Project Title

Coordinating Standards for Cool Roof Testing and Performance 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

EWG 14 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

EWG 14 2018A 

Project Title

Coordinating Standards for Cool Roof Testing and Performance 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

10,000 

Total Project Value

110,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Japan; Mexico; Philippines; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Sven Mumme 

Job Title 1

Technology Manager 

Organization 1

US Department of Energy 

Postal Address 1

Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Ave, SW Washington, Dc 20585, USA 

Telephone 1

(1-202) 2871848 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

sven.mumme@ee.doe.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Sven Mumme 

Project Summary

A number of APEC economies have adopted or are considering standards for the testing and performance requirements for reflective, “cool” surface technologies (roofs and walls).  These surfaces reduce cooling energy use, ease summertime peak electricity demand, and facilitate cooler, more comfortable cities. Differing testing standards across the region increases the cost of trade in these product lines and inhibits market growth across the APEC region. This project would develop a review and comparison of cool surface testing and performance standards in place or under consideration in APEC economies and provide a roadmap for establishing cool surface product testing and rating infrastructure in economies that do not have access to it. The study would be undertaken from the US.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Differing, and sometimes conflicting, standards for testing cool surface technologies in APEC economies adds cost barriers to importing and exporting these product and limits the potential market growth for these important energy efficiency and low carbon measures.  The market for cool surface technologies is growing in APEC economies but companies face additional costs and challenges with growing business through export. Understanding and coordinating standards and existing best practices would benefit economies that currently have cool surface standards (e.g., Australia, China, Japan, Mexico, United States) as well as those considering or in the process of developing standards (e.g., Thailand, Indonesia).  This project will raise awareness among APEC building experts, researchers and policy makers on available cool surface technologies, facilitate the common understanding of existing standards, and build capacity to more effectively address energy consumption through improved cool surface policy and implementation. Space conditioning loads that are directly affected by the building envelope (window, walls, roof and foundation) are responsible for approximately 30% to 50% of building electricity consumption, which makes up approximately 50% of total electricity consumption in APEC economies. To reduce electricity demand growth and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs), investment in high performance, energy efficient building envelopes is essential.  The impact of cool surfaces is typically the least recognized potential benefit of high performance building envelopes within APEC economies[1]. Cool roofs and walls reduce space cooling energy demands by 20% and are particularly valuable in reducing peak demand.  At modest scale (approximately 25% penetration), urban deployment of cool surfaces can have a substantial impact on overall temperatures (about 1.5C per 0.1 increase in urban solar reflectivity).  Achieving these modest deployment levels can help reduce overall cooling energy demand, even in buildings that do not yet have cool roofs and walls as well as substantial improvements to air quality and health.  A recent study of 1,700 cities in the Journal Nature Climate Change found that cool surfaces deliver net benefits worth 12 times their cost. 

Relevance – Eligibility: The project will directly support capacity building initiatives contributing to the promotion of energy efficiency and low carbon measures in the APEC region, per the mission of the ASF Sub-Fund for Energy Efficiency. By encouraging the deployment of cool surface technologies that reduce cooling electricity demand by 20%, the project will contribute to achieving APEC Leaders' aggregate energy intensity reduction goal of 45% by 2035 which was agreed at the APEC Leaders Summit in Honolulu in 2011, the Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project launched at the APEC Energy Ministers Meeting in June 2010 in Fukui, Japan, and the goals of the EGEEC, LCMT-TF, and ER-TF. This project will help to reduce barriers to trade by enhancing understanding and coordination of cool surface testing and performance standards, a broader APEC priority. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This project will produce a report that will review, within APEC economies, the current research on the energy efficiency and other impacts of reflective surfaces. It will also gather and compare existing standards governing product testing, rating, and performance for cool surface materials. The paper will highlight best practices and offer recommendations on ways to improve coordination between standards for testing, rating, and performance.  It will also provide a summary roadmap for establishing product testing and rating infrastructure in APEC economies that do not have access to such a system. This will be of particular benefit to developing economies with less experience with cool surface technologies and testing standards to meet product qualifications and thus ease trade. As a result of the project, APEC members will have a clear understanding of the value of growing the cool surface marketplace, of existing market and trade barriers, and of proven collaborative strategies to overcome those barriers.


[1] Due to the energy savings opportunities, relative power of the insulation industry compared to the cool roofing industry, and the international presence of Fenestration Rating Councils, windows and insulation levels have traditionally taken priority over building surface color.

Objectives

·  Gather existing cool surface standards in APEC economies in a framework for easy comparison.  This process will make the many differing standards accessible in one location and in a common language for interested parties (e.g. industry, governments, researchers).

·  Build capacity by identifying and comparing cool surface testing and performance standards for APEC economies to facilitate a full understanding of the existing policy landscape. The comparison framework will also make it possible to highlight best practices and make recommendations for modifications to conform with those best practices.  The project will also provide a roadmap for establishing cool surface testing infrastructure and procedures.

·  Demonstrate and build support for growing cool surface markets in APEC to deliver energy efficiency and GHG mitigation.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project aligns with the APEC Accord on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth, and the APEC Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth by 2020, to bring greater focus to the importance of pursuing quality growth as envisaged in the 2010 APEC Growth Strategy.  Achieving the project objectives will spur growth in cool surface technologies that deliver significant health, economic, and quality of life improvements, in addition the energy savings and low carbon benefits. 

This project directly supports the 2012 APEC report “Cool Roofs in APEC Economies: Review of Experiences, Best Practices, and Potential Benefits” (APEC#211-RE-01.11), which articulated the need for product infrastructure and rating development.  This project proposes to follow up on the recommendation of that study to educate APEC economies on state-of-the-art energy efficient cool roof rating and testing procedures that comply with internationally recognized standards.  This project also supports the 2010 APEC Leaders decision to implement the Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI) for the APEC Building Material Testing and Rating Centre (SB2).  This project is directly focused on test standard development and coordination to foster economic growth of energy efficient technologies and to reduce trade barriers. 

Alignment – Forum: This project aligns with the EWG’s Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC) work plan in several capacities. It extends the work under Cool Roofs in APEC Economies: Review of Experience, Best Practices and Potential Benefits by focusing on standards development and coordination and also updating current understanding of cool surfaces.   It also supports the work done under Comparison of Building Energy Codes in APEC Economies by focusing on key building envelope code language across APEC economies.

This project supports the EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 on development and commercialization of energy efficient technologies in buildings to promote sustainable communities.  The EGEEC will continue to collaborate with the APEC Subcommittee on Standards and Codes as well as relevant international projects, and enhance work that can lead to the development of harmonized, compatible and transparent standards for energy efficient products, including those for buildings. This project specifically targets a pathway to achieving coordination and, later, harmonization of standards in a growing market throughout the APEC region. The project will advance EWG’s stated intention to encourage the research cooperation needed to develop such standards and to reliably test products, including through the APEC Regional Building Testing and Rating Centers. This project will study the existing standards to provide a foundation to begin discussions on an internationally recognized standard for cool roofs.  The project will build APEC member capacity to address barriers to energy trade and investment by raising awareness of differences in existing codes and standards and setting the stage for a more coordinated and harmonized standard in the future.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The project will produce an accessible report that provides basic information/education on cool surfaces, survey results, the existing testing, rating, and performance standards for cool roof materials in APEC economies.  The project team will focus on economies with existing cool roof standards including Australia, China, Japan, Mexico and the United States.  The report would place the existing standards into a comparison framework to facilitate easy comparison across economies by governments, industry, and research.  The report would highlight best practices in standard language, testing and rating methodology, and performance levels as well as a summary roadmap for establishing testing and rating infrastructure. It will also offer recommendations on areas of potential coordination between existing standards with to lay groundwork for a discussion on the development a common standard.  The report will also articulate a roadmap for establishing high-performance testing and rating methodologies and infrastructure for economies lacking access to such a system.  The roadmap would include model lab standards, testing procedures, lab equipment needs, and product weathering methodologies recommendations. The report will be aimed at policymakers and industry representatives.  We anticipate a relatively short summary document (10 – 20 pages) backed with appendices with more detail.  The report will include:

1) Background on the opportunity of cool surface deployment in APEC economies

2) Summary of existing cool roof standards

3)  Summary of best practices drawn from cool roof standards

4) Roadmap for high-performance testing and rating processes

5) Appendices with cool surfaces standards language and detailed support materials for the testing roadmap. 

Outcomes: The project will document existing standards for cool surface product testing, rating, and performance.  To date, there is no single place to access these standards, nor are they in a common language to facilitate comparison. An analysis of the differences between standards will help identify areas where coordination is most needed and most possible in the medium term.  By highlighting best practices and methodologies that could be adopted in other APEC economies, the project will facilitate improvements to economy-specific standards. 

The project will lay the groundwork for future development of a common standard for cool roof testing and rating in APEC economies where standards currently exist.  It will also provide a clear roadmap for establishing testing and rating infrastructure in economies and regions where they do not currently exist.  More broadly, the action plan recommendations would encourage and significantly improve the chances that governments develop and launch successful cool surface market development plans and help APEC gauge interest in developing working groups to support these activities going forward.  It will also develop the working relationships between stakeholders necessary for any future activities related to standard coordination or action planning. 

The report will result in an enhanced understanding of cool surface technologies, their application, their broad co-benefits that will spur adoption of cool roof policies and programs in APEC economies. The project will build the knowledge base and capacity amongst experts and industry of cool roof standards in APEC economies. 

Beneficiaries: The report will be useful for policy makers and private stakeholders (industry, academics, and other experts) based or working in APEC economies.  Private stakeholders from several APEC economies have expressed an interest in this work stream. Industry representatives will provide important real-world perspective on how standards and testing procedures are actually implemented. Industry will benefit from this project through an enhanced understanding and coordinating standards that will significantly lower trade barriers, encourage free trade, and foster market growth and quality while also building common testing capacity and infrastructure within the APEC region. The project will promote cross-certification of products that will result in lower product costs and higher quality for consumers across APEC economies. Industry representatives will include, but not be limited to, paint and coatings manufacturers, insulation manufacturers, major developers, membrane roof manufacturers.  Specific industry representatives that are supportive of this proposal include the Japan Paint Manufacturers Association (JPMA), Mexico Paint and Coatings Association (ANAFAPyT), and Sika Corporation. Academia and building science experts are also important players in the process of updating and adopting new standards and testing capacity.  These entities may house the physical testing labs and provide relevant training and capacity to policymakers that will be needed for standard adoption and implementation. Specific entities will include, but not be limited to, the Cool Roof Rating Council (CRRC), Association for an Energy Efficient Economy – Mexico (AEAEE), King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi – Thailand (KMUTT), Mexico - CENIDET (research institution),. The team will also work with noted international cool surfaces experts from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Concordia University, and the National University of Singapore. The project team will Policy makers decide on national and regional standards setting and are a critical audience for this report.  From interested APEC economies, representatives from all three constituencies will be invited to participate.  A broader set of actors will also be engaged for comment and input – with a focus on gender inclusivity. Specifically, the team will work to identify local organizations that focus on community development to highlight the opportunities of cool surfaces to improve the health and prosperity of under-resourced communities.  A major economic benefit will be that a common understanding of standards will help spur global investment in local building component manufacturing plants. APEC economies that encourage cool surface deployment will create local manufacturing jobs and investing economies will have increased raw material, supplies and equipment order demand creating jobs in their home economy. In addition, a common understanding of standards would then help policy makers and regulators implement a building energy code that is one of the key mechanisms in driving clean energy development. This report is a key activity to increase the interest and demand in establishing a common standard that will allow for greater private sector investment.

Dissemination

The team will gather the materials into a webinar format that can be shared via related networks including the Clean Energy Solutions Center, UNEP/DTU’s Climate Initiatives Platform for International Collaborative Initiative, Cool Cities Network (C40), and Building Energy Efficiency Accelerators. The project team will identify trade shows, APEC meetings, conferences, or other relevant forums to present the findings of the report, pending co-funding support. The materials will also be shared with relevant industry groups and companies that currently trade or seek to develop trading relationships in cool surface materials. The report, comparison framework, action plan models, and testing and rating infrastructure models will be published on partner and APEC websites.  The contents that will be created for the webinar and distributed to other partner networks will comply with APEC Logo and Publications Guidelines, and is under the APEC IP Policy.  Reporting, and other written outputs associated with this project, which will be publically available, will be presented to the Secretariat in a standard of English that requires no further copy-editing. The Project Report, or other materials, which may or may not be distributed and published as an APEC publication, will be prepared in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Logo Guidelines.

Gender

The project welcomes the participation of women in all aspects of this project. Earlier, related APEC projects have included a number of women stakeholders.  For example, several women participated in the first APEC’s Energy Efficiency Centre, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and Thailand’s Ministry of Energy Department of Alternative Energy Development (DEDE) and the basic simulation training workshop. Successfully improving energy efficiency relies in part on changing energy use behaviour in our society. Women pay a key role in the selection of the home features and energy savings. They are important contributors to the realisation of energy efficiency improvement though education and communication both inside the household and in the broader public sphere. Successful comprehensive energy efficiency policy needs broad public involvement and women will be critical to the achievement of an APEC-wide regional inspirational goal of a reduction in energy intensity.  The report’s contents will highlight the gender neutrality of the skill set required for implementing cool roofs, thus allowing new opportunities for women in affected communities.  The background section will articulate how cool surfaces, when deployed at scale, will have substantial positive impacts on health by improving thermal comfort of dwellings and reducing community-scale temperatures.  The project team will ensure that review panels for the Report reflect appropriate gender balance.

Work Plan

The project will be completed in a total of 11 months. 

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

November 2018 – December 2018

Identify Project Consultant

Finalized project team, including subcontractors with clear SOWs.

December 2018 – September 2019

Undertake desk research to identify which APEC economies have standards currently and develop a survey to acquire those existing cool surface test standards, policies and practices. 

Set of existing cool surface standards, translated to English.

January 2019 – October 2019

Develop report and summary matrix

Final report including a comparison framework for test standards and practices in APEC economies, educational materials on cool surfaces, and a roadmap for establishing testing and rating infrastructure.

October 2019 – November 2019

Share draft framework a select small group (3-5) of stakeholders within APEC, academia, and industry for review and comment.

Revise draft report as needed

Secure Fora endorsement of final report.

Final published report, with webinar and other presentational materials.

January 2020

Submit an endorsed Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat.

Completion Report

November 2020

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat, as required by all APEC funded projects.

Long Term Evaluation materials

Risks

There are four risks associated with the report.  The project team may not get all of the existing standards and information from participating economies via survey.  This risk will be mitigated by approaching both APEC representatives via their peers and by leveraging long-standing relationships to acquire the standards.  The team has also limited its initial outreach to economies where standards exist and are not as challenging to acquire – currently 5 economies. There is also a risk that some of the materials may require excessive costs for technical translation.  The team will review multiple options before committing to technical translation to ensure the best possible price is garnered.  An additional risk is the poor or not well-received diffusion of the report in the relevant platforms or by the relevant stakeholders.  The team will work through its network of stakeholders to ensure that the findings of the report are disseminated via trusted local sources.  Finally, APEC economies may find it challenging to adopt and implement best practices laid out in the report.  The team will address this by engaging the deep expertise of the CRRC to lay out step by step approach to adopting testing and rating standards.  This content will be a key component of the final report.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The immediate evaluation measurement is the completion and endorsement of the cool surface standards study by APEC economies. Metrics will include the number of existing standards, the number of economies surveyed (targeting 7-10 economies) and the number of best practices published (targeting 3-5 best practices). This will be shared with participating APEC economies as part of the final evaluation of the project. After review, the team will follow up with participants to gauge whether there are additional comments/feedback.  Medium term impact will be judged by the number of APEC economies that commit to an cool surface action planning process, an internal standards review, and/or in a standards coordination process with other economies (targeting 1-3 new processes).  This metric will be gathered via quarterly communications with APEC representatives and private/university contacts within interested economies.

Linkages

The project team will leverage its extensive network of representatives from private industry and relevant academic experts in APEC economies, including U.S., Mexico, Japan, Thailand, Australia, China, Korea and others.  The team will also engage relevant international organizations such as C40 Cities and World Resources Institute’s Building Efficiency Accelerators. The team will engage other non-APEC stakeholders that have adopted or are developing national standards such as India, Kuwait, and South Africa as useful case studies for APEC economies to learn best practices and lessons learned.  APEC is a critical funding partner for this work because it convenes relevant economies that represent a substantial potential market and multi-lateral trading opportunity for these important technologies to reduce energy demand and local impacts from climate change.  APEC membership is ideally placed to share the findings in individual economies and spur market shifts that will benefit communities, industry, and economies as a whole. There are currently no other funding partners with the regional reach, influence, or commitment.

Sustainability

One of the project outcomes are pathways that offer clear next steps to APEC economies at various stages of cool surface adoption.  APEC economies without a cool surface market or standards will have a roadmap for developing cool surface testing and rating infrastructure and an action plan for market development.  APEC economies with existing standards will have a clear way to identify areas of improvement, action plans for additional market development, and a framework to guide standards coordination efforts with other APEC economies.  The project team, via its existing relationships, will continue to encourage the development of local stakeholder groups to support APEC representatives on these pathways. These periodic communications will also allow for updates on progress.  After 1 year, the team will survey APEC economies to see what progress has been made.

Project Overseers

Sven Mumme of the U.S. DOE will oversee the project and contractors.  Subcontractors will include translation service providers and other experts.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 4.0 
Created at 12/11/2018 14:15  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 05/12/2018 15:22  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search