Project Title

Strengthen and Expand Knowledge in Sustainable Aquaculture Production Practices to Reduce the Environmental Impact and Improve Food Safety of the Food Proudcts 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

SCSC 02 2020A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

SCSC 02 2020A 

Project Title

Strengthen and Expand Knowledge in Sustainable Aquaculture Production Practices to Reduce the Environmental Impact and Improve Food Safety of the Food Proudcts 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

132,038 

Co-funding Amount

103,200 

Total Project Value

235,238 

Sponsoring Forum

Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) 

Topics

Conformance; Standards 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; China; Indonesia; Peru; Philippines; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/09/2020 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Constanza Vergara 

Job Title 1

Scientific Advisor 

Organization 1

Chilean Food Safety and Quality Agency (ACHIPIA) 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(56-2) 27979900 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

constanza.vergara@achipia.gob.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Rolando Ibarra 

Job Title 2

Senior Fellow on Acquaculture Sustainability 

Organization 2

Monterey Bay Aquarium 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Constanza Vergara and Rolando Ibarra 

Project Summary

Chile is seeking APEC funding to conduct 2 workshops for enable members economies to obtain knowledge and technical know -how on best aquaculture practices under a one health approach leading to the responsible use of antimicrobials, minimizing the risk of leave residues on the environment that lead to contaminate and generate AMR in the water sources and directly impact food safety of products. The project will build capacity using the concept of sharing knowledge between economies with different sizes and types of aquaculture production systems. The project will allow to identify, validate, and transfer good management and health practices in different aquaculture systems that reduce the need for AMU and further elaborate a self-evaluation tool (APSET) for economies and finally, using the knowledge share by the economies elaborate a step wise approach handbook on good aquaculture practices that can be follow by the economies to improve their aquaculture production systems. The project will be implemented by ACHIPIA with the collaboration of the World Bank, Intesal Chile, SERNAPESCA and the Monterey Bay Aquarium, all of them will contribute with their technical expertise in good aquaculture practices, Aquaculture foreign market regulation, AMU, food safety, food production sustainability and production environment protection.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: According to the APEC 2019 Ocean and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) aquaculture is a well-developed production in the APEC region since the twenty-one economies that make up APEC represent more than 80% of global aquaculture production, and more than 65% of the world's fishing. In fact, nine of the top ten fish producers in the world, are APEC members, however only six of the top ten fish exporting economies are in the APEC group. One of the reasons for this is that a good part of the production remains in the domestic market, moreover, the consumption of fishery products in the Asia-Pacific region is 65% higher than the world average, ensuring that this food is safe and came from sustainable production for consumers is a key option in a world where developed economies consumers claim for food safety and sustainability in the production of the food they eat. Also it is important to highlight that the socio-economic importance of the fisheries and aquaculture sector to APEC economies cannot be overestimated: it generates a significant source of revenue to economies across the region; it provides employment in remote locations where there are few employment opportunities; and it supplies a vital source of animal protein to food-deficit economies, therefore, plays a key role in APEC economies food security.

\The challenges facing by aquaculture development is currently changed from production orientation to quality orientation. Consequently, sustainable aquaculture production that considers environmental, economic and social issues is far important than quantity-oriented aquaculture, to continue to access the world’s fish and seafood markets, APEC economies will need to meet these new challenges and consumers claims.

Antibiotics are used in aquaculture as a prophylactic or therapeutic measure or as feed additives, there are two main food safety issues related to the Antimicrobial usage (AMU) in aquaculture, one is the use can result in residues of antimicrobials in seafood. Such antimicrobial residues can present a hazard to public health if the consumer becomes exposed to the residues, either through the consumption of seafood containing residues, or by the handling of products containing residues, the second one is the environmental contamination with antimicrobial residues of antimicrobials in the aquatic environment that can have a negative impact on the environment, e.g. by altering the microflora, which again indirectly can have a negative effect on public health, since environmental contamination with antimicrobial can select for resistance in environmental microflora, and resistance genes can be disseminated further and eventually reach e.g. human pathogens. This project proposal aims to enable members economies to obtain knowledge and technical know -how on how to use antimicrobials wisely and minimizing the risk of leave residues on the environment that lead to contaminate and generate antimicrobial resistance in the water sources. It is also a contribution to the world ´s initiatives to fight against antimicrobial resistance since its objective is aligned with the WHO Global Action Plan against AMR, furthermore will take into consideration existing Codex Alimentarius efforts on AMR and AMU.

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: The project proposal supports capacity building needs for APEC economies, since through the implementation of this project member economies, particularly developing ones, will obtain through workshops, where sharing knowledge methodology will be applied between APEC experts in small- and large-scale aquaculture production to deliver skills and technical know-how on prudent use and reduce use of antimicrobials.

Three of the four Manila Framework agreed goals of economic and technical cooperation and development in APEC will be achieve through this project.

·   to attain sustainable growth and equitable development in the Asia-Pacific region

It was mentioned that aquaculture is a well-developed production in the APEC region, and the growth of this economic activity must continue in a sustainable way to minimize the impact in the production environment, also among the APEC members are nine of the 10 world´s biggest producers which can share their knowledge with less developed economies to strengthen its fishery production to a more sustainable and more competitive system for export markets.

·   to improve the economic and social well-being of the people.

According to the WHO; “Health and wellbeing are public goods and assets for human development”, and an APEC publication points out that the socio-economic importance of the fisheries and aquaculture sector to APEC economies generates a significant source of revenue to economies across the region; provides employment in remote locations where there are few employment opportunities; and supplies a vital source of animal protein to food-deficit economies, improving food security, but food security can only being accomplished with food safety. This project will deliver good and wise AMU in the aquaculture where the reduce of the AMU is the result of better husbandry practices, among other practices, that enhances animal health and ultimately the food safety in the seafood which is one of the main protein source in most of the APEC economies, therefore safe production will bring wellbeing to APEC population and also a social development driven by the best price they could get for their production by giving added value through food safety guarantees.

·   to deepen the spirit of community in the Asia Pacific

When well stablish and developed economies regarding aquaculture production share their knowledge with less developed one, not only knowledge and expertise is gain, it also creates a sense of belonging and community spirit among the participants, because  it create a group of people who have a particular activity in common, and as a consequence have some common knowledge given them a sense of community identity. Knowledge sharing is the most important mode of knowledge transfer in social contexts since it is based on the willingness of individuals to impart their experience with other people and not on the managerial authority, where the essential factor in developing a culture of knowledge sharing is trust and respect, this project proposal will also aims to set the foundations and contacts, for an APEC economies community  who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting and after the project this continue on an ongoing basis.

Relevance – Capacity Building: According to an APEC publication from 2009, APEC economies account for approximately half of the world's fish exports in terms of value. In 2007, this amounted to USD 45.6 billion, which is a notable increase from 1976 values at USD 3.9 billion. Six of the ten top fish exporting economies are from the APEC region. Fisheries also contribute significantly—at almost one fifth—to the creation of the agricultural GDP in some APEC economies. This share is significantly higher in Chile at 64% and Peru at 25%. While the average share of fish versus agricultural exports is 15%, this figure is 67.5% in Brunei Darussalam and more than 40% in Chile; Japan; Peru; and Viet Nam. This is similar to the share of fish in total merchandise exports by APEC economies: while the average is 0.8%, the figure jumps to 8.5% in Viet Nam, 7.9% in Peru, 6.2% in Chile and 3.8% in New Zealand.

The same publication declares that in APEC economies, the fisheries and aquaculture sector employ approximately 26.2million fish harvesters and fish farmers, which comprise 60% of the world’s total fisheries workforce. Employment numbers vary widely, with more than 12million in China and 4million in Viet Nam to 110 thousand in Malaysia and 16 thousand in Papua New Guinea. The sector offers employment for people living in remote and rural locations, where employment opportunities are limited. With 90% of APEC fish harvesters and fish farmers employed in small-scale activities, the sector also plays a vital role in the livelihood of 24.2 million people.  There are three main trends affecting fisheries and aquaculture trade market access: increased health and sanitary requirements for fish and seafood product handling; labelling and documentation to certify environmental, traceability and sustainable fishery and fish farming standards; and requirements designed to reduce illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities. To a large extent, these trends are being driven by major fish import economies., but not for the lees developed one, with a handbook of good aquaculture practices developed where the best practices already in place in APEC economies on their aquacultures with good results, the project will build capacity in health and sanitary requirements and will also contribute to enhance aquaculture production sustainability in APEC economies.The publication on the importance of APEC in world fisheries and aquaculture from the FAO Global Fish Research Program informed that export earnings of APEC economies from fish have increased significantly during the thirty years for which FAO keeps statistics. Back in 1976, export value was USD 3 900 million while in 2007 the impressive figure of USD 45 600 million was reached, where China, Thailand, United States, Canada, Chile and Viet Nam represent 67% of the total export value in contrast with economies like Mexico and Malaysia who represent 1,7% or Philippines,  Papua New Guinea and Brunei Darussalam where range from  1% to 0,2% only. These less developed fishery production economies through this project will be beneficiated with knowledge and technical know- how in aquaculture production practices aimed to reduce the AMU and add value to the final food product for its commercialization in formal markets from the experience and gain knowledge of the exporting and more developed Aquaculture productions economies.

Aquaculture policies should be elaborated and enhance based in updated information, the project will build capacity in this aspect developing a publication with updated information on the Aquaculture of APEC economies.

Objectives

The general objective of this project proposal is to build capacity in good aquaculture practices under a one health approach, where human, animal and environmental health aspect are consider,  leading to the optimal use of antimicrobials, using the model of sharing knowledge between APEC economies with different types of aquaculture production systems to optimize their management practices with impact in animal health, sustainability and environment protection through the reduction and responsible use of antimicrobial. This approach will lead to three specific objectives;

I. To identify, validate, adapt and transfer good management practices in different aquaculture systems to optimize the AMU and minimize the risk of leave residues on the environment that lead to contaminate and generate AMR in the water sources and directly impact food safety of products.

II. To elaborate a self-evaluation tool that allow economies evaluate themselves in terms of the impact of antimicrobial use management and health practices on environment, animal health and food safety.

III. To elaborate a step wise approach handbook on good small- and large-scale aquaculture practices that can be follow by the economies to improve their production system in terms of food safety and sustainability.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  Chile in 2019 placed sustainable growth among its priorities and identify ocean waste and pollution as an environmental challenge. This year,  Malaysia highlight production sustainability as one of its priorities in APEC, to achieve a future of shared prosperity, where the impact of growth has improved the lives of billions, but has put pressures on the biosphere, and a strain on raw materials, food resources, land and oceans. If APEC economies aims that trade and investment achieve their full potential for enhancing well-being, it must be aligned with priorities that go beyond simply increasing flows of goods, services and funds, it must place preservation of the environment, that underlies economy and future development, as a crucial factor for APEC to achieve long term well-being or sustainable development. Moreover, Malaysia declare on its priorities that the sustainable management of resources is not only essential to minimizing the negative impacts of human industry on the environment, it will also create economic value. In this project proposal we will use the knowledge of the developed economies on aquaculture management practice, specifically antimicrobial use and husbandry, and through sharing knowledge workshops we will build capacity for less developed  aquaculture producers economies, but also for the developed ones to achieve a sustainable production minimizing environmental impact and improving food safety and market competitivity through good and responsible antimicrobial use in aquaculture production practices.

Alignment – Forum: This project proposal supports APEC’s 2017, Ha Noi FSCF statement priority area “building competencies in Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)”, which enhances the importance of the AMR issues in health and its potential impact in food trade, and strongly recommend building competencies in AMR, this statement was ratified in the APEC 2019 FSCF statement where the continuing of building capacity in AMR management was declare and also the project proposal is in alignment with the SCSC work plan regarding that harmonized standards and conformance procedures improve the efficiency of production and facilitate international trade, resulting in more rapid trade flows, reduced costs and greater integration of production networks.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1. Publication and Survey for the status of Aquaculture in APEC economies : Two online Surveys, one for regulators and one for the industry representatives, both of them will be elaborated under a one health approach, addressing important issues for animal health(e.g.; AMU), public health (e.g.; AMR) and its impact on the environment will be conducted to identify the status of aquaculture in APEC economies, including, but not limited to; type of production, destination markets, productive species, general husbandry and therapeutic practices and production sustainability and environmental regulation associated to the aquaculture. The result will be compared with the already published information available that will be collected through the collaboration with the World Bank and the Monterrey Bay Aquarium in order to generate an update and, furthermore, enhance of the information in the Status of the Aquaculture in APEC economies. Using the results from the surveys and information collected from the web and other sources, such as the world bank and Monterrey Bay aquarium publication repository , a 30 or more pages publication of state of art of the aquaculture situation regarding the subjects cover by the projects, such as, but not limited to; practices in health, husbandry, antimicrobial use, antimicrobial resistance, type and size of production, woman participation in labor will be prepared and publicized in this project. The survey will be conducted by POs and World bank collaborator, the seeking of information and write up document will be written by a contractor supervised by POs.

2.  Workshops: Two separate workshops with different objectives and target participants will be conducted under this project;

a) Workshop 1: A 3-day “Sharing knowledge” workshop will be conducted during the second trimester of 2021 with the aim to identify the best management practices in aquaculture with impact in animal health, sustainability and environment protection through the antimicrobial responsible use. For this workshop, aquaculture experts, from each APEC economy, in at least one of the above mention areas, will be invited to participate. An analysis of the survey results will be prepared and use as an input to be discuss during this workshop.  The identified practices will be prioritized and valued regarding the risk/benefit of their implementation and feasibility. The economies will be able to share good and bad experiences in aquaculture production practices under the project approach. Additionally, the discussion and work during the workshop will also allow to identify the knowledge gaps in the aquaculture production on APEC economies that must be addressed to increase the growth and sustainability of this production sector. Given the current situation around the world with the Covid-19 pandemic and in the foreseeing that some limitations could still be in place next year, the workshop will be held in an hybrid mode, where participants will be able to join on line also and in consideration of the time differences and the challenge of spend too much time connected, the workshop will have a half day duration during 3 consecutive days.

b)  Workshop 2: A second on line workshop will be held with the aim to deliver and assess with the participants the usability of the Aquaculture Production Self Evaluation Tool (APSET) and the Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook with aquaculture producers and policy makers from APEC economies. For the assessment, each workshop participant will received a set of data to be used in the APSET and participants would inform back if the tool is useful and easy to understand and use by themselves.  Also, the relationship between the APSET and the step wise approach handbook will be presented to the participants for its evaluation and comments. All the inputs from participants and further information will be gathered and use for the enhancement of the APSET and Handbook. Given the time difference, the online workshop will be held in a 2 hours slots, during 2 consecutive days.

3. Workshops summary report: A summary report, following the APEC publication guidelines of no less than 30 pages with relevant information present and discuss in the workshops along with the key conclusions will be elaborated and publicized to be available due an online copy for APEC economies in the APEC publication website.

4. Aquaculture Production Self Evaluation Tool (APSET): a self-evaluation tool for the assessment of their aquaculture management practices in a one health approach will be developed during this project. The results will allow economies to categorize their aquaculture production management systems level from minimum or basic to maximum or excellent in the three main areas under this project. The project will be elaborated categorization criteria for the different types of aquaculture taking into consideration its aquaculture and farming systems to be consider by the APSET user in order to have a better assessment of the results obtained after its self-evaluation.

5. Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook: A step wise approach with the best management practices in aquaculture with impact in animal health, sustainability and environment protection through the antimicrobial responsible use identified through the project, will be developed. The step wise approach will be based in the same categories use for the APSET in order to be a helpful tool for the improvement of the Aquaculture production in APEC economies. A 30 pages minimum handbook is expected to be elaborated by this project.

2.  Outcomes: Using a numbered list, describe the specific impacts, changes or benefits that the project is expected to deliver, which directly support the project objective (above). These include changes in policy, processes, or behavior in the participating institutions, or in APEC more broadly. Be sure that each outcome can be measured and is a direct result of the project.

1.  Direct and indirect outcomes of the implementation of this project are: Aquaculture production status in APEC economies for future actions in the sector updated.

2. Good aquaculture management practice in APEC Economies identified and transferred.

3. Research gaps to increase the therapeutic efficacy in aquaculture identified

4. Monitoring and surveillance programs available for antimicrobials residues for food safety purposes in APEC economies identified.

5. Self-evaluation tool to assess their production practices, identifying places where better management practices need to be applied delivered to APEC economies for its use.

6. Transfer of knowledge and cultural behavior in good management practices based on APEC economies experiences that can be implemented in different levels and types of aquaculture production systems through feasible recommendations.

7. Increase the cooperation network between consumer-industry-regulators in the APEC Economies.

The expected results of this projects are:

1. Improvement of policies related to AMU with the inclusion of measures to reduce AMR and environmental impact under the fishery regulations in APEC economies.

2. Use of the APSET and Handbook for the Improvement of the aquaculture practices by APEC economies producers.

3. Cooperation network among producers, policy makers and expert established for future consultations and exchange of opinions.

Beneficiaries:  The project is open to all the stakeholders from aquaculture production in APEC economies, participants are expected to be be policy makers, aquaculture management practices experts or end users that can drive changes in their economy aquaculture production practices or are the main responsible for the development of the aquaculture production sector. No gender specification will be applied on the selection of the participants; however, economies will be strongly suggested to engage women among their participants. Al APEC economies, specially less developed ones in terms of aquaculture production will be beneficiated with knowledge and technical know- how in aquaculture production practices aimed to reduce the AMU and add value to the final food product for its commercialization in formal markets. 

For the workshop travel eligible economy participants target will be related to the objective of each workshop, for example in workshop 1 we would seek the participation from experts in aquaculture practices from, but not limited to, the academia or production sector and in workshop 2 we will seek participation of government officials who works as  aquaculture policy makers and end users at the aquaculture production sector from each economy. 

Dissemination

Project outputs and results will be disseminated throughout the following:

1.  Workshop  summary Report: all the information presented and discussed in the workshops will be summarize in a workshop report following APEC guidelines and then put available for workshop participants and all APEC economies using the SCSC mailing list and in the APEC publications website

2.   Survey for the status of Aquaculture in APEC economiesand publication The further analysis of the survey results and other relevant and updated available information will be gathered in an APEC electronic and  ISBN publication to be disseminate among APEC economies and members of the Food Safety Cooperation Forum and the Ocean and Fisheries Group. An on line version will be available in the ACHIPIA webpage for free download and also at the APEC publication website

3. Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook:   will be deliver to all workshop participants for dissemination among stakeholders in their own economies and also will be available on the Chilean Food Safety Agency webpage for free public download and use.

4.  Aquaculture Production Self Evaluation Tool (APSET):  will be deliver to all workshop participants for dissemination among stakeholders in their own economies and also will be available on the Chilean Food Safety Agency webpage for free public download and use

Gender

According to the FAO publication “Women in Aquaculture Production in Asian Countries”, in traditional fisheries women are not usually directly involved in fishing activities, either on account of the physical strain and the long hours away from home and family, or because of social taboos, customs, and beliefs which prohibit them from boarding fishing vessels. Women are thus confined to shore-based activities, such as fish handling, processing, distribution, marketing, and net-making/mending. Women take part in actual production in most types of aquaculture, whether on an extensive, semi-intensive, or intensive level on a small, medium, or large scale, and in various stages of fish farm development (planning, construction and actual operation), and from seed production to grow-out/rearing, harvesting, and post-harvest handling. The scope and magnitude of women's participation in aquaculture production in APEC are influenced to a large extent by the level of aquaculture technology in an economy vis-a-vis the role and status of women in that society. In summary, and according to the organization Gender in Aquaculture and Fisheries (GAF), women are more common in small-scale production, post-harvest industrial and artisanal processing, value addition, marketing and sales. When aquaculture intensifies and scales up, women tend to be displaced or relegated to the lowest paid, low grade work. few women are senior staff, owners, managers and executives in the larger enterprises.  Women ‘s presence and influence in aquaculture is not completely know and the lack of comprehensive and timely data on women in aquaculture is one reason why women are invisible in aquaculture policy. This project will contribute and support one of the five women’s economic empowerment pillars, Leadership, voice and Agency by including gender participation in aquaculture production in the online survey, to support the already existing information so political action by sector leaders could be implemented in the future and to ensure participation and engagement of both men and women, economies will strongly encourage to nominate female participants.In the implementation of the activities of this project POs will try to maintain woman engagement and participation above 50% to secure woman participation during the planning and development of the project and from the total speakers at the workshops, Pos seek to at least engage 25% of female presenters. Sex diss-aggregated data from participants and speakers will be presented in the complete report of this project.

Work Plan

Time

Task

Deliverables

October 2020

Project Overseer (PO) drafts Request for Proposal

(RFP) (including Evaluation Criteria and this Timeline ensuring it is consistent with the Project Proposal)

 Draft RFP

October 2020

Program Director (PD) and Program Executive (PE)  review draft RFP (including checking Milestones, Evaluation Criteria and Timeline)

Revised RFP

October 2020

PO makes required changes to RFP

Final RFP

November 2020

PD gives final approval of RFP

- PO sends out invitation to at least three (3) suitable Contractors to respond to the RFP

Bidding process

November 2020

Period of tender

Evaluation Panel

Evaluation template

November 2020 – December 2021

Period of evaluation, selection and contract

Contractor.

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

August 2020

1.     Engagement of APEC economies and dissemination of the project objectives: APEC economies will be contacted to engage its participation in this project. Other stakeholders from economies could be contacted to secure broader information.

2.     Collection and analysis of Aquaculture production published information from APEC economies.

3.     Elaboration of Survey

Current published Aquaculture production status and practices

Survey

September -December 2020

Online Survey application

Survey Results

November 2020

Preparation of Workshop 1 draft agenda

Draft agenda

November 2020

Evaluation, selection and send out invitation to potential speakers for Workshop 1

Speakers invited

December 2020- January

2021

Send out invitation to APEC economies for Workshop 1

Invitations sent

1 April 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

January – April 2021

Hosting preparations for Workshop 1

Send final agenda to participants (April 2021)

Workshop 1

March 2021

Consideration and evaluation to shift Workshop 1 to a virtual event

Virtual Workshop 1

April 2021

Final draft of the Survey for the Status of Aquaculture in APEC economies and publication sent to APEC secretariat for revision

Survey for the Status of Aquaculture in APEC economies and publication

May 2021

Workshop 1 Implemented

Workshop 1

June 2021

Sent invitations for Workshop 2 and draft Agenda to APEC economies

Invitations sent

December 2020- August 2021

1.     Preparation of Good Aquaculture practices Handbook and Self-Evaluation Tool (APSET) for APEC economies.

2.     Preparation of Workshop 2

Aquaculture practice Handbook and Self-Evaluation Tool (APSET)

August 2021

Workshop 2 implemented

Good AMU aquaculture practice workshop

May 2021 - October 2021

Preparation of Workshops summary report

Workshops summary report

August– October 2021

Final revision of Good Aquaculture Practices Handbook and Self-Evaluation Tool (APSET) for APEC economies

Good Aquaculture practices Handbook and Self-Evaluation Tool for APEC economies sent.

1 November 2021

Submission of  the 4 outputs from this project:

1) Survey for the Status of Aquaculture in APEC economies and publication;

2) Workshops summary report;

3) Aquaculture Production Self Evaluation Tool (APSET); and

4) Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook.

Outputs submitted

February 2022

Submission of APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents

APEC Project Completion Report

June 2022

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat

POs answer the evaluation

Risks

Currently a worldwide pandemic, Covid 19, does not only has been devastating, but the so-called lockdown measures have turned the way face to face meeting can be held, and economies ´s budget and human resources have had to be redirected their efforts to contain the ravages of this disease in their own territories. Given this situation, the following potential risks could affect the development and implementation of the project;

· Low Survey Response: Chile already has perform online survey related to this subject in past APEC projects, to avoid receptor feel overwhelmed by the extra work that the survey may imply, the survey will be short, for this, the complete survey will be divided in subparts that will be send at different times, furthermore, the project overseer and the collaborators will gathered  updated published information to avoid some questions where the answer is already available.

· Low economy participation at workshops: travel budget restrictions must be applied at economies given the containment of Covid 19. To avoid low participation, several letters and engagement of high-level policy makers will be done through the Chilean authorities and the other organizations involved in the project implementation.

·  Presential Face to Face meeting: If the current Covid 19 pandemic prolongs in time, several measures will be implemented at hosting to avoid possible contagion among the participants. If movement is not possible online platform for meeting will be used to secure the delivery of the project outputs.

·  Air tickets: Increase in the price of air tickets could happen due to less seat available in each flight. To mitigate this, the nomination form will be send to economies 4 months in advance to the workshops, so the best rate available will be purchased.

·  Low application of knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project: In order to secure and facilitate the use of the Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook, the workshop 2 will be focussed in training the participants in the understanding of how the APSET use and qualification will be sign the start point at the handbook for the user. The idea is to deliver a way where the handbook could be use in a stepwise approach.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Project Activity

Outcome expected

APEC economies engagement and 1- 5 outcomes delivered.

16/21 economies engaged and participating in the survey and workshops

Update surveys on Aquaculture production practices

16/21 economies answering and delivering the information through the survey

Workshop 1

16/21 participants economies at the workshop

Workshop 2

16/21 participants economies at the workshop and from the 16 at least

50% must correspond to the less developed ones.

1 of each nominee participant from APEC economies must be a woman

Project implementation

More than 50% of the Staff that will contribute to the implementation of t

this project from the proposal economy, partner organizations and co-sponsored economies must be women

25% of the speakers must be female presenters

50% of workshops participants must be women.


Linkages

The project will be implemented by the Chilean Food Safety and Quality Agency (ACHIPIA) with the collaboration of the Monterey Bay Aquarium,  the Global Food Safety Partnership Program (GFSP) and the Agriculture and Food Global Engagement Unit of the World Bank , the Technical Institute of Salmon (INTESAL) Chile and the Chile´s Fishery Service (SERNAPESCA), all of them will contribute with their technical expertise in Good aquaculture practices, Aquaculture foreign market regulation,  AMU, food safety, food production sustainability and production environment protection. Information provided by the APEC Ocean and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) will be also a key factor for the development and implementation of this project proposal activities.


Sustainability

The project contemplates several outputs that will have all the information collected through the project activities available for further consultation and use by the economies. The ASEPT and the Good Aquaculture practices will be designed, so not only workshop or project participants will be able to use it, any person from the APEC economies will be able to perform their own self-evaluation of its aquaculture practices using the ASEPT tool and then use the step wise approach Good Aquaculture Practice Handbook to enhance or strength their production, regulation or specific productive sector guidelines after the project implementation and APEC funding finished.

In order to measure the use of the AEPT and Handbook by the APEC economies, participants will be contacted 1 months after the end of the project in order to evaluate the use and dissemination by them in their economies. Also, a download tracker from the web site will be implemented in order to measure the potential users of this outputs. 

Project Overseers

This project will jointly be developed by the Chilean Food Safety and Quality Agency (ACHIPIA) and the Monterrey Bay Aquarium Sea Watch Program and will count with the collaboration of the GFSP and the Agriculture and Food Global Engagement Unit of the World Bank and the Fish and Aquaculture Regulatory authority of Chile, SERNAPESCA. Thus, each of the named Institution will have a role in the development of the project outputs and outcomes. Having different institutions involved and collaborating will secure the One Health Approach seeking with this project. The PO were selected taking into account their complimentary backgrounds in Food microbiology, Antimicrobial Resistance and Aquaculture production and husbandry practices expertise, so balance among the project were maintained.

Project Overseers:

Constanza Vergara E.: PhD Candidate in Veterinary Sciences, Veterinary with 13 years of experience in Microbiology. Currently she is a scientific adviser at the Chilean Food Safety and Quality Agency under the Ministry of Agriculture, where she coordinates and execute the implementation of several multilateral projects related to Antimicrobial Resistance, Food Fraud, National Food Safety Systems, among others. She has represented Chile at International Food Safety Forums, such as Codex Alimentarius and FSCF, and work with the academia on food safety research projects.

Rolando Ibarra: Veterinary, with 20 years of experience in aquaculture. Currently, he is a senior fellow on aquaculture sustainability in the Monterey Bay Aquarium seafood Watch in United States.  Previously and for the last ten years, he has been Head of the Fish Health and Food Safety area at the national association of salmon farmers in Chile, coordinating and leading multidisciplinary work teams in the sanitary, productive, and food safety areas. Among the main achievements during his tenure, the following stand out: the design, implementation, and monitoring of good farming  practices for the control of epidemic  diseases; Preparation of regulatory proposals for surveillance and control of viral, parasitic and bacterial infections in Chile; and the technical coordination of the plan to reduce the use of antibiotics in the salmon industry in Chile. Besides, he has represented the industry on issues related to bilateral trade, CODEX, and OIE, among others. In the academic field, he has more than 15 indexed scientific publications in the areas of fish health and food safety.


Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable

Direct Labour

Term of reference of the duties for contractor will be:

Number of hours

Task

Product

20

analyse and write the report from surveys results

Report of information gathered on surveys

50

find all       updated available information of public access related to aquaculture in APEC economies and summarize

Summary and bibliography of relevant information for the Survey of Status of Aquaculture in APEC

economies and publication

80

write the “Survey of Status of Aquaculture in APEC

economies and publication under POs supervision

Survey of Status of Aquaculture in APEC economies and publication

40

write workshops summary report under POs

 supervision

Workshops summary report

40

Write Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook under POs supervision

Good Management Aquaculture Practice Handbook

30

secure language and edition of all the outputs according APEC Publication Guidelines

High level language and in  accordance with APEC guidance use in the publication and report


Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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