Project Title

Exchange of Experience to Add Value to Organic Waste from Small-Scale Fisheries and Aquaculture throgh its Reuse and Conversion into Innovative Products, which Contribute to Enhance Food Security 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

OFWG 03 2017 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

OFWG 03 2017 

Project Title

Exchange of Experience to Add Value to Organic Waste from Small-Scale Fisheries and Aquaculture throgh its Reuse and Conversion into Innovative Products, which Contribute to Enhance Food Security 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

84,456 

Co-funding Amount

26,300 

Total Project Value

110,756 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Papua New Guinea; Peru; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Julio Jorquera Guerrero 

Job Title 1

Official, Fisheries Development Division 

Organization 1

Undersecretariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture 

Postal Address 1

Bellavista 168, 19th Floor, Valparaiso, Chile 

Telephone 1

56-32 2502885 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jjorquera@subpesca.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Julio Jorquera Guerrero 

Project Summary

Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture generate organic waste. Adding value by reusing and converting organic waste into new products, such as food preservatives and thickening agents, food containers and products to improve the agriculture sector is, besides an economic alternative for coastal communities, micro and small enterprises, and also for women, an option to contribute to enhance food security, to a greater and better availability of food, and reduction of marine pollution. This project aims at organizing a workshop in Chile with experiences on product generation based on waste from small-scale fisheries and aquaculture activities. Experiences from inside and outside the APEC region are expected, taking into particular consideration those that can be replicated in APEC fishing and aquaculture communities. The workshop would be carried out in the second semester of 2018. A report will be prepared with the experiences presented and recommendations to achieve its replication.

Relevance

Organic wastes associated with small-scale fisheries and aquaculture are currently a problem for coastal communities, as they pollute waters and soils, attract pests (rodents) that act as vectors of diseases, generate a negative impact from the point of view of food security, health, tourism, resulting in an economic disadvantage for the sector. In Chile, in 2015, the fishing activity generated about 128 thousand tons of biological waste, which although having a high nutritional value, was discarded due to the lack of knowledge to reuse and recycle it. It is expected that other APEC economies are currently experiencing this same issue. Currently, there are different techniques and innovation actions that allow reusing and recycling the marine organic waste. Adding value to waste would generate many benefits for small fishing and aquaculture communities, such as generating an alternative source of income, creating new employments (particularly for women), improving their quality growth and prosperity, reducing the organic pollution, recovering areas for tourism, reducing and controlling pests that act as vectors of diseases, among others. However, some of the challenges usually observed to recycle and reuse organic waste are the lack of innovative knowledge and access difficulties related to technology and economic resources. Those difficulties are repeated in each one of the Asia Pacific Economies with a strong small-scale fishing and aquaculture vocation, where every day, beaches and landing areas are receiving different waste and/or discards of marine products, instead being exploited by the same fishermen and aquaculture farmers that generate them. 

This project is aligned with the Funding Criteria Rank 1 as follows: 

·  Food security, including food production, processing, supply chain and trade and safety, sustainable and climate resilient agriculture and fisheries, sustainability of these activities and rural development, innovative rural areas, technical cooperation and new technologies, as well as implementation of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020, the Food Security Business Plan, and the Piura Declaration on APEC Food Security.

·   Ocean-related issues for economic growth; including Blue Economy; fisheries; as well as aquaculture and the implementation of the Plan of Action on Food Security and Blue Economy; conservation and sustainable development of marine and coastal resources, including reduction of marine debris.

Objectives

1)  Raising awareness of the possibility of adding value to organic waste from human activities related to small scale fisheries and aquaculture and reducing related sanitary and environmental problems;

2) Strengthening capacities of participants to disseminate and replicate experiences of reuse of small scale fisheries and aquaculture waste in their respective economies; and

3)  Building and strengthening the innovation capacity and competitiveness of small-scale fishermen and aquaculture farmers in the sustainable management of organic wastes generated from their activities. Therefore, they could obtain an alternative source of income, create new employments (particularly for women), improve their quality growth and prosperity, and reduce the negative impact from marine organic wastes.

Alignment

This Project is in line with the 2016 Leaders Declaration and AMM Joint Statement; with the 2015 Leaders Declaration and Joint Ministerial Statement; with the Piura Declaration on Food Security 2016 and Food Security Road Map Towards 2020 and the APEC Action Plan for Reduction Food Loss and Waste; High Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and Blue Economy´s Action Plan (2015); with the APEC Food Losses Multi Year Project.; Green MSMES for Sustainable Development in APEC; 2016 APEC SME Ministerial Statement. This project also responds to Viet Nam´s Host Year OFWG priority for 2017 to “Promote Responsible Fisheries and Sustainable Marine Economic Development in Connection with Food Security and Hunger Alleviation”. According the 2016 Leaders Declaration and the other documents, this project contributes to address challenges to food security by promoting sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, and reducing food loss and waste. Furthermore, it pursues strengthening of MSEMs by increasing their innovation capacities and competitiveness.

The Project is aligned with the OFWG Strategic Plan 2016-2018 priorities, such as “Sustainable Development and Protection of the Marine Environment”, and “Food Security”. In addition, it will contribute to meeting the following objective of the OFWG Strategic Plan: “Enhancing the understanding of the role of oceans, sustainable fisheries, responsible development of aquaculture and sustainable use of marine resources to regional food security”, and “Enhancing cross-fora collaboration to support the mainstream of ocean-related issues in APEC”. This Project will also contribute to implementing the OFWG 2017 Work Plan, which states that the group will take actions to promote regional marine sustainable development; strengthen the role of sustainable fisheries and sustainable aquaculture in food security and related trade; increase cooperation with the PPFS; support Economies’ implementation of the 2030 Agenda; among others.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:  The project products are as follows: 

·  A three-day workshop to be held in Chile during the second semester 2018. Focal points of APEC economies and other information media will be contacted to identify experiences on reuse of small-scale fisheries and aquaculture biological waste; information collected will be systematized; experiences to be presented will be selected; speakers and experts will be contacted; and participation of representatives from APEC economies will be coordinated. The aim of this workshop is to share experience on product generation related to the food sector, based on waste from small-scale fisheries and aquaculture activities. The workshop will include the four speakers’ presentations which will encourage participation of women and representatives from small-scale fisheries and aquaculture. Additionally, attempts will be made to present cases from four developing/developed economies of good practices. There will be rounds of discussions to identify the best replicable practices, opportunities and limitations as well as lessons learned for the use of biological waste. There will also be a technical visit to know related local experiences. At the end of the workshop, a survey regarding the usefulness of information, replicability of the initiative, visualization of problems (economic, social, environmental), and possible limitations and evaluation of the workshop will be conducted. 

·  The report of the workshop will include the experiences presented in the workshop, conclusions of the rounds of discussion, results of the survey conducted and the list of participants. A digital publication of the report to be used by APEC economies will be disseminated. This dissemination of experiences acquired during the workshop will contribute to raise awareness of APEC economies in the use and reuse of waste.

Outcomes:

·  Participation of economies and cosponsors in every stage of the project. This will generate capacities through collaborative activities such as gathering information, identifying and contacting speakers and experts, development and dissemination of report.

·  The workshop and report developed will be a consultative tool for APEC economies. It will assist to know experiences and products to be elaborated from biological waste generated by small scale fisheries and aquaculture.

·  The aim of the digital document is to foster product development through replication of successful experiences contained in the document in accordance with local conditions.

·  A contribution to the development of public policies in the medium term is expected. APEC economies should foster reutilization of biological waste and promote research of by-product development.

· Workshop attendants will acquire new knowledge that could be implemented regarding some of the experiences gathered. This knowledge will also promote development of public policies regarding reuse.

·       Based on experiences shared, different public institutions from APEC economies (such as fisheries and aquaculture, environmental, sanitary, production development, and gender government agencies) could manage economic resources to promote development of new projects with the aim at reducing volume of biological waste and seeking new products to contribute with the development of settlements related to fisheries and aquaculture. This will also be a contribution to work and economic development and women integration in such activities.

3.     Beneficiaries: Who are the direct project participants and users of the outputs? Describe their qualifications, level of expertise, roles/level of responsibility, gender, economies represented, government departments, APEC fora involvement etc.. Explain how they will use and benefit from the outputs. Who else will benefit from the project and how? [½ to ¾ page]

a)    Direct Beneficiaries: Participants that will be invited to the workshop, such as small-scale fishermen and aquaculture farmers, government officials who can affect activities of small scale fisheries and aquaculture. Also, government officials and representatives of fisheries and aquaculture communities who will make use of the report. They will have updated and organized information and the opportunity to know about experiences for the development of projects using waste from fisheries and aquaculture activities.

Final outcomes, workshop and report will contribute as follows:

·         Policy makers and government official: Collection of successful experiences regarding waste use will generate useful information for government programs, such as financing programs that create added value products derived from waste and promote reduction of biological pollutants. Active participation of this sector is needed to disseminate and implement information. This sector is directly benefited from the knowledge acquired to implement programs related to waste reuse.

·         Small-scale fishermen and aquaculture farmers: Will have information on manners to reuse waste from their activities in order to generate new income sources.

Since the project’s budget allows to invite only one representative from each of the eligible APEC economies, the invitation will be aimed at APEC economies which will allocate the most suitable representative to participate in the workshop. Such representatives could be small-scale fishermen and aquaculture farmers, officials, leaders of related projects, among others.

Dissemination

This project considers the following activities to disseminate its results: 

·  At the end of the workshop, presentations made will be provided to participants in a USB flash disk.

·  One report will be produced, that will include the workshop program, collection of successful and non-successful experiences in APEC economies and presentations made, conclusions of the rounds of discussion, results of the survey conducted and the list of participants.

·  This report will be made available at the APEC website. The Project Overseer will send the final report to all focal points of the APEC Ocean and Fisheries Working Group and will encourage them to disseminated it through the websites of their organizations.

·  Using social media will also be considered to disseminate the discussions and ideas raised in the workshop.

·   Results of the workshop and a summary of the report will be presented at a OFWG meeting, previous request to its Chair.

The report will be sent to the Chair of PPFS and the possibility of making a presentation during one of its meeting will be requested.

Gender

The project development will allow knowing and sharing experiences among APEC economies aimed at focusing public policies on promoting alternatives of production diversification from a gender perspective. 

The workshop will take into account the participation of at least one woman with experience in the field as a speaker.

The use of fisheries and aquaculture waste constitutes an alternative of socioeconomic diversification of the sector where participation of women is acknowledged regarding the activities that add more value to products in the management of natural resources.

Therefore, knowing management experiences and initiatives developed by APEC economies would allow to implement other manner of promoting active participation of women in activities in which they have already started some type of production development. On the other hand, this will promote the establishment of international and regional networks to foster and share their experiences. All the aforementioned will recognize the actual contribution of women to economies, beyond the development of related activities considered collaborative.

Women will be actively involved both in the project planning and implementation. If there are experiences related to projects with participation of women, they will be given priority during the selection. 


Steps will be taken to make participation of women significant, mainly regarding inviting women related to fisheries and aquaculture. 

At the end of this project, the number of women participating will be evaluated as well as their degree of intervention in the final document.

Work Plan

The work plan would include:

Time

Tasks

Dec 2017

Preparing and sending an e-mail to the OFWG focal points of each Economy requesting information on experiences of innovative reuse and recycling of organic waste from the fishing and aquaculture activity, that are being developed in APEC Economies.

Jan-Apr 2018

Receiving and systematizing the information collected and make a selection of the most significant experiences, to be presented at the international workshop.

Jan-Apr 2018

Contacting the speakers and experts who could explain the experiences selected. The process would take into account speakers from economies with different status (developing, developed) and also include successful and non successful cases.

Feb-Aug 2018

Preparation activities leading to the Workshop such as contacting the hotel or venue to host the meetings, contacting participants, developing invitations and information for delegates. 

Sep 2018

Developing the APEC Workshop in Chile.

Nov –Dec 2018

Developing  and disseminating a report with workshop program, collection of successful and non-successful experiences in APEC economies and presentations made, conclusions of the rounds of discussion, results of the survey conducted and the list of participants.

Risks

Risks associated to the project’s implementation are as follows:

·   This project may face difficulties to achieve a high level of quality of speakers that are able to engage and fully address the objectives established within the project. Efforts will be made to obtain high quality responses. To increase the probability of attaining high level speakers, the Chilean network will play an important role, as will the co-sponsoring economies that have trade contacts that will motivate the participation in this project.

·   Management risk of information collection. A work schedule with all the activities and deadlines expected for the project development was designed. The significance of the work with APEC economies lies on the collection of information related to successful experiences of each one of them regarding waste treatment. In order to reduce risk of low responses by economies, it is important to contact and involve economies from the beginning in the development of the project through a communication mechanism that includes OFWG focal points of each economy.

·  Low interest in participating in the workshop. Interest of participation will be encouraged during OFWG meeting to be held the 1st quarter of 2018. Invitation will be sent in a timely and adequate manner. OFWG focal points will be contacted well in advance to promote participation of their relevant representatives.

·  Delays. One of the most significant risks is the low response from APEC economies regarding the use of waste to elaborate other products. As stages are sequential (reports, workshops, publications and dissemination), some delays can occur. To mitigate this issue, the work plan development is made to take this risk into account for potential setbacks that can be experienced.

·  Natural disasters. Earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and other natural disasters may cause cancellation of the workshop. These types of risks are not feasible to control.

.  Political issues. Are these issues another cause of low participation of APEC economies? This type of risk cannot be controlled either. Changes in government priorities of each economy.

Monitoring and Evaluation

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants, speakers, moderators and experts to assess the effectiveness of the dialogue with respect to the relevance on the topics, presentations by speakers, overall impact and suggestions for further activities or topics. The comments will be compiled and reflected in the final report. 

The indicators to evaluate the progress of the project are as follows:

·  Project planning that will be developed and validated by the responsible of the project;

·  Organization and development of the workshop;

.  Percentage of women attending the Workshop (at least 30%);

·  Number of Economies attending the workshop (at least 11 Economies);

·  Final version of the Report.

The project outcomes, in terms of impact, will be mainly reflected through the number of participants from different APEC economies, taking into consideration gender. In terms of its midterm impact, this can be measured by the number of downloads from the APEC web page of the workshops final report that will reflect the discussions undertaken during the workshop.

Linkages

This Project seeks to provide continuity to the actions of the Project developed by Peru in 2016 titled "Manual on Good Practices to Improve the Supply Chain of Marine Products Aiming to Maintain Public Health, Strengthen Food Security and Enhancing Trade in the Asia Pacific Region", because this project also pursues a proper and efficient management of the supply chain of marine products.

This Project is related to the Papua New Guinea 2017 project titled “Developing a Best Practice Global Value Chain Framework on Fisheries Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises”, so we would be attentive to its outputs and recommendations, to consider them in our project.

This Project seeks to be a complement to the 2013-2017 Project titled “Strengthening Public-Private Partnership to Reduce Food Losses in the Supply Chain”, and follows the recommendations of its seminar focus on reducing food losses in the supply chain of fishery and livestock (2015). 

This project is linked with the APEC commitment to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, since it contributes to the implementation of many SDGs, such us the SGD 2° (achieve food security), 8° (promote sustained economic growth), 9° (foster innovation), 12° (reduce waste generation through recycling and reuse), and 14° (sustainably use of marine resources, and provide access for small-scale fisheries to marine resources and market). 

This project is also linked with the Food Systems Program of the 10 Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns (10YFP). The goal of the Food Systems Program is to improve resource use efficiency and reduce the pollution intensity of food systems, from production to consumption, while addressing issues of food and nutrition security. This program also addresses the reduction of waste loss and encourages innovation along supply chains.

Sustainability

Once the project is completed and based on the different tools implemented, a positive impact will be generated for the defined beneficiaries as well as APEC economies. These tools include:

·  Participants of the workshop will be requested to share their experiences at their economies and disseminate the report, including through their institution’s websites. This report will include workshop program, collection of successful and non-successful experiences in APEC economies and presentations made, conclusions of the rounds of discussion, results of the survey conducted and the list of participants.

·  Economies interested in the reuse of biological waste and replicating some of the initiatives presented and indicated in the survey conducted at the end of the project will be contacted with the other economies to generate a network for potential future projects.

·  The last day of the workshop, a survey will be conducted, to assess the project effectiveness and to include  appraisals, comments and ideas that could lead to a potential phase II.

·  Previous consultation with the Chair of the meeting, results of the workshop will be disseminated at the APEC meeting to be held in Chile in 2019, such as the OPWG and PPFS meetings.

Project Overseers

Julio Jorquera Guerrero
Professional of the Sectoral Analysis Department
Undersecretariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture

Chilean, Fishing Engineer graduated at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaíso, Chile. During the last 10 years he has worked in the Public Service related to the national fisheries and aquaculture sector. He worked 7 years in the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service, mainly as an inspector and official related to small-scale fisheries. He has been working in the Undersecretariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture during the last 3 years as an analyst of the Sectoral Analysis Department involved in socioeconomic analysis of national fisheries and aquaculture activities.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

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