Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 9 (Follow-Up PREE) 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

EWG 08 2018A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 08 2018A 

Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 9 (Follow-Up PREE) 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

63,680 

Co-funding Amount

180,227 

Total Project Value

243,907 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; China; Hong Kong, China; Mexico; Peru; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/11/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Masaomi Koyama 

Job Title 1

Director, Overseas Energy Infrastructure Office, International Affairs Division 

Organization 1

Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8931, Japan 

Telephone 1

(81-3) 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

masaomi-koyama@meti.go.jp; harada-tomio@meti.go.jp; yoshida-hiroki@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Masaomi Koyama 

Project Summary

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) responds to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9) in Fukui, Japan to promote the energy efficiency of the APEC member economies and meet the APEC's aggregate energy intensity reduction goal of 45% by 2035. 

A peer review to be conducted in PREE provides recommendations for the host economy on how implementation of their energy efficiency action plans could be improved with a view to achieving their energy efficiency goals. In PREE Phase 9, a Follow-up PREE, which is designed to assist a former PREE host economy in implementing the recommendations of the PREE review team is planned in Peru in the first half of 2019.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 9 responds directly to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9) declaration in Fukui, Japan, in which the Ministers instructed the Energy Working Group (EWG) and APERC to keep promoting energy efficiency through the PREE and the Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS); and to consider follow-up efforts, including capacity building activities, policy research support and processes to gauge the success of member economies’ efforts to implement the recommendations of these programs. 

Under the PREE Phase 1 to 4, and 6, eleven peer reviews have been conducted in New Zealand; Chile; Viet Nam; Thailand; Chinese Taipei; Peru; Malaysia; Indonesia; the Philippines; Brunei Darussalam and Mexico. PREE Phase 8 in Russia is planned to take place from October 29th, 2018. PREE reports have provided these economies with many valuable recommendations for promoting energy efficiency improvement through the establishment of goals and action plans. 

At the same time, it was found that a lack of human capacity hampers implementation of some particular recommendations, especially in developing economies. In this regard, Follow-up PREE is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the recommendations of review teams. The Follow-up PREE has been conducted in Viet Nam; the Philippines, Thailand and there is one currently in progress in Malaysia. 

Relevance – Eligibility: The continuation of the PREE and the Follow-up PREE will contribute to strengthening the APEC economies’ efforts in promoting energy efficiency improvement, as envisaged by the APEC Energy Ministers, and to achieving the aspirational goal to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45 percent by 2035 agreed by the APEC Leaders in 2011. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: Follow-up PREE is a secondary phase of the first activity. PREE in Peru was conducted in November 2010 and the review team made 51 recommendations. Follow-up PREE forms a part of the monitoring process that helps previous PREE-hosting economies implement recommendations from a previous report and provides a more detailed analysis with recommendations.

Objectives

The key objectives of PREE are to:

a)  Share information on the performance of energy efficiency policies and measures, as well as outcomes.

b)  Explore how energy efficiency goals can be effectively formulated in each APEC economy under review, taking into account the diversity of the strategies and circumstances of individual economies.

c)  Monitor progress toward achieving energy efficiency goals and the implementation of action plans. The monitoring process serves to identify recommendations that require more focus.

d)  Improve capability on energy efficiency policy development across APEC member economies.

e)  Help economies that are still in the early stages of establishing energy efficiency action plans.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  Regarding APEC’s key priorities, APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, adopted at the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Yokohama in 2010, calls for APEC to achieve five growths attributes, namely, balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth. Two of them, sustainable growth and innovative growth, directly apply to activities under the EWG. With regard to sustainable growth, the leaders agreed that APEC needs to encourage new green industries and jobs and to help establish a low-carbon society in which APEC economies maintain economic growth as well as protect the environment. In terms of innovative growth, they agreed that APEC needs to adopt policies contributing to fostering environment for innovative growth that will be increasingly crucial for future prosperity; they specifically emphasized the need for innovation in new products and services that can enhance progress on critical global issues, including the environment and energy. The PREE Phase 9 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy. 

Alignment – Forum: The APEC EMM11 declaration in Beijing in September 2014 instructed the EWG and Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEE&C) to:

·  Continue their cooperation with related organisations on energy efficiency standards.

·  Help member economies to enhance capacity building.

·  Make energy efficiency policies more scientific and practical.

·  Speed up the development, promotion and application of energy efficiency technologies and products. 

The EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 also mentions that the EGEE&C will continue to conduct the APEC PREE and hold EEP Workshops.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

Phase 9 is planned for Peru. The key outputs for PREE Phase 9 will be: 

A follow-up PREE report detailing the findings, achievements and recommendations for energy efficiency goals and action plans based on the strategies and circumstances of the host economy. The report will cover a variety of issues such as institutional framework, goals and strategy, data collection and monitoring, policy measures, education, etc. 

Additionally, since Peru hosted a PREE in 2010 which resulted in some concrete recommendations and action to be taken, this Follow-up PREE report will help to monitor on whether some recommendations from PREE were actually implemented since 2010 and which others remain a challenge.. The 2010 PREE final report included some key recommendations such as creating a designated energy efficiency agency in charge of implementing policy, developing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and enhancing public transportation systems. 

Unlike other Follow-up PREEs in which the Expert Review Team have concentrated its study in a particular sector, for instance Transportation in the Follow-up PREE in Thailand in 2015, this Follow-up PREE will try to assess the overall Peruvian energy demand. However, since the transportation sector is by far the largest and also the fastest growing in the past decade, special attention will be dedicated to its study. 

The report is expected to have around 30 recommendations and about 50 pages of length. It will be published on the APEC and APERC websites after the endorsement of EWG. 

The outputs of previous phases were: 

Phase 1: Four PREEs: New Zealand in April 2009, Chile in April 2009, Viet Nam in December 2009 and Thailand in March 2010. There were 22, 21, 40 and 34 recommendations for each economy, respectively.

Phase 2:   Three PREEs: Chinese Taipei in August, Peru in November and Malaysia in November 2010. There were 35, 53 and 41 recommendations for each economy, respectively.

Phase 3:
.  Two PREEs: Indonesia in October 2011 and the Philippines in February 2012. There were 49 and 54 recommendations for each economy, respectively.

·   The first Follow-up PREE was conducted for Viet Nam in February 2012. It assisted Viet Nam by establishing the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans as well as transfer of know-how on these methods. It was held as a workshop.

Phase 4:
·   One PREE: Brunei Darussalam in June 2013 with 47 recommendations in the final report. The EWG 46 meeting endorsed the final report in November 2013 in Da Nang, Viet Nam.

·  APERC published the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in October 2013.

Phase 5:
·   One Follow-up PREE: Thailand in August 2015 with 48 recommendations in the final report which was endorsed and published on our website in February 2016.

·  APERC published the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in May 2016.

·  APERC published the EEP Workshop Summary Report: Policy and Program Evaluation in August 2016.

Phase 6:
·  One PREE: Mexico in March 2017 with 46 recommendations in the final report. The final report was endorsed and published on the APERC website in November 2017.

·  APERC published the last full update of the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies in October 2017.

·  APERC published the EEP Workshop Summary Report: Policy and Program Evaluation II in July 2017 (Summary results of an evaluation survey implemented after the Workshop are incorporated into the Summary Report).

Phase 7:
·  One Follow-up PREE: Malaysia was held in March 2018. The final draft report will be circulated to EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 56).

·  The EEP Workshop was held in April 2018 in Washington, D.C. and focused on conformity assessment, which is the process of ensuring that a product or service meets the standards, regulations or specifications that it is designed or advertised to do. The draft summary report will be circulated to the EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 56).

Phase 8:
·  One PREE: Russia to be held in October 2018. The final report is expected to be completed in the first half of 2019, before EWG 57.

·  An EEP Workshop is expected to be held in the first half of 2019, and focused on a relevant field for energy efficiency and conservation. The draft summary report will be circulated to the EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 58.

A wide variety of experts have been involved in recent PREE Phases. They have mainly come from government, academia and international organisations (such as the IEA), with a majority having a strong background in engineering or energy efficiency policy implementation. The experts involved in PREE Phase 9 will depend on nominations but it is anticipated that they will share similar expertise to those involved in previous editions. In particular, it would highly appreciated at least a recognised expert on energy efficiency in the transportation sector (Peru’s largest one), an expert with experience on the buildings sector familiarised with similar economic development and climate-conditions to those of Peru and a local expert with profound understanding of the Peruvian energy secto.   Female expert nominationswill also be regarded particularly favourably. 

Outcomes: PREE recommendations aim to help host economies to promote energy efficiency policies and formulate them more effectively. Former host economies have implemented recommendations into their policy frameworks, a process that APERC checks through Follow-up PREEs. The findings, achievements and recommendations are presented at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with each EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the previous PREE and follow-up PREE. They are also presented at the EGEE&C meetings.

The PREE project also serves to provide host economies with experience in the review and recommendations process for local experts. As such, former PREE host economies can be sources for experts that could be invited to subsequent PREE iterations. APEC can play an essential role in strengthening the capacity building in the area of energy efficiency policy recommendation process by conducting PREE and follow-up PREE.

Peru’s energy demand has been growing quickly, more than doubling from 2000 to 2015, driven mainly by steady growth on both GDP and population. With limited renewable development other than hydropower and no nuclear facilities, growing energy demand has put stress on energy production and rising imports, particularly of crude oil and refined products. In this context, savings resulting from energy efficiency policy will not only result on substantial financial relief, but will also reduce CO2 emissions and enhance energy security.

The PREE in Peru held in 2010 presented detailed findings and recommendations but after 8 years, former and new challenges and opportunities seem to be present in the Peruvian energy sector. This Follow-up PREE expects that its recommendations and findings serve as useful inputs for the Peruvian government to implement policies that favour energy efficiency and conservation. In the medium term, it is expected that energy efficiency be included as a key pillar of Peruvian energy planning as continued economic growth and domestic energy resources depletion will further stress the economy’s energy sector dynamics.

Regarding an indicator of energy efficiency, energy intensity is often used. APERC measures the energy intensity of each APEC economy annually, and it is included in the annual publication, APEC Energy Overview, published by APERC.

Beneficiaries: 

a) The policy makers and government officials of the PREE host economies who are responsible for energy efficiency policy. They gain valuable recommendations on how to improve their energy efficiency policies, including goals and strategies, institutional frameworks, financial incentives and R&D. Other major stakeholders from the Peruvian energy sector, including representatives from government agencies, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups. In the particular case of Peru, these institutions include:

1)  Ministry of Energy and Mines

2) The Supervising Organism for Energy and Mines Investment (Osinergmin)

3)  Ministry of Transport and Communications

4)  Ministry of Environment

5)  Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation

6)  Development Financing Corporation (COFIDE)

7)  Private Investment Promotion Agency (ProInversion), among others.

b)  APEC economies can also benefit from PREE through APERC’s result dissemination efforts such as the summary report and workshop presentations. The widespread understanding of energy efficiency measures recommended in PREE in the APEC region can help to achieve the energy efficiency goals of APEC as a whole by providing best practice and leading edge thinking across the region.

c)  In the long term, businesses and consumers benefit indirectly, from lower energy costs, improved energy efficiency policy and programmes, and reduced carbon and noxious emissions.

Visiting and hosting experts will also benefit by learning from the PREE process, which in turn will help their economy in the long run.

Dissemination

The results of the PREE phase 9, hosted in Peru, will be disseminated in several forms to maximise reach and to ensure ease of access: 

a)  A detailed report will be produced and published on several platforms. The key platforms are the APEC and APERC websites, but host economies are encouraged to publish the reports on local websites, such as those of the Peruvian participating institutions.

b)  The report will also be shared with relevant APEC bodies and experts identified during the execution of the project.

c)  The results will also be shared with relevant groups including EWG, EGEDA, and EGEE&C as well as at APERC’s Annual Conference.

d)  A highly competent English speaker with experience across a number of APEC publications will be involved in collating, drafting and editing the final report to ensure language and style meets APEC standards. 

The target audience of PREE largely comprises APEC member government officials responsible for energy efficiency policies, but extends to any stakeholder involved in the energy efficiency sector in APEC economies. 

There are no plans to sell any outputs related to this project.

Gender

Women’s participation is welcomed in all aspects of this project. A significant proportion of women have been involved in the design and implementation of PREE Phases 1-8 including review experts, host economy participants and APERC researchers. APERC will continue to seek the involvement of women and will also ask the host economy to prioritise female participants in the peer review process. In previous editions, around 20% of presentations have been made by women. Similarly to the attendance goal, this edition will aim to have women make 30% of presentations. APERC will also encourage member economies to nominate highly qualified female experts and will try to have a gender balanced Review Expert Team. 

PREE in Peru will aim to develop energy efficiency policies that reflect gender-specific roles and responsibilities in Peru in order to improve outcomes.

Work Plan

Under the PREE Phase 9, one Follow-up PREE is planned to be conducted in Peru in the first half of 2019. PREE deliverables will include a Peer Review Report on Energy Efficiency for the host economy, which will include identification of barriers to the effective implementation of the action plans and the recommendations for overcoming those barriers. The report will cover a variety of issues such as institutional framework, goals and strategy, data collection and monitoring, policy measures and education. Once the report is finished, it will be circulated to EWG members for their endorsement.

The Peer Review Team will be recruited by APERC in consultation with the host economy to include experts from other APEC economies, EGEE&C and international organisations. Prior to the review team’s visit, the host economy will prepare a background briefing outlining the status of the energy sector in the host economy, as well as the economy’s current energy efficiency policies and programs. The stakeholders may be policy makers and government officials responsible for energy policies, representatives of the private sector, industry associations, academia, or non-profit organisations.

The Peer Review Team will then visit the host economy and stakeholders selected by the host economy. Over the first three and a half days, the experts will hear presentations from government officials and relevant stakeholders and then conduct site visits. The remaining one and a half days will be spent preparing and working on findings, achievements and recommendations, and providing a presentation of preliminary findings, achievements and recommendations to government officials and relevant stakeholders. After their visit, the Peer Review Team and APERC will prepare a preliminary draft review report. The host economy representatives will review the draft and provide their comments to APERC, if any. The draft review report will then be presented by APERC to EWG members for their endorsement. The results will also be reported at the APERC workshop to be held in conjunction with the EWG meetings.

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

November 2018

Recruitment of review experts

November 2018

The host economy prepares a background briefing

Background briefing (to be incorporated into Peer review Report)

March 2019

Peer review team visit to Peru

Tentative findings

June/July 2019

Peer Review Report on Peru

Peer Review Report

Within 2 months from the Project end date

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

Completed report and all supporting documents

6 to 12 months after project end date

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat, as required by all APEC funded projects

Filled out Evaluation forms

Risks

In designing the PREE project, APERC has consulted with APEC member government officials who are responsible for energy efficiency policies on the present status of their strategic goals and action plans. APERC has also consulted with experts from the EGEE&C, as well as organisations such as the International Energy Agency (IEA) on the challenges and barriers to effective policy implementation. APERC plans to continue to consult with these experts in order to manage the risks which may be involved in implementing the project. 

The key risks to the success of the project are:

a)   Lack of access to economy-specific energy data and information on policies by the peer review team. The preparation of the background briefing for the review team regarding the status of the energy sector, as well as energy efficiency policies and programs, is essential in order to conduct peer reviews on a limited time schedule. APERC will minimise this risk by closely coordinating with the host economy and asking them to provide relevant data and information well in advance.

b)   Lack of diverse perspectives when conducting the PREE. A variety of perspectives, including not only government, but also the industry and commercial sectors as well as NGOs, is essential to comprehensively examine energy efficiency policy issues and to make useful recommendations to tackle deficiencies. APERC will minimise this risk by working closely with the host economy to arrange opportunities for as many relevant stakeholders as possible to meet with the review team. APERC will also minimise this risk by interaction and consultation with APEC government officials and the EGEE&C, as well as international organisations such as IEA.

c)   Lack of energy efficiency policy experts participating in the peer review team. There are a limited number of energy efficiency policy experts from APEC economies who are available to voluntarily participate in the peer review team. To solve this problem, a register of energy efficiency experts has been developed. APERC will keep updating the register and work closely with the chair of EGEE&C to ensure that sufficient energy efficiency experts join the peer review team.

d) Changing policy priorities in Peru may generate risks for the implementation of the Follow-up PREE. The Reviwe Expert team will minimise this risk by reviewing relevant policy priorities changes after 2010 that hindered progress on energy efficiency, if any. By doing this, the team will formulate recommendations in order to learn from past experiences that were not helpful to undertaking effective energy efficiency policies. Also, APERC will try to reduce this risk by illustrating relevant linkage to Peru’s energy plan as well as to encourage the Peruvian government to adopt the key findings and recommendations from this Follow-up PREE in their future energy plan.

Monitoring and Evaluation

To measure progress, possible indicators are: 

1)  The number of recommendations made by the review team. In the PREE in Mexico in Phase 6, 46 recommendations were made. The Follow-up PREE in Malaysia (Phase 7) has 65 recommendations in its draft report. 

2)  The Follow-up PREE in Peru is a monitoring process in itself from the PREE in Peru (Phase 2) completed in 2010, as it will review the recommendations that have been actually implemented and the barriers and reason of why some of them have not. 

Therefore, the number and the extent of the 2010 PREE recommendations that are implemented is another indicator. The Review Expert Team however will need to be careful on assessing the progress on the 2010 report recommendations considering that after 8 years, both the international and Peruvian energy sector have evolved in available technologies, costs and policy priorities. The Expert team will conduct a thorough analysis as well as an examination on the implementation status of the 2010 report recommendations as well as the reasons of its failure or success. These issues will be included in the Follow-up PREE Final report with detail. 

Finally, it is important to note that the 2010 PREE did not establish any monitoring framework that is currently in place. 

3)  The number and variety of stakeholders visited by the Review Team which should include representatives from government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local governments, and other relevant groups. Previous editions of PREE have engaged with between 15 and 20 different stakeholders. This Follow-up PREE will aim for at least 15 presentations from them. 

4)  The number of energy efficiency policy experts in the review team from PREE host economies will also be sources for review experts for subsequent PREE and follow-up PREE. This number has varied across previous editions of PREE. This edition will look favourably on nominations from economies that have previously hosted PREE and aim to have at least one such representative. 

5)  The number of APERC website hits, to see if the project is successful in attracting interest. This can be monitored and compared to previous editions of PREEs. 

6)  The percentage of female participants in the project. As discussed earlier, PREE Phase 9 will aim to have female participants and presenters accounting for 30% of total attendees. 

To evaluate the success of the project, the key indicator will be the completion of the PREE review report by the team members and the endorsement of the report by EWG members. 

The PREE host economy will be invited to give a presentation on the progress of implementing the recommendations at the APERC annual conference and other APEC cooperative meetings when possible. 

We will also collect participants’ feedback through a follow-up survey on the value they perceived from the project.

Linkages

APERC continuously engages with APEC’s relevant fora, such as EGEE&C, at different stages of the process to canvas feedback and minimise duplication. Endorsement of the final report will be sought from the appropriate APEC groups prior to being released. 

Besides EWG, this report can contribute to work being undertaken by other APEC for a, such as the Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) and Human Resources Development Working Group (HRDWG). 

APERC will also consult with international organisations such as the IEA, the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB) where necessary and take full advantage of the interaction with energy experts at EWG meetings and the APERC annual conferences. 

PREE Phase 9 builds upon the prior success achieved in PREE Phases 1 through 8. Although the IEA has a program of peer reviews of energy policies for IEA member economies, there is no other peer review program focused exclusively on energy efficiency, and certainly none in which non-IEA member economies participate. 

On an economy level, the Follow-up PREE in Peru will help the government in improving energy efficiency policies. 

APEC is the only forum where leaders, industry experts, ministers and working level government officials in the Asia-Pacific region share knowledge and coordinate activities related to sustainable development and energy security. As such, it is the most appropriate forum to be studying the many issues involved in improving energy efficiency, and is the most appropriate forum to be promoting implementation of the recommendations made by the peer review team.

Sustainability

PREE is designed to sustainably improve monitoring processes, enhance capacity building and ultimately enhance energy efficiency policy implementation. Once completed, the PREE Reports will be available on APERC’s website at http://aperc.ieej.or.jp/publications/reports/pree.php, allowing easy access to the results and lessons learned. This proposal is for the 9th Phase, and 13th peer review. 

Energy efficiency improvement offers a cost-effective opportunity to promote energy security, business productivity and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore energy efficiency will continue to be the focus of the EGEE&C, as well as being reported and discussed under the agenda item “Energy Efficiency” at EWG meetings. The draft review report will first be presented at EGEE&C meetings when completed. The results and lessons from the project will also form a basis for discussions on advancing energy efficiency policies in the APEC region after APEC funding has finished. The achievements and recommendations will be reported in detail at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with subsequent EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the PREE. The implementation status of the project will also be presented at the plenary session of EWG meetings and the PO will consider arranging specific follow-up reports on the applicability of PREE policy recommendations with regard to host economy policies for EWG meetings, at the appropriate time. 

PREE has successfully identified a large number of recommendations for each economy that have led to the implementation of a number of new energy efficiency measures. These recommendations have provided a benchmark for energy efficient policy making in APEC economies, particularly host economies. PREE has also enhanced inter-economy collaborations, which have improved best practice measures in the region. In 2010, Peru took the peer review and recommendations for improvement of energy efficiency were brought by the peer review. This follow-up peer review helps Peru in implementing the recommendations, namely this is a follow-up scheme in essence. If further recommendations are found, we, as the EWG community can check whether Peru is implementing measures based on the results of the peer review, as necessary. 

The success of PREE can be tracked through the energy efficiency policy developments detailed in the annual APEC Energy Overview, published by APERC. It has a chapter discussing the current energy situation in each APEC economy, including energy supply and demand, key energy policies, notable energy developments, useful links, and further references. Another possible indicator is the overall reduction of final energy intensity in the APEC region, which between 2005 and 2015 has decreased by 18% (and most rapidly over the past three years). Although this is commendable, there are still many areas for further efficiency improvements.

Project Overseers

The main points of contact for this project are: 

Mr. Tomonori KAWAMURA
Deputy Director, International Affairs Division
Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan
Kawamura-tomonori@meti.go.jp

Mr. Diego Rivera Rivota
Researcher
Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
diego.rivera@aperc.ieej.or.jp 

Mr. Rivera Rivota worked in the PREE in Mexico (Phase 6) and the APEC Oil and Gas Security Exercise in Peru, published in 2018.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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