Project Title

Promoting APEC Innovative Models in Reducing and Managing Land-based Debris into Oceans for Sustainable Development 

Project Year

2019   

Project Number

OFWG 04 2019A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

OFWG 04 2019A 

Project Title

Promoting APEC Innovative Models in Reducing and Managing Land-based Debris into Oceans for Sustainable Development 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2019 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

92,000 

Co-funding Amount

25,000 

Total Project Value

117,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Indonesia; Japan; Malaysia; Peru; Philippines; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/11/2019 

Expected Completion Date

31/08/2020 

Project Proponent Name 1

Nguyen Minh Hang 

Job Title 1

Acting Director-General 

Organization 1

Department of Multilateral Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(84-24) 37995798 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

apecmofavn@gmail.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Nguyen Minh Hang 

Project Summary

Marine debris, 80% of which comes from land-based activities, is a globally recognized environmental issue of increasing concern. Thanks to the Fourth Revolution with massive technological change, there have been many innovative measures to improve waste management and reduce the amount of debris into oceans. To take the advantage of these innovative models, the project is designed to be a platform for APEC economies and stakeholders to:

1) build the capacity of APEC members through sharing policy measures as well as best practices in utilizing new technologies to address effectively the land-based marine debris;

2) develop a compendium of applicable recommendations and feasible innovative models for APEC economies to decrease, monitor and prevent inland wastes to oceans; and

3) foster the collaboration in actions for a consistent endeavor in conserving the marine ecosystem.

The project will be carried out as a 2-day workshop in the first quarter of 2020 in Viet Nam. This workshop will be based on discussions among the participants coming from governments, NGOs, institutions or businesses working on areas related to oceans protection.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Marine debris, particularly land-based plastic litter, is now seriously threatening marine life in the Pacific Ocean. About 8 million tons of plastic waste is added to the oceans every year – equivalent to one garbage truck of plastic being dumped into our oceans every minute, according to a study conducted by the World Economic Forum, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and McKinsey. If things continue as they are, experts estimate that by 2025 there will be a ton of plastic in the ocean for every three tons of fish. 

The effects of marine debris are not only aesthetic; it has serious impacts on marine organisms, habitats and natural ecosystems, as well as on human health and well-being.It is harming more than 800 species, 40 per cent of marine mammals and 44 per cent of seabird species. Marine debris also harms the economy, particularly fisheries and tourism. 

In APEC region, there have been innovative models which harness technological innovation to reduce and manage the marine debrisin Pacific Ocean. There have been a number of models conducted by businesses or non-profit organizations, focusing on inventing new technological tools. For example, the Ocean Cleanup organization developed long floating tech-net to collect trash by utilizing ocean currents, the Seabin project invented the ocean-cleaning sea bins or the others have used the drones to take pictures, collect data and produce maps of plastic waste for better management. However, these technological models have not been widespread and a new approach is required to share these to APEC members for more efficient uses. It is imperative for APEC to work closely together and make regional collective efforts to tackle marine debris effectively in the large scale. 

Therefore, the project will be another contribution to the global efforts to protect oceans from marine debris through embracing new technology and innovations. 

Relevance – Eligibility and Fund Priorities: The project is designed to share knowledge and experience in land-based marine debris management among participants. Through the discussion and exchanges at the Workshop, the participants will be enabled to learn diverse approaches to solving the marine issues, especially with the help of technological innovation. The insights and recommendations from the project will also help economies to identify areas that need more resources or training, which will serve as a basis for their future skills and capacity building activities. 

Moreover, the project is aligned with the ASF General Fund’s priorities on (i) Safeguarding the quality of life through environmentally sound growth; (ii) Facilitating technology flows and harnessing technologies for the future; and (iii) Promoting the development of knowledge-based economies. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project intends to enhance the capacity building of the developing member economies through the exchange of policy measures and best practices in harnessing the new technologies in reducing and monitoring the land-based marine debris. The economies can consider adopting these new measures or adjusting their existing ones to be more effective. 

In addition, the project will establish a network for participants of public, private and academic sectors to share information, experiences and further coordinative actions in contribution to a multi-stakeholder effort in marine protection. This also contributes to raising awareness of the need to reduce land-based waste, especially plastic litters, for all people in the region.

Objectives

The project is aimed to contribute to APEC efforts in protecting our oceans from land-based debris through maximizing the benefits of marine technological innovations as well as advancing the sustainable growth in the region. For that, the project is designed to:

1) Build the capacity of economies through sharing experiences and best practices among participants (governments, experts, businesses, global and regional organizations…)in harnessing new technologies to address effectively the APEC-wide issue of marine debris;

2) Develop a set of recommendations to improve waste management measures (generating – using – recycling and disposing processes; clean-up programs…) and prevent the entrance of land-based marine debris into oceans;

3) Identify cooperation areas and promote collective actions on marine conservation through setting a multi- stakeholder network among project participants.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The project will be in strong support of developing APEC Chile 2019 priority on Sustainable Growth, which is focused to protect oceans and marine ecosystem, particularly to prevent and reduce marine debris. 

This will make contributions to implementing APEC Viet Nam 2017 Joint Ministerial Statement, which indicates “We encourage all economies and stakeholders, particularly the private sector, to engage in ocean-related cooperation, including investment in sustainable materials management and waste management infrastructure, to reduce land-based sources of marine debris in APEC”. It will also contribute to the implementation of the Xiamen Declaration, which was endorsed in the Ocean-related Ministerial Meeting in 2014 to encourage cooperation in the reduction and mitigation of marine pollution. 

In addition, this will contribute significantly to the implementation of the APEC Roadmap on Marine Debris, which is aimed at encourage member economies to take voluntary and concrete steps mitigate the impediments of marine debris to sustainable economic growth in the Asia-Pacific. 

Besides, the project will be in line with the Sustainable Development Goal 14 on oceans, seas and marine resources, which stated “By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution”. 

To achieve further progress on these goals, the project will provide recommendations on how best APEC economies can coordinate to make full use of successful innovative models of improving waste management and reducing marine debris into oceans. 

Alignment – Forum: The proposed project is aligned with OFWG objectives, one of which is “Ensuring the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources as well as protection of marine ecosystems needed to support fisheries and aquaculture”. Specifically, this project supports one of the seven priority areas in the OFWG Work Plan for 2018 and OFWG Strategic Plan (2016 – 2018), namely Sustainable Development and Protection of the Marine Environment.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: A 2-day Workshop will be organized in May 2020 in Da Nang, Viet Nam. The Workshop Agenda will tentatively cover 4 main sessions:

i) the assessment of effects of innovative technology application in reducing and monitoring the land-based marine debris on natural oceanic ecosystem and human’s well-being;

ii) the sharing of innovative approaches and best practices among participants to improve waste management measures as well as manage and prevent marine debris;

iii) the identification of potential cooperation areas on new technologies for marine conservation among APEC members; and

iiv) the discussion on the Compendium of Recommendations.

A survey will be made before the start and after the Workshop finishes for participants to evaluate the effectiveness of the Workshop. The survey will target all participants of the Workshop.

A collection of documents and presentations presented by speakers/experts at the Workshop will be shared to participants (some in hard copies and cloud links) and submit to APEC Secretariat and Chair of OFWG.

There will be no inventory work undertaken and the information of innovative approaches and best practices will be collected through the presentations of experts/speakers at the Workshop.

A Summary Report to capture the main ideas of discussion, shared points of view, best practices, survey results.  This may include 6-8 pages and will be published as an APEC publication.

A Compendium of Recommendations to provide to OFWG members key recommendations in this regard will be published on APEC website, supporting the implementation of the OFWG Strategic Plan (2016 - 2018). The recommendations will be on feasible actions, including policy coordination, capacity building activities and multi-stakeholders cooperation. This Compendium of Recommendations will focus on the technological utilization aspects in marine protection actions, which makes it different to the others. These Recommendations will try to not only be detailed and specific, but also include different kinds of actions so that the members can choose the most relevant and flexible ones among them to apply in their economies.

The Compendium of Recommendations will be prepared after the first day of the Workshop and participants will add in and/or revise the recommendations at the last session in the second day. After the Workshop, the final draft will be sent via emails of the participants for comments with a deadline before endorsed. This may include about 20 recommendations in 3 pages.           

Outcomes: The project outcomes are expected as follows:

i)  The workshop is expected to raise greater understanding on the urgent need to reduce and manage land-based debris into oceans, as well as the method to use new technologies as solutions to address the issue. There would be an ex-ante and an ex-post survey to measure the level of knowledge achieved by participants.

ii) We expect the results of the Workshop will be influential in the community (of enterprises, governmental agencies, society…) after they are disseminated through different channels (websites of APEC, related ministries, agencies…). This can lead to the increase in the number of voluntary collective activities to reduce the use of plastics in daily life. 

iii)  We expect a great number of APEC economies to improve their own waste management systems through technological innovation as well as establish new regulations/policies to raise the standards of qualified waste into environment. 

iv) We anticipate that there will be more cooperative work in the future between APEC members and other stakeholders, particularly a platform for discussion and experience sharing after the Workshop 

Beneficiaries: The target beneficiaries of this project are:

1) Government officials, policy makers/regulators: Participants from the government agencies who have background knowledge or are working on marine protection and can fully engage in the discussion, activities on the role of new technologies application into address this issue and contribute to the success of the Workshop. This group will be the primary target of beneficiaries because the Workshop will provide them practices which they can use for adjusting the policy to be more relevant and applicable. 

2) Experts from marine institutes and equivalents: People who have the background knowledge and can share their experiences on the impacts of marine debris on the nature and human being. Participation in the Workshop is the opportunity for them to share knowledge and gain knowledge shared by the others. This group is targeted to be funded participants because of their knowledge on this issue.Businesses, particularly technology enterprises: Representatives who can share about their technological products used for waste treatment and management. This is also a chance for them to introduce their services for wider application and more effective outcomes. This group is secondarily targeted to be funded participants because of their practical experiences on addressing this issue. 

3) Academia/scholars/activists on marine-related issues, who have been doing research in this field and can present on suggested measures/recommendations. Because they focus on academic issues so participation in the Workshop will provide them with practical knowledge on present effort in marine preservation.

4) International and regional organizations (UN Bodies, ASEAN…): Representatives who have deep background knowledge and can share about the broad overview of international cooperation in oceans-related issues as well as the technological innovation for the environment conservation. Also, they can give suggestion on measures and best practices from their respective organizations. Participation in the Workshop will provide them with opportunity to enhance the cooperation among international organizations, government and businesses in the mutual endeavour to reduce the marine debris into oceans.

5) Representatives from related groups in APEC (PPFS, TWG, PPSTI, CD…) who can offer insights about on-going work in their group and opportunities of collaboration.

Dissemination

Hard copies of only essential material for the Workshop will be provided to all the participants (agenda, draft Compendium of Recommendations for add-ins…). Electronic publication will also be used to disseminate the outputs of the project (agenda, speeches, power-point presentations from speakers, Summary Report, Compendium of Recommendations) widely. 

After the Summary Report and Compendium of Recommendations are circulated and endorsed by OFWG members, they will be submitted to the Publication Section of the APEC Website to be separately published. 

A press release on the Workshop will be published on relevant media including the official websites of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. 

The target audience includes those who are interested in, involved directly or indirectly in this regard, including governments’ officials, experts, researchers, business associations, representatives from technology enterprises. Member economies are expected to disseminate results of the Workshop with their respective agencies and business communities through their websites. All organizations, academia and other participants involved in the Workshop are also expected to share its outcomes. 

There is no intention to sell outputs resulted from this project.

Gender

The project will contribute to promoting 2 out of 5 pillars of women’s economic empowerment, namely “Leadership, voice, and agency” and “Innovation and technology”, through enhancing the participation of women in global and regional effort in harnessing new technologies to diminish land-based waste in our oceans. 

Both men and women will get equal opportunity to participate in the project implementation including in the process of preparatory stage, consultation, discussion… to have a diverse set of opinions. 

Female participation as speaker or delegates to the workshop will be encouraged based on the highest efficiency of the project, therefore, the percentage of female speakers and participants will be decided at a later stage. However, the organizers will make sure that women are provided favorable conditions to take part in and contribute to the project. We expect at least 40 percent of the presentations are conducted by women and at least 40 percent of participants are female. 

The discussion in the Workshop will also consider the important role as well as contribution and achievement of women in pioneering in this area. 

The information will be disseminated through different ways and invitation will be circulated among OFWG members and other agencies to attract as many women as possible from APEC member to attend the Workshop. 

PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (and not only the APEC funded) from the project event. This data will be included as part of the submission of the Completion Report to the Secretariat when the project completes and will serve to guide future POs on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Timing

Tasks

Deliverables

November 2019

Finalize Project Proposal

Project Proposal that met the quality assessment

December 2019

Find suitable contractor from relevant agencies/institutions/academies

Draft the contract, the TOR, the PO’s justification to APEC Secretariat

Sign the contract

CV of the contractor

Contract, TOR

PO’s justification for the choice of the contractor

Notice of declaration from the contractor

January 2020

Draft the agenda and collect a list of background reading documents on the topic in collaboration with co-sponsors and OFWG members

Draft agenda

List of background reading documents

February - March 2020

Finalize the list of speakers, send out invitation and request them to prepare presentations

Finalize the agenda

Prepare logistic issues to organize the Workshop (finance, secure venue, services and other equipment…)

Revised agenda with some key speakers

Confirmed list of speakers

Collection of presentations of speakers

Preparation checklist

Financial portfolio of the Workshop

April 2020

Write the General Information/AC and circulate it

Send out invitation to all participants

Prepare logistic issues for speakers and participants from travel-eligible members (advance payment, flight tickets, non-member participation list…)

Confirm the attendance of invited participants

Confirmed list of participants

April 2020

Submit the APEC Project Monitoring Report to the Secretariat (PD-PMU).

APEC Project Monitoring Report

May 2020

Organize the Workshop

Conduct the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation surveys and collect the result by the end of the Workshop

Draft the Summary Report and the Compendium of Recommendations

Collection of documents of the workshop (agenda, speeches, questionnaire…)

Evaluation survey results

Draft Summary Report

Draft Compendium of Recommendations

June 2020

Circulate the draft of the Summary Report among workshop participants and finalize

Circulate the draft of the Compendium of Recommendations in OFWG and finalize

Final Summary Report

Final Compendium of Recommendations

July - August 2020

Submit the Final Summary Report and Final Compendium of Recommendations to OFWG

Publish the project outputs online for the workshop participants, OFWG members and APEC economies.

Online publication on website of APEC and others

October 2020

Submit the APEC Prject Completion Report and supporting documents to OFWG

Final APEC Project Completion Report and supporting documents 

June 2021

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects

Risks

To ensure that the workshop is effective, early consultation (4 months before the Workshop) on its content and methodology would be held with APEC experts, external contractors and international agencies. 

In order to ensure the workshop a success with widespread and appropriate participants, early invitation and consultation with APEC members’ relevant departments and international agencies will be conducted (2 months before the Workshop), Organizers will limit the number of participants, check positions and CVs, invite observers to avoid the situation of too many people participating in the workshop or participants are not qualified to discuss the issues. Organizers will maintain communications with participants, do a check early enough to allow postponement, and has a list of possible replacement participants. 

One of the risks is the shortage of capable speakers. The organizer will make sure to work closely with potential speakers to secure their participation and ask for a soft copy of presentation with 2 months before the Workshop. 

To avoid duplication, 3 months before the Workshop, the PO will consult closely with the overseer of relevant projects to identify any overlapping contents. The PO will also read all the outputs of other APEC Workshop related to this issue. 

Besides, any delays or untimely preparation will be strictly addressed. At the early implementation stage of this project, an ad-hoc team which is in charge of visa application, contact engagement, and participants confirmation will be established to guarantee internal deadlines. Organizers will also secure backup venue, keep financial reserve to cover unforeseen costs. 

Another risk is the information gap where quality and comprehensiveness of information maybe affected due to the different levels of capacities of the experts and participants. To address this issue, the PO will make great efforts to invite notable experts (from governments, businesses, institutions) in this area for the quality and comprehensiveness of the information and filter the most relevant participants who are working in marine debris reduction and management for the efficiency of the Workshop.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Indicators of the outputs may include the number of participants, speakers, press invited at the Workshop, recommendations made, post-Workshop reports. 

The agenda and list of speakers, the survey, and Workshop papers are timely prepared and collected according to the Work Plan. 

The stakeholder feedbacks and the post-workshop survey with several indicators such as content, speaker effectiveness, knowledge achieved, logistical preparations, will evaluate the Workshop’s effectiveness. 

The Workshop can be assessed whether it meets the proposed objectives by comparing what participants gain from the Workshop by conducting the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation surveys and collect the results by the end of the Workshop for comparison. 

On the outputs of the project, indicators will include the conduct of the Workshop as planned, and the completion of reports and proceedings as scheduled, the Compendium of Recommendations to cover about 10 key recommendations. 

Also, the project’s team will seek to meet the following measurable indicators: (i) Approximately 120 participants, 8 international speakers from no less than 13 economies; (ii) At least 40 percent of the presentations are conducted by women; (iii) At least 40 percent of participants are female. 

The PO will also monitor the download counts of the Summary Report and the Compendium of Recommendations.

Linkages

Many APEC economies have made earlier activities related to marine debris issue in OFWG but there has not been a specific project that focuses solely on new technologies to prevent land-based debris. For example, China hosted the Workshop on Best Practices Sharing on Marine Debris Management in Coastal Cities of APEC Region (2017) or Korea implemented the Capacity Building for Marine Debris Prevention and Management in the APEC region (2016, 2017)

The PO will liaise with respective POs of the relevant project to learn about the content for coordination and avoid duplication. PO will consider inviting representatives from related groups including the PPSTI, PPFS, CD, TWG… who share the same interest in marine debris reduction and ocean ecosystem protection in order to promote the collaboration between OFWG and these fora.

Sustainability

We expect this project to continue to have an impact after APEC funding is completed. For example, project participants can set up a multi-stakeholder network to identify cooperation areas and promote collective actions on marine conservation. Additionally, participants can share the summary report and information learned with other government officials or relevant agencies and industry in their home economies. 

The Summary Report and the Compedium of Recommendations are the outputs of the Workshop, which will make the project impact after its completion. We will make sure these outputs will be published on different channels (online, offline) to be easily accessible. 

We anticipate that this conversation will provide valuable information on the topics relating to reducing marine debris. If there is appetite and interest in a future workshop specifically on risk-based approaches to marine debris, we could consider including a follow-up workshop to go into more detail. The outcomes of this work and potential next steps will also be highlighted at other relevant APEC meetings.

Project Overseers

Ms. Nguyen Minh Hang is Director-General of the Department of Multilateral Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam. She has been working with APEC fora for nearly 20 years and has been the PO of several APEC projects.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Short-term clerical assistant will collect information from working group, comments from APEC economies and drafting conclusion for the collecting information. 

APEC will fund to support 10 speakers in total for the 2-day Workshop. 

APEC will fund to a contractor: will work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; conduct the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation surveys and collect the result, analyse data; develop curriculum for the Workshop; prepare and complete the Monitoring Report; take notes; develop and finalize the report of the Workshop with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters (500 hours total).

Waivers

Please have advance payment (travel airfare, per diem) for speakers and delegates participating in the meeting to encourage participation in the project as many of speakers and participants are not able to attend the Workshop due to reimbursement. 

Please allow maximum of 10 speakers per day in spite of the 6 speakers per day rule. In order to make this project a success, the PO strongly believes that experts from public and academic sectors should be invited to share their studies’ outputs and experiences. Their inputs will be required during the last session that will include discussions of the participating APEC economies on recommendations of the Workshop to OFWG. 

The number of speakers if reaches 10 will be discussed and decided by the PD based on case by case. The PO will provide justifications for the PD’s decision.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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