Project Title

Development of a Marine Debris Monitoring Decision Framework for APEC Economies 

Project Year

2020   

Project Number

OFWG 03 2020A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

OFWG 03 2020A 

Project Title

Development of a Marine Debris Monitoring Decision Framework for APEC Economies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2020 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

131,042 

Co-funding Amount

21,265 

Total Project Value

152,307 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Philippines; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2020 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Nick Austin 

Job Title 1

Foreign Service Officer 

Organization 1

US Department of State 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

Not Applicable 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

AustinND2@state.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Nick Austin 

Project Summary

Understanding the scope, scale and distribution of marine debris prevalence through marine debris monitoring is critical to informing cost effective policy and management approaches to address the issue. However, most APEC economies lack the capacity and resources to carry out proper monitoring and the expertise to develop and implement an effective marine debris monitoring program.

This project will engage APEC participants and key global experts to develop a marine debris monitoring decision framework (or guideline document) to assist APEC economies to practically undertake marine debris monitoring, based on local conditions, capacity, needs and issues. The framework will be developed with input from regional and global experts, then refined and tested at a workshop in September 2021 with participation of APEC representatives. The project will be fundamental for implementing the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris with significant cross-APEC benefit to working groups addressing this issue and will ultimately enable better comparison of marine debris data across APEC. The needs of developing economies will be specifically addressed in this project and through its output.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Marine debris, including marine plastic pollution from land and sea-based sources, is recognized as a global priority for action by the international community and is a priority in APEC. Marine debris affects all economies in APEC with substantial socio-economic impacts to fisheries, tourism, shipping and related industries, and can threaten basic food security in some economies in the region. 

This project will benefit all APEC economies, as it will result in a tool that can help guide economies in conducting marine debris monitoring and it will promote harmonization of marine debris monitoring methods across APEC. It will especially benefit developing APEC economies that currently lack the capability to adequately understand the amount and distribution of marine debris in their environments. As there are various global marine debris monitoring programs that exist, it can be challenging to determine which is the best fit and most feasible from a resource capacity standpoint. The project will develop a decision framework that will inform APEC economies of the most suitable methods to monitor marine plastic pollution in a specific location-given available resources and particular policy/management questions being asked. 

Such a framework is needed not only within the APEC region, but also globally and this effort will build off work of the Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP), which published a widely used monitoring guidelines document in 2019. This OFWG project will create a stand-alone document that advances the global discussion on harmonizing marine debris monitoring approaches that has taken place most recently through the GESAMP guidelines, and other monitoring reference materials. This will be achieved by developing a decision framework that is more accessible to practitioners and that can serve as a step-by-step guide to determine what monitoring protocol, practice, etc. is most appropriate in specific scenarios. Having this tool will lead to not only a better understanding of the issue, but importantly, the design and implementation of more effective and cost efficient policies and management practices across the APEC region to address this grave issue. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: The project fulfills the following funding priorities of the ASF General Fund: “Safeguarding the quality of life through environmentally sound growth” and “Promoting the development of knowledge-based economies” by enabling more effective management of key coastal resources that are vital to APEC developing economies’ tourism and fisheries sectors. Marine debris has significant deleterious effects to the region’s economic growth, as demonstrated by the recent “Update of 2009 APEC Report on Economic Costs of Marine Debris to APEC Economics” (APEC#220-OF-01.1). 

The project will support core work of the OFWG, Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris, and other relevant fora to more effectively address debris by enabling better understanding of the amounts, distribution and frequency of marine debris occurrence. The project will take a multi-stakeholder approach and engage government officials, civil society, private sector, academia, international organization and others in project planning and implementation. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project will build the capacity of APEC economies (especially the developing economies) and improve the economic and social well-being of populations by providing APEC policy makers and civil society entities with an effective means to measure marine debris incidence. This will better inform the development of the most effective and efficient measures to prevent and reduce marine debris, which will result ultimately in strengthened regional economic sectors, especially tourism and fisheries and aquaculture. 

The project will target key needs of APEC members and the OFWG in understanding how to measure marine debris. This is also being discussed within other high-level fora, such as the UN Environment Assembly, G7, G20, ASEAN, etc. and this effort will build off and enhance such global work. The project will also demonstrate global leadership of APEC and its economies in combatting marine debris. 

The project is well aligned with APEC needs and recent Ministerial and Leaders’ declarations by enhancing APEC economies’ understanding of the problem of marine debris and providing key information needed to promote effective management of marine debris. It also provides opportunities to vulnerable populations such as women and youth, as well as micro, small and medium sized enterprises for whom it is crucial to develop innovative solutions to marine debris.

Objectives

The project will build the capacity of project participants, and all APEC economies, to undertake effective marine debris monitoring to enable better understanding of the type, scale and distribution of marine debris in the APEC region. This will inform the design and implementation of more effective policies and management interventions to reduce marine debris incidence in the region and implement the APEC Marine Debris Roadmap. 

The project will develop, test and refine a marine debris monitoring decision framework through a stakeholder workshop and consultation with global experts. The framework will serve as a concrete product that can guide economies in undertaking marine debris monitoring in the near and long-term.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  By building capacity to monitor marine debris incidence, this project will provide a foundational benefit to informing many of the aspects of the 2020 host-year “Driving Innovative Sustainability” priority and its initiative on innovative waste management through circular economy. The effort also supports implementation of the APEC Marine Debris Roadmap as an output of the 2019 Ministerial priority. 

Alignment – Forum: By promoting a process to undertake marine debris monitoring and thus leading to a better understanding of the scale and scope of the issue within APEC economies, this project has tremendous potential to aid implementation of the APEC Marine Debris Roadmap. Most explicitly, this directly addresses the following elements of the Roadmap: “consider cross-fora collaboration on harmonization of macro and micro plastics monitoring methodologies and the best available technologies to reduce the release of plastic waste” and “support research and promote knowledge sharing - to assess marine debris impacts on coastal ecosystems (e.g., mangroves, sea grass, coral) and the marine environment”, among others. The project also aligns with the OFWG core commitment to ensure “the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources as well as protection of marine ecosystems needed to support fisheries and aquaculture”.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1. Conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring background research

a.  Contract consultant – includes drafting ToR, APEC Secretariat approvals and issuing of a contract. The contract will also include workshop facilitation duties (#3 below).

b. Contractor to conduct research to inform monitoring decision framework. This will include comprehensive assessment of existing literature/research on marine debris monitoring and the different methodologies to conduct monitoring, as well as evaluating strengths and limitations of the methodologies, types of data collected, developing comprehensive scenarios that managers face when trying to understand and better manage marine debris, and ultimately determining when each monitoring methodology and monitoring practice is most appropriate to use when considering myriad management goals and the resource and technology and resource constraints facing those conducting monitoring in developing economy settings. From this research, the contractor will develop an annotated outline of the monitoring decision framework that will include draft scenarios, or series of questions that will guide the user of the framework to selecting the best monitoring approach.

c. Contractor will share initial research with project technical leads and POs and review of research results and agree on annotated outline of decision framework document.

d. POs solicit global experts and APEC participants to serve on a Technical Advisory Committee for feedback into framework development throughout the project. 

2. Develop draft decision framework document

a. Following consultation with POs and technical advisors (in #1 above), contractor will develop draft monitoring decision framework document. This document will contain narrative text description of the following: background on why monitoring is important and how data can be used; examples of questions that monitoring can address for resource managers and other governing entities, researchers, community groups and others; considerations for establishing a monitoring program; information on sampling strategies; detailed information on existing monitoring methodologies, their advantages and limitations, as well as relative data collection information/data sheets; potential indicators to be used in monitoring; factors for consideration when technical and financial resources for monitoring are limited. The document will then present a decision framework in both graphic and narrative form that guides the user through a series of questions, based on the background/reference information described in earlier sections, to selecting the most appropriate methodology and indicators to use when undertaking monitoring. The decision framework purpose is to be a comprehensive document that can serve as a reference for any entity that intends to conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring. The audience includes: resource management entities-at economy to local level; research institutes; private entities; public or citizen organizations; or others that are trying to understand the scope of marine debris issues in a particular area. 

b. Contractor will present draft document to project technical leads and then update document based on feedback and circulate among the Technical Advisory Committee (including global experts to be engaged by project team) for wider input. This is likely to include the lead from the GESAMP Working Group 40 on marine plastics; the UN Environment Program marine litter team; and other prominent researchers from across the globe, that lead on marine debris monitoring. 

c. Contractor will incorporate input from initial expert review and produce draft decision framework for project technical leads to review. 

d. Contractor will prepare final draft decision framework document to be reviewed at project workshop. The document is expected to be approximately 50 pages at this stage. 

e. Following feedback received during workshop, contractor will develop updated draft of decision framework and circulate to POs and technical leads for review and final updating as well as to workshop participants. 

f. As part of the decision framework document, the contractor will also develop a summary or compendium of the decision framework that will present the framework in an abbreviated summary to be used as a reference guide once the material in the full document is well understood. The compendium will be an annex within the document (not a separate document) and can be printed by users and used in the field, etc. for quicker reference. It will be created after the main content is well developed. 

g. Contractor will incorporate any final edits or changes to the decision framework and develop final version of document (to be approximately 50-65 pages in length). 

h. Disseminate decision framework based on plan developed at workshop (and post to the Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris). 

i. Present updates at the OFWG meeting during 2022 SOM3 to be held in Thailand, and organize a special side event/session to promote the decision framework more broadly across APEC. 

3. Conduct a 2.5-day workshop in September 2021 in Nha Trang, Viet Nam to solicit expert review and test applicability of framework in APEC economies.

a. Project team to develop workshop guidance document with objectives and actions described. 

b. Consultation with workshop facilitator and planning communications.

c. Conduct workshop with up to 40 participants (including up to 22 travel eligible, 8 other APEC (self funded), 4 global experts and 4 staff (from the US and self-funded) and 2 contractors (to present on research and facilitate workshop input) to further develop the decision framework. The workshop will include the following objectives:

i) Solicit global expert and APEC regional input to the decision framework through a facilitated process

ii) Simulate use of the decision framework with APEC attendees to refine and ensure its applicability to the APEC region

iii) Capture input to inform a final draft of the decision framework document

iv) Provide training on different shoreline marine debris monitoring methodologies included in the framework

v) Develop a strategy to employ the decision framework in the APEC region and discuss dissemination plan to increase harmonization and regional capacity for marine debris monitoring 

Outcomes: 

1. Strengthened ability/capacity of workshop participants to undertake and directly conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring to better understand incidence of marine debris in APEC economies. Workshop participants will simulate the use of the framework, and understand the key considerations for designing and implementing a new shoreline monitoring program. Participants will also partake in field training on a selection of shoreline monitoring protocols included in the framework.

2. Dissemination of the decision framework to the broader APEC community to strengthen the ability/capacity to undertake and directly conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring to better understand incidence of marine debris in the region. The final decision framework will provide a step-by-step process to assist practitioners in implementing effective shoreline marine debris monitoring programs based on their specific monitoring needs and resources available.

3. Better informed APEC community on the importance of marine debris monitoring as a key component to addressing the issue. Practitioners can use marine debris monitoring to identify debris types as targets for mitigation, guide the development of new prevention policies, and evaluate the effectiveness of existing marine debris abatement efforts.

4. Harmonization of marine debris monitoring to enable comparison of marine debris monitoring data across the APEC region. The decision framework will be available as a tool to guide practitioners to relevant existing monitoring programs and methodologies, and reduce the likelihood of investment in developing novel monitoring protocols that cannot be effectively compared to existing datasets. 

Beneficiaries: The project will provide benefit throughout the APEC region to build capacities to more effectively understand the problem of marine debris and its impacts on economies and communities. The benefit will be especially important to APEC developing economies, particularly those in Southeast Asia, that face the most significant impacts and costs of marine debris and that lack adequate capacity to measure and address marine debris.

The direct project participants will be determined by querying OFWG delegates to determine the most appropriate individuals. To ensure the most effective outcome for the project, primary beneficiaries/participants should be those representing an economy ministry or institution that is responsible for measuring and/or managing marine debris incidence. These will be economy representatives from ocean or coastal ministries or environmental ministries or research institution representatives that work with economy ministries responsible for marine debris/waste management. Target criteria for these individuals include: experience surveying shoreline marine debris; experience or responsibility for collecting and using marine debris monitoring data to inform policy; general knowledge of how shoreline marine debris surveys are conducted and their importance; responsibility for the management of marine debris; responsibility for reporting on the incidence of marine debris.

Users of the project’s outputs include economy officials from across APEC that are responsible for addressing marine debris and those that work with related research entities that study marine debris incidence. The product’s main outputs will help guide these officials and improve their ability to undertake marine debris monitoring activities and to build economy capacity to systematically collect data on marine debris and assess distribution, rates of accumulation, hot zones and areas for priority management intervention. While the project is focused to benefit APEC economies primarily, its outputs will also have broader global application and can be used by any entity across the globe to monitor and assess marine debris.

Ultimately, addressing marine debris in the APEC region, especially among developing economies, will be improved through implementation of this project. This will be due to the increased understanding and capacity on how to conduct monitoring, which will thus inform better policy and management interventions to address this environmental and economic issue. This will be especially important as the region and its developing economies respond to the Covid-19 pandemic and its resulting economic issues. By improving coastal environmental health, the project will result in benefits to the critical tourism sector to the region, especially those economies in Southeast Asia, that rely on clean beaches and coastal environments for tourist visits, and to the fisheries sector, which is negatively impacted by the prevalence of marine debris.

Dissemination

The main output of the project will be the marine debris shoreline monitoring decision framework publication as produced by an APEC-funded contractor and the APEC publication guidelines will be followed. The document will be an APEC publication. It is anticipated that a small number of publications may be printed (<100) and funded by the POs, but the chief form of dissemination would be through electronic publication. The PO will disseminate through the OFWG as well as other pertinent APEC WGs and fora, including the Chemicals Dialogue, the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation, the Policy Partnership on Food Security, and via the existing APEC Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris website, where the document will be also available for easy access. 

The target audience of the framework are government entities, research institutions, civil society organizations, universities, local government authorities and others in the APEC region that are seeking to understand the incidence of marine debris in the environment. While the decision framework will be developed for use and targeted for APEC economies, it will have global application and is intended to be a product that can demonstrate global leadership of the APEC forum on understanding and addressing marine debris. There is no intent to sell outputs from this project. The PO will explore other dissemination channels for the document which may include the UN Regional Seas Programmes in the APEC region; the Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML), which the PO is a member of the Steering Committee; the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) secretariat’s working group related to marine debris; the Osaka Blue Ocean Vision G20 Implementation Framework for Actions on Marine Plastic Litter portal site (hosted by Japan); the UN Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission; the International Maritime Organization; the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Gender

Women are highly engaged in marine and coastal conservation efforts and in assessing marine debris, in particular. This project would promote the following APEC women’s empowerment pillars: Leadership, voice and agency and Innovation and technology. The POs will seek to incorporate women in key roles of the project, including performing the contract research, serving as global experts and as participants in the workshop and other aspects of the project design and execution. The PO will target at least 30% of workshop participants as well as the experts/speakers are female.

If female participation falls below 30% the POs will take positive action to increase female participation. The POs will also consult with colleagues in the USG, in particular, at the US Agency for International Development who have worked on women’s empowerment through their work in the APEC region in the USAID-funded municipal waste recycling program and the Clean Cities Blue Ocean project. This work has examined the role of women in environmental management and these colleagues can provide strategies for increasing female participation in the workshop. The POs will also consult global experts to identify and engage female experts to be active participants in the project. PO is committed to collecting sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only those funded by APEC) at the project workshop.  This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat upon completion of the project, as well as providing guidance to future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Work plan: 

Time

Task

Deliverable

August/September 2020

Initial project planning and research into monitoring decision framework

Further detailed project plan and increased communication among project leads

August/September 2020

Develop RFP/contract for research and decision framework development and post on APEC website

RFP developed and posted

End of September 2020

Contractor for research and framework development is selected

Executed contract

1 October 2020

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to APEC

APEC Project Monitoring Report

October – November 2020

Determine key stakeholders from the APEC region and global experts to engage in aspects of the project

Engagement plan for project implementation

October 2020 – February 2021

Develop initial draft of decision framework (identify key source material, perform desktop research, engage with POs and global experts, review and synthesize input collected, develop draft document).

Initial draft decision framework

March 2021

Initial draft framework is reviewed by POs and comments are provided and an updated framework is developed

Updated framework document

1 April 2021

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to APEC

APEC Project Monitoring Report

April – May 2021

Circulate framework to list of global experts for their initial feedback and incorporate into document

Framework document updated with initial expert input

April - May 2021

Circulate framework draft document with expert input to relevant APEC stakeholders and experts and comments are incorporated

Framework document updated with APEC regional comments and input

20 May 2021

Circulation of general information on workshop

General workshop information distributed

June 2021

Considerations made to shift the physical event to virtual’. Communicate with Program Director on the matter

Decision made whether shifting physical event to virtual

May – August 2021

Planning for workshop (develop agenda, engage participants/stakeholders, consult with experts, develop objectives and facilitation plan with contractor)

Workshop agenda and expected outcomes and facilitation process developed

August 2021

Complete final working draft of decision framework and circulate to workshop participants

Final working framework draft document completed and circulated

August 2021

Updates on project are presented at relevant meetings--Ocean and Fisheries Working Group, other relevant group meeting--on the margins of SOM3 in 2021

Updates presented and information shared

September 2021

Convene workshop to facilitate enhanced input from global experts and APEC stakeholders and test the functionality of the decision framework

Workshop held

September 2021

Develop final draft of decision framework, incorporating input received during workshop

Final draft version of decision framework document developed

September - October 2021

Circulate final draft to all stakeholders engaged (APEC regional and global experts) and receive input

Comments from project stakeholders received

1 November 2021

Submit final decision framework document and post to APEC website (including VWGMD)

Finalize and disseminate decision framework document

28 February 2022

Submission of the Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

Completed report and all supporting documents

June 2022

Participation in Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects

PO input into evaluation completed

Risks

Risk

   Management Intervention

1. Inability to find suitable contractor to perform requested work—the work to be required is very specific and few entities possess appropriate knowledge. This is the most critical risk associated with the project.

The work requested of the contractor is very specialized and therefore the POs will work through all channels include the APEC RFP process to find and select a contractor that is uniquely qualified and experienced to ensure the project research and draft and final products are effective and meet expectations. The POs will also work closely with the APEC secretariat to ensure the best candidate is selected. This could explore the potential to waive the RFP process, if deemed necessary.

2. Inability to complete project on schedule

There may be delays to project implementation due to the Covid-19 situation. The POs will accomplish as much research and solicit as much input as possible via electronic and phone communication. If travel is not  possible during the project workshop dates, the POs will seek an extension from APEC to hold the in-person meeting when it is safe to do so for all participants.

3. Inability to secure input from regional and global experts

POs and technical lead will work though the OFWG and the APEC Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris to identify appropriate officials from the region to provide input and to participate in the workshop. For appropriate global expert input, the POs will utilize experts’ contacts within their organizations throughout the project implementation process to ensure that leading global experts (GESAMP, UNEP, etc) are providing input.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Outputs

Indicators for measurement

1. Shoreline marine debris monitoring background research

Executed contract for research, document development and workshop facilitation/ support by October 2020 

Established project Technical Advisory Committee (APEC and global experts)

Develop draft decision framework

Input received from technical experts

Completed draft monitoring decision framework document for workshop discussion

Conduct workshop to solicit expert review and test applicability of framework in APEC economies

Number of workshop participants

Number of participating economies

Total travel eligible attendees

Participation rates of female participants and speakers

Evaluation surveys (target level of knowledge increase, perceived level of knowledge increase, satisfaction rate of quality of activities and presenters)

Training on shoreline monitoring conducted and information shared

Input on decision framework received 

Finalize monitoring decision framework disseminate 

Finalized decision framework document

Outcomes

Indicators for measurement

2.     1. Strengthened ability/capacity of workshop participants to undertake and directly conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring to better understand incidence of marine debris in APEC economies.

At least 90% of workshop participants report an increase in ability to implement marine debris monitoring, according to pre/post surveys.

At least 30 APEC economy participants trained in monitoring at the workshop.

2. Dissemination of the decision framework to the APEC community to strengthen the ability/capacity to undertake and directly conduct shoreline marine debris monitoring to better understand incidence of marine debris in the region.

Dissemination of the final decision framework document through presentations during at least 3 international fora within one year of publication (including presentation at the OFWG meeting during 2022 SOM3).

Posting the decision framework document to the APEC VWGMD website, and tracking website analytics on the number of times the document is downloaded.

3. Better informed APEC community on the importance of marine debris monitoring as a key component to addressing the issue.

At least 80% of workshop participants report an increased commitment to pursuing new marine debris monitoring initiatives after the workshop through evaluation surveys.

At least 90% of workshop participants report an increase in understanding on how monitoring can inform marine debris policy and practices.

4. Harmonization of marine debris monitoring to enable comparison of marine debris monitoring data across the APEC region.

Increase in number of participants from APEC economies collecting marine debris data through effective monitoring programs.

Linkages

The project is intended to be a cross-fora collaboration between OFWG, the Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris, and the Chemical Dialogue, with interest to the APEC Tourism WG, the Policy Partnership on Food Security, and the Policy Partnership for Science, Technology and Innovation. The project will also engage external globally-renowned experts, including representatives from the UN Environment Programme, GESAMP, civil society and academia in an expert and participatory role to develop the decision framework and will link to key ongoing global discussions regarding marine debris monitoring (UN Environment Assembly, ASEAN, G20, etc.).

While there have been some past projects within APEC discussing marine debris monitoring (most recently OFWG 01 2019A “Capacity Building on Global Marine Debris Monitoring and Modeling: Supports Protection of the Marine Environment”), this activity will be unique, both in APEC and globally, in that it will create a new guideline document to aid in conducting marine debris monitoring (i.e., the decision framework). APEC is best positioned for this type of work as it includes many of the top source economies of marine debris globally. Improving marine debris understanding in APEC through this activity will lead to more effective responses to the issue and to reduce overall marine debris incidence in the APEC region and the global ocean.

The project will consider information published in the GESAMP guidelines document (noted above), as well as other relevant scientific information on marine debris monitoring, and the PO is in contact with the relevant GESAMP staff to ensure their awareness and to engage them in the project.

Sustainability

Through creation of the monitoring decision framework and the testing of its efficacy in the APEC region and among APEC monitoring practitioners, the project’s outputs will continue to benefit the region to build capacity to monitor marine debris. Further, the decision framework document as created through this project will be a lasting product through which regional entities can undertake effective marine debris monitoring. The project will also help create a network of experts and interested officials in the region on marine debris monitoring, which does not currently exist. Utilizing this network, and communicating with OFWG and the APEC Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris representatives, will enable the POs to continue to help implement the effective use of the decision framework in the region. 

POs will present project results at OFWG meetings and intend to hold a technical session on how the decision framework can be better implemented in APEC alongside either SOM1 or SOM2 in 2022, following the completion of the project. While the decision framework will be specifically designed and tested to be applicable for APEC economy entities to conduct monitoring, it will have broad global application, showcasing APEC and the OFWG as global leaders in helping to better understand and combat marine debris. POs will consider further potential APEC projects that can additionally help to institutionalize the monitoring framework throughout APEC and to continue to build capacity regionally for marine debris monitoring and assessment. 

As noted in question 11 above, the project outcomes have specific indicators to measure progress. These include completed surveys from project participants gauging the increase in ability and understanding on marine debris monitoring; the number of APEC economy participants trained in monitoring at the workshop; the actual completion and dissemination of the decision framework document.

Project Overseers

The project will have two POs: 

The main contact and PO will be: Nick Austin, a Foreign Service Officer at the U.S. Department of State and the head of delegation for the United States for the APEC Ocean and Fisheries Working Group. Mr Austin leads international efforts on marine debris for the United States in the Asia and Pacific regions.

Steve Morrison will serve as a secondary PO and he is the chief International Affairs Specialist for the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Debris Program. Mr. Morrison serves on U.S. delegations to OFWG and leads international engagement for NOAA’s Marine Debris Program in many global, regional and bilateral fora and he is a member of the Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML) Steering Committee. 

Technical lead: Sherry Lippiatt, PhD, is the Marine Debris Monitoring Lead for NOAA’s Marine Debris Program and she will serve as the technical lead for the project. Dr. Lippiatt has over ten years’ experience in designing and implementing marine debris monitoring programs and projects for NOAA. She also is a Regional Coordinator for NOAA’s Marine Debris Program, guiding subnational implementation of marine debris monitoring, prevention and removal activities in the U.S.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The contract labor required for successful project implementation will comprise three main components:

Tasks

Estimated Days and Rates

1) The contractor will lead the process to conduct desktop research to develop the draft versions and final document of the marine debris monitoring decision framework document. This will include:

·         comprehensive assessment of existing literature/research on marine debris monitoring and the different methodologies to conduct monitoring

·         evaluating strengths and limitations of the methodologies, types of data collected,

·         developing comprehensive scenarios that managers face when trying to understand and better manage marine debris, and ultimately determining when each monitoring methodology and monitoring practice is most appropriate to use when considering myriad management goals and the resource and technology and resource constraints facing those conducting monitoring in developing economy settings.

·         From this research, the contractor will develop an annotated outline of the monitoring decision framework that will include draft scenarios, or series of questions that will guide the user of the framework to selecting the best monitoring approach.

·         Contractor will share initial research with project technical leads and POs and review of research results and agree on annotated outline of decision framework document.

Estimated Rates (including fringe):

Junior Staff / Student at $25/hr 

Senior Staff / PI at $80/hr 

Time/estimate:

22 days junior staff/student time: $4,400

10 days senior staff/ PI time: $6,400

Total labor cost: $10,800

Overhead/indirect costs (at 26%): $2,808

Total costs: $13,608

2. Develop draft decision framework document

  • Contractor will develop draft monitoring decision framework document. This document will contain narrative text description of the following: background on why monitoring is important and how data can be used; examples of questions that monitoring can address for resource managers and other governing entities, researchers, community groups and others; considerations for establishing a monitoring program; information on sampling strategies; detailed information on existing monitoring methodologies, their advantages and limitations, as well as relative data collection information/data sheets; potential indicators to be used in monitoring; factors for consideration when technical and financial resources for monitoring are limited. The document will then present a decision framework in both graphic and narrative form that guides the user through a series of questions, based on the background/reference information described in earlier sections, to selecting the most appropriate methodology and indicators to use when undertaking monitoring.
  • Contractor will present draft document to project technical leads and then update document based on feedback and circulate among the Technical Advisory Committee (including global experts to be engaged by project team) for wider input.
  • Contractor will incorporate input from initial expert review and produce draft decision framework for project technical leads to review.
  • Contractor will prepare final draft decision framework document to be reviewed at project workshop. The document is expected to be approximately 50 pages at this stage.
  • Following feedback received during workshop, contractor will develop updated draft of decision framework and circulate to POs and technical leads for review and final updating as well as to workshop participants.
  • Contractor will also develop a compendium of the decision framework that will present the framework in an abbreviated summary to be used as a reference guide once the material in the full document is well understood. The compendium will be an annex within the document (not a separate document) and can be printed by users and used in the field, etc. for quicker reference. It will be created after the main content is well developed.
  • The Contractor will incorporate any final edits or changes to the decision framework and develop final version of document (to be approximately 50-65 pages in length).

Estimated Rates (including fringe):

Junior Staff / Student at $25/hr 

Senior Staff / PI at $80/hr 

Time/estimate:

44 days junior/student time: $8,800

15 days lead PI time: $9,600

Total cost: $18,400

Overhead/indirect costs (at 26%): $4,784

Total costs: $23,184

3. Conduct a 3-day workshop in September 2021 in Nha Trang, Viet Nam to solicit expert review and test applicability of framework in APEC economies

  • Workshop planning and consultation with POs and technical expert.
  • Develop run-of-show plan to solicit input from workshop attendees through facilitation.
  • Workshop logistical planning and coordination with POs, technical expert and attendees.
  • Conduct workshop with up to 40 participants. The contractor shall be responsible for achieving the following workshop objectives:
    • Solicit global expert and APEC regional input to the decision framework through a facilitated process
    • Simulate use of the decision framework with APEC attendees to refine and ensure its applicability to the APEC region
    • Capture input to inform a final draft of the decision framework document
    • Provide training on different shoreline marine debris monitoring methodologies included in the framework
    • Develop a strategy to employ the decision framework in the APEC region and discuss dissemination plan to increase harmonization and regional capacity for marine debris monitoring
  • Design, survey, collection and analysis of the pre-and post-event evaluations.

Estimated Rates (including fringe):

Junior Staff / Student at $25/hr 

Senior Staff / professional facilitator at $65/hr 

Junior staff at 15 days: $3,000

Senior staff/ facilitator at 14 days: $7,280

Overhead/indirect costs (at 26%): $2,672

Total: $12,952

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version: 3.0 
Created at 29/07/2020 15:23  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 20/08/2021 13:56  by Lucy Phua 
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