Project Title

APEC Workshop on Public-Private Partnership for Solar Energy Development 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

EWG 12 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 12 2018A 

Project Title

APEC Workshop on Public-Private Partnership for Solar Energy Development 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

28,585 

Total Project Value

128,585 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Chile; Hong Kong, China; Japan; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/11/2018 

Expected Completion Date

30/09/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Pham Quynh Mai 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director General 

Organization 1

Multilateral Trade Policy Department, Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

54 Hai Ba Trung Street, Ha Noi, Viet Nam 

Telephone 1

(84-4) 22205522 

Fax 1

(84-4) 22202525 

Email 1

maipq@moit.gov.vn and patbeo81@gmail.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Pham Quynh Mai 

Project Summary

Public-private partnerships (PPP) are commonly accepted as one of the most effective ways to promote solar energy, through cooperation arrangements between the public sector and private businesses covering the joint planning, financing and implementation of solar energy projects/ programmes. These presuppose a long-term commitment on the part of the private business and compatible with the development-policy objectives of the government sector.

In line with APEC Leaders’ instructions in 2012 to “Promote technology development and deployment of a low-emission energy supply including carbon capture, storage and use, and renewable energy sources”, Viet Nam proposed to a project on holding an APEC Workshop on Public Private Partnership for Solar Energy Development”, to be held in Viet Nam in June 2019.

Workshop’s proposed objectives: (i) Enhance understanding on the use of PPP to develop solar energy; (ii) Provide the opportunities for solar energy experts from APEC member economies, solar energy producers and investors (business sector) to share information and good practices on using PPP to remove the obstacles and facilitate the development of solar energy; (iii) Explore potential cooperation opportunities among APEC member economies in developing solar energy.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: As a result of significant increase in industrial and population growth in recent decades, there has been a big increase in global demand for energy. Sources of nuclear energy, conventional energy such as oil, coal, natural gas, firewood, etc., have for long been a popular way to feed the world demand thanks to either its cheap price or easy usage, availability or all. However, energy crisis have been inevitably a part of modern world to as many economies and regions in the world, especially since 1970s due to the fact that these sources of energy are limited and fast depleted. Conventional energy, therefore, is increasingly no longer cheap, stable and sustainable as it used to be, which can adversely affect the global energy security and prosperity. Among those, renewable energy is on high agenda as a long – term, efficient alternative to the current situation. 

In comparison to other kinds of energy, renewable energy, including solar energy is renewable, limitless, sustainable and environmental friendly. Though awareness on the importance and advantages of solar energy is raised, it is still difficult to develop the solar industry due to the fluctuations in solar panel prices and the barriers in solar installations and supply chain in APEC economies (namely high costs, standardization, changes in sub-component suppliers, etc.) 

Public-private partnerships (PPP) are commonly accepted as one of the most effective ways to promote solar energy, through cooperation arrangements between the public sector and private businesses covering the joint planning, financing and implementation of solar energy projects/ programmes. These presuppose a long-term commitment on the part of the private business and compatible with the development-policy objectives of the government sector. 

APEC is home to 21 member economies of diversified development levels but on fast growth in common. Reliable sources of energy remain important to all member economies for the sake of stability and prosperity. Through identifying to help remove the obstacles, and sharing experiences on PPP to facilitate the development of solar energy, as well as exploring further cooperation opportunities, this project is expected to contribute to the sustainable growth of renewable energy, in particular solar energy, across the APEC region.

Previously Viet Nam held APEC events related to renewable energy such as SME 05 2016A - APEC Workshop on Renewable Energy Potentials for SMEs, APEC Workshop on Promoting the Development of Wind Energy, Phase 2 – Public Private Partnership for Wind Energy Development etc. However, previous projects touched on issues such as renewable energy for small and medium enterprises (with discussions on various forms of energy such as conventional power, biofuel, hydro etc. and suggestions on policies to assist SMEs to reap the benefits of renewable energy potentials), PPP for wind energy development. From 2007 until today (11 years), there are only 10 events held on solar/PV including 2 studies so the number of attended participants are limited. In addition, there have not been a specific topic on PPP for solar energy development in APEC. 

Wind energy and solar energy are differed from each other and in developing economies, solar energy have becoming a popular trend (it is estimated that solar energy will develop by 33 per cent per year in Viet Nam) with higher and higher percentage of energy supply in economies as well as reasonable prices. However, reasons for the slower-than-expected development of solar energy are the high cost of initial installation, requirements for large land of installation etc. Therefore, it is crucial time to discuss the topic of PPP for more efficiency in costs and land, as well as to discuss ways to remove the obstacles and facilitate the development of solar energy. 

Relevance – Eligibility: The Sub-Fund on Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Measures supports capacity building initiatives contributing to the promotion of energy efficiency and low carbon measures in the APEC region. Renewable energy, including solar energy is renewable, limitless, sustainable and environmental friendly. With a focus on PPP for solar energy development, the project will contribute to the promotion of energy efficiency and low carbon measures in the APEC region.

Relevance – Capacity Building: Renewable energy, including solar energy, is a new industry in most of APEC developing economies.  Given their less developed infrastructure and the limited resources, APEC developing economies are relatively inexperienced in solar energy projects.

This project aims to create a platform for solar energy experts, especially those in solar energy from APEC member economies, solar energy producers and investors to share information and good practices on using PPP to remove the obstacles and facilitate the development of solar energy. 

Participants from developing economies will also have a chance to learn about key success factors of well-performing PPP in solar energy in economies, from which they can learn and draw lessons, experiences and good practices regarding PPP in solar energy. 

Since APEC will fund participants from travel eligible economies to attend the Workshop, it is expected that these participants will absorb and withdraw experiences from the Workshop to enhance efficiency in PPP utilization to develop solar energy in their home economies. Therefore, this project offers a valuable insight into well-designed PPPs for solar energy access and development in developing economies.

Objectives

1) Enhance understanding on the use of PPP to develop solar energy (PPP is a new form of solar energy development that are not popular. Participants, therefore, are expected to better understand about PPP, especially key success factors such as policy coordination, handling of land constraints, green incentives etc.); 

2) Provide the opportunities for solar energy experts from APEC member economies, solar energy producers and investors (business sector) to share information and best/ good practices on using PPP to remove the obstacles and facilitate the development of solar energy; and 

3) Explore potential cooperation opportunities among APEC member economies in developing solar energy (Experts from economies may work together in future events/ projects; Companies find new customers. This happened in previous energy projects in Viet Nam).

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  In 2011, the APEC Leader clearly states to promote green growth: “We are committed to advancing our shared green growth objectives.  We can and must address both the region’s economic and environmental challenges by speeding the transition toward a global low-carbon economy in a way that enhances energy security and creates new sources of economic growth and employment.” 

The APEC Leaders, once again, are committed to strengthening APEC Energy Security, clearly state in the 2012 Declaration: “Promote technology development and deployment of a low-emission energy supply including carbon capture, storage and use, and renewable energy sources such as bioenergy from sustainable biomass sources”. 

Through identifying to help remove the obstacles, and sharing experiences on PPP to facilitate the development of solar energy, as well as exploring further cooperation opportunities, the “APEC Workshop on Public Private Partnership for Solar Energy Development” would contribute directly to the commitments of APEC Leaders to “speed up the transition toward a low – carbon economy”, and “promote development and deployment of a low – emission energy supply” that “enhance energy security and create new sources of economic growth and employment”.

Alignment – Forum: 
This project will contribute to the APEC Energy Security Initiative (ESI) as it is the principal mechanism through which the EWG addresses the short and long term energy security challenges in a sustainable manner. In ESI, Long-term measures include facilitating investment, trade and technology cooperation in energy infrastructure, natural gas (including LNG), energy efficiency, clean fossil energy (including carbon capture and geological sequestration), renewable energy and hydrogen and fuel cells[1]. Therefore, this project is one of the long-term measures as solar energy is a part of renewable energy. This project is also in line with EWG Strategic Plan during 2014-2018 as it contributes to EWG’s pillars of strengthening energy security, promoting energy efficiency as well as developing cleaner energy sources.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:  

Output

Description

Workshop

A 2-day Workshop held in Viet Nam in June 2019.

Discussion topics may include overview on PPP in solar energy, challenges to PPP in solar energy, successful case studies on PPP in solar energy etc.

The Workshop will gather various stakeholders such as energy-related government officials, experts from ABAC, academia, the private sector (companies that provide solar energy technology or capital. Also, companies that provide consultancy for solar energy projects/ activities), business associations, and international organizations (UNEP, IEA, OECD etc.). These stakeholders should be involved in solar energy-related activities/ business/ policy-making, studies etc.

Summary report

A summary report (ranging from 5 to 15 pages) with outcomes and recommendations from the Workshop will be presented to EWG. Such report will be composed of the following, but not limited to, sections: introduction of the project; briefings of the presentations made at the Workshop, including best practices (if any); briefings on discussions at the Workshop; suggested recommendations made by Workshop attendants and the project consultant. Participants will provide recommendations by 2 ways: (i) during discussions at the Workshop, (ii) at the Evaluation forms that are provided at the end of the Workshop.

This Report will be an APEC Publication.

Targeted audience of the summary report: project attendants, EWG and EGNRET members

Purpose: summarise proceedings, discussions and recommendations at the Workshop.

Recommendations

Participants at the Workshop will provide recommendations (expected: 10 recommendations or more) for APEC on next steps through 2019 and beyond. Especially, Workshop participants will propose future activities with the link of EWG’s work and plans. Such recommendations are important to assure sustainability of the project as well as pave a foundation for further discussions/ projects/ activities on PPP and/or solar energy.

Participants will provide recommendations by 2 ways: (i) during discussions at the Workshop, (ii) at the Evaluation forms that are provided at the end of the Workshop.

Networking opportunities

The workshop will promote networking among participants; experts and other stakeholders from public and private sectors. 


Outcomes: 
The Workshop is an important activity for various stakeholders such as government officials, experts from ABAC, academia, the private sector, business associations, and international organizations (UNEP, IEA, OECD etc.), among others, to understand and discuss opportunities, challenges, good practices in PPP in solar energy. PPP is a new form of solar energy development that are not popular. Participants, therefore, are expected to better understand about PPP, especially key success factors such as policy coordination, handling of land constraints, green incentives etc.

The Workshop also provides opportunities for the participants to create a network among APEC economies and experts, which has a potential to provide inputs to and facilitate future discussions. The Workshop is expected to lead to a strengthened ability of participants, including regulators and policy-makers, to integrate knowledge and information absorbed from the Workshop on PPP in solar energy. Participants from developing economies will also have a chance to learn about key success factors of well-performing PPP in solar energy in economies, from which they can learn and draw lessons, experiences and good practices regarding PPP in solar energy.

During the Workshop, speakers and participants will have 1 Session to suggest recommendations. In the Workshop evaluation form, there will also be a Session for recommendations. Recommendations from the Workshop and from the evaluation form will be included in the summary report, which will be circulated to all Workshop speakers, participants and EWG. These recommendations will include followed up or additional APEC activities/ initiatives that APEC should have. This is a resource for APEC economies to consider in furthering PPP in solar energy at economy’s or APEC’s level. 

Experts from economies attending this Workshop may work together in future events/ projects; Companies attending this Workshop may find new customers. (This happened in previous energy projects in Viet Nam).

Beneficiaries: The project targets to governments’ officials,  who are directly or indirectly involved in PPP in renewable energy in general and solar energy in particular; local and international experts in PPP for the development of renewable energy and solar energy to share experiences in how to promote the development of solar energy through PPP; and business sectors (such as business associations, companies providing solar energy consultancy/ technology/ capital) who are directly or indirectly engaged in the process of solar energy production through PPP to listen to their difficulties, obstacles and recommendations.

Dissemination

Hard copies (presentations of the Workshop) will be provided to all the Workshop's participants. Electronic publication (presentations of the Workshop and summary report) will also be sent to Workshop speakers and participants to disseminate the Workshop's documents widely.  APEC's official website will be the main one to upload the documents (summary report).  Organisers will encourage participants to circulate documents domestically to assure effectiveness in dissemination.  A summary report of the Workshop will also be prepared and submitted to EWG.  The project's Summary Report will be published in he APEC Publication website.

Gender

Women will be directly and actively involved in the project. Project proponents of this Workshop are women. The Workshop organizers will be careful to include women speakers and participants in the Workshop.  The organizers will encourage women to be involved during the preparatory stage and actual activity. Invitations sent to EWG representatives will take due consideration of gender concerns by encouraging the suggestion and nomination of female speakers and participants. Organizers will also encourage speakers to include gender issues in their presentations, for example, presenting about gender-responsive PPP legal and contractual framework, how the use of PPPs helps address the underrepresentation of women in the sector.  Women’s participation is important, among other reasons, in connection with women’s economic empowerment generally and also understanding how to best promote the use of renewables given the different roles of men and women in the use and distribution of energy in households and communities. 

In addition, the project proponents will ensure that the evaluation forms to be distributed at the end of the Workshop will include information on gender for disaggregating of data for project assessment and will help in evaluation of specific responses of women and men. 

Organizers will try to invite 2 female speakers/moderators to the Workshop and set the target of 40% of Workshop participants will be female.

Work Plan

Timeline

Actions

Deliverables

December 2018 – February 2019

Identify a consultant to help plan and execute to plan and execute a Workshop

Contract with a consultant to plan and execute a 2-day Workshop

March – May 2019

Draft the Workshop agenda and circulate it to economies for comment. Economies are strongly encouraged to provide comments on the draft agenda to the Workshop Organizers.

Incorporate the comments and finalize the agenda to reflect all interests by stakeholders.

The Workshop location will be determined and finalized.

Invite and secure speakers for the Workshop, from international organizations, research institutes and APEC economies.

Draft Workshop agenda;

Confirmed venue;

Confirmed speakers and participants

April – May 2019

Promotion and dissemination of information on the Workshop.

Invite participants from relevant APEC Ministries/ agencies, - academia and research institutes in APEC member economies.

Confirmation of the event details (a General Information document is circulated to EWG/EGNRET focal points for nominating Workshop participants).

Preparation work by the Organizing Committee (logistic and documentation)

General Information note;

Confirmed participants

June 2019

Implementation of the 2-day Workshop.

Workshop

July – August 2019

Upon conclusion of the Workshop, event organizers will work with co-sponsors, speakers and other participants to draft a summary report for the APEC EGNRET and EWG.

Summary report and all supporting documents

Within 2 months from project end date

The drafting, endorsement and submission of the Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

Completion report

6 to 12 months after project end date

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat

Risks

Risks associated with the Workshop will be minimal. One of the risks is ensuring the selection of good speakers in order to make the most of the Workshop. The Organizers will work with the co-sponsor economies and relevant international organizations and institutions to get recommendations of potential speakers. There may be last-minute speaker cancellations. That risk will be managed by identifying possible back-up speakers in advance of the event. 

Another risk is delay of nomination from APEC economies. Organizers will manage such risk by working with other economies to ensure relevant candidates are selected for participation and will follow the responses to invitation. Outreach to be conducted when needed to receive nominations from non-responding economies. 

A possible risk is that project does not achieve all the proposed Objectives. To mitigate this risk, organizers will try to secure speakers with profound expertise and stimulate robust discussions at the Workshop on topics towards achieving the objectives. 

There is a risk of duplicating some parts of work previously done through APEC projects. However, PPP in solar energy has not been covered previously so organizers will work on specific discussion topics may include overview on PPP in solar energy, challenges to PPP in solar energy, successful case studies on PPP in solar energy etc. To double make-sure, organizers will study agendas of previous APEC events to avoid duplication.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Workshop’s Organizers will work closely and regularly with co-sponsor economies in determining the content of the agenda, selection of speakers, moderators, experts and participants for the Workshop. The project will adhere strictly to APEC project implementation procedures, including the timeline of actions. Organizers hope that 100 participants will attend the Workshop. 

Estimated indicators: Number of speakers/ participants, number of participating economies and diversification of speakers/ participants (at least 8 speakers, at least 10 economies will participate in this Workshop). 

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants as well as the speakers, moderators and experts to assess the effectiveness of the Workshop with respect to the relevance on the topics, presentations by speakers, overall impact and suggestions for further improvement and/or activities for future projects. The organizing committee will compile all comments and reflect them into the summary report, which will be submitted to the APEC Energy Working Group for consideration. 

Estimated indicators: Score of satisfaction on substance, speakers, logistic arrangements, impacts etc. in the questionnaires responded from participants. Organizers expected that at least 10 recommendations will be made at this Workshop. 

The summary report and Workshop documents will be made available to Workshop participants and the APEC Secretariat. The draft summary report on the outcome of the Workshop will be sent to APEC Secretariat for review before finalization. 

Estimated indicators: (i) Progress of draft and final summary report; (ii) Dissemination of draft and final summary report to participants and EWG

Linkages

Beside the EWG, the Organizers will consult with EGNRET to develop an in-depth agenda. The Organizer will also seek support from APEC and other international organizations such as the UNEP, World Bank, ADBI, OECD, etc., for further researches in energy, inviting right speakers, experts and participants to contribute most to the Workshop. Their involvement will help cross fora collaboration more efficiently, avoid duplication as well as promote work effectively through close consultation, exchanges and cooperation.

Previous work: Under the work of Energy Working Groups, renewable energy has been quite on high agenda recently, including many projects related to sharing experiences in technologies in renewable energy, geothermal technology, financing renewable energy, low-carbon model town, etc. To name a few: APEC Conference on Facilitating the Solar Supply Chain (EWG 23 2013A), Study on the Cost-Effective Renewable Energy-Supply Solutions based on Innovative Solar Technologies to Promote Green Buildings in APEC Region (EWG 03 2016A), APEC Regional Study on Renewable Energy Financing and Investment for Grid-Connected Wind and Solar (EWG 04 2018S) , SME 05 2016A - APEC Workshop on Renewable Energy Potentials for SMEs, etc. However, previous projects touched on issues such as renewable energy for small and medium enterprises (with discussions on various forms of energy such as conventional power, biofuel, hydro etc. and suggestions on policies to assist SMEs to reap the benefits of renewable energy potentials), PPP for wind energy development. This newly proposed workshop is in line with previous and current work on renewable energy, but particularly focus on solar energy from the perspectives of sharing experiences in PPP among APEC member economies.

APEC’s comparative advantage: As mentioned above, APEC is the best source of funding for this project because APEC persistently and strongly pursues sustainable growth through the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, which specifies sustainable growth as “promotion of energy efficiency and low carbon technology, development of renewable energy and alternative energy sources”. This project completely contributes to the course of development of renewable energy and alternative energy sources.

Sustainability

APEC economies can take in recommendations and spread the experiences and lessons in a wider range. Experts can make use of results or outcomes of this project in expected future projects. Participants can create cooperative network or means of future exchange of ideas and discussions. Possible future actions to be reflected in the summary report will be discussed at EWG, in close consultations with other related APEC sub-fora. Project overseers will engage in dissemination and follow up engagement with project participants to ensure they feel equipped, have information they required.

This contact list of a network including Workshop’s speakers and participants will be compiled and circulated at EWG. The summary report will suggest next steps (future APEC workshops, seminar, events, capacity building, study, research, survey etc.) based on the discussions of the Workshop. Such summary report will be submitted to EWG.

Project Overseers

Ms Pham Quynh Mai
Ministry of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam
Email: maipq@moit.gov.vn

Ms. Pham Quynh Mai got her Master Degree in the University of Sussex, the United Kingdom. She was the Vice Chair of the CTI in 2006. Since 2018, she has been the Senior Official of Viet Nam for APEC.

Ms Vu Lien Huong
Ministry of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam
Email: huongvl@moit.gov.vn and patbeo81@gmail.com

Ms Vu Lien Huong got her Master Degree in the University of Leeds, the United Kingdom. Since 2003, she has been actively engaged in APEC cooperation activities, including those under the Committee on Trade and Investment, SOM supervision, SCE and APEC Ministerial processes etc. She is the Representative of Viet Nam in CTI.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Consultant: will assist in finding location and developing General Information note of the Workshop; work in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; take notes of presentations and discussions during the Workshop; assist in executing the 2-day Workshop and holding possible side-line event; develop and finalize the summary report of the Workshop with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters (240 hours total), seek APEC Funding.

Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project.

Waiver to fund governmental officials from non-travel eligible member economies, non-APEC members and representatives of international organizations as speakers for airfare and per diem

Most of the time, even non-travel eligible member economies government officials are subject to budgetary constraints as such, withdrawal of commitment from the project is unavoidable. PO will seek for EWG’s approval in case of non-member participants/speakers attending the Workshop.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

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