Project Title

Strengthening Rural Areas as a Contribution to Food Security in the Asia-Pacific Region 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

PPFS 05 2018 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

PPFS 05 2018 

Project Title

Strengthening Rural Areas as a Contribution to Food Security in the Asia-Pacific Region 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

175,935 

Co-funding Amount

20,000 

Total Project Value

195,935 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) 

Topics

Food Security 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Korea; New Zealand; Peru; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/11/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Jose Luis Romero 

Job Title 1

Advisor on Rural Development 

Organization 1

Bureau of Agricultural Studies and Policies, Ministry of Agriculture 

Postal Address 1

ODEPA, Teatinos 40, Piso 8, Santiago, Chile 

Telephone 1

(56-2) 23973090 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jromero@odepa.gob.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Jose Luis Romero 

Project Summary

In support to APEC Chile 2019 priorities and in line with the Action Plan on Rural-Urban Development agreed in PPFS 2017, Chile is seeking APEC funding to conduct activities allowing to share experiences and best practices on the implementation of rural development policies that are in accordance with the Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth launched at Food Security Ministerial Meeting Piura Peru 2016.

Complementary activities will take place in Chile 2019 and consist in a Conference of international experts, a Panel of economies’ best practices and a Workshop for APEC delegates discussing on a joint APEC document to engage economies to move forward towards the strengthening of rural areas as a contribution to food security.

Participants from APEC economies (policy makers, experts and private sector) will have the opportunity to learn about each other experience and build regional capability to address common challenges.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: The urbanization process and the transformation of agriculture and rural spaces present challenges and opportunities for inclusive growth and poverty eradication; economic, environmental and social sustainability; and food security and nutrition. Urban growth, together with economic inequality and urban-rural disbalance mean that food insecurity and poverty in cities will also become an increasing concern, alongside poverty in rural areas. According to experts, rural regions have a considerable potential and will play a key role in the XXI century [1], especially to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG 2) and worldwide food security. However, there are still big challenges to face in this area, challenges that are common among APEC economies such as the need to promote the development of new energy sources considering climate change; to foster innovation in food production given the growing world population, to encourage the sustainable development of agriculture ensuring the availability of natural resources for future generations; and also how to better link rural areas to urban markets, among others. The different strategies for rural development bring a lot of benefits to all the economies, and it promotes the rural-urban interdependence which is fundamental for the growing of sustainable economies. 

Within the region, not all areas are moving at the same speed to face and adapt to this new context. Considering the wide range of policies that are in place across APEC region to face these challenges, this initiative aims at reinforcing cooperation between APEC economies, through sharing concrete experiences and best practices on the implementation of rural development policies that are addressing these challenges in an effective manner.  Working on the different components of rural-urban development as agreed in the APEC Strategic Framework Rural-Urban Development to strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth (Inclusive economic development, Sustainable natural resource management, Social development and Administrative Efficiency) will allow APEC economies to exchange valuable findings on key aspects and to enhance their engagement towards this common goal. 

Relevance – Eligibility: The General Project Account (GPA) is being sought to fund this project. As the project seeks to improve the implementation of rural development policies in accordance to the APEC Strategic Framework Rural-Urban Development to strengthen food security and quality growth, and considering that these rural development policies are integral and consider a wide range of complementary areas, we can assume that this project will contribute to the five GPA funding priorities for 2018, with a major focus on priorities 1) Promoting sustainable, Innovative and Inclusive Growth and 4) Enhancing Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: The Project seeks to improve cooperation between all APEC economies in order to build capacities among policy makers and relevant stakeholders to address common challenges regarding rural development and its contribution to food security. The project will allow to generate capacities, which will be disseminated among APEC members, through the activities that will be carried out in Chile in 2019. The set of activities proposed (Conference of international experts, Panel of economies’ best practices and Workshop for APEC delegates) are complementary and will allow to learn from experts and experiences of other economies, as well as to generate peer discussions, building on domestic and regional lessons learned on rural development and food security issues. The results obtained from this project will be reported in a final document containing all the experiences and recommendations that will be available for all APEC members and widely disseminated.



[1] Rural 3.0 A Framework for Rural Development, Policy Note – OECD, 2018.

Objectives

The project seeks to promote collaboration and knowledge sharing on specific issues related to the development of rural areas in the context of rural-urban linkages and its contribution to food security, with the aim of improving the implementation of existing policies and strengthening APEC economies’ commitment to address this common challenge.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  First of all, this project responds directly to one of the four PNG’s host year priority: “Promoting Sustainable and Inclusive Growth”. 

Second, this project directly responds to the directions set by APEC Leaders these last years, especially in Philippines 2015 Leaders Declaration: We are determined to make efforts to strengthen rural communities through sharing experiences of rural development, with a view to forging comprehensive strategies to eradicate poverty and enhance the welfare of rural communities in the region, Peru 2016 Leaders Declaration: Acknowledging the importance of socio-economic factors underlying food security in rural-urban communities and vulnerable groups, we aim to work towards a comprehensive approach towards rural-urban development. […] we support APEC efforts to explore new integrated approaches building upon the experiences and best practices shared among APEC economies to promoting food security and economic growth that mutually benefit urban and rural areas, including the newly developed Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth in APEC, and Vietnam 2017 Leaders Declaration: We support public-private partnerships on strengthening rural-urban development at the economy and regional levels. We welcome the adoption of the APEC Action Plan on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth. 

Third, this project is completely in line with APEC Ministers on Food Security. From the origin of PPFS, rural development policies have been identified as key issue to contribute to Food Security in APEC region. During the first Ministerial Meeting on Food Security in Niigata Japan 2010, which gave birth to PPFS, Ministers agreed on Shared Goal 1 “Sustainable Development of the Agricultural Sector”, under which they acknowledge that “increasing the availability of sufficient, safe and nutritious food in the APEC region through expanded supply capacity, underpinned by viable rural communities, will be necessary to address a possible supply-demand imbalance for food that may result from future population and income growth”. One of the objectives highlighted under this goal was “Developing rural communities”. Ministers declared that “To achieve these goals, we agreed to share information and best practice to bring about a synergy between rural development and food security”. Four years later, at Ministerial Meeting on Food Security in Beijing 2014, Ministers committed on “strengthening regional cooperation to promote food security” through “protecting and developing significant agricultural heritage and boosting modern agricultural and rural development”. 

They agreed that “APEC should promote rural development policies that enhance the economic, social and cultural wellbeing of communities”. Significant progress in this area occurred during APEC Peru 2016, culminating with the Piura Ministerial Declaration on Food Security where Ministers declared: “Recalling the 2014 and the 2015 Leaders’ Declarations encouragement to further rural development and poverty alleviation, we welcome progress that could contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth as part of our concrete commitment to rural development […] We welcome the establishment of the APEC Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth”. 

Finally, Can Tho Statement at Vietnam 2017 Food Security Week “encourages APEC member economies to further promote innovative, inclusive and resilient rural development, and economic growth, […] welcomes the efforts made by APEC member economies to share best practices and experiences in promoting sustainable rural-urban development [and] endorses the Action Plan on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth”. 

Alignment – Forum: As mentioned above, this project is entirely in line with the Strategic Framework (Peru 2016) and the Action Plan (Vietnam 2017) on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth welcomed by both Leaders and Ministers, under the leadership of PPFS and in coordination with relevant sub-fora, such as ATCWG, HLPDAB, OFWG among others.

This project especially contributes to the key objectives of the Action Plan in a way it increases knowledge, information, and experience-sharing regarding good practices and lessons learned, and enhance capacities of APEC economies to address rural – urban linkages, in order to improve food security and quality growth.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The outputs of the project include: 

1) Conference, Panel and Workshop: The conference includes presentations of international experts, academics, representatives from international organizations and leaders of related non-profit organizations, who will share their experiences regarding rural development and its contribution to food security; specifically, about international principles on rural development, strategies for the improvement on economic opportunities, importance of sustainable production, relevance of the placed based projects, etc. All of this to highlight some key elements of rural development that will be discussed during the workshop on the second day, that includes basic services for rural communities, economic opportunities, environmental sustainability, local culture and governability. 

2)  Related to the panel, this one includes presentations of best practices and practical experiences on the implementation of rural development policies. The presentations will be conducted by policy makers and authorities from different economies with implemented rural promotion policies. The panel contemplates the discussion of 4 experiences in half a day. The main objective is to identify key aspects on the implementation of this policies, related with the principal themes that must be involved in rural policies and how the policies are developed in all the administration levels. Some possible and interesting practices are the policies developed at Italy, Finland, Canada and Slovenia. All of this in order to support APEC economies through their experiences.

Finally, the workshop will consist on dividing the participants in working groups, each group will discuss about topics presented in the conference. Each group will be composed with a variety of economies and persons, involving academics, experts, civil representatives, etc. The participants will be encouraged to share their experiences in rural development as a contribution to food security in their economies and to discuss about the information presented in the first day (conference and panel). The objective is to identify which common strategies and policies might be agreed to address the challenges of rural development across APEC region. 

3)  Report: this proposal will develop a final report including all the work done during the workshop, focused on the key aspects agreed between participants and the main conclusions gathered at the workshop. This report is expected to be a supporting tool for decision makers in order to improve public policies aimed to rural development, as a complement of the Strategic Framework (Peru 2016) and the Action Plan (Vietnam 2017) on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth. This report is going to be a digital publication, and it contents should be no longer than 5 pages, that will contain a guideline for rural policies and their implementation. It will be published on the APEC website, and on the website of the Bureau of Agricultural Studies and Policies. 

Outcomes: This project is expected to give valuable information to generate new policies or improve current policies on rural development. This information will be based in the main conclusions of the project, developed specially during the workshop, and will be distributed to APEC economies, providing valuable inputs to strength the rural areas as a contribution to the food security. The final objective of these activities is improving food security in the APEC economies. In addition, it is also expected that the results generated by the activities (conference, panel and workshop) will be useful for future research, especially those funded by public agencies. 

Specifically, the project contributes to strengthening the capacities in: 

1)  Economic opportunities at the rural territory: To strengthen the rural territory and food security, promote the development of economic activities by rural population is a key element to ensure regular incomes. Rural-urban linkages should be considered in this analysis to compare the economic opportunities between both. The conference with experts will bring strategies for the economic development and will help to identify the opportunity network that exists on each territory, promoting sustainable, innovative and inclusive growth. 

2)  Environmental sustainability: Preserving the environment is fundamental for enhancing food security and sustainable agriculture, and this will be one of the subjects addressed by one of the experts. Chile has conducted other projects related with this topic, especially in irrigation. The conference will give examples of sustainable production and good practices on the agricultural development. 

3)  Culture and rural identity: Each rural territory has its own identity and it is fundamental to preserve and promote their own culture. The experiences of other economies in this issue, will allow to identify key aspects to include and promote territorial identity in the implementation of rural policies. It is fundamental to hear the experiences from the other economies, about how do they involve each rural community, and their unique lifestyle. 

4)  Institutional Framework: The know-how on the implementation of rural policies is one of the most important outcomes of this project. Innovative ideas and key aspects for the rural territory, are already diagnosed, but the key for success depends on how it is developed and implemented in each territory. The panel of practical experiences will bring valuable information to economies in this aspect.

Beneficiaries: The main beneficiaries of this project will be the APEC rural population and public institutions related to rural development. The knowledge shared during the workshop, will help the economies to improve rural policies on their territories, bringing a better life quality, and increasing the opportunities of the rural population. 

The participants will mainly be government representatives (authorities and policy makers) from those ministries and department related to the rural development, which usually are the agriculture ministry, economic ministry, and social development ministry; also international organizations related with food security and the life quality improvement, like OECD and FAO; and academic experts, from Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Austral University, Frontier University, for example, with experience and studies related to the rural development and the sustainable development; as well as representatives of the private sector, and leaders of related organizations, all of them related with the rural population, by generating work sources or important impacts in the territory. Based on the results of the workshop discussions, a technical report will be widely disseminated among APEC economies. 

1)  Project Group Members

a)  Representatives from APEC economies. We are expecting 40 total participants, where 20 of them are representatives from each travel-eligible economy, and the other participants belong to the host economy, and to other APEC economies interested on participating. They are all expected to participate during both days of project.

b) Authorities, decision makers, and representatives from public institutions. It is expected to have representatives from related sectors, considering the wide range of agencies involved and related with rural development i.e. health, social development, public works, education, agriculture, among others.

c)  Experts and representatives from universities and investigation centers. They are going to participate during the conference, sharing their knowledge and then participating during the workshop. 

2) Project Products Users

a) Representatives of public agencies and policy makers. Among all the economies they will be able to use this document, as a support for developing and improving rural policies.

b) Researchers. This will give to interested academics, different topics related to the rural development, so they can generate future publications.

Dissemination

The main output of the project will be the report, which will be elaborated with the most relevant conclusions and key aspects of rural development and its contribution to food security, after the presentations of the conference and panel, and the discussion in the workshop. 

The report is going to be a digital publication that is going to be send to all the assistants and delegates of APEC economies, with the aim to reach policy makers and influencers of the rural territory. The digital document will be published on the APEC Publication website and will adhere to all APEC Publication Guidelines, and also it will be published on the website of the Bureau of Agricultural Studies and Policies of the Ministry of Agriculture of Chile, in order to reach most people interested or involved with the subject.

Also the material and presentations shown during the different activities, will be published after on the Bureau website, so everyone will have access to them.

Gender

Rural women have historically played a fundamental role in agriculture, especially for the achievement of food security. They have developed harvesting activities, industrial processes, and have been in charge of the purchase and distribution of food for their families. They are a fundamental piece at the rural territory, and they have to be considered at all the levels in the rural development, from the achievement of food security to the promotion of local culture and identity. 

During all the phases of this project, it is going to be ensure the gender equality, by having the same opportunities for participation and collaboration, and we are going to give priority for women speakers at the conference and panel. The participation of women will be highly encouraged to attend the conference and panel, and to have an active role during the workshop. We are expecting to have 50% of women participation as speakers/experts at the conference and panel, and an audience between the 40% and 60% of women. 

The principal objective of this project is to strengthen the rural areas, that action involves a better future for rural women, we are expecting that the final report will include guides for improving the access to capital and markets for the women, and also to learn new skills. 

Finally, PO is committed to collect sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants, at the project event.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

January 2019

Contact international experts

Invitation letter


January 2019

Start hiring process

Contract

January 2019

Contract signature

Contract

May 2019

Invitation to PPFS members to nominate speakers

Invitation letter

May 2019

Invitation to PPFS members to nominate delegates

Invitation letter

August 2019

Half day conference.

Half day panel.

One day workshop

Conference

Panel

Preliminary Report

1.     October 2019

1.  Final report: with all the information collected, results and conclusions.

Final Report

2.     October 2019

2.  Evaluation, based on surveys makes during and after the project.

Final Report

 December 2019

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the completion report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

June 2020

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat.

Long Term Evaluation

Risks

Some risks we can experience are:

1) Getting low attendance from other economies, considering the distance to Chile and the high costs of transportation. We are managing this risk, encouraging all the economies to participate, buy putting the rural development subject on the table. Also we are going to start contacting the interest public with anticipation, and develop an interesting communication program to sensitize with the rural development and it importance for assuring food security. 

2) Low compromise from the economies to work deeply on rural development policies. If we develop an interesting project, based on previous agreements captured in PPFS previously endorsed documents and declarations, we will be able to encourage the economies on this area.

3)  Not getting the various public we are expecting. The invitations will be send with anticipation, so we could be prepared for searching new participants. We are creating a backup list to be used in case of needed. 

4) Not having the desired number of funded participants: We have been working on the rural subject specifically, by contacting different economies and by putting the subject on the table in Chile. We are going to spare our ideas and work to the other economies, developing a relationship with delegates, giving them information and helping them to plan their assistance. 

5) Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project: we are gathering experts and participants from different economies. The workshop will encourage delegates to participate actively, in order to involve them, and that the recommendations reflect the realities of most economies. We are expecting that most of the issues discussed in the workshop, will actually involve a lot of economies reality, so they are not building advices and recommendations on issues that are not relevant to the economies. Also, we are giving the participants an e-mail address where they are going to be able to ask all their doubts and questions related to the recommendations built during the project.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The activities performed by this project will be evaluated following these points: 

1) Number of economies attending the activities (conference + panel + workshop): at least 14 economies.

2) The number of internet downloads of the report publication.

3) Level of satisfaction of the participants (at least 70% of satisfaction). A survey will be distributed through emails to each participant to measure the level of satisfaction and impact achieved through the project.

A brief survey about rural development, that will be apply at the beginning, and at the end, so we could compare and identify increase of knowledge.

Linkages

This project is entirely in line with the Strategic Framework (Peru 2016) and the Action Plan (Vietnam 2017) on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth welcomed by both Leaders and Ministers, under the leadership of PPFS and in coordination with relevant sub-fora, such as ATCWG, HLPDAB, OFWG among others. Cross fora collaboration will be an asset for the success of this project, mainly with ATCWG, HLPDAB and OFWG, as rural development policies cross-cut all these fora’s centers of interest. It is also expected that this project builds upon OECD Rural Policy 3.0. Finally, it is worth noting that this project also contributes to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (specifically SDGs 1, 2, 10 and 17).

Sustainability

Participants from different APEC economies, and persons from the public and private sector will attend to the different activities proposed (conference, panel and workshop). The workshop will allow to have an open discussion about rural development, the report will summarize the most important issues agreed by attendants and will be shared in every economy. 

It is expected that the activities and the discussion will promote meetings with authorities and researchers working in the area of rural development and strengthen the cooperation network as a way to improve public policies on rural development. 

Also, we are expecting to install a topic in the public opinion and raise public awareness, about the importance of rural development. 

After the project completion, a survey will be distributed to all the assistants, and then the same survey will be send two years after the seminar, measuring the progress and the impact the project caused at the economies.

Project Overseers

Name: José Luis Romero Valderrama
Title: Advisor on Rural Development
Organization:  Bureau of Agricultural Studies and Policies, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Chile
Tel: (56) 2 23973090
E-Mail: jromero@odepa.gob.cl, CC: jmontero@odepa.gob.cl

José Luis Romero Valderrama, is an agricultural engineer from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. His expertise areas include the implementation of the rural development national policy, starting at the diagnosis and ending with the correct governance of the instrument.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

On the contractor we are considering 1.200 hours of work, for 2 persons, that means 6 months half time or 3 months full time. This work is including the preparation of the event, and the elaboration of the report and indicators measures after the event.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

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Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

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PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

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Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

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