Project Title

Efficient and Sustainable Use of Water for Agriculture under the New Climate Scenarios as a Contribution to Food Security 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

PPFS 04 2018 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

PPFS 04 2018 

Project Title

Efficient and Sustainable Use of Water for Agriculture under the New Climate Scenarios as a Contribution to Food Security 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

159,332 

Co-funding Amount

20,000 

Total Project Value

179,332 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) 

Topics

Food Security 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru 

Expected Start Date

01/05/2019 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Monica Rodriguez Bueno 

Job Title 1

Coordinator of the Policy Unit, National Irrigation Commission 

Organization 1

Ministry of Agriculture 

Postal Address 1

Av. Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, No. 1449, 4th Floor, Santiago, Chile 

Telephone 1

56-2 24693438 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

monica.rodriguez@cnr.gob.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Monica Rodriguez Bueno 

Project Summary

In support to APEC’s 2018 priority of Papua New Guinea: “Promoting Sustainable and Inclusive Growth”, Chile is seeking APEC funding to conduct a Seminar and Field Trip on building competences to address urgent climate change issues and the already observed adverse effects on water availability for smallholders’ agriculture.

Activities would consist in a Seminar and Field Trip, to be held in Chile in 2019.

Participants from APEC economies (authorities, experts, farmers and academia) will have the opportunity to learn about successful innovative experiences on the efficient and sustainable use of water for agriculture.

The Seminar will be held on August 2019 in Santiago (Chile) to learn from the experts, followed by two days of field trip to see the best experiences.

Also, the participants will have the opportunity to learn about each other experience and build regional capability to address common challenges.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: In order to give continuity to the work on efficient and sustainable use of water in agriculture, Chile is seeking APEC funding for a new project, this time focused on innovation and water use efficiency techniques.

The effects of climate change have been increasing in recent years. They are causing serious problems in the world population and food security i.e. farmers are already experiencing the negative impacts on their production due to changes in the regime of global precipitation and temperatures patterns. The effects of rising trends in global temperatures have been defined as global warming. This anthropogenic-induced process is strongly related with droughts that impact food production. The global warming has been also related to variations of precipitation intensity, and precipitation accumulation which produces extreme hydrometeorological events (i.e. flash floods or debris flows). These events, impact the society, the ecosystems, and the food security.  Another critical factor in all the APEC economies that affect the agriculture sector is the access to energy supplies for the operation of irrigation systems. This is one of the biggest barriers for the agriculture development.

The project “Smallholders Response, to new climate change scenarios regarding the sustainable water use as a contribution for food security” executed by our economy during 2017, identified three major gaps: (1) a lack of funding for adaptation initiatives, such as sustainable water management, (2) a lack of knowledge, regarding information gaps for knowledge construction, as well as the transfer of this knowledge to decision-makers, and (3) a lack of technologies to improve the efficiency of different processes, such as local adaptation measures. Often, these gaps are usually linked, and they are not independent. A final key aspect associated across many economies is the continued gaps in technical expertise, due to a lack of trained personnel, a lack of regional and local models, or a lack of technical capability. Although the gaps were not the same across the economies, all the economies understood the importance of responding to them, especially due to the approaching impacts from climate change. For this reason, we want to focus this project to looking the technologies and practices for the efficient use of water irrigation.

With this initiative, Chile wants to improve the cooperation between the APEC economies, specifically looking for the interchange of concrete experiences and recommendations towards the developing of sustainable agriculture against climate change, through the efficient use of water in the agriculture sector and the use of renewables energies.

Relevance – Eligibility: The project is in concordance with the policy priority n°2: “Promoting Sustainable and Inclusive Growth” and the PPFS work plan: “Enhancing food security and sustainable agriculture in response to climate change”. The Project continue to foster APEC cooperation on sustainable use and integrated management of land and water resources, and considers to Exchange information about water efficient use, recharge the aquifers, sea water desalination and rainwater capture for the irrigation security.

Relevance – Capacity Building: This Project is looking to improve the cooperation between the APEC economies and share capacities against the climate change for a better agriculture and food security, promoting and renewable energy.

The proposal will allow to generate capabilities that will be transfer among APEC members, through activities that will be carried out in Chile. The Seminar will bring experts on policy and technical knowledge water use for food security and the field trip will show the best experiences and transferrable technologies on efficient use of water, especially for agricultural irrigation.

Objectives

The aim of the project is the contribution to the efficient and sustainable water use for the agriculture, especially irrigation. This will be done through the analysis of the successful cases, innovative experiences, for example, new sources of water or renewable energy use for the agriculture and groundwater recharge.                                                                                               

Specifically, the project contributes to strengthening the capacities in:

1) Efficient use of water on the agriculture, especially water management and technology for irrigation.

2)   New efficient and sustainable technologies and sources of water for irrigation.

3)   The efficient use of renewable energy in the agriculture.

4)   Learn from private sector experience

5)   Recommendations on policies, to support private sector efforts and disseminate innovations and best practices and experiences.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  This project responds directly to the Papua New Guinea´s priority on “Promoting Sustainable and Inclusive Growth” trough the food security and sustainable agriculture in response to climate change. Second, this project directly responds to the Da Nang Declaration, Vietnam, November 2017: “under the theme Creating New Dynamism, Fostering a Shared Future, determined to take bolder and sustained collective actions to inject new dynamism into APEC cooperation to promote sustainable, innovative and inclusive growth, deepen regional economic integration, realize the full potential of the business sector, particularly micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs), and enhance food security and sustainable agriculture. Third, this project is completely in line with the 4 Ministerial Declarations on Food Security, especially 2016 Piura Declaration: “we encourage economies to share best practices in water use and governance, considering multi-sectoral and multi-level perspectives. We will foster APEC cooperation for the sustainable use and the integrated management of water resources” and “we call on economies to strengthen our efforts to increase capabilities on climate change adaptation and mitigation suited to different economies”. This project also fits within the Framework for Multiyear APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change (Strategic theme N°2. “Cooperation on best practices, which could include cooperation and capacity building on application of practices in such areas as specific agriculture and aquaculture sectors, water management, and improving capacity on extreme weather and drought impact reduction, risk assessment and risk management”) and the APEC Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth (specific objective of “conserve and enhance natural resources and promote their sustainable use by applying policies for the integrated management of resources… in particular water, in the context of climate change”, both welcomed by Food Security Ministers in Piura, 2016.

Furthermore, this work is built on three other PPFS projects as it aboard complementary issues to:

·  Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change (United States).

·  Challenges for water and food security, in a context of climate change in the APEC region (Peru).

·  Smallholder´s response to new climate change scenarios regarding the sustainable water use as a contribution to food security (Chile)

Alignment – Forum: This project response to PPFS Work Plan 2018-2022 by incorporating topics such as enhancing food security and sustainable agriculture in response to climate change, especially in the following items: Sustainable management of natural resources, to continue to foster APEC cooperation on sustainable use and integrated management of land and water resources and Agriculture and Food Market item; Food Loss and Waste Control; and Food Safety. 

The project contributes to the implementation of APEC Food Security Business Plan 2014-2020 (objective 3: “strengthen resilience of agricultural producers including smallholders” and objective 4: “promote sustainable management of natural resources, increase resilience to natural disasters and global climate change” of goal 1: “sustainable development of agriculture and fisheries”) and of APEC Food Security Road Map Towards 2020 (“ensuring sustainable management of natural resources such as land and water”, “facilitating technology transfers and best practices sharing in the area of sustainable management of land and water resources”, “increasing resilience to natural disasters and global climate change”, “promoting agricultural production practices that assist in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate change”).

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The outputs of the project includes; 

1)   A preliminary report based on the information on the efficient use of water from agriculture in the APEC economies. The report will be carried out by the contractor, and it will make a “desk research”. It will be investigated the sponsoring economies and the interested economies. The contract will make a selection of the best projects for improving the efficient of water use for agriculture based on criteria to be established by the sponsoring economies and the interested economies.

2)  One day of seminar: includes presentations of best experiences about water efficient in agriculture. The experiences presented will result in projects sheets, with the specific information each initiative. The experts will be academics, authorities, private sector representatives, and farmer’s representatives, who have innovative projects. The seminar contemplates around eight presentations in one day. The purpose of this activity is to bring together many of the ideas from the seminar, and this ideas can be replicated in APEC economies.

3)  Two days of field trip: to see the interesting experiences of Chile in irrigation systems and technology application for water. The experiences include video and informative brochures about the projects. The field trip is planning during two days, because Chile have different realities in regard to agricultural production, and is important visit the north during first day and the south during the second day. 

4)  This proposal will develop a final report including all the work done during the seminar, but especially focused on the best experiences and innovation projects. This report is expected to be a supporting tool for decision making in order to establish public policies aimed to support agricultural productive processes under new climate change scenarios, and includes results and conclusions. 

Finally, a brochure of technical profiles will be considered: all the information about experiences and projects will be compiled and summarized in technical profiles. This brochure is a digital publication, and it contents should be no longer that 20 pages. This brochure aims to visualize and promote the efficient use of water in agriculture through technical sheets of successful experiences. It will be published on the APEC website.

In addition, a final survey will be carried out for the ex post evaluation of the project.

Reporting, and other written outputs associated with this project, which will be publically available, must be presented to the Secretariat in a standard of English which requires no further copy-editing. The Final Report and other reports, which will be distributed and published as an APEC publication, must be prepared in accordance with the Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Logo Guidelines. Where contracted labour is used to produce reports or other written outputs, contractor terms of reference must state that all will be presented in a level of English fit for publication and require no further copy-editing by the APEC Secretariat. 2. If an author (PO or contractor) is unable to fulfill this requirement, it is advisable to have a copy editor read and edit the public documents related to this project, especially the final report to be distributed and published on the APEC website. This will ensure that language nuances are checked and the quality is within the APEC standard. 

Outcomes: This project is expected to increase the availability of information to generate new policies aimed to improve adaptive capacity. This information will be based in the elaboration of supporting tools to be used by private sectors, but specifically to allow farmers an efficient and sustainable water use for the development of productive processes under new climate change scenarios. The activities proposed by this project are also expected to provide valuable inputs for the public and private investments in terms of including the new climate scenarios in the productive processes. The final objective of these activities is improving food security in the APEC economies. In addition, it is also expected that the results generated by the seminar and field trip will be useful for future research, especially those funded by public agencies. 

Specifically, the project contributes to strengthening the capacities in:

1)    Efficient use of water for food security.

Reviewing of successful cases and innovative in the efficient water use for agriculture, like telemetry, sensors, control of the crop evapotranspiration, groundwater infiltration, etc. This project will study the best experiences of the APEC economies and their possible implementation in other economies.

2)   New efficient and sustainable technologies and sources of water for irrigation.

Reviewing of new resources of water irrigation, for example sea water desalination or rainwater capture, and waste water recycling. This project will be study the best experiences of the APEC, their production cost, results and recommendations.

3)   The efficient use of renewable energy in the agriculture.

For the productive and sustainable agriculture, it is necessary to have irrigation systems with sufficient quality and quantity energy. Lack of energy it is a recurring problem in the agriculture in many cases of APEC economies and this situation conducting to evaluate the incorporation of the renewables energy to the irrigation systems.

4)   Learn from private sector experience

A fundamental actor in the efficient and sustainable use of the water resources in agriculture, is the private sector. Many smallholders and big companies have extensive experience on efficient water use, including developing and disseminating beneficial innovations to increase water use efficiency and improve water management. This project considers the participation of the private sector in the field trip and seminary in order to know their experiences, recommendations and results.

5)   Recommendations on policies, to support private sector efforts and disseminate innovations and best practices and experiences.

The exchange of the best experiences and expertise between delegates of the APEC economies, experts, farming and government agents, is a first step to construct new policies.  Also, a clear policy environment and pathway from research to commercialization is critical to stimulate investments and accelerate new beneficial water technologies.   

Beneficiaries: The main beneficiaries of this project will be the farmers and institutions. The tools provided by the APEC seminar and field trip will allow the elaboration of tools aimed to improve the management of extreme events, and the developing of an integrated water resources management (IWRM). 

The participants of the APEC seminar and field trip will be: representatives of the APEC economies, authorities, and decision makers, representative from public agencies, companies, agricultures, experts and representatives of universities and centers of investigation. 

I. Project Group members 

  1. Representatives of the APEC economies. We will expected 40 total participants, where 20 of them are representatives from each travel-eligible economies, and the other belong from other APEC economies and economy host. In both the seminar and field trip.
  2. Authorities, decision makers, and representatives from public agencies. It is expected to have representatives from public agencies of different sectors i.e. water resources, agricultural, irrigation and management of catastrophes.
  3. Farmers. They will be invited to participate from the seminar to share their experience and problems associated to potential impacts of climate change.
  4. Experts and representatives of universities and centers of investigation. From this group we will select speakers for the seminar and participants for the working groups.

II. Project Products Users 

  1. Representatives of public agencies. The public agencies participating in the project will have free access to the results and products generated by the project. They will be able to use the information and results to generate supporting tools to improve food production.
  2. Small- and mid-sized farmers. They will be benefited by the results of the project in developing mitigation measures to improve food security under climate change scenarios. They will be invited with the decision makers to know other realities of the APEC economies, to evaluate the opportunities to incorporated better experiences in their sectors.
  3. Researchers. The researchers participating from the project will have access to the results and products of the project. The information can be used to generate publications and future research about this topic.
  4. Water User Organizations (WUO). According to the regulations of each APEC economy.
  5. Representatives of other productive sectors, as energy sector, water treatment, tourism, etc.

The main beneficiaries of this project will be the  farmers. The tools provided by the APEC seminar will allow the elaboration of better policies and tools aimed to improve the management of extreme events, and the developing of an integrated water resources management (IWRM).

The participants of the APEC seminar will be encouraged to share their experiences, and suggest recommendations for the development of "plans of action" for all APEC economies. These plans of action will establish adaptation and mitigation measures to provide food security for all APEC economies. 

The participation of Chilean government authorities, such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Environment, and Public Work, will be considered. Authorities and personnel from geographically close economies, such as Peru, will be also considered. Additionally, representatives of the Chilean people will be considered, such as the Civil Society Council of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Chilean Irrigation Commission, whose members are representatives of the academic world, productive organizations and organizations of water users. It is also expected to have the presence of farmers, representatives of small producers ' organizations, as well as the general public.

Dissemination

The first output is a “preliminary report” and it will contain the information about the water efficient of the agriculture in APEC economies.. .The report will be carried out by the contractor, and it will make a “desk research”. It will be investigated the sponsoring economies and the interested ones. The information it will send to the delegates, 1 month before a seminar.

In the case of the Brochure of technical profiles must be accurate and easy to understand. This brochure is aimed to farmers, water organizations, and decision makers of the public sector. The brochure is will send to the delegates and they will disseminated in their economies.

Gender

Across the Asia-Pacific region, rural women play critical roles in achieving each one of the pillars of food security. For instance, women in small and medium-sized agriculture play a crucial role along the entire production chain i.e. working in harvesting activities, in industrial processes, and planning the purchase and distribution of food at the familiar scale. Within this context, water is needed not only for drinking, but also for the production and preparation of food, for personal hygiene, washing, and disposal, among others. The dependence of women on water is transversal and not only applies to small and mid-sized farmers. It also highlights the importance of women in food production.

During its development and implementation, this project will ensure gender equality. Both men and women will have the same opportunities to participate and collaborate in the different project phases. Priority will be given to women leaders, and they will be encouraged to participate in the different meetings to be held by this project. We will promote gender equity in all the activities developed by this project. Information about the activities carried out by this project will be sent to as many women as possible. Different criteria will be used to finally select the women leaders who will participate and contribute their experience during the activities of this project. It is expected that 40 per cent of the participants are women.

Sex disaggregated data for all speakers and participants (not only the APEC funded) will be collected at the point of the project event. This data will be requested when submitting a Completion Report to the Secretariat when project ends. This information will provide valuable feedback on whether goal of female speaker/experts and participants was achieved as well as giving future POs guidance on their own gender parity targets.

Work Plan

Time

Tasks

Deliverables

August 2018

Start hiring process

Contract

October 2018

Contract signature

Contract

November 2018

Initial Preliminary Report, with information about the water efficient of the agriculture in APEC economies

Preliminary Report

January 2019

Preliminary Report, with information about the water efficient of the agriculture in APEC economies

Preliminary Report

February 2019

Process economies’ answers of Featured projects

Report

February 2019

Preparation task for the seminar and the field trip

Seminar

April 2019

One day Seminar in Santiago, includes presentations of best experiences about water efficient in agriculture.  The experiences presented will result in project sheets, with the specific information each initiative

Seminar

April 2019

Two days Field Trip: to see the interesting experiences of Chile in irrigation systems and technology application for water.  The experiences include video and informative brochures about the projects

Field Trip

June 2019

Brochure of technical profiles: all the information about experiences and projects will be compiled and summarised in technical profiles.

Brochure of technical profiles

August 2019

Final report with all the information collected results and conclusions

Final Report

October 2019

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the completion report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat

October 2020

Participation in the long term evaluation of APEC projects conducted by the Secretariat.



Risks

Although there will be the presence of the economies, there could be a low attendance of the other economies, due to the distance of Chile from other parts of the world which implies high costs of transportation.

Some economies must process visas with more time than average, which in our experience on previous occasions has left out some delegates participation. This will be avoided by making the invitations in terms greater than the minimum in order to have all the possible presentation. In order to avoid any problems with the participation of the experts, for example last minute desertion, all contacts will be carried out in advance, in order to count effectively with the presentations that will be programmed.

Other risk are considerate:

1)   Low engagement of economies to produce reports

2)   Not attracting the right participants

3)   Not having the right proportion of various types of participants you wish to engage

4)   Not able to secure venue or hotel due to SOM in August

5)    Low quality of written outputs

The Chilean government staff will contact the participants as soon as possible to avoid delayers in the project

Monitoring and Evaluation

The activities performed by this project will be evaluated following the subsequent points:

1) Number of economies attending the seminar (at least 14 economies).

2) Number of publications (one preliminary report, and one final report). 2 publications.

Level of satisfaction of the participants (at least 70% of satisfaction). A final survey will be carried out for the ex post evaluation of the project

3)  The number of economies reporting projects is also essential to the success of the event: 5

4)  The number of projects to be reported is also key information: 7

Number of attendants to field trip.30.

Linkages

APEC members, such as PPFS, ATCWG, EWG, PPSTI and the Climate Center of APEC. International organizations such as GWP, FAO (Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture and Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock), CGIAR (Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Program, CCAFS) might be interested in contributing with experts to participate in the project, workshop and evaluation process. Finally, it is worth noting that this project also contributes to Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation (signed during COP 21) as well as the Sustainable Development Goals (specifically SDG 2 and13). 

- 2016 PPFS Project “Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change”: this project is complementary as it looks for increasing knowledge of approaches to addressing challenges related to climate change and food security, as well as to assist developing economies to develop sound policies, strategies and practices to secure sustainable agriculture and aquaculture/fisheries sectors. As IWRM is a recognized effective and adaptive measure for climate change, these projects will create synergies to focus the technical-economic cooperation.

- APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change (APEC Piura Declaration – Annex I): the water project is strongly linked with this multi-year program as it may be considered as one of the key activities of the strategic themes that has been set out by the program.

- OECD Water Governance Programme (2015): Set of rules, practices, and processes through which decisions for the management of water resources and services are taken and implemented. Indicators may be taking into account as reference to develop the research. 

This project different like the other projects, that in this case, the delegates, have the opportunity to visit on site the solutions for water efficient and energy for the agriculture.

Sustainability

In this line, APEC forum has allowed share experiences in order to develop new policies and tools to aim decision makers.  In this context, work with experts and representatives of the APEC economies, allows to present the public, private and political vision under the context of achieving food security, considering the effects of climate change. 

·  Promote meetings with authorities and researchers working in the area of climate change, food security, and water resources. This will be part of the PPFS work plan with the objective of monitoring and evaluating advancements, share new related information, and discuss new tendencies about this topic.

·  Strengthen the cooperation network as a way to improve public policies under new climate change scenarios.

·   The results of this project will be included in a final report which will be sent to the representatives of each APEC economy for their information and application.

·   The project includes a brochure with the technical profiles with the different projects, ideas and experiences shared in the Seminar and the Filed Trip, which can be easily transfer to stakeholders and decision makers.

Project Overseers

Name: Mónica Rodríguez Bueno

Title:
Head, Development Unit, National Irrigation Commission – Ministry of Agriculture

Organization: National Irrigation Commission – Ministry of Agriculture

Postal address: Av. Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins 1449, Tower 1, Floor 4, Santiago. - Chile.

Tel: (56) 2 24693438

E-mail: monica.rodriguez@cnr.gob.cl

CC: jaime.yanez@cnr.gob.cl

Mónica Rodríguez Bueno, is Agronomist from the Pontificia Universidad Católica, with 7 years of experience in the National Commission of Irrigation of Chile. Her expertise areas includes managing the interministerial coordination and the develops of publics policies on irrigation and transfer programs for farmers.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 5.0 
Created at 11/08/2018 20:23  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 11/08/2018 20:41  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search