Phase 9 is planned for Peru. The key outputs for PREE Phase 9 will be:
A follow-up PREE report detailing the findings, achievements and recommendations for energy efficiency goals and action plans based on the strategies and circumstances of the host economy. The report will cover a variety of issues such as institutional framework, goals and strategy, data collection and monitoring, policy measures, education, etc.
Additionally, since Peru hosted a PREE in 2010 which resulted in some concrete recommendations and action to be taken, this Follow-up PREE report will help to monitor on whether some recommendations from PREE were actually implemented since 2010 and which others remain a challenge.. The 2010 PREE final report included some key recommendations such as creating a designated energy efficiency agency in charge of implementing policy, developing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and enhancing public transportation systems.
Unlike other Follow-up PREEs in which the Expert Review Team have concentrated its study in a particular sector, for instance Transportation in the Follow-up PREE in Thailand in 2015, this Follow-up PREE will try to assess the overall Peruvian energy demand. However, since the transportation sector is by far the largest and also the fastest growing in the past decade, special attention will be dedicated to its study.
The report is expected to have around 30 recommendations and about 50 pages of length. It will be published on the APEC and APERC websites after the endorsement of EWG.
The outputs of previous phases were:
Phase 1: Four PREEs: New Zealand in April 2009, Chile in April 2009, Viet Nam in December 2009 and Thailand in March 2010. There were 22, 21, 40 and 34 recommendations for each economy, respectively.
Phase 2: Three PREEs: Chinese Taipei in August, Peru in November and Malaysia in November 2010. There were 35, 53 and 41 recommendations for each economy, respectively.
. Two PREEs: Indonesia in October 2011 and the Philippines in February 2012. There were 49 and 54 recommendations for each economy, respectively.
· The first Follow-up PREE was conducted for Viet Nam in February 2012. It assisted Viet Nam by establishing the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans as well as transfer of know-how on these methods. It was held as a workshop.
· One PREE: Brunei Darussalam in June 2013 with 47 recommendations in the final report. The EWG 46 meeting endorsed the final report in November 2013 in Da Nang, Viet Nam.
· APERC published the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in October 2013.
· One Follow-up PREE: Thailand in August 2015 with 48 recommendations in the final report which was endorsed and published on our website in February 2016.
· APERC published the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in May 2016.
· APERC published the EEP Workshop Summary Report: Policy and Program Evaluation in August 2016.
· One PREE: Mexico in March 2017 with 46 recommendations in the final report. The final report was endorsed and published on the APERC website in November 2017.
· APERC published the last full update of the Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies in October 2017.
· APERC published the EEP Workshop Summary Report: Policy and Program Evaluation II in July 2017 (Summary results of an evaluation survey implemented after the Workshop are incorporated into the Summary Report).
· One Follow-up PREE: Malaysia was held in March 2018. The final draft report will be circulated to EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 56).
· The EEP Workshop was held in April 2018 in Washington, D.C. and focused on conformity assessment, which is the process of ensuring that a product or service meets the standards, regulations or specifications that it is designed or advertised to do. The draft summary report will be circulated to the EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 56).
· One PREE: Russia to be held in October 2018. The final report is expected to be completed in the first half of 2019, before EWG 57.
· An EEP Workshop is expected to be held in the first half of 2019, and focused on a relevant field for energy efficiency and conservation. The draft summary report will be circulated to the EWG members when it’s completed (expected to be in advance of EWG 58.
A wide variety of experts have been involved in recent PREE Phases. They have mainly come from government, academia and international organisations (such as the IEA), with a majority having a strong background in engineering or energy efficiency policy implementation. The experts involved in PREE Phase 9 will depend on nominations but it is anticipated that they will share similar expertise to those involved in previous editions. In particular, it would highly appreciated at least a recognised expert on energy efficiency in the transportation sector (Peru’s largest one), an expert with experience on the buildings sector familiarised with similar economic development and climate-conditions to those of Peru and a local expert with profound understanding of the Peruvian energy secto. Female expert nominationswill also be regarded particularly favourably.
Outcomes: PREE recommendations aim to help host economies to promote energy efficiency policies and formulate them more effectively. Former host economies have implemented recommendations into their policy frameworks, a process that APERC checks through Follow-up PREEs. The findings, achievements and recommendations are presented at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with each EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the previous PREE and follow-up PREE. They are also presented at the EGEE&C meetings.
The PREE project also serves to provide host economies with experience in the review and recommendations process for local experts. As such, former PREE host economies can be sources for experts that could be invited to subsequent PREE iterations. APEC can play an essential role in strengthening the capacity building in the area of energy efficiency policy recommendation process by conducting PREE and follow-up PREE.
Peru’s energy demand has been growing quickly, more than doubling from 2000 to 2015, driven mainly by steady growth on both GDP and population. With limited renewable development other than hydropower and no nuclear facilities, growing energy demand has put stress on energy production and rising imports, particularly of crude oil and refined products. In this context, savings resulting from energy efficiency policy will not only result on substantial financial relief, but will also reduce CO2 emissions and enhance energy security.
The PREE in Peru held in 2010 presented detailed findings and recommendations but after 8 years, former and new challenges and opportunities seem to be present in the Peruvian energy sector. This Follow-up PREE expects that its recommendations and findings serve as useful inputs for the Peruvian government to implement policies that favour energy efficiency and conservation. In the medium term, it is expected that energy efficiency be included as a key pillar of Peruvian energy planning as continued economic growth and domestic energy resources depletion will further stress the economy’s energy sector dynamics.
Regarding an indicator of energy efficiency, energy intensity is often used. APERC measures the energy intensity of each APEC economy annually, and it is included in the annual publication, APEC Energy Overview, published by APERC.
a) The policy makers and government officials of the PREE host economies who are responsible for energy efficiency policy. They gain valuable recommendations on how to improve their energy efficiency policies, including goals and strategies, institutional frameworks, financial incentives and R&D. Other major stakeholders from the Peruvian energy sector, including representatives from government agencies, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups. In the particular case of Peru, these institutions include:
1) Ministry of Energy and Mines
2) The Supervising Organism for Energy and Mines Investment (Osinergmin)
3) Ministry of Transport and Communications
4) Ministry of Environment
5) Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation
6) Development Financing Corporation (COFIDE)
7) Private Investment Promotion Agency (ProInversion), among others.
b) APEC economies can also benefit from PREE through APERC’s result dissemination efforts such as the summary report and workshop presentations. The widespread understanding of energy efficiency measures recommended in PREE in the APEC region can help to achieve the energy efficiency goals of APEC as a whole by providing best practice and leading edge thinking across the region.
c) In the long term, businesses and consumers benefit indirectly, from lower energy costs, improved energy efficiency policy and programmes, and reduced carbon and noxious emissions.
Visiting and hosting experts will also benefit by learning from the PREE process, which in turn will help their economy in the long run.