Project Title

APEC Public-Private Dialogue to Advance Understandings on Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) in Textile and Garment Industry for the Realization of FTAAP 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

CTI 21 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 21 2017A 

Project Title

APEC Public-Private Dialogue to Advance Understandings on Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) in Textile and Garment Industry for the Realization of FTAAP 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains (FTAAP and GVCs) 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

126,890 

Co-funding Amount

25,000 

Total Project Value

151,890 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Bui Hong Duong 

Job Title 1

Director of APEC-ASEM Division 

Organization 1

Multilateral Trade Policy Department, Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

54 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hoan Kiem District, Ha Noi, Viet Nam 

Telephone 1

84-24 22205419 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

duongbh@moit.gov.vn; duongmoit@gmail.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Bui Hong Duong 

Project Summary

In response to the APEC Leaders’ commitments to the eventual realization of the FTAAP in efforts to deepen the regional economic integration (REI) and findings outlined in the Collective Strategic Study on Issues Related to the Realization of FTAAP that NTMs is a big impediments to trade and investment and needs further analysis in specific sectors to improve understandings and transparency, Viet Nam would like to propose to hold a 2 day APEC Public  Private Dialogue to advance understanding on non-tariff measures in Textile and Garment industry. The PPD will aim to: (i) exploring and stocktaking the application of NTMs in textile in existing RTAs/FTAs in APEC, other regions as well as in the WTO to identify and bridge the gaps among APEC members in the issues in efforts to realize the FTAAP; (ii) provide capacity building to APEC  governmental officials on NTMs in Textile and Garment to deal with NTMs negotiations in their on-going RTAs/FTAs negotiations, as well as to regulate NTMs in Textile and Garment sector in reality; and (iii) making recommendations to CTI for further consideration and action in the issue. 

The project falls into Rank 1 since it addresses the issue of NTMs that is identified as one in the Next Generation Trade and Investment Issues in APEC.

Relevance

Statistically, APEC has identified that there is an increasing trend in the number of NTMs affecting trade, including trade in textile industry in the region. The Second Term Review of the Bogor Goals has the same notes on NTMs. Although they are designed with legitimate objectives, NTMs somehow still have some bad impacts on trade flow because they create uncertainty, require excessive fees that eliminate margins, cause unreasonable delays, or discriminate against particular types of business or economies. The costs of NTMs accumulate along a supply chain and are ultimately passed to the consumer. NTMs can be particularly debilitating for MSMEs, as they have less capacity to navigate their way through a complexity of regulatory requirements and less scope to mitigate the costs. The findings in the CSS with regard to the cost of NTMs and the burden they place on MSMEs in particular are the same. It even notes a research that has estimated the costs of all NTMs in the APEC region as three times the cost of tariffs.

In addition, NTMs remain an important area in the current RTAs/FTAs as well as the potential FTAAP. However, there might be a big gap in the issue among the APEC member economies that need further sharing and exchanges to bridge the gaps if possible. With a focus on the NTMs in Textile and Garment industry, it would help economies to mitigate the effects of NTMs on Textile and Garment trade; contribute much to promote Textile and Garment trade in particular and trade liberalization and facilitation efforts and improving the business environment in general.

The PPD intends to conduct capacity building of governmental officials of APEC members on NTMs in Textile and Garment sector and strengthen their capacity to deal with NTMs negotiation in their on-going RTAs/FTAs negotiation, as well as to regulate NTMs in Textile and Garment sector in reality, which will benefit a broad range of economies.

The project falls into Rank 1 since it addresses the issue of NTMs that is identified as one in the Next Generation Trade and Investment Issues and the issues in the Regional Economic Integration initiatives, including the Beijing Roadmap for APEC's Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP and Lima Declaration on FTAAP, RTAs/FTAs information sharing mechanism.

Objectives

The APEC Public-Private Dialogue to Advance Understandings on Non-tariff Measures (NTMs) in Textile and Garment Industry aims at the following objectives: 

1) Exploring and stocktaking the application of NTMs in Textile and Garment in existing RTAs/FTAs in APEC, other regions as well as in the WTO to identify and bridge the gaps among APEC members in the issues in efforts to realize the FTAAP;

2) Provide capacity building to APEC  governmental officials on NTMs in Textile and Garment to deal with NTMs negotiation in their on-going RTAs/FTAs ne gotiation, as well as to regulate NTMs in Textile and Garment sector in reality; and

3) Making recommendations to CTI for further consideration and action on this issue.

Alignment

In the 2016 APEC Leaders’ Statement, it is highlighted that “We reiterate our commitment to the eventual realization of the FTAAP as a major instrument to further deepen APEC's regional economic integration agenda”. In this line, APEC Leaders also stress the need for the FTAAP to be comprehensive, and cover non-tariff issues. This project will serve as an incubator of issues related to the FTAAP and to the implementation of the Lima Declaration on FTAAP endorsed by Leaders in 2016.

The proposed PDD will be held under the 3rd CBNI which outlined in the Beijing Roadmap as attributes to the realization of the FTAAP.

It also directly contributes to the implementation of Osaka Action Agenda with focus on Section C.

The project directly contributes to CTI’s work of promoting free and open trade and investment with focus on implementing the Bogor Goals and reducing impediments including NTMs as outlined in the Osaka Action Agenda.

TILF/ASF Justification

The project seeks APEC Support Fund (ASF) (FTAAP and GVCs sub fund). 

The project directly provides capacity building for the APEC member economies, especially the developing ones. It is widely recognized that with the intensive labour in nature, textile and garment are an important sector a great deal of developing economies’ economic growth and development. However, behind the border NTMs in the industry remain challenges to the region’s developing economies since it is estimated that the costs of all NTMs in the APEC region are as three times as the cost of tariffs. A PPD to share views and experiences on the behind the border NTMs in the industry is expected to provide in depth understanding as well as approaches to address the challenges for the developing economies in the region, which also provide capacity building for them to come closer in the eventual realization of FTAAP.

From this project, governments’ officials, experts, enterprises especially those from the APEC developing economies will have the opportunity to exchange, share views and  experiences in how to negotiate trade agreements related to NTMs in general; textile and garment in particular. On the other side, capacity building for behind the border NTMs negotiation would be in place to support the potential negotiation of an FTAAP in the future.  

Based on the selection criteria, the right speakers and participants from the developing economies will be invited to present and attend the PPD. These people might be able to train or exchange experiences with other people in their organizations after the PPD.

To make sure that the project supports capacity building needs of APEC developing economies, the organizers will also consider inviting experienced speakers/ experts from the developing economies to present the challenges, share experiences in the field.

Specifically, this project seek FTAAP and GVCs sub fund since it meets its criteria. The project is to be conducted as part of the CBNI initiative. It project addressed behind the border NTM issues, which is included in the Lima Declaration by Leaders as one of the Trade and investment issues to be addressed.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Under this project, a 2 day “APEC Public-Private Dialogue to Advance Understandings on Non-tariff Measures (NTMs) in Textile and Garment Industry for the realization of FTAAP” will be held to provide the platform for capacity building which will facilitate sharing, understanding and discussion on NTMs in textile and garment industry and preparation for an FTAAP negotiation in the future. The PPD’s Agenda will be designed to make sure it addresses the concerns of APEC’s member economies/participants; and experienced experts from the public, private sectors and academia will be selected and invited to present, aiming to bring about the most benefits to the participants. The agenda aims to providing and updating with current status of NTM application with views of bridging the gaps if possible. The draft agenda will be consulted with experienced experts before official delivery.

Pre Dialogue, the consultant will work to stocktake the application of NTMs in Textile and Garment in existing RTAs/FTAs in APEC to identify and bridge the gaps among APEC members in the issues in efforts to realize the FTAAP. To ensure the efficiency, the consultant will work with the PO and some co-sponsors to select a number of APEC economies for the stocktaking as a reference for the APEC member economies. It targets to about 3 economies for the stocktaking. 

During the PPD, all the speakers and participants will have the chance to discuss and present their views on what and how APEC should do to realize the FTAAP for the benefits of all its APEC member economies. These recommendations will be compiled and attached to the PPD’s report for APEC’s consideration for further action.

Following the completion of the PPD, a report will be made and circulated to all the speakers and participants as well as delivered to CTI and other APEC relevant committees, working groups for further discussion and follow-up. The draft report will incorporate all the updates, sharing and discussion at the Dialogue. 

A post dialogue evaluation outcomes will also  be shared among speakers and participants to ensure transparency as well as to share information with views of improving the Dialogue’s efficiency if possible. 

Outcomes: After the PPD, the participants who are governments’ officials, enterprises in the industry, researchers, experts involved in some aspects (policy making, implementation, doing business, research, etc.,) (namely a few but not limited to Ministries of Industry; Planing and Investment; textile associations; research institutes; etc.,) will  have the chance to exchange what they have learnt from the PPD as well as negotiation skills with their colleagues, bosses. The good experiences, best practices, hence, are able to be more widespread among competent and/or authorized people in the field in APEC’s member economies.

This project will provide inputs to CTI, policy makers, researchers, experts among APEC member economies in understanding further about NTMs in general, those in the textile and garment industry in particular. The Dialogue’s outcomes will serve as inputs for the policy makers or reference for business people to apply more in their work related to application of NTMs in textile and garment industry. In the medium and long term, it is expected to contribute to narrowing the gaps (viewed from the perspectives that application of NTMs as trade facilitation are different from various economies, hence might arise potential gaps in NTMs application/trade facilitation by economies) and getting closer to the eventual realization of FTAAP.

Beneficiaries: The selection criteria will be set to make sure that right participants will attend and benefit most as well as be able to bring about significant changes after the PPD’s completion. The criteria might include, but not limited to: 

-  Governments’ officials who are directly involved in the policy making and implementation in Textile and Garment industry and negotiators in the field of NTMs, namely representatives from agencies/Ministries/Departments related to Industry; Planing and Investment; etc; and

- Representatives from the private sector/associations from Textile and Garment industry, namely: textile associations; business people from corporations/MSMEs.

Dissemination

The PPD’s report will be published on the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Viet Nam’s and APEC’s website for reference and for widespread usage and saving cost.

Hard copies will be provided to all the PPD's participants.  Electronic publication will also be used to disseminate the PPD's documents widely. APEC's official website will be the main one to upload the documents.  Other Vietnamese Ministries; websites (eg Ministry of Industry and Trade) could also be used to disseminate the information with hyperlink to APEC website.

A press release on the PPD will be published on Vietnam’s media mass (Viet Nam News, Viet Nam News Agency, etc.,). It will also be sent to Textile and garment associations, research centers, etc. to attract the attention to the event to encourage people to visit the documents online. 

The target audience includes those who are interested in, involved directly or indirectly in textile and garment industry including governments’ officials, representatives from business and business associations. 

There is no intention to sell outputs arising from this project. 

All the reports and related communication materials will comply with APEC Publications, IP and Logo Guidelines.

Gender

Gender issue is seriously taken into account by the project proponent. Women are involved in the development of this proposal and both men and women will get equal opportunity to participate in the project implementation including in the process of preparatory stage, consultation and direct labours, etc. In addition, to address gender concern and make sure that men and women are engaged efficiently in the PPD, the evaluation form delivered at the end of the PPD will include information on gender to aggregate for project assessment.

Female participation as speakers or delegates to the PPD will be encouraged based on the highest efficiency of the project, therefore, the percentage of female speakers and participants will be decided at a later stage. However, the organizers will make sure that women are most encouraged and created favorable conditions to take part in and contribute to the PPD by disseminating information and invitation to as many women as possible. For example, invitations will be sent through APEC PPWE (Policy Partnership on Women and the Economy), female business associations of Viet Nam and APEC member economies if available to invite and draw their attention to the PPD.

Female leaders will be prioritized to be invited as speakers to the PPD. Among other criteria such as expertise, experiences, contributions, female leaders from enterprises, SMEs associations will be prioritized to join and be funded to attend the PPD.  If possible, it will target to reach at least 30% of female participation in this project if possible and efficient.

Work Plan

Timing

Activities and Deliverable Outputs

2nd quarter of 2017

Develop and submit concept note/proposal to APEC for consideration.

By Dec of 2017

Develop the full Project Proposal.

By Mar of 2018

Set criteria for consultant selection. Complete the employment of consultant

By Jun of 2018

Stocktaking

Jun – Aug of 2018

Plan Organize the PPD including developing the agenda, circulate invitation, invite speakers and participants, consult with relevant stakeholders if necessary, etc.

Sep 2018

Organize the PPD.

Sep – Dec 2018

Report the outcomes of the PPD to CTI and propose next steps.

Risks

One of the risks is the low quality of study result. The PO will allocate at least 3 months for this stocktaking to ensure its high quality and meet the objectives of the project.

One of the risks is to ensure a selection of good speakers in order to make the most of the PPD. The speakers should be, but not limited to, authority officials to represent government; representatives from enterprises to raise voice of business sector; academics, experts from other relevant organizations, which aim to reflecting points of views from various perspectives. The Organizers will work closely with co-sponsoring economies to nominate and invite the most suitable speakers for the PPD. Invitations to speakers and participants will be delivered at least 2 months prior to the Dialogue to make sure that conflicts of engagement will be addressed.

Another concern is to choose the right participants to the PPD. To make sure that right participants are nominated to attend the PPD, the Organizers will consult with co-sponsoring economies to set general criteria for participants. Participants should be government officials who are directly or indirectly involved in the policy making, negotiating trade agreements, academic or economic experts who have good background and experiences in the field. To ensure the results, invitations will be sent through different fora in APEC including CTI and ABAC. For the host economy, the PPD is free open to business sector including business associations; apart from officials from the government and local authorities.

Monitoring and Evaluation

An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants and speakers to assess the effectiveness of the PPD. The evaluation will cover the substance and relevance of the PPD, the presentations by speakers, overall impact and recommendations for improvements and/or future activities.

All speakers and participants will be requested to provide feedback on the efficiency and outcomes of the PPD whether the objectives are met, whether the information sharing is able to bring about changes after its completion and how.

The speakers and participants will be requested to provide feedback by filling in the evaluation form, delivered at the end of the PPD.

The following information will be collected to measure/assess progress and impact: 

-  The first indicator to be used is to assess whether the PPD meets its set objectives. This can be assessed comparing what participants gain from the PPD (using evaluation form) and whether the PPD is able to produce practical recommendations to be submitted to relevant APEC committees/WGs/fora.

-  The second indicator can be whether the PPD has accommodated right participants and there have been representatives of both public and private sectors. It is expected that the balance between the public and private sectors ranges from 50% - 50% or at least 40% – 60%.

-  The third indicator can be the quality of speakers; this can be assessed by compiling comments of participants in the evaluation forms. 

-  The forth indicator relates to gender issue: How many female participants can attend and learn knowledge/experiences at the PPD and how many female speakers can come and share their expertise and experiences. It is expected to accommodate from 30% to 40% of female participants to attend the PPD.

- The fifth one is communication indicator in order to know how widely the PPD’s materials will be disseminated to interested groups in APEC: it is planned that presentations and documents of the PPD will be made available via the APEC Meeting Document Database. The Project’s Report will be presented to CTI for consideration. The PO will check with APEC Secretariat to make sure that the materials of the PPD will be uploaded to the APEC AIMP; the PO will also be responsible for sending the report to APEC’s relevant working groups.

Linkages

Most recently, a project proposed by Canada on approaches to NTMs has been approved. This project focus on NTMs approaches and application in general, meanwhile our project will focus on NMTs in textile and garment industry that are of interests of developing economies. We will work closely with Canada to make sure collaboration and complementary between these two. 

CTI will oversees this Project and be responsible for disseminating information about the PPD among APEC member economies. The outcomes of the PPD will be submitted to CTI for consideration and further action. The PO would also work with relevant stakeholders including international experts from OECD and other economies in and outside the region as speakers to share their expertise and exchange views with APEC member economies. The outcomes of this PPD will be reported to CTI and SOM for further discussion and instruction on the next steps.

Sustainability

Following the PPD, participants are expected to have a deep understanding of NTMs in textile and garment industry, which will contribute to narrow the gaps and heading for a realization of FTAAP negotiation. To maintain the momentum of the networking, lists of speakers and participants after the PPD will be delivered. 

To make sure that the PPD meets its objectives, the organizer will report to and seek approval from CTI for the recommendations in particular and the report in general.  Based on the recommendations from member economies, the organizer will consider proposing new activities/initiatives to follow up the outcome of the project. 

The Organizer also considers proposing the phase 2 of the project based on the participants’ recommendations. The networking will be used to review the implementation of recommendations.

Project Overseers

Mr Bui Hong Duong
Director
APEC – ASEM Division
Multilateral Trade Policy Department
Ministry of Industry and Trade
Viet Nam
Add: 54 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hanoi, Viet Nam
Tel: (84-24) 2220 5419
Email: DuongBH@moit.gov.vn

Mr Bui Hong Duong has about 20 years in multilateral and international economic integration and is the head of APEC – ASEM Division.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to support 8 speakers in total for the 2-day Workshop.

Consultant: will work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; conduct researches, collect, analyze and synthesize data; develop curriculum for the Workshop; take notes; develop and finalize the report of the Workshop with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters(248 hours total), seek APEC Funding.

Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project as many speakers and participants are not able to attend the Workshop because of reimbursement.

Simultaneous interpretation

Vietnamese speakers and local participants are invited to the Workshop, many of them are not English speaking and not good at English.

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to cover the fees of simultaneous interpretation for the Workshop. Simultaneous interpretation is very important for this project since many Vietnamese are experts in the field, however, not many of them are English fluent.  The Organizer will prioritize to invite Vietnamese speakers with good command of English but cannot guarantee. The waiver is just for speakers who are not fluent in English speaking.

Waiver is sought to invite 8 speaker to the Workshop

PO requests for funding of 8 speakers (2) for both days. In order to make this project a success, the PO strongly believes that experts from public and academic sectors should be invited to share their studies’ outputs and experiences. Their inputs will still be required during the last session that will include discussions of the participating APEC economies on recommendations of the Workshop to the EWG.

The number of speakers if reaches 8 will be discussed and decided by the PD based on case by case.  The PO will provide justifications for the PD’s decision.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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