Project Title

APEC Workshop on Best Practices of Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) Implementation within APEC Economies: Opportunities and Challenges 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

CTI 13 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 13 2018A 

Project Title

APEC Workshop on Best Practices of Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) Implementation within APEC Economies: Opportunities and Challenges 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

13,000 

Total Project Value

113,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Indonesia 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Singapore; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2019 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Armi Yuniani  

Job Title 1

Assistant Deputy Director, APEC Access to Investment 

Organization 1

Ministry of Trade 

Postal Address 1

Jalan M. I. Ridwan Rais No. 5 Jakarta Pusat, 10110, Indonesia 

Telephone 1

(62-21) 3858195 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

armi.yuniani@kemendag.go.id; me_1706@yahoo.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Armi Yuniani  

Project Summary

World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement seeks to expedite the movement, release, and clearance of goods. It is divided into 3 broad categories; A (fully implemented), B (need additional time to implement), and C (need additional time and capacity building). While most of APEC economies were already in Category A, several are still in the Category B and C. 

To give a thorough understanding about the importance of fully implemented TFA among APEC economies, 2-days workshop will be held in Bali, Indonesia, April 2019. This workshop also aimed to identify the challenges and obstacles in TFA provision implementation, particularly in regulation side. Last, this workshop aspires to establish a recommendation as guidance for APEC economies to formulate a proper policy. Workshop will be presented in the method of knowledge sharing and discussion with several experts from APEC member economies and International Organizations.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Trade Facilitation Agreement was concluded by WTO Members at the Bali WTO Ministerial Meeting in 2013. CTI noted that several economies in APEC have officially accepted the TFA Agreement and encourage the remaining economies to progress their notification and implementation on the agreement. TFA Agreement divided in three different structures, each regulate a different aspect of facilitation on trade. Section I, focus on substantive provisions which clarifies and improves several General Agreements on Tariff and Trade (GATT) articles and sets out provisions for customs cooperation. Section II, focus on Special and Differential Treatment provisions for developing and Least Developed Countries (LDCs). While Section III focus on final provisions and institutional arrangements.

All APEC member economies, which also member of WTO, should notified their TFA implementation progress by the end of 2022 (depend on the categories). Until today, the average A category of TFA in all APEC economies are 89.93%. There are seven economies with B categories, 3 economies with C categories, and one economy with a ‘not-yet-notified’ (to WTO) category (PNG 78.6%) (WTO, 2018).

Having said that, each economy may have a different challenge in fully implementing TFA. This workshop served the purpose of giving equal chance and perspectives for all economies on how to address the challenges to fully implement TFA provision and move toward category A, by sharing their best practices and know how TFA, especially for developing economies, as a mutual dialogue session for both developing and developed economies. Workshop will be presented in the method of knowledge sharing, discussion, as well as Q&A sessions with several experts from APEC member economies and International Organizations. 

Relevance – Eligibility: Under the ASF General Fund, member economies could apply for project supports capacity building needed. The proposed capacity building workshop was designed to obtain, share, strengthen, maintain, and develop knowledge, abilities, skills, and technical know-how for APEC Economies to implement the trade facilitation agreement and integrate themselves into global economy. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: As established by the APEC’s 1996 Manila Framework on Strengthening Economic Cooperation and Development, this project aims to attain a sustainable trade and economic growth, as well as reduce economic disparities among member economies. 

Following the approaching timeline of fully implemented TFA under WTO mandate, this workshop serves the needs driven by member economies to build their capacity in TFA by facilitating the exchange of knowledge among economies about the implementation of TFA, therefore the impact of this workshop expected to accelerate member to fully implement Category A on their respective TFA Implementation. This project also aimed as an enabling factor in member economies that will have a real impact on the economies through TFA, by opening up the doors for economies to fully participate in the trade and regional economy dynamics.

Objectives

The workshop will be covering three main purposes below:

1) To give a thorough understanding about the importance of fully implemented TFA through workshop, which covering all three different sections above. Workshop will be carried out through experience and knowledge sharing on TFA implementation among economies and experts from developed economies, which already implement all TFA commitment.

2) To identify the challenges and obstacles in TFA provision implementation in each economy, particularly in regulation sides. Regulation and bureaucracy are part of key success factors in achieving fully implemented TFA.

3) To propose a general guideline for CTI APEC and APEC economies in particular. Studies among APEC economies and other region have shown that TFA will help the economies to improve their quality of international trade by more transparent regulation, streamlining bureaucracy, and supporting infrastructure particularly in information and communication technology.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The proposed workshop is in line with the APEC Priorities and CTI Work Program for 2018 where the priorities are focusing on (i) Improving Digital Connectivity, Deepening Regional Economic Integration; (ii) Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth; and (iii) Strengthening Inclusive Economic Growth through Structural Reform. 

This project is also relevant to several current or medium-term priorities established by CTI as well as APEC as a whole. Firstly, this project responds to Leaders’ priority in supporting the Multilateral Trading System (MTS). Secondly, the project responds to Leaders’ support on WTO TFA and call for its full implementation. Finally, this project reflects as an approach of APEC’s long standing belief that liberalization and reduction of barriers to trade and investment are useful instruments for APEC to pursue specific economic growth goals. 

Alignment – Forum: Under the CTI Forum, the monitoring activities of the implementation of TFA is strongly encouraged. The proposed workshop will help economies to progress their implementation of TFA by improving their knowledge and know-how on TFA Agreement. 

This workshop also served as a complementary dialogue to the previous APEC Capacity Building on TFA, held by Papua New Guinea (PNG) and United States of America (USA). In PNG, the capacity building was focus on the experience and challenges sharing of implementation of category B and C of TFA. Whilst in USA, the forum focused on technical assistance and capacity building for developing member economies working to address obligations to implement new commitments on transparency including publication and Internet publication under Article 1 of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: This workshop will create several outputs that related with the objectives of the project as listed below:

1)  The workshop will be held for 2-days in Bali, Indonesia in the second quarter of 2019 by inviting speakers who are experts in the area of TFA. The workshop will be participated by government officials and academics from APEC member economies and several related international organizations. The workshop will equip the participants with various knowledge and information of TFA by having the speakers and experts will share their knowledge and experience on TFA implementation in their respected economies or organization. There will also be a mutual dialogue session, designed to create a general guideline for APEC member economies as a reference on implementing TFA provision. There will also be a pre and post evaluation test, in a form of self-assessment and multiple-choice questions to measure the general and technical knowledge about TFA from the participant.

2)  A project report will be produced after the workshop, which will be composed of the following but not limited to, sections: introduction of the project, briefings of the case studies presented at the workshop, briefings on discussions at the workshop; suggested guidelines on TFA implementation for APEC member economies. This report will be circulated to all participants and be an APEC Publication for a reference on TFA’s related workshop or capacity building in APEC. The Project Report’s expected lengths is maximum 10 pages, divided into the minutes of the workshop, along with the results, suggestion and recommendation for future TFA-themed agenda. 

Outcomes: There are at least three specific measurable outcomes for this project: 

1)  Based on the workshop’s presentations and discussions, it is expected that participants can enhance their awareness and knowledge of best practice of TFA. The latter term refers to the TFA Database, in which most Asia Pacific economies still need assistance on TFA-related ICT, infrastructure, legislative framework, institutional procedures, and human resources. This outcome will be measured by Pre-test before the workshop and followed by Post-test in the end of the workshop. All the participants will be required to complete these tests as a part of evaluation criteria.

2)  The project report, in maximum 10-pages, would be published as one of APEC Publication. The circulated report along with the general guidance in it, could be used as a reference for the participant upon their return to the home economies. The progress of each economies may differ judging from its regulation, socio economic condition, and policy structure. We expect that this workshop, along with its selected beneficiaries, may bring good progress and improvement in each economies for the purpose of fulfilling TFA implementation. In the future, probably in the end of 2020 as expected, all economies in APEC were already in Category-A.

Beneficiaries: There are two components in this workshop which specified as direct beneficiaries and long-term beneficiaries. It is also noted that PO would strictly consider equal percentage of men and women as beneficiaries. 

Direct beneficiaries:

1)  Policy makers (e.g. Custom Officer, International Trade Analyst, the World Customs Organization, Economic Researcher). It is expected that medium to high level policy makers were able to attend. Policy makers could be classified as long term beneficiaries in this matter since they are the direct actor for TFA related policies.

2) Academics with expertise in international trade, border logistic, or customs. Academics would be able to obtain first-hand insights and case studies from the government and international organization side.

3) Long-term Beneficiaries: Long-term beneficiaries will include Developing Economies and other sectors (i.e. Multinational Companies and internationalized MSMEs). 

a) Developing Economies: The developing economies are a part of direct beneficiaries in terms of capacity building. Some policy reformations from trade facilitation in the long-term will benefit APEC developing economies in the ways of GDP growth, market access, etc.

4) Other Sectors: Other sectors that are conducting this workshop will also benefit in the long-term from shared report of this project such as Multinational Companies (MNCs) and internationalized MSMEs.

Dissemination

Number, form, and content of any publications : The report will be an APEC publication.

Hard copies (presentations of the workshop) will be provided to all the workshop's participants. Electronic distribution (eg email, links for the materials and presentations) will also be used to disseminate the workshop's documents widely before the workshop commence.  A project report of the Workshop will also be prepared and submitted to the Committee on Trade and Investment for information and submitted to Senior Officials Meeting for endorsement.  The target audience will be trade policy officials from APEC economies working on trade facilitation, including researchers and analysts.

No intention to sell outputs arising from the project.

Gender

Empowering women and fully engaging them in a global business environment is an important issue especially for the Asia-Pacific Region. In alignment with such gender equality endeavors of APEC, this project will promote opportunities for both men and women. Therefore, throughout the preparation to the finalization period of the TFA workshop, the project organizers will seek gender balance with respect to the selection of experts and participants. A 50% goal is targeted for women’s participation in the Workshop both as speakers and participants. Invitations sent to CTI representatives will take due consideration of gender concerns by encouraging the suggestion and nomination of female speakers and participants. 

In addition, the project organizers will ensure that the evaluation forms to be distributed at the end of the workshop will include information on gender for disaggregating of data for project assessment and will help in evaluation of specific responses of women and men.

Work Plan

Timeline

Actions

Deliverables

June – November 2018

·  Submit concept note and received endorsement from APEC Secretariat

·  Submit  a full project proposal to APEC for consideration and endorsement

·   Endorsed concept note

·   Endorsed full project proposal

December 2018 – January 2019

1. Contracting process with contractor

·  Preparing the ToR or scope of services

·  Preparing CV of a recommended contractor

·  Preparing justification for the choice of contractor

·  Preparing notice that the recommended contractor agrees to the standard contract terms and conditions

·  Preparing Notice of declaration from the contractor

2.  Preparations for the workshop:

·  Drafting terms of reference for each session of the workshop

·  Drafting and finalizing agenda for each session of the workshop

·  Listing and inviting eligible speakers for each ession

·  Requesting deadline for chosen speakers to submit materials (in slide presentations)

1.  Contract with contractor

·  The ToR or Scope of Services

·  CV of a recommended contractor

·  A written justification for the choice of contractor

·  Notice that the recommended contractor agrees to the standard contract terms and conditions

·  Notice of declaration from the contractor

·  Final workshop ToR

·  Final of tentative workshop agenda

·  Data of eligible speakers for each session

·   Invitation of experts, speakers and participants; confirmation of participants and speakers.

February – March 2019

·  Agenda drafting and finalizing of materials from speakers

·  Drafting and finalizing (ex ante and ex post) evaluation of the workshop

·  Distributing ex ante evaluation of the workshop to speakers and participants

·  Final materials from speakers

·  Final (ex ante) evaluation of the workshop

April 2019

·  Implementation of the Workshop

·  Distributing ex post evaluation

·  Collecting ex post evaluation from speakers and participants

·  Analyzing (ex ante and ex post) evaluation from speakers and participants

·  Documentation (photos and notes along the workshop)

·  The result of ex post evaluation from speakers and participants

May – June 2019

·  Drafting and finalizing workshop summary (involve APEC members economies to give comments)

·  Presenting result of (ex ante and ex post) evaluation to be included in the project report

·  Circulating the workshop summary to speakers and participants to comment and finalize

·  Circulating the workshop summary to CTI and SOM to endorsement

·  Submitting completion report and all supporting document to APEC Secretariat for administrative matters

·  Project report, including presentation of survey results

·  Completion report

December 2019 to February 2020

·  Drafting, endorsement, and submission of the completion report  and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

·  All needed materials for responsibility to APEC Secretariat

June to December 2020

·  Presenting result of Long Term Evaluation APEC Projects conducted by APEC Secretariat

·  The result of Long Term Evaluation APEC Projects

Risks

Potential Risk

Mitigation Plan

The selection of good and suitable speakers

The organizers will work with the co-sponsor economies to get recommendations of potential speakers.

Last-minute speaker cancellation

·  Invited speakers must inform their cancellation 7-days prior to the event. Last minute cancellation should be confirmed along with the alternate speaker recommendation.

·  Identifying possible back-up speakers in advance of the event.

Late submission of speaker’s presentation

Speakers should notify their late submission and materials will be provided to participant on site in hardcopies.

Unequal knowledge among participants

Make sure that medium to high level officials as the participant by stating the participant criteria in the General Information. Lecturing in the first session will also aimed to levelling the participant’s knowledge.

The confirmed participants were below the target quota and the level of requirement

Distributing the invitation to the workshop early and set a periodically reminder.

Participant reluctance on reimburse payment

Organizers will ask for a waiver to APEC secretariat for an advance payment to all speakers and participants.

Feedback from participants after the workshop

Intesively follow up participants in the beginning and after the workshop to complete post-evaluation survey and keep them engage to submit any inputs once the project report will be released.

Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project

Organizers will maximize our effort in preparing adequate materials and speakers for the workshop. We will strongly encourage the participants, especially for the government officials, to comply with our requirement to send mid-level officials, so the workshop would be more effective.

Monitoring and Evaluation

To ensure comprehensive evaluation of the progress and achievement of the project, a set of indicators will be used as following

Indicator

Target

Number of speakers/ participants, number of participating economies and diversification of speakers/ participants.

The selection of speakers, moderators, and experts for the workshop will be work out by workshop’s organizers together with co-sponsor economies. The content of the workshop agenda will also be the thing that the organizers must set out. The project will adhere strictly to APEC project implementation procedures, including the timeline of actions. Organizers hope that 80 participants will attend the Workshop. Organizers will try to invite 4 female speakers/moderators to the Workshop and set the target of 50% of Workshop participants will be female.

Score of satisfaction on substance, speakers, logistic arrangements, impacts etc. in the questionnaires responded from participants.

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants as well as the speakers, moderators and experts to assess the effectiveness of the Workshop with respect to the relevance on the topics, presentations by speakers, overall impact and suggestions for further improvement and/or activities for future projects. Organizers will compile all comments and reflect them into the project report, which will be submitted to the APEC Committee on Trade and Investment for consideration. The satisfaction target is 60%.

Ex-ante and ex-post evaluation survey result

A comparative data resulted from participants pre- and post-test result in order to accurately measure the level of knowledge achieved. The result will be depicted in the project report. The targeted level increase of this workshop is 30%.

(i) Progress of draft and project reports; (ii) Dissemination of draft and project reports to participants and CTI.

The report and Workshop documents will be made available to Workshop participants and the APEC Secretariat. The draft report on the outcome of the Workshop will be sent to APEC Secretariat for review before finalization.

The assessment of the workshop effectiveness will be in evaluation form distributed during the workshop. The form will be distributed to  participants and assess the relevance on the topics, presentations by speakers, overall impact and suggestions for further improvement and/or activities for future projects. The organizers will compile all comments and reflect them into the project report, which will be submitted to the APEC Committee on Trade and Investment and Senior Official Meeting for consideration and finalization.

The report and Workshop documents will be made available to Workshop participants and the APEC Secretariat, as well as uploaded to APEC Publication Database. The draft report on the outcomes of the workshop will be sent to APEC Secretariat for review before finalization.

Linkages

Project organizers will bring together: policy makers (e.g. International Trade Analyst, Economic Researcher), academics as they are the targeted audience of this workshop. Organizers will seek for recommendation from the co-sponsors economies and CTI for the relevant speakers for this event, and discuss with other relevant international organization regarding the input for this workshop. Related with the previous TFA workshop in APEC, several TFA related workshop have already concluded. For example, CTI 06 2018A from PNG which tried to focus on the preparation of each member economies to implement TFA which will ultimately contribute positively to the supply chain in their respective regions. While this workshop will focus on how each member economies whose still in Category B and C could move forward to Category A. 

The project is initiated on the concern of members on the WTO-TFA, priorities and themes of the SCCP, CTI and APEC 2018 on trade facilitation area. This project will follow up previous APEC initiatives on the implementation of the WTO-TFA, but focus on different issues from previous workshops. The project will seek collaboration with SCCP, A2C2, MAG through sharing the outcomes. Collaboration with related CTI initiative will also be sought including APEC Supply Chain Connectivity Framework Action Plan (SCFAP) to obtain synergies among initiatives. 

As mentioned above, APEC funding is the best source of funding for this project because APEC has been implementing the WTO-TFA. APEC Leaders insisted that “APEC welcomes the entry into force of the WTO TFA and call for its full implementation,” and “... APEC economies as well as other WTO members to make their utmost efforts to submit their instruments of acceptance of the TFA”. Furthermore, APEC Ministers “support the complete and effective implementation of the TFA as soon as possible”.

Sustainability

The participants will have a greater understanding on the importance of fully implemented TFA after attending the workshop. As a result, based on the deeper knowledge and experience on this area, the policy makers of the region will have much more informed decisions related to trade facilitation. The participants will be taking part in the process of making the guidelines, thus they are expected to help implement their respected economies. Moreover, policy makers and academics who have not attended the workshop also may have benefits from the workshop by reading the minutes of workshop, which were shared through the discussion and disseminated presentation documents by speakers from the workshop which will be uploaded on APEC website.

The workshop materials will be available for use by participants, economies, stakeholders and beneficiaries long after the project has been completed, through its availability as a handout document and online at no cost on the AIMP. For academics, TFA topic would be a valuable source of information and learning point for their future research. Workshop speakers and participants are also valuable resources to get inputs or experts for future survey, questionnaires, field trips or other activities. The outcomes and recommendations of this Workshop may be used as the input for future projects/ studies in CTI.

APEC through the Project called “Table on APEC Economies’ Progress in Implementing the WTO Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)” lead by Singapore has asked member economy to report notification of WTO TFA. This project encourages APEC to implement the TFA into maximal stage. This will be a good way to measures any changes.

Project Overseers

Ms. Armi Yuniani got her Master Degree from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Since 2012, she has been the Head of Section to Directorate of APEC and International Organisation Negotiations, Directorate of International Trade Negotiations. She has been experienced enough as the PIC for APEC projects since 2015 with the issues covered on Development Products, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation, and now Non Tariff Measures. The APEC events she has been in charged as project overseer are APEC Trade Policy Dialogue on Development Products in Cebu 2015 (Self Funded) and Workshop on Promoting Trade in Products which Contribute to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth through Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation (APEC Funded) in Nha Trang, Vietnam, February 2017.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to support 8 speakers in total for the 2-day Workshop. 

Consultants are those who will work to support PO both in substative and administrative matters. The consultant’s team consists of trade facilitation experts and researchers in the field of international trade. The importance of consultant team to be at the workshop is for it to run smoothly so that the objectives of workshop are achieved and the expected outputs are realized. Accordingly, PO seeks APEC funding to support consultants airfare and per diem to attend the workshop. 

Consultant’s will work in total of 240 working hours with scope of works are as follow:

-  designing ToR of workshop

-  working with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda of workshop including elaboration of each agenda session and make sure speaker’s materials are in line with the topic

-  creating a list of suitable potential speakers

-   inviting speakers and arranging speaker’s guidance

-  designing the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation

-  taking notes during the workshop

-   facilitating group discussion (providing substantive guidance during group discussion)

-   processing the ex-ante and ex-post evaluation result drafting and finalizing the project reports with recommendations.

Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project.

Waiver to fund governmental officials from non-travel eligible member economies, non-APEC members and representatives of international organizations as speakers for airfare and per diem

Most of the time, even non-travel eligible member economies government officials are subject to budgetary constraints as such, withdrawal of commitment from the project is unavoidable. PO will seek for CTI’s approval in case of non-member participants/speakers attending the Dialogue.

Waiver is sought to invite 8 speakers to the Workshop

PO requests for funding of 8 speakers (2) for both days. In order to make this project a success, the PO strongly believes that experts from public and academic sectors should be invited to share their studies’ outputs and experiences. Their inputs will still be required during the last session that will include discussions of the participating APEC economies on recommendations of the Workshop.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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