Project Title

Intiative for Realising Sustainable Cities Focusing on Improvement of Resource Circulation and Waste Management 

Project Year

2019   

Project Number

SCE 01 2019 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

SCE 01 2019 

Project Title

Intiative for Realising Sustainable Cities Focusing on Improvement of Resource Circulation and Waste Management 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2019 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

180,000 

Total Project Value

280,000 

Sponsoring Forum

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Topics

Economic and Technical Cooperation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Russia 

Expected Start Date

01/04/2020 

Expected Completion Date

30/04/2021 

Project Proponent Name 1

Yamashita Akihito (new PO wef 6 August 2020) 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director 

Organization 1

Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy Division, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(81-3) 35014978 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

yamashita-akihito@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Yamashita Akihito 

Project Summary

Objectives: The objective of this project is to identify problems on resource circulation and waste management of some cities and to recommend appropriate solutions for the problems, thereby contributing toward achieving sustainable cities.

Activities:

1)  To conduct assessments (2 cities) using the Guidebook to identify specific problems and propose solutions.

2)  To hold an APEC workshop to share results of the assessments at cities and discuss adoptability of solutions to other cities.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: APEC has showed interest in the issue of urbanization due to ongoing rapid economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region that can increase greenhouse gas emissions, worsen waste treatment problems, cause pollution, and tighten the supply-demand situation of energy, resources, water and foods.  These factors are posing serious issues that may shake the basis of economic growth and the social infrastructure of the Asia-Pacific region. The environmental burden is increasing in line with economic growth and urbanization. The problem is that the consumption especially in urban regions exceeds the capacity of the waste management in that area and the surplus induced environmental problems such as marine plastic litter.  However, it is difficult for local governments to define precisely and find the solutions because those problems are entwined each other and very connected to the local business practices and even cultural aspects. 

Therefore, it is significant to visualize them based on those conditions.

In the Da Nang Declaration, 2017 Leaders stated that “We note the need for urbanization to be people-oriented, sound and sustainable and encourage knowledge sharing and policy exchange.  This project will identify the problems through the case studies and share the experience in the seminar to support the activities in each APEC economies’ cities.

As an outcome of the project titled “Developing the Methodology for Measuring and Realizing the Sustainability of Cities in the APEC Region” [SOM 01 2016S], Japan had developed the  “Guidebook for the Development of Sustainable Cities Focusing on Resource Circulation and Waste Management”(guidebook) which was endorsed by SOM in March 29, 2018. It reveals what the problem is and shows solutions for their reference. It answers questions such as,  whether there is a legislative system regarding waste disposal, whether there is a recycling system such as waste sorting on End-of-Life Vehicle(ELV), e-waste, and construction waste is conducted, or the amount of the waste in the city. In order to proceed in these activities, and to be more specific, we will review 2 cities using the guidebook and share the experience to other APEC economies in a workshop. This guidebook was made for officials who are in charge of waste management in a local government. By following the steps described in the guidebook, it reveals a city’s own problems and shows possible solutions for such problems to achieve efficient circulation of resources.

One year ago, we conducted a case study in Batam City, Indonesia, with the cooperation of Yokohama City, Japan. Through this study, the guidebook, pointed out problems such as waste collection and final landfill sites. In addition, some solutions for those problems were proposed for their reference. 

After the assessments, we will hold a workshop to introduce the results of the assessments at cities and to promote this guidebook for other cities. 

This project is in line with the APEC 2019 Priority 4 “Sustainable Growth.” 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: This project meets the 2019 Project Funding Criteria for the GPA in terms of “Sustainable Growth.” According to the “Background Paper: Sustainable Growth” submitted by Chile, it listed “Protecting our Oceans and Marine Ecosystem” and “Developing common standards for Smart Cities” as key issues. This project covers resource circulation such as municipal waste generation, collection and transport, sorting, and treatment and recycling. It helps evaluate the current-status of a city, and provides policy packages and technologies and systems as solutions for sustainable growth. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project provides the opportunity for APEC economies to share their experiences regarding the methodology for assessing and realizing the sustainability of cities. The APEC economies can obtain knowledge and skills about waste management through applying this guidebook with dispatched experts’ support. The experts also show solutions against the problems that are revealed by the guidebook and provide a consulting service for the cities as well as explain how to use it and information on the latest waste management systems. How to analyze and evaluate problems in a city will be illustrated in the workshop. 

To be more specific, the workshop consists of two sessions; one is a capacity building session and second is the introduction of a case studies session.  In the first session, the experts explain how to establish a waste management system, recycling system, and how to transition to a circular economy.  Then, case studies in a different cities are introduced as actual examples to help participants’ understanding.

Objectives

The objective of this project is to identify problems on resource circulation and waste management in some cities and to recommend appropriate solutions for such environmental problems, thereby contributing toward achieving sustainable cities. 

Needs for introduction of waste treatment systems are increasing. This is especially the case in developing economies where the speed of economic development is too fast for consolidation of the system. Therefore, solving these problems is an urgent matter. However, there is no “one-solution-fits-all”. Problems vary from city to city.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The 2017 APEC Leaders’ Declaration highlights the problems of urbanization and encourages the sharing of knowledge and policy in this area. This project intends to contribute to this statement. 

Alignment – Forum: SCE (Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation) leads the initiative. The Framework for Strengthening Economic Cooperation and Development gives priority to the Safeguard the Quality of Life through Environmentally Sound Growth by promoting sound policies and practices, taking into account concerns about sustainable development. This is exactly the object that this project is heading for. It is very important to construct waste disposal system in order to secure circularity of resources and to preserve environment at the same time for sustainable cities.

Moreover, this project also aligns with Friend of the Chair (FOTC) on Urbanization. “Working Program Friends of the Chair on Urbanization 2019” places Chile’s Background Paper on Sustainable Growth as one of the main documents that will guide the work of the FOTC on Urbanization.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The output of this project is the capacity building to use the Guidebook.  The Guidebook shows us how to evaluate the current situation and to identify the problems in the cities as well as the appropriate solutions.  In order to disseminate the measures to evaluate the current waste management system in each city and to propose appropriate solutions, this project will implement the case studies at a few economies such as Mandaue City, Philippine and Surabaya City, Indonesia and share the experiences at the workshop which will be held in 2020.  The case studies with prototype Guidebook was implemented in 2017 and 2018 in Indonesia, Singapore, and Viet Nam and the experience at that time makes it more efficient to carry out the study this time. 

(1) Summary about the Case Studies with the Guidebook

Cities experiencing rapid growth share the same economic challenges; increasing environmental burdens; insufficient development of systems and institutions to enforce the environmental policy; data shortages for understanding the current situation; insufficient development, maintenance, and management of infrastructures; a shortage of financial sources to implement these initiatives; a shortage of investment by private businesses in the environmental sector, and a lack of environmental awareness among residents. 

The Guidebook helps evaluate the current status of a city in terms of the following key points:

-  Governance
-  Municipality Waste Generation
-  Municipality Waste Collection and Transport
-  Municipality Waste Sorting
-  Municipality Waste Appropriate Treatment and Recycling
-  Municipality Waste Landfill
-  Hazardous Waste
-  E-Waste
-  Motor Vehicles
-  Construction Waste 

and tells you advantages and problems of a city.  It also provides you with policy packages, and technologies and systems as solutions, but also points to consider in solution selection and decision, and you can therefore refer to them when you consider solution. 

Therefore, this project will carry out the case studies in the economies with the Guidebook.  The project cooperates with local governments in the economies and highlight the problems in each city and summarize the result into the summary to share the experiences with other APEC economies.  The contractor draft the summary about the case studies. The summary is supposed to consist of some major axis such as waste generation, collection, sorting, and landfill and to be about 20 pages. 

(2)  Waste Management Workshop for Finding Appropriate Solution and Implementation

Solutions should be identified and introduced, based on the results of the current status evaluation.  This one-day workshop will be held in Malaysia 2020, which is planned to invite about 30 - 50 participants and consists of two parts which are:

1) summary of case studies and share them as a good practice

2) guidance how to identify the problems by using the guidebook. 

The workshop will introduce the summary of the case studies in Mandaue City and Surabaya City.  For sustainable development of cities and for satisfaction and benefits to citizens, it is important to ensure the quality of solutions.  While concepts of quality and effective solutions could be different depending on cities, therefore in this workshop, introducing quality and effective solutions which prioritize to be economical, safety, resistance to natural disasters, environmental and social considerations through the results of the case studies. 

In addition, the workshop also instructs the way to utilize the guidebook by using case studies as a good example. 

(3)  Final Report will be compiled and become accessible to all economies through the APEC website as an APEC Publication.  It will include summary about the case studies, discussion in the workshop, and observation and analysis based on the case studies and discussion in the workshop for the development of sustainable cities.  The expected results would include, but not limited 1) how to use the guidebook more efficiently, 2) additional comments to the case studies or discussion in the workshop, 3) demographic data about the participants (organization type, focused policy areas, origin economies, and gender). 

Outcomes: Since the situation of cities are very different, however, the sharing the experience of the case studies stimulates an opportunity for considering the waste management system.  The city can introduce a policy on its own or may need to cooperate with other cities or the central governments.  By coordinating with neighboring cities in waste collection and transport, a city may be able to collect waste efficiently in a larger area.  If a city has large waste treatment facilities, then the city may be able to accept waste from surrounding cities to build an efficient waste treatment system.

Through this project APEC economies are able to use the guidebook to identify the problems and find the solutions. 

Beneficiaries: The policy makers in local governments who is in charge of municipal waste management are the main beneficiaries in the first place.  Even though the problems which are caused from waste management are critical very much, it is difficult to identify the problem and draw the map to the solutions.  This project highlights the way to solve their problems.  Secondly, the citizens are also the main participants because they are the one who suffers from the environmental problems.  And lastly, business sectors are also one of stakeholders because the solutions which will be proposed in the case studies are introduced with the advanced technology by those business sectors.

Dissemination

Guidebook for the Development of Sustainable Cities Focusing on Resource Circulation and Waste Management is already uploaded in the APEC web site and everybody can download the file from the web site. 

Holding a workshop to introduce the guidebook in Malaysia back-to-back APEC Meetings.  It will be open to public and the participants are expected about 30 - 50 from officials, citizens, business sectors, and so on and it will be free of charge.  In addition to that, the final report will be introduced in SCE and other fora which is interested in the waste management issue.  The final report will be uploaded in the APEC web site for free download as an APEC Publication.

Gender

Gender and women’s participation is one of the priorities of APEC.  This project will help “Skill, Capacity Building” and invite them to the workshop to be 30% of participants and also invite female speakers to be about 30%.

In waste management, the roles for men and women are diffierent because many women are more responsible to the waste disposal, household, and sanitary management in the community.  Therefore, it will be discussed in the workshop for gender mainstreaming. 

PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (and not only the APEC funded) from the project event.  This data will be included as part of the submission of the Completion Report to the Secretariat when the project completes and will serve to guide future POs on their won gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

April 2020 – June 2020

Contracting

Contract

June 2020 – September 2020

Case Studies

Summary on the case studies in Mandaue and Surabaya  carried out by self-fund

Categorize the key points out of the case studies in Mandaue City and Surabaya City

Collect activities as a best practices

July, 2020 – September 2020

Planning for Workshop

Preparing the venue, catering, and equipment that will be needed

Timeline for the workshop

Arrangement of the speakers

Arrangement of the participants

Arrangement with Malaysian Government

Q4 2020

Workshop

Record of discussion

1 October 2020

Submit APEC Project Monitoring Report to Secretariat

APEC Project Monitoring Report

By the end of February 2021

Final Report

The contractor will make the draft of the final report and submit it to APEC Secretariat for review and thereafter to SCE for endorsement

April 2021

Final Report

Reporting to SCE

June 2021

Submit APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents to Secretariat

APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents

June 2021

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects

Evaluation results distributed by Secretariat

Risks

The risks in this project are very low because the guidebook has already been completed, however, the case studies may take more time that is expected.  When the case studies try to find out the problems, a lot of information in the city is needed.  But sometimes it is difficult to have certain statistic data or to get a right picture of the situation.  Therefore, PO keep contact with the stakeholders to manage the project and share the experiences of the previous case studies which was implemented in Indonesia, Singapore, and Vietnam.  Currently, PO has already contacted with local governments in Philippine, Indonesia, and China to carry out this project effectively.  In addition to that, those cities has MOU on waste management with Japanese local government and they also cooperate. 

The workshop will provide the guidebook to make it easier for stakeholders to apply it to the problems.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The short-term impacts will be evaluated by the number of participants in the workshop and the number of downloads of the guidebook from APEC website. If the participants in the workshop think it works, they will download the guidebook and try to apply it to their cities.  The key number would be 30 - 50 participants in the workshop, 30% of the participants are female, and 2 volunteer cities, Mandaue City and Surabaya City.  The Summary on the case studies are about 20 pages and the participants in the workshop will be asked to fill in the evaluation survey of the workshop. 

The long-term impacts will be evaluated by the number of cities which improve resource circulation using the guidebook.  If they make a report regarding their trial, it will increase the possibility to cooperate between the cities or share their experience as a good practice.  If cities continue the evaluation, they could estimate the improvement.

Linkages

The project will seek possible collaboration with relevant APEC fora, including the Friend of the Chair (FOTC) on Urbanization. And Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) will be informed of the outcomes of this project. The project will also explore inputs from academia, international organizations and departments of respective economies who may have applicable policies, experiences and lessons in implementing the "Guidebook for Development of Sustainable Cities Focusing on Resource Circulation and Waste Management."

Sustainability

Even after the project is completed, the guidebook can be applied to the many cities and the number of case studies will be increased.  The experience of the case studies may be prevailed to neighboring cities, to the whole economy and larger area.  The sharing of the experiences would create more effective and appropriate international circulation system.  In order to be used widely, we would like to take opportunities to conduct PR activities on the guidebook as a self-fund project.

Project Overseers

Mr. Nobuyuki Matsumoto is a Deputy-Director for Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy Division, METI, Japan.  He will supervise the overall progress of the project and ensure the successful implementation of the project.  He managed many international cooperative projects on resource efficiency such as bilateral and multilateral ones including APEC.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

A contractor who is selected will serve a major role in this project.  The main duties of the contractor include coordination of agenda development in consultation with speakers, participants and member economies, taking role of MC/moderator delivering the key findings in the workshop.  The contractor also assists PO in the administrative management such as registration, distributing and collecting surveys and other material, supervision over set-up and operation of workshop related equipments, and taking minutes of workshop.  More details will be difined in the RFP document prior to the tender. 

Contractor’s Tasks

Expected Hours

Summary about Case Studies

100

Preparation for one-day workshop

250

Script for the relevant For

10

Final Report

60

Total

420

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
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Created at 14/05/2020 19:35  by Lucy Phua 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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