Project Title

Workshop on the Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

PPSTI 06 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

PPSTI 06 2017A 

Project Title

Workshop on the Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth (IERG) 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

120,000 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

120,000 

Sponsoring Forum

APEC Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation (PPSTI) 

Topics

Science and Technology 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Papua New Guinea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; Indonesia; Korea 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Jeffrey Noro 

Job Title 1

Dr 

Organization 1

PNG Science and Technology Secretariat 

Postal Address 1

PO Box 1330, Vision City Mall, Waigani, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea 

Telephone 1

675-3235454 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Jeffrey.Noro@science.gov.pg 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Jeffrey Noro 

Project Summary

This project will gather best practices on establishment and management of Domestic Innovation Systems to (1) increase scientific and technology production and (2) to enhance domestic absorptive capacity to ensure that economies can utilize and benefit from knowledge and technology transfer. A workshop will be conducted for experts to share their knowledge on the interaction of institutional actors specifically universities, research institutions and private sector firms in creating systems and domestic and international networks that promote innovation to enhance economic growth. The project also looks at how regional (APEC) partnership agreements can be utilized to ensure ease of movement for experts in science and technology fields to migrate into developing economies and support build domestic institutional and human capacity. This project is aligned with PPSTI’s Strategic Plan (2016-2025) sub-group on Enhancing Regional Science and Technology Connectivity. 

Planned activities:

August 2018 – Workshop to be conducted.
September 2018 – Collation of workshop results and policy
November 2018 – final report submitted
December 2018 – Monitoring and evaluation conducted

Relevance

Domestic Innovation Systems (DIS) and Networks are critical for creating conducive environments for innovative growth. Many developing APEC economies are at stages of development that require well-coordinated DIS to be established as a platform for innovation, growth and building economies of scale. The lack of DIS is evident from the absence of domestic absorptive capacity and hence many developing economies fail to capture and diffuse through a systematic approach, new knowledge and technology for application by universities, research institutes and the private sector to improve economic wellbeing.

Through this project, developing APEC economies can gain from lessons on how innovation systems have supported advancement and growth in building sustainable economies in the region. This project will gather best practices on how to establish and manage DIS to (1) increase scientific and technology production and (2) to improve domestic absorptive capacity to ensure that economies can utilize and benefit from knowledge and technology transfer. It will look at systems and processes that are deployed in developing networks between institutional actors namely universities, research institutions and industry (firms) and society to increase domestic capacity to create or adapt knowledge and be able to translate it into new technologies and products. In addition this project will investigate how to enhance labor mobility to ensure ease of movement for experts in science and technology fields within the APEC region to improve domestic institutional capacity to drive innovation and growth. This will further strengthen linkages between domestic and international universities and transform domestic “university capabilities” and “academic capabilities” and thereby creating an incubation environment for research and development driven by local and international market demands. Consequently, it will improve quality of education by establishing standards and international benchmarking in science, technology and innovation fields leading to development of entrepreneurial and innovation culture in universities and impact on industry and society. Such coordinated approach will improve economies production efficiencies and position to trade and benefit under APEC’s “Regional Economic Integration” plan. The project will also look at the relevance of DIS in modern economic planning and how DIS are embedded into mainstream economic frameworks to ensure diffusion of knowledge and technologies into the economy thus increasing domestic firms’ and/or locally represented Multinational National Corporations’ participation in global supply and value chains.

This project will have sustained benefits for both developed and developing economies. Having established these systems and networks, economies may diversify innovation outputs and enhance their comparative advantage. Adoption of best practices can help in narrowing the scientific and technological gap that exists between the developed and developing economies and create balance in regional trade.

This project addresses the following Rank 1 categories: (a) Strengthening innovation capacities (b) Human development including implementation of the Strategic Plan on Capacity Building to Promote the Trade and Investment Agenda, science & technology and capacity building. It also addresses Rank 2 on Innovative Growth.

Objectives

This project has the following main objectives: 

1) To conduct a workshop that brings together member economies representing government, institutions and industry experts to share knowledge on building innovation systems and networks;

2) To gather and compile experiences and policy recommendations on best practices for innovation systems and networks; and

3)  To develop an APEC manual on ‘Best Practices for Developing Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks’.

Alignment

Leaders recognized in the Peru Declaration 2016, that ‘innovation is a key driver of quality growth’ and they ‘encouraged efforts to identify new growth engines’. This project is consistent with this statement and is further aligned to the Bogor Goals and the APEC Accord on Innovative Growth, Economic Reform and Growth. The project will develop harmonized best practices that economies (especially developing economies) can use to improve innovation and enhance trade leading to economic transformation and growth.

This project is aligned with PPSTI’s Strategic Plan (2016-2025) sub-group on Enhancing Regional Science and Technology Connectivity. The priority is to create Innovation Ecosystems and Networks that strengthen STI linkages.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will be funded under the ASF Fund on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth (IERG) overseen by the SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE). The project will support the capacity building needs of APEC developing economies by promoting experience sharing, policy dialogue, capacity building and practical cooperation, directly contribute to the goals and priorities of the APEC Accord on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth in a way that will benefit developing economies like Papua New Guinea.

The economies especially those that are developing, will be engaged in the sharing of knowledge between different speakers and participants on how economies developed and implement domestic innovation systems to foster growth in their respective economies. There will be a mixture of speakers from developed economies and emerging developing economies who will talk about the challenges, opportunities and benefits of having domestic innovation systems as important prerequisites for knowledge generation to improve science and technology production. Having diverse representation from both developed and developing economies is critical for gap analysis and how to best address the gaps and progress forward.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Under this project, a 2 days “APEC Workshop on Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks” will be held to provide the platform for the participants to share, discuss on how to develop or improve their innovation systems from the perspectives of policy making and implementation. Recommendations will be made for both the public and private sectors’ reference as well as to APEC for consideration of further discussion and action. 

The workshop will have two key thematic areas for discussions. The first thematic area is institutional and will have a more policy-focused discussion to identify main organizations and institutions involved in DIS, policy design and implementation and how to make linkages between different actors within the DIS more effective. The second key area for discussion in the workshop targets systemic and organizational structures of the government’s implementing organization; its legal set p and how it’s funding instruments are implemented.

Experts representing both developed and emerging economies will be invited to speak on their economies experiences to participants from mostly science and technology policy areas from APEC economies. The two-day workshop will comprise of keynote speeches followed by workshop style discussions on above-mentioned thematic areas.

To ensure that the is relevant and addresses the policy needs of the APEC economies, the Policy Committee will conduct pre-workshop desktop and web research from the leading APEC economies. These research findings will guide the workshop discussions and will also be used in the publication of the best practices. While the research will make comprehensive analysis of the DIS, the workshop’s intent is to gather ideas through workshop presentations and participation, interviews and surveys on the new philosophical thinking, methodologies and instruments for promoting and establishing DIS more effectively.

Upon completion of the workshop, a report on the delivery of the workshop will be made and circulated to all the speakers and participants as well as shared with other APEC relevant committees, working groups. The main output is the publication of the manual on Best practices for Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks. 

Evaluation of the workshop and the inputs into hosting the workshop and the outputs and outcomes will be conducted at the end of the project period to measure the impact of the project in terms of achieving the project outcomes and its potential to influence policy change. The evaluation will look at gender balance in the workshop, participant contribution in developing the DIS manual and also collect feedback from economies.

The intention of the manual is to publish and provide all useful information on the development and implementation of domestic innovation systems to promote growth and trade within the APEC region. Hence the contents of the manual will consist of what innovation systems are, DIS development, creating and managing DIS networks, financial mechanisms, domestic legislative and policy frameworks, and how to incentivise innovation. The subsequent target audience will be APEC economies especially within the PPSTI fora. However due to the crosscutting nature of innovation, the manual will also target audiences in EC, CTI, IPEWG, SMEWG and HRDWG in both developing and developed economies. The manual will be circulated through all PPSTI and relevant fora across all the economies for approval and critiquing before it is finalised and published.

Similarly, the intent of the summary report is to provide an overall outlook on the processes involved in developing and hosting the workshops and also provide policy recommendations. The content of the report will include among others a financial management report, process of the workshop delivery, research outcomes and data, and finally recommendations on the way forward. The target audience includes APEC secretariat, Project co-sponsors, and participating economies and finally all member economies that would be interested in the workshop delivery and the outcomes.

Outcomes: The best practices that will be shared during the workshop may be adapted by member economies especially developing APEC economies to build the basis for policy that will ensure innovation and knowledge become the focus in promoting economic development and growth. It is quite evident that science and technology is critically important for enhancing global value chains in both goods and services.

A medium term policy outcome of this project is to promote knowledge and innovation flows across borders between APEC economies. Developing economies will be able to create/develop absorptive capacity to ensure efficient technology and knowledge transfer. The development and implementation of domestic innovation systems will further contribute to the increased production of science and technology.

While the benefits will be immense for participating developing economies, there are also opportunities for developed economies. By sharing their experiences, they will be contributing to policy change and thinking that will potentially elevate the production capabilities of developing economies like PNG and make them competitive and create opportunities of increased trade between developing and developed economies.

Hence, as a consequence of the workshop and dissemination of the manual on best practices for DIS, economies can influence and institute policy change to improve competition and increase regional trade and domestic GDPs.

The findings of this project will be beneficial to policy makers, innovation practitioners in the public and private sector, and the industries. On the gender aspect, this project will encourage inclusion of women speakers and 50% of the workshop participants will be women. Furthermore, this will ensure that the Dational Innovation Systems recognize and promote women in STEM fields. 

Domestically, the direct beneficiary of the project will be the PNG Science and Technology Council that would use findings of the workshop and the best practice manual to develop its DIS and inform government. This project may potentially lead to structural changes with the government in a way that will enhance the government’s ability to achieve national growth while at the same time achieving PPSTI Strategies and other APEC priorities. In the PNG context, the best practise will be a key element that will be used as a guideline by science and technology policy makers, domestic APEC Secretariat, Departments of Treasury, Finance and National Planning especially if there will be a need for major structural shifts towards creating a knowledge and technology intensive economy for PNG in line with APEC priorities such as REI. The best practise will be a great tool especially for undergraduate degree holders and up as there may be technicalities within its content.

At the APEC regional perspective, the best practise will have similar impacts to developing economies as that is expected domestically in PNG. Having said that, the regional benefits for this is that DIS will enhance APEC member economies ability to increase productivity and regional trade. This undertaking will in itself push many of the member economies towards achieving key APEC goals and priorities. Key industries that DIS will impact on are agriculture, forestry, fisheries, manufacturing, ICT and other services sectors including finance, education and health. 

The project will also look at how networking and capacity and capability building of women in technology leadership and entrepreneurship can be achieved domestically. These learning can be employed by economy to promote inclusivity and ensure that women are equal partners and participants in a technologically and digitally driven future. Further to that, the project will also look at how award systems are developed and implemented to encourage a new generation of young inventors and innovators, entrepreneurs and business leaders.

Dissemination

The manual on Best Practices on Development of Domestic Innovation Systems will be disseminated digitally on the APEC website. The target audience will be the policy makers especially in the science and technology space who may use the manual to develop innovation systems in their economies or improve their current innovation systems. Furthermore, there is no intention to sell the outputs arising from this project.

Gender

The project will ensure that more than 50% of the participants are women. This can be achieved by ensuring that a few of the invited speakers are women. The invitation letters sent to the economies will also encourage female participation in the workshop as the Workshop agenda will intend to integrate discussions on Women in STEM in the respective economies. 

A special session will be included in this workshop to discuss women’s perspective and participation in domestic innovation systems. A woman leader in the technology and innovation space will be invited to chair this session. An evaluation survey form will contain a section for women participants to provide feedback based on the best of their knowledge and experience, how women’s perspectives and participation can be encourged and accommodated (preferentially) in developing domestic innovation systems.

Further to that, high profile women in science, business and industry will be invited to lead in some of the session discussions to ensure more women participate and we reach our desired target of having equal participation by both men and women.

Work Plan

Timeline

Activity

How will it be implemented; how member economies, beneficiaries and others will be involved

Related Outputs

December 2017

Project timeline confirmed

Co-Sponsoring Economies to assist in agenda and workshop program.

Establish Working Committee

Establish Policy Committee

Draft Workshop Agenda

Project implementation and logistics

Lead in policy discussions and conduct desktop research on DIS and collect information that would go towards publication of the best practice.

March 2018

Identify and engage consultants/speakers and experts

Co-Sponsoring Economies to assist with potential experts and speakers.

Invitation letters sent out to identified speakers and supporting economies

August 2018

Workshop to be Conducted in the margins of SOM3 and PPSTI meeting

Participants from 21 economies will be invited to be part of the discussions and workshop

Workshop questionnaire and surveys to be conducted

Sharing of practices by leading and emerging APEC economies and development of draft

 Report is drafted

September

2018

Collation of workshop results and policy recommendations to be compiled. Co-sponsors to volunteer vetting of manual

Workshop report and discussions to be circulated to participants for inputs and comments

Drafting of Manual

from Workshop discussions and outcomes

November

2018

Monitoring and evaluation conducted

Economies to make comments on the draft of DIS best practices

Reviews made by the economies

Peer review of draft





Manual on Best Practice for DIS is approved for publication.

December

2018

Final Report submitted

Report excepted by participating economies

The manual is published online

Risks

A number of risks will be involved in implementing this project and they are:

Number

of risks

Type of Risks

Strategy to reduce risks

1

Non timely disbursal of funds

Have ongoing communication with the Program Director and the APEC Secretariat in Singapore

2

Lack of coordination to deliver a successful workshop.

A Working Committee has been established in PNG to ensure that the workshop is delivered effectively and efficiently

The role of the Working Committee is to coordinate all logistics, hiring of venues, security, public liaisons, and provide ground support during the hosting of the 2 day event

Committee to also liaise with the PNG APEC Secretariat and Authority throughout the year up to the submission of report to ensure a successful delivery of the workshop

The working committee (already formed) comprises of staff from the PNG Science and Technology Secretariat)

3

Lack of Policy Direction in the content of the workshop and the best practice

Establish a Policy Committee to ensure that there is direction and focus in the document

Their role will include getting right participants, nominating the right speakers and engaging the right economies to share the best practices.

Policy committee will also conduct pre-workshop research top ensure that the workshop and manual will contain content that is relevant to current innovation needs

The policy committee will comprise of members of key agencies including Departments of Treasury, National Planning and Monitoring, Foreign Affairs and Trade and Industry so that content of the workshop is relevant to current economic needs. Members from co-sponsoring economies will also be included in this committee.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The project will use stakeholder feedback, participant statistics and surveys during the workshop and compilation of the workshop report for developing the manual on the best practices for domestic innovation systems to assess progress and impact. 

Gender impact will be measured from the number of women speakers and participants. During the workshop, opportunities will be given to young inventors, entrepreneurs and business people to showcase their products and services. We will ensure that 50% of these opportunities go to women and girls.

The longer-term impacts will be measured by the investment into and success of funding, research and entrepreneurial opportunities that will be created by the government following the workshop. The best practices that will be published from the workshop will be important in supporting women through private sectors like the SMEs and organizations such as Women in Business, Women in STEM and, Women in Science and Industry to ensure that women become active participants in establishing innovation businesses and contribute to economic growth.

Monitoring will be made through surveys (questionnaires), interviews and peer review of the publication of the Best Practice Manual.

Indicators that we will use are (1) minutes of meetings held by the organizing committee [target: fortnightly meetings], (2) the number of meetings in person or virtually with co-sponsors and international experts, (3) the number of meetings held with the APEC Secretariat and Program Directors in PPSTI [target: monthly], (4) the number of stakeholder engagement meetings that will be conducted to ensure that there is clear understanding of the need for domestic innovation systems and how it can benefit the business communities, and (5) the number of public engagement activities that are conducted by the PNG host organization PNG Science and Technology Secretariat to raise awareness of the need for innovation as prerequisite for business and national growth and lastly (6) the number and type of promotional tools that will be used for public engagement [target: social media, television, public seminars and web].

Evaluation of the workshop and the inputs into hosting the workshop and the outputs and outcomes will be conducted at the end of the project period to measure the impact of the project in terms of achieving the project outcomes and its potential to influence policy change. 

The success of this project can be envisaged through:

1) The good representation and the level of participation from public sectors, private sectors, institutions and women (50%) from developed and developing economies;

2)  The inputs made by the workshop participants will be compiled in the summary report as a resource for economies; and

3)  The Manual on Best Practices for National Innovation Systems and Networks will be the ultimate resource from this project for economies, especially developing economies, to use.

Linkages

This project originated in the PPSTI fora however, due to the crosscutting nature of innovation, this project will also be relevant to discussions in EC, CTI, IPEWG, SMEWG and HRDWG. The digital copies of the Manual and summary report from this project can also be shared with these foras via the APEC website.

Furthermore, the PO will seek support from the non-APEC Stakeholders like UNDP and other relevant organizations. They will be invited to provide experts/ speakers to present on “connecting SDGs and business innovations” and their involvement will promote cross-sectorial approach and avoids duplication of work in other forums.

Sustainability

This project will continue to have impact after APEC funding is completed because the published manual on “Best Practices on Developing Domestic Innovation Systems and Networks” will form the basis for economies’, especially developing economies, to develop their Domestic Innovation Systems.

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has published many articles on the value of innovation systems in national development and the best practice manual will be a great reference tool for economies to use and also apply in trade related policies and activities. 

The published manual will be an open access material and will be freely available online for the economies to use. We hope that future host economies will build on the workshop’s outcomes so that new information and experiences will be added onto the current practices and improved overtime.

The project will also seek the possibility of getting support from ABAC and other co-sponsors and industries for long term funding to build the management and network systems and funding mechanisms that will be needed to implement the system. 

The progress and impacts of the project will be measured by the increase in science and technology production, improvements in cross border educations and labor mobility for research and development, and the development of domestic absorptive capacity through the innovation systems that will ensure effective technology and knowledge transfer from developed economies. The system will also ensure that there are harmonized standards for science, technology and innovation in a way that encourages international trade in goods and services. 

As a case in point, let’s have a brief look at Chile, an active APEC member. Chile is currently benefiting from growth that was partly triggered by investment into its own innovation system. Policy change within its innovation framework has shifted it from basic innovation to development of a complete portfolio of instruments including institutional capacity building, clear role of innovation in economic development and refinement of innovation policy to improve productivity. They were able to achieve this by learning from available best practices. Chile’s experience provides some light and guideline in pushing for innovation best practices for the APEC economies. Since, Chile will be hosting APEC in 2019, they will be invited to share their experiences and also create an opportunity for pursuing discussions on DIS in Chile in 2019.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Dr. Jeffrey Noro who is the Director of Policy with the Papua New Guinea Science and Technology Secretariat. Dr. Noro holds a PhD in Biological Sciences from the University of New South Wales in Australia and has been the team leader in the development of PNG’s Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, STI Plan and the PNG Science and Technology Council Corporate Plan. Dr. Noro has been part of the PNG cohort that underwent an APEC/Australia Awards Fellowship to undertake a Certificate in International Trade at the University of Adelaide in 2017. Undertaking this course gave Dr. Noro insights into the economics of innovation and the importance of science and technology in developing global value chains. In addition to his role with the Science and Technology Secretariat, he is also an Executive Director The Kainake Project (www.kainakeproject.org), a community based organization that is working on community science and conservation strategies in rural communities in PNG. He has been responsible for leading in implementing community projects through partnerships with the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Australia Museum and the Global Environment Facility – United Nations Development Program Small Grants Program. He has practical experience in implementing projects and stakeholder engagements that should be critical for a successful implementation of this APEC Project.

Dr. Noro will be assisted by a working committee (task force) that includes Ms. Apeame More, Ms. Melanie Paiva and Mr. Lawrence Baro who will be the focal persons for all matters relating to the project. Ms. More has undergone a 9-month training program at the APEC Secretariat in Singapore and currently works as an attaché at the PNG APEC Secretariat. Ms. More will be responsible for all coordination with the APEC secretariat, the Program Directors in Singapore and liaisons with other APEC flora to ensure that the project implementation is carried out according to APEC requirements and achieve the expected outcomes. Ms. Paiva will be responsible for all internal controls and management of the project at the PNG Science and Technology Secretariat. Ms. Paiva is also a member of the PNG APEC Committee on APEC Policy Issues. She will play a critical role in ensuring that this project embeds the four priority programs for PNG in 2018. Mr. Baro recently undertook a Graduate Certificate in International Diplomacy at the University of Queensland. He holds a Bachelor Degree in Business Management at the University of Papua New Guinea and currently works as the Executive Officer to the Chief Executive Officer of the Secretariat.

This committee lead by the Project Overseer will be reporting to the CEO of the Secretariat, Professor Teatulohi Matainaho. Professor Matainaho is the Chief Science Advisor to the PNG Government and leads PNG in the PPSTI fora and Chief Science Advisor and Equivalence meetings within the APEC policy discussions. All in all, the project has a good composition of experience and expertise to deliver the workshop.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

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Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

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Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

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PD Sign Off

Batch

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Monitoring Report Received

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PMU Field 1

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