Project Title

Leveraging Digital Technology to Improve Education Quality in Rural and Remote Areas 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

EC 07 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EC 07 2018A 

Project Title

Leveraging Digital Technology to Improve Education Quality in Rural and Remote Areas 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Renewed APEC Agenda on Structural Reform (RAASR) 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

85,000 

Co-funding Amount

20,000 

Total Project Value

105,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Economic Committee (EC) 

Topics

Structural Reform 

Committee

Economic Committee (EC) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Indonesia 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Papua New Guinea; Russia; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2018 

Expected Completion Date

28/03/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Irfan Permadi 

Job Title 1

Head, APEC Section 

Organization 1

Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia 

Postal Address 1

Geduing AA Maramis II It. 4, Jl Lapandan banteng Timur No 2-4, Jakarta 10710, Indonesia 

Telephone 1

(62-21) 3521974 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

irfan.permadi@ekon.go.id 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Irfan Permadi 

Project Summary

Education in rural and remote areas is important to ensure quality growth and to improve the region’s competitiveness. Some APEC economies are facing challenges in maintaining adequate level of teachers’ attendance and developing the infrastructure in rural and remote areas, thus digital technology may assist the problem. A two-day workshop in Bali, Indonesia will provide opportunities for academia, school foundations, international organizations, communities, private sectors and policy makers to share the experiences and lessons-learned and provide evidence-based policy recommendations to leverage digital technology to improve the education quality in rural and remote areas. 

This project will aim to provide evidence-based policy recommendations for APEC in addressing challenges and how digital technology can improve education quality in rural and remote areas. 

The project is in line with APEC Framework on Human Resources in the Digital Age and promote the second pillar of the Renewed APEC Agenda on Structural Reform (RAASR).

Relevance

Relevance - Region: For several years, APEC has been addressing quality growth in the region, whereby the key word is ‘inclusive’. One of the challenges for inclusive growth is to ensure that every person should have equal opportunity in the economy and social aspects. In that relation, human capital development is of paramount importance in achieving sustainable quality growth. 

The high level of teacher absenteeism and lack of education infrastructure are obstacles to improving education service delivery and outcomes particularly in rural and remote areas. Various studies correlate teachers’ absenteeism with student absence, drop-out rates, and poor learning outcomes yielding to rural areas to continue significantly lag behind urban areas in many development aspects. Thus, one of the way is the education service delivery may be improved in line towards a better education quality. 

The rapid development of digital technology triggers may help the government to evaluate the education service delivery. Some efforts related to digital technology has been done to assist the problems. However, the education technology only limited to the higher level of education, for example online course (or degree), open university, and long-distance class. On the other hand, the primary (age 5-12) and mid-level (age 12-15) students still depend on the teachers, books, school buildings, especially those who live in remote areas. 

When we are discussing about education in rural and remote areas, we should discuss comprehensively in a holistic manner covering primary and mid-level education. Studies has proven that education in primary and mid-level hold a great role on children growth.  Nowadays, the utilization of digital technology has spread, including in remote and rural areas. The current is more people have more access to gadgets, internet, and software, including the youth and children. Thus, it is timely to leverage digital technology to improve education, especially the primary and mid-level education. 

By leveraging the digital technology, student in the remote areas do not have to rely on face-to-face teacher and physical books, yet they can enjoy their curriculum through internet. This digital technology should be maximized to improve the education of student in the remote areas. Better education systems may result in better job opportunities in the future. Human resources should be prepared well by proper education, even though they are located in rural and remote areas. To be more well-prepared, it is better to prepare even the younger level of students. 

Providing good education quality in rural and remote areas involves wide stakeholders including academics, empowering the community and policy makers to do the good regulatory practices to ensure the planning, practices, and evaluation fit the domestic’s needs. Thus, structural reform on education policies is one of the key factors on whether the education services in rural and remote areas will meet its objective. Education policies may be customized to adapt to technology-based education as part of supplementary towards the primary education. As for the APEC region, sharing best practices among economies may provide sustainable knowledge to leverage the education quality in rural and remote areas. 

Relevance – Eligibility: This project aims to achieve quality growth and to improve APEC’s economic competitiveness as reflected in pillar one of RAASR, especially in the digital era. It will also support the APEC 2018 theme of “Harnessing Inclusive Opportunities, Embracing the Digital Future” as the workshop is expected to look forward on how digital technology can provide solutions on education quality.

This initiative will also support inclusive growth in Asia Pacific and enhance its competitiveness by leveraging digital technology to improve education quality in the digital era. It is in line with the Renewed APEC Agenda on Structural Reform (RAASR), which aims for leveling of people’s opportunity in the economy.

Also, the project is directly linked to Indonesia’s RAASR Individual Action Plan (IAP) priority 2, action A to “increase access to basic education ". The intention is the overall improvement, not only to increase number of children enrolling basic education but also to improve the quality of education, particularly in rural areas.

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project aims for sharing best practices among APEC economies, especially on how to leverage and utilitize the digital technology to improve education quality growth in remote areas. APEC economies are also expected to have collaborative actions to overcome the challenges identified in the project, and how technology may assist the education problems. All APEC economies will be benefited during the project implementation, as the project will discuss the challenges, opportunities, evaluations, and recommendations on leveraging digital technology to improve education quality in remote areas.

Objectives

1)  Develop APEC recommendation on leveraging digital technology to improve education quality in rural and remote areas in digital era for the purpose to boosting economic competitiveness;

2)  Increase and deepen knowledge about how best to educating people in rural and remote areas, to encourage APEC economies in cooperating to establish the right policy; and

3)  Create common understanding on the challenges in providing good education quality in rural and remote areas and the correlation with well-structured policy reform.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  Recalling the 2017 Leaders’ Statement on “We underscore that structural reform, including competition policy, ease of doing business, regulatory reform, strengthening economic and legal infrastructure, corporate and public sector’s governance, and promoting human capital development, is key to balanced, sustainable, innovative and inclusive growth, job creation, productivity and competitiveness.” 

It is in line with the “APEC Agenda on Advancing Economic, Financial and Social Inclusion in the APEC Regional” agreed by the Leaders in 2017. Also, other initiatives included such as APEC Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth, APEC Framework on Human Resources Development in Digital Age, and RAASR pillars. 

Alignment – Forum: This project supports the RAASR IAP plans for Indonesia and APEC Economies on improving competitiveness. As of 2017, Indonesia has implemented the Indonesia Smart Card Program to encourage school-age children to pursue basic education.  Thus, the project will give broader view on challenges faced on providing quality of education in rural and remote areas, and on how the lessons-learned may be shared among APEC members. 

This project is aligned with the EC’s initiative to promote inclusive growth in structural reform by providing policy recommendations on how digital technology can improve quality of education in rural and remote areas. This project also follows the Human Resources and Development Working Group (HRDWG)’s agenda on improving quality growth, with one of the work plan is through education and online learning.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The project expected to deliver output as follows: 

1)  Two-day workshop to be conducted in Bali, Indonesia by the end of January 2019. The workshop targets the teachers, academics, lecturers, education start-ups, policy makers (preferably works in education and/or school), private sectors, education observers, and all APEC economies. The discussions will focus on sharing knowledge about the ways of digital technology may improve the education quality, sharing best practices and experiences among education start-ups in Asia Pacific region, and how APEC may address the utilization of digital technology to improve education quality as one of the solutions. The workshop is expected to get the knowledge about the discussion topics mentioned above. 

First day workshop will be divided by 3 sessions which subsequently discuss about the current situation of using digital technology for education services and what are the challenges; sharing of best practices from existed education technology in Asia Pacific (i.e. Ruangguru from Indonesia, Taamkru from Thailand, Kyna from Viet Nam, etc.); and how APEC may assist the agenda of leveraging digital technology to improve education quality. PO will also invite the alumni of “Indonesia Mengajar”, one of education foundation in Indonesia who sent volunteers to teach children in rural and remote areas. The speaker will hopefully explore the condition of educating children in rural and remote areas, which mostly done by mothers and female teachers. The aim is to dive in the topics of digital technology role in making a better education quality, especially in rural and remote areas, and how women may participate actively. 

On the second day,, we decided to cancel the field trip session. We, instead, decided to invite a school representative to give presentation which includes recorded activities of online learning in the workshop and have discussion among participants. We thought that it is more effective and may avoid unnecessary administrative re-arrangement.

2)  Final report of the workshop about leveraging digital technology on improving education technology. The final report will be presented at the next EC and HRDWG during The First APEC Senior Officials Meeting (SOM-1) 2019. Not more than five-page paper will be submitted to report and evaluate the implementation of the workshop. The survey and feedbacks from the participants are also incorporated in the report. The report is expected to share best experiences among APEC member economies, as well as identify on the education technology in Asia Pacific region. The report will also aim to present a list of website and/or application for primary level and mid-level student in remote areas, to be followed up in HRDWG forum. 

A list of website and/or application may be useful to be a reference to EC, in collaboration with HRDWG, especially to provoke further discussion about leveraging digital technology in primary and mid-level education. Since EC is the fora to discuss on structural reform, the mentioned list can be used as the primary data about education technology, if there will be any study about education in the digital age. The mentioned list will show how website-based and mobile-based application in education has developed recently. 

Outcomes: This project aims to use digital technology to facilitate quality and sufficient education in rural and remote areas. We are also aware that HRDWG is doing excellent job in moving forward the issue of online education, and they have already published the APEC Quality Assurance in Online Education in 2016. However, in our view the work done by HRDWG on online education covers specifically on higher education. We note that online learning is easier to be applied in higher education, because primary and mid-level education are not universal in the Asia Pacific region. 

We expect that education technology for younger student can be the topic(s) to be addressed in APEC member economies. Recently, education technology has only been done by start-ups and private sectors, meanwhile the government pay more attention in the compulsory schools. The workshop may provide the education technology as the alternative and/or the complementary towards the compulsory schools. 

Teachers, academics, and lectures may broaden their knowledge on the options of digital technology that can be used in their schools and/or campuses. They can gain ideas and methods on using the digital technology to cope the students. As for the education start-up, they can get feedbacks from the teachers, academics, and lectures, as well as from the stakeholders, to improve and renew their application. The feedbacks from the participants may complement each other, the academics, the start-ups, and the government. 

Furthermore, the project may provoke the discussion about online learning on primary and mid-level students in EC and HRDWG. The discussion in the workshop can encourage APEC to begin the topic and to address this new issue, especially in purpose of improving the quality of rural and remote areas. 

Beneficiaries: All APEC member economies are welcome. The participants should have background about the education development in the Asia Pacific region, including researchers, analysts, lecturers, policy makers, school foundations, NGOs, private, government from the relevant sectors/section etc. As we aim for the reform in education policies, we prefer to have participants with access to make the education policy. As for the government level, officials from Ministry of Education or the senior lecturers from public universities are preferable. They will discuss and exchange the view on how the education in remote areas should be handled. Other international and regional organizations may also apply for non-member participation. 

The participants will be stakeholders that include, but not limited to academics, Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU), NGOs, lecturers/educators, educational observers, parents, as well as the local government and communities, targeting 100-150 participants. The invitations will be spread through APEC mailing list and personal emails.

Dissemination

At the end of the workshop, a final report will be produced. The report will be available in digital format for distribution among APEC economies via APEC Publications Database . All members may access the report. No paper publication for sale following the project. 

The report may be useful to the teachers, lecturers, education start-ups, and the government to explore more on leveraging the digital technology to improve education quality in the remote area. The list of education applications which will be mentioned in the report also may be helpful to develop the education technology.

Gender

Indonesia has made important and significant progress in enhancing the participation of women in the economic and community activities ranging from small and medium enterprises to developing public policy and business management at domestic level. 

The project will ensure inclusive participation in drafting the guidelines and its implementation. As for the workshop, we will consider the gender-balanced speakers and moderators. PO will ensure that in every session, we provide at least one female speaker. As for the participants, we aim for at least 30% female participants as there are more female teachers in the primary and mid-level schools in Indonesia. 

The project will also involve cross fora collaboration and wide stakeholders’ participation to discuss various roles in the education. This level of engagement will be formally incorporated into project planning through the consultation phases through to the delivery of project materials. 

As being mentioned in section B, the workshop will touch on how women can play role on using digital technology to enhance education technology, especially in rural and remote areas. PO will invite a female teacher, who formerly taught children in remote areas to share her view and explore the options what mothers and female teachers can do. 

Women in rural and remote areas tend to socialize in certain places. They usually gather around at the local markets, maternal and children health services (or Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu in Indonesia), rice-fields, farms, and schools. To ensure that the women in rural and remote areas have the opportunity to participate in education services, the government may approach the women at the maternal and children health services (Posyandu) and provide them with education services, i.e. basic education and skills, counseling and capacity building, by using the digital technology to improve their lives.  Government may provide curiculum and/or technical guidance in Posyandu, so that every women can be trained.  Government may ensure the facilities used in the ‘Posyandu’ training, i.e. providing the laptops/computers and good internet connection. 

PO is committed to collect sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only the APEC funded) at the project event. This data will be included when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat at the completion of the project about what was achieved as well as giving future POs guidance on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

A two-day workshop will be held in the end of January 2019, in Bali, Indonesia. Day one will be focused on the challenges faced and efforts taken to tackle the issue of improving educating quality in rural and remote areas by leveraging digital technology. Various speakers will discuss about their experience and lessons-learned. Lecturers, school foundation, policy makers, etc. will share about the difficulties and opportunities during their time educating the people in rural and remote areas. Day two will later aim for the role of APEC and how APEC may contribute towards the issue. The workshop will produce evidence-based recommendations in APEC work plan on structural reform to improve education quality in rural and remote areas in the digital era. 

Time

Task

Deliverables

Early November 2018

Early preparation will be conducted via inter-ministerial meeting to gather inputs and views. PO will discuss about the agenda and speakers’ recommendation with Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Education and Culture.

Notes, inputs, and views of related agencies and stakeholders

December 2018 – January 2019

Next stage preparation of the agenda and confirmed-speakers. The preparation will also cover on logistic matters, such as venues, tickets for eligible economies, and hosting matters.

Agenda, list of speakers, and invitations

End of January 2019

Implementation of the projects.

Two-day workshop in Bali

February – March 2019

Developing final report and recommendation list on all the inputs and comments accumulated from the series of research, and consultation. The final draft may be circulated intersessional to the APEC member economies before being submitted.

Final report

End of March 2019

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat.

Completion Report

September – December 2019

Participating in the Long-Term Evaluation of APEC Projects, conducted by APEC Secretariat

Long-term evaluation

Risks

Risks
· Difficulties to engaging the right expert;

· Delay in determining the venue of the socialization and limited participation and feedback from the workshop and from the socialization;

· Opposition from stakeholders or lack of human resources capacity to supervise the online learning for primary and mid-level education; and

·  Participants not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project

Risk Management
· Some government officials from related ministries has already established contact and agreed with the substance and the outcome of the guidelines;

·  Developing TOR with clear requirements, objectives, time frame and desired output from the expert;

·  Project Overseer with the coordination with officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Education and Culture will circulate a draft agenda and workshop concept paper to engage in and stimulate an early dialogue on the shape of the agenda and the aims of the workshop.  Early engagement on this workshop with relevant stakeholders will have the additional benefit of advertising the event at an early point to promote broad attendance by the target audiences;

·  The implementation of this project will be conducted gradually over the years, based on capacity and resources; and

·  To make sure the recommendations may be applied well, it is expected to develop the issue of education technology within the HRDWG agenda, or continue another workshop as the follow-up agenda.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Feedback about the workshop will be collected via written evaluations to all member economies to offer opportunity to give feedbacks during the workshop. All comments related to leveraging digital technology to improve primary and mid-level education in rural and remote areas are also welcome in the end of the workshop. 

To provide the comprehensive feedbacks, it will survey on the number of participants (grouped as the lecturers, start-ups or private sectors, and government), the number of best practices on education technology, the number of recommendations during the workshop, and participation rates of women. 

The indicators will range about the understanding on the topics, how well the development of education technology in the economies, and how the best practices deepen the knowledge about education technology. PO expects to have:

· For the participants, at least 100 participants with one-third part is women and two-third from all APEC economies can join the workshop;

·  For the outcome, at least 10 web-based and/or mobile-based application on education being listed during the workshop, and

·  At least one recommendation to be followed up by EC and HRDWG.

The result of the monitoring and evaluation program will be used to assess the implementation of the project.

Linkages

Although rural and remote areas have been echoed in some APEC working group and fora, the project on leveraging digital technology to improve education quality in rural and remote areas has never been discussed thoroughly. HRDWG may be included for cross-fora collaboration, especially on the follow-up recommendation. EC may join the HRDWG on focusing the actions and evaluation after conducting the project.

Sustainability

Following implementation of this project, PO intend to take a number of steps to ensure the sustainability of efforts to supervise on leveraging digital technology to improve primary and mid-level education in rural and remote areas. Specifically, PO will evaluate and assess the final report, identify capacity building needed which aimed at helping ministries/agencies and local governments in Indonesia to take steps to supervise the online learning for primary and mid-level students, maintain communication with all stakeholders to collaborate on future activities, such as studies or follow up project. In addition, education is part of Indonesia’s RAASR IAP which will be reported in 2020. 

As PO plan to work together with HRDWG colleagues, this topic may sustainably evolve. The former participants may incorporate the topics towards HRDWG agenda. As APEC focus on the human resource development in digital era, the topics can be developed for a few years ahead, including as one of the suggestions for the APEC Vision Post-2020 agenda.

Project Overseers

Mr. Irfan Permadi is the Head of APEC Section, Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of Indonesia. Mr. Irfan has been participating in the APEC-Economic Committee and dealing with APEC Projects since 2014. In the project preparation and implementation, Mr. Irfan has been working closely with officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as Ministry of Education and Culture.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Waivers are sought for the following:

a) Participants from travel-eligible APEC economies to receive per-diem and advance payment for the workshop;

b) 6 speakers to receive per-diem and advance payment for the workshop. They are chosen from APEC economies with potential to discuss the work on education in rural and remote areas.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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