Project Title

Trade Facilitation by Ensuring a Safer Food Supply through Cross-Border E-Commerce  

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

SCSC 02 2018T 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

SCSC 02 2018T 

Project Title

Trade Facilitation by Ensuring a Safer Food Supply through Cross-Border E-Commerce  

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

TILF Special Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

92,610 

Co-funding Amount

107,159 

Total Project Value

199,769 

Sponsoring Forum

Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) 

Topics

Conformance; Standards 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile 

Expected Start Date

01/11/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Bi Kexin 

Job Title 1

Director General 

Organization 1

Import and Export Food Safety Bureau, The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine 

Postal Address 1

No. 9, Madiandonglu Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100088, China 

Telephone 1

86-10 82262012 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

bikx@aqsig.gov.cn; wangn@aqsiq.gov.cn; liuhanxia_cn@163.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Bi Kexin 

Project Summary

Food transported through air transportation is increasing rapidly as a part of the transformation to a digital and rapid response food trade. Some information sources indicate that chemical and pathogenic microbial contaminations have been found in some items carried through air transportation channels.

This project will:

1) examine how carriers are responding to the rise in food imported through air transportation also from the aspect of standards harmonization and implementation;

2) evaluate the effect of food imported through air transportation on food safety and food trade; and

3) explore the adequacy of existing food control systems in coping with what is perceived to be a rapidly changing landscape.

A temporary working group will be established a two-day workshop will be held to:
 
1) examine imported food safety and air transportation;

2) determine how it may differ from other modes of transportation; and

3) develop a report that will describe how each economy handles imported food safety and whether practices differ by mode of transportation.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: With the rapid increase of shipments arriving by air transportation, air is becoming a significant channel of imported foods. Food safety regulators across the APEC region are somewhat unprepared for this rapid changing landscape, and may have a limited understanding about the impact of increase in air bills of lading of imported food on food safety.  The project will examine the following questions: 

-  Is food imported through air transportation as safe as that coming from the traditional channels of import?

-  In case of a foodborne accident outbreak, will the economies’ food recall systems be able to address foods imported via air bills of lading? 

-  Do APEC economies employ the same risk assessment of imported food air bills of lading as they do other modes of transportation or shipments? 

- How to accelerate progress towards the harmonisation and implementation of food standards for goods carried through air transportation channels to improve food safety (as appropriate)? 

To support APEC’s goal of sustainable economic growth and to ensure a safe food supply while facilitating trade, this project will examine the dynamic changes occurring in food import through the increased number of bills of lading carried by air transportation and use of air transportation by shippers.  This project will focus on identifying gaps in food safety, if any, in air transportation that may have negative implications on food safety, and explore the adequacy of APEC economies’ existing food safety control systems in coping with the rapid changing landscape of food import and ultimately contribute to the harmonization and implementation of food safety standards carried through air transportation channels. An ad hoc working group will be established to examine the impact of transportation method on food safety and identify any gaps and differences of standards that may cause food safety issues in food carried through air transportation channels. Each economy will be invited to nominate two or three representative(s) to join the working group . The working group will collect evidence, and develop a report that will describe the impact of method of transport as a food supply means for food import and export on food safety. A two-day workshop will be held to examine the findings and establish appropriate policy recommendations in the margins of SOM2 in 2019. During the workshop, officials or industrial representatives with solid practical experience in food safety management  will be invited to deliver trainings for participants, which will contribute to improve knowledge and technical levels by retraining in the Asia-Pacific region.  The outcome of this project will benefit APEC member economies. 

Given that this is an emerging area with potential implications for food safety, this project will contribute toward improving understanding of this topic. There is evidence that chemical contamination and pathogenic microorganisms have been found in imported food. There have been findings that some of the foods imported through air transportation channels presented potential non-compliant food to consumers due to a lack of clarity in labelling and misrepresentation of place production of origin.  APEC food regulatory authorities need to establish a clear understanding of the impact of increased shipments of food through air transportation on food safety and suitability, while ensuring the prosperity of APEC member economies, including in the area of standards harmonisation and implementation. 

The Food Safety Cooperation Forum (FSCF) under the SCSC of CTI is a platform for food regulators, industry and other stakeholders and also has been recognized by APEC Leaders and Ministers as a priority each year since it was established in 2007. 

Relevance – Eligibility: This project fits the eligibility criteria and funding priorities for the Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation Special Account (TILF). This project focuses on food safety, which supports the goal of the FSCF to build a robust food safety system to facilitate trade.  In addition, this project will focus on the impact of imported food on food safety, including issues related to standards harmonisation and implementation, which could be evaluated and proposed as the 3rd pilot area of the FSCF Action Plan to implement APEC Regulatory Cooperation Plan, which itself has been funded by TILF for several projects in the last 5 years.

In this project, participating economies in the ad hoc working group will study and evaluation the adequacy of existing food safety control regulations and their impact of trade liberalization in the Asia-Pacific region, then develop a report with regard recommendations on international standards harmonization, the CBEC trade liberalization and food safety management in the Asia-Pacific region.Moreover, policy recommendations on food safety management through the CBEC channel will be collected and concluded in the final report, which is closely related to the Information Gathering and Analythis in Part 1 of the Osaka Action Agenda. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: With the rapidly development of international food trade, lacking of standardized management and harmonised standards has brought many serious issues on food safety status and public health. In this project.food safety regulator, industry, academia, consumer and other stakeholders from APEC economies will be invited to join in the project working group to examine the impact of increased number of air bills of lading and shipments on food safety, to collect evidence and develop a report that will describe how APEC economies are addressing the impact, if any, of the increase of shipments of imported and exported food on food safety. They will also participate in the workshop in 2019 to discuss and review the report. Either in the working group or during the workshop, senior administrative from the economies that have well-developed CBEC management experience will be invited to deliver presentations to share their high technologies and practical experience on CBEC food safety management. This project is committed to providing professional high level training for senior professionals, so that participants could retraining others when going back to their home economies. The project is also committed to strengthen regional capacity building by training-trainer. Moreover, the report development and the documents of the workshop will be circulated among APEC member economies for comments and input. The outcomes of the project will be reported to SCSC, FSCF and other related forum for information sharing. The outcomes will also be uploaded to the APEC website for all APEC member economies’ reference to understand the impact and to share best practices. The report and documents of this project could also be used as training materials for those who could not participating this activity. 

The project is to meet  APEC’s goals for capacity building to attain sustainable growth and equitable development in the Asia-Pacific region; and to reduce economic disparities among APEC economies; to improve the economic and social well-being of the people; and to deepen the spirit of community in the Asia-Pacific. 

Through the project implementation: 

1) APEC economies will better understand the food safety issues related to increased shipments of food imported and exported through air transportation and shippers s. As an important channel of transportation, this project aims to facilitate the development of shippers and traders to support a sustainable economic growth which includes the support for APEC food industry.

2)  It will assist APEC economies to improve their understanding of trade and develop policies to better manage food safety, improve the capacity of developing economies, and further reduce economic disparities among APEC economies.

3)  It will describe the impact of food imported through air transportation on food safety and share best practices to improve food safety through air transportation channel. The vision of the project is to enhance food safety, which is to improve the economic and social well-being of the people.

4) This project will enhance APEC economies’ capacity to improve food safety and will deepen the spirit of community in the Asia Pacific by improving food supply chain and sharing food safety.

5) The participants will increase their understanding level of food safety management through the CBEC channel and spread knowledge in their home economies by retraining.

Objectives

1) To develop an around 15-page report of impact of food imported through air transportation channel on food safety.

a)  To examine the changes occurring in food imported through increased air bills of lading, to discover the gaps in increased use of air transportation and consolidated shipments that may have negative implications on food safety, and to explore the adequacy of APEC economies’ existing food control systems in coping with the rapid changing landscape of food import through a working group formed by nominated representatives of APEC member economies from August 2018 to January 2019. 

b) To ensure working group representatives will be able to correctly assessing existing and potential risks in the CBEC food trade through air transportation and accurately evaluate the adequacy of existing food safety control system. 

c)  The report generated by the working group that will include the impact, background information and future challenges of food imported through air transportation channels on food safety from February 2019 to April 2019.

d)  To circulate the draft report for experts, working group representatives and FSCF members’ comments ,and collect comments and reviews to revise the draft report from February 2019 to May 2019. 

2) To conduct a two-day workshop where participants will discuss and examine the report to confirm the report in the margin of SOM 2 in 2019.

a) Food safety regulators, industry, academia and other stakeholders from APEC economies will be invited to participate in the workshop to discuss and examine the report drafted by working group. 

b) Confirm the report or how to improve the report. 

c)  To provide trainings for participants, who could get the high technology and good practices of food safety management in the CBEC trade mode through air transportation. 

3) To report outcomes to related forum by reporting and submitting the report to SCSC. 

a) To generate a 20-page  final report base on the modification and completion of the draft report, descriptions and conclusions collected from the workshop will also be included in the final report. 

b) Report the outcomes of the workshop and the Report to FSCF by the project overseer. 

c)  Report the outcomes of the workshop and the Report to SCSC or other related forum such as APEC Framework on Cross-border E- commerce Facilitation by FSCF. 

4) To strengthen capacity building in Asia-Pacific region and contribute for knowledge sharing. 

a)  Participants could get advanced technologies and best practices in the training during a two-day workshop.

b) Participants could retrain professionals, scholars, food safety regulators in their home economies with what they have learnt in this project.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The Food Safety Cooperation Forum (FSCF) under the SCSC of CTI has established a platform for food regulators, industry and other stakeholders and also has been recognized by APEC Leaders and Ministers as a priority each year since it was established in 2007. 

The project seek to address a sequence of events of food import and export through air transportation channels to examine the  changes occurring in food import through increased air bills of lading, to uncover the gaps in air shippers and transportation that may have negative implications on food safety, and to explore the adequacy of APEC economies’ existing food control systems in coping with the rapid changing landscape of food import, to develop a report on the impact and advice of on food safety. 

Alignment – Forum: The project aligns with the priority food safety capacity building of FSCF and meets the goals of FSCF to build a robust food safety system. 

The APEC Food Safety Cooperation Forum (FSCF) was formally established in 2007 with three main purposes. 

1)  Enhancing food safety and encouraging use of international food safety standards and best practices are key factors for improving public health and safety and facilitating trade in food for APEC member economies. 

2)  To accelerate progress towards these outcomes, APEC will improve and strengthen information sharing and capacity building activities in food safety by enhancing cooperation between member economies and in regional activities. 

3)  The FSCF will identify, prioritise and coordinate capacity-building activities in APEC, including the needs of developing member economies, taking into account other capacity building activities in the region. 

This project will meet the purpose of FSCF to identify the impact and ascertain the need of capacity-building in the increased use of air shippers and transportation for food trade in APEC through information sharing during the preparation of the report and at the workshop. 

The priority food safety capacity building of FSCF covers four areas: food safety regulatory systems, food inspection and certification systems, technical skills and human resource capacity, and Information-sharing and communication networks. This project will contribute to fulfil the priority food safety capacity building of FSCF by identifying the gap and impact of impact of food imported through air shippers and transportation on food safety and figure out what, if any, improvements to the regulatory system, inspection and certification, technical skill and human resource capacity, information sharing and communication networks are necessary. 

The FSCF convenes every other year and therefore took the opportunity of its fourth meeting on 13 April 2013 at SOM2 in Surabaya, Indonesia, to respond to the 2012 instruction by APEC Ministers by agreeing to an “FSCF Action Plan to Implement the APEC Regulatory Cooperation Plan” (referred to in this document as “FSCF Action Plan”).  The overall objective of the FSCF Action Plan is to promote alignment to relevant international standards and test methods wherever possible consistent with WTO obligations. This project will pilot the impact of food imported through food trade air transportation channel on food safety, which could be evaluated and proposed as the 3rd pilot area of the FSCF Action Plan to implement APEC Regulatory Cooperation Plan.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1)  The ad hoc working group will be established in October 2018, as a regional effort to understand the impact of fast-developing air transportation of food which may raise safety issues in the APEC region. Each economy will be invited to nominate two or three representative(s) to join the working group . The working group will include food safety regulators, food safety standards developers, food safety inspectors, consumer representatives, and experts from industry and academia. Also, a limited number of related private sectors, air transportation actors, shippers, e-commerce players, agencies and stakeholders from APEC member economies would be welcome to participate as well. To begin with collecting and concluting existing food safety standards and regulations of each APEC economy on CBEC or food transportation through air, the working group will be asked to have a correct understanding of this project topic. Both emails and tele-conferences will be used for convenient communication. The working group will collect relevant information and/or evidence by email regarding on impacts of increased use of air shippers and transportation as a commercial channel for food supply on food safety, as well as sharing and exchanging expertise, new insights, generated in analysing the information and evidence gathered with APEC member economies. Moreover, the working group will be expected to analyse risks caused by various food trading mode and in deferent sales mode of CBEC. China will be responsible for collecting and concluting  information from emails and generate documentations for futher discussions. The documentations will be modified base on comments and reviews gathered from representatives and experts. After several rounds of modifications and discussions, an initial report will be completed. Considering the specific situation, tele-conferences will be carried out for promoting efficiencies of communication.

2) A report will be drafted by China concluding and describing impacts of sales methods and trade modes on import and export food safety based on the information gathered by the working group. Moreover, food sfety issues and potential risks caused by lacking of harmonised international standards will also be included and discussed in the draft report. The drafted report will be circulated to representatives, experts and FSCF members for their comments and contributions. The report will be revised according to collected comments and submitted to the workshop for review and discussion. After three months of discussions and information gathering, an around 15 pages of report will be expected to be completed. To do so, the working group need to spend a couple of weeks and about two staff of China Secretraite will be required to work for the whole period.

3)  A two-day workshop will be held on the margins of 2019 SOM2 in Chile, with wide participations of APEC economies to discuss evaluate and examine the recommendations of the report. In this project, participants  will be highly encouraged to propose  both policy recommendationsand technical recommendations . The next-stage work will be discussed at the workshop for the need of APEC economies in better managing food safety through the food trade air transportation channel and better utilisation of the food transportation channel.On the next stage, recomendations will be used to contribute to realize regional food safety standards hamonisation and its implementation, and  help make up defects in the existing regulation system. 

Possible topics for the workshop are as follows:

a) Potential risks in the existing food control system and their countermeasures.

b) Evaluationof existing food safety regulations and standards to CBEC food safety management in each economy.

c) Cooperation of standards harmonisation on food safety in the Asia-Pacific region.

d) Influences of logistics and sales mode on food safety in CBEC.

e) Differences between traditional trade mode and CBEC on food safety control and management. 

4) Recommendations concluded from the initial report will form a confirmed final report, the final report could be seen as the development and completion of the initial report.The Final Report will be subsequently finalized based on consolidation of workshop notes, generalization and summarization of workshop discussion and participants’ feedbacks, and generating appropriate recommendations as part of the report. The recommendations may outline suggestion to address the challenges, future action to improve effectiveness of food safety control practices in the Asia-Pacific region. 

Outcomes: Potential outcome of the project will be as follows:

1) The project expects to advocate the process of equivalent recognition of regulations and standards on food safety to promote regional trade cooperation and regional economic development. 

2) The project expects to generate an assembly of specific risk points on food safety control in the CBEC sales and transportation mode. 

3)  The project will raise awareness among APEC member economies on the impacts of growth in air bills of lading and use of air shippers and transportation as a channel of imported and exported food and its impact on food safety, and will generate a set of useful policy recommendations to achieve better utilization/management of imported air shipments to ensure food safety. 

4) The project expects to identify relevant international standards and best practices, and identify special investigation techniques and best measures in e-commerce food safety inspection cases. 

5) The project expects to advance pragmatic cooperation, including in the area of food safety standards and/or regulations in the Asia-Pacific region. 

6) The project expects to outline suggestion to address the challenges and hazard assessments to improve the effectiveness of food safety management practices, including for the standards harmonisation and implementation in the Asia-Pacific region.

Beneficiaries:

1)  Direct participants and users of the outputs:

The working group and workshop will call for officials and experts from APEC member and non-member economies, related international organizations and agencies, as well as representatives from industry and academia. Moreover, related private sectors, air transportation providers, shippers, e-commerce players, agencies, consumers and other stakeholders from APEC member economies would be welcome to participate as well. 

The project seeks to attract participation from senior ranking officials from federal, state, provincial and local levels, whose main responsibilities are making decisions, producing and implementing standards and regulations related to food safety, as well as oversight of related government institutions regarding air transportation, shippers, and food safety management system. Academics and scholars who are specialists in policy and strategy making, food inspection and food safety, standards harmonisation and implementation will be invited to introduce current studies and leading investigative technologies in the workshop. In addition, executives of senior management from leading global food companies will be invited to the working group and workshop to share their practical experience working in partnerships with governments to ensure food safety through  the air transportation channel. The air transportation, shippers, and e-commerce players, and consumers could share their real practical experience and suggestions on the food trade in APEC. 

The intended beneficiaries of the project will be relevant government officials, operational staff form policy and standard enforcement agencies, senior management from leading food companies, e-commerce consumers and academics in food safety management in Asia-Pacific economies. Participants will benefit from this project through the sharing of experience and information and knowledge/practical experience gained in the workshop on the e-commerce food trade  safety management area. 

Through knowledge and experience sharing,  regulation and standard enforcement/implement officials will have an improved understanding of the potential food safety implications of food  transported by air transportation and shippers.. Industry can use the knowledge gained in this project to implement best practices regarding food safety with their companies. Moreover, academics and scholars are expected to share information and knowledge which was discussed in this project to realize sustainable training in their local economies. Consumers will be better informed.  Also, the report of the project could be used as a reference and supporting the development of international organizations, relevant agencies and developing economies in the Asia-Pacific region. 

Women play an important role on food shopping and preparing. They could participate in the project directly or share the information through websites of APEC and/or FSCF. The outcomes of the project could help them to figure out the potential issues related to food safety and help them avoid the potential risk.

Dissemination

A report will be developed, circulated for comments before April 2019 and discussed in the workshop on the margins of SOM2. The report will contain information regarding the background information, future challenges, best practices, summary of workshop discussion, and recommendations for effective e-commerce food safety management practices, including standards harmonisation and implementation. Hard copies of the related documents will be provided to all the workshop participants for discussing. The report will be re-circulated after the workshop to reflect new information discussed during the program before being finalized.  The report would also have to be reviewed by FSCF members and the SCSC and quite possibly other APEC e-commerce groups. A printed copy of the report will be distributed to APEC economies, international organisations and scholars as required. However, for wider dissemination, an electronic version of this report will be made available to APEC website and or FSCF website. As the other means of disseminating outputs, universities and research agencies will be freely able to adopt the report into their existing curricula or case studies as needed. Additionally, the report of the project could be used as a reference and supporting the development of other projects or programs within international organizations, relevant agencies and economies in the Asia-Pacific region. 

Representatives of APEC economies will be encouraged to attend the workshop session to share knowledge and hands-on experience regarding food safety management directly. The target audience includes those who directly or indirectly work or have an expertise in the fields of food safety management, food inspection, food trade and the  regulation or standard development and enforcement of food safety in the Asia-Pacific region and other region with similar concerns. Senior ranking government officials, academics, scholars, senior management and regulators are the target audience of the workshop and report. 

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

Women and men are affected by food safety issues alike. For the working group and workshop, participants will be recruited to reflect those with strongest ability and professional knowledge to the subject matter, without any preferences. Where subject areas may indicate divergences in male and female perspectives, the agenda will be structured to allow all perspectives to be elaborated. Both male and female participants will benefit from the sharing knowledge and practical experience, and hence gaining a deeper understanding of  food safety management of e-commerce food  trade and be better equipped to overcome gaps, if any, in the existing food safety system.

Considering the fact that the majority of food buyers are women, it is natural that more women personnel have sound knowledge and experience regarding the food safety issues. In this light, the project encourages the participation of women to share their knowledge and opinion, especially help develop the study in gender perspective. Therefore, women could gain more knowledge that can benefit for ensuring food safety of daily consuming.

From previous project experience, women are highly engaged in the food industry and administration agencies. Thus, it is guaranteed to have at least 30% female participants and we would continue working forhaving more female representatives joining in this project. Moreover, the workshop will be designed to have two female representatives to deliver presentations on her point of view of food safety status in the CBEC channel. The suggest topics could be around safety issues of infant milk powder purchased through the CBEC channel. We commit to collecting sex-disaggregated data in this project. 

The project is committed to collecting sex-disaggregated data. This information will help the PO evaluate if the goal of gender equality was achieved. In addition, it will assist future POs in the sector to evaluate and adjust their projects to achieve gender parity.

Work Plan

Timeline

How it will be implemented

Related outputs

August - October 2018

Working group members’ nomination.

Draft and send out invitations to FSCF member economies for working group members’ nomination.

Communicate with FSCF economies for working group members’ nomination.

Confirm the working group members.

Working group

November 2018 - January 2019

Carry out discussion as follows in working group:

·  status of food safety through air transportation channel

·  major difficulties and opportunities of increased air bills of lading on food safety

·  collect evidence, if any, that may have negative implications on food safety management caused by lacking of harmonized standards and poor implementation through air transportation and shippers channel

·  discover any gaps on food safety management especially for standards harmonization and implementation

·  explore the adequacy of APEC economies’ existing food control systems especially for standards harmonization and implementation of food trade

As preliminary inputs, the discussion and examine results for the report development.

February 2019 - April 2019

Draft a report on the impact of air transportation and shippers on food safety (about 15 pages)

·  Draft a report that will describe the impact, if any, of food imported through air transportation and shippers on food safety.

·  Circulated for comments in working group.

·  Circulated for FSCF member economies comments.

·  Revise the Report according to collected comments.

Draft report for review by the workshop.

February 2019 - May 2019

Preparation of the Workshop

·  Draft and send out invitations to FSCF economies.

·  Funded participants from eligible economies nomination and confirm.

·  Draft agenda, facilitators and speakers invitation and confirm.

·  Funded speakers confirm.

·  Logistic arrangements.

·  Documents preparation, PPT or presentation materials collection and review.

Invitation letter

Nomination form

Draft agenda

Funded participants list

Funded speakers list

Documents list

At the margins of SOM2 2019.

Carry out a two-day workshop.

- Trainings will be carried out by workshop presentations.

- Female speakers will be invited to give presentations around food safety issues of infant milk powder purchased through the CBEC channel in the workshop.

Confirm the approved Report if FSCF economies reach consensus.

Draft outcomes of the workshop.

Report outcomes in FSCF Conference.

Workshop materials and outcomes.

June 2019 to December 2019

Sort out documents and share them through website.

Revise or confirm the Report if necessary.

Draft monitoring/evaluation report.

Implement budget.

Develop the Final Report (about 20 pages).

Monitoring/Evaluation Report 

Final Report

Within 2 months from project end date

The drafting, endorsement and submission of the Completion Report and all supporting document to the Secretariat.

Completion Report

6 to 12 months after project end date

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat

Risks

We view the risks of the project as low.

1)  Lack of attendance from APEC economies: Invitations will be made months prior to the workshop to ensure the well participation. Travel expenses of 11 eligible economies will be funded by the project. The establish of the working group will also improve the participation of the workshop. 

2)  Poor quality speakers in the workshop: The PO will work closely with APEC member economies, co-sponsoring economies and other international organizations to ensure the selection of good speakers. Some criteria will take into consideration, e.g. experience, qualifications, level of expertise. 

3)  Low interest in participation of experts: There is a possibility that some regulators or experts may not be able to attend the workshop. Invitations will be sent months prior to the workshop. The sponsor and co-sponsor economies will liaise with related organizations, so that organizations can appoint other experts to ensure the attendance. 

4)  Delays or untimely preparation: A work plan is set up to schedule and monitor the progress of the project, where timelines are estimated for each phase of the project. The PO will work closely with member economies and participants by regular email and conference call to avoid delays or untimely preparation.

The less discussion in the workshop: The documents will be discussed in the workshop will be circulated to participants beforehand. Participants will be advised to review and collect comments in their economies.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Project Overseer and lead economy will be responsible for tracking progress, which includes the distribution of a project report and participant evaluations.  Feedback received will be used to make adjustments throughout the life of the project.  The FSCF Secretariat will also work alongside project overseer and economy leads to facilitate and coordinate the work. 

The working group and workshop will be built on work and efforts previously undertaken. Overall, the workshop will contribute to building capacity in food safety and enhancing trade in the region as mentioned above. The activities to be undertaken in each element of the project will drive towards achieving the overall objective and goals of the APEC FSCF. The Project Overseer will cooperate with FSCF members as well as with other stakeholders to ensure that each activity within the project is well executed and meets its goals and objectives. 

A survey for the evaluation of the workshop will be carry out at the end of the workshop to collect accurate and measurable information to allow the Project Overseer to make relevant adjustments and amendments into the future. The survey questionnaire will generate based on the following questions:

a)  The objectives of the training were clearly defined.

b)  The project achieved its intended objectives.

c)  The agenda items and topics covered were relevant.

d)  The contenct were well organised and easy to follow.

e)  Gender issues were sufficiently addressed during the implementation.

f)   The speakers were well prepared and knowledgeable about the topic.

g)  The materials distributed were useful. 

The project will be evaluated by the following indicators:

1) Working Group:

a)  Number of APEC economies participating in the working group.(more than 10)

b)  Number of representatives of the working group.(more than 20)

c) How often the group members will meet? (The working group is designed to communicate by email every week, if needed there will have remote video conference and/or tele-conferences. China group members can have meetings at least 5 times/month)

d)  Whether the group will produce a report that includes all the contents planned in the proposal?

2) Draft Report

a)  Whether the draft report will meet the goals and contents planned in the proposal?

b)  Numbers of comments and reviews collected from experts, APEC economies and the working group.(more than 20)

3) Workshop

a)  Number of APEC economies participating in the workshop (more than 10)

b)  Number of participants in the workshop (more than 20)

c)  Number of speakers in the workshop (more than 5)

d)  Satisfaction rate of participants (more than 85%) 

4) Final Report

a)  Numbers of problems identified in the existing system

b)  Whether the report will meet the goals and contents planned in the proposal?

c)  Numbers of recommendations concluded in the final report.(more than 10)

Linkages

Other APEC and non-APEC stakeholders could share the outcomes of the project through website of APEC and FSCF. For the key representatives from non-APEC economies or international organizations or bodies, they will be circulated among APEC member economies and contribute to the workshop once approved by APEC secretariat. The work will not duplicated by confirming by APEC Secretariat and FSCF Secretariat. FSCF has cooperated with Wine Regulatory Forum (WRF) and will invite WRF representatives participate in the workshop to promote cross fora collaboration. The FSCF has established a positive and influential cooperation with the WRF, particularly in the work of the APEC Regulatory Cooperation projects in export certification and pesticide MRLs in the implement of FSCF Action Plan. The project will submit a report to SCSC and related forum or project to contribute to APEC Framework on Cross-border E-commerce Facilitation.

Through the capacity building activities, there is continued collaboration and engagement in the FSCF and PTIN work through participation/representation/input at the meetings of the Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS), the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and the Blue Economy (HLPDFSBE), Oceans and Fisheries Working Group, and Advanced Technology Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG). The APEC FSCF also has regular direction and positive feedback from the Chair of the Sub-Committee on Standards and Conformance (SCSC) and has been recognized in the Leaders and Ministerial Statements since its establishment in 2007.

This project is firstly initiation to find the impact of food imported through increased air bills of lading on food safety. It does not duplicate other work and will contribute to food safety.

Lastly, APEC is the best source for these funds because of the importance of safe food trade and the economic benefits in the APEC region.

Sustainability

The proposed suite of APEC FSCF events reflects the agreed priority work areas of the FSCF and its PTIN, which are evaluated and reconfirmed when APEC FSCF meet. These priorities support improved food safety systems in APEC economies, enhanced food supply chains, better laboratory practices, and use of science-based international standards.  The long term benefit will be facilitated trade and improved public health outcomes for the region. 

Through knowledge and experience sharing during the group work and the workshop, regulation and standard enforcement officials will have an improved level of capacity in understanding any current issues related to food import and export in APEC economies. The senior management from industry could use the knowledge gained in this project to implement best practices and harmonized standards regarding food safety with their companies. Moreover, academics and scholars could share information and knowledge which was discussed in this project to realize sustainable training in their home economies. Also, the report of the project could be used as a reference and supporting the development of international organizations, relevant agencies and less developed economies in the Asia-Pacific region. The project would also strengthen the role of the FSCF as providing a platform, in which regulators , experts of the industry and academia, private sectors and stakeholders within Asia-Pacific region are willing to participate in the sustainable food safety management projects, and make more knowledge and experience transfer.If possible, following workshops, other activities will be held in the future, to continue the discussion and collaboration among APEC economies, which will further extend the effect and impact of this project. The Progress on outcomes could be measured by a survey, if necessary and by assessment of the actual changes in food safety systems in the APEC economies. 

The food safety work under the FSCF has shown measurable success in effecting regulations/standards and technical improvements in a number of economies. Many economies have been active leaders of specific work streams, including Australia (incident management and MRL Roadmap), Canada (allergens), Chile (food safety regulatory systems and AMR), China (proficiency testing and industry-regulator cooperation), Indonesia (importance of SMEs), Korea (risk-based inspections), and United States (Export Certification Roadmap, aquaculture train the trainer, industry-regulator cooperation) and so on.  The previous demonstrated success of the Multi-Year Project (M CTI 03 12A) approach from 2013-2015, has shown the ability of the FSCF to drive and build on work already completed and demonstrate its effectiveness. The outputs of FSCF will also have demonstrable effect, particularly through its Action Plans on Regulatory Cooperation in export certification and pesticide MRLs. This project will study the impact of food imported and exported through air transportation  on food safety, which could be evaluated and proposed as the 3rd pilot area of the FSCF Action Plan to implement APEC Regulatory Cooperation Plan.

Project Overseers

Mr. BI Kexin as the Project Overseer, will manage the project, including managing of contractors and specialists involved. Mr. BI Kexin is the Director General of Import and Export Food Safety Bureau of the General Administration of Customs, P.R. China. Mr. Bi started his career in the Food Safety Bureau immediately after graduation, and has held positions in the Comprehensive Affairs Office and the Food Safety Division. Mr. Bi temporarily worked in Guilin city as the Vice Mayor in 2015.  He was appointed the Director General in 2017. Mr. Bi obtained his Master’s Degree of Veterinary Science in the China Agricultural University.

Mr. WANG Ning, Dr. WANG Shiwen and Dr. LIU Hanxia from China, Mr. Steve Crossley and Mr. Hong Jin from Australia, Mr. Fernando Catalán from Chile are the main contacts of this project.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Short-term clerical assistant will serve for collecting information from working group, comments from APEC economies and drafting conclusion for the collecting information.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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