Project Title

APEC Project for Youth Employment Promotion 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

HRD 04 2017 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

HRD 04 2017 

Project Title

APEC Project for Youth Employment Promotion 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

126,466 

Co-funding Amount

23,800 

Total Project Value

150,266 

Sponsoring Forum

Human Resource Development Working Group (HRDWG) 

Topics

Human Resources Development 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Korea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; Indonesia; Chile; Malaysia; Mexico; Thailand; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/07/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Jeon Hwa-Ick 

Job Title 1

Executive Director 

Organization 1

GIFTS, HRD Korea 

Postal Address 1

#21417, 77 Munemi-ro, 448bein-gil, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon, Korea 

Telephone 1

82-32 5091800 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jeonhi@hrdkorea.or.kr 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Jeon Hwa-Ick 

Project Summary

This project is a follow-up action to the『APEC Framework for Youth Education, Employment, and Entrepreneurship』, which was adopted by the 2016 HRDWG and reflected in the joint statement of the 6thEducation Ministerial Meeting as well as the AMM Joint Statement in 2016. 

Korea plans to hold a policy forum on youth employment in May 2018 in Seoul, where policy makers from each APEC economy will be invited to share their experiences and discuss ways to move forward as well as policy options to enhance the employability of youth within the Asia-Pacific region.

The following will be discussed at the forum:

1) Youth employment policies and best practices of each economy

2) Policies to enhance the youth vocational training skills and best practices

3) The current status related to mutual recognition of skills in the region and the promotion of labor mobility

4) Regional cooperation plans for promoting youth employment

Relevance

The rate of global youth unemployment has increased significantly, from 11.7% in 2007 to 13.3% in 2010. Since then, it has remained at around 13.0%, failing to bounce back to its previous level before the global financial crisis of 2008 (Source: ILO Global Employment Trends for Youth 2015). According to the ILO, the number of unemployed youth continues to grow (71 million as of 2016) along with the overall unemployment rate around the world, and almost 43 percent of the labor force among the global youth population still remains unemployed or is working yet living in poverty. 

As stated in the 『APEC Framework for Youth Education, Employment, and Entrepreneurship』, which was adopted by the APEC Human Resources Development Working Group in 2016, approximately 11.4% of the youth population in the Asia-Pacific region is neither employed nor enrolled in education or training, which means that they are least likely to be employed in the future. This is a matter of serious concern as it represents a decline in the engine for future growth.

Paying attention to the fact that the employment environment and the education-employment policies for youth over the past 10 years varied in different economies, the project will try to identify key efforts to improve youth employment and their employability by sharing policies to enhance youth vocational skills among economies. From various discussions within the APEC, it has been identified that labor mobility can contribute in reducing unemployment. In this regard, the project will also try to examine the issue of international mobility of qualification and the possibility of youth mobility among economies. The purpose of this project is to contribute to establishing strategies for cooperation among APEC economies to enhance employability of youth within the APEC region, which should be one of the key areas in the HRDWG’s future works. 

This project is directly connected to RANK 1 of the APEC Fund criteria (Human capital development, including implementation of the Strategic Plan on education, skills development, science and technology and capacity building, alignment of education and training to the regional labor market needs and youth employment) as it aims at enhancing youth employment and youth vocational skills. The project is also in line with the other aspect of RANK 1 (Standards, conformity assessment, technical regulations, regulatory cooperation, and regulatory coherence, including good regulatory practices) as it is aims to promote mutual recognition of skills and enhance labor mobility.

Objectives

The objectives of this forum are to:

·  Share policy experiences to draw on meaningful implications in which participants from APEC economies can utilize to establish and improve their respective policies for youth employment;

·  Provide opportunities with young people to present their views ideas regarding the support policies they are in need;

·  Provide opportunities to discuss how to promote the youth mobility plan between APEC economies by enhancing the international mobility of qualifications; and

·  Contribute to reducing mismatch between employers and job seekers in the Asia-Pacific region.

Alignment

The 2016 Leaders’ Declaration stressed that “Given that full and productive employment for all population groups is essential for human development in the region, we also recognize that the economic empowerment of women, youth and persons with disabilities should be a priority under the APEC agenda for enhancing quality growth and human development.” In addition, the 2016 AMM Joint Statement also mentioned that “we are committed to strengthening our efforts to tackle youth unemployment under the APEC Framework for Youth Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship which was adopted by the HRDWG.” Furthermore, the APEC 2016 Tasking Statement for 2017 recognizes that youth unemployment should be tackled under the APEC Framework for Youth Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship as one of the actions required in 2017 by the HRDWG. 

Against this background, the project is in line with the『APEC Framework for Youth Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship』. This project aims to share the policy experiences of each economy for enhancing youth employment, policies to increase youth employment prospects, and policies related to youth labor mobility.  All of these elements will contribute to developing a cooperative plan for the promotion of youth employment in APEC economies.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs:

1) Studies and Research on Best practices of Youth Employment Policies in the APEC region: 
Employment-related indicators in the APEC region vary from economy to economy. Therefore, we will select 4-5 economies with good youth employment indicators and conduct studies and research on the current youth employment status and related policies including employment support service and unemployment support service, etc. The findings of the research will be shared with the participants of the forum and with the APEC member economies, and furthermore they will be used as discussion material at the forum held from May 29 to 30. 

2) A two-day Forum for Youth Employment Promotion: A forum for Youth Employment Promotion will be held in Seoul, Korea on May 29-30. It is expected that the participants will share policy experiences to derive meaningful implications. Also, the forum will invite young people to present their views and ideas regarding the support policies they are in need of.

Participants will be government officials and policy makers from labour and education related ministries, researchers and experts who are engaged in youth employment policies.

The forum will cover the following:

a) Youth employment policies and best practices of each economy

b) Policies and best practices to enhance the vocational training skills for the youth

c)  The current status related to mutual recognition of skills in the region and the promotion of labour mobility

d) Regional cooperation plans to promote youth employment 

Best practices of 4-5 economies will be selected and target economies will be those who have less than 10% of youth unemployment rate among APEC. Potential economies include Thailand, Japan, Singapore, Vietnam, Hong Kong and Mexico based on the levels of youth unemployment rate. 

Forum results: Participants will present their opinions on the second day of the Forum and discuss ways to promote cooperation and adopt the forum results. The results of the forum may include the following:

a) Establishment of a network for promoting youth employment and encouraging participation

b) Plans to apply the best practices discussed in the forum to the participating economies

c)  Other issues that require collaboration in the APEC region to promote youth employment 

The decisions and plans formed at the forum will be finalized through the agreement of the participants and the HRDWG, and a summary report will be submitted to the SOM so that it will be included in the Leaders’ Declaration. A full report on the outcome of the forum will be completed and shared through APEC secretariat until July 2018.

3) A Study Tour on Youth Employment Promotion: A study tour will be organised on May 31 for the participants of the two-day Forum. The participants will visit ‘Job World’ which is a public institutions that carry out youth career guidance programs or Job Center which offers job placement services and more to understand their best practices, areas that need improvement, and challenges in policy implementation.

Outcomes:

1) Establishing a successful youth employment policy and thereby lowering youth unemployment rate:
  Through the studies and research presented at the two-day forum and discussions, the participants will have the opportunity to listen to policy implementation experiences, success stories and recommendations from the economies with good youth employment indicators.

The policy makers from member economies participating in the forum will be able to benchmark best practices in setting up youth employment policies, thereby minimizing the policy trial and error. Successful policy formulation and implementation will reduce youth unemployment rate in the APEC member economies, thereby maximizing the economic activities of young people, the driving force for future growth. 

2) Enhancing youth employability by improving vocational training skills: In order to bridge the gap between the job skills required in the labor market and the competences gained through education and training, vocational training skills should be improved and upgraded to reflect current requirements.

The participants will be able to successfully establish a vocational training enhancement policy by benchmarking the best practices shared at the forum and discuss these improvements and ultimately improve the employability of young people. 

3) Prepare a plan to promote labor mobility: Measures to enhance labor mobility will be discussed at the two-day forum. Labor mobility will be examined as a means to bridge the gap between available skills and labor demand. This will enable young people to work where their skills are needed. 

4) Establishing regional cooperation plans for promoting youth employment: Through this forum, a written consensus on the importance of employment policies and employability skills will be formed for promoting youth employment among APEC member economies, and a social network among HRDWG will be formed for establishing concrete implementation plans in the future. 

Beneficiaries: Participants in the projects will include experts and policy makers in the area of education and labor with more than 5 years of experience, youth businesses with more than 3 years of experience, training institutions offering youth vocational training, etc. and they will benefit from the project. Participants will be comprised of 15 government officials either from the education or labor ministries, 6 research experts with the expertise of employment and labor related policies. Two teams of 5 Korean youth representatives will be selected through public advertisement and selection committee based on their achievement made through current public employment support programs and proposals for the improvement for current employment related policies in Korea. Exchange of information and experience will contribute to the policy improvement in the long run.

The direct beneficiaries of this project are: 

a)  Policy makers establishing and implementing youth employment policies: Prior to the forum, the Project Overseer will conduct research on best practices of youth employment and share the findings at the forum.  The participants will also have the opportunity to establish regional cooperation plans through sharing national cooperation plans and form a policy exchange network in the future. This project also helps the participants to establish policies that are beneficiary-centered by providing them with the opportunity to directly listen to the target segment.

b) Youth in APEC region: This project will allow the policymakers to better prepare policies and cooperation measures for promoting youth employment, improving vocational training skills and ultimately creating more employment opportunities for youth in the APEC region. 

c) Training institutions and private businesses providing youth vocational training: Through discussions to improve vocational training skills, the policymakers in each economy will be able to mobilize better training policies, enable mostly public training institutions to provide young people with better vocational training skills and match private businesses in need of workers to young job seekers armed with appropriate job-related skills.

Dissemination

Within APEC: We will distribute printed research reports and forum materials directly to forum participants (21 participants, one from each economy) and share soft copies with the member economies through APEC Secretariat after the forum is concluded. 

Others: The forum results including policy recommendations will be uploaded on the APEC website, allowing the non-members to freely download and use them for policy improvement. 

There is no plan to sell the above mentioned results.

Gender

The project will encourage full participation of women in all stages of studies and research, forum participation, etc. The Project Overseer will actively support the participation and engagement of both men and women. At the same time, the female participants will be part of all sessions of the forum. Session 1 will cover the topic for female youth issues and special session by Korean youth should include at least 2 female members in each team. Each session will engage at least 1 female expert speaker.

Work Plan

Period

Activities

How will it be implemented

member economies, beneficiaries & others involved

Outputs

December

2017

Invitation of global experts

Send an invitation to OECD or ILO experts on youth employment policies.

P/O

Presentation on issues of youth employment policies from global perspective

January

2018

Studies and Research

Start conducting studies and research.

Research method will be followed by next steps.

1)Literature review(3pax*5days*8hrs)

2)Overseas trip(2pax*5days*8hrs)

3)Internal consultation(5pax*10hrs)

2-3 member economies with good youth employment indicators

Korean experts

Report on current youth employment status and policies of economies with good youth employment indicators

February

2018

Circulating a general information note

Nomination of participants

Circulate a general information note on the forum and ask HRDWG members to nominate participants who will represent their economies

APEC  Secretariat HRDWG members, experts

General Information,

List of participants,

-       List of speakers

March

2018

Select young Korean presenters

Select young Korean  presenters and ask them to prepare a presentation regarding the support policies they are in need of

Korean youth interested in youth employment

Presentation files of young participants

March

2018

Finalize the research

Provide information on the result of the studies and research

APEC member economies

Result of studies and research

May 2018

Two-day forum in Seoul, Korea

Conduct a two-day forum in Korea

APEC Secretariat, HRDWG member economies, speakers, young Korean participants

Forum results

May

2018

One-day study visit

Arrange a one-day study visit

HRDWG members, speakers

Study visit result

June –July

2018

Complete report on the outcome of the forum

Prepare and share a full report on the outcome of the forum

P/O and APEC Secretariat

Final report

2018

HRDWG

Presentation on the outcomes of the forum

Provide a brief presentation on the outcomes of the forum at HRDWG meeting in 2018

HRDWG members, APEC Secretariat

Presentation files on the project

Risks

Risk

Management Approach

Short study period

Since it is difficult to collect best practices for youth employment from all APEC member economies, the Project Overseer will select 4 to 5 economies with low youth unemployment rates and excellent youth employment policies 

Disagreement on forum results

Facilitate sufficient feedback among participants in advance about the direction of the forum and  possible outcomes

Project Overseer’s first project

using APEC Funds

HRD Korea has successfully conducted joint conferences, forums and workshops with international organizations such as World Bank, ASEAN, IDB, UNESCO and ILO, and has sufficient professional staff and experience.

Low participation

Nomination process will begin early of February 2018 so that ample time for invitation could be secured. Also, reminder will be sent out through APEC secretariat for their participation. Co-sponsoring economies will be encouraged to participate.

Low quality of presentation

Presentation guidelines and format will be provided to each presenter so that the quality of presentation will be ensured.

Low quality of research results

Research will be followed by next steps,1)Literature review 2)Overseas trip 3)Internal consultation and it will ensure the quality of research results.

Poor Engagement of volunteer economies

Most of volunteer economies will be asked to attend as a panel so that they can contribute the forum.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Indicators of the project are as follows: 

1) Participation of the member economies: Participation of HRDWG members in the project implementation including research, forum, feedback on the results, etc. will also be used as a performance index. 

2) Number of youth presenters: 2 teams of 10 youth representatives will present their views on ideas of support the current employment policies they need. 

3) Number of economies researched: 4-5 economies with good youth employment indicators will be studied.

4) Forum participants’ satisfaction: On the second day of the forum, a survey will be conducted for forum participants on the effectiveness of the project and areas in need of improvement. Survey form will be comprised of questions that evaluate satisfaction of  the forum in different perspectives which include contents, logistics, experts, study visit and services of PO, etc.  The result of the survey will be reflected in the performance report and will be submitted to APEC HRDWG by the end of 2017.

Linkages

The project will invite experts from APEC members as lecturers and engage policy makers so that they can share their experiences and seek possible ways for future development. The project also involves discussions regarding the labor mobility of youth, which draws upon the current cross-fora initiative to develop an “APEC Labor Mobility Framework” coordinated by Australia. The outcome of the project will be open to non-APEC members as well so that they may freely utilize the final report when establishing their own policies for Youth Employment Promotion.

This project will actively utilize the lessons learned from the past and ongoing projects of APEC HRDWG. 

- Project DARE (Data Analytics Raising Employment): An Employer Driven Approach to Prepare the Youth Workforce for a Data Driven Future (HRD 04 2016A)

-  Workshop on the Development of an APEC Labour Mobility Framework (HRD18 2016S)

-  Skills Mapping across APEC Economies – A Tool to Promote Regional Economic Integration and Address Skill Shortages (HRD 02 2012A)

-  Effective Labour Market Signaling: A strategy for solving the problem of Unemployment and Talent Mismatch (HRD 03 2010)

-  Promoting Good Practice and Policies for Young People’s Work in APEC Economies (HRD 10 2009)

- TVET and HRD Training program for Experts (2008~ 2011, HRD 07 2008A)

- APEC Seminar on Strengthening Youth Work and Youth Structure in the APEC Region (HRD 10 2008A)

According to the APEC’s mission statement, “We are united in our drive to build a dynamic and harmonious Asia-Pacific community by championing free and open trade and investment, promoting and accelerating regional economic integration, encouraging economic and technical cooperation, enhancing human security, and facilitating favorable and sustainable business environment. Our initiatives turn policy goals into concrete results and agreements into tangible benefits.” 

In this regard, promotion of youth employment, which is the purpose of this project, will contribute to the APEC’s goal. Therefore, the success of this project will contribute to the achievement of APEC’s mission.

Sustainability

This project will continue to contribute to the promotion of youth employment after the APEC funding has been utilized in the following form:

-  Research and project results will be shared with HRDWG members in the form of soft copy.

-  One of the possible targets of the forum held in May 2018 is to draw up the regional cooperation measures for the promotion of youth employment and to pursue the follow-up project.

-  To this end, the Project Overseer is planning to include the report of the project in the 2018 APEC Leaders’ meeting agenda, which will actively drive future projects.

Project Overseers

Project Overseer for this project is Dr. JEON Hwa Ick.

Dr. JEON Hwa Ick is an Executive Director of Global Institute for Transferring Skills (GIFTS) of the Human Resources Development Service of Korea (HRD Korea), a governmental organization under the Ministry of Employment and Labor. He has more than 20 years of experience in Human Resources Development. 

He holds a Ph.D. in Human Resources Development from the Korea University of Technology & Education(KOREATECH). His main areas of interest include human capital, learning organizations, organizational performance, innovative behavior, vocational training and development cooperation. Dr.JEON is also a vice-chairman of the Korea Association of Skills and Qualifications.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

This project will require total 40 days of contract with short-term clerical assistants who will provide administrative support for the project implementation. 

A group of researchers will be contracted to study employment-related indicators of the topmost 4-5 economies with good youth employment indicators. The total hours funded by APEC is 250 hours.

Waivers

Translation will be used in a research of best practices of 4-5 economies with good youth employment indicators and research and study results will be distributed as forum materials for forum participants.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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