Project Title

Capacity Building Workshop on Strategic Framework on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs and Its Action Plan 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

CTI 11 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 11 2018A 

Project Title

Capacity Building Workshop on Strategic Framework on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs and Its Action Plan 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains (FTAAP and GVCs) 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

109,707 

Co-funding Amount

9,000 

Total Project Value

118,707 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; Chile; China; Malaysia; Mexico; Peru 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2018 

Expected Completion Date

30/06/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

William Powers 

Job Title 1

Chief Economist and Director, Office of Economics 

Organization 1

US International Trade Commission 

Postal Address 1

500 E St. SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA 

Telephone 1

(1-202) 7085405 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

William.Powers@usitc.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Lin Jones 

Job Title 2

International Economist 

Organization 2

US International Trade Commission 

Postal Address 2

500 E St. SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA 

Telephone 2

(1-202) 7085405 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

lin.jones@usitc.gov 

Declaration

William Powers and Lin Jones 

Project Summary

The United States will organize the 4th capacity building workshop under the APEC Trade in Value Added (TiVA) Database initiative. It is to build APEC economies’ capacity to understand global value chains (GVCs) in the APEC region and use TiVA statistics for GVC-related policy analysis and assessment. TiVA measurement is critical in evaluating the performance of APEC economies and the potential benefits from new trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), and other economic policies. The main objectives of the workshop are to launch the APEC TiVA database and provide capacity building training to members of the participating APEC economies on (1) understanding the role of GVCs in the APEC region in terms of competitiveness, economic growth, and economic integration; (2) the access and use of the APEC TiVA database; and (3) the application of the TiVA approach and APEC TiVA database for trade and FDI policy analysis. The workshop will be held in Chile during its 2019 host year on the margins of the SOM 2 meeting.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: The development of Global Value Chains (GVCs) is important to the APEC member economies in terms of achieving three development goals - sustainable economic development, promoting good governance, and building human capital. Recognizing such importance, in 2013, APEC Leaders agreed to promote GVCs development and cooperation among the APEC region on the basis of work on connectivity. 

Having better trade in value added (TiVA) statistics is critical, as it enables more accurate measurement of APEC economies’ engagement in GVCs, and better assessment of the potential cost and benefits from new trade policies. Therefore, in 2014, APEC economic leaders and ministers endorsed the APEC Strategic Blueprint for Promoting Global Value Chains Development and Cooperation and the Strategic Framework on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs (the Framework) and its Action Plan. Leaders instructed the APEC TiVA Technical Group to complete the construction of the APEC TiVA Database by 2018. The ensuing Work Plan and the Term of Reference on the Operational Mechanism of the Technical Group specify the detailed objectives, tasks, and deliverables during the course of the APEC TiVA Database Initiative. These documents were endorsed at the meeting of APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade (MRT) and APEC Ministerial Meeting (AMM) in 2015. The capacity building program is a key component of this initiative, providing technical training workshops to participating APEC economies and serving as a platform to identify and share best practices. 

By the end of 2018, the APEC TiVA technical group will have compiled the APEC TiVA database. However, the usefulness of this database will be enhanced when member APEC economies are familiar with the TiVA approach, know how to use APEC TiVA database to conduct GVC related policy analysis, and understand key economic factors affecting GVC participation within and beyond the APEC region. This fourth capacity building workshop under the APEC TiVA database initiative will introduce participants to the broad implications of GVCs in economic development and integration; how to access and navigate the online APEC TiVA database (e.g. hosting locations, the main content and functions,); how to calculate and apply TiVA indicators to identify and map economic relationships within the APEC region; as well as how to use GVC analysis to conduct policy impact assessments and aid policy development. 

Relevance – Eligibility: This project fits the FTAAP & GVCs Sub-Fund eligibility criteria of “promote GVC development and cooperation” in two areas: “cooperating on improving statistics related to GVC” and “addressing trade and investment issues that impact GVC.” 

This project also falls under APEC Funding Criteria Rank 1 in multiple categories: Activities outlined in Global Value Chains (GVCs) Blueprint; Trade Facilitation and Liberalization; Supporting the Multilateral Trading System and the Bogor Goals Services Trade and Investment Facilitation and Liberalization; and Connectivity, including the implementation of the APEC Connectivity Blueprint on enhancing physical, institutional and people-to-people connectivity. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: This workshop aims to build the technical capacity of APEC developing economies in applying the TiVA approach to the APEC TiVA database for GVC-related trade, investment, and other economic policy analysis, identifying the best practice, and learning about the barriers in GVC engagement. The workshop will also help APEC developing economies in better understanding the economic implication of GVC participation in the areas of economic development, competitiveness, economic integration, labor market, income distribution, as well as trade facilitation.

Objectives

The key objectives of this workshop are to help APEC economies better understand economic impacts of GVCs, the application of TiVA approach for GVC related analysis, and the best practices for promoting effective engagement in GVCs. The capacity-building training is designed to build technical skills and knowledge for APEC member economies on:

1) Better understanding the economic impact of GVCs;

2) Accessing and navigating the APEC TiVA database, i.e., the main content and functions, hosting locations;

3) Calculating and understanding TiVA indicators in the APEC TiVA database, i.e. domestic and foreign value added content, forward and backward linkages; and

4) Using the APEC TiVA database and applying TiVA indicators to conduct GVC analysis for trade and FDI related policy assessment, i.e. what type of questions can be answered using this database; how to identify and map key economic relationships, such as regional integration.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project would support APEC global value chain initiatives. In 2013, APEC Leaders agreed to promote GVC development and cooperation among the APEC region on the basis of work on connectivity. That is, in 2014, at the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting, leaders endorsed the APEC Strategic Blueprint for Promoting Global Value Chains Development and Cooperation, the Strategic Framework on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs and its Action Plan. Given the technical complexity of building such a database, APEC economies agreed that a technical group would be established for the life of the project that drew upon experts from participating APEC member economies, academia, and international organizations. In May 2015, the Terms of Reference of the Operational Mechanism (ToR) and Work Plan for the Technical Group on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs (the Work Plan) were approved at the first meeting of the Technical Group and CTI2, and consequently endorsed by SOM2 and MRT. Furthermore, in a November 2015 joint ministerial statement, APEC ministers urged officials to implement the ToR and Work Plan of the Technical Group. 

This project is to fulfil the objectives and tasks laid out in the above documents, and help APEC member economies develop their statistical capacity and economic analytical skills, which would translate into better economic assessment and development of policies to effectively engage in GVCs. 

Alignment – Forum: The project is required by the Work Plan. The Action Plan on the Strategic Framework on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs laid out the objectives and timetable of the APEC TiVA initiative through 2018. The Work Plan for the Technical Group on Measurement of APEC TiVA under GVCs specifies the timeframe and corresponding deliverables, including organizing the final official technical group meeting combined with a workshop on the evaluation of GVC impact on the APEC region as well as the application and dissemination of APEC TiVA database. This capacity building project will fulfill this commitment and provide a two-day policy-oriented workshop with a focus on high-level knowledge sharing and technical training on TiVA approach with the APEC TiVA database. It also serves as a platform to discuss best practice and provide targeted technical support. Therefore, this capacity building program is essential for achieving the objectives of the APEC TiVA Initiative.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The outputs of this project include a two-day capacity building workshop, a Workshop Summary Report, and a Workshop Completion Report. Since this capacity building workshop is a component of the overarching multiple-year APEC TiVA Database Initiative, a separate but related report, the APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report, will be produced in 2019 with greater length and details.

From May 16-17, 2019, a two-day GVC and TiVA capacity building workshop will be organized in Chile on the side of Senior Official Meeting 2. The first day will consist of expert presentations and high-level policy discussions on the economic impact of GVCs in terms of economic development, integration, competitiveness, and job creations. The second day will consist of technical training sessions on the access, calculation and application of APEC TiVA database and TiVA indicators for trade, investment, and other related economic policy analysis. At the end of the second day, the 6th APEC TiVA Technical Group meeting will be held. At the meeting, key challenges experienced during the TiVA database compilation process will be discussed; best practices and perspectives on compiling the underlying data from international organizations such as the OECD, ADB, and the WTO will be shared; and recommendations to improve statistical capacity and facilitate trade and GVC participation would be drawn upon.

A 3-4 page Workshop Summary Report would be produced upon the completion of this workshop, summarizing the topics and contents discussed at the workshop, and drawing the best practice on organizing a productive, effective, and diversified workshop.

A Workshop Completion Report will be produced within the six months after the workshop, providing information on workshop participants, budget expenditure, the results, and outcomes of the workshop. 

Since this capacity building workshop is a component of the overarching multiple-year APEC TiVA Database Initiative, we would like to note that a separate but related report,  the APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report will be produced in 2019, which would be at greater length and details to discuss the technical issues, methodologies, and best practices on compiling supply-use tables (SUTs), extended SUTs, trade data, and TiVA database; the application of APEC TiVA database for GVC analysis; the policy implications in the context of GVCs; and the best practice to facilitate GVC participations. 

Outcomes: The capacity building workshop is designed to provide capacity and skills building to enable APEC economies to fully utilize the APEC TiVA database for trade and investment analysis. Additionally, the workshop will relay to participants the international best practices for constructing TiVA database and the underlying input data, as well as for facilitating trade and GVC participation. 

In the medium-term, the project will improve participating APEC economies’ technical capacity on SUT compilations, trade data gathering, data dissemination, TiVA calculation, and GVC related policy development, assessment, and analysis. The project will also help participating APEC economies deepen their understanding of the economic impact of GVCs in terms of competitiveness, inclusive economic development, labour effects, and regional economic integration, and thus resulting in better policy formulation. 

Beneficiaries: The presenters and speakers of this capacity building project will be the world well-known experts from international organizations (e.g. the World Bank, WTO, OECD, and ADB), developed APEC economies, and academic institutions. They are accomplished experts in the field of GVCs research and TiVA database compilation, with stellar records of empirical work. They will share their expertise and insights, such as the GVC effects on competitiveness, economic development, labour and income effect, and trade cost, and provide targeted and in-depth training to the participants. 

The participants of this capacity building project will be nominated by 21 APEC economies. They could be the technical officials or policy makers from statistical agencies, central banks, government agencies formulating international economics and trade policies, and relevant academics or organizations. However, they must currently work in the field that is directly relevant to this APEC TiVA database project, which could be either compiling domestic account statistics or trade statistics, or formulating trade, investment or other related economic policies, or conducting GVC analysis. And they must possess some basic knowledge or expertise in above fields. 

Major members of the Core Expert Working Team (mainly from international organizations and academic institutions) as well as the Coordination Working Team, Chair of CTI and Program Director / APEC Secretariat, and leader of FoTC on GVCs will be invited to attend the workshops either as experts or as participants.

This capacity building workshop will provide these participants with two long-lasting benefits. First, through the expert presentations and group discussions on the economic impact and policy implications of GVCs, the participants will be able to deepen their understanding of how GVC participation would affect various aspects of an economy (e.g. income, competitiveness, labour), what kind of policies would allow an economy to better capture the benefit of GVCs, and how trade barriers and associated trade cost could have a cascading effect through the GVCs. Equipped with such understanding, participants would be able to provide new perspectives in relevant policy discussion and formulate better policies after they return home. The second benefit is that participants would learn about analytical tools they could employ and apply to conduct GVC relevant policy analysis. They will serve as the key technical experts in TiVA and GVC, spill the knowledge to their colleagues, and enhance the quality of their products as well as their statistical and policy analytical capacities. 

The presentation materials and relevant papers would be compiled into a training packet and disseminated to all participants. Together with the Workshop Summary Report and the APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report, they would allow participants easy access from anywhere at whenever needed and provide references on the technical topics that have been discussed at the workshop and beyond. 

Another benefit of the workshop is that it also serves as a forum to connect participants with the world’s best experts, thus creating opportunities for networking, future collaboration, and potential technical assistance in the long run.

Dissemination

The Workshop Summary Report will be distributed to the workshop participants, APEC Program Director, CTI, APEC Secretariat and other relevant parties to provide information, statistics, content and outcome of the workshop. The Workshop Summary Report may reside in the APEC Project Database and the relevant forum website if deemed applicable and useful. 

The Workshop Completion Report will be submitted to APEC Program Director and APEC Secretariat for monitoring and evaluation purpose. 

The APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report will be distributed to all participating parties and published on the APEC Publication website.

The workshop organizers will also compile the training materials, presentation slides, and relevant papers and documents as the workshop training packet in electronic form, and will distribute it to workshop participants at the end of the workshop.

Gender

The workshop organizers will ensure the sufficient female presentation at the workshop, targeting at 40 percent and plus of female participation rate. To ensure the creation of a conducive environment and the equal representation of both men and women, necessary steps will take during the workshop planning and implementation stages:

1)  Specific effort will be placed on identifying and inviting female subject matter experts in the field, who will be sought to share their expertise at the workshop, and would be given the preferred opportunity to present at the workshop.

2)  The call for nominations from economies will place due consideration in ensuring that there are no gender biases in selection of participants from economies and that there are sufficient numbers of women nominated for the event.

3)  Gender information will be collected during the workshop participant nomination process, and the nomination of female participants will be strongly encouraged. 

This project will benefit women by providing them the targeted technical skills and knowledge training, which would help them become the subject matter experts and empower them in their corresponding institutions. 

In addition, the project proponents will ensure that the evaluation forms to be distributed at the end of the workshop will include information on gender for disaggregating of data for project assessment and will help in evaluation of specific responses of women and men. Sex aggregated data will be included in the project completion report to inform the project.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

Nov.-Dec. 2018

Assess and identify the capacity building needs and topics

Create session lists

Jan. 2019

Implement an ex-ante survey to collect information on knowledge gap and training interest

 An ex-ante survey

Feb. 2019

Draft the tentative agenda and identify expert speakers; select and confirm the workshop location and dates

The agenda draft; workshop venue reservation

Mar. 2019

Invite expert speakers; implement participant nomination process for 21 APEC economies

Participant nomination form; The tentative speaker and participant list

Apr.-May 2019

Make travel arrangement (e.g. book flights and hotels, issue invitation letter for visa application) for speakers and sponsored participants

Hotel and flight reservations; the final speaker and participant list; the final workshop agenda

May 16-17, 2019

Conduct the workshop and technical group meeting

Workshop and meeting

May 17, 2019

Conduct workshop evaluation survey

Workshop evaluation survey

May-Jun. 2019

Disseminate all training materials; draft and submit the Workshop Summary Report

The Workshop Training Packet; the Workshop Summary Report

Jul.-Sept. 2019

Draft and publish the APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report

The APEC TiVA Database Project Summary Report

Sept.-Oct. 2019

Draft and submit the Workshop Completion Report

the Workshop Completion Report

Nov.-April. 2020

Participate in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat, as required by all APEC funded projects

Risks

The following are some potential risks that would need to be appropriately managed and mitigated:

1) Generating enough interest and participation in the workshop – This is the 4th capacity building workshop under the APEC TiVA database project. In the past three workshops, we experienced the record number of participants. To ensure the sufficient interest and participation in this last workshop, we will apply the best practice learnt from the previous three workshops, engaging APEC members (and other related fora) actively and continuously throughout the different stages of the planning process. We will assign the point of contact whom the potential participants could contact directly regarding any questions, problems, and issues. We will also share the tentative workshop agenda early on with potential participants to encourage their participations. 

2)  Appropriating participants/experts/quality speakers – This will be managed by reaching out to speakers early and also actively engaging international organizations (OECD/ADB/WTO) to secure experts’ participation; and by implementing nomination and screening process with pre-set criteria to ensure the participation of targeted officials with the right training needs, skills, and experience. 

3) Economies not applying knowledge learned or adopting recommendations from the project – Other than ensuring the participants with the right skills and background to attend the workshop, we will store all of the data, training materials, methodology documents, and project report online. It will allow all APEC economies to have easy access to data and materials, and be able to share and disseminate the material with their relevant home economy parties for producing TiVA statistics or conducting GVC analysis. The website allows for all audiences to have equal and free access to the resources produced by the project for future use. We will also list all our core experts and their contact information, so participants could reach out to them directly to solicit advices, and future opportunities for collaboration and technical assistance.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The workshop organizers set up the targets of 75 percent of economy participation rate (15-16 participating APEC economies), 40 participants, 40 percent of female participation rate, 5 best practices, and 5 recommendations. Project monitoring and assessment to meet these targets will be carried out throughout the workshop implementation process:

1)  Detailed progress reports would be produced to measure the implementation process. We will report the progress to Program Director at the end of every quarter.

2)  The workshop organizers will gather statistics on these indicators during the participant nomination process and upon the completion of the workshop. These indicators will be presented in the Progress Report, the Workshop Project Summary Report and/or the Workshop Project Completion Report.

3)   An evaluation form will be circulated at the end of the workshop to provide the feedback from participants, measure the remaining knowledge gap regarding TiVA database and TiVA approach for GVC analysis, and allow the project overseers to measure attendance of women at the workshop.

4)   The Workshop Project Summary Report will be produced summarizing the workshop content and best practices, and will be disseminated among the participants to provide additional guidelines.

5)  A post-workshop survey will be conducted to collect statistics, feedback and information on best practices.

Linkages

Since the initiation of the APEC TiVA project in 2014, we have been actively engaging participating APEC economies, CTI, and international organizations such as ADB, OECD, WTO, and the World Bank. This capacity building event will be the extension of these established relations. We will invite experts from these international organizations to give presentations. We plan to expand outreaches to Brookings Institute, Duke GVC Center, and other relevant organizations to solicit their participation. 

Capacity building is one of the key components under the APEC TiVA Initiative. This workshop is the 4th capacity building workshop under this project. In the previous 3 workshops, we provided training in understanding the concept and economic application of GVCs, the technical methodologies in compiling domestic SUTs, trade statistics, regional SUTs and TiVA database, and the extended SUTs. This workshop will build upon on the outcomes of previous three capacity building workshops, focusing on applying TiVA approach for GVC related policy analysis. 

The training content of this workshop touches upon inclusive and sustainable economic development, the impact on labor force, etc., which is closely coordinated with other relevant ongoing projects, including implementing initiatives and work plans under the 10 pillars of the APEC Strategic Blueprint for promoting Global Value Chains Development and Cooperation, Promoting developing economies and SMEs integration into GVCs in major industries, etc. These working groups are welcome to participate in and benefit from this capacity building event. They will have the access to the resulting materials and data online. Since this project is focused on TiVA-based approach to measure GVCs, it is complementary rather than redundant to other GVC initiatives, and it will provide them with tools to measure performance and results.

Sustainability

The participants can apply the knowledge, skills, and expertise acquired through the workshop to their future work, either in compiling statistics, estimating TiVA indicators, or developing and analysing GVC related trade and investment policies. They can serve as the subject matter experts in their organizations and share their knowledge with their colleagues and staff; and they can access relevant papers, technical documents and data online, revisit the workshop materials, and continue to build on their expertise acquired at the workshop. And through the workshop, they can develop contacts and build a network with colleagues and experts from other economies and various international organizations for future knowledge sharing and collaboration. 

After the workshop, the participant list and their contact information will be shared; workshop materials and relevant data, papers and technical documents will be posted online that allows free, equal access; participants will be encouraged to reach out to experts with questions or potential collaboration opportunities on policy discussion, research, or capacity building. 

The progress on the outcome and impacts will be measured by a post-workshop survey sent out six months after the workshop. Based on the survey result, the organizers would determine whether there is a need for additional technical assistance actions.

Project Overseers

Mr. William Powers is a Chief Economist and Director of the Office of Economics at the U.S. International Trade Commission. Mr. Powers joined the USITC as an International Economist in 2005, and has published on empirical trade topics including trade agreements, trade financing, and global value chains. Mr. Powers holds a Ph.D. in Economics and a Master of Arts degree in Economics from the University of Michigan and a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from the University of Virginia. 

Ms. Lin Jones is an international economist at the U.S. International Trade Commission. She led the 2016 APEC TiVA capacity building workshop in Bangkok, Thailand, and helped developed the agenda for the 2017 APEC TiVA capacity building workshop in Nanning, China. She has more than 7 years of experience in trade statistics, TiVA compilation and measurement, and GVC analysis. Ms. Jones holds a master degree in Public Policy from the University of Michigan, and a master degree in International Business from the University of Sydney. 

Mr. Ross Hallren is an international economist at the U.S. International Trade Commission. He published research work on a variety of topics including GVCs, partial equilibrium modeling of trade policy, etc.  He participated in the organization work for the 2016 APEC TiVA Capacity Building workshop in Bangkok. Mr. Hallren holds a PH.D. in Economics from University of Oklahoma.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

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