Project Title

Enhancing Women's Empowerment in Energy Field: Mapping Energy Policies with Gender Perspective 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

EWG 18 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 18 2018A 

Project Title

Enhancing Women's Empowerment in Energy Field: Mapping Energy Policies with Gender Perspective 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Women and the Economy 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

50,000 

Co-funding Amount

50,000 

Total Project Value

100,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chinese Taipei 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; Japan; Singapore; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2019 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Weng Su-Chen 

Job Title 1

Director 

Organization 1

Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs 

Postal Address 1

13th Floor, No. 2, Fuxing N. Rd, Zhongshan istrict, Taipei City 

Telephone 1

(886-2) 27757710 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

scweng@moeaboe.gov.tw 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Weng Su-Chen 

Project Summary

Under the framework of ambitious energy intensity reduction and renewable energy doubling goals committed by APEC leaders, many policies that are targeted at enhancing human resource and technology are enacted to accelerate capacity building, among which the relationship between energy issues and women’s development remain as untapped potential.

In line with APEC’s goal to enhance women’s economic participation, this project, by identifying affecting factors, barriers and accelerators, aims to conducts study on how to enhance women’s empowerment from energy policy planning. Topics may cover existing energy issues with gender perspective, such as the impact of electricity market liberalization on women, or women’s role in energy market. Women’s participation in energy sector, including education and employment will also be covered. An international workshop seeking cross-fora dialogue between energy and gender expertise will be held under this project with the expectation of delivering new implication and insight for regional energy policy.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: APEC leaders have made important commitments to green energy development, including doubling renewable energy in the regional energy mix by the year 2030, as compared to the level in 2010, and reducing aggregate energy intensity in the region by 45% by the year 2035, over the level in 2005. APEC leaders have also committed to enhance women’s economic empowerment, improve women’s access to capital, assets and markets, increase women’s participation in high-growth and high-wage sectors, and promote women’s leadership, entrepreneurship, skills and competencies. 

Although energy and gender are incorporated in the sustainable agenda of APEC, synergy among these two sectors are seldom sought. Energy policies that may significantly affect women are usually not examined or planned from gender perspective, for example, improving energy access can relieve women from burden of household chores, especially for those in less developed and remote areas where energy infrastructure are luxuries; also, women’s engagement and development in the fast-growing energy sector are not given sufficient attention, despite the fact that women can play significant role as both energy consumers and producers, especially in terms of green energy. 

Given the lack of dialogue between energy and gender sector and huge potential the dialogue can generate, this project expects to deliver new implication and insight for regional energy policy through an international workshop seeking cross-fora dialogue between energy and gender expertise, which will identify affecting factors, barriers and accelerators to enhance women’s empowerment from the perspective of energy policy planning. As energy sector is growing robustly in which tremendous economic potentials remain to be developed in the APEC region, this project and cross-fora dialogue will benefit the APEC community’s path to sustainability as a whole. 

Relevance – Eligibility: This project directly follows criteria 4: Improve the enabling environment for trade and investment and economic participation for women by focusing on PPWE’s five pillars impacting women’s economic participation. This project also closely follows criteria 5: Include women and women’s perspectives in their design, implementation and evaluation, while it will be designed, implemented and evaluated from gender perspective in the agenda design of the workshop, as well as the content of policy recommendation paper. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will serve as one of the few platforms of cross-fora dialogue between energy and gender expertise where opinions and actions on how energy sector can improve its inclusion of women’s participation can be gathered and developed, and synergy between these two sectors can be further sought. The policy areas where energy and gender sector can work together on that are identified by this project can be further pursued by either individual economy or regional efforts. The workshop will benefit policy makers on recognizing gender perspective in different energy issues and propose concrete suggestions from aspects of institutionalized reform, system improvement, human resource development and international cooperation.

Objectives

1) To create a platform where stakeholders from public and private sectors from both energy and gender background can exchange expertise to identify potential areas that energy policies can be improved with refined gender perspective;

2) To increase knowledge in women’s participation potential in each sub sector within energy field; and

3) To seek dialogues and collaboration between EWG and PPWE on women’s empowerment in energy field for greater synergy among APEC on this issue.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project is in alignment with APEC Leaders’ commitments to: 

1) Acknowledging that greater economic participation by women spurs economic growth, we encourage economies and the private sector to implement initiatives that enhance women’s economic empowerment, improve women’s access to capital, assets and markets, increase women’s participation in high-growth and high-wage sectors, and promote women’s leadership, entrepreneurship, skills and competencies. (2017) 

2)  Given that full and productive employment for all population groups is essential for human development in the region, we also recognize that the economic empowerment of women, youth and persons with disabilities should be a priority under the APEC agenda for enhancing quality growth and human development. (2016) 

3) We recognize women’s vital contribution to economic and social development and we commit to strengthen our efforts to support the mainstreaming of gender equality and women’s empowerment across APEC’s work, to ensure that women enjoy equal access to quality education and economic resources. We welcome efforts to support women’s entrepreneurship, grow women-led SMEs, enhance women’s digital literacy, promote women's career development, strengthen women and girls' access to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education and careers and address health-related barriers to women’s economic participation. (2016) 

4) We recognize the significance of enabling the full participation of all sectors and segments of our society, especially women, youth, people with disabilities, indigenous peoples, low-income groups, and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), to achieving inclusive growth. We underscore the importance of empowering them with the ability to contribute to and benefit from future growth. (2015) 

This project is also in alignment with APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting commitments to:

1)  We recognize that providing reliable, affordable and secure supplies of energy to remote communities will drive income generation and simultaneously encourage economic growth, sustainable environmental outcomes and new opportunities, such as eco-tourism for our people including women. (2015) 

2) In keeping with APEC’s goal of inclusive growth, the development of community-based clean energy strategies paves the way towards income generating activities that benefit the marginalized and indigenous communities as well as expand participation of women. We envisage the APEC region to be the home of well-integrated power systems as well as a global model for satellite community-based micro independent grids that promote sustainable and inclusive growth as well as offer equal and gender-fair employment opportunities. (2015) 

Alignment – Forum: This project coincides with EWG’s increasing focus in working with relevant multilateral fora and organizations on cross-cutting energy issues. Specifically, this project supports the goals and missions of both the PPWE and EWG with a blended learning approach. 

This project is in alignment with PPWE’ plan to:

1)  The PPWE will conduct multiple consultations, workshops, skills building training sessions and activities jointly with other APEC fora to supplement and strengthen women’s ability to fully participate in the economy. (PPWE Strategic Plan 2015-2018) 

2) The PPWE will work in collaboration with APEC fora, ABAC, the private sector and other key stakeholders to identify and pursue best practices, policies, programs, and structural and other reforms to increase women’s economic empowerment, particularly for women in the informal economy. (PPWE Strategic Plan 2015-2018) 

This project is also in alignment with EWG’ plan to:

1) In 2018, the EWG will expand its collaboration to include …the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation on new energy technology, and the Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy to integrate gender in the energy fora. (Energy Working Group’s Workplan for 2018) 

2) The EWG’s mission includes building the capacity of APEC economies to strengthen domestic and regional energy security and lower the carbon intensity of energy supply and use across the region, facilitated by information and data exchanges, joint research and development, and open trade and investment. Through workshops, seminars, exchanging views, developing best practice guides and manuals, demonstrations, peer reviews, research, data collection and analysis, and dissemination of information, the EWG works to develop the human resource base and energy consumers within APEC Member Economies to improve their analytical, technical, operational, and policy capacity in the area of renewable energy, energy efficiency and overall energy literacy, including full engagement of women in green development, as well as capacity building to train economies to assess their future energy outlook with the use of proper models to serve their policy makers. (Energy Working Group’s Workplan for 2018)

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The output of this project will include:

1)  Workshop: A two-day workshop will be held in late 2019. Experts from APEC and relevant international organizations will be invited to share diverse expertise on interconnection between energy and gender issue from global and regional level, in terms of policy making and market development. Delegates from member economies will also be encouraged to exchange their views on related barriers and potential solutions of how gender factors can be better incorporated in shaping and implementing energy policies. The project will conduct a study on how to enhance women’s empowerment from energy policy planning by literature review of international organizations on gender related issue, and the result will be reflected in the workshop agenda design and policy recommendation paper. A draft agenda or the workshop shown below. The discussion topics of the workshop will cover the gender related issue on the fields of energy access, fossil fuel subsidy reform, renewable energy, energy efficiency and electricity liberalization. Private sector will be invited to attend the workshop and provide their perspective, especially on the renewable energy and energy efficiency aspects Private sector is expected to share the gender differences and impacts involved in the renewable energy and energy efficiency markets, such as the acceptance and participation of men and women in renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, and the corresponding marketing segmentation strategies. An APEC project evaluation survey will be delivered to the participants of the workshop to accurately measure if one of the project’s objectives-increase knowledge is achieved.

Day1

Day2

09:00-12:00

International Organization Sharing on Energy Policy with Gender Perspective

Green Energy Development with Gender  Perspective

13:30-17:00

Women’s Empowerment in Traditional Energy Field

Impact of Electricity Liberalization on Women Roundtable Discussion

2)  Policy Recommendation Paper: The Workshop will be finalized with a roundtable discussion through which a policy recommendation paper will be generated as the conclusion and be reported to EWG members in EWG58 meeting, as well as to be shared with PPWE. The discussion which lead to the recommendation paper will includes four aspects: institutionalized reform, system improvement, human resource development and international cooperation. The stakeholders and target audience will come from both public and private sectors including APEC or non-APEC fora, policy makers, energy and gender related organization, and energy industries. The policy recommendation paper is expected to have two pages and will be included in the project report.

3)  Project Report: A project report will include meeting materials and member economies’ feedback to the workshop, as well as analysis of regional energy policies related to women’s engagement and empowerment. The project report is expected to have 20 pages.

Outcomes: In the medium-term, the outcomes are expected to achieve the following:

1)  This project will enhance member economies’ capacity by conducting a study on women’s participation potentials in energy field. The study results will be reflected in the workshop agenda design and discussion topics selection. It can be helpful for member economies in designing suitable policy framework and mechanisms, based on the lessons learnt from their peers.

2)  The policy recommendation paper based on knowledge exchange and best practices shared in the workshop will provide guidance for APEC economies, research centers, and sub-fora of EWG to further identify potential gaps in accelerating women’s engagement and empowerment in energy field, including enhanced partnership further cooperation with related APEC fora.

3)  The project will provide basis for future joint work on cross-fora knowledge, data, and experiences exchange sharing and partnership with international organizations and non-APEC experts in terms of women’s empowerment in energy field.

Beneficiaries:  As a platform for energy and gender exchange, this project will benefit experts both from energy and gender sectors in the APEC region, especially policy makers and institutions that design and implement energy policy. Essentials stakeholders such as research institutes and NGOs may also benefit from discussion and knowledge dissemination within this project. 

To be more specifically, policy makers will have a better understanding of promotional framework as well as supporting mechanism that are suitable for facilitating women’s engagement and empowerment in energy field. For energy industries and business, it will help them improve workforce portfolio and business decision by introducing women’s talent and influence in the energy field. 

Through this project, the participants from APEC or non-APEC fora will be able to explore opportunities for further cooperation with integrated efforts and resources on facilitating women’s participation in energy field. This project will also assist APEC member economies in formulating the policy framework, designing suitable incentives, and seeking the opportunities of building further partnership based on the expert network provided by this project.

Dissemination

1) The project report including  the policy recommendation paper is expected to be published on APEC website.The policy recommendation paper will be shared with APEC members in EWG 58 meeting scheduled in the late 2019 as well as with PPWE. The whole project report is planned to be submitted by the end of 2019.

2)  The target audience, as mentioned above, will come from both public and private sectors including APEC or non-APEC fora, policy makers, energy and gender related organization, and energy industries. Essential stakeholders such as various types of research institutes, NGOs, or entities from non-APEC economies may also be included within this project.

3) For wider dissemination, the policy recommendation paper will be distributed to EWG observers like IEA and WEC for their internal reference.

Gender

This project’s main goal is to identify accelerators and remove barriers for women’s participation in energy field. Women’s voice and presence in the workshop will be highly valued and welcome. Meanwhile, five out of five Gender Criteria are met, namely: Access to Capital and Assets; Access to Markets; Skills, Capacity Building, and Health; Leadership, Voice and Agency; and Innovation and Technology. It will also conduct a statistical analysis of gender participation, and compile assessment and self-review from APEC Workshop Evaluation Survey in the project report. 

This project will benefit women by fully exploring their roles and potentials of development in the fast-growing energy sector. For example, in terms of energy poverty which still poses great challenges in some APEC developing economies where energy access is limited to general public and energy sources relies heavily on women’s efforts to obtain traditional biomass, policies and strategies to combat energy poverty will not only benefit energy sector but relief women’s potentials from household chores. 

This project commits to achieving critical mass of 30% of underrepresented gender as both speaker/experts and participants.

Work Plan

Timeline

Key Activities

Outputs

Jan - Mar 2019

Organize secretariat

Analyse issues and compose meeting agenda

Conduct a study (Adopting literature review research)

ž Secretariat team

žDraft agenda and list of participants

Apr - Jun 2019

Invite experts from energy and gender sectors as speakers

Call for participants

ž Arrangement of Workshop

ž Promotion materials

ž Cross-fora discussion with PPWE

Jul 2019

Draft policy recommendation paper

ž Policy recommendation paper (1st Edition)

15-16 Aug 2019

(TBD)

Host the Workshop

Discuss and revise the policy recommendation paper (1st Edition)

ž Workshop

ž Policy recommendation paper (2nd Edition)

Sep 2019

Circulate the policy recommendation paper (2nd Edition) for speakers and participants’ comments

ž  

Oct 2019

Finalize the policy recommendation paper

ž Policy recommendation paper (Final Edition)

Nov 2019

Present the policy recommendation paper

Members’ endorsement on the policy recommendation paper 

Draft the project report

ž Endorsed policy recommendation paper

Dec 2019

Finalize the project report.

ž Request for PPWE and EWG’s review and feedback

žProject report to EWG for endorsement

ž Project report to be distributed within EWG , PPWE and APEC Secretariat

žSeek feedback on further action

Jan – Feb 2020

Finalize the completion report

žCompletion report  to be submitted to APEC Secretariatž  

Jan - Dec 2020

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects

ž Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects

Risks

1) Lower rate of participation from members, especially from developing economies: The rate of participation may turn out to be low if issues addressed in this workshop do not correspond to the needs and interests of member economies, the specific targeting of participants is not achieved (targeting the wrong agencies or departments), late planning of the event or because of budgetary limits of individual economy. To manage the risk, this project will incorporate members’ advice and opinions on the agenda, clear specification of desired participants, early preparation (including nomination and invitation) and direct contact each travel-eligible economies’ delegate on financing their trip.

2) Confusing theme: This project aims to explore the concept and approaches to incorporate gender perspective in energy field. The concept of interconnection between energy and gender may be novel to some specific energy topics, therefore, to manage the risk, this project will carefully design the theme for each session in the workshop and ensure full communication with expert speakers.

3) Consideration of multicultural Issue: The project topic is highly related to gender issue, which is a social sensitive topic to some member economies. Therefore, multicultural issue will be considered to ensure the policy recommendation paper considers the many involved economies and delivers constructive recommendation to policy makers for effective changes in the energy sector.

4) Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendation from the project: The reason for non-application of project knowledge or materials may be the lack of clear guidance how best practices can be applied. The project will closely communicate with expert groups within APEC Energy Working Group to understand the implementation of gender issue. Meanwhile, this project will also follow up with the gender differences in participation rate of other projects.

Monitoring and Evaluation

This project will set checkpoints for each measure adopted:

·  Feedback form and emails: This project will develop a feedback form distributed to all participants. All opinions obtained will be integrated into the project report of this project.

·  Analysis on participants: This Project will construct an analysis on participants with several elements, e.g., economy, sector, type of stakeholder, gender... etc. This analysis will be presented as a statistical table.

·  Policy recommendation paper: A policy recommendation paper will be reported to PPWE and EWG as a recommendation for future action.

·  Project report and contact list of experts: A project report including research analysis and follow-up recommendation for cooperation to enhance women’s participation in energy field in the region will be submitted with contact list of experts. This project will build up an expert network via the contact list of the workshop, and the experts will be categorized by issues to evaluate the width this project covers.

·  APEC project evaluation survey: An APEC project evaluation survey will be delivered to the participants of the workshop to accurately measure if one of the project’s objectives-increase knowledge is achieved.

.  This project will conduct precise indicators with clear target to accurate measure success of this project, such as 11 participating economies, 100 participants, 30% female participants and speakers, 10 best practices discussed, 10 policy recommendations produced, etc.

Linkages

This project will seek to cooperate with potential stakeholders who also engage in similar capacity building activities, such as:

1)  APEC: PPWE, ABAC, SMEWG.

2)  Non-APEC: International or regional forums, e.g., International Energy Agency(IEA), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Global Women’s Network for the Energy Transition (GWNET), Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA)

The Project Overseer will ensure close and practical cross-fora collaboration with APEC fora with common interests. In the preparation stage, this project has reviewed related projects implemented within PPWE, EWG and other APEC fora. Most of the related projects have fruitful outputs in policy review, broad dialogues, and issue mapping in terms of women’s economic empowerment; yet, women’s engagement and empowerment in energy field is rarely paid attention. Building on the efforts of previous APEC projects, this project will have the advantages of adopting methodologies that have been developed by previous APEC projects to examine gender-related policies in energy field. 

Currently, APEC is the one of the most diverse regimes for regional and international cooperation. In terms of energy, APEC is comprised of largest energy exporting economies and importing economies, as well as most advanced economies in terms of green energy technology and most needed economies in terms of energy transition. In terms of gender, APEC is the most dynamic region where women are contributing significantly in the fast-growing economy. Therefore, APEC will be the best sources for funding this project to address the common interest and challenges shared in this region.

Sustainability

1)  This project will create the opportunities for APEC and non-APEC fora to build further partnership on gender and energy field. It may urge further cooperation on in-depth efforts on data collection, case studies, capacity building programs and further research.

2)  The conclusion and suggestions will be drafted by the conference secretariat base on the opinions of experts from the workshop, and be discussed in the roundtable session. After the workshop, a policy recommendation paper will be compiled by the conclusion and suggestions  and be disseminated in both EWG and PPWE, and will be encouraged to be further used as a means for future actions to build up the respective mechanism and framework under their responsibilities. We expect that the expert groups under EWG can have further discussion on the related issues by their professional field, and we will track the discussion results with expert groups.

3)  We would encourage feedbacks from the experts and participants of the workshop, as well as economy representatives in PPWE and EWG on progress in women’s empowerment in energy field in their home economies.

4)  It will be encouraged that a cooperative network would be formed among the participants to enable future exchange of information and development of the work.

5)  We will conduct a survey to know implementation situation of the recommendations by member economies in six month later after the completion of project, and present the results in the EWG meeting.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Ms. Su-Chen Weng, the Director of Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei. Ms. Weng is an senior energy official. She has been the Engineer for Chemicals and Methodology, Taoyuan Oil Refinery, CPC Corporation, and also served as Secretary-General of Chinese Association for Energy Economics. She has expertise in the areas of plan and assess the energy saving and carbon reduction strategies for each sector, dissemination and promotion for the energy saving strategies and measures, project management for the programs related to energy technology development and feasibility assessment for the construction of refinery and the design for refinery. The main point of contact responsible for this project is Ms. Janet Song, assistant research fellow of Taiwan Institute of Economic Research.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

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