Outputs: The following outputs are planned:
1) Overview of pumped storage hydropower potential in APEC economics. By 2nd quarter 2020.
To inform workshop participants and APEC economies, an overview paper will be prepared by the Australian National University (ANU) and a contractor. The overview paper of approximately 50 pages will summarise for each of the APEC economies the status of:
a) renewable energy targets and trends;
b) existing, planned and potential energy storage; and more specifically;
c) existing, planned and potential PSH;
d) dispatchable power generation capacity and grid reliability issues; and
e) cross-border electricity transmission grids.
The primary audience will be workshop participants, to inform discussions, and will not be published publicly. This will enable APEC economies to identify opportunities, draw lessons from work in other economies and consider potential synergies from collaboration. The overview will be revised with information received at the workshop and incorporated into the technical report (3, below) for public distribution.
2) Workshop of APEC economy representatives and experts. In 3rd quarter of 2020 proposed for Bangkok, Thailand.
The workshop is envisaged as a partnership with Thailand’s Ministry of Energy and/or Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand - to be confirmed in near future by the Australian Embassy Bangkok and ANU in forthcoming exchanges with senior Thai Government officials.
The workshop will enable APEC economy representatives to network with each other and experts. Presenters will cover topics that include:
a) what are the costs, risks and benefits of PSH;
b) how can PSH infrastructure be built to maximize economic benefits and minimize social and environmental impacts;
c) how can PSH enable greater use of renewable electricity in power grids;
d) what role does PSH have compared to other energy storage and dispatchable generation technologies; and
e) how can PSH be funded and support regional institutions and strategies.
Each presentation will include practical examples of PSH technology. Practical exercises will explore tools for assessing the application of the technology.
Permission is being sought to visit the Electricity Generation Authority of Thailand (EGAT)’s 500 MW Lamtakong Jolabha Vadhana Pumped Storage Power Plant (opened in 2013) and learning center (~200 km from Bangkok) on a field trip on the third day. The purpose of the field visit is to enable participants who may not have experience of PSH to see an operating facility and benefit from the knowledge of the EGAT operators. The facility is especially relevant to the workshop as it has 14 wind turbines, demonstrating how renewable electricity generation can be linked to pumped storage to increase the reliability of power supply. It is also an opportunity to discuss the planned installation of floating solar PV generators at this reservoir. The proposed itinerary will take all day and include a 3 hour drive to and from the facility, a visit to the upper, off-river reservoir, to the connected wind farm, and the generators.
3) Technical report. In 4th quarter of 2020.
Following the workshop an APEC technical report will be prepared by ANU and a contractor to synthesize key lessons from the project for participants and APEC economies. The target audience shall be energy policy makers, energy agency staff, energy businesses and relevant civil society organizations involved in managing transitions to low greenhouse gas emission energy sources. This report of approximately 80 pages will written as prose and draw on the overview paper, presentations and discussion to include the following content:
a) Cover page
b) Table of contents
d) Overview of the electricity supply situation in APEC economies (based on the overview paper researched as part of this project)
e) Discussion of key issues for sustainable pumped storage development, including (drawing on presentations):
- Identifying potential sites;
- Potential redevelopment of brownfield sites;
- Integrating renewable generators with pumped storage;
- Financing pumped storage projects;
- Lessons for pumped storage development;
- Sustainability standards.
f) Relevant resources and tools available to APEC economies
g) Technical gaps and recommendations for APEC economies
4) Policy brief. In 4th quarter of 2020.
A stand-alone four page APEC policy brief will be prepared to synthesize the technical report for decision makers.
Reports and publications will be provided in a state requiring no copy-editing in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, APEC Publication Guidelines and APEC Logo Guidelines.
Outcomes: The following outcomes are expected:
a) Relevant APEC economy agencies who are less familiar with PSH technology will gain access to the knowledge needed to consider deployment in their energy planning. This may be measured by: i) a follow up survey of workshop participants, and ii) download statistics for key reports used in the workshop;
b) A number of APEC economies will incorporate PSH technology in their public policies and development plans for increased renewable energy, energy storage, and to improve grid reliability. This may be measured in energy agency policy documents;
c) Greater dialogue and less conflict between PSH developers and civil society organizations, by contrast with many traditional energy projects, since PSH has lower social and environmental impacts. This may be measured through reports of positive dialogue among developers and civil society organizations;
d) Eventually, greater investment in PSH developments in many APEC economies.
Beneficiaries: Primary project beneficiaries are expected to be key government officials involved in decision-making on energy development, and relevant environmental and regulatory issues. Secondary beneficiaries are: energy sector managers; institutes and academia involved in economic and policy analysis of energy sector change and security of supply; and the hydropower industry, including those with expertise on gender impacts of energy management. International financial institutions supporting energy investments (e.g. International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank(AIIB)) will also be invited to participate in the workshop and are expected to be beneficiaries. Government energy officials from each APEC economy will be targeted for the nominated funds, along with a diverse group of expert presenters. Where a government energy officials is not available from a particular APEC economy, a substitute and authoritative participant will be sought from academia. Participants from international financial institutions will be expected to fund their own participation.
Energy policymakers will benefit from up-to-date information on current and emerging opportunities for sustainable development of PSH for electricity storage to increase grid resilience. The energy sectors in developing economies will benefit from capacity building and improved understanding of the issue. The finance and energy sectors will be better placed to identify new opportunities for PSH deployment. Environmental organizations will better understand the opportunities to manage their desire for greater use of renewable energy together with electricity storage. The public will benefit through improved sustainability and resilience of electricity supply and increased environmental sustainability over the long-term. Everyone will benefit by identifying ways of deploying more renewable energy and improving reliability of electricity supplies to support our economies with lower social and environmental costs.