Project Title

APEC Best Fit Practices and Experience Sharing Workshop on Corruption Prevention Mechanisms in APEC Economies 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

ACT 02 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

ACT 02 2017A 

Project Title

APEC Best Fit Practices and Experience Sharing Workshop on Corruption Prevention Mechanisms in APEC Economies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

92,500 

Co-funding Amount

19,436 

Total Project Value

111,936 

Sponsoring Forum

Anti-Corruption and Transparency Experts Working Group (ACTWG) 

Topics

Anti-Corruption 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Papua New Guinea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chinese Taipei 

Expected Start Date

01/09/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Londe Kalit 

Job Title 1

Senior Legal Officer 

Organization 1

Department of Justice and Attorney General 

Postal Address 1

P O Box 591, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea 

Telephone 1

675-84157582 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Londe.Kalit@justice.gov.pg 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Londe Kalit 

Project Summary

The project aims to promote cultures of integrity and transparency by strengthening APEC’s work on anti-corruption through sharing of best fit practices and experiences in effective corruption prevention mechanisms amongst APEC member economies. Effective corruption prevention mechanisms identify and correctloopholes that exist within legitimate processes, which are often used to facilitate corrupt practices, in turn serving as a deterrent to corruption. 

A workshop will be held on the margins of SOM1 in 2018 in Papua New Guinea to generate discussions and recommendations ideal effective transparent corruption prevention measures, practices and mechanisms through the sharing of best fit practices and experiences from experts and member economies. 

The workshop will also promote private sector collaboration by inviting speakers and participants from government, business and academia.

Relevance

The project seeks to promote cultures of integrity through strengthening of existing and/or development of mechanisms that prevent corrupt activities. Transparent processes helps to prevents corruption and also assures predictability and protects the reliability, efficiency and integrity ofthe government’s ability to provide services. The strengthening of these processes and systems also protects legitimate transactions from abuse by acting as a barrier against opportunists that capitalize on loopholeswithin legitimate processes for unjust enrichment. The key to strengthening these processes is the level and standard of transparency that Government processes conform to. 

The sharing of best fit practices and experiences provides the opportunity for the exchange of knowledge on ways to identify loopholes within government administered and business processes and potential measures that may be used to prevent and avoid potential corrupt. This includes, but is not limited to measures such as, enacting more comprehensive laws and regulations or reviewing and adjusting ineffective administrative institutional processes that create the enabling environment for corruption. 

The project intends to develop capacity through the transfer of knowledge among participating APEC member economies. It is anticipated that, through the exchanges of experiences and recommendation on corruption prevention measures, for instance, education, awareness, incentive programs, corporate compliance, social engagement projects, will contribute towards raising awareness of the importance of participation of the private sector and the public in the fight against corruption, it will also contribute towards identifying capacities that are necessary topromote cultures of integrity,in turn contributing towards balanced transparency standard within APEC. 

The project is linked to Rank 1, in that it contributes to the larger efforts of ensuring integrity of processes and good governance in systems within the APEC region. The project falls under Rank 2 of the 2016 APEC Funding Criteria, which relates to the implementation of the APEC’s Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth particularly as it relates to Secure Growth.

Objectives

·  Carry out a workshop that will increase the knowledge on effective corruption preventive mechanisms through the gathering of information on best fit practices and experiences from experts and member economies. 

·  Develop recommendations for advancing APEC’s work in corruption preventative mechanisms. 

·  Determine the capacity building needs of APEC developing economies for enhancing their corruption prevention mechanisms.

. Contribute to fulfilling the goals set out under United National Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), particularly Article 5,

Alignment

According to the 2015 APEC Leaders’ Declaration, Leaders recognized that corruption impedes economic sustainability. They called for the promoting of cultures of integrity and prevention of corruption. The project seeks to enhance and expose potential effective corruption prevention mechanisms whichcombat the harmful effects of the illegal economy and promotes cultures of integrity across borders, markets, and supply chains. In addition, the 2014 Beijing Declaration on Fighting Corruption supported the establishment effective anti-corruption measures. In line with this advice, the project is focusing on determining and developing effective corruption preventative mechanisms. 

The project also contributes towards the implementation of the Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and the 2012 APEC Economic Leaders Declaration in Vladivostok, Russia by developing innovative training, targeted at capacity building and results oriented technical assistance to fight corruption and ensure Transparency and encouragingmember economies to fully implement the UN Convention against Corruption. 

The project looks to promote transparent ideals for governance, legal regimes and systems that prevent corruption through sharing of experiences, this in turn supports and promotes APEC’s continuing efforts in implementingthe Transparency Standards in member economies. Speakers and participants from government, business and academia will be invited to presentbased on experience, strategies that are effectively preventing corruption. The sharing of best fit practices and experiences also promotes regional cooperation between developing and developed economies by providing a platform for the transfer of knowledge on measures to prevent corruption such as, but not limited to, legislative and structural adjustment measures that correct loopholes which the illegal economy thrives on. 

The Project aligns with the ACTWG Multi Year Strategic Planning 2013-2017 mentioned the importance of Enhancing public private partnerships and encourages civil society engagement to prevent and fight corruption and illicit trade. In addition, the ACTWG-Proposed Work Plan for 2016 had called for the fostering of more transparency and integrity in the business sector, in addition to institutions (government or otherwise). The project is also aligned with the work plan of the ACTWG, as the project seeks to increase the cooperation between the public and private sectors to fight corruption through the holding of a workshop on corruption prevention. The development of effective corruption prevention mechanisms promotes the transparency and integrity of businesses.

TILF/ASF Justification

In advancing the Leaders’commitments under the Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and the Leaders Declaration in Vladivostok, the projects aims to build capacity of developing economies through the transfer of knowledge between economies on ways to promote transparent government systems and processes and theireffects on preventing corruption. The presentations and discussions emanating fromthe workshopalso providean opportunity for developing economies to engage with economies that have implementedGeneral and Area-Specific Transparency Standardsto provide a clear guidance and potential pathways to prevent corruptionwhilst contributing towards APECS commitment to implementing the UN Convention against Corruption.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The project will host a one (1) day workshop on best fit practices and experience sharing on corruption prevention mechanisms with participants from member economies. Participants to the workshop will be government representatives from anit corruption agencies from member economies as well as from business and experts,. The workshopseeks to facilitate the exchange knowledge between economies on public and business participation in identifying loopholes in legitimate government and business processes and to build capacity of member economies to self - assess the level of transparency government and business administrative processes need to uphold to prevent corruption. 

A desktop research on current literature on corruption prevention and corruption prevention initiatives will be undertaken prior to the workshop to establish the scope of the workshop and potential topics for discussion. 

A post workshop evaluation survey will also be conducted at the end of the workshop, and documented in the workshop report to be produced at the end of the project.

Based on the outcomes of the workshop and best practices shared, a set of recommendations will be developed for further work that the ACTWG can consider pursuing on the topic of corruption prevention. 

Best practices compendium which lists selected best fit practices adopted by economies on prevention mechanisms and initiatives that are implemented domestically. 

A workshop report of the workshop to be presented to ACTWG meeting for consideration in 2018. 

Outcomes: The Secretary General in his forward statement in the UNCAC acknowledges that corruption in the developing world hurts the poor by diverting funds that are intended for development and undermines the integrity of governments’ and businesses ability to provide services, in turn promoting inequality, injustice and discourages foreign investment.Corruption has resulted in economic underperformance and has become barrier to development. 

This Workshop seeks to increase knowledge and awareness of developing economies through sharing of experience and best fit practices that should enable economies to develop policies that assess the level of transparency and test the adequacy ofexisting government and business processes and identify legal and policy gaps that create the enabling environment for corrupt activities. 

The knowledge transferred through best fit practices and experience sharing will contribute towards attaining the ACTWG Multi Year Strategic Planning 2013-2017 by enhancing public private partnerships and encourages civil society engagement in fight against corruption and illicit trade. It will also promote transparency and integrity in the business sector and government institutions. In the long run the project will promote cooperation between the public and private sectors to fight corruption. 

Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries would be the project participants who would preferably be mid to senior level career professionals from the public sector of developing economies that administer regulatory or compliance processes and Legal Policymakers. Following the workshop, it is anticipate that Participants will acquire the necessary knowledge to be able todevelop mechanisms that assess the level of transparency in the processes they administer and be able to identify policy, legislative and administrative gapsand recognize necessary theadjustments to consider to prevent and/or address instances of corruption. 

Long-term beneficiaries of the project will be the governments of economies, businesses and investors. Implementation of measures that promote transparency in government regulatory and compliance processes will give an overall understanding, within governments of developing member economies, on the importance of implementation of Transparency Standards which prevents corruption, in turn building and renewinginvestor and business of trust and confidence. 

The indirect beneficiaries would be the general public of developing economies, which includes the vulnerable (particularly women), who often the fall victim to corruption within processes that are intended to enable access to quality goods and services, access to markets and capital. 

The output of the project will be shared broadly to ensure that a broader audience can have access to the information exchanged at the workshop.

Dissemination

The workshop report with presentations will be distributed electronically to participating member economies through the ACTWG and ACTNET. E-copies will also be made available and accessible through the APEC ACTWG page on APEC website with the assistance of the APEC Secretariat.

The results of the Workshop will also be distributed to all Papua New Guinean government agencies and ministries that are involved in developing anticorruption initiatives through PNG’s domestic Anticorruption Technical Working Group.

The target audiencewould be public officials and employees of APEC member economies that are administrators of government and business  regulatory processes; they could be sector experts from economies’ who are well versed with regulatory frameworks, different ministries that may be involved clearance and processing, Judiciary, Police, justice, etc.

There is no intention to sell the outputs arising from this project.

Gender

APEC recognizes corruption impedes women’s full participation in economic activity by creating an imbalance in access to opportunities and capital in turn preventing woman’s contribution achieving sustainable economic development in the region. Design of the agenda for the workshop will incorporatediscussions on the roles that women play in corruption prevention, and the impact that good corruption prevention mechanisms may have on addressing specific challenges for women. Speakers will also be requested to incorporate gender elements into their presentations..To ensure and promote a gender balancedparticipation at the workshop, participating member economies will be encouraged to nominate a male anda  female representative to participate in the workshop.

A surveys will also be conducted at the end of the Workshop that considers women’sinvolvement in corruption prevention and the impacts of effective corruption preventative mechanisms on the protection and empowerment of women.Theworkshop report containing these findings will be presented to the 2nd ACTWG meeting in 2018.

Given that the focus of this project is to develop capacity and skills to identify and appropriately address corruption in regulatory processes and systems an evaluation survey will be given to workshop participants to determine the effectiveness of the workshop. In addition, the survey will ask the participants whether or not gender issues have been addressed in the workshop and whether or not there will be improved and equal access and inclusivity for women to the opportunities that enable them to contribute to economic growth following the implementation of transparent processes and systems that prevent corruption.

Work Plan

There will be a 1 day workshop in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea in January of 2018. Topics discussed will be related to corruption preventative mechanisms encourage the engagement of the private sector and the public. Potential areas of discussions will be in relation to methods to enhance interactions between government and private sector in corruption prevention, sharing of experiences of success in preventing corruption, impacts of corruption in government processes and its links to cost and ease of doing business. In addition to the experts, the participants will also be invited to make presentations on their own experiences as speakers at the workshop. 

Time

Task

Deliverable

August – September 2017

Development of Project proposal and APEC approval process

Proposal Approval

November 2017

Desktop Research and develop pre-workshop questionnaire

Draft pre-workshop questionnaire

November – December 2017

Workshop Planning

Disseminate finalized pre-workshop questionnaire

December 2017 - January 2018

Implementation phase

Invitation of speakers, logistical preparations, development of agendas and workshop material

January 2018

Draft Agenda with list of speakers

Draft Agenda

January 2018

Send Admin Circular

Admin Circular

February 2018

Workshop

Hosting of Workshop (Margins of SOM 1 2018)

March - June 2018

Development of Workshop Report

Brief analysis Workshop Report

August 2018

Report to ACTWG and seek endorsement of workshop report

Risks

Risk

Mitigation Measure

Attendance at Workshop

To ensure maximum participation at the workshop, invitations and the administrative circular will be distributed in advance giving sufficient time for domestic approval processes in submitting nominations. ACTWG contacts will also be utilized to ensure attendance of relevant representatives.

Participation in Project Activities

Apart from Workshop attendance, participation in project activities such as questionnaires and providing information on best practices may be a challenge. Requests for responses to the questionnaire and input into project activities will be done in advance to allow sufficient time for follow up activities.

Time constraints

Preparation has begun well before project approval and therefore so many of the activities will go ahead as planned. E.g. the pre-workshop questionnaire has been developed and will be circulated in late December or early January. Potential speakers have also been identified and have already been reached out to with 2 confirming already.

Availability of Experts

Experts will be approached in advance, and secured within Dec 2017 and Jan 2018. Certain experts have been approached and have indicated interested in providing input and delivering presentations at the workshop.

Funding constraints

The main funding concerns is for travel and travel related expenses of speakers and participants, any additional expenses which fall outside of the APEC budget will be covered by a miscellaneous component that has been built into self-funding for this project.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The success of the project will primarily be determined through participation and exchanges at the Workshop. Surveys will also be conducted at the end of the Workshop, and documented in the workshop report to be produced. The workshop report will be presented to the 2nd ACTWG meeting in 2018. The workshop report will provide suggestions for advancing effective corruption prevention mechanisms for developing economies. 

An evaluation survey will be given to workshop participants to indicate their satisfaction with the logistical and more importantly the substantive discussions at the workshop. In addition, the survey will ask the participants whether or not gender issues have been addressed in the workshop 

The aim is to attract 100 participants from two-thirds of APEC member economies (14 economies) at the least. Success in ensuring this will be measured against the recorded number of participants at the event, including information on gender distribution, sector representation and the number of APEC member economies present. 

Progress at each stage of the project (as seen against the workplan above) will be based on the delivery of the expected output at each stage. Progress will also be assessed against the adherence to set timelines.

Linkages

The project builds on the work of the ACTWG on anti-corruption. Furthermore, the project will focus on the developing effective corruption prevention mechanisms which are a major way for addressing corruption. Since cross fora collaboration is important to corruption prevention and the development of effective corruption prevention mechanisms, the ABAC will be invited to attend the workshop to share ideas. In addition, This project aims to add value to other international efforts through best practices sharing on how best this protection can be afforded and implemented within the APEC region. UNCAC, UNODC, Transparency International, amongst others, will be invited to speak at this APEC event to give a broader perspective of efforts in this area.

Information on the workshop and suggestions for strengthening corruption prevention mechanisms will be provided to ABAC and SOM. Most of the work under ACTWG has been on remedial action taken, with little attention on prevention. This project will build off the work on remedial action taken including work on social engagement and the work of law enforcement agencies and governments in cracking down on work environments that promote corrupt practices.

Sustainability

The possible next step to build on from the output of the project would be to focus on the development of framework for APEC member economies promote the greater participation of society in corruption prevention in public processes.

Following the workshop, it is anticipated that Participants will use the skills and knowledge acquired to assess and determine the adequacy of regulatory processes preventing corruption and methods enhance and methods to promote private participation.

Participants will be able to develop the necessary recommendations to correct potential gaps that allow corrupt activities to flourish and develop training and awareness to their colleagues to be vigilant towards corrupts public officials and potential loopholes within systems that create ways for opportunist in positions of trust to capitalize and abuse these legitimate processes. The recommendations will also suggest future work that can be done by ACTWG to prevent corruption within APEC economies and within the region. Given that UNCAC reviews are on PART II on prevention, further capacity building on reporting on PART II will also be taken into account. Further work that will be considered will be how best APEC economies through the sharing of best practices can implement prevention mechanisms and initiatives to give full effect to obligations under UNCAC.

Project Overseers

Mr Londe Kalit, Senior Legal Officer, Officer of the State Solicitor – Department of Justice and Attorney General
Address: Level 8 Sir Buri Kidu Haus, Waigani Drive, Port Moresby, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea
Tel:  +6753012882; e-mail:  Londe.Kalit@justice.gov.pg

Londe Kalit is a Papua New Guinean National who holds a Bachelor in Law from the University of Papua New Guinea who practices in the area of administrative law. The Office of the State Solicitor in Papua New Guinea, is an independent state legal office that has the primarily role of providing legal advice to the State of Papua New Guinea and it’s instrumentalities as well as provide legal clearances. With respect to clearance, the Office of the State Solicitor is the custodian of several important administrative legal processes such as clearance for draft bills, contract of employment for heads of government institutions and government procurement. In his role as a Senior Legal Officer Londe is exposed to work that requires the provision legal advice to the state on instances of abuse of government administrative and clearance processes.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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