Project Title

The Role of Standardisation in Promoting Employment Related to the Silver Economy 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

SCSC 06 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

SCSC 06 2018A 

Project Title

The Role of Standardisation in Promoting Employment Related to the Silver Economy 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

77,400 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

77,400 

Sponsoring Forum

Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) 

Topics

Conformance; Standards 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Russia; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Lilli Cao 

Job Title 1

Director of Service Standardisation Sub-Institute 

Organization 1

China National Institute of Standardisation 

Postal Address 1

Not Applicable 

Telephone 1

(86-10) 58811704 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

caoll@cnis.gov.cn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Lili Cao 

Project Summary

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Nowadays, ageing populations is a serious problem that is growing globally and impacts more and more APEC members.  For those economies, there is a trade-off since the silver economy can bring both advantages and disadvantages.  The growth of the ageing population has driven the development of the silver economy in different industries such as elderly care services and products, insurance, telehealth and e-health, geriatric medical equipment and so on.  However, while bringing new employment opportunities to APEC members, the silver economy also poses economic and social challenges and a potential crisis for labor markets, including but not limited to:

A) The lack of qualified young professionals to meet the labor market demand of silver economy and the decrease of social productivity caused by the ageing population are constraining the economic and social development and the industrial upgrading.

B) Elderly workers must delay their retirement, although their physical limitations might not allow them to master new working skills.

C) The supply of skilled and professional laborers, like geriatric doctors, nurses, and other elderly care workers that could serve the ageing population is insufficient, especially for single elderly people with no children.

D)  Poor labor mobility among APEC members creates more challenges for the silver economy. The labor trade flow is inefficient and ineffective meaning unemployed professionals from developing APEC members cannot easily move to developed APEC members to fill gaps in labor forces. 

Standardization is one of the most effective methods that could address the above mentioned issues and create sustainable benefits for the economies in the APEC region, including but not limited to:

A) Developing occupational standards to help retired elderly workers finding suitable job positions based on their physical and psychological conditions.

B)  Developing training and educational standards to help elderly workers learn new work-related skills, such as the adoption of new techniques and the operation of smart devices in order to promote elderly employment and re-employment rate.

C) Developing the regional mutual recognition of silver-economy-related standards and compliance thereof to facilitate silver economy trade and the free flow of labor within the APEC region, matching the gap between the employment demand and work seekers that exists across the region.

D)  Increasing the level of automatization, as well as digital and intelligent services, to increase productivity even with the insufficient or low-quality labor force.

E)  Developing professional standards for elderly care service providers and staff to help cultivate more qualified occupational practitioners to meet the market needs and improve the silver economy development.

F) Improving the important role of employment in realizing the sustainable social participation and connectedness within the context of the silver economy.

Sharing best practices and experiences, and seeking suggestions and possible solutions will strengthen the emphasis on standardization to promote silver economy employment and the establishment of a cooperation framework, contribute to the harmonization and mutual recognition of related standards, and promote labor mobility. Through the voluntary participation of APEC members, the project will improve regional responsiveness to ageing populations, and promote the overall competitiveness of the silver economy. 

Relevance – Eligibility: The project fits and supports the ASF General Fund priority areas “Developing Human Capital” and “Addressing social dimension of globalization”. Standardization is one of the most effective methods to maintain an orderly labor market related to the Silver Economy, improve the ability of labor resources, and establish extensive international connections related to the Silver Economy. As a result, this project is helpful in broadening the benefits of economic growth, deepen the basis for sustainable growth, strengthen social cohesion domestically and regionally, remove obstacles and barriers in social dimension of globalization. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: 

1) To attain sustainable growth and equitable development in the Asia-Pacific region. This project can help retired elderly workers finding suitable job positions; alleviate problems brought by the shortage of youth labour resources, increase economic productivity. These factors are important in economic development. All of the APEC member economies will benefit from this project by promoting the sustainable growth of human resources and labour forces in a long term.

2)  To reduce economic disparities among APEC economies. Aging is the key factor of unbalanced economic development. This project will reduce the regional difference in APEC members by providing a platform that enables APEC members to share best practices and experiences resolving employment problems within the silver economy. Through standardizing the labour forces’ professional skills and requirements, the capacity of the general level of employment for both developing and developed member economies can be promoted simultaneously, which can also reduce the regional difference in APEC economies.

3)l  To improve the economic and social well-being of the people. Standardization is effective in reducing the cost of economy. This project can help to develop elderly care service market to meet the market needs, raise the life quality of the elder, and improve the economic and social well-being of the people. APEC developing economies that lack financial capacity, developed infrastructure,  labour resources, and social welfare systems and have a higher level of unemployment rate may receive more benefits by actively participating in the regional economy and in trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

4) To deepen the spirit of community in the Asia Pacific. This project can help to match the gap among APEC economies, promoting the cooperation and the free flow of labour force. All of these will deepen the spirit of community in the Asia Pacific.

Objectives

The objectives of this project are:

1) To share best practices and experiences for promoting the employment in silver economy through the standardization method;

2) Identify common employment challenges and problems faced by the silver economy and discuss existing and possible standardization solutions that can help address them; and

3) Establish co-operation mechanism among APEC members to promote APEC economies’ capabilities in the field of silver economy.(e.g. to encourage the APEC economics to work together on putting forward international standard proposal on ageing workforce in ISO/TC 314 on Ageing society; a long-term connection mechanism with other economics will be established after project completion, see SECTION D:  Project Sustainability.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project supports the following strategies directly: Growth Strategy: “Create new economic opportunities for women, elderly and vulnerable groups”; The APEC Leaders' Growth Strategy: “inclusive growth, promote job creation, human resource development, and active labor market policies create new economic opportunities for women, elderly, and vulnerable groups”; 2017 APEC High Level Meeting on Health and The Economy Healthy Aging: “improving access to community-based primary care which can address the needs of growing elderly populations”. 

Alignment – Forum: This project will support the objectives of SCSC, including “promote good regulatory practices in the preparation, adoption and application of standards, technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures” and “encourage participation in standards education and awareness programs to build capacity and capability to enhance the competitiveness of businesses”.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

A)  A pre-research, before March 2019:

1) Collect some material and data about the employment situation of silver economy in  China. For example, the employment rate of aged (above 60 years old), the proportion of aged population, the difficulties and obstacles they face, the current policies, strategies and standards.

2)  Collect some material and data about the employment situation of silver economy in other APEC economies, especially the co-sponsors of this project.

B) 2-days Forum in Beijing, September 2019:

1) Agenda and work plan of the forum. There will be total 6 discussion topics for 2 days forum (each day 3 topics), and each topic will take about 1 hour as a lecture given by invited speakers, after which 1 hours round-table discussions will be followed to give opportunity for communication of questions and suggestions.

(For instances, the possible discussion topics/agenda items might be “the specific consumer protection issues for women involved in digital trade of silver economy”, “the entrepreneurial innovation opportunities of silver economy”, “the gender equality of employment in silver economy”, “the promotion of later-life-work by the method of standardization” and so on.)

2) 6 speakers will be invited to give 6 lectures successively in the forum to share the best practices and possible standardization methods in APEC economies. The target speakers are professional experts in either research field of standardization or labor resource/employment or both.

3)  Round-table discussions will be carried on separately right after the 6 lectures in order to identify the common employment challenges and problems, during which all discussions/questions/suggestions will be collected and recorded for the preparation of the summary report.

4)  A teleconference meeting will also be held simultaneously in case for APEC economies that are interested in but cannot attend the Forum in person.

5)  The attendance list with signature will also be provided to ensure the proportion of females consists at least 30% of all participants (include speakers) in order to achieve the gender equality.

C)  Forum Effectiveness Survey:

1)  A project evaluation survey will be conducted for all participants on the end of the forum, which would include several questions to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of this forum, For example, the improvement of participants’ awareness of standardization method and employment issues in silver economy and so on.

2)  A summary analysis of the aggregated data figured out from the forum effectiveness survey results will also be submitted to the secretariat.

D)  Summary Report:

1)  A 5,000 words summary report is the review and summary of the all collected materials (lectures/discussions/questions/suggestions) used during the forum, by which all valuable findings of the project can be saved and shared as written text.

2)  The summary report will be circulated to all project participants and eventually be available for the public on the APEC website. Therefore, the target audiences of the summary report might include all project participants, future APEC POs, experts and scholars in relevant research fields, enterprises and organizations who are seeking to hire unemployed elderly workers and so on.

The summary report has total 3 parts: Part 1 will be the general information of this project (including the objectives, speakers and participants, etc.); Part 2 will introduce the common employment challenges and problems associate with silver economy identified in the forum; Part 3 will include the lectures and best practices shared during the forum, recommendations of possible standardization or any other methods/solutions; The Attachment will include the attendance list of speakers and participants, the forum agenda, the forum effectiveness survey and the aggregated data result.

E)  Completion Report

The completion report will be developed and submitted to the Secretariat at the end of the project according to the requirement of APEC project. 

Outcomes: Participants in this project will get effective and practical knowledge about the functionality of standardization method through the sharing of best practices by lectures and round-table discussion. In general, all participants can receive best practices and possible standardization methods regarding the promotion of employment in silver economy. Once participants expand the knowledge which is obtained in this project into their economy, APEC economy could possibly solve several common employment problems and challenges identified by this project, which could not only decrease the pressure caused by the ageing population but also improve the development of trade and economy inside of the APEC region.

In the medium-term, the PO and her team will summarize the key findings of this project as part of summary report. These findings will also be reported on international standardization conferences by the PO and her team (for example the ISO/TC 314 plenary meeting, etc.). Besides, by doing this project, the local and international standards regarding the promotion of employment in the silver economy can be collected. The PO and her team will list the name of these standards in the completion report.

In the long-term, the knowledge and ideas figured out from this project will last a long-term influence while the project participating APEC members are developing their local standards and international standards regarding the promotion of employment in silver economy. 

Beneficiaries: The target participants and main beneficiaries for this project include the followings from all APEC members:

1)  Standardization research institutes and standards developers, such as Standards Australia, who will be engaged by introducing the relative local standards regarding ageing society, elderly care services, and products etc.

2) Elderly-care service providers and relative product manufacturers, such as Four Seasons Old-age Home in Beijing will be engaged by introducing their innovations, technologies, and market practices.

3)  Academic experts and scholars, who will be invited and engaged by introducing their updated studies and research regarding the silver economy, employment promotion, and other social issues.

4) Consumer agencies or groups, such as China Consumer Association or Consumers Council of Canada, who will be engaged by introducing the current market demands, practical cases, obstacles and challenges in silver economy activities.

5) Government officials or policy makers, who will be invited and benefit from this project, can be inspired by updated research and effective policy or strategy experiences introduced by other APEC economies during the Forum. Therefore, they can improve their policies and build their capacity of making public policies and strategies regarding the silver economy.

Therefore, all participants can receive benefits, including learn lots of best practices, update relevant personal knowledge and increase their awareness of standardization method, through listening to the lectures, proposing questions and problems, joining discussions with either speakers or other participants and reading the summary report.

It also needs to notice that only experienced and professional experts will be invited as speakers; all participants need to be with prepared valuable problems/questions/suggestions to discuss; at least 30% of all participants will only open to invite females to ensure the gender balance of this project.

As the National Institute of Standardization (PO’s organization), CNIS has long-term cooperation and collaboration with lots of standardization research institutes and organizations all around the world, especially those institutions of the APEC members. Also, CNIS has been engaged in the works of ISO/TC 314 Ageing Society Technical Committee since it was just established, where the participants and experts are from not only research institution and universities but also from the consumer agencies and elderly-care services and products providers and manufacturers. As a result, this project could have the capacity to ensure the diversity and quantity of participants.

Dissemination

After the forum ends, the summary report of this project’s outputs will be circulated among all participants as the electronic publication, including relevant APEC members, NSB, ISO technical committees, standardization research institutes, elderly care industries, professional academies and universities and so on.

Gender

In the labor market, women are at a comparative disadvantage in lots of APEC regions. This disadvantage can also intensify with the increase of age. This project can help to achieve gender equality of employment in the silver economy through the standardization method.

For example, the evaluation standard of elderly population’s working capacity can be a very fair tool to access the working capacity of both elderly male and female employers in order to achieve the gender equality for the employment in silver economy. People, especially women can be trained by the standards related to occupational skills, which enable them to access employment opportunities on an equal footing with men.

In order to encourage women participation, this project commits to try and ensure that 30% of participants and speakers/experts are women. Under the leadership of a female PO (Ms. Lili Cao), the women participation will be ensured throughout the whole process of this project, from project design, project plan, project management to the project completion.

PO is committed to collect sex-disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only the APEC funded) at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat at the completion of the project about what was achieved as well as giving future POs guidance on their own gender parity targets.

Besides, this project will also try to invite the PO of the current Mexican SCSC project to give a specific presentation and discuss the possible cross fields of two project in the forum.

In conclusion, this project has met 2 out of 5 Gender Criteria for APEC projects, “Access to market” to help elderly women labors to access to the employment market in silver economy and “Skill, capacity, building, and health” to help elderly women labors to build their working skills and capacity to have more competitive advantage compare to men when trying to be employed in silver economy.

Work Plan

The following have been organized as the work plan of the project: 

No.

Timeline

Tasks/Activities

Outputs/Deliverables

1

December 2018 to February 2019

Carry out pre-research by the PO and her team

Part of the summary report

2

March to April 2019

Develop a draft agenda and a work plan for the forum

Draft agenda and work plan

3

May to June 2019

Distribute the draft agenda and invite the speakers/participants

Speakers and participants list

4

July to August 2019

Collect the presentations from the speakers

The presentations provided to the participants on the forum

5

September 2019

Convene the forum in Beijing, China (2 days)

Forum conducted

6

September 2019

Draft the summary report, and other materials (speakers/participants signature, the aggregated data of evaluation results, and other documents), and circulate for comments.

The draft summary report, and other draft materials (speakers/participants signature, the aggregated data of evaluation results, and other documents)

7

November to December 2019

Finalize and submit the summary report, and other materials (speakers/participants signature, the aggregated data of evaluation results, and other documents).

The summary report, and other materials (speakers/participants signature, the aggregated data of evaluation results, and other documents)

9

February 2020

Draft, endorse and submit the completion report and all supporting documents to the secretariat.

The completion report and all supporting documents

10

June 2020 to December 2020

Participate in the long term evaluation of APEC projects conducted by the secretariat.

Risks

5 key risks have been identified in the project along with corresponding responses: 

1) The risk of not having the right speakers and participants: To avoid and resolve this risk, by given the support received from within the SCSC, 12 co-sponsors and other economies will be encouraged to prompt participation from experts. Meanwhile, with the help of ISO/TC314 and China NSB, the information and invitation of the forum will be distributed in time among the entities and experts to reduce this risk, and improve and ensure the attendance. 

2) The risk of not delivering relevant best practices and offer effective standardization methods: To avoid and resolve this risk, in the pre-research period, the PO and her team will contact scholars studying on this subject, both in and outside of APEC economies, such as Dr. Sabrina Pit working for the University of Sydney, Ms. Soh, Swee Ping working for The Council for Third Age in Singapore, Ms. Phantachat, Wantanee working for National Electronics and Computer Technology Center of Thailand, and Dr. Jürgen Deller working for Leuphana University Lüneburg, and collect some available best practices, combining with the lectures and discussions in the forum together to explore new effective standardization methods. 

3) The risk of low-quality or low-relevant information products (Reports): To avoid and resolve this risk, the PO and her team will keep in touch with all the speakers and coordinate the content of the lectures, to ensure high quality and high relevance of the lectures. Design the topics of discussions accurately, guide participants involving into a high quality and efficient dialogue. 

4)  The risks of not having the desired number of funded participants: To avoid and resolve this risk, in addition to the usual nomination process, the project will contact and communicate with the APEC economies, release the agenda and invitations as soon as possible, providing sufficient time for participants to attend the conference. And the PO and her team will help in visas, transportation, accommodation, work meals, etc. to ensure the attendance of funded-participants. 

5) The risk of “Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project”: To avoid and resolve this risk, in addition to disseminate project outputs extensively, the PO and her team will discuss with ISO/TC 314 and some local NSB, exploring how to solidify the outputs of the project in the form of international standards or local standards for better dissemination, promotion and adoption.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The project will establish an internal monitoring mechanism upon commencement, which will comprise ongoing monitoring of the project progress, the quality of forum and all of the outputs, and reports. The establishment of the mechanism will enable the PO to better understand priority issues and risks and provide the opportunity to deal with matters upfront before they become significant. The project will meet at key times for the duration to provide strategic guidance, support, review, and endorsement of project plans, reports, and deliverables and to facilitate contact amongst stakeholders. This mechanism will also monitor and manage the budget to ensure compliance with expenditures, including recording each expense. 

For evaluation, this project will collect both objective information and subjective feedback from the speakers/participants as indicators. 

The objective information indicators include:

1) The number of participating economies (we welcome the participation of all APEC economies to join the project by attending the Forum in person or connecting to teleconference simultaneously.);

2) The number of speakers (not less than 6 speakers);

3) The number of participants (not less than 30 participants);

4) The participation rates of female participants and speakers (not less than 30%);

5) The diversity of participants and speakers (not less than 5 working for public officials, not less than 5 working  for private sectors, not less than 5 working for research institute, not less than 5 working for colleges and universities; not less than 5 people with a professional background in human resources management, not less than 5 people with a professional background in sliver economy, not less than 5 people with a professional background in standardization);

6) The number of best practices developed (not less than 6 best practices);

Implement this project in accordance with the work plan and corresponding timelines (developing a draft agenda and a work plan for the forum in 2019 March – April, convening the forum in 2019 September). 

The subjective feedback indicators from the speakers/participants include:

If the project achieved its intended objectives?
If the agenda items and topics covered were relevant?
If the content was well organized and easy to follow?
If gender issues were sufficiently addressed during the project implementation?
If the speaker were well prepared and knowledgeable about the topic?
If the materials distributed were useful?
If the time allotted for the training was sufficient?
If the project has positive effects in achieving knowledge and raising awareness?

Linkages

 

Sustainability

In this project, the beneficiaries will be supported to carry forward the results and lessons after APEC funding finished. The completion report and forum materials will be distributed to all participants and APEC members for dissemination to national stakeholders for long-term. The materials mentioned above will be available to all the participants, economies, stakeholders and beneficiaries long after the project has been completed, via the APEC Publication Database and other resources with no cost. 

After project completion, several steps will be adopted to incubate the related International Standards and bilateral or multilateral agreements between APEC economies from the outputs and outcomes of this project, depending on the realistic demand in the future, and this will have a lasting effect on all the beneficiaries. Firstly, during the forum an agreement will be made in advance on how to track/report changes happening in home economies. All the parties should send their reports to PO Quarterly. PO and her team will integrate materials and send materials to everyone. Through this way, the PO can evaluate the effectiveness of project in time. Secondly, all the participants can contact with each other by email registered on Participant Contact List which will be delivered to everyone. Thirdly, the PO and her team will report the projects on similar international forums, integrating the outcomes of the projects into local standards and international standards. By doing these, this project may continue to sustain after it completes. 

This project will comply with the APEC project implementation process and timeline strictly. In order to measure the outcomes and impacts, the questionnaire which contains questions about the project progress, costs, goals, outcomes, outputs, impacts on gender, and other indicators will be designed and distributed to all participants and speakers. The collective summary and statistical results will be submitted to all the APEC members in the completion report.

Project Overseers

The project overseer is Ms. Cao Lili, Director for Services Standardization Department in China National Institute of Standardization. Ms. Cao Lili has engaged in standardization research for years and responsible for many standardization projects. Ms. Cao Lili is the expert of ISO/COPOLCO Chair’s Group (Committee on Consumer Policy), the convener of WG6 on Long Distance Learning with ISO/TC232(Learning services outside formal education) and the expert of ISO/TC314 (Ageing societies). 

Other main contact points responsible for this project are:

Mr. HOU Fei, who is the associate researcher of China National Institute of Standardization, also one of the PRC’s representatives in the APEC SCSC.

Ms. CAO Lingxia, who is the internship researcher of China National Institute of Standardization.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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