Project Title

APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Sharing Economy and Digital Technology Connectivity for Inclusive Development 

Project Year

2018   

Project Number

PPSTI 01 2018A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

PPSTI 01 2018A 

Project Title

APEC Public-Private Dialogue on Sharing Economy and Digital Technology Connectivity for Inclusive Development 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Connectivity 

Project Year

2018 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

80,000 

Co-funding Amount

80,000 

Total Project Value

160,000 

Sponsoring Forum

APEC Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation (PPSTI) 

Topics

Science and Technology 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

China 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; Indonesia; Malaysia; Mexico; Papua New Guinea; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2019 

Project Proponent Name 1

Ma Leju 

Job Title 1

Senior Expert in International Industries 

Organization 1

Didi Chuxing 

Postal Address 1

Building B2, Digital Valley, Dongbeiwang Road, Beijing 100000, China 

Telephone 1

86-13801130765 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

maleju@didichuxing.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Ma Leju 

Project Summary

Sharing economy and digital technology connectivity are both increasingly important buildingblocks of digital future and bring opportunities and challenges to inclusive development in APEC region. 

The project will host two seminars as PPSTI’s first public-private dialogue that enables public and private sectors to jointly collect, analyze and study best practices and develop policy recommendations on how to reinforce public private partnership in digital future. 

Seminar 1 will be held in late 2018 in Mexico, focusing on regulatory and policy cases. Seminar 2 will be held in 2019 in Chile, in conjunction with a PPSTI meeting, focusing on developing policy recommendations. 

Project report includes case studies and policy recommendations. After completion all project outcomes will be accessible online for free and will be non-commercial use only.

Relevance

Relevance – Region: Recognizing new opportunities and challenges presented by digital transformation, APEC leaders resolve to advance economic, financial and social inclusion, with a vision to build an inclusive APEC community by 2030. 

This project supports this vision (AELM 2017 P11) by developing a public-private cross-sector approach on developing sharing economy and digital technology connectivity, calling for stronger public-private partnership which fosters emerging engines of economic growth and inclusion and avoids challenges like disruptions in industrial transformation or insufficiency/ineffectiveness of digital technology innovation. 

The project invites all PPSTI member economies to nominate best practices and invites experts (with public-private project experiences) from both public and private sectors to discuss on those cases, extract common visions and develop policy recommendations which will support all members, especially developing economies, to achieve economic growth in digital age and to make APEC a more inclusive community. 

The project will bring sustained benefit to Mexico, Chile and other member economies by developing a pilot approach in PPSTI that allows cross-sector (public and private) joint study on APEC priorities. It will involve the government’s value and contribution in PPSTI’s long-time-discussed Industry-Academia collaboration in science, technology and innovation. After project completion, the learnings from this project could support members to extend such approach to other topics (buildingblocks) of digital future, whereas endorsed by PPSTI. 

Relevance – Eligibility: This project addresses the capacity building needs of developing economies, especially Mexico and Chile where the seminars will be held, in confronting opportunities and challenges brought by sharing economy and digital technology connectivity. 

The seminars will be sub-themed according to priorities of APEC Connectivity Blueprint for 2015-2025.

1) Physical Connectivity: Digital infrastructure (case-study on big data hubs/centres and AI enabled smart transportation/living demo projects) financing bottleneck through public private partnerships (PPP)

2) Institutional Connectivity: Regulatory outlook for sharing economy and more secure and trusted digital economy ecosystem.

3) People-to-People Connectivity: Platforms and enabling technologies for people mobility in digital future. 

Relevance – Capacity Building: The project meets both APEC’s capacity building objectives: It will provide best practices studies which gives useful references for member economies (especially Mexico and Chile where local audience will be invited to the seminar and interact with speakers, experts and participants), to enhance capacity in fostering a closer public private partnership and achieving sustainable growth and equitable development in digital age (Objective 1). It will also enable domestic learnings of public-private cooperation from one economy to be discussed at regional level and help members participate more fully in the regional economy (Objective 2), considering both the sharing economy and digital technology connectivity involve increasingly number of cross-border activities. 

As the first public-private dialogue by PPSTI, the project also offers an innovative and sustainable approach to enrich PPSTI’s sub-group discussion on science capacity building and connectivity. During and after the project implementation the PO team will serve as fora’s knowledge partner in digital economy, who will report regularly to PPSTI meetings on the latest project findings, as well as provide knowledge support to issues requested by PPSTI.  The PO will also share knowledge and experience to member economies who intend to host follow-up or sister events in related field.

Objectives

1) Collect, study and share 8-10 best practices and increase participants’ knowledge of various forms and possibilities of public-private partnership in sharing economy and digital technology; 

2) Develop 5-8 policy recommendations to support PPSTI members to involve private sector’s knowledge in making policies related to sharing economy and digital technology; 

3) Build support for PPSTI to involve private sector participation in its discussion and actions by organizing 2 seminars, one in Mexico in 2018 and the other in Chile in 2019; 

4) To increase APEC members’ knowledge about the potential benefits and risks of public-private partnership in sharing economy and digital technology by publishing project report online; and 

5) Inspire follow-up discussions in PPSTI meetings after project completion and support PPSTI members to develop 1-2 new projects in form of public-private dialogue.

Alignment

Alignment - APEC:  The project supports AELM 2017 P.16 “we will work together to realize the potential of the internet and digital economy including through appropriate regulatory and policy frameworks, and taking into account fair competition to encourage investment and innovation.” 

The project also responds to AMM 2017 P.39 “We encourage further STI information exchange and policy coordination among member economies as well as increased engagement of multi-stakeholders such as private, scientific, industrial and academic sectors in promoting inclusive and innovative development.” 

Regarding 2018 APEC priorities, the project is directly linked to the theme “Harnessing Inclusive Opportunities, Embracing the Digital Future”, and contributes to priority “Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth” 

The project addresses the priorities of APEC Connectivity Blueprint as mentioned in Relevance-Eligibility. 

Alignment – Forum: The project reports to PPSTI Connectivity Subgroup and addresses priorities of Connectivity Blueprint. It also supports PPSTI’s strategic plan in developing closer cooperation with industries. 

Regarding 2018 PPSTI theme, the project responds to “Embracing digital technologies for inclusive and sustainable development to catalyse data sharing for economic resilience” 

In 2015, the Independent assessment recommended PPSTI to encourage more participation from private sector. This project also answers to that recommendation by not only involving private sector, but also focus on dialogue between private and public sector, which is increasingly important in science, technology and innovation policy making.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Seminar 1 will be a two-day-seminar held in late 2018 in Mexico. PO will invite 3-6 speakers and seek nomination of one participant from each member economy. Speakers will present best practice cases on which participants will discuss and study. The best practices will be categorized in three sub-themes in consistence with APEC Connectivity Blueprint (with reference to paragraph 13,16, 17, 26, 30, 37): 

1) Infrastructure projects, such as FINTECH Cluster in Mexico and DiDi Reversible Lane in China. The best practices presented will focus on raising awareness of the value of digital technology in infrastructure projects and showcase the transformation to new generation infrastructure in digital era. 

2) Policy cases where private sector knowledge support government policy making. As the majority of PPSTI members come from science and technology governance institutions, the selected best practices will aim to enhance officials’ capacity in formulating forward and comprehensive policies that may help drive innovation and create bigger impact in businesses. A case in point will be the ride-sharing business in China where higher demands and safety risks led to positive changes in government policies. 

3) People-to-people connectivity projects and mechanisms. People-to-people connectivity is a long-term mandate on innovation in PPSTI where members often share ideas and success stories. We will be looking at existing work in PPSTI that have long supported members. The presented best practices such as PPSTI’s ASPIRE award and Young Scientist Network in Malaysia will promote exchanges between software engineers and entrepreneurs. They will also focus on enhancing connectivity in the region and encourage cross-fora cooperation through the facilitation of the mobility of talents and the flow of knowledge.

A case study report presenting 8-10 best practices (each speaker will be invited to present 1-2 cases, 3 infrustructure projects, 3 policy cases, 2-4 people-to-people mobility projects) and their implications will be developed as outputs in 2018 and a post-event evaluation informs of survey to participants and speakers will be conducted between seminar 1 and seminar 2. 

Seminar 2 will be a one-day-seminar back to back to PPSTI meeting in 2019 in Chile. PO will invite 3-6 speakers and participants will be PPSTI delegates. Speakers for seminar 2 will be invited by PO according to the following criterias: 1.from private sector, since PPSTI delegates are all from public sector and the project will keep private sector’s involvement 2.preferable speakers in Seminar 1, since they will be more familiar with previous discussions 3.women, since gender issue will be underlined) Speakers will share learnings on Seminar 1 and develop 5-8 policy recommendations with participants on how to foster closer public and private partnership in sharing economy and digital technology connectivity. 

An executive summary with 5-8 policy recommendations on how to enhance connectivity in infrastructure, policies and people by sharing economy and digital technology will be developed as outputs for Seminar 2. 

Both seminar 1 and seminar 2 are expected to have no less than 30 local audiences from Mexico/Chile. 

No less than 6 self-funded Tel/Video meetings and interviews will be hosted by PO before, between and after the two seminars. PO considers it’s a more effective way to maintain coherence and focus of discussions. This will replace the self-funded-website proposed in concept note, if not otherwise requested by any PPSTI member. 

The project report, including the case study report and above mentioned policy recommendations, will be presented to PPSTI, HRDWG and TELWG for endorsement. The project report will be an APEC publication. 

A one-page concept paper on cross-fora collaboration with HRDWG and TELWG will be proposed to PPSTI. It will give a list of any potential topics that participants call for further discussion based on this projects, as possible topics of any follow-up or sister events in future. This document will be ONLY used for PPSTI’s information and do NOT have any binding effect. 

The following will be the information outputs from the project, which will be submitted along with the Completion Report when project completes: a. A Case Study Report b. An Executive Summary for Seminar 2, c. A Project Report, d, A Concept Paper. 

Outcomes: By putting together views from both sectors, it is expected to inspire closer partnership and more frequent dialogues between entrepreneurs and policy makers/regulators who participated the seminars. 

In medium-term (1-2 years after project completion), participants from different economies and PPSTI members will be inspired to initiate new APEC projects in forms of public-private-dialogue, and there will be more participation from private sector in PPSTI events. 

The case study report developed by this project will be useful references for members’ respective capacity building in medium-term, and when endorsed, will be put on APEC website as access-free online publication. It will raise the awareness of both public and private sector the value of cross-sector partnership and help align the vision and scope of industry development with policy making priorities. 

The policy recommendations will be reported to PPSTI. The PO team will stay as member in PPSTI and continue to provide thoughts and knowledge to support the adoption of policy recommendations by members. 

Beneficiaries: Direct beneficiaries are seminar participants and audience. 

Seminar participants will be professionals from either public or private sector, but must have previous experiences in public private collaboration related to sharing economy and digital technology, either in joint projects or in policy making. Seminar participants will be nominated by all PPSTI members. Seminar participants will be also invited to tel/video conference and interviews before, between and after the seminar, and take part in the drafting of output document. 

Audience are local people in Mexico and Chile, from either public sector or private sector. PP will seek help from PPSTI Mexico and PPSTI Chile to select and organize local audiences. The audience will not take part in drafting output document but will be encouraged to speak on Q&A session to interact with seminar speakers and participants. It will give local people in Mexico and Chile to dialogue with APEC experts from other member economies. 

Government policy makers in the field of sharing economy and digital technology, particularly from APEC developing member economies, are primary target beneficiaries of the policy recommendations. PO team will invite PPSTI members to disseminate the project report, after improved and endorsed, to policy makers of their economy. The document will be a useful reference in policy making and enable policy makers to access broader opinions from private sector. 

Private sector, especially start-ups in sharing economy and digital technology business, will also benefit from the project, since the project report will be put online as APEC publication The project will inspire them to look for opportunities working with public sector. The project will avoid specific description of any commercial product or service, while staying focused on how to establish public-private partnership. The project will not produce specific advices on what to do, but will put forward principles of how to do.

Dissemination

The project report, in electronic form, when improved and endorsed by PPSTI, will be put on “publication” section of APEC website. The report will include case studies, common visions of participants, policy recommendations to policy makers and PO’s observation about cross-fora cooperation and next steps.

The project report in printing (100 copies, self-funded) will be used for project participants’ reference and dissemination on PPSTI meetings.

Case study report, executive summary and concept paper will be disseminated electronically to seminar speakers, seminar participants and PPSTI members.

The primary targets are seminar participants and PPSTI members. Other target audiences are policy makers and entrepreneurs in sharing economy and digital technology field in APEC members.

There’s no intention to present the report to non-APEC events, unless otherwise requested by participants or members and endorsed by PPSTI.

There is no intention to put in commercial use of any outputs. All publications and communication materials will comply with APEC guidelines. All materials will be endorsed by PPSTI before dissemination by any means.

There is no intention to disseminate the report to non-APEC organizations. PO agrees that reporting, and other written outputs associated with this project, which will be publically available, must be presented to Secretariat in a standard of English which requires no further copy-editing. The Project Final Report which will be distributed and published as an APEC publication, will be prepared in accordance with Guidebook on APEC Projects, the APEC Publication Guidelines and the APEC Logo Guidelines.

Gender

The project encourages participation from both men and women. PO will keep record of the proportion of different gender’s participation in the online meetings and seminars. Preferences will be given to women when inviting speakers. Gender issue is considered as one of the main focuses of this project, since different perspectives from different genders will enrich effectively the study. 

PO team is completing a domestic report on Women and New Economy in China and finds that sharing economy and digital technology advancement will bring more opportunities for women than before. PO will present this report to participants on Seminar 1 in Mexico. The report is mainly done by women researchers. 

To involve participation from both genders, the project’s minimum target value of women participants is set at 40%. Considering there are increasing number of women working in digital economy companies (46% in DiDi) and there are more women in PPSTI than men, insufficiency of women participation is less likely to happen. Should that happen, additional women participants will be invited to the seminars.

The Project will collect sex-disaggregate data for its events.

Work Plan

·   Time

·   Activities

·   Outputs

·   06.2018

Establishment of Joint Project Committee.

Participants will be PPSTI members of co-sponsoring economies. PO reports to JOC every 2 months by email about the project’s development and seek advices.

Project Joint Committee established

·   08.2018

Report to PPSTI meeting and draft Seminar 1 agenda based on PPSTI members’ feedback

Administrative Circular1 draft

·   09-10 2018

Call for nominations and preparing Seminar 1

List of participants and speakers

·   11.2018

Organize Seminar 1 in Mexico

(minimum 10 participants, 3 speakers, 30 local audiences)

Start drafting Case Study Report

Seminar 1

·    

·   03.2019

Complete case study and seek endorsement

from participants and PPSTI

Endorsed case study report

·   04-05 2019

Call for nominations and prepare Seminar 2

(minimum 10 participants, 3 speakers, 30 local audiences)

List of participants and speakers

·   06.2019

Organize Seminar 2 in Chile

Start drafting Executive Summary, Concept Paper and Project Report

Seminar 2

·   09 2019

Complete Executive Summary, Concept Paper, Project Report and

Policy Recommendations

Executive Summary, Concept Paper, Project Report and policy recommendation

·   10-12 2019

Seek endorsement of project report from PPSTI

Endorsed project report

·   1-2 2020

Drafting, endorsement and submission of the Completion Report and all supporting documents to the Secretariat.

Completion Report

·   6-12 2020

Participation in the Long Term Evaluation of APEC Projects conducted by the Secretariat, as required by all APEC funded projects

Long Term Evaluation

Risks

1) Unbalanced participation of public and private sector. Inadequate participation of either public or private sector participants will be considered as risk. When inviting nominations, it will be made clear that nomination from both sectors are needed. In case inadequate participation happens (less than 30%), PO will suggest nominations through business and international organization partners (for example, China Chamber of International Commerce, ABAC, APRU and UNCTAD). 

2) Uncertainty in local audience’s scale. The seminars aim to host no more than 30 local audiences, so as to keep participants focus on discussions among different economies. But depending on the requests, this value may be underestimated. If risk happens, PO will use live or online broadcasting on the seminars, or seek to have a larger venue within budget.

3) Losing focus in the intervals of seminars. Intervals of seminars could be 6-8 months. The project performance will be damaged if PO fails to maintain coherence, focus and dynamism of previous discussions. To avoid such risk, PO will host tel/video meetings at least every two months to update new findings and progresses of the project with seminar participants. Memos of such meetings will be reported to project joint committee and copy to secretariat. 

4) Low attendance of funded participants due to travel arrangement. The PO will arrange online presentations (by DiDi’s global video conference system) of speakers and participants who have difficulty to travel. PO notes that PPSTI meetings and events generally have good turn-out rate. 

5) Low engagement of members providing best practices. PO will present sample cases on PPSTI meeting August 2018, to inspire members to identify similar domestic cases.

6) Time constrains and failing to deliver outputs in time. PO establish a team of 4 people (researchers from DiDi) for project coordination and priority will be given to this project. 

7) Low quality of information or report. PO will keep improve the report until PPSTI is satisfied. PO will also consult co-sponsors for thoughts and inputs.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The project will collect feedback from project committee members and PPSTI on background paper, draft outcome paper and project report. Seminar speakers’ profile and PPTs will also be collected. Survey to participants will be conducted and survey to audience will be done additionally. Gender impacts will be measured by percentage of women participation in seminar. 

The PO team will collect above information by interviews, emails, pre-seminar and post-seminar video meetings and telephone meetings. PO will self-fund video and tel-meetings using company’s global conference system. PO will self-fund travels to Mexico, Chile and other member economies if face-to-face interviews are considered necessary. 

The indicators for evaluation are: 

1) Participation of member economies (target value 80%)

2) Number of best practices reviewed by the project (target value 6)

3) Number of policy recommendations (target value 5)

4) Ratio of public sector experts to private sector experts (target value 1:1)

Linkages

Project completion report will seek co-endorsement from HRDWG and TELWG. It will support Priority 1 (Future of work in the digital age and labor market policy implication) in HRDWG APEC Framework on Human Resources Development and priority 5.4 (Enhance Digital Economy and Internet Economy) in TELWG Strategic Workplan 2016-2020. Project Overseer will seek nomination of one expert from HRDWG and one from TELWG to take part in joint project committee and speak on seminar. Participants nominated by HRDWG and TELWG to seminars are also welcomed. PO will also present the project to one of ABAC meetings in 2018-2019, through ABAC’s Principal Advisor to PPSTI. The policy recommendations will seek ABAC’s co-endorsement, and if endorsed by ABAC, the project’s development and outputs are intended to be presented in CEO dialogue meeting as cross-fora contribution. 

There’re no previous or ongoing similar projects in PPSTI. Although PPSTI past projects often involves private sector participants, this project distinct itself from other initiatives by focusing on public private partnership in digital economy. 

The project is designed as one of the actions under APEC Connectivity Blueprint and its topic is refined according to APEC and PPSTI’s annual priorities. The project dose not intent to cover issues beyond APEC’s discussion and interests, so APEC is the best source of fund.

Sustainability

As next steps of this project, the PO team will collect thoughts on follow-up initiatives from participants by surveys and interviews and report to PPSTI for information. Future initiatives includes in-depth comparison study of best practices in different economies, and measurement analysis of public private partnership’s social and economic impact.                                                                              

Also, after project completion, the PO will keep in touch with seminar participants and continue to participate in PPSTI meetings or events, as PPSTI China member. The project outcomes and their updates will be regularly reported to PPSTI’s Connectivity sub-group until sister or follow-up projects are established.

Project Overseers

Mr. Ma Leju is a professional in international cooperation of science, technology and innovation from China. He received academic training in Shanghai International Studies University (China) and Perugia University for Foreigners (Italy). He started career in China Science Technology Exchange Center as the coordinator of science communication cooperation with European countries, assisting internationalization of China’s science museums and science popularization publications. In 2005 he was transferred to Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Science and Technology, taking charge of inter-governmental cooperation programs between China and Eastern European Countries. In 2009-2015 he was stationed in Chinese Embassy in Italy as diplomat for science and technology, establishing and developing the bilateral cooperation framework between the two economies. In 2016-2017 he returned to China and worked for multilateral affairs. He also assisted G20, ASEAN and other multilateral affairs. He is currently appointed as senior international industry studies expert in DiDi, leading several projects with UNCTAD, ILO, APRU in sharing economy and digital economy. The PO is also familiar with digital economy and sharing economy development in Mexico and Chile (hosting economies). PO joined as council member of China’s Latin America Research Association in June 2018.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

An institution will be contracted for event management in Mexico, with main duties: 

--collaborate with local agencies for hosting Seminar, includes hotel, Hosting Venue, Volunteering, IT (40% duty)

--support drafting and dissemination of administrative circular, seminar briefing, executive summary, press release and other documents related to the event (30% duty)

--act as primary contact for Seminar participants regarding logistic issues (20% duty)

--other operational issues of the seminar (transport, IT, volunteers, note-taking, etc) of the seminar (10% duty) 

An institution, preferably with extensive link to academia and has reach experience in international studies, will be contracted for external research of the project, with main duties: 

--conduct interviews and lead focused group discussions (online or face-to-face) (35% duty)

--support drafting and dissemination of background paper, case study report, policy recommendations and other documents related to research(35% duty)

--identify 1-2 additional best practices beyond the cases nominated by PPSTI members and provide policy recommendations (15% duty)

--conduct survey on project evaluation (15% duty)

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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