Project Title

Capacity Building on Management Technologies for Climate Smart Rice Cultivation in the South-East Asian and Latin American Rice Sector 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

ATC 01 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

ATC 01 2017A 

Project Title

Capacity Building on Management Technologies for Climate Smart Rice Cultivation in the South-East Asian and Latin American Rice Sector 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

150,000 

Co-funding Amount

24,160 

Total Project Value

174,160 

Sponsoring Forum

Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG) 

Topics

Agriculture 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan; Mexico; New Zealand 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; Malaysia; Philippines; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Makoto Sato 

Job Title 1

Official 

Organization 1

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 

Postal Address 1

100-8950, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35027466 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

makoto_sato210@maff.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Makoto Sato 

Project Summary

Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) is a management practice in irrigated rice that saves water and reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. AWD is being disseminated and introduced to farmers as a smart and responsible water management in South-East Asian and Latin American economies, while research activities are ongoing to identify suitable areas through biophysical and social analysis. This project will provide rice producers and researchers in the APEC economies with the skill and better understanding of the merit of adopting an integrated management technology that combines fertilizer and organic matter management with AWD.

The project provides the opportunity to:

1)  share knowledge and exchange the views of management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in rice sector, and to develop a network among rice producers, researchers and experts; and

2) understand the points to improve and benefit of the management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change.

Relevance

Rice cultivation systems act as one of the major sources of atmospheric methane (CH4), a potent greenhouse gas and the second largest contributor to historical global warming after CO2. Due to the importance of CH4 mitigation from rice cultivation, a significant amount of research has been conducted to find practical measures that reduce emission intensity of the systems while sustaining or improving its overall production efficiency. One of the promising options is water management in irrigation systems, such as alternate wetting and drying (AWD) management. It is a water-saving technology that rice producers can apply to reduce their irrigation water consumption in rice fields that has also been demonstrated to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) without decreasing rice yield. 

However, more practical approach, such as the integration of the AWD and other rice cultivation management (i.e. management of fertilizer application and organic matter on the ground) will have a potential to attract more rice producers to this “integrated management approach” through the possible increase in productivity and producers’ income. 

Against the background, this project will hold capacity building trainings such as those for AWD technology and measurement method of GHG from paddy rice field and a workshop to share knowledge and technical skills of management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in rice sector. The project also provides rice producers, researchers, and experts associated with rice cultivation in APEC economies with the better understanding of the merit of adopting the integrated management approach which also confers the resilience to climate change. The results will be not only adopted by participants of the projects, but also outreached to more communities within APEC economies and other economies across the world.

Objectives

The project provides the opportunity to:

1)  share knowledge and best practice of new management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in rice sector, (hereinafter “management technologies”);

2)  exchange the views on the management technologies and

3)  develop a network among rice producers, researchers and experts, by organizing an international workshop and mutual visits of experts.

Rice producers and researchers would understand the points to improve and benefit of the management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change. The relationship built in the project would help them to ask inquires one another when it is necessary after the project.

Alignment

This project proposal aligns well with the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group Strategic Plan 2015-2019 and the Piura Declaration on Food Security, in particular, by providing rice producers and researchers associated with rice cultivation in APEC economies with an appropriate opportunity for capacity building on fostering knowledge and exercising on the ground for adopting the management technologies that combine fertilizer and organic matter management with water management.

The Project is also expected to feed into the “Food Security and Climate Change Multi-year Action Plan” from the view point of project feature for benefiting both adaptation and mitigation whereby increasing productivity and income.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will be funded from the APEC support fund. This project will provide rice producers and researchers in the APEC economies with the skill and better understanding of the merit of adopting an integrated management technology for climate smart rice cultivation that combines fertilizer and organic matter management with AWD in the South-East Asian and Latin American rice sector. 

AWD technology has been developed by IRRI and makes a contribution to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. However, the integrated management technology that combines fertilizer and organic matter management with AWD has not been disseminated in developing economies yet. Developing economies are facing challenges for the dissemination of the integrated management technology for climate smart rice cultivation because of the lack of technology, knowledge and sharing awareness of importance of the integrated management technology among all stakeholders. Therefore, there is a strong need of APEC developing economies for capacity building, such as sharing the knowledge and experiences. This APEC Fund will deepen the understandings of participants on the integrated management technology by this APEC Fund project.     

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1) Capacity building trainings of the management technologies: To share knowledge and technical skills of management technologies for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in rice sector in developing economies, two-day capacity building trainings for farmers and researchers will be conducted at the South-East Asian and Latin American paddy rice fields in APEC economies by the trainers who are researching AWD technology and crop management of rice field. Results of capacity building trainings will be evaluated and summarized. 

2) Holding a workshop on knowledge sharing: This workshop, which will be held in Tsukuba, Japan or in an appropriate place in APEC economy in 2018, consists of two-day meeting and 1 day field training. Twenty-two participants from APEC economies will be invited to take part in the workshop. Participants such as technical officials of governments and the agricultural researchers of NPOs and academia in developing economies in South-East Asia and Latin America are strongly encouraged. Knowledge and experiences about management technologies will be shared. Participants also exchange their views of the development of management technologies. They will visit paddy rice field to deepen their understanding of importance of the management and have concrete images of management technologies. Participants are expected to share, but not limited to, the following information:

-  The summary of results and evaluation of capacity building trainings

-  Current situation and challenges of management technologies

-  The development of management technologies in developed economies

-  New management technologies and facilities

 (Cost effective and GHG mitigation technologies are included) 

A final report including results of capacity building trainings, a training manual and presentation materials and the summary of the workshop will be available for public through Asia-Pacific Information Platform on Food Security (APIP). In addition, such information will be accessible through the GRA (The Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases) website. 

Outcomes: 

1) Wide-spread knowledge sharing: Knowledge of management technologies will be shared. The final report of the capacity building trainings and a workshop of the management technology including results of capacity building trainings, a training manual and presentation materials and the summary of the workshop is disseminated for public via the APEC Publications Database, APIP and so on. In doing so, rice producers, researchers, technical experts and policy makers will understand the situation and importance of adopting management technologies in rice sector. Also, those documents will be utilized as learning materials for government officials, NPOs and so on. 

2) Strengthening the linkage with other APEC economies and non-APEC stakeholders:  By transmitting the report of the projects via initiatives on Climate Change the such as the GRA, CCAC (Climate and Clean Air Coalition), CCAFS (Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security), this project can contribute to the efforts on the adoption of technologies for mitigation of Climate Change not only in the APEC economies, but also in other economies across the world. Also scientific knowledge and relevant data obtained through the project activities will be made available to the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) for incorporation of these into IPCC assessment report, special report and emissions factor database, as appropriate. 

Beneficiaries:  The results of this project will be beneficial for end users (rice producers), researchers, technical experts and policy makers.

The direct beneficiaries are the participants of the project. They could build capacity and promote the good practices as well as exchange views on adaptation and mitigation of GHG emissions with the participants. 

The Project would encourage policy makers of each APEC economy to develop its own initiatives, programs and policy to move towards breakthrough solutions in addressing agricultural GHG emissions. This would also increase the economies’ capacity for measuring GHGs and improve the national GHG inventory, as well as support their implementation of their nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement. 

In the long-term, the results of this project would contribute to making a model of GHG emissions, which will be applied to evaluate long-term effects of the management, and contribute to internal processes such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Dissemination

The final report of the capacity building trainings and a workshop will be provided to all the participants, such as rice producers, researchers, technical experts and policy makers by electric copies to enhance understanding and facilitate discussions among participants.  Participants are encouraged to make the maximum use of the final report such as sharing the documents with their colleagues.  There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project. The reports will be complied with the APEC IP Policy, Publications and Logo Guidelines.

2) The final report will be submitted to the APEC Publications Database.

3)  The final report of the capacity building will be uploaded on the GRA website after the workshop.

4)  The final report will be distributed at ATCWG.  In addition, the related report and materials will be introduced or disseminated at relevant fora such as PPFS.

5)  We ensure that we will follow APEC nomenclature rules in this proposal and during implementation, including the approved nomenclature for members’ names, and the use of “economies”, rather than “countries.”

Gender

Women and men are able to attend this capacity building training equally. Moreover, the proposing economy would encourage all the economies to send women to attend the workshop, because the number of women attendees is always less than that of men. We will invite female experts as well as to consider a session in the workshop that includes the presentation on women’s issues under the project’s topic. The target value for the female participation is that more than half of economies which send the participants to the workshop include female participation. 

This project is related to capacity building on management technologies for climate smart rice cultivation in the South-East Asian and Latin American rice sector. Through this project, women will be provided with knowledge about the benefit of management technologies and raised their awareness of the necessity of developing management technologies.

Work Plan

This project consists of (1) Capacity building trainings, (2) A workshop. 

Key Activities

Time/Place

Identify the contact points of each economy

December

MAFF

Identify services required for contracting

January

MAFF

Bid a tender to determine the contractor

February-March

MAFF

Confirm capacity building trainings and a workshop timing and venue

April

MAFF

Send invitation letters

April

Contractor

Finalization of contracts

April

MAFF

Identify the fields for capacity building trainings and targeted economies and the workshop venue

June

Contractor

Arrange the workshop agenda and speakers

June-July

Contractor

Implement the capacity building trainings by visiting the sites of economies

June-July

Contractor

Develop a draft focused report

August

Contractor

Arrange logistical needs for the workshop

July-August

Contractor

Prepare the workshop documents

July-August

Contractor

Hold the workshop

September

Contractor, MAFF

Upload workshop documents on APIP Website

September

Contractor

Prepare final project report and disseminate the th the report to relevant Working Group

October

MAFF

Risks

The concept of this project has been favorably received by APEC economies and is one that is relevant globally. Therefore, risks are low.  However, there will be some risks as follows: 

1)  There will be a possibility that the capacity building on the ground will be affected by weather condition. 

2)  There will be a possibility that the workshop may have a schedule conflict with other fora. It will be addressed by keeping in touch with proposing and co-sponsoring APEC economies and APEC Secretariat to see the picture of the APEC schedule. 

3)  There is a risk of lack of attendance of expected participants, engagement from economies to volunteer for training, and low quality of training designed that will impact the results of capacity building. The proposing APEC economy will outline the purpose of this capacity building trainings and the workshop at relevant fora and invite APEC members broadly (ex. not only from ATCWG but also PPFS) to mitigate the risk. To avoid lack of engagement from economies to volunteer for training and the low quality training, the PO will keep closely contact with trainers of the capacity building and speakers of the workshop.

Monitoring and Evaluation

In terms of evaluation, all the participants are expected to share their current situation and challenges of management technologies, the development of management technologies in developed economies and new management technologies and facilities. The participants who will receive training in capacity building will submit their comments on the project to the contractor who will be responsible for submitting a report to the Project Overseer (PO). The PO will organize an evaluation committee and submit a final report to ATCWG and APEC Secretariat at the end of the project. Key indicators of evaluation are as follows: 

1) Comprehension level of the technologies

2) Achievement level of the technologies

3) Utilization of the technologies

The PO will also evaluate the success of workshop, such as participant rate, number of presentations, and provide target numbers in which the management technology will be applicable.

Linkages

A strong linkage with the relevant activities of the GRA (The Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases), including contributing to the GRA low emissions rice flagship project, is expected in terms of sharing of resources, knowledge, data, and/or delivery of output. By transmitting the report of the projects via the GRA to its 49 member countries, this project can contribute to the efforts on the adoption of technologies for mitigation of Climate Change not only in the APEC economies, but also in other countries across the world. 

The project is also collaborated with relevant scientists and researchers in research centers of CGIAR, such as IRRI, CIAT, Africa Rice, through CGIAR Research Program, i.e. Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). In addition, it links between the Sustainable Rice Platform hosted by UNEP and builds on the rice component of Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) program that is promoted by IRRI. To scale-up and disseminate the management technology, the outputs from the CCAC paddy rice program in Colombia, Bangladesh and Viet Nam, which is aimed to support national plans and development programs with evidence-based information and strategies to reduce GHG emissions, including suitability mapping and training tools developed to train extension officers and leaders of farmer associations could be applied to the capacity building activities in the region. Scientific advances and relevant data will be made available to the IPCC for incorporation into its assessment report, special report and emissions factor database, as appropriate. 

In addition, an outstanding facet of APEC is that it embraces many rice producing countries across the region where the adoption of the management technologies will be significantly important.

Sustainability

Participants are encouraged to share and disseminate knowledge and technical skills of management technologies they obtained at the capacity building trainings and information at the workshop, respectively when they return to the home.

The outputs and outcome will be available at APIP and expected to be followed up by the GRA where most of rice producing APEC economies are included.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Mr. Makoto SATO. He serves as International Research Expert,  International Research, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat (AFFRCS), Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan (MAFF). He is in charge of APEC in AFFRCS and has a Bachelor in Agriculture. There is a possibility that the PO will be replaced due to change because of a personnel reshuffle. In this case, the person who will take over his job will be in charge of this project.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The contractor will conduct capability trainings and a workshop.

This procurement and contract management will be done in consultation with the Secretariat. The PO will advertise the contract (i.e. go for open bidding) as per the procurement principles advised in Chapter 12 of the Guidebook.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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