Project Title

Smallholders and SMEs' Response to New Climate Scenarios regarding Sustainable Water Use as a Contribution to Food Security 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

PPFS 01 2017 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

PPFS 01 2017 

Project Title

Smallholders and SMEs' Response to New Climate Scenarios regarding Sustainable Water Use as a Contribution to Food Security 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

170,000 

Co-funding Amount

20,000 

Total Project Value

190,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) 

Topics

Food Security 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Chile 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; China; Japan; Mexico; New Zealand; Peru; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/07/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/07/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Monica Rodriguez Bueno 

Job Title 1

Coordinator of the Policy Unit, National Irrigation Commission 

Organization 1

Ministry of Agriculture 

Postal Address 1

Av. Libertado Bernardo O'Higgins, #1449, 4th Floor, Santiago, Chile 

Telephone 1

56-2 24693438 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

monica.rodriguez@cnr.gob.cl 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Monica Rodriguez Bueno 

Project Summary

In support to APEC’s 2017 Rank 1 priority of promoting regional economic integration through projects related to sustainable agriculture and the implementation of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020, Chile is seeking APEC funding to conduct a Seminar on building competences to address urgent climate change issues and the already observed adverse effects on water availability for smallholders’ agriculture. This activity aims to enhance cooperation between APEC economies, with a focus on exchanging concrete experiences and policy recommendations on efficient and sustainable use of water in agriculture. A three-day seminar will be held in Santiago Chile, on November 2017. Participants from APEC economies (authorities, experts, farmers and academia) will have the opportunity to learn about each other experience and build regional capability to address common challenges. The output of this seminar will be Summary Report containing valuable information and recommendations for all APEC members.

Relevance

The effects of climate change have been increasing in recent years. They are causing serious problems in the world population and food security i.e. small and medium-sized agricultures are already experiencing the negative impacts on their production due to changes in the regime of global precipitation and temperatures patterns. The effects of rising trends in global temperatures have been defined as global warming. This anthropogenic-induced process is strongly related with droughts and megadrougths that impact food production. The global warming has been also related to variations of precipitation intensity, and precipitation accumulation which produces extreme hydrometeorological events (i.e. flash floods or debris flows) that impact the society, the ecosystems, and the food security.

The capacity of the rural population to overcome the impacts of climate change depends on factors of diverse nature, such as socio-economic, cultural, ethnic, technical, etc. Another important factor to have in consideration are the policies and legal resources available in the domestic economy. Despite mentioned, there are farmers who have incorporated good practices to adapt their agricultural production process under new climatic scenarios. These mitigation actions are good strategies for the economy to adapt and assure food security during the coming decades.

The participation in different workshops generated by APEC has allowed the creation of a framework to share experiences of the different economies. This framework allows developing new policies and support tools for decision makers. This contributes to improve the adaptive capacity of production processes to ensure food security in the APEC economies. In this regard, the Chilean proposal includes the interchange of experiences between policy makers, farmers, and researchers with the objective of improving the adaptive capacity of the APEC agriculture to future climate change. At this stage, Chile proposes to focus the discussion over topics related to water resources, because it is the natural resource most affected by climate change in the APEC economies. A seminar of three days will be carried out to develop strategies, and discuss about the negative impacts of climate change over the water availability, and consequently over the development of small- to mid-size farmers. With this initiative, Chile is looking to improve the cooperation between the APEC economies. This initiative is specifically looking for the interchange of concrete experiences and recommendations towards the developing of sustainable agriculture against climate change. The results obtained from these workshops will be reported as a final document containing all the experiences and recommendations and it will be available for all APEC members.

This proposal directly falls under Funding Criteria Rank#1: Food security, including food production, processing, supply chain and trade and safety, sustainable and climate resilient agriculture and fisheries, sustainability of these activities and rural development, innovative rural areas, technical cooperation and new technologies, as well as implementation of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020, the Food Security Business Plan, and the Piura Declaration on APEC Food Security. In addition, the project is also linked to Rank#2 as it supports the three pillar of the APEC Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth: sustainable growth as it seeks to improve the efficiency and sustainability of water use in agriculture which is the sector of the economy that is the major water user in the region; innovative growth as it will identify innovative practices and technologies adapted to smallholder agriculture; economic growth as it contributes to boost food supply and trade.

Objectives

This project is looking to improve the cooperation between the APEC economies by integrating all their knowledge about the negative impacts of climate change in the agriculture and food security. The main objective of this project is to share experiences and better practices about an efficient and sustainable use of water resources.

Specifically, this project will looking for recommendations in the following aspects:

·  Strategies to face new climate scenarios under economic, social, and environmental criteria.

·  Adaptive capacity for small- to mid-size farmers to cope with droughts and floods.

·  Determination of the suitability of new lands for agricultural purposes under new climate change scenarios.

. Preventive and alert management in case of emergencies due to extreme rains and severe droughts.

Alignment

This project responds directly to the Vietnam’s host year priority on “Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in response to Climate Change”.

Second, this project directly responds to the directions set by APEC Leaders last November in Peru: 2016 Leaders’ Declaration: “we encourage economies to share best practices in water management to ensure water availability and increase water use efficiency, considering multi-sectoral and multi-level perspectives. We will foster APEC cooperation for the sustainable use and integrated management of water resources”.

Third, this project is completely in line with the 4 Ministerial Declarations on Food Security, especially 2016 Piura Declaration: “we encourage economies to share best practices in water use and governance, considering multi-sectoral and multi-level perspectives. We will foster APEC cooperation for the sustainable use and the integrated management of water resources” and “we call on economies to strengthen our efforts to increase capabilities on climate change adaptation and mitigation suited to different economies”.

The project contributes to the implementation of APEC Food Security Business Plan 2014-2020 (objective 3: “strengthen resilience of agricultural producers including smallholders” and objective 4: “promote sustainable management of natural resources, increase resilience to natural disasters and global climate change” of goal 1: “sustainable development of agriculture and fisheries”) and of APEC Food Security Road Map Towards 2020 (“ensuring sustainable management of natural resources such as land and water”, “facilitating technology transfers and best practices sharing in the area of sustainable management of land and water resources”, “increasing resilience to natural disasters and global climate change”, “promoting agricultural production practices that assist in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate change”).

This project also fits within the Framework for Multiyear APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change (Strategic theme N°2. “Cooperation on best practices, which could include cooperation and capacity building on application of practices in such areas as specific agriculture and aquaculture sectors, water management, and improving capacity on extreme weather and drought impact reduction, risk assessment and risk management”) and the APEC Strategic Framework on Rural-Urban Development to Strengthen Food Security and Quality Growth (specific objective of “conserve and enhance natural resources and promote their sustainable use by applying policies for the integrated management of resources… in particular water, in the context of climate change”, both welcomed by Food Security Ministers in Piura, 2016.

Furthermore this work builds on two other PPFS projects as it raises complementary issues:

-  Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change (United States).

-  Challenges for water and food security, in a context of climate change in the APEC region (Peru).

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

1) This proposal considers the development of a seminar to interchange experiences and recommendations of the APEC economies experts with decision makers, and small- to mid-size farmers.

2) This proposal will develop a website containing all the relevant aspects of the seminar i.e. technical reports, publications, presentations, news, etc. With the aim to develop the web site an expert in web design will be employed. The operation and funding will be executed by the National Irrigation Commission of Chile. The web site will be operational until 2019.

3) This proposal will elaborate a recommendations about climate change adaptation measures that will be available for downloading from the seminar’s website.

4) This proposal will develop a final report including all the work done during the seminar, but especially focused on the different experiences and recommendations of the APEC members. This report is expected to be a supporting tool for decision making in order to establish public policies aimed to support agricultural productive processes under new climate change scenarios.

Outcomes: This project is expected to increase the availability of information to generate new policies aimed to improve adaptive capacity. This information will be based in the elaboration of supporting tools to be used by private sectors, but specifically to allow small- to mid-size farmers regarding efficient and sustainable water use for the development of productive processes under new climate change scenarios. The activities proposed by this project are also expected to provide valuable inputs for the public and private investments in terms of including the new climate scenarios in the productive processes. The final objective of these activities is to improve food security in the APEC economies. In addition, it is also expected that the results generated by the seminar, and published as a final report, will be useful for future research, especially those funded by public agencies.

On the other hand, a process of continuous improvement (PCI) will be carried out through the establishment of working groups aimed to deepen the discussion about the issues and potential solutions available for the APEC economies. The working groups, will be coordinated by the speakers agree to their experience

The results of working group will be firstly presented at the PPFS Plenary in Papua New Guinea during 2018, and then in the APEC meeting that will be held in Chile during 2019. These meetings will reinforce the cooperation networks towards shortening and overcoming the gaps to climate change adaptation. The generation of tools to improve water resources management and food security will be an essential outcome from these meetings. 

Consequently, the aim of the project is to develop a seminar as an opportunity for exchanging experiences about any adaptation to climate change, which will be scheduled by November 2017. After the seminar, a document with a set of recommendations on climate change measures will be drawn up. A website will be designed and implemented with relevant information for the seminar, and also where people will find the lectures of the seminar, the final document with recommendations, as well as follow-up project ´s activities. 

Beneficiaries: 

A) Project Group Members 

1) Representatives of the APEC economies. We will expected 40 total participants, where 20 of them are representatives from each travel-eligible economies, and the other belong from other APEC economies and economy host. In both the seminar and the meetings.

2) Authorities, decision makers, and representatives from public agencies. It is expected to have representatives from public agencies of different sectors i.e. water resources, agricultural, irrigation and management of catastrophes.

3) Agricultures. They will be invited to participate from the seminar and meetings (working groups) to share their experience and problems associated to potential impacts of climate change.

4) Experts and representatives of universities and centers of investigation. From this group we will select speakers for the seminar and participants for the working groups.

B) Project Products Users

1) Representatives of public agencies. The public agencies participating in the project will have free access to the results and products generated by the project. They will be able to use the information and results to generate supporting tools to improve food production.

2) Small- and mid-sized farmers. They will be benefited by the results of the project in developing mitigation measures to improve food security under climate change scenarios. They will be invited with the decision makers to know other realities of the APEC economies, to evaluate the opportunities to incorporated better experiences in their sectors.

3) Researchers. The researchers participating from the project will have access to the results and products of the project. The information can be used to generate publications and future research about this topic.

4) Water User Organizations (WUO). According to the regulations of each APEC economy.

5) Representatives of other productive sectors, as energy sector, water treatment, tourism, etc. 

The main beneficiaries of this project will be the small- and mid-sized farmers. The tools provided by the APEC seminar will allow the elaboration of better policies and tools aimed to improve the management of extreme events, and the developing of an integrated water resources management (IWRM).

The participants of the APEC seminar will be encouraged to share their experiences, and suggest recommendations for the development of "plans of action" for all APEC economies. These plans of action will establish adaptation and mitigation measures to provide food security for all APEC economies. 

The participation of Chilean government authorities, such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Environment, and Public Work, will be considered. Authorities and personnel from geographically close economies, such as Peru, will be also considered. Additionally, representatives of the Chilean people will be considered, such as the Civil Society Council of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Chilean Irrigation Commission, whose members are representatives of the academic world, productive organizations and organizations of water users. It is also expected to have the presence of farmers, representatives of small producers ' organizations, as well as the general public.

Dissemination

1) The results of the seminar will be also disseminated through a website that will be freely available for all APEC economies.; and

2) After the realization of the seminar, a final document containing all the information (data, visual material) will be available in an open website, which will be available for the public.

Gender

Across the Asia-Pacific region, rural women play critical roles in achieving each of the pillars of food security. For instance, women in small and medium-sized agriculture play a crucial role along the entire production chain i.e. working in harvesting activities, working in industrial processes, and planning the purchase and distribution of food at the familiar scale. Within this context, water is needed not only for drinking, but also for the production and preparation of food, for personal hygiene, washing, and disposal, among others. The dependence of women on water is transversal and not only applies to small and mid-sized farmers. It also highlights the importance of women in food production. 

During its development and implementation, this project will ensure gender equality. Both men and women will have the same opportunities to participate and collaborate in the different project phases. Priority will be given to women leaders, and they will be encouraged to participate in the different meetings to be held by this project. We will promote gender equity in all the activities developed by this project. Information about the activities carried out by this project will be sent to as many women as possible. Different criteria will be used to finally select the women leaders who will participate and contribute their experience during the activities of this project. It is expected that 50 per cent of the speakers are women.

Work Plan

Work plan:

Date

Activity

July – August 2017

1) Working Plan.

2) Methodological Design

3) Developing of the seminar agenda taking in consideration the availability of APEC economies and the invited speakers.

September – October 2017

1) Review of the methodology and schedule of the activities.

2) Logistics and document preparation;

3) Invitation for PPFS members to nominate participants representing their respective APEC economy

November 2017

1) Hold a three-day seminar in Santiago.

Day 1: Working groups with representatives and experts by thematic field.

Day 2 and 3: Plenary Meeting. Talks given by International Experts.

December 2017 – February 2018

1) Consolidation of seminar results and drafting of the report.

February 2018

1) Elaboration of report containing the main results and discussions of the seminar.

March 2018

1)   Publication of the seminar results on the web site

Risks

Low participation of APEC economies: Although there will be the presence of the economies, there could be a low attendance of the other economies, due to the distance of Chile from other parts of the world which implies high costs of transportation.

In order to avoid any problems with the participation of the experts, for example last minute desertion, all contacts will be carried out in advance, in order to count effectively with the presentations that will be programmed.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Once the proposal is approved, information about the impact of climate change in food security, with a focus on sharing best experiences about the efficient and sustainable use of water resources, will be collected in the different APEC economies. For this purpose, a digital formulary will be sent to the representative of each APEC economy to provide information related to the topics under analysis. This form is expected to provide a first diagnostic about the impact of climate change in food security of the APEC economies. After the realization of the seminar, different working groups will be established with the objective of validating the information provided by each APEC economy during the collection of preliminary information. The National Irrigation Commission will be in charge to collect the digital formulary and the established of the different working groups. 

A final report containing the main results of the APEC seminar will be created and will be available in the seminar’s website. A PCI will be based on working groups to deepen the results and discussion about the topics discussed during the seminar. This final round of results will be presented at the PPFS plenary in Papua New Guinea during 2018, and then in the PPFS plenary that will be held in Chile during 2019. This PCI will be coordinated by The National Irrigation Comission of Chile, by a 3 years starting from the seminar date. 

The seminar and activities performed by this project will be evaluated following the subsequent points: 

1) Number of APEC economies that provided information about the impact of climate change in food security (At least 10 members);

2) Number of economies attending the seminar (at least 14 economies);

3)  Number of publications (one preliminary report, and one final report);

4)  Level of satisfaction of the participants (at least 70% of satisfaction); and

5) Number of attendants to the meetings.

Linkages

APEC members, such as PPFS, ATCWG, EWG, PPSTI and the Climate Center of APEC. International organizations such as GWP, FAO (Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture and Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock), CGIAR (Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Program, CCAFS) might be interested in contributing with experts to participate in the project, seminar and evaluation process. Finally, it is worth noting that this project also contributes to Paris Pact on Water and Climate Change Adaptation (signed during COP 21) as well as the Sustainable Development Goals (specifically SDG 2 and13). 

- 2016 PPFS Project “Strengthening APEC Cooperation on Food Security and Climate Change”: this project is complementary as it looks for increasing knowledge of approaches to addressing challenges related to climate change and food security, as well as to assist developing economies to develop sound policies, strategies and practices to secure sustainable agriculture and aquaculture/fisheries sectors. As IWRM is a recognized effective and adaptive measure for climate change, these projects will create synergies to focus the technical-economic cooperation.

- APEC Program on Food Security and Climate Change (APEC Piura Declaration – Annex I): the water project is strongly linked with this multi-year program as it may be considered as one of the key activities of the strategic themes that has been set out by the program.

- OECD Water Governance Programme (2015): Set of rules, practices, and processes through which decisions for the management of water resources and services are taken and implemented. Indicators may be taking into account as reference to develop the research.

Sustainability

In this line, APEC forum has allowed share experiences in order to develop new policy and tools to aim decision makers.  In this context, work with experts and representatives of the APEC economies, to allow present the public, private and political vision under a context of achieving food security, considering the effects of climate change. 

·  Promote meetings with authorities and researchers working in the area of climate change, food security, and water resources. This will be part of the PPFS work plan with the objective of monitoring and evaluating advancements, share new related information, and discuss new tendencies about this topic.

·  Strengthen the cooperation network as a way to improve public policies under new climate change scenarios.

·  The results of this project will be included in a final report which will be sent to the representatives of each APEC economy for their information and application.

.  The work carried out by the working groups will be kept after the finalization of the project as a way to give sustainability to new potential projects. Chile through the National Irrigation Comission, will manage to follow the working groups and report through the web site to be created under the context of the seminar.

Project Overseers

Name: Mónica Rodríguez Bueno

Title: Head, Policies Unit, National Irrigation Commission – Ministry of Agriculture

Organization: National Irrigation Commission – Ministry of Agriculture

Postal address: Av. Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins 1449, Tower 1, Floor 4, Santiago. - Chile.

Tel: (56) 2 24693438
E-mail: monica.rodriguez@cnr.gob.cl
CC: jaime.yanez@cnr.gob.cl

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The project team will coordinate the project and the organization of the plenary and working groups meetings.

An overall service that will support meeting preparation, organization, moderation and result processing will be contracted. 

The website design will also be contracted, however, the maintenance of the site and its databases, will be self-funded until 2019. The National Irrigation Commission of Chile (CNR) owns the infrastructure and staff needed to keep the website active.

Waivers

The Project presented, contemplates the creation of a web page, in order to have a means to permanently disseminate the presentations and topics of interest of the seminar and meetings. We are interested in highlighting the importance of disseminating APEC funding for other projects related to these same issues, as Chile will host the APEC meetings in 2019 and we consider that the early diffusion of these activities is necessary.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

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