Project Title

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project Dissemination, Phase 1 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

EWG 03 2017A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

EWG 03 2017A 

Project Title

APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project Dissemination, Phase 1 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

673,845 

Co-funding Amount

101,211 

Total Project Value

775,056 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines; Chinese Taipei; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Masaomi Koyama (new PO wef 11 July 2017) 

Job Title 1

Director, Overseas Energy Infrastructure Office, International Affairs Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy 

Organization 1

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8931, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

koyama-masaomi@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Masaomi Koyama 

Project Summary

The APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project Dissemination Phase 1, which succeeds LCMT Project Phases 1-7, seeks to accelerate the dissemination of low-carbon towns in order to manage rapidly growing energy consumption in the APEC region. The key activities are: 1) to hold the 2nd LCMT Symposium for the dissemination of the “Concept of the Low-Carbon Town in the APEC Region (Concept)” through utilizing APEC Low-Carbon Town Indicator (LCT-I) System; and 2) to conduct Feasibility Studies for a specific area of three towns participated as the LCT-I volunteer towns in the 1st LCMT Symposium in the LCMT Project Phase 7. The nominations of the LCT-I volunteer towns are on a voluntary basis and three LCT-I volunteer towns are planned to be selected through the EWG.

Relevance

This project directly responds to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9), held in Fukui, Japan on 19 June 2010, where ministers discussed low-carbon paths to energy security which also provide cooperative energy solutions for a sustainable APEC as well as growth strategies. Among several messages, they noted that the introduction of low-carbon technologies in city planning to boost energy efficiency and reduce fossil energy use is vital to manage rapidly growing energy consumption in urban areas of the Asia-Pacific region. In this context, APEC Energy Ministers have agreed to launch an “APEC Low-Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project” with a view to presenting successful models for coordinated usage of advanced low-carbon technologies. This project is considered as one of the priority projects for APEC.

While local government and municipal officials are getting interested in making their town low-carbon, their urgent concerns tackling now are to alleviate urban problems such as traffic congestion, air/water pollution, waste management, recycling of used water and so on. However, the main objective of the APEC LCMT Project focuses on CO2 emissions reduction. One element of realizing a low-carbon town is to increase energy efficiency while to reduce unnecessary energy consumption. The investments required for them pay for themselves in a short/medium perspective. The other element is to introduce renewable energy sources such as solar photovoltaic power generation, advanced technology which include building energy management system (BEMS), electric vehicles, smart grid systems and so on. These technologies are still expensive and some of them may need demonstration tests before putting into commercial applications. However, all these technologies have a huge potential to substantially reduce CO2 emissions in towns. As such, the APEC LCMT Project provides towns with opportunities to obtain financial benefit and a future economic development.

This project is directly linked to “building sustainable and resilient communities” (Rank 1) and “energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low-carbon technology and alternative energy sources” (Rank 2), which is because it aims to identify successful models for sustainable communities through coordinated usage of advanced low-carbon technologies.

Objectives

The key objectives of the project are:

1) To disseminate the basic ideas and effective approaches of the Concept through utilizing the LCT-I System, which helps evaluate the progress and status of low-carbon development of various areas in the APEC region;

2) To provide Feasibility Studies of a specified area of low-carbon development projects selected as the LCT-I volunteer towns in the LCMT Project Phase 7 and identify how to improve the low-carbon development plans through the Feasibility Studies; and

3) To share best practices and real-world experiences of low-carbon town design with planners and policymakers throughout the APEC region.

Alignment

Regarding APEC’s key priorities, the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, adopted at the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Yokohama in 2010, calls for APEC to achieve five growths attributes, namely, balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth. Two of them, sustainable growth and innovative growth, directly apply to activities under the Energy Working Group (EWG).

With regard to Sustainable Growth, the Leaders agreed that APEC needs to encourage new green industries and jobs and to help establish a low-carbon society in which APEC economies maintain economic growth as well as protect the environment. In terms of Innovative Growth, they agreed that APEC needs to adopt policies contributing to fostering environment for innovative growth that will be increasingly crucial for future prosperity; they specifically emphasized the need for innovation in new products and services that can enhance progress on critical global issues, including the environment and energy. The APEC LCMT Project Dissemination Phase 1 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy.

Regarding the EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018, the LCMT Project is listed as the EWG deliverables for promoting energy efficiency and sustainable communities according to the EMM9 where Energy Ministers instructed the EWG, through the LCMT Task Force, to develop the concept of a Low-Carbon Town, conduct feasibility studies to encourage creation of low-carbon communities in urban development plans and share best practices for realizing such communities.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will provide feasibility studies of a specified area of three LCT-I volunteer towns participated in the 1st LCMT Symposium (to be held in the LCMT Project Phase 7) and identify how to improve their low-carbon development plans through the Feasibility Studies.

In LCMT Dissemination Phase 1, the 2nd LCMT Symposium will be held for all the APEC developing economies to accelerate the dissemination of LCT through utilizing the Concept and the LCT-I System developed in the LCMT Phases 1-6. The LCT-I System is a set of indicators which allows an economy or its municipalities to identify the actual situation of current LCT development through self-diagnosis. It also provides guidance as to in which sector(s) low-carbon measures can be taken in order to achieve the low-carbon targets and further develop LCT.

For this purpose, the LCMT Task Force (TF) meetings are planned alongside the EWG meetings to report and discuss the progress and results of the LCMT Project. This has been done great success in Phases 1-7. Phases 6 and 7 are currently underway and their progresses have also been reported at the LCMT TF meetings.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: One report for the results of Feasibility Studies for three LCT-I volunteer towns will be published as the output of this project. The report of the Feasibility Studies will support capacity building for government and municipality officials in other APEC developing economies, since they can refer to the report and apply them, if appropriate, to their own economies. 

The 2nd LCMT Symposium is planned to be held in Samui Island, Thailand (TBC), which was the case town for the Feasibility Study and Policy Review in the LCMT Project Phase 2. The objectives of the Symposium are:

1)  Share information on advanced LCT projects in the world including the previous LCMT case towns in the APEC region;

2)  Promote the use and recognition of the LCT-I System as a tool to disseminate LCT in the APEC region;

3)  Explore possibility of utilizing the LCT-I System to develop bankable low-carbon development project in APEC developing economies; and

4)  Gather feedbacks from experts and delegates of LCT projects for the improvement of the LCT-I System. 

PO will request APEC economies to nominate their LCT and select three LCT-I volunteer towns for the 2nd LCMT Symposium. Six review experts will also be nominated from the APEC economies to select the LCT-I volunteer towns of the 2nd LCMT Symposium. The review experts will examine the nomination sheets and self-evaluation results of the LCT-I System submitted by the candidates. Three guest speakers will also be invited: one each from in and outside of the APEC region to share the best practice of LCT; and one from a financial institution to provide support schemes. Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) will closely communicate with the relevant government agency of the host town so that the Symposium will be a follow-up for the host town while they can appeal the progress of their low-carbon development to the participants of the Symposium. The participation of representatives from the APEC developed economies will also be expected, but on a self-fund basis. 

Just like the previous phases in LCMT Project, the progress and the result of LCMT Dissemination Phase 1 will be reported to the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technology (EGNRET) for seeking input from experts and disseminating the information. 

Outcomes: The report of the Feasibility Studies is useful for the LCT-I volunteer towns in improving and elaborating its LCT development plan and supporting policy measures in the medium-term. The developers and the policy planners for the LCT project are required to revise their plans and policies to upgrade the quality of their LCT project. The report is also useful for towns/cities in other APEC member economies, as they encourage low-carbon communities. Through sharing best practices and recommendations in various volunteer towns/cities studied in the project, the economies interested can see appropriate pathways towards becoming low-carbon communities. 

In the LCMT Symposium, a guest speaker from financial institution will be invited to provide their support scheme so that the participants can develop a bankable low-carbon development project. 

The wide spread use of the LCT-I System will accelerate the shift to the development of LCT as the LCT-I System provides guidance to properly evaluates the development of LCT. The first edition of LCT-I System was released in the LCMT Project Phase 6 and are available at both the APEC and APERC websites. The LCT-I System is designed to be as simple as possible with user-friendliness in mind. It is a self-assessment tool to assess and monitor the progress of each LCT development project, but not for comparing the progress with other towns/cities. The assessment areas of the LCT-I System are comprehensive and uses a five point scale evaluation in principle. It is supposed to be used by central and local government officials. 

Beneficiaries: Obvious beneficiaries of the LCMT Project Dissemination Phase 1 will be the local government officials and the planners of the LCT-I volunteer towns in the 1st LCMT Symposium (to be held in the LCMT Project Phase 7). They will gain valuable advice on how to design an attractive and innovative low-carbon development project through the Feasibility Study. The area to be focused in the Feasibility Study in each LCT-I volunteer town will be identified through the review process in the Symposium. The Feasibility Study could provide specific guidance on the selection of mitigation measures in a specific area such as building, transport sector, etc. The Feasibility Study can also be used as a checklist for what needs to be done in each stage of the LCT development project, including planning, design, construction and operation. 

Other beneficiaries are the participants of the 2nd LCMT Symposium. For the 2nd LCMT Symposium, two representatives from 11 travel eligible economies, six review experts and three guest speakers will be invited. PO will request 11 travel eligible economies to nominate two representatives who are in charge of low-carbon design of cities/towns. In principle, one is from the central government and the other is from local government in order to share information and enhance the cooperation between the two for the low-carbon development. If a travel eligible economy believes a follow-up is necessary, the LCT-I volunteer town of the 1st LCMT Symposium in the LCMT Project Phase 7 can be nominated as one of the representatives to participate in the 2nd LCMT Symposium.The self-evaluation results of the LCT-I volunteer towns and the host town of the 2nd LCMT Symposium will be reviewed by the experts. The invited representatives of the travel eligible economies will also learn from these review results. In addition, best practices of LCT development and financial support schemes to be provided by the guest speakers will be beneficial to all the participants. 

This project also provides guidance to anyone who may be involved in the design of urban development projects, including government officials and planners throughout the APEC region. Planners and officials will benefit both from the Concept as a guidebook for low-carbon development and from the example of the LCT development including the results of the Feasibility Study. The LCT-I System can be used to monitor the progress in the implementation of possible low-carbon measures. All the findings and outcome of the project will be shared at the ENGRET, LCMT TF and EWG meetings and through the websites, which allows government officials and other relevant stakeholders to know appropriate measures toward LCT development.

Dissemination

The Feasibility Study report will be published on the APEC and APERC websites. The results of the Feasibility Study will also be presented in LCMT TF meetings held in conjunction with EWG meetings. 60 sets of the Concept and the LCT-I System will be published as textbooks to be used in the LCMT Symposium. 

APERC will continue to seek any opportunities to disseminate the achievement and findings of the LCMT Project in international/domestic conferences where we have been or will be invited. The LCT-I System will be presented at the 40th International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) International Conference in June 2017. 

The target audiences are the government officials and the planners of the LCT development project across the APEC region. 

There is no intention to sell these outputs.

Gender

We had many female participants in the previous phases of the LCMT project. We will continue to encourage economies to nominate both women and men as experts and participants. PO hopes to achieve female participation of 20-30%. 

Studies have shown that climate change exacerbates gender inequality as women, especially in less developed economies, are more affected by the impacts of climate change. For example, women are more likely to die in natural disasters and large scale climate events than men, which increase in frequency and potency as climate change continues (see e.g., http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/10117IIED.pdf). Projects such as the LCMT Project actively aim to reduce the impacts on climate change in the APEC region. Accordingly, low-carbon development is likely to have a positive impact to the benefit of women.

Work Plan

1)   The Concept has been developed and refined in the LCMT Project Phases 1-6. The APEC Low-Carbon Town Indicator (LCT-I) System was established based on the Concept in Phase 6 and will be utilized as a tool to disseminate the basic ideas of the Concept. Three towns will apply the LCT-I System in the 1st LCMT Symposium in Phase 7 to identify their weakness and areas to be improved as the LCT-I volunteer towns.

The 1st LCMT Symposium will be held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 14-15 September 2017 as a part of the LCMT Project Phase 7.

2)  In the LCMT Project Dissemination Phase I, Feasibility Studies for a specific area for three LCT-I volunteer towns will be conducted after the 1st LCMT Symposium. A consultant for conducting Feasibility Studies will be selected by an international open tender in August 2017. The expected period for the Feasibility Studies is approximately one year from October 2017 to October 2018. One report for the results of Feasibility Studies for three LCT-I volunteer towns will be published as the output.

3)  The Second LCMT Symposium is planned to be held in Samui Island, Thailand, which was the case town for the Feasibility Study and Policy Review in the LCMT Project Phase 2 (TBC), in September 2018. The nomination for three LCT-I volunteer towns and six review experts will start in the first half of 2018. 

APERC will coordinate the work of the 2nd LCMT Symposium under the direction of Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan. 

Work Plan of Each Task

1)  Feasibility Study

a)  Selection of three LCT-I volunteer towns for the 1st LCMT Symposium to be held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 14-15 September 2017 as a part of the LCMT Project Phase 7: June-July 2017

b)  Selection of Feasibility Study Consultant: August-September 2017

c)  Feasibility Study in three LCT-I volunteer towns selected in the LCMT Phase 7: October 2017-October 2018

d)  Publication of the Feasibility Study report on the APEC websites: December 2018 

2)  2nd LCMT Symposium

a)  Nomination for three LCT-I volunteer towns: December 2017 (TBD)

b)  Nomination for Review Team: February 2018 (TBD)

c)  Selection of three LCT-I volunteer towns: April-June 2018 (TBD)

d)  Nomination for Guest Speakers: May-July 2018 (TBD)

e) 2nd LCMT Symposium in Samui Island, Thailand: September 2018 (TBD)

Risks

The key risks of this project are:

1) The Feasibility Study report of the Dissemination Phase 1 is ineffective. PO and APERC will avoid this risk by contributing the selecting process of a qualified consultant who not only has expertise in various low-carbon measures and technologies, but also has a deep understanding of the selected project, through a competitive tender. PO and APERC will also monitor the progress of implementation of the LCMT Dissemination Phase 1 periodically.

2) The LCMT Symposium fails to attract interests of APEC developing economies. APERC, as an executant of this project, will avoid this risk by providing best low-carbon measures in practice not only in APEC economies but also in non-APEC economies.

Monitoring and Evaluation

To measure the progress, possible indicators are the number of participants in the LCMT Symposium. The feedback from the participants including representatives from APEC developing economies, six review experts and three guest speakers will be reflected for the improvement of the LCT-I System and the project’s activity when necessary. 

The LCT-I System enables the government officials and policy makers to identify the low-carbon measures to be implemented and monitor the progress by themselves based on the self-diagnosis. The LCT-I System includes both quantitative and qualitative indicators in the areas of energy, environment, resources and governance. The self-evaluation results will be presented by three LCT-I volunteer towns and the host town in the LCMT Symposium. 

The PO and APERC will be monitoring the progress of the project on a regular basis, and will take appropriate action in the event that progress is not satisfactory. The LCMT TF will also be monitoring the overall progress of the project and can recommend appropriate changes to the project plan if results are not of the expected quality. The schedule of LCMT Symposium will be used as an indicator to monitor if the project is on track or not. 

The outcomes will be reviewed by the EWG members and posted on APEC and APERC websites. APERC website hits will be logged as another indicator to show the project is successful or not. 

The quality of the Feasibility Study will be measured by its clear set of CO2 emissions reduction targets with direct as well as indirect indicators, and its carbon reduction measures with their quantitative contributions to CO2 reductions. The quality of the Policy Review will be measured by the number of policy recommendations covering wide range of policy issues in the intended LCT.

Linkages

While the APEC LCMT project focuses on developing economies, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) mainly focuses on developed economies in its Green Cities Programme. Since the LCMT Project Phase 3, OECD experts on the Programme have been invited to join in the project activity to share their knowledge and experience in environmentally friendly urban development. In addition, as for the LCT-I System, active discussion has been carried out with experts of ISO on possible contribution by the LCT-I System to international standardisation of city indicators since 2015. 

The PO will establish the linkage with the previous phases through inviting experts/stakeholders involved in the previous phases to Dissemination Phase 1. The PO is also planning to establish the linkage to other LCMT projects by requesting report the results to the LCMT TF. In this connection, the result of many related projects in China is expected to be summarised and reported by APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC) based in Tianjin, China. The PO will also consider inviting other sustainable urbanization work inside APEC (eg Urbanisation FotC, Cooperative Network of Sustainable Cities, EGEEC Net Zero Energy / Green Buildings) in the LCMT TF meetings and examine the possible synergies with other global sustainable urbanization initiatives (eg UNEP, COP21) outside APEC with the guidance of the APEC Secretariat.

Sustainability

The intention of this LCMT Project is to provide real-life model towns that will be viewed as good examples of LCT development planning. These towns will last for many decades, and they will be open for anyone to see. The towns themselves are, therefore, likely to be the most enduring legacy of this project. If these towns are successful, they will attract the attention of urban planners and policymakers throughout the world, who will visit them, hear about them from each other, and read about them in professional and popular publications. In particular, the LCT-I volunteer towns become educational tools for neighbouring towns in addition to the previous case towns in the LCMT Phases 1-7. The EWG could ask the host economy to prepare a short follow-up presentation after the publication of the Feasibility Study report. 

The LCMT Symposium is held to follow up the progress of previous LCMT case towns and further disseminate LCT utilizing the Concept and LCT-I System. Through the self-diagnosis of LCT-I System, users can see what low-carbon measures they need to implement. Periodical assessment will help sustainable low-carbon growth in each LCT. APERC will keep the evaluation examples of LCT-I System for the reference of other LCT in the APEC region and continue to improve the LCT-I System through reflecting feedbacks collected in the LCMT Symposium and other opportunities. In order to directly involve more LCT in the project, LCMT Symposium will invite three LCT-I volunteer towns to present the application results of the LCT-I System. The experts’ review of the self-diagnosis results will be a training for the LCT-I volunteer towns, host town (previous LCMT case towns) and the representatives of travel eligible economies. LCMT Dissemination Phase 1 will also include the implementation of Feasibility Studies in specific areas of the LCT-I volunteer towns that are identified to be improved in the review process of the 1st LCMT Symposium in the LCMT Project Phase 7. 

It is ideal if the self-diagnosis of LCT-I System can encourage the implementation of low-carbon development projects utilizing the support scheme of financial institutions which is planned to be introduced in the LCMT Symposium.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseer is Mr. Katsushi Takehiro, Director, Office of Global Strategy for Energy Industry, International Affairs Division, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE), Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan. The main points of contact responsible for this project are as follows: 

Mr. Hiroki Yoshida
Deputy Director, International Affairs Division
Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan
yoshida-hiroki@meti.go.jp

Ms. Yuko Tanaka
Researcher
Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC)
yuko.tanaka@aperc.ieej.or.jp

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

We would like to request a waiver to allow the low-carbon town experts who are government employees from non-travel eligible economies to receive airfare and per diem expenses. They would play an important role in sharing experiences and knowledge of LCT development and dissemination of LCT in the APEC region.

We would also like to request a waiver for the payment of the expenses for the field trips on the second day of the LCMT Symposium which are the indispensable elements for the implementation of the project.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 4.0 
Created at 11/07/2017 09:45  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 11/07/2017 11:40  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search