Project Title

PREP - Peer Review on Efficient Power 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

EWG 12 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 12 2017A 

Project Title

PREP - Peer Review on Efficient Power 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

150,000 

Co-funding Amount

25,000 

Total Project Value

175,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Japan 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Scott M Smouse 

Job Title 1

Chair, Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy 

Organization 1

US Department of Energy 

Postal Address 1

1000 Independence Ave, Sw, Washington, DC 20585, USA 

Telephone 1

1-202 5866278 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

scott.smouse@hq.doe.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Scott M Smouse 

Project Summary

Coal will continue to meet much of the APEC region’s electricity demand for many years. Maintaining efficient operations is often difficult for developing economies as their coal-fired power plants age, owing to a lack of knowledge and resources – resulting in increased fuel consumption and emissions and higher operating costs. A PREP – Peer Review on Efficient Power initiative for coal power generation is proposed wherein experts will review current coal power generation practices in APEC developing economies. Modelled after the APEC PREE initiative, PREP Peer Review Teams from developed member economies will visit two volunteer economies in this first phase to collect information from government ministries and regulators, power utilities, industry associations, and other relevant stakeholders. A report on findings, including summaries of current coal power plant management practices to assure optimum reliable performance will be prepared for each volunteer economy and recommendations made to improve plant performance.

Relevance

Coal will continue to meet much of the APEC region’s electricity demand for many years. Deploying high-efficiency coal-fired electricity technologies benefits APEC economies by reducing fuel costs and pollutants, while contributing towards a reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.  However, maintaining efficient operations is often difficult for some developing economies as their coal-fired power plants age, owing to a lack of knowledge and resources – resulting in increased fuel consumption and emissions and higher operating costs. Thus, a PREP – Peer Review on Efficient Power initiative for coal power generation is proposed wherein power sector experts from developed APEC economies will review current coal power generation practices in APEC developing economies. This project aims to begin addressing the knowledge gap that exists in these economies, which will provide a basis for delineating needed resources and considering means to secure these resources. Modelled after the APEC PREE initiative, PREP Peer Review Teams from developed member economies will visit two volunteer economies in this first phase to collect information from government ministries and regulators, power utilities, industry associations, and other relevant stakeholders. This will include formalized and informal guidance, procedures, and methodologies, and seek to identify the highest payback opportunities for each economy. A report on findings, including summaries of current coal power plant management practices to assure optimum reliable performance, will be prepared for each volunteer economy, and will contain recommendations on how to improve plant performance.

The project falls within Rank 2 of the APEC Funding Criteria for all APEC-Funded Projects 2017: Projects related to the implementation of the APEC’s Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth: more specifically, under Sustainable Growth: Energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources; and under Innovative Growth: Innovation policy and research cooperation, including harnessing new technologies for the future.

Objectives

Two PREP Peer Review Teams from developed APEC member economies, each possibly consisting of 3-6 experts, will visit the two volunteer developing economies in this first phase to collect information from government ministries and regulators, power utilities, industry associations, and other relevant stakeholders. Their objectives are:

·  To develop a report for each volunteer economy on their findings, including summaries of current coal power plant management practices, along with recommendations to improve coal power plant performance through broader sharing of best practices in each economy, and among various APEC economies.  This is expected to include identification and prioritization of low-cost improvement opportunities with quick paybacks along with higher cost opportunities with longer execution times for each volunteer economy.

·  To provide lessons learned for subsequent PREP visits to other APEC developing economies that could improve the information collection process.

·  To provide recommendations for an APEC expert workshop on improving the efficiency of existing coal power plants, which could be proposed to APEC for funding consideration.

This information will be shared with governments and utilities in the APEC region to assist in their planning and decision processes related to maintaining efficient coal power generation in their economies.

Alignment

This project responds to the APEC Energy Ministers’ 2014 Declaration and instructions to the EWG:

·  Since fossil fuel will continue to play significant role in the energy mix of this region in the medium to long term, we therefore reaffirm the importance of clean and efficient use of fossil fuel. We encourage member economies, where there are difficulties to quickly deploying alternatives to coal, to enhance cooperation in developing and applying clean coal technologies such as highly efficient coal-fired power plants.

·  We instruct the EWG through the EGCFE to promote clean coal technologies, such as Ultra-Supercritical (USC) coal-fired power generation, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS).

It also responds to the Energy Ministers' 2015 Cebu Declaration including the following statements:

·  The future economic growth of the APEC region will be supported by an appropriate mix of energy resources and power generation technologies that includes both conventional and renewable energy with increasing priority for clean energy sources and enhanced energy efficiency.

·  In transitioning to a low-carbon economy we will explore the contribution of clean energy technologies and energy efficient initiatives in the transport and power sectors.

The Energy Ministers have instructed the Energy Working Group to:

·  Facilitate joint research and development on clean fossil energy technologies that are adapted to the needs of APEC members, as well as demonstrate and disseminate appropriate clean fossil energy technologies.

·  Increase understanding of the relevant clean fossil energy technologies including carbon capture, use, and storage (CCUS), promoting their efficient use, and facilitating access to these technologies by encouraging information exchange.

TILF/ASF Justification

The project is intended to provide detailed information to APEC developing economies that will enable them to develop their understanding and implementation of best practices for enhancing the efficiency of coal-fired power generation. This will be a valuable support for their capacity building needs.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: In the planning stage, the Project Overseer, in consultation with a representative of each PREP Peer Review Team, will lay out a structure for the visits by the PREP Teams to the two volunteer APEC economies, and for their reports on the outcome of their visits.

The PREP teams will be charged with including gender as an important consideration in their fact-finding visits, and considering discussions of related issues from the women's perspective in the peer Reviews. An example could be reduction of adverse impacts of coal use on women stemming from the use of more efficient generating technologies. Further discussion of the gender topic is contained in Sections 9 an 10 below.

Following their visits to the two economies, the PREP Teams will each detail the information obtained and conclusions drawn from their visits. The Project Overseer aided by the Project Steering Committee (PSC) will consolidate the results obtained by the PREP teams into a final report of the project. The report and other information and communication materials provided for publication will comply with relevant APEC Guidelines.

The report will include summaries of current coal power plant management practices to assure optimum reliable performance, and will develop recommendations on ways to improve plant performance. There is likely to be a recommendation to organize and hold an APEC expert workshop tasked with examining the results of the project and suggesting appropriate follow-up activities.

Outcomes: The outputs from this project will help to put APEC developing economies with rapidly growing use of coal for electricity generation into a position to apply more effective and efficient power generation technologies for new or upgraded generating plants; to enhance their operational capabilities for improving the performance of existing plants; and to build the professional capabilities and capacity for achieving these objectives efficiently.

The resulting efficiency improvements will contribute to reductions in the growth of local environmental emissions and impacts due to coal-fired power generation. Over the longer term they will contribute to international efforts aimed at reducing the growth of greenhouse gas emissions and the resulting impacts of global climate change.

Beneficiaries: The intended project beneficiaries and stakeholders are expected to be:

·  Key government officials involved in decision-making on clean coal technologies; fossil power generation strategies; greenhouse gas mitigation; and relevant environmental/regulatory issues

·  Power generation sector decision-makers

·  Power engineering and technology supply sectors

·  Institutes and academia involved in economic and policy analysis in this area

·  The general public and potentially future generations.

·  Other international fora active in this topic area (e.g., IEA/OECD).

They will benefit in a number of ways:

·  Energy, coal and power generation policymakers will benefit from information and data on policies and measures to accelerate advanced power generation technologies deployment, and on ways to increase their generating efficiency.

Governments and the power generation sector in developing APEC economies will benefit from capacity building through improved knowledge and access to this information.

·  The power engineering and technology supply sectors will be better placed to identify opportunities for deployment of technologies and methods to improve power generation efficiencies in developing APEC economies

·  The public stands to benefit through reduced emissions of environmental pollutants due to the use of more efficient and less polluting technologies.

.  Future generations may benefit from increased sustainability due to the beneficial effects on global climate of reduced accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere as a result of cleaner and more efficient fossil fuel use.

Dissemination

The final report will be posted on the APEC, EGCFE, and EWG websites for viewing and downloading. This will enable the results of the project to be shared with other international fora active in this area.  in addition, it is envisaged that the results will be presented at an APEC-EGCFE Clean Fossil Energy Technical and Policy Seminar following project completion.

The target audience includes:

·  Key government officials involved in decision-making with regard to coal-fired power generation, including energy and environmental ministries/agencies

·  Technical and financial decision-makers in the power generation sector

·  Technical experts

·  Other electric utility and related industry sector representatives

·  Research and policy research organizations.

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

The EWG always encourages participation of women from all APEC members in all its committees, projects, and activities. Women have served in the past as the principal investigators/lead authors of several EGCFE projects. Participation by women in the project steering committee will be encouraged, and the committee will encourage women to participate actively in the project.

The project will be carried out by a consultant in response to a tender. The RFP will stress the need to involve women in both planning and implementation stages. In the evaluation of submitted bids in response to the project RFP, specific attention will be given to qualified women proposed by the bidder. The EGCFE members involved will ensure that the winning submission adheres to the priorities of the Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC (“Accelerate the progress of integrating women in the mainstream of APEC processes and activities” and “Promote and encourage the involvement of women in all APEC fora”). The APEC Framework, as well as the Gender Analysis Guide and other relevant documents, will be made available to those involved in all aspects of the project; their application will be monitored throughout the project.

The degree of women involvement, in terms of responsibility and numbers, can be evaluated objectively at the conclusion of the project. Of particular interest in this regard, apart from the number and qualifications of women experts in the project, will be their input to the analysis, and the consequences of their input for the project results and conclusions, both as far as gender is concerned and in general.

The primary objective of the project is information transfer related to the environmentally sustainable and efficient use of coal for power generation in the APEC region.  Having an adequate, dependable, and efficient supply of energy in the APEC Region benefits men and women equally with regards to economic development and protection of the environment.  Populations at the lowest economic levels of society the most, e.g., women can be uplifted by provision of electricity to replace direct use of domestic fuels, such as wood or coal, for cooking and space heating, and freed from the daily time-consuming efforts to secure and use these fuels. In addition, harmful health impacts from exposure to pollution from uncontrolled combustion at the household level can be significantly reduced.

Work Plan

The first task is to form a management team led by a Project Overseer (PO), an APEC representative, who would be charged with overseeing the planning and progress of the work. A consultant team reporting to the manager would be made up of engineers, technologists, policy analysts, and financial advisors. The work would be carried out under the guidance of an APEC Project Steering Committee (PSC) composed of EGCFE experts, as well as government and industry representatives from member economies. The role of women in the team, and the impacts of the project on women, should be clearly specified during the planning stage and as the project proceeds.

Specific outputs are underlined in the following list:

-  December 2017- February 2018: Develop a detailed work plan for the project along with the structure of the final report, including timetables. With the Project Overseer and Project Steering Committee, secure a commitment from two volunteer economies for the first phase of the PREP initiative.

-  March 2018 - July 2018: PREP Review Team visits volunteer economies to collect information. Draft report preparation initiated.

-  August 2018: Complete a first draft of a final project report.

-  September 2018: Draft final report submitted for review by the Project Steering Committee.

-  October 2018: Project report finalized for publication by APEC. The report is expected to contain recommendations for follow-on work on high-efficiency power generation.

This work plan could also take the form lf a simple activity matrix with Time/Tasks/Deiiverables in three columns, which might facilitate the understanding of the outputs in relation to the project timeline. 

TIME

TASKS

DELIVERABLES

December 2017

Set up Management Team and Project Steering Committee

Form Consultant Team

Agreed Management Team Names and Roles

Consultant Team Names and Roles Agreed

December - February 2018

Develop detailed work plan and deliverables for PREP

Detailed responsibilities of Consultant Team

February 2018

Secure PREP commitment from two volunteer economies for fact-finding visits

Timetable for visits and definition of detailed information sought agreed with volunteer economies

March - July 2018

Carry out PREP Review Team visits to volunteer economies

Structure, timing and planned content of final project report defined

July - August 2018

Initiate drafting of final project report

First draft of final project report

September 2018

Submit draft report for review by Project Steering Committee

Detailed comments on structure and content of final report

 October 2018

Revise project report taking into account PSC comments.

Discuss and define next steps on PREP. 

Final review of report by Project Steering Committee

Recommendations for follow-on PREP activities

Risks

Risk identification and mitigation planning at the outset are critical to project success.

Among risks faced by the Project may be the following:

·  Timely Identification and selection of the most appropriate consultant team via an RFP.

·  Detailed specification by the consultant team of the types of information required for a power generation plant to become a case example.

·  Identification of possible sources of information on efficient power generation in APEC economies that may be used as case examples for the project

·  Request for APEC economies interested in volunteering for this phase of the PREP initiative and willing to submit detailed evidence of availability of one or more power generation plants capable of providing the necessary information.

·  Comparison by a team of experts of the evidence provided, leading to selection of the most appropriate two volunteer economies to participate in this phase of the project.

·  Comparability of the data obtained from the two volunteer economies.

·  Ability to obtain, from the examples analyzed, conclusions that are generic enough to provide lessons for selection of CCTs in future projects.

.  Timely project completion and publication of the results.

·  Appropriate follow-up on implementation of the project recommendations concerning policies and actions to promote deployment of CCTs.

As the project progresses, additional risks may emerge requiring mitigation and management. The contractor selected to carry out the project will be required to focus on the risks and have a mitigation plan for each of them. The RFP will highlight the need for responders to clearly specify how they would plan to deal with each of the risks, and to identify other risks that they perceive might arise in the planning and implementation phases of the project.

The EGCFE has developed a set of criteria and scoring methodology for assessment of responses to RFPs and consultant selection. Use of this process facilitates objective assessment by a team of EGCFE experts and achievement of consensus on the appropriate choice among RFP responders.  Following selection, the PSC and the consultant team selected to carry out the project will be aware of the potential risks, as well as others that may be identified in the process, and will work together to minimize them.  Appropriate follow-up will be discussed in the EGCFE and in its periodic Clean Fossil Energy Seminars.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The deliverables shown under Work Plan will provide a substantive measure of progress in carrying out the project. The results of the project will be shared with other international fora active in this area, including the IEA. As indicated above, the mandate of the consultant team will include identification of impacts on women. Longer-term success could be the influence of the results in affecting the trajectory of new coal power plant efficiencies.

Reviews of current coal-fired power plant management practices, along with recommendations to improve coal power plant performance through broader sharing of best practices within each economy and among various APEC economies, would provide a useful basis for improvements in generating efficiencies.  This is expected to include identification and prioritization of low-cost improvement opportunities with quick paybacks, along with higher cost opportunities with longer execution times for each volunteer economy.

Feedback from members of the PSC, EGCFE and EWG will be an indicator of success in the short term.  The PSC will include members of the EGCFE, and they will provide the feedback link to the EGCFE and EWG. It is likely that the progress in Project EWG 12 2017A will be reported to the EWG and their feedback sought at EWG Meetings. The longer-term measures of success will be use of the project results by developing APEC economies in supporting their decision-making on efficiency improvements applied to new coal-fired power generation projects in their economies. Feedback on this will be sought via significant coal-using EGCFE and EWG members, and from coal power generation and technology supply industry experts. One way to obtain this feedback could be via an item on the agenda of EWG meetings at five-year intervals beginning in 2025, with the results analyzed and synthesized in the EWG meeting report.

Linkages

In 2008, the EWG introduced a voluntary review process entitled Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE). It put in place an ongoing series of reviews of economy energy efficiency polices and programs across APEC economies. As its name suggests, the reviewers are energy efficiency experts sourced from peer APEC economies. The PREE reviews the economy's energy efficiency and conservation policy framework, strategic and sectoral programs, and seeks to identify high performance programs. As the first paragraph of Section 1 of this document indicated, the proposed PREP methodology is modeled after that of the PREE, though significantly narrower in scope in that it focuses on power generation efficiency. To the extent that PREE includes types of information on power generation that overlap with those of the proposed PREP, these will be referenced and the information checked for their relevance to the situation a decade later. This will minimize the risk of duplication of work while allowing PREP to benefit from the earlier activity.

The final report will be posted on the APEC, EGCFE, and EWG websites. This enables the results of the project to be shared with other international fora active in this area. In addition, the results will be presented at an EGCFE Clean Fossil Energy Technical and Policy Seminar or an appropriate power conference in the region, following project completion.

The APEC region, especially developing APEC economies, has the highest projected growth for new electricity generation, and is projected to rely heavily on coal for much of this new generating capacity. Owing to this rapid growth in coal-fired generation, it is desirable that high efficiency, low polluting CCT projects be implemented in these economies in the future. There is a clear need for capacity building in this area in developing APEC economies, and to bring their government and industry representatives into the international discussion. This is especially the case for Southeast Asian economies, which have rapidly increasing CO2 emissions.

The project will benefit from and update the results of previous EGCFE projects on clean coal technologies, specifically Permitting issues related to new coal-based power plants, including carbon capture and storage in developing APEC economies”; “Planning and cost assessment guidelines for making new coal-fired power generation plants in developing APEC economies CO2 capture ready”; “Technology status and project development risks of advanced coal power generation technologies in APEC developing economies”; “Reducing trade, regulatory, and financing barriers to accelerate the uptake of clean coal technologies by developing economies in the Asia Pacific region”; and “How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?”; and “Feasibility of accelerating the deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) in developing APEC economies”.

The project has a potential to lead to future inward investment in projects in the power generation sector in APEC developing economies. The earlier deployment of clean coal technologies for new power plants will also interface with APEC projects on carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), because plants using these technologies can be built so that they are capable of adding CCS in the future if necessary.

For these reasons, APEC is an appropriate forum to undertake this project and this is a very appropriate use of APEC funds.

Sustainability

The project’s long-term intended impacts are to put developing APEC economies with rapidly growing use of coal for electricity generation in a position to deploy coal-fired power generation projects as efficiently, effectively and economically as possible, and to build professional capabilities and capacity for achieving this. Long-term sustainability is a key objective of the EWG forum. The results of this project are likely to identify more detailed work needed on specific aspects of generating efficiency improvement in developing APEC economies, which could be the object of future APEC projects. The results may also identify more clearly the barriers to efficiency improvement in the situations different APEC economies find themselves, and further APEC work may be necessary to resolve the issues and find the most efficient way forward.

It is anticipated that organization of an expert workshop during the year following the completion of the project would enrich the discussion, with experts in the field provide valuable inputs from their experience that would expand the coverage of the efficient power topic and point the way to the next phase of APEC involvement.

Project Overseers

The main point of contact will be Scott M. Smouse of the United States Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory, who is the EGCFE Chair.

Mr. Smouse has over 30 years experience in nearly every aspect of fossil energy utilization and power generation, especially coal-based technologies. Since 1996, he has coordinated all of NETL’s international activities, including working with senior Department and other U.S. government officials on a wide variety of bilateral and multilateral initiatives and projects. He has worked with senior government officials, industry, and academia from over 30 countries on a wide range of cooperative research, development, and demonstration projects; technology and market assessments; technology transfer; and policy analyses, primarily related to fossil energy production and utilization. He has chaired the APEC’s Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy for about a dozen years and has served as the Lead Coordinator on Annex IV: Energy & Environmental Control Technologies under the Fossil Energy Cooperation Protocol between U.S. DOE and China’s Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) since 2001. Also, he served a technical expert and U.S. representative on the Power Generation and Transmission and Cleaner Fossil Energy Task Forces of the Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate. He is also a representative to the Power Working Group under the Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership of the Clean Energy Ministerial.  He is a member of the U.S. Executive Committee to the International Energy Agency’s Clean Coal Centre and the Executive Board of the U.S.-China Energy & Environmental Technology Center. Mr. Smouse also provides crosscutting support to Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), especially the Capacity Building and Finance Task Forces. He was the lead author of the international sections of the 2010 report by the Carbon Capture & Storage Task Force to U.S. President Obama. He coordinates NETL’s interaction with other organizations with international objectives, including United States Energy Association, World Energy Council, Atlantic Council, Edison Electric Institute, and multilateral development banks. He holds a B.S. in Chemistry from Fairmont State College and a M.S. in Fuel Science (Combustion) from Penn State University. He previously held several positions in the U.S. private sector, with Pope, Evans & Robbins, Inc.; DUSCO Division of Dearborn Chemical Company, a W.R. Grace subsidiary; and Babcock & Wilcox Company.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Contractor Fee: An open tender process via an RFP will be undertaken for the consultancy. 

The role of the Contractor will be similar to but somewhat more complex than that of the contractor in most EGCFE projects, namely to be responsible for implementing the actions described in the final version of the project proposal.  In the present project, the Contractor will need to work closely with the PREP teams and the Project Overseer to ensure that the Work Plan is followed; the visits to the volunteer economies are properly organized and the data sought are well defined; the outputs described in the Work Plan are delivered according to the stipulated timetable; and the analysis of the information obtained is accurately presented and organized into the final project report for publication.

An important task for the Contractor will be coordination with the PREP teams via the PSC and Project Overseer to ensure that the objectives defined above are met. Also, the Contractor will need to ensure that relevant APEC policies and procedures are followed.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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