Project Title

Making the Case for Clean Energy Investments with Life-Cycle Impact Assessments 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

EWG 02 2017A 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 02 2017A 

Project Title

Making the Case for Clean Energy Investments with Life-Cycle Impact Assessments 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

89,565 

Co-funding Amount

41,475 

Total Project Value

131,040 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

United States 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; Hong Kong, China; Japan; Korea; Papua New Guinea; Chinese Taipei; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/07/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/03/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Elena Thomas-Kerr 

Job Title 1

Seniro Advisor 

Organization 1

US Department of Energy 

Postal Address 1

1000 Independence Ave SW, Washington, DC 20585, USA 

Telephone 1

1-202 5866148 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

Elena.Thomas-Kerr@hq.doe.gov 

Project Proponent Name 2

Taunya Atwood 

Job Title 2

Managing Associate 

Organization 2

US-ATAARI 

Postal Address 2

1777 N Kent Street, Suite 1400, Arlintgon, VA 22209, USA 

Telephone 2

1-703 5167857 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

tatwood@nathaninc.com 

Declaration

Elena Thomas-Kerr and Taunya Atwood 

Project Summary

As electricity demand in the APEC region continues to rise at significant rates, the project will support the implementation and development of cleaner power generation technologies in APEC economies. Building or retrofitting a power plant is a long-term investment. Additional costs that derive from environmental and health impacts are not always included in the decision-making process. This project will deliver a workshop addressing the environmental and health impacts across the lifespan of a power generation investment and introduce APEC economies to practical tools to assess, quantify, and communicate the impacts and costs of different power generation options. Through the workshop, the project seeks to enable APEC economies to 1) Formulate business cases for cleaner fossil-fuel and renewable energy investments; 2) Select emerging technologies for accelerated development; 3) Defend the health and environmental benefits of clean air and energy policies.

Relevance

The burning of coal, natural gas, and oil for electricity and heat is the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions, making up twenty-five percent of the world’s emissions in 2010 according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The International Energy Agency estimates that electricity demand in Southeast Asian economies will increase by 80% between 2015 and 2040.  Each decision within the APEC region to undertake a major retrofit or build a new electric power facility represents a long-term financial commitment with lasting implications to not only an economy’s greenhouse gas emissions, environment and public health, but also that of the APEC region. The purpose of this project is to provide decision-makers with the tools to consider the environmental and health impacts when deciding how to proceed with an investment.

APEC has acknowledged the need to consider social impacts such as environment and health impacts when making power infrastructure decisions, for example in the draft APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure. This project will build upon this recommendation by providing capacity building on specific health and environmental impacts to consider across the lifecycle of an investment, available tools and datasets for estimating the extent and cost of such impacts, and strategies for applying impact assessments to drive cleaner energy decision making. Investments in cleaner energy will benefit the region by decreasing the environmental and health impacts associated with traditional power generation.

Relevance – Rank: Which Rank in the annual APEC Funding Criteria does this project fall under? Briefly explain why. Is it also linked to other Ranks? If so, briefly explain which/how.

Rank 1 of Building Sustainable and Resilient Communities, as well as Rank 2, directly supporting the APEC Leader’s Growth Strategy for sustainable growth. Capacity building to provide tools to APEC decision-makers to evaluate the environmental and health impacts of power generation technologies over the life cycle of the investment will support further development and implementation of low carbon technologies and alternative energy sources, as well as safeguard the quality of life through sustainable growth. The project also supports Innovative Growth by enabling APEC economies to further harness new clean energy technologies for the future.

Objectives

1) Promote cleaner energy technologies in the APEC region with a workshop to address the environmental and health impacts of power generation technologies and provide an overview of tools to assess and quantify the associated costs.

2)  At the workshop introduce APEC decision-makers, primarily energy and finance government officials, as well as, researchers, and policymakers to life cycle impact assessments and available tools and datasets to enable APEC economies to better:

a) Formulate business cases for investing in clean fossil fuel or renewable power generation technologies;

b) Evaluate new clean energy technologies for health and environmental impact to focus and accelerate development of the best new technologies; and

c) Understand and defend the health and environmental benefits of policies to promote clean energy solutions and reduce pollutants.

3) Provide an opportunity for APEC economies to share best practices for environmental and health assessment, discuss strategies for successfully communicating assessment findings, and gauge the need for further training of the available toolsets.

Alignment

APEC Leaders continue to reiterate the aspirational goals to reduce aggregate energy intensity by 45 percent by 2035 and double the share of renewable energy in the regional energy mix by 2030 to achieve sustainable and resilient energy development within the Asia-Pacific. In 2015, APEC Energy Minsters reaffirmed the importance of low carbon development to achieve our individual and regional economic aspirations and goals. APEC Energy Ministers also welcomed the APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure taking into consideration not only resilience to extreme weather events but also lifecycle costs, environmental impact, responsiveness to changing market circumstances and business continuity.

TILF/ASF Justification

This workshop is designed to assist in capacity building of APEC economies around large energy projects. In particular, Asian economies have a varied level of development in energy policy development and practice, which may mean markedly different levels of knowledge about tools to include health and environmental impacts in the decision-making process. 

The goal is to help APEC economies in making the economic argument for cleaner power generation technologies. Economies will learn about tools that can be used to model environmental and health costs of an energy project over the entire life-time of a project, as opposed to evaluating projects solely on initial costs of building the power generating station. This could be the first of several potential workshops about cleaner power generating technologies, depending on what APEC developing economies find most beneficial about this workshop.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The primary output from this project is the 2-day workshop on Life-Cycle cost analysis for the clean energy technologies, implemented around October 2017. The Project Overseers will develop a summary of the workshop outcomes and ideas for priority next steps, based on the needs of workshop attendees. The attendees will be introduced to several tools for doing life-cycle cost analysis, focusing on environmental and health costs. Depending on which tools would be most beneficial, as assessed from workshop feedback, additional training for the modeling tools could potentially be arranged in additional workshops. 

Workshop presenters will be from both developing and developed APEC economies, and will focus on the needs of the developing economies. All of the presenters will frame their presentations in the context of their experience of capacity building for life-cycle analysis in developing economies. Additionally, representatives from developing economies who participate in the EGNRET will help to guide and implement the project, and thus will help define the agenda and speakers. Finally, APEC member representatives will be encouraged to invite policymakers, decision-makers, and researchers from developing economies who will potentially benefit from this workshop (see Beneficiaries below). 

The presentations will highlight the tools, such as BenMAP, Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, and Analytic Hierarchy Analysis, that can be used to provide environmental and health costs to economies over the lifetime of an energy project, as opposed to taking into account solely the cost of building the power plant. These tools can be used in both developing and developed economies, but will be focused on the needs of the APEC developing economy setting. Presentations will also discuss the pros and cons of Clean Energy. As noted above, several presenters will be from developing economies who can discuss their experiences with developing new energy projects. 

Outcomes: This capacity building workshop will better equip APEC decision-makers, policy makers, and researchers with the knowledge and expertise to 1) discuss the pros and cons of clean energy projects, especially regarding the health and environmental impacts of energy projects, 2) identify different decision making modeling tools (for example BenMAP, Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, Analytic Hierarchy Analysis) to make the economic argument for clean energy infrastructure projects, 3) identify priority next steps that would be most useful for developing economies in order to utilize these tools (i.e. necessity for additional training on the modeling tools, discussion of procurement for clean energy systems, etc.). 

The workshop is the beginning step to help economies think about making the economic argument for clean energy policies by taking into account additional costs, such as health or environmental impacts that are not currently encapsulated in the framework for making long-term energy decisions in an economy. We consider this workshop a step in a long-term effort in developing a community within member economies that can assess the life-cycle cost of energy projects: we want to begin a capacity building process through enabling a robust environment for utilizing decision making modelling tools, strengthening institutional capacity, and improving individual capacity. We hope that some of the workshop participants will return to their economies as  “Life-cycle cost champions” who will lead the charge in adopting the tools and resources for developing this capacity. 

In order to best utilize APEC value in bringing about the desired changes, the PO will work with the EGNRET to first endorse the best practices with the EWG for implementation within member economies. We will then work with the EGNRET to monitor the implementation on an annual basis and report back to the EWG, then Energy Ministers on their success. This reporting will directly support movement toward APEC Ministers and Economic Leaders-endorsed energy intensity and renewable energy goals. 

Beneficiaries: This workshop will bring together decision-makers, policy makers and researchers engaged in evaluating electric power infrastructure investments, and life-cycle impact assessment experts from APEC economies as well as experts from international organizations that can provide global expertise on life-cycle impact assessment. Workshop participants will directly benefit from the information on various tools and datasets available to perform impact assessments, including quantifying costs associated with such health and environmental impacts. Such information will help participants to further consider health and environmental impacts of electric power infrastructure investments and assist them in making a business case for cleaner energy technologies. 

The general public of the APEC region will be the long-term beneficiaries as they will benefit from more informed decision making, which may result in investments in cleaner energy solutions with less environmental and health impacts. 

Participation in the workshop will be open to all APEC member economies and relevant stakeholders. Support will be provided for travel eligible economies that desire to send 1-2 representatives who are in place to champion expertise development. The participants will include representatives from government, academia, utilities, non-governmental organizations, and research institutes. We will also ensure the participation of the APEC EGNRET. Key ministries will be notified about the proposed project: National Energy Administration (China), Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (Indonesia), Ministry of Energy (Thailand), Ministry of Industry and Trade (Vietnam), and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority (New Zealand). 

The workshop will encourage active participation of women from APEC economies to engage in discussions about the long-term energy decisions that impact their economy and provide them with the tools for making the economic argument for cleaner energy technologies.

Dissemination

The presentations made at the workshop, along with the written summary on the results of the workshop, will be broadly distributed among APEC EWG and other participants, including international experts attending the workshop. The materials will be posted electronically on the EWG and APEC websites and shared among EWG expert groups. The results of the workshop may be shared more broadly with other fora that work on Life-Cycle Costs Analysis for Clean Energy infrastructure, including posting the results or a summary of the workshop on their respective websites as well. This workshop will also serve as the basis for future APEC discussions and capacity building activities on Life-Cycle Costs of energy infrastructure projects.

Gender

Women will be directly and actively involved in the project. There is high participation of women in the EGNRET already. The workshop organizers will be careful to include women speakers and participants in the workshop, such as inviting Professor Mili Ann Tamayao from University of Philippines to speak on Life-Cycle Analysis.  The organizers will also encourage women to be involved during the preparatory stage and actual activity. Invitations sent to EWG will take due consideration of gender concerns by encouraging the suggestion and nomination of female speakers and participants. 

In addition, the project proponents will ensure that the evaluation forms to be distributed at the end of the workshop will include information on gender for disaggregating data for project assessment and will help in evaluation of specific responses of women and men. 

Substantively, the implementation of clean energy projects should result in more targeted assistance to low-income and vulnerable populations, including populations living in remote or rural communities. Since women often bear significant responsibilities in low-income households and communities, they should benefit from improved policies and programs resulting from the recommendations and best practices shared at this workshop.

Work Plan

This workshop will be held as a stand-alone workshop in September or October 2017. We would like to partner with Malaysia who is planning a workshop on the Life-Cycle Cost of Solar Power Projects, but this has not yet been finalized. 

Planned activities are as follows: 

1) June 2017 to July 2017: Identify key stakeholders; identify workshop venue options. Develop list of proposed speakers and meeting participants; develop draft agenda; 

Outputs: Draft Agenda, and invitation issued

2) July 2017 to August 2017: Finalize logistics; book venue; invite speakers and other attendees. 

Outputs: venue contract, participant list, revised agenda 

3)  September 2017: Finalize agenda and all speakers. Hold speaker calls to prepare for presentations and receive all draft presentations for review. Develop any breakout group materials. 

Outputs: finalized agenda, speaker materials 

4)  September 2017 to October 2017 (TBC):Conduct workshop introducing the Life-Cycle Costs of environmental and health impacts of power generation technologies. 

Output: Workshop 

5) December 2017: Disseminate findings to APEC economies via an outcomes report and publish on the APEC website. 

Output: outcomes report   

Risks

We expect a fairly low level of risk for this project. The main risk is ensuring that we attract a good number of targeted officials and experts in the room for the workshop- given the location and the timing it might be challenging for some officials to attend. In order to mitigate this risk, the project overseers will actively reach out to targeted speakers and participants well in advance of the workshop, and will also work with EWG delegates and representatives to identify the most appropriate representatives in each of the economies. The invitation will also be issued well in advance to ensure sufficient time for participants and speakers to plan for attendance at the event. An additional risk is ensuring that the right participants attend the workshop. In order to mitigate this risk, the invitation letter will include information on the appropriate participants.

While it might not be possible, the project overseers will explore possible remote participation and at the very least, ensure all presentations are circulated to the broader group.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The workshop will identify a number of tools and strategies for effectively evaluating the health and environmental impacts of various electric power technologies, which will be disseminated across APEC economies. This information should inform domestic decision making within individual economies to help strengthen the case for cleaner energy technologies. Gender specific impacts will be addressed as part of the impact assessment and female speakers will be sought. In addition, the project overseers will develop a baseline survey to be distributed to all workshop attendees that will measure the knowledge of participants at the beginning of the workshop. In addition, an identical survey will be given to participants at the conclusion of the workshop to measure knowledge gained. 

The project overseers will design and distribute an overall evaluation questionnaire at the end of workshop on Day 2, taking care to build time into the agenda before the conclusion of the workshop so that speakers and participants can complete it.  Participants will be able to provide qualitative feedback on the two day workshop program through the questionnaire, including suggestions for areas of follow up. In terms of participation (a quantitative indicator), the results and feedback will be closely reviewed through an evaluation form that will be given to participants at the workshop, collected and reviewed. 

The project overseers will review these evaluations and finalize the feedback prior to finalizing the workshop report and deliverables. In addition, the US implementers will send a follow up survey, one year after the workshop, to ask how and if participants are using the knowledge that they acquired. All of these results for both will be disaggregated by sex as part of the evaluations. The indicator for the follow up survey will be knowledge gained/knowledge applied. 

Project overseers anticipate 35-45 workshop attendees and targets 40-50% to be female.

Linkages

This workshop builds upon the APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure and related workshops. The current workshop will provide guidance and capacity building on how to further consider the “social” costs of electric power infrastructure. The workshop will also bring together two EWG expert groups, the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies and Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy. There is potential for future collaboration with the Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation, the Transportation Working Group and the Health Working Group.

Sustainability

This workshop will provide an introduction to APEC economies to include the entire cost of energy projects, life-cycle analysis, when making long-term energy infrastructure decisions. Tools and modelling techniques to include the health and environmental benefits to make the business case for clean energy will be introduced to workshop participants, and a needs assessment will be done to determine next steps. 

Possible next steps may include the following:

1) Additional training on modeling tools to be able to implement life-cycle cost analysis for each specific economy needs;

2) Transfer of knowledge from participants to other colleagues in their home economies who are involved with decision making in energy infrastructure;

3) Use of results or outcomes from this workshop as input for study on the status of Life-Cycle Analysis in the APEC region; and

4) Follow up workshops or meetings after economies have begun to use Life-Cycle Analysis to make energy infrastructure decisions to share best practices with one another.

In addition, workshop implementors will send a follow up survey, one year after the workshop, to ask how and if participants are using the knowledge that they acquired to assess outcomes and impacts.

Project Overseers

Ms. Thomas-Kerr is a Senior Advisor at the U.S. Department of Energy and currently serves as the U.S. Representative to the APEC Energy Working Group.  She is engaged on clean and sustainable energy policies and programs and has served as an advisor within the U.S. government on these issues. She has 15 years of experience in bilateral and multilateral programs focused on a range of energy and national security issues at the U.S. Department of Energy. Ms. Thomas-Kerr holds a MA in Foreign Service from Georgetown University. 

Ms. Atwood is a Managing Associate on the US-APEC US – APEC Technical Assistance to Advance Regional Integration (US-ATAARI) project. She is an experienced international project management specialist with more than twelve years of experience managing international development programs in the areas of economic growth, private sector development, international trade, and global leadership development programs for USAID and the US Department of State. Ms. Atwood holds an MA in International Affairs from George Washington University.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Should there be any changes to the budget and scope which involve seeking waivers from the normal APEC financial rules, the PO will seek approval from the Program Director by providing sufficient justifications and detailed explanations.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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