Project Title

Developing an APEC Best Practices Framework to Address Abandoned, Lost or Discarded Fishing Gear 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

OFWG 05 2020A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

OFWG 05 2020A 

Project Title

Developing an APEC Best Practices Framework to Address Abandoned, Lost or Discarded Fishing Gear 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

131,000 

Co-funding Amount

4,000 

Total Project Value

135,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Malaysia; Thailand; United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Chile; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2020 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Tengku Balkis Binti Tunku Shahar / Watcharapong Chumchuen 

Job Title 1

Fisheries Officer 

Organization 1

Department of Fisheries / Fisheries Foreign Affairs Division, Department of Fisheries 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(60-3) 88704210 / (66-2) 5797941 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

balkis@dof.gov.my / w.chumchuen@gmail.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Nicholas Austin 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Office of Oceans and Polar Affairs, US Department of State 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

(1-703) 8553832 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

austinnd2@state.gov 

Declaration

Tengku Balkis Binti Tunku Shahar / Watcharapong Chumchuen / Nicholas Austin 

Project Summary

Abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) is one of the most harmful forms of marine debris, incurring significant economic costs and negatively impacting food security by reducing harvestable fish stocks by 5-30% in some fisheries. The project will identify key challenges and capacity development needs associated with addressing ALDFG and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in the APEC region. We aim to build APEC Economies’ capacity to effectively address both issues by increasing regional uptake of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)’s Voluntary Guidelines for the Marking of Fishing Gear (VGMFG) and the Global Ghost Gear Initiative® (GGGI)’s Best Practice Framework for the Management of Fishing Gear (BPF) and engaging fishery management and industry stakeholders through a workshop in Thailand. Project outputs — an APEC-focused ALDFG best practices guide and a compendium on regional gear-marking schemes — will support implementation of the APEC Roadmap on Combatting IUU Fishing and the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG), also known as ‘ghost gear’, is a significant component of marine litter, with far-reaching impacts on marine ecosystems, fisheries resources and coastal communities. ALDFG continues to catch both target and non-target species (‘ghost-fishing’), entangling and killing marine animals, including threatened, protected, or endangered species as well as commercially harvestable fish species. ALDFG has significant and dire impacts on fisheries across the APEC region, and a 2020 APEC report estimated that the fisheries and aquaculture sector experience US$1.5 billion in direct damages from marine plastics each year. Further, the region relies upon sustainable fisheries for its economic growth and to ensure food security for its growing populations.

This project will benefit all APEC Economies, especially developing economies within the APEC region that have a robust fisheries sector and that rely on sea-based protein for food security. In partnership with the Global Ghost Gear Initiative® (GGGI), the project will increase awareness among APEC fisheries managers, policymakers, and private sector representatives on the FAO’s Voluntary Guidelines for the Marking of Fishing Gear (VGMFG) and associated best practices for gear management as captured in the GGGI Best Practice Framework for the Management of Fishing Gear (BPF) to reduce ALDFG incidence in the region. Due to the close linkage between ALDFG and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, the project will have additional benefit that will result in a reduction in IUU fishing in the region through more comprehensive fisheries management, including gear-marking, reporting and associated practices and policies. Further, the APEC ALDFG best practices guide developed through the project will serve as a guiding document to inform sustained efforts to continue reducing ALDFG occurrence in future years, and will lead to more sustainable fisheries production and greater food security and economic prosperity for the APEC region. The principles as described in both the GGGI BPF and the VGMFG will be assessed on their suitability for implementation in the APEC region and associated case studies of best practice examples relevant to APEC economies will be provided.

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project seeks to achieve fundamental objectives of both the APEC Roadmap on Combatting IUU Fishing and the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris, which focus on building technical and institutional capacities to combat IUU fishing and address marine debris. The project sits perfectly on both APEC Chile and Malaysia host year priorities: sustainable growth and driving innovative sustainability, respectively. The project also addresses priorities endorsed by Senior Officials at the 2019 Informal Senior Officials Meeting.

The project’s workshop will facilitate sharing of experience, best practices, and lessons learned among member economies, corporates and international organizations and will identify key challenges of fishing gear marking and addressing ALDFG in capture fisheries and aquaculture operations to minimize the impact of ALDFG and to combat IUU fishing in the APEC region.

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project will build capacities of APEC member economies through the following:

●  Increase awareness and knowledge regarding impacts of ALDFG and on solutions to overcome ALDFG issues to ultimately strengthen sustainable fisheries development of APEC Economies. Both knowledge products – the ALDFG Best Practices Guide (see Output 1) and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes (see Output 2) – will offer tailored guidance on how to best manage and mark fishing gear within the different fisheries in APEC economies to achieve a reduction in ALDFG. Both documents will include appropriate case-study examples of best practice and solution projects that the Economies can draw on and replicate in their economy. The GGGI will ensure to include new innovative approaches as well as trialed and tested concepts from different sectors (Government, Private Sector, NGOs) within the case study section.

The two publications, which will be published as APEC publications, will be distributed and promoted to APEC Economies. The in-person or virtual workshop (see Output 3), will ensure that further insights from local and regional experts are captured within these tools as well as offer an opportunity to socialize ALDFG guidance amongst key stakeholders.

Before the workshop, a survey will be conducted to capture the level of understanding within APEC on ALDFG, as well as the actions already underway. To capture feedback and measure progress, a post-workshop survey will also be conducted to measure the improved understanding of the participating stakeholders as well as planned next steps at their  economy level. These surveys will mirror the format used by the GGGI during the 4 regional workshops conducted alongside FAO in 2019 and of which the results are discussed here. The comparative analysis of both survey results will be included in the workshop report. The workshop report can be published as a stand-alone document or can be integrated with the ALDFG Best Practices Guide as suggested below – depending on the preference of the APEC Secretariat.

After the publication of the knowledge products, they will be promoted through the APEC website, and through one-on-one follow up with participating economies. GGGI is also able to give a (virtual) presentation or webinar to the APEC OFWG if desirable to encourage follow-through and further uptake.

●  Support the implementation of the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris and the APEC Roadmap on IUU Fishing through enhancement and elaboration of actions required of fisheries and by developing regional and economy-level strategies and frameworks to achieve fisheries related objectives.

●Raise awareness and understanding of the FAO VGMFG and associated best practice measures for both capture fisheries and aquaculture operations, and further develop, refine and promote their implementation in the APEC context by both industry stakeholders and policy makers. During the workshop we will discuss and explain the two knowledge tools, but also run the participants through a number of hands-on exercises to ensure full understanding of the relevant best practices, how they can be applied and why it is important that they are implemented. One of the final exercises is the development of an ALDFG action plan for relevant fisheries as well as a guided discussion on how fisheries management plans and CSR policies can be updated to include ALDFG guidance. The outcome of this exercise will form the foundation for APEC economies to build on to develop ALDFG actions. For our private sector stakeholders, GGGI will also offer complimentary access to their newly developed online interactive BPF training tool which runs fishing company stakeholders through a number of videos, exercises and examples of how to include ALDFG management effectively in business operations. This approach has been successfully implemented in other countries in the past – Vanuatu for example updated their FAD management policies, and Panama developed a full ALDFG action plan following similar workshops as the one described above, while the private entity, Thai Union developed a public facing ALDFG Corporate Strategy. Such plans and strategies include actions on reporting, gear marking, FIPs, solution projects and policy change. Our intention is to deliver the same outcomes for participating APEC economies.

In the event that the workshop has to take place virtually, the development of these plans can still go ahead through a virtual workshop. The approach for this last section of the Programme, is to first convene all stakeholders in a plenary session where examples are discussed, followed by break-out groups per stakeholder category, and a report back and discussion in plenary. GGGI resources staff will be at hand to provide support to each of the virtual break-out groups.

● Enhance dialogue and APEC-wide cooperation and coordination between participating economies and stakeholders to address ALDFG, highlighting case studies of best practice being carried out in the APEC region or with the opportunity to be replicated in the APEC region. Our suggestion would be to focus both on APEC economies with limited ALDFG plans to date but with a real desire and need to address this issue; as well as economies who are already well-advanced on the topic and can share their ‘best practise’ experience and approach to date. Economies that we would like to include but are not limited to: US, Canada, New Zealand, Taiwan, Malaysia, South Korea, Japan, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Indonesia, Vietnam and Thailand.

● Identify key challenges and capacity development needs associated with addressing ALDFG and implementing tools such as the VGMFG and the GGGI Best Practice Frameworks.

●  Produce outputs to inform subsequent steps to be taken by FAO and GGGI to support economies in the APEC region to implement instruments, measures and tools to prevent and reduce ALDFG and ensure implementing workshop outcomes as well as the gear marking compendium and APEC Best Practices Guide.

Objectives

Our primary objective is to build capacity of APEC fisheries managers, policy-makers and key private sector representatives to more effectively manage fishing gear and improve fishing practices to prevent gear loss, thereby reducing incidence of ALDFG and marine plastic debris, which affect both capture fisheries (e.g., unintentional reduction of fish stocks) and aquaculture operations in the APEC region. The project will promote sharing experiences, best practices and mechanisms for managing fishing gear to minimize the impact of ALDFG and provide clear guidance and next steps to Member Economies, multilateral organizations and the private sector on how to implement solutions to help strengthen capacity on fishery resources management in APEC economies.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project responds to the Sustainability for a Resilient Food System of the 2016 Piura Declaration on APEC Food Security, which encourages APEC Economies to adopt policies and expand technical and economic cooperation to improve governance, foster efficient use of natural resources, ensure ecosystem integrity and enhance resilience. Further, by building APEC policy-making and management capacity and by developing a regional strategy to reduce ALDFG and improve fisheries management, this project directly supports the 2020 host-year Driving Innovation Sustainability priority and its specific initiatives on advancing the agenda on food security and innovative waste management through circular economy. These initiatives build on the 2013 Bali Leaders Declaration commitment to pursue cross-sectoral work under the APEC Initiative on Mainstreaming Ocean-related Issues to maintain the health and sustainability of our oceans and coastal resources for the benefit of food security, poverty eradication, preservation of traditional culture and knowledge, conservation of biodiversity and facilitation of trade and investment.

Alignment – Forum: The project will implement several priorities of the OFWG strategic plan (2019-2021), including Sustainable Development and Protection of the Marine Environment; Food Security; and Blue Economy. Further, it will help implement both the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris and the APEC Roadmap on IUU Fishing. Specifically this project will implement the following Marine Debris Roadmap goals: Encouraging an APEC consolidated approach by driving policy development and coordination at every level, from regional cooperation down to local governments, across all relevant fora and agencies; Fostering research and innovation for the development and refinement of new methodologies and solutions for monitoring, preventing, and reducing marine debris; Promoting sharing of best practices and lessons learned and enhancing cooperation. Regarding the APEC Roadmap in IUU Fishing, this project will increase capacities of APEC economies to effective mange fisheries through more effective gear management, which is an important consideration in understanding the scale of IUU fishing. The project will address both underlying objectives of the IUU Roadmap. The project also aligns with the OFWG core commitment to ensure “the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources as well as protection of marine ecosystems needed to support fisheries and aquaculture”.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1)  ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region

Publication of 50-100 pages including references and case studies; if combined with the workshop report and additional 20-30 pages will be included.

The ALDFG Best Practices Guide will built on the foundation of the GGGI developed Best Practice Framework for the Management of Fishing Gear (BPF) in Capture Fisheries (initially launched in 2017; updated version will be launched in September 2020), the GGGI developed BPF in Aquaculture Operations (to be launched in January 2021), and the UN FAO VGMFG. The principles as described in the  both the GGGI BPF and the VGMFG will be assessed on their suitability for implementation in the APEC region and associated case studies of best practice examples relevant to APEC economies will be provided. The Guide will first describe the relevant principles and the research behind them, followed by case studies on how they have been implemented in projects, policy, fisheries and corporate management. If the workshop report should not be published as a separate document, this will be included as an annex including a comparative analysis of the pre- and post-workshop surveys. The intent of the document is to point out and explain relevant gear management best practices; and bring them to live through practical real-life examples to inspire stakeholders and Economies to take action and be aware of all the positive progress already being made around the world.

Output 1 directly supports Outcome 1 (as noted below), i.e. by identifying and compiling region-specific best practices for addressing ALDFG. The draft document produced under this output will be reviewed and revised under Output 3 and, once finalized, the ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region will support all four project outcomes, i.e. by raising awareness, building capacity and harmonizing approaches among stakeholders in the APEC region to effectively address ALDFG. Tasks to accomplish the activities under Output 1 will be conducted primarily in the U.S. from October 2020 through April 2021 due to COVID-19 considerations. GGGI will oversee and coordinate Activity 1.A and will lead on Activity 1.B with support from project partners.

Activity 1.A: Select and contract expert to draft the ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region

Tasks:

a.  Draft ToR for contracting expert to conduct Activity 1.A and submit to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 31 October 2020)

b. Execute $8,000 contract with expert to conduct Activity 1.A (target completion by 30 November 2020, pending APEC Secretariat approval of ToR)

c. Expert to develop initial draft of the ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (target completion of initial draft by 30 April 2021), including:

i. Assessing APEC region-specific needs and challenges related to fishing gear management, gear loss and IUU fishing;

ii. Adapting the GGGI BPF on Wild Capture Fisheries, the GGGI BPF on Aquaculture Operations and the FAO VGMFG focusing on the APEC region and researching and collating case study examples; and

iii. Producing an initial draft of the Guide for review by participants at the Regional Stakeholder Workshop (see Output 3).

Activity 1.B: Finalize and publish ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region

Tasks:

a. Integrate feedback on draft received from workshop participants (target completion by 30 November 2021)

b. Finalize ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region to share with OFWG, including workshop summary report (see Output 3) (target completion by 1 December 2021)

c.  Circulate final document for endorsement (target completion by 15 January 2022)

d. Publish and disseminate final approved document (target completion by 31 March 2022)

2)   APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes

Publication of 50 to 70 pages including case studies and references

The APEC specific Gear Marking Compendium is aimed to be a further elaboration to the guidance provided in the VGMFG. The Compendium will provide more detailed descriptions of the various gear marking and gear tracking techniques mentioned in the VGMFG, as well as case study examples of how these techniques have been piloted or implemented. The Guide will also give a description of how gear marking needs to work in conjunction with gear (loss) reporting mechanisms, supply chain traceability schemes and potential fishing gear licensing and EPR requirements. We will draw on peer reviewed publications and literature as well as the findings of various solutions projects and pilot schemes already underway (e.g. Norway and Iceland) and highlight lessons learned. An example publication that we will draw from is the Technical Paper produced for COFI 32 here on a pilot study in Indonesia on gear marking in small scale gillnet fisheries.

Output 2 directly supports Outcome 1, i.e. by identifying and compiling region-specific best practices for addressing ALDFG. The draft document produced under this output will be reviewed and revised under Output 3 and, once finalized, the APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes will support all four project outcomes, i.e. by raising awareness, building capacity and harmonizing approaches among stakeholders in the APEC region to effectively address ALDFG. Tasks to accomplish the activities under Output 2 will be conducted primarily in the U.S. from October 2020 through April 2021 due to COVID-19 considerations. GGGI will oversee and coordinate Activity 2.A and will lead on Activity 2.B with support from project partners.

Activity 2.A: Select and contract expert to compile a compendium of regionally appropriate gear-marking schemes and techniques for APEC regional context

Tasks:

a. Draft ToR for contracting expert to conduct Activity 2.A and submit to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 31 August 2020)

b. Execute $12,000 contract with expert to conduct Activity 2.A (target completion by 30 November 2020, pending APEC Secretariat approval of ToR)

c.  Expert to develop initial draft of the APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes (target completion of initial draft by 30 April 2021), including:

i.  Conducting desk research to identify gear-marking schemes and techniques in use across the APEC region as well as case-study examples;

ii.  Interviewing fishers, fisheries managers and other key stakeholders in the region to assess impact, challenges, risks and successes in real-life application of gear-marking schemes and techniques; and

iii. Producing an initial draft of the Compendium for review by participants at the Regional Stakeholder Workshop (see Output 3).

Activity 2.B: Produce final APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes

Tasks:

a.  Integrate feedback on draft received from workshop participants (GGGI lead with partners’ support; target completion by 30 November 2021)

b.  Finalize APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes to share with OFWG (target completion by 1 January 2022)

c.  Circulate final document for endorsement (target completion by 15 February 2022)

d. Publish and disseminate final approved document (target completion by 31 March 2022)

2)   Regional Stakeholder  Workshop on ALDFG

The purpose of this workshop is to bring together regional stakeholders to share knowledge and strengthen capacity to incorporate ALDFG best practices into member economies’ and regional policy, legislation and industry practice — including reducing gear loss through effective gear-marking schemes - in APEC Economies (Outcome 1). Specifically, we aim to convene 57 participants (including 22 travel-eligible, 20 non travel-eligible, 3 experts and 12 staff) — travel-eligible participants will be public and private sector stakeholders from APEC Economies; experts will be from FAO, regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) and research institutes such as the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC); staff will be from the Malaysia Department of Fisheries, Thailand Department of Fisheries, U.S. Department of State, U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Ocean Conservancy/GGGI.

An example agenda of the proposed workshop and detailed description of activities and stakeholder feedback can be found in the Report of 2019 FAO Regional workshops on best practices to prevent and reduce ALDFG in collaboration with the GGGI. We will take a similar approach for the APEC focused workshop taking into account the lessons-learned and feedback from the evaluation surveys from this 2019 workshop series hosted by GGGI. The workshop agenda will focus on building an understanding on ALDFG (causes, impacts, drivers, volume) within the APEC region; educating participants on the various approached to prevent, mitigate and remediate ALDFG; and then putting all the learnings into practice during the final session on strategy planning and action plan building. One of the key success factors from previous workshops is that stakeholders are able to interact and learn from each other throughout the course of the Programme.

The workshop is slated to be held for three consecutive days in Phuket, Thailand, in June 2021. However, given the uncertain trajectory of the global pandemic and resultant impacts on travel and in-person events, we will also explore how best to convene the workshop virtually should that be necessary. The project partners have successfully hosted interactive online events, particularly in recent months (for example during the World Economic Forum Virtual Ocean Dialogues, as well as a four part series on best practice gear management for GGGI stakeholders and fishers), and are committed to ensuring participants’ engagement via virtual platforms should an in-person meeting not be possible by June 2021. If the event is to be held virtually, the agenda will likely span across various days with limited sessions (e.g. 1-3 hours per day) versus three consecutive, 8-hour days, to enable better attendance and results for participants.

The workshop supports all project outcomes by raising awareness of the issue and sensitizing regional stakeholders to ALDFG prevention best practices as a path toward harmonizing regional efforts to address the issue. The following tasks will be conducted primarily in Thailand and the U.S. from October 2020 through September 2021 to complete activities under Output 3. GGGI will have significant involvement in these activities, including overseeing the expert contracted to support the workshop and ensuring coordination with project partners.

Activity 3.A: Arrange workshop logistics

Tasks:

a.  Draft ToR for contracting expert to conduct Activities 3.A, 3.B and 3.C and submit to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 31 October 2020)

b.  Execute $7,000 contract with expert to conduct Activities 3.A, 3.B and 3.C (target completion by 30 November 2020, pending APEC Secretariat approval of ToR)

c. Submit General Information Circular to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 31 December 2020)

d. Confirm provisional arrangements with host venue in Phuket (target completion by 31 December 2020)

e. Submit list of proposed workshop speakers and participants to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 15 January 2021)

f. Determine whether event will be held in-person or virtually (target completion by 1 February 2021)

g. Issue invitations to workshop speakers and participants (target completion by 15 March 2021, pending approval from APEC Secretariat)

h. Finalize arrangements with host venue in Phuket (if proceeding with in-person workshop) or identify preferred online platform (if proceeding with virtual workshop) (target completion by 31 March 2021)

i. Develop workshop agenda aligned with APEC region-specific adaptation of the BPF (see Output 1) and submit to APEC Secretariat for approval (target completion by 31 March 2021)

j.  Send General Information Circular with confirmed agenda (target completion by 30 April 2021)

Activity 3.B: Implement workshop

Tasks:

a.  Conduct workshop sessions, whether in-person or online, including participant review of the draft ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (see Output 1) and the APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes (see Output 2) (exact dates to be determined; target completion 30 June 2021),

b. Conduct post-workshop evaluation with participants to assess effectiveness (target completion by 31 September 2021)

Activity 3.C: Produce report summarizing workshop activities and impact

Tasks:

a. Compile summary of discussions, knowledge sharing, lessons learned and participants’ assessment of workshop effectiveness (expert lead with partners’ support; target completion by 30 November 2021)

b.  Finalize Summary Report for inclusion as an annex to the ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (see Output 1) (target completion by 1 January 2022)

Outcomes: 

1) Strengthened ability/capacity of workshop participants to incorporate ALDFG best practices into domestic and regional policy, legislation and industry practice - including reducing gear loss through effective gear-marking schemes- in APEC economies. Workshop participants will understand the key considerations for implementing best practices and gear-marking schemes.

2)  Dissemination of the APEC Best Practices Guide to the broader APEC community to strengthen the ability/capacity to undertake and directly conduct ghost gear best practices and gear marking schemes. The final Best Practices Guide will provide a step-by-step process to assist practitioners in implementing effective ALDFG best practices, gear marking schemes, and help address gear loss.

3) Better informed APEC community on the importance of addressing ALDFG as a particularly harmful form of marine debris that has serious economic repercussions at the regional, domestic, and local levels. Policymakers and private sector stakeholders can use the best practices and gear marking guidelines for mitigation, guide the development of new prevention policies, and evaluate the effectiveness of existing ALDFG abatement efforts.

4) Harmonization of gear marking and ALDFG mitigation techniques and policies to enable improved abatement of ALDFG across the APEC region. The ALDFG Best Practices Guide and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes will be available as tools to guide policymakers and the private sector to relevant existing methodologies.

Beneficiaries: The project will provide benefit throughout the APEC region to build capacities to more effectively address the problem of sea-based marine debris, ALDFG in particular, and its impacts on economies and communities. The benefit will be especially important to APEC developing economies, particularly those in Southeast Asia, that face the most significant impacts and costs of marine debris, are extremely reliant on healthy fisheries, and that lack adequate capacity to address marine debris.

The direct project participants will be determined by querying OFWG delegates to determine the most appropriate individuals. To ensure the most effective outcome for the project, primary beneficiaries/participants should be those representing an economy ministry or institution that is responsible for managing fisheries and/or managing marine debris incidence. These will be economy representatives from ocean or coastal ministries or environmental ministries or research institution representatives that work with economy ministries responsible for marine debris/fisheries management. Target criteria for these individuals include: experience managing fisheries; experience or responsibility for developing fisheries management policies and guidelines; general knowledge of marine debris issue, and ADLFG in particular; responsibility for the management of marine debris; responsibility for reporting on the incidence of marine debris/ALDFG.   

Users of the project’s outputs include economy officials from across APEC that are responsible for fisheries management and addressing marine debris. The product’s main outputs will help guide these officials and improve their ability to undertake gear marking activities and to build economy capacity to systematically address ALDFG. While the project is focused to benefit APEC economies primarily, its outputs will also have broader global application and can be used by any entity across the globe to develop their own approach to tackling ALDFG.

Ultimately, addressing a key source of marine debris in the APEC region, especially among developing economies, will be improved through implementation of this project. This will be due to the increased understanding and capacity on how to conduct the gear marking best practices and address ALDFG which will thus inform better policy and management interventions to address this environmental and economic issue. This will be especially important as the region and its developing economies respond to the Covid-19 pandemic and its resulting economic issues. By improving coastal environmental health, the project will result in benefits to the critical fisheries and even tourism sector to the region, especially those economies in Southeast Asia, that rely on healthy fisheries and coastal environments.

Dissemination

The ALDFG Best Practices Guide on wild capture fisheries and aquaculture operations and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region as APEC publications will be widely and freely shared with target audiences via multiple communications channels. Our primary target audiences include policy-makers, RFMOs, fishers and private sector stakeholders within APEC Economies; partners in the global fisheries and ocean policy space such as FAO and the International Maritime Organization (IMO); and other fisheries-dependent economies outside of the APEC region as a means of knowledge-sharing and building the global evidence base on ALDFG.  Communication and dissemination platforms include but are not limited to:

 APEC: Relevant sections of the APEC website, including the APEC Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris website, and APEC Economies’ websites, and virtual or in person presentation to relevant APEC bodies such as the OFWG.

- Media: Various websites and multi-pronged social media channels.

- Events: We will also seek to disseminate the Guide and Compendium via APEC meetings and side-events as well as other high-profile forums such as the UN Ocean Conference, Our Ocean Conference, IMO MEPC meetings, and RFMO meetings and associated side events and ASEAN events to foster scaling up and replication.

- Integration: In addition, we will also work with UN FAO to  incorporate project findings into the implementation of FAO’s forthcoming global ALDFG strategy and umbrella program, thus providing another platform for dissemination and to ensure implementation.

Gender

Women play an important and growing role in the fisheries and aquaculture sector in the APEC region, particularly in small-scale fishing communities in developing economies. This project would promote the following APEC women’s empowerment pillars: Leadership, voice and agency and Innovation and technology. The POs will seek to incorporate women in key roles of the project, including performing the contract work, serving as global experts and as participants in the workshop and other aspects of the project design and execution. The PO will target at least 30% of workshop participants as well as at least 30% of the experts/speakers as female.

If female participation falls below 30% the POs will take positive action to increase female participation. The POs will also consult with colleagues in the USG, in particular, at the US Agency for International Development who have worked on women’s empowerment through their work in the APEC region in the USAID-funded municipal waste recycling program and the Clean Cities Blue Ocean project, both projects aimed at other aspects of the marine debris problem. This work has examined the role of women in environmental management and these colleagues can provide strategies for increasing female participation in the workshop. The POs will also consult global experts to identify and engage female experts to be active participants in the project. PO is committed to collecting sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project workshop.  This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverable

Oct 2020

GGGI Sole Source Contract initiated

Executed contract with GGGI

End of Oct 2020

Submit draft ToRs to APEC Secretariat for contracting one expert to conduct Activity 1.A; one expert to conduct Activity 2.A; and one expert to conduct Activities under Output 3

Approved ToRs for contracting experts

End of Nov 2020

Select experts to draft ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (Output 1); compile information for the Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region (Output 2); and support the regional workshop (Output 3)

Executed contracts with selected experts

End of Dec 2020

Submit General Information Circular for regional workshop to APEC Secretariat; confirm provisional arrangements with workshop host venue in Phuket and explore options for hosting event virtually if necessary

Approved General Information Circular

15 Jan 2021

Submit list of proposed workshop speakers and participants to APEC Secretariat

Approved workshop speakers and participants

1 Feb 2021

Decision made to go forward with in-person workshop or shift to virtual event

Revised agenda and schedule (if necessary for virtual event)

15 Mar 2021

Issue invitations to workshop speakers and participants

Confirmed workshop speakers and participants

31 Mar 2021

Submit workshop agenda to APEC Secretariat; finalize arrangements with host venue in Phuket (if proceeding with in-person workshop) or identify online platform (if virtual)

Approved workshop agenda; venue/platform secured

Oct 2020 to Apr 2021

Draft APEC region-specific best practices for the management of fishing gear adapted from GGGI’s BPFs and the VGMFG and  develop gear marking compendium for APEC region (expert lead with partners’ support)

Draft ALDFG Best Practices Guide and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region

30 Apr 2021

Sending of General Information Circular’ with confirmed agenda

Circular and confirmed agenda

1 Apr 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to APEC Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

Jun 2021 (exact date TBD)

Host Regional Stakeholder Workshop (either for 3 days in Phuket, Thailand, or virtually over several days)

Workshop held

Jun to Sep 2021 (exact date TBD)

Conduct post-workshop evaluation

Evaluation survey data

30 Sep 2021

Draft workshop summary report and incorporate participants’ feedback into draft ALDFG Best Practices Guide and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes

Draft workshop summary report and revised documents

1 Nov 2021

Finalize ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (including Workshop Summary Report as an annex) and APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region to share with the Secretariat

Final ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region (with workshop summary report) and APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes

15 Dec 2021

Circulate final documents for endorsement

Endorsement of documents

Feb 2022

Submit APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents to Secretariat

All outputs and completion report

Jun 2022

Participation in Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects – Comparative analysis of the pre-and post-workshop survey results will be included in the workshop report.

PO input into evaluation completed


Risks

1. At the domestic level, competing priorities and limited funding to address ALDFG could present a risk to project implementation. However, based on current and prior work across the APEC region on marine debris issues and ALDFG, the support and instrumental role of APEC economies for the development and the adoption of the VGMFG, the stakeholder feedback gathered during the 2019 GGGI/FAO workshop series, and the momentum behind this, both at the domestic and regional levels, we are confident there is significant interest in — and political will for — developing and implementing a regional Guide focused on reducing ALDFG within capture fisheries and aquaculture.

2. The ongoing global pandemic caused by COVID-19 may also pose a risk to the project, given the cancellation of many upcoming events and uncertainty regarding the timing and likelihood of travel and in-person events in the near future. We have tried to manage for this risk by planning to conduct desk research and compilation of the guidance documents and other non-travel-related activities during the initial 6-9 months of the project, with the workshop slated for Spring/Summer of 2021, when ideally travel and in-person events may be safely resumed and the draft materials can be reviewed and form a strong backbone of the workshop agenda. The project partners will be working closely together on this project and will be able to adjust and develop contingencies, in coordination with the APEC Secretariat, should pandemic-related restrictions persist into 2021 and/or new issues emerge that would pose a risk to hosting the planned workshop in person. All project partners are committed to implement virtual options to ensure all deliverables are still met.

3. Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting best practices from the project could pose a risk as well: We will mitigate this risk by including a wide variety of case studies from the different APEC geographies in both the Compendium and the Best Practices Guide to ensure that the practical value in implementing both documents is clear. The workshop (virtual or in person) will also give all stakeholders a first-hand opportunity to provide feedback on the knowledge products and run through a series of exercises and facilitated discussions to get an in-depth understanding of what the tools involve and how they can be used in a domestic setting.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Outputs

Indicators

Output 1: ALDFG Best Practices Guide for APEC Region

Contract executed by September 2020

Draft document produced by February 2021 (TBD based on timing of

Stakeholder Workshop)

Feedback received from ## stakeholders by July 2021 (TBD based on timing of Stakeholder Workshop)

Final Guide produced and circulated for endorsement

Output 2: APEC Regional Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes

Contract executed by September 2020

Draft document produced by February 2021 (TBD based on timing of Stakeholder Workshop)

Feedback received from ## stakeholders by July 2021 (TBD based on timing of Stakeholder Workshop)

Final Compendium produced and circulated for endorsement

Output 3: Regional Stakeholder Workshop

Number of workshop attendees, disaggregated by sex, economy and sector

Number of travel-eligible participants, disaggregated by sex, economy and sector

Feedback provided on draft Guide and Compendium, disaggregated by sex, economy and sector

Summary of Regional Stakeholder Workshop shared with OFWG (as an annex to the ALDFG Best Practices Guide)

Outcomes

Indicators

Outcome 1: APEC region-specific best practices for addressing ALDFG — including reducing gear loss through effective gear-marking schemes — are identified and compiled for further uptake in domestic and regional policy, legislation and industry practice.

Review of existing strategies for addressing ALDFG and reducing gear loss in the APEC region completed

Assessment of other best practice approaches to reducing ALDFG not currently used in the APEC region, including innovative gear-marking schemes and other strategies to reduce gear loss, conducted to determine likely application in APEC regional contexts

Outcome 2: Workshop participants’ awareness of effective strategies for addressing ALDFG is enhanced.

Outcome 3: Capacity of RFMOs, policy-makers and private sector stakeholders in the APEC region to effectively manage fishing gear and improve fishing practices to prevent gear loss is strengthened.

At least 85% of participants report substantial knowledge increase using pre-/post-workshop assessment

At least 80% of workshop participants indicate an increased level of commitment to pursuing new ALDFG mitigation and gear marking initiatives after the workshop through evaluation surveys.

At least 30% of participants are women

Outcome 4: Best practices for managing fishing gear to reduce gear loss and prevent ALDFG in the APEC region are established and endorsed by APEC Economies.

Outcome 5: Clear guidance on implementing gear-marking schemes in APEC economies is provided to facilitate uptake of the VGMFG and help address both gear loss and IUU fishing.

APEC region-specific ALDFG Guide with at least # recommendations produced

ALDFG Best Practices Guide and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region produced as an APEC Publication

At least 4 APEC Economies commit to one or more best practice recommendations from the Guide within one year following publication

Survey data will be collected via questionnaire at the beginning and conclusion of the project workshop and through survey monkey for broader APEC feedback in addition to the workshop participants.

Linkages

The project is intended to be a cross-fora collaboration between OFWG, Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris, and the Policy Partnership on Food Security with interest to the Chemical Dialogue. The project will engage non-APEC stakeholders from the UN FAO, civil society and private sector representatives of small scale fisheries as well as larger fishing industry and aquaculture representatives.

Sustainability

The project will build capacity of participants through a collaborative process demonstrating evidence-based decision-making and policy development to better address ALDFG. The project outputs are specifically designed to ensure long-term impact, scalability, replication and sustainability for the APEC region. Further, this project will establish a model as well as a project blueprint for continued high-level dialogues to occur among APEC Economies and industry leaders to make commitments, share best practices and lessons learned, monitor and track progress, and share successes. APEC’s support for the region-specific Guide will provide an on-ramp for the POs and experts to engage APEC Economies with nascent ALDFG programming as well as to deepen engagement with countries already implementing ALDFG reduction plans. We envision hosting additional workshops or other events at future fora to showcase the successes and lessons learned from implementation of the Guide.

      Through the workshop, the project will raise participants’ awareness and build lasting capacity for effective strategies for addressing ALDFG. The most durable and sustainable outcome of the project will be the development of the APEC-specific best practices guidelines for addressing ALDFG and the gear marking compendium that will inform not only the direct project participants, but the regional as a whole for further uptake in domestic and regional policies, legislation and industry practices. Further, the project will build long-term capacity of the relevant RFMOs, policy-makers and private sector stakeholders in the APEC region to effectively manage fishing gear and improve fishing practices to prevent gear loss.

Reducing ALDFG and marine debris is now a top priority for  governments, UN agencies and industry leaders alike. With over 100 global members and 15 government signatories at present, the GGGI is firmly recognized as a leader in facilitating cross-sectoral collaboration to advance durable solutions to ALDFG. During 2018-2019, as FAO’s key civil society partner, GGGI conducted ALDFG capacity-building workshops in priority regions including British Columbia (for stakeholders in western Canada), Indonesia (Southeast Asia), Kenya (coinciding with the Sustainable Blue Economy conference), Panama (Latin America/Caribbean), Senegal (West Africa), and Vanuatu and Solomon Islands (South Pacific). With the most influential seafood companies as partners, including the Seafood Business for Ocean Stewardship (SeaBOS), the GGGI has unparalleled reach to drive best practices for ALDFG prevention throughout the global seafood value chain. With momentum for the ocean on the upswing, the GGGI, as a global, multi-stakeholder platform, is well-positioned to significantly advance APEC’s visibility as a regional leader on the issue of ALDFG.

Project Overseers

The PO for the overall project will be Nicholas Austin, U.S. Department of State, Office of Oceans and Polar Affairs; Tengku Balkis Binti Tunku Shahar, Malaysia Department of Fisheries; and Theerawat Samphawamana, Fisheries Foreign Affairs Division, Thailand Department of Fisheries.

As the lead NGO partner on the project, the GGGI, housed at Ocean Conservancy, will manage the production of the ALDFG Best Practices Guide and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region as well as the development and implementation of the stakeholder workshop. Ingrid Giskes, GGGI Acting Director, brings extensive knowledge on ALDFG and years of experience convening multi-stakeholder efforts on this issue. The GGGI under Ms. Giskes’s leadership has a solid track record in hosting and coordinating successful convenings of government and industry representatives through roundtables and side events held in conjunction with, for example, the UN Ocean Conference Preparatory Meeting in February 2016, the UN Ocean Conference, Our Ocean conferences, UN FAO Committee of Fisheries Meetings and the High-Level Political Forum meetings. The GGGI is a core initiative of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas® Program. Through this program, led by Senior Director Nicholas Mallos, Ocean Conservancy works to shape policy and galvanize support to address marine debris at the domestic, regional and global levels; build capacity for locally-appropriate solutions at the local level; engage the private sector and other key stakeholders to advance scalable, sustainable solutions; and foster data-driven science to build the global evidence base and inform best practices. Ocean Conservancy was among the founding members of the GGGI and assumed leadership of the GGGI in January 2019.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Key Ocean Conservancy/GGGI staff who will participate on this project include the following:

●  Ingrid Giskes, Director, GGGI, will serve as the primary liaison between project partners and the experts contracted to support development of the APEC Best Practices Guide, Gear-marking Compendium and stakeholder workshop. Giskes has been with the GGGI since its inception and brings extensive knowledge on ghost gear as well as experience leading multi-stakeholder efforts. She has a background in policy, international and public affairs. She is based in Sydney, Australia, and Santa Cruz, California, USA.

●      Joel Baziuk, Acting Deputy Director, GGGI, will provide day-to-day support to this project. Baziuk provides oversight, coordination and project management across the GGGI’s portfolio of activities. Previously, he was Operations Supervisor for Steveston Harbour Authority in Canada, where he oversaw the daily operations of the largest commercial fishing harbour in the economy and supported innovative net recycling and gear recovery initiatives. He is based in White Rock, British Columbia, Canada.

●      Jaclyn McGarry, Manager, GGGI, will ensure coordination and alignment across project partners and orchestrate activities to ensure regular communication and reporting. McGarry ensures effective coordination with all GGGI stakeholders, across the three GGGI working groups, the Expert Advisory Council, membership and leadership. She previously organized the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation’s annual Capitol Hill Ocean Week, the US premier annual conference examining current ocean policy issues. She is based at Ocean Conservancy’s Headquarters in Washington, DC, USA.

●      Nicholas Mallos, Senior Director, Trash Free Seas® Program, will oversee the strategy and management of this project, provide direction to staff and contracted experts, and ensure integration of this body of work within Ocean Conservancy’s larger Trash Free Seas Program. Mallos regularly engages in policy discussions at international fora including APEC and the United Nations, and is a frequent media commentator on marine debris. He is based in Portland, Oregon, USA.

Waivers

APEC Best Practices Framework to Address Abandoned, Lost, or Discarded Fishing Gear (ALDFG) Project Proposal Sole Source Justification for the Global Ghost Gear Initiative (GGGI)

The recently approved concept note on developing an APEC best practices framework to address abandoned, lost or discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) requires specialized knowledge and capacity to implement effectively. As the lead NGO partner on the project, the Global Ghost Gear Initiative (GGGI), housed at Ocean Conservancy, will manage the production of the ALDFG Best Practices Action Plan and Compendium of Gear-Marking Schemes for APEC Region as well as the development and implementation of the stakeholder workshop. Ingrid Giskes, GGGI Director, brings extensive knowledge on ALDFG and years of experience convening multi-stakeholder efforts on this issue. The GGGI under Ms. Giskes’s leadership has an excellent track record in hosting and coordinating successful convenings of government and industry representatives through roundtables and side events held in conjunction with, for example, the UN Ocean Conference Preparatory Meeting in February 2016, the UN Ocean Conference, Our Ocean conferences, UN FAO Committee of Fisheries Meetings and the High-Level Political Forum meetings. The GGGI is a core initiative of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas® Program. Through this program, led by Senior Director Nicholas Mallos, Ocean Conservancy works to shape policy and galvanize support to address marine debris at the domestic, regional and global levels; build capacity for locally-appropriate solutions at the local level; engage the private sector and other key stakeholders to advance scalable, sustainable solutions; and foster data-driven science to build the global evidence base and inform best practices. Ocean Conservancy was among the founding members of the GGGI and assumed leadership of the GGGI in January 2019.

GGGI’s work globally has positioned it with a unique combination of expertise in managing programs to help address ghost gear; a close relationship with various member economies in APEC, NGOs, other multilateral fora like the FAO, with private sector coalitions like the Trash Free Seas Alliance, and with private capital; unique scientific assessment and data collection tools; – leading to an exclusive capability to carry out this award.

With over 100 global members and 16 government signatories at present including APEC member economies the United States, Canada, and New Zealand; and projects and members in various other member economies such as Vietnam, Indonesia, Chile, Australia, Thailand and Peru, , the GGGI is firmly recognized as the leader in facilitating cross-sectoral collaboration to advance durable solutions to ALDFG. No other organization exists with a focused mission to address ALDFG that has the geographical and institutional reach and capacity to implement this project for APEC.

As example of GGGI’s past work, during 2018-2019, as FAO’s key civil society partner, GGGI conducted ALDFG capacity-building workshops in priority regions including British Columbia (for stakeholders in western Canada), Indonesia (Southeast Asia), Kenya (coinciding with the Sustainable Blue Economy conference), Panama (Latin America/Caribbean), Senegal (West Africa), and Vanuatu and Solomon Islands (South Pacific). With the most influential seafood companies as partners, including the Seafood Business for Ocean Stewardship (SeaBOS), the GGGI has unparalleled reach to drive best practices for ALDFG prevention throughout the global seafood value chain. With momentum for the ocean on the upswing, the GGGI, as a global, multi-stakeholder platform, is well-positioned to significantly advance APEC’s visibility as a regional leader on the issue of ALDFG.

Finally, GGGI has a proven history of solid stewardship of grant and contract funds for various activities funded by international governments including the United States.


Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 8.0 
Created at 22/10/2020 12:52  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 30/10/2020 16:53  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search