Project Title

Capacity Building for Marine Debris Prevention and Management in the APEC Region Phase 2 - Implementation of Advanced Marine Debris Management Policies 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

OFWG 02 2017A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

OFWG 02 2017A 

Project Title

Capacity Building for Marine Debris Prevention and Management in the APEC Region Phase 2 - Implementation of Advanced Marine Debris Management Policies 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Health and Emergency Preparedness 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

128,000 

Co-funding Amount

72,000 

Total Project Value

200,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) 

Topics

Fisheries; Marine Conservation; Oceans 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Korea 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Chile; China; Indonesia; Japan; Peru; Russia; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/03/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Chang Joon-Young 

Job Title 1

Team Head 

Organization 1

Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation (KOEM) 

Postal Address 1

28 Songpa-daero 28-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, Korea 05718 

Telephone 1

82-2 34987141 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jychang@koem.or.kr 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Chang Joon-Young 

Project Summary

APEC studies show substantial environmental, economic and social costs of marine debris to APEC economies. Ocean and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) previously endorsed the need for a systematic capacity building program to address marine debris, and approved the Capacity Building for Marine Debris Prevention and Management in the APEC Region Project in 2016. This Phase I Program discussed the diverse fields of the marine debris issue, to the great interest of APEC member states, as shown by attendance from 15 of 21 APEC economies. The Phase II program, proposes to take the outcome of the Phase I program and establish best practices systemic training on marine debris in the APEC region, and develop regionally appropriate marine debris management policies.  This project aims to build capacities in the APEC region through 1) sharing best practices of marine debris management policies 2) developing a first draft of marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC region which could be used as a basis for the regional action plan of marine debris management. It consists of 5 days (including 1 day site visit) education and training in Busan, Republic of Korea. Networking among experts and participants will help to encourage participants' continuous involvement in this issue.

Relevance

Relevance – Benefits to region: There is growing awareness that debris in the marine environment threatens marine life and imposes economic costs. In 2008, damage by marine debris to the APEC member economies was estimated to be $1.265 billion (McIlgorm et al., 2011). Amounts of plastic marine debris discharged to waterways and finally to Pacific Ocean are predicted to increase continuously. Their negative impacts on shipping, tourism, and fishing industries would be enormous and chronic. Unfortunately, experts say there is no "one size fits all" solution to reduce the amounts and impacts drastically. Therefore, preventative measures and improved management at sources can be effective. Raising capacities and awareness of experts and policy makers working on marine debris would be an essential key to their reduction. The reduction at sources can significantly contribute to lessen economic damage of capture fisheries and aquacultures which eventually results in benefits of APEC member economies. The report suggests that 45% of global marine debris input can be reduced by implementing short, middle and long term scenarios that begin at the local level.

A number of decisions and resolutions on marine debris were adopted at the global level by the United Nations Environment Assembly and in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Marine debris is also a focal area of the Global Partnership on Waste Management launched by UNEP in 2010. With the support of the UNEP Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML), for which the Honolulu Strategy provides the framework, some regional seas conventions have developed specific regional action plans on marine litter, some of which address the issue of plastics and microplastics. In the APEC region, the Virtual Working Group (VWG) on Marine Debris has recognized the severity of the issue and is exerting itself to seek cooperation regarding the matter. Although many economies in the APEC region have dedicated efforts to combat marine debris problems, a substantial number of APEC member states still experience difficulties in effective management of marine debris. A customized education scheme is needed in order for many internationally proposed marine debris management frameworks and policy guidelines to be utilized in actual practice.

Relevance – Rank: This project falls under Rank 1 of the 2017 APEC Funding Criteria on specifically under the following:  Ocean-related issues for economic growth, including Blue Economy, fisheries; as well as aquaculture and the implementation of the Plan of Action on Food Security and Blue Economy; conservation and sustainable development of marine and coastal resources, including reduction of marine debris, which directly contributes to promoting regional economic integration.

Objectives

This project is expected to achieve the following objectives:

1) Inform participants of the latest marine debris policies and regional marine debris management cases through presentations from experts and international organizations;

2) Convene NGO, official and industry stakeholders from both the environment and fisheries area to develop regionally appropriate marine debris management measures and related policies;

3) Share best practices and develop economy specific measures especially focused on regional action for marine debris through break out roundtable discussions;

4) Discuss reasonable methods for expert agencies to inform policy makers for regional marine debris management guideline/manual of APEC member economies; and

5) Developing a first draft of marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC which could be used as a basis material for the regional action plan of marine debris management. This draft, which is a main difference from Phase 1,  will include productive economic activities such as those related to fisheries and aquaculture. 

The estimated outputs of this project will be as follows:

1) Development of training standards and public awareness materials, including best practices appropriate for individual economies;

2) Developing a first draft of marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC region; and

3) Establishing a regional(APEC, ASEAN, etc.) network between participants and experts for continued collaboration.

Alignment

Alignment – APEC: APEC is the most appropriate forum for this project considering APEC’s increasing focus on ocean and fisheries. This would be the second public awareness program on marine debris in APEC following the first one, which is phase I. Marine debris was identified as one of the seven potential work projects in the 2nd APEC Ministerial Meeting in 1990 and its threat on economy opportunities in coastal communities was also recognized in the 18th Meeting in 2006. The 2014 Xiamen Declaration noted to encourage cooperation on the reduction and mitigation of marine pollution, including from land-based sources, through continuation and expansion of efforts to reduce marine debris. Building capacity on marine debris is directly linked with this important priority.

Alignment – Forum: The APEC’s OFWG is committed to advancing discussions and the development of solutions for common resource management problems and share best practices. Moreover it also aims to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources as well as protection of marine ecosystems needed to support fisheries and aquaculture. In 2015, the OFWG noted the marine debris issue mentioned in the Paracas Declaration has not been explicitly addressed and could be reconsidered during the formulation of the new strategic plan. There is a growing recognition among many APEC economies that marine debris increasingly threats sustainable development. Prevention and proper management at sources are aligned with the OFWG Workplan. The 4th APEC ocean-related ministerial meeting 2014, specifically encouraged cooperation on reducing marine debris including working with the APEC Chemical Dialogue (CD) through the joint Virtual Working Group(VWG) on Marine Debris. And, this project could link the effects of marine debris to cross cutting fora such as Policy Partnership for Food Security, and Tourism and Transportation working groups. Also, the Phase I Program of the Capacity Building for Marine Debris Prevention and Management in the APEC Region Project, proposed by OFWG in 2016, was successfully hosted in Korea in June 2017.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will enable the developing economies in the APEC region to better prepare for reducing marine debris by helping them to build business and community resilience. Developing economies in the APEC region will be able to strengthen their capacity to mitigate marine debris by sharing expertise and collaboration on response and assessment marine debris.  Majority of our cosponsors are APEC developing economies.  Several of these economies will be engaged throughout the development and execution of this project, including training workshop. 

Another of the capacity building needs for the APEC developing economies is to develop a communication mechanism to exchange views about policies and regulatory affairs in this field and in the long to create a better response environment in mitigating marine debris.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Considering the funding for this project will be provided by the ASF Health and Emergency sub-fund in regards to emergency preparedness, this project will concentrate on the development of capacity-building projects that primarily benefit and engage developing member economies. 

The outputs of this project will be as follows:

(a)  Development of on-site training programme for APEC member economies through proceedings on the training standards and educational contents. Participating economies in the workshop will be able to share information, knowledge and lessons learned from experiences on combating marine debris as well as strengthen their legal and institutional rrangements to eliminate the leakage of plastic and waste into oceans and waterways. This workshop also contributes to boosting the proliferation of best practices in marine debris management and prevention, which the organizers will compile into brief case studies to circulate to participants. Direct outputs refer to all workshop materials, including overall documents and the results of discussions from the workshop.

(b)   As the necessity to manage marine debris issues in the regional level has been emphasized worldwide, we will discuss the methods to manage marine debris efficiently at the APEC level and put together recommendations. We will also prepare the first daft manual or guideline  for marine debris management in the APEC region, which will reflect the outcomes of phase II project and the major outcomes of other APEC self-funded projects regarding marine debris.

(c)   A final report will be produced following the workshop. The report will include overview of marine debris management policies and activities in the APEC region; best practices in preventing, reducing and removing marine debris; and draft of guideline/manual marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC region which could be used as a basis material for the regional action, which is big different output from Phase 1 besides training manual. While the final report of phase I project describes only general status of marine debris issues , the final report of phase II project will suggest more specific and in-depth guideline for regional marine debris management, Furthermore, It will be noted that regional situation, relevant scientific research and continuous policy dialogue should be necessary before developing regional action plan or solid guideline for marine debris in APEC region.

Outcomes: The mid-term outcomes expected for this phase II project are:

(a)  mprovement of economies’ systems including planning, policy and regulation to prevent, reduce and remove marine debris;

(b) Development a first draft of marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC region to managing waste entering inland and coastal water;

(c)  Promotion of individual and corporate behavior change through public awareness and education to address marine debris;

(d)  Supporting the initiation of a harmonized regional/lobal marine litter monitoring effort and the standardization of methods, data and valuation on marine debris; and

(e)  Promotion of individual corporate behavior change regarding the marine debris, thorugh the public awareness and education among different stakeholders at all levels.

Beneficiaries: The major beneficiaries of the project are as follows:

(a)  The main beneficiaries are all citizens and stakeholders including government officials from both the environment and fisheries ministries, NGOs from marine conservation filed, fisheries industries, marine products consumers, marine leisure sector and scientists from marine policy and management area of the APEC economies and others outside of the region whose activities (livelihood, recreation, etc) are linked to the shipping, fisheries and aquacultures, and tourisms in APEC region. It is suggested that the economies encourage their local governments and relevant NGOs to participate in this training program. It is recommended for those who are responsible or have many experience in marine debris policy area in the APEC economies to participate in this programme, but not necessarily to be exact same.

(b)   The linkage lies on the developing economies that have not joined the international conventions including MARPOL 73/78[1] and London Convention[2]. Also, linkage exists with platforms and tools [e.g. the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment form Land-based Activities (GPA), the Global Partnership on Marine Litter(GPML) and the UNEP Regional Seas Programmes and Action Plans]. Political leaders in economies with coastal communities from ministries and local government agencies dealing with waste management, coastal resource management, land/sea-use and development are beneficiaries. Donor agencies and groups will also find this information beneficial as the workshop results can inform the importance of international development assistance and investments to address marine debris issues.



[1] . International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution form Ships

[2] . London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

Dissemination

The final report of the phase II project and outcome of the training program including draft of marine debris management guideline/manual in the APEC region will be an electronic publication which will comply with APEC publications, IP policy and logo guidelines.And it will be published on APEC website, distributed to APEC member economies through other APEC sub-fora (including OFWG and VWG on marine debris), and disseminated to relevant international/regional organizations and private and non-governmental institutions. To make this report more useful, electronic publication will be introduce to other regional network or non-governmental institutions  such as COBSEA, PEMSEA, YSLME, ASEAN, Ocean Conservancy and IUCN during the relevant meetings and workshops. The target audience for results of this project will be government officials in the environment and fisheries ministries in the APEC region who is responsible for marine debris management and marine ecosystem conservation.

Gender

APEC members recognize that the full potential of women’s contribution to the APEC economy remains untapped. As a result, women’s economic empowerment and greater inclusion of women in the regional economy are still top agendas of APEC. Gender perspective should be incorporate into the goals, priorities, policies, activities, and resource allocation on marine debris as well. Women and men are equally important stakeholders to address and combat marine debris since their health is directly affected by the impact of micro plastics or small plastic particles from cosmetics and clothing. Moreover, they have an important role to play in reducing the amount of wastes from households, industries, fisheries, etc., entering the environment, internal waters and the seas through the individual behaviour change. 

Although this project is aimed at all people within the APEC region, the organizers will make every effort to encourage the participation of women in the project’s planning, management and implementation. We believe that effective prevention and management of marine debris led by women can be accomplished by including women into the training program at the ratio of 1/4 of the total participants. The phase I project,successfully engaged both male and female participants in the workshop with a ratio of 50 percent of women participation. The results from phase I project will hopefully encourage other women expert in the filed to join phase II to strengthen their capacity in marine debris.

Women and men will have equitable access to, and benefit from the project. To provide equitable benefits to women and men, we will prepare an evaluation form delivered at the end of the program including gender-related indicators.

Work Plan

Planned activities

Process frame

’18.1

’18.2

’18.3

’18.4

’18.5

’18.6

’18.7

’18.8

’18.9

’18.10

’18.11

’18.12

Demand survey

X

X

Contact and collaborate with relevant organizations

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Course confirmation

X

Participants request

X

X

X

Participants finalization

X

Course preparation

X

X

Training execution

X

Course report and evaluation

X

X

X

X

X

X

Course feedback and circulation

X

Activities

Time

Task

Deliverables

Course preparation

7 months

Demand survey

Contact and collaborate with relevant organizations

Participants request

Course preparation

Course manual

Training workshop

1month

Course execution

Recommendations

Discusstion report

Course report and

 evaluation

4months

Develop and review the guideline/manual

Course report

Draft of guideline/manual

Final report


 <Tentative schedule> 

Marine Debris Prevention and Management Training Course in the APEC Region, Phase 2 – Implementation of Advanced Marine Debris Management Policies

Pre Day

 

Arrival of Participants

1st Day

08:30-09:00

Registration

09:00-09:30

Opening ceremony and Welcoming address

09:30-10:00

Course introduction

- Workshop aims and objectives

- Facilitator introductions

- Participant introductions

- Workshop timetable and administrative matters

- Safety Induction

10:00-10:45

Overview of the main outcomes of phase I project

11:00-11:45

Socioeconomic impact assessment of marine debris management

13:00-14:30

Case studies of marine debris recycling policy

14:30-17:00

Case studies of land based marine debris management

17:00-18:00

Group discussion on marine debris management policies

2nd Day

09:00-10:30

International Cooperation and The Legal Framework

11:00-12:30

Overview of regional management of marine debris including APEC regions

13:30-15:00

15:00-18:00

Case studies of regional management of marine debris

3rd Day

09:00-11:00

Major outcomes of APEC self-funded marine debris programs

11:00-12:00

Major issues of marine debris in APEC regions

13:30-15:30

15:30-18:00

Group discussion on major marine debris issues in APEC regions

4th Day

09:00-12:00

Technical Tour (coastal marine debris management) Part I

13:00-18:00

Technical Tour (waste treatment) Part II

5th Day

09:00-11:30

Develop a draft of implement policy in APEC (group discussion)

13:00-16:00

Group discussion on necessity and process to establishing regional action plan of marine debris management in APEC

16:00-17:00

Course Review

17:00-18:00

Course Evaluation - Lessons Learned

Closure of Course

Diplomas

Risks

It is difficult to share marine debris management policies and come up with the guidelines for marine debris management in the APEC region through one-off training program. The effective marine debris management at the APEC level will be possible only if the draft discussed through this training should be refined and improved working with other marine debris programs in the OFWG and through VWG on Marine Debris activities. In addition, efforts at the APEC level to realize the severity of marine debris problem, improve the marine debris management policies, and share related information should be made. 

In addition, we need to encourage multi-stakeholders’ involvement in the project including central/local government agencies, private businesses and industry, NGOs, academic organizations so that they can effectively support a wide range of activities for addressing marine debris problems. Prompt dissemination of results to all stakeholders who mostly lived in the coastal areas and direct contact with relevant experts on marine debris in APEC region will also be a challenge. This can be managed through active promotion of project outcomes and reports with multiple APEC fora and outside partners. In addition, we will encourage the participants who government officials in both the environment and fisheries ministries spread and share the main outcomes of this project in their local areas.

No other risks other than those mentioned above are drawn from the Phase 1 project.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The project will be mainly evaluated by (1) the quality of the training manual (the comments from the experts and trainees); (2) the number of the training course participants (22 participants from 11 economies); (3) the impacts of the training course (comments from the trainees).

Feed backs from participants at the training program will be an indicator of success in the short term. This will be sought using a questionnaire regarding course contents and satisfaction, distributed right after the program. This questionnaire will be designed taking into consideration gender perspective using quantitative (e.g. rationr of female participants will be 1/4) and qualitative approaches (e.g. female’s opinions and satisfaction). 

The mid-term measure of success will be the use of the phase II project’s main outcome, draft of marine debris management guideline/manual In the APEC region. This can be assessed by evaluating the progress and activities of marine debris management in the APEC regional level within 5 years. 

The longer-term measure of success will be the utilization of the results by developing APEC economies in supporting their decision making for reducing marine debris not only on the centrall but also regional level.

Linkages

Engagement: APEC leaders decided to expand efforts on preventing and mitigating pollution, responsible waste management, and the loss or illegal discarding of fishing gear, to reduce land based and marine pollution and marine debris through promoting innovative waste management solutions to prevent marine debris, and promote participation in the APEC Virtual Working Group (VWG) on Marine Debris.

This project directly links to the themes of APEC VWG on marine debris within APEC. The effort to reduce marine debris includes working with Japan and the United States (members of OFWG/VWG on marine debris) which already expressed their willingness to co-sponsor this project. We will closely communicate with VWG on marine debris and share our results in CD VWG meetings. We will also consider sharing our result with PPSTI and PPFS within APEC. This project will also attempt to link with existing international/regional platforms; such as GPA, GPML, UNEP Regional Seas Programs (NOWPAP, COBSEA) and UNDP/GEF Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem (YSLME).

Previous work: This project is the follow-up program of the phase I program which was carried out in 2016. In the phase I program in which the overall training on marine debris was carried out, the need for more in-depth trainings on ML for APEC economies and the need to come up with marine debris management methods in the APEC region was raised. This project was designed to strengthen the capacity of the APEC economies and contribute to the efficient marine debris management. With the US and China, which are currently conducting other self-funded marine debris projects in the OFGW (i.e. U.S. sponsored Policy and Practice Recommendations), we will consult closely, and through cross-participation, contribute to the project.

APEC’s comparative advantage: APEC is the best sources of funds for this project because the capacity building program on marine debris has never been implemented by OFWG or in any of other APEC working groups. Differing policies and natural characteristics in the area of marine debris followed by individual economies reflect the diversity among the all APEC economies. There has not yet established a guideline or manual to measure and manage marine debris in the APEC region. Most of the APEC developing economies are facing financial and technical difficulties in building up their infrastructures to respond to marine debris. It is crucial that APEC economies recognize the importance of support from other economies.  In this regard, international and regional cooperation in the APEC region, in enhancing the effectiveness of marine debris management would be beneficial.  APEC’s focus on capacity building is key advantage, as this project seeks to foster an environment for sharing and developing draft of regional guideline in marine debris management.

Sustainability

The lessons gained from the project will help APEC economies, especially developing economies to recognized the importance of marine debris management to identify and take the proper measures to prevent marine debris, plus exploring of further cooperation among APEC economies to investigating sustainable and cost-effective solutions to reduce and prevent wastes in regional levels. This project will contribute to enhancing participants’ understanding on their current situation, hence, may enrich their expertise in the policy making, management, and implementation or doing businesses. It is also expected to create a network among participants for further consultation and mutual cooperation between the economies. 

This project phase II is to review the current policies of marine debris in the APEC region and discuss about the APEC regional collaborative measures against marine debris. The organizer will work with OFWG to ensure that the group will continue to pursue next activities (i.e. develop regional action plan for marine debris, follow-up  marine debris workshop or trainings)  to make sure that this project is not just on-off event.

The long term impacts of this project are to put developing APEC economies with poor governance, regulations, infrastructures and public awareness on marine debris into a position to reduce, monitor and manage it effectively and economically as possible. Moreover, it supports the initiatives of harmonized regional marine debris management effort and the standardization of methods, data and evaluation of marine debris in the APEC region.

A final report on the program, other than teaching materials, textbooks, will also be developed as part of the project outcomes, which will contribute in promoting region-wide awareness and policies on marine debris.  We will also report the outcomes of this project at the APEC VWG in 2018 in order to promote cross-fora collaboration.

Project Overseers

Project Overseer: Chang Joon-Young 

Title: Team Head and Chief of International Affairs Team, Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation (KOEM)

Biography: Ms. Chang is a lawyer, New York, USA.  She graduated from Korea University Law School, Korea and completed her master’s degree in international law at Georgetown University Law School, in Washington D.C. USA, winning the Fulbright Scholarship.  She earned her second master’s degree in Corporate Law at New York University Law School, USA.  Before joining KOEM, she worked for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as legal counsel.  She was in charge of environment and labour negotiations for the government of Republic of Korea in the WTO meetings.  She then transferred to the Seoul Metropolitan Government and worked as senior legal counsel and Director for the international legal affairs division. Having lived in Indonesia, Malaysia, Portugal, England and France, she is capable of communicating effectively with all participant economies carrying out this project.   For the past years, she has conducted projects involving COBSEA, NOWPAP, PEMSEA, IMO, IOPC Funds, YSLME, ASEAN etc, thus, has networks of experts and resources in the field.  She now leads the international affairs team of KOEM, promoting international cooperation and projects around the world. 

Main Point of Contact:  Kim, Young Nam

Title: Senior Researcher of the International Affairs Team, Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation (KOEM)

Biography: Dr. Young Nam Kim is biological oceanographer and he obtained his doctor degree in Southampton University, UK.

Before joining KOEM, Dr. Kim worked in National Oceanography Centre in UK as a research fellow and for the Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) as a research scientist. He has been working in the field of phytoplankton ecology, marine ecosystem monitoring and climate change study as well as marine protected area (MPA) management for more than 15 years. Currently, he is the focal point of Korea-Wadden Sea cooperation, Korea-NOAA MPA capacity building program, NOWPAP CEARAC, NEASPEC NEAMPAN, marine debris cooperation and APEC OFWG. Through his various experiences and international network, he can run this program successfully.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

 

Waivers

1)    The project would be requested for the simultaneous interpretation. Simultaneous interpretation costs are needed for those trainers who are not proficient in English. The wavier is sought under exceptional circumstance where Korean trainers with limited English language skills are nominated as speakers or experts during their portion of the training course. Their expertise and knowledge is an essential part of the training program and for the timely benefit of all participants of the participating economies who use English universally. We would request simultaneous interpretation for 2 days only from 5 total training days since we will be structuring the course with Korean trainers requiring simultaneous interpretation all in two day. Additionally, simultaneous interpretation is unavoidable considering those who have over 10 years’ experience in the field of marine debris and also speak English proficiently are limited.

2)    The second waiver is in regards to separated contracts for the simultaneous interpretation and short-term clerical fee. The first reason for the split in contract is the utilization of the two short-term clerks for a total of 200 hours per each person. At an hour wage of 20 USD, two short-term clerks will handle administrative support for the training program as well as conduct some translation of training material and surveys. Additionally, interpretation companies in Korea do not offer short-term clerk hiring because the hourly wage is too low. Secondly, considering that the simultaneous interpretation requires a degree and at least 5 years of training, the short-term clerk will not be able to conduct this task of simultaneous interpretation. Thirdly, simultaneous interpretation requires the rental of equipment (receivers, booth, etc) which can only be provided by the specialized interpretation companies.

The field trip [LP1] is required as final waiver to support the delivery of project objective. During the field trip, several exemplary techniques implemented. First, coastal marine debris management technical tour provides participants relevant activities which they learn how clean-up vessels and central & local government work in order to collect marine debris in the coastal area(Busan, Korea). Second, participants will learn about the waste treatment process through Busan Spill Response Stockpile visiting and dredging project site visiting.

 [LP1]Technical Tour: This is deemed a field visit/site visit under APEC funding guidelines and will be subject to a request for waiver in accordance with Chapter 9-60 of the Guidebook. Please provide the justification on how the visit would support the delivery of project objectives to the Program Director for approval

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Total Project Value

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Topics

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Declaration

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Relevance

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Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

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