Project Title

FTAAP Capacity Building Workshop on Addressing Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) in FTAs/RTAs under the 3rd REI CBNI  

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

CTI 19 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 19 2017A 

Project Title

FTAAP Capacity Building Workshop on Addressing Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) in FTAs/RTAs under the 3rd REI CBNI  

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific and Global Value Chains (FTAAP and GVCs) 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

29,040 

Total Project Value

129,040 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

New Zealand 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Korea; Mexico; Peru; Philippines; Singapore 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2018 

Expected Completion Date

30/08/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Justin Allen 

Job Title 1

Senior Policy Officer - APEC 

Organization 1

New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade 

Postal Address 1

195 Lambton Quay, Private Bag 18901, Wellington 6160, New Zealand 

Telephone 1

64-4 4397185 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Justin.Allen@mfat.govt.nz 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Justin Allen 

Project Summary

This project is a capacity building workshop focusing on how FTAs/RTAs have sought to address the issue of non-tariff measures (NTMs) and also how future trade agreements may address them. The project seeks to follow on from the APEC 2nd CBNI Seminar on addressing NTMs in Asia Pacific Economic Integration held in Seoul from 1-2 December 2014, which focused on WTO jurisprudence.

New Zealand plans to hold a one day capacity building workshop in the first half of 2018. The workshop will focus on goods, services and investment chapters in bilateral FTAs and RTAs in order to review and discuss recent innovations and developments in approaches to addressing NTMs.  The one-day workshop will provide in-depth capacity building for government officials who are directly involved in FTA/RTA negotiations, as well as representatives of the CTI and trade policy makers; share best practices and experiences of how NTMs have been addressed in bilateral FTAs and RTAs and innovative approaches to NTMs (not limited to the Asia-Pacific region); and explore how NTMs may be addressed in future FTAs/RTAs.  This discussion would be relevant to the realization of the eventual FTAAP.

Relevance

APEC has identified an increasing trend in the number of non-tariff measures (NTMs) affecting trade in the region.  In the Second-Term Review of APEC’s Progress towards the Bogor Goals, tariffs were found to have decreased in the Asia-Pacific region, but non-tariff measures (NTMs) have increased.  APEC economies continue to consider these issues through a series of workshops and dialogues under CTI.  This proposed project, through a workshop, will seek to explore the role of FTAs/RTAs in addressing the proliferation of NTMs.  The project has relevance to not only the attainment of the Bogor Goals, but also the eventual realization of FTAAP.  NTMs have been identified by Leaders as an area of work to be addressed with respect to the realization of an eventual FTAAP. 

This proposed workshop seeks to build capacity among APEC member economies in terms of FTA negotiation capabilities with respect to addressing NTMs in bilateral FTAs and RTAs and recent innovations and developments in approaches to NTMs.  This approach would look predominantly at goods, services and investment chapters.  The workshop will also follow-on from the APEC 2nd CBNI Seminar on addressing NTMs in Asia Pacific Economic Integration held in Seoul from 1-2 December 2014, which focused primarily on WTO jurisprudence.

The workshop is intended to benefit a broad range of economies.  This project comes under rank 1 as it directly links to promoting regional economic integration through free and open trade and investment and is a capacity-building workshop under the 3rd CBNI, which is one of the activities outlined in the Beijing Roadmap.

Objectives

1) To increase knowledge and build in-depth capacity on the issue of NTMs for government officials who are directly involved in FTA/RTA negotiations, as well as representatives of the CTI and trade policy makers;

2) To share best practices and experiences of how NTMs have been addressed in bilateral FTAs and RTAs (not limited to the Asia-Pacific region), including looking at the issue of placing disciplines on NTMs, as well as how to reduce the overall stock of existing NTMs.  Experience should also include any difficulties encountered during negotiation processes and how/whether those difficulties were overcome; and

3) To explore how NTMs may be addressed in future trade agreements, including with respect to an eventual FTAAP if it were to be realized via an agreement.

Alignment

The project aligns CTI’s work to reduce impediments to business activity in the areas outlined by the Osaka Action Agenda. Specifically, Section C of the Osaka Action Agenda, which has the objective of helping APEC economies achieve the Bogor Goals of free and open trade and investment, includes NTMs as one of the areas to be addressed. 

The proposed workshop will be held under the 3rd CBNI.  The 3rd CBNI is recognized as the continuity from the existing 2nd CBNI outlined in the Beijing Roadmap undertaken for the realization of the FTAAP. It further supports the Osaka Action Agenda. 

Furthermore, the workshop will contribute to the continuous role of APEC as an incubator of issues related to the FTAAP and to the implementation of the Lima Declaration on FTAAP endorsed by Leaders in 2016.  The Lima Declaration named NTMs as one of the areas warranting a program of work.  In this sense, this project will build on other recent workshops and initiatives to understand and address the increase in the number of NTMs in the APEC region.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project sought funding under the APEC Support Fund for FTAAP and GVCs. 

APEC’s developed and developing economies are engaged in the negotiation of a variety of trade agreements involving regional counterparts, including those agreements that have previously been identified as potential pathways towards an eventual FTAAP – Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). NTMs are one of the many issues that modern, comprehensive, high-quality trade agreements seek to address in order to limit the costs of doing business across borders.

Funding for this workshop will cover the cost of up to two participants from each travel-eligible APEC developing economy, as well as some speakers from developing economies. The workshop will help build the knowledge and capability of officials, especially those involved in trade and regulatory issues, in understanding the issue of NTMs and how they can be addresses through trade agreements.  As a result, developing economies should be better able to participate in high-quality trade agreements that deliver meaningful outcomes for the region’s business community in terms of addressing of NTMs.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The major output of this project will be a capacity building workshop.  The one-day workshop will provide in-depth capacity building for government officials who are directly involved in FTA/RTA negotiations, as well as representatives of the CTI and trade policy makers.  The workshop will focus on sharing best practices and experiences of how NTMs have been addressed in bilateral FTAs and RTAs and innovative approaches to NTMs. These could also include FTAs/RTAs from outside the Asia-Pacific region.  Goods, services and investment chapters will be looked at.  The workshop will also explore how NTMs may be addressed in future FTAs/RTAs.  An indicative, draft agenda is attached to this proposal. 

Following the workshop, a report will be written to summarize the discussions.  The report will seek to highlight best practice where this has been found through the discussions.

The report may also serve to highlight further work APEC could undertake to reduce the impact of NTMs on doing business in the APEC region.

An evaluation exercise will be conducted by asking participants and speakers/experts to fill out an evaluation form at the conclusion of the workshop.  The evaluation will cover the substance and relevance of the workshop, the presentations by speakers, overall impact and recommendations for improvements and/or future activities. It will provide evidence as to the value of the workshop, as well as point CTI in the direction of further work it might do on this subject.

Outcomes: Over the medium to longer term, the project is expected to provide relevant experience and information to facilitate economies’ policy decisions related to how NTMs are addressed through FTAs/RTAs.  While many FTAs/RTAs typically address issues like TBT and SPS through specific chapters, some modern FTAs/RTAs seek to address a broader range of non-tariff measures through cooperation mechanisms or disciplines on specific regulatory issues. 

The project is expected to provide member economies with a greater understanding of the role trade agreements can play in tackling the issue of an increasing quantity of NTMs.  Policy makers will be able to understand what good practice looks like in terms of FTA/RTA chapters that seek to place disciplines on NTMs and reduce their prevalence. In the medium term, policy makers will be able to use this knowledge in their own trade negotiations.

Ultimately, this project should help contribute to FTAs/RTAs that offer higher quality market access commitments, more ambitious domestic regulation and transparency disciplines, and more trade-facilitating e-commerce/data provisions. Such outcomes would be directly relevant to achieving a FTAAP that is high quality, comprehensive and addresses next generation trade and investment issues. 

A secondary outcome is that this project will continue to keep a spotlight on the issue of NTMs in the APEC context.  The project builds on previous workshops that have addressed NTMs (e.g. import licence regimes, NTMs in agri-food export sector), adding to the pantheon of knowledge that APEC economies are building up on this issue.  By focusing on FTA/RTA practice, this project will take a different approach to the APEC 2nd CBNI Seminar on addressing NTMs in Asia Pacific Economic Integration held in Seoul from 1-2 December 2014, which focused on WTO jurisprudence. Increasing the knowledge held within APEC economies is an important step in finding new ways to address the growing number of NTMs.

Beneficiaries: The most direct beneficiaries of the project will be CTI or sub-fora representatives, and government officials and policy-makers from APEC member economies who are involved in negotiating FTAs/RTAs and who attend the workshop. This is a CBNI-related project and attendance at the workshop will provide most direct benefit.  To gain this benefit, participants would ideally have some pre-existing knowledge of, or likely to be involved in FTA/RTA negotiations for their respective economies.  APEC economies will be required to nominate participants through their CTI representative(s); these will be screened by the PO. 

A report on the outcomes of the workshop will be circulated and may indirectly benefit other officials from APEC economies who were unable to attend the workshop in person. Policy makers and decision makers, such as officials from regulatory agencies, can use any recommendations or best practice resulting from the workshop in their domestic policy settings, if considered appropriate.

Gender diversity and the participation of women will be strongly encouraged both in terms of speakers/experts and general participation. The project overseer will look closely at recommended participants to ensure that the overall workshop participation adequately covers both gender and level of experience objectives.

If the project leads to greater awareness of, and greater use of, FTAs/RTAs to reduce the number of NTMs in the region, thus making it easier and cheaper to do business, then the ultimate beneficiaries will be businesses and consumers. This is because NTMs, even when introduced for legitimate policy reasons, can impose a cost from a business perspective.  Business representatives will be invited to participate in the workshop so they can give their perspectives on this issue. In particular, the PO will use ABAC channels to disseminate information on the workshop.  Travel eligible economies may nominate a business representative as one of their two funded representatives; the decision on eligibility will be at the PO’s discretion in consultation with the APEC Secretariat.

Dissemination

All materials used and presented during the workshop will be made available through the APEC Information Management Portal, specifically the CTI project database.  This would include all presentations given by guest speakers/experts. If amendable to the CTI membership, the PO would seek to publish the report findings to the APEC CTI website. 

A report summarizing the workshop, including any findings on best practice or recommend next steps for APEC, will be published following endorsement by CTI in the usual manner.  It would also be made available to relevant sub-fora such as IEG, MAG, GOS, and SCSC.  It is expected that this report would be ready for CTI endorsement/publication before SOM3 2018. 

The intended audience for the published material would be government officials and policy-makers from APEC member economies who are involved in negotiating FTAs/RTAs, in addition to regular CTI and sub-fora representatives. 

There is no intention to sell any outputs resulting from this project.

Gender

This project and its intended objectives are equally relevant to both men and women in the government roles associated with FTA/RTA negotiation and implementation. Effort will be made by the Project Overseer to ensure the group of guest speakers/experts have an appropriate gender balance. Furthermore, economies will be actively encouraged to ensure women participants are recommended for participation.  This will especially be the case where travel-eligible economies are funded by the project to participate.

Work Plan

Timing

Activities and Deliverable Outputs

Q4 2017

Project Overseer to develop and submit full proposal to APEC to secure endorsement and funding.

January 2018

Project Overseer to give a short presentation to CTI1 to build interest in the workshop.


February – April 2018

Substantive and logistics preparation for the workshop will take place over this period.

Speakers will be invited from relevant APEC Ministries, agencies, academia, regional and international organizations. 

In March, the Project Overseer will circulate a general information note on the workshop and ask CTI members to nominate participants who will represent their economies.

May 2018

The one-day workshop held in the margins of CTI2 in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Participants will be invited from APEC economies and should include those directly involved in their economy’s FTA/RTA negotiations and/or implementation.  Business representatives will also be invited to participate. 

A post-event questionnaire will be circulated immediately upon conclusion of the workshop.

A short oral report will be given on behalf of the Project Overseer to CTI2.

June – August 2018

Project Overseer will prepare and circulate a full report on the outcomes of the workshop and any proposed next steps.  CTI endorsement of the report would be sought before it is published through the APEC Information Management Portal. 

Alongside, this, the Project Overseer will compile the response from the questionnaire and provide a consolidate report alongside the workshop outcomes report. 

Risks

The main risks for this workshop relate to the proposed location.  That is, there are risks around the budget for this project due to the relatively expensive cost of air travel to/from Port Moresby; there are risks around the availability of a location in the margins of CTI2 where the workshop can be held; there are risks around the ability of all speakers and participants being willing and able to travel to Port Moresby for this workshop. 

If any of these risks were to materialize in the early stages of development and in a way that threatened the viability of the workshop, the Project Overseer would consider moving the location of the workshop to another regional destination (e.g. Singapore or Auckland) and an alternate plan and associated budget for hosting the workshop will be developed for this purpose. However, this would be a last resort only.  It is the strong desire of the Project Overseer to hold the meeting in Port Moresby in the margins of CTI2.  A decision would be made after a full appraisal of venue and logistics at CTI1.  If the event must be moved, it would then fall outside the margins of CTI2.  To keep the overall delivery on track as much as possible, the workshop would move to an early June date.

A further risk relates to being able to reach relevant participants (i.e. those from regulatory agencies).  This risk will be mitigated by the Information Circular making clear that the workshop is relevant not only to officials from the trade ministries, but also those from the domestic regulatory agencies such as line departments in charge of sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical standards, trade remedies, or other regulatory areas that can impact on trade.  The Project Overseer will also make this explicit when introducing the upcoming workshop at CTI1.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Project Overseer will work closely with co-sponsoring economies to develop the content of the agenda, select speakers, moderators and experts to ensure the workshop offers genuine value for participants. Furthermore, updates will be provided to CTI meetings as appropriate. 

The number of participants (target 80-100) and their level of expertise will be an important indicator of the project benefits. The number of women participants will be another indicator, with the Project Overseer aiming for at least 50% representation by women both as speakers/experts and participants. 

A formal evaluation will be conducted by asking participants and speakers/experts to fill out an evaluation form at the conclusion of the workshop.  The evaluation will cover the substance and relevance of the workshop, the presentations by speakers, overall impact and recommendations for improvements and/or future activities. The results of this feedback will be summarized and included in the workshop report.  Key data on gender, type of participant, level of expertise, etc will also be included in the report.

Linkages

This project will not duplicate, but instead follow-on from, the contents of the APEC 2nd CBNI Seminar on addressing NTMs in Asia Pacific Economic Integration held in Seoul from 1-2 December 2014. That seminar had a considerable focus on WTO jurisprudence. This workshop will focus on bilateral FTAs and RTAs and recent innovations and developments in approaches to NTMs. 

The workshop will promote collaboration between APEC and non-APEC stakeholders.  International experts (e.g. OECD, WTO) and experts from economies outside the APEC region with relevant expertise to share may be invited to the workshop as speakers to share their expertise and exchange views with APEC member economies.

APEC is a suitable organization to conduct this workshop.  FTAs/RTAs are numerous in the region and increasingly look to address NTMs as well as traditional trade barriers.  Furthermore, NTMs have been identified as a gap requiring further work if APEC is to meet the Bogor Goals.  Additionally, the Lima Declaration on FTAAP highlighted NTMs as one of the areas that should be addressed through a work program.

APEC already has a steady track record of seeking to address the proliferation of NTMs in the region.  This workshop is another proposed step in APEC’s work on this topic.  Participation in the workshop will be encouraged from CTI and relevant sub-fora (e.g. IEG, MAG, GOS, SCSC) in order to boost cross-fertilization of ideas. 

Sustainability

The workshop presentations and outcomes will be made available through the APEC Information Management Portal so that participants can continue to study and information presented and distribute the workshop materials more broadly within their economies. 

The evaluation questionnaires will invite workshop participants to provide feedback, including on possible future activities that could be developed under the framework of the REI CBNI Action Plan Framework or otherwise, so that the issue of NTMs continues to be addressed in a meaningful way by APEC economies. 

It is the Project Overseer’s intention to pursue in APEC further activities and initiatives on the topic of NTMs.  The outcomes of this project will help inform any future proposals.

Project Overseers

The project will be overseen by the APEC Unit from New Zealand’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.  Specifically, the main point of contact will by Justin Allen, Senior Policy Officer in the APEC Unit, who has been New Zealand’s representative to CTI for the past two years.  Organisation and management of the workshop will be carried out by team members from the APEC Unit; it is not envisaged the contractors or specialists will be required.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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