting the principle formulated recently, sharing and utilizing the concept of guideline, will lead to enlightenment of consciousness and promotion of common understanding for energy resilience in the entire APEC region. Furthermore, by discussing not only the action of public sector but also that of the private sector, it is expected that financial support driven by private sector including investment and financing, to the activities and technologies to improve energy resilience will be offered appropriately. 

Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries are participants of workshop such as federal/local government officials who are directly in charge of local city planning, employees of energy supply industries including oil, gas and electric power, industrial energy consumers, and financial institutions, etc. In addition to listening to the speech from experts, they are required to share their own experiences, knowledge related to the energy resiliency and views on the principle during the workshops. In this sense, it is expected that this workshops will lead to human resource development in the area of energy resilience.

Specifically, for government officials, these workshops are good opportunities in order to think about concrete methods about how to formulate and review energy resilience plans.

It is expected that energy supply industries and industrial energy consumers will also think about required measures during both normal time and the time of disasters, such as diversifying procurement of energy resource, securing adequate reserved, strengthening transportation capacity and equipment, by participating the workshops. As a result, this will lead to reinforcement of their own business continuation.

For financial institutions, it is difficult to evaluate the energy resiliency by measuring only corporate financial condition. In this context, if evaluation mechanism for energy resilience including scoring and standardizing can be realized, it will lead to early implementation of loans, which provide increase benefits of energy supply industries and industrial energy consumers.

Dissemination

We will create two output documents, namely Project Summary Report and the “APEC Energy Resiliency Guideline as APEC publication. At the time of preparing the documents, we will consider the APEC publication Guidelines, APEC Publications Toolkits, IP Policy and Logo Guidelines and other relevant documents. 

The results of the workshops will be reported on the EWG and ERTF, and will be widely disseminated by posting them on the APEC website in order that stakeholders who would not be able to participate in the workshops can also access the information. 

In addition, the progress of the project and the drafting of guideline also will be introduced at EWG and ERTF in order to promote it widely in APEC. We intend to get the endorsement of the APEC Energy Resiliency Guideline by EWG and ERTF as an APEC publication. Once we get the endorsement, we will posted it on the APEC website and circulate it to the workshop participants via internet. 

With the cooperation of private organizations such as ABAC, these effort will be widely promoted to private stakeholders such as energy supply industries, and financial institutions. We will invite them to the event and provide the information to them in timely manner.

Gender

When selecting workshop speakers, etc., we will try to include 30% of female experts, in addition to ensuring the quality of the speech and facilitation skill. This project will aim to have female participants accounting for 30% of total attendance. When recruiting participants, we will promote the participation of both male and female by taking online format that makes it easy for people under the parental leave period to participate. We will comprehend the attributes of participants including gender, and the number of female experts and female participants in order to ensure that a certain degree of female participation to be achieved. This project contributes to the pillar 3(Skills, Capacity building, and health) of women’s economic empowerment, helping women participants to gain more knowledge about energy resiliency and play active role in that area.

Work Plan

Timeline

Activities

Outputs

2020 December

Brainstorming an outline of “APEC Energy Resilience Guideline”

2021 January – February

Selection of consultant who organizes  workshops and creates related document (Open tendering)

Contract with a workshop organizer

2021 February – March  

Developing an outline of “APEC Energy Resilience Guideline”

Outline of APEC Energy Resilience Guideline

2021 March – April

Investigating the workshop agenda, candidate speakers, and consulting with candidate member economies and APEC secretariat about the contents

Workshop agenda

2021 October

Submitting APEC Project Monitoring Report

APEC Project Monitoring Report

2021 May – October

(May 2021, July 2021, September 2021, and October 2021(if necessary))

Holding virtual workshops in 3-4 economies in APEC to disseminate the Principle to people in public and private organizations related to energy sector and to discuss, exchange and share attendees’ experience and views on the detail and concrete measures of the outline of guideline in line with the situation in each economy

2021 November

Submission of Project Summary Report and the APEC Energy Resilience Guideline

Project Summary

Report and the APEC Energy Resilience Guideline

2022 February

Submission of APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents

APEC Project Completion Report

2022 June

Participate in the Long-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by APEC Secretariat


Risks

1) The biggest risk in implementation this project is the influence of COVID-19, including restriction of travel. Most economies have introduce the measure of travel restriction because of COVID-19 outbreak. However we will deal with this problem by holding online workshops and ensuring that information shared in the workshops will be circulated toe the participants. 

2) Lack of expert on energy resiliency, who will participate or make presentation at the workshops. It seems that this kind of study is relatively new in APEC and there are limited number of such expert. To solve the problems, we will coordinate with APERC and other related organization to collect the information of the expert in advance. If it is possible or appropriate, we will ask the same experts to give presentations at all workshops.

3) Lack of information about experiences and good practices for enhancement of energy resiliency in host economy and other stakeholders at the workshop. We will minimize this risk by closely coordinating with the host economy and asking them to provide relevant information in advance.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The purpose of this project is to disseminate the principle and the guideline to various stakeholders in the APEC region and raise awareness of energy resilience. Therefore, we will strive to obtain fruitful results by capturing and managing the following indicators and seting the concrete targets to evaluating the results. Namely, we will get the feedback from the participants and review the access to the APEC website.

(1)  Number of workshops : 3-4 times

(2) Number of participants in the workshops : 20-30

(3) The percentage of female participants in the workshops. : 30%

(4) Workshop participation rate (planned to have a capacity of about 30 people for each workshop) :60%

(5) Attributes of workshop participants (region, gender, industry, etc.) : -

(6) Changes of participants' awareness about resilience-related activities before and after the workshop : Positive feedback from more than half of participants and speakers

(7) Level of understanding of the principle  : Positive feedback from more than half of participants and speakers

(8) Number of online accesses to the Principle, and its access area : more than 100 accesses in total from 21 economies.

Linkages

Since the main implementation of this project is to disseminate the principle formulated under the ERTF under the EWG and to develop the “APEC energy resilience guideline” that indicates the specific actions of each stakeholder, we will intensively cooperate with the ERTF. We would like to position this project as one of the specific activities of the Energy Security Initiative currently being discussed in the EWG.

Since this project is the first project based on the principle, there is little overlap with other projects. In the past, many ERTF projects such as the EWG 01 2017S Energy Workforce Resilience Workshop led by Singapore, EWG 09 2017A APEC Workshop on Promoting Resilience in the Energy Sector and EWG 09 2018S APEC Energy Resilience Smart Grid Workshop led by USA, were conducted. These projects were workshops that focused on individual topics and technologies related to energy resiliency. This project differs from these past projects in that the workshop is designed to create a guideline stipulated in the principle, which includes the perspectives of stakeholders from both supply and demand sectors such as government, energy supply industries, industrial and general energy consumers, and financial institutions. We will incorporate lessons learned from the past projects and coordinated with the EPWG, where applicable.

In addition, we plan to collaborate with ABAC and incorporate input from ABAC as much as possible to the project.

It is important that financial support by private sector to be provided smoothly in order to enhance the energy resilience. Considering the future effort to disseminate an evaluation mechanism for energy resilience including scoring, standardizing in the APEC wide, planning and implementing this project within the APEC framework is necessary initial step.

Sustainability

In recent years, APEC region has been continuously challenged with natural disasters which become enormous and building energy systems which are resilient against disasters has been an emerging issue. This trend will continue in future, and necessary measures will continue to be required. In this narrative, it is important APEC economies will understand the value of measure for energy resiliency in future. 

Regarding this project, through the workshop, we will formulate the guideline in line with the actual situation in each economy and disseminate the principle. The result will be utilized not only to develop human resources related to energy resilience but also to enrich the content of the guideline from the long term perspective. The progress of the project will be reported at EWG61 and EWG62 to be held in 2021, and feedback from each economy will be incorporated to the project and outcome documents. As for the guideline, EWG and ERTF endorsements will be obtained at EWG63 in 2022. 

In addition, although the guideline to be formulated by this project is general one, we plan to formulate sectoral guidelines as a future effort considering the input gained through the workshop. Although we need further discussion, the future APEC projects for elaborating sectoral guidelines will be conducted for several years.  Hence, it is expected that the discussion on resilience will continue to become more active within the APEC economies. 

Furthermore, if an evaluation mechanism including scoring, standardizing which increase financial support to the activities and technologies to improve energy resilience will be established in the future, it will lead to the vitalize private sectors’ for securing energy resiliency.

Project Overseers

Mr. Masaomi Koyama has a wide range of private and public sector experience in the energy sector; including contributing to development of Japanese Infrastructure Systems Export Strategy, carrying out the LCMT project, hosting and organising international conferences, working on facilitating an increase in the use of new and renewable energy technologies in the APEC region.

Tel:  +81-3-3501-0598 E-mail:    yamashita-takanori@meti.go.jp, hayamizu-daisuke@meti.go.jp

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

(i)   Planning and preparing of Workshop: 200 hours

(ii)  Conducting workshops : 60 hours

(iii) Creating the guideline :150 hours

(iv) Creating Project Summary Report  : 70 hours


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

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Sub-fund

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Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

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Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

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Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

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Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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