Project Title

APEC Workshop/Seminar on Capacity Building for Preventing Accidents in Maritime Dangerous Goods and Containers Transportation 

Project Year

2017   

Project Number

TPT 01 2017T 

Project Session

Session 1   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

TPT 01 2017T 

Project Title

APEC Workshop/Seminar on Capacity Building for Preventing Accidents in Maritime Dangerous Goods and Containers Transportation 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

TILF Special Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2017 

Project Session

Session 1 

APEC Funding

127,685 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

127,685 

Sponsoring Forum

Transportation Working Group (TPTWG) 

Topics

Transportation 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Chinese Taipei; United States; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/06/2018 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2018 

Project Proponent Name 1

Kazunori Midorikawa / Shinichi Kigawa 

Job Title 1

Director / Deputy Director  

Organization 1

Dangerous Goods Transport Office, Inspection and Measurement Division, Maritime Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism 

Postal Address 1

2-1-3 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8918, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 52538639 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

midorikawa-k57mv@mlit.go.jp; / kigawa-s565f@mlit.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Hitoshi Nissaka / Susumu Endoh 

Job Title 2

Deputy Director / Chief 

Organization 2

Dangerous Goods Transport Office, Inspection and Measurement Division, Maritime Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism 

Postal Address 2

2-1-3 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8918, Japan 

Telephone 2

81-3 52538639 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

nissaka-h2ek@mlit.go.jp / endoh-s26@mlit.go.jp 

Declaration

Kazunori Midorikawa, Shinichi Kigawa, Hitoshi Nissaka and Susumu Endoh 

Project Summary

On a global level, the volumes of seaborne trade continues to increase.   At the same time, the quantity of containerized dangerous goods is also growing dramatically. Preventing accidents involving seaborne containers carrying such cargos is increasingly challenging and crucial for both the safety and economic efficiency of marine-based trade involving APEC economies.

Some accidents involving dangerous goods arise from a lack of knowledge of the applicable international regulations. Another challenge is ensuring that all of the relevant parties involved in ocean shipping follow these regulations rigorously.

In this context, Japan proposes holding a workshop aimed at achieving safer seaborne transportation by enhancing APEC economies’ understanding and implementation of the regulations that could prevent such incidents/accidents.

The participants targeted for this training would be the relevant staff in maritime authorities of APEC economies. The workshop would be held in Japan (or another economy where TPTWG will be held).

Relevance

Seaborne international trade has grown steadily over the past decades and this trend will continue in the future. In the APEC region, a huge number of containers are transported by sea, with the majority of them used in intra-Asian trade. A key risk requiring mitigation then becomes the prevention of accidents involving seaborne containers carrying many different varieties of hazardous products.

To prevent marine accidents, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has issued safety regulations under the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and various codes. SOLAS, as amended, deals with various aspects of maritime safety and includes mandatory provisions governing the carriage of dangerous good in packaged form.  Specifically, SOLAS prohibits the carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form, except in accordance with the relevant provisions of SOLAS’s Chapter VII, which are expanded upon by the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.  For example, the IMDG Code requires that all shippers of dangerous goods listed in the Code shall use the Proper Shipping Name of the goods and the correct description in accordance with the classification set out in the Code.  Transport information relating to the carriage of dangerous goods in packaged form and the container/vehicle packing certificate shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the IMDG Code and shall be made available to the person or organisation designated by the port State authority.  Furthermore, amendments to SOLAS Chapter VI, regulation 2, that came into force on July 1st, 2016, require the shipper to verify the gross mass (VGM) of the packed container and ensure that proper weight information is delivered for the container to be appropriately loaded on a vessel. 

While the various IMO Conventions and codes have many requirements to enhance safer seaborne transportation, decent number of accidents still occur.  Since a large quantity and variety of cargoes are subject to these regulations, it is important to ensure that all people involved in ocean shipping follow them rigorously.  Furthermore, although the amended SOLAS VGM regulations described above came into force in July 2016, only 45 of 162 economies (around 28% members) have developed and published their domestic laws/guidelines for facilitating the VGM regulations.  Implementation of IMO regulations varies considerably among members because understanding and enforcing those provisions requires professional knowledge and management know-how. For example, IMDG Code lists more than 6,500 codes covering over 3,000 commodities, each with its proper method for packing.  For the safe trade and in tandem with economic growth, it is important that APEC economies fully understand and comply with existing international rules and regulations. Japan believes this capacity-building project will contribute to this goal. 

-  Rank 1, Bullet 10 – “Supply Chain Connectivity”

- Rank 1, Bullet 11 – “Connectivity, including the implementation of the APEC Connectivity Blueprint on enhancing physical, institutional and people-to-people connectivity”

- Rank 1, Bullet 15 – “Ease of Doing Business”

- Rank 1, Bullet 18 – “Standards, conformity assessment, technical regulations, regulatory cooperation, and regulatory coherence.”

Objectives

1) Enhance the abilities of administrative officers and relevant staff concerning international regulation of seaborne transportation.

a)  Technical experts will give classroom lectures about the regulations, at basic and advanced levels.

b) Participants will provide examples of their domestic practices for implementing such regulations.

c) Japan will arrange site visits to ports, terminals, and maritime authorities to demonstrate real life examples of best practices aimed at safer seaborne transportation.

2) Foster a network among APEC economies to share other issues related to seaborne transportation.

Alignment

This proposed project supports APEC's mission, sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region, and contributes to the Bogor Goals of free and open trade and investment in the APEC region.  This project especially promotes increased harmonization of standards at the regional and global level, and enhances a safe and efficient maritime transportation system supporting the goal of economic development.

In addition, the project will contribute to the Transportation Working Group’s (TPTWG) goal of liberalizing transportation services, and enhancing the safety of APEC transport systems to encourage regional economic development.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project will build capacity on planning, policy development and measurement for maritime transportation of containerized dangerous goods in APEC economies. Furthermore, this project eventually aims to share the information and experiences of the project to consigners, shipping companies and seafarers of their economies. This will lead to safe and smooth seaborne transportation of people and goods in the APEC region, and will help foster improved communications by bringing all stakeholders together at the workshop/seminar.

The project is expected to contribute to investment transportation of APEC economies and in particular, the Osaka Action Agenda (the related reference cited below). 

5. STANDARDS AND CONFORMANCE in PART ONE: LIBERALIZATION AND FACILITATION

12. TRANSPORTATION in PART TWO: ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The main outputs of this project will be several-day workshops/seminars to be implemented in the 3Q (from October to the early of December) of 2018.The seminar will contain lectures concerning regulations for dangerous goods transportation such as the IMDG code, from the viewpoint of making clear how to apply the rules and measurements to ensure safety in the field, and case study of accidents caused by the transportation of dangerous goods. The workshop/seminar will share common problems (e.g. difficulty of training, education regarding regulations because of the wide variety of shippers etc.) and inconvenient cases of each economy, information about accidents (e.g. cases of accidents based on nondeclared or mis-declared etc.) and good practices (e.g.  packing survey of dangerous goods in Japan etc. ) so to best mitigate risk.

The standardized training course and subjects will be established and furthered by this project.

In addition, participants will be able to learn how Japan observes the regulations by visiting warehouses where activities such as the inspection of packaging of containerized dangerous goods is carried out.

Japan expects that each APEC economy holds similar workshop/seminar about transportation of dangerous goods & containers, based on the experience of this project. 

In addition, a report will be produced after this workshop/seminar as one of the project’s outputs. It will be composed of, but not limited to, the following sections: introduction of the project; summaries of the presentations, including best practices; briefings on discussions; and suggested recommendations made by the attendants and experts. 

Outcomes: Changes in behavior and policy: Increased capacity and knowledge of participants about the regulation of transportation of dangerous goods. A key outcome is to decrease the number of accidents caused by non-compliance.

Based on the presentations, discussions and recommendations, project organizers hope that participants can enhance their capacity and knowledge on international maritime transportation of containerized dangerous goods. Therefore, one expected outcome is the application of the workshop/seminar knowledge by participants within their own economies and in co-ordination with each other.

In addition, this project is intended to ensure more clarity around the interpretation of international conventions and related codes at the time of implementation, to have more consistent knowledge between the international rules and domestic regulations, etc. 

Another outcome may be the conduct of similar workshops/seminars in their home economies. In order to do this, participants are encouraged to use the material as resources or for reference when undertaking similar projects in the future. 

Beneficiaries: The main beneficiaries of this project are mainly policy makers and/or administrative inspectors of government institutions in APEC member economies, who will take part in capacity building workshops/seminars and who share best practices or experience problems caused by not complying with the relevant laws and regulations for the transportation of dangerous goods. Participants will be mainly selected from interested APEC economies’ governmental officials in charge of seaborne transportation, whose job title level of the participants is assumed to be around/over chiefs or assistant directors, personnel engaging in practice This project assumes that relevant entities such as ship-owners’association, recognized organizations might need to be invited in the workshop/seminar as necessary. 

International maritime transportation of dangerous goods and containers always includes various stakeholders, such as shippers, forwarders, stowage, customs, ports, and shipping companies. The relevant conventions/codes are discussed among various meetings of these international organizations, therefore these rules and practices require mutual harmonization. In this context, it is very important that the economies discuss and exchange information with each other, transferring that knowledge to their own domestic stakeholders. 

In addition, the results of this project will benefit the private sector, research institutions, regulating bodies, education and academic institutions, and international and regional organizations which are interested in seaborne transportation. These stakeholders will be involved in the implementation of the project to the extent possible.

Dissemination

Participants of the workshop/seminar will be expected to share knowledge gained via the project with others in their own and/or neighbouring economies. To promote this effort, the outcomes of this project, including the abstract summary of the discussion, good practices, learning lessons and policy recommendations, the meeting documents and presentation materials will be made available on the APEC website as e-documents( refer to a report, mentioned on ” 5.Outputs”) to the extent agreed to during the meeting. The outcomes of the workshops will be presented to a subsequent APEC meeting (e.g. MEG) and others as appropriate. Based on the experience gained by holding this project, Japan will be able to cooperate in supporting lecturers at future workshops / seminars held in each economy. 

The target audience includes consigners, shipping companies and seafarers of their economies.

Gender

The transportation of dangerous goods fiend often has an unbalanced male-female structure, with not many females in the field. Therefore, it is not only difficult but also impractical to expect perfect gender equality of the participants. However, organizers will take special care in promoting equal opportunity for men and women to participate in this project, while selecting appropriate participants. The Project Overseers will also make every effort to encourage women to participate in the process of planning and coordinating this project.

Attendance at the seminar and the workshops will be open to both men and women. In addition, the Training Course will be equally beneficial to both men and women.

Work Plan

Duration

Action

Details

FY2017

Investigate and study APEC’s current practices related to hazardous materials management, and prepare for the workshop/seminars

-  Appoint experts to lead workshop discussions and give presentations and/or lectures.

-  Optimize the content of the presentations/lectures about dangerous goods and container transportation, while considering the needs of APEC economies. 

2018

(Jan – )

Prepare for workshops / seminars and technical visit.

-  Determine the detail of

-  Workshop / seminars (date / program, venue, etc.)

-  Prepare materials for the workshop/seminars and arrange site visits.

-  Send invitation letters to the participants.

2018

(Oct –

The early  Dec)

Hold Workshops / seminars and training courses on proper dangerous goods management and transportation.

-  Presentations/lectures on safe transportation of dangerous goods and containers

-  Classroom lectures and fields trips

-  Questionnaires as follow up

Assumed contents and schedule of workshops / seminars

(First day)

Seminar on transporting dangerous goods and containers

Guidance

Recent developments

Classification of dangerous goods

Classification method
Packing group
Test method and criteria
Determination of name and UN number Exercise

PACKING, and Construction and testing of packaging

Requirements for the construction and testing of  packaging
Selection of packaging
Exercise

Shipping procedure (e.g., Marking and labelling, Placarding and marking of CTUs, Documentation)

Marking and labelling
Placarding and marking of CTUs
Documentation etc.
Exercise

Stowage and segregation

Stowage and segregation etc.
Exercise

Limited and excepted quantity provision etc.

Limited and excepted quantity provision etc.
Exercise

(Second day)
AM: Seminar on container packing survey and VGM system in Japan.
PM: Practical exercise course of container packing survey (in dangerous goods warehouse etc.), port terminal

(Third day)
Workshop
Share common problems and instructive case studies from each economy (e.g. difficulty of training, education regarding the regulation because of the wide variety of the shippers etc. ), information about accidents (e.g. cases of accidents based on nondeclared or missdeclared items, etc.) and good practices (e.g.  packing survey of dangerous goods in Japan etc. ) to identify best practices to solve each problem.

(After workshop/seminar)

Send out questionnaires to the participants as follow up. The participants are expected to report the effect in their economies and the outcomes will be reported in APEC TPTWG/MEG.

Risks

There are risks in securing participants from governments and experts. Japan will make contact with possible participants at the earliest moment possible. Early planning will be undertaken to address those risks. The invitation will also be issued well in advance to ensure adequate time for participants and speakers to plan for attendance at the seminar and workshop. The project will survey the participants’ concerns and needs before the workshops to make sure the workshops can provide the best information to the participants, so they are likely to disseminate the project outcome to other people. Japan will ensure that members are actively engaged and will work in close consultation with co-sponsoring economies of this activity.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Japan will collect the information whether each APEC economy holds similar workshop/seminar about transportation of dangerous goods & containers, and if necessary, statics of training courses held in APEC region. Japan will compile the report summarizing comments and feedback from participants. Japan will report the outcome of the project including the feedback survey at the MEG and this will be incorporated into the Final Summary Report. 

Indicators:

a) The number of persons participated in the workshop/seminar: more than 15 persons;

b) The percentage of female participants: more than 25% of the participants; and

c) The number of the mass media which reports the training of the transportation of dangerous goods.

Linkages

In the IMO sub-committee, the paper proposing the introduction of the function of a safety adviser for transport of dangerous goods in IMDG code was submitted, having noted the concerns expressed, with a view to discussing possible measures that could be further considered to address the problem of non/mis-declaration. Although it has not been adequately considered, there is a possibility that such discussions will be accelerated in the sector of international logistics including other transport-modes (e.g. air, road, and railway). APEC economies will be able to correspond to these discussions in the various meeting, such in UN and IMO, and ensure the harmonization of the relevant rules.

The project is in cooperation with the previous APSN workshop on the Safety of Dangerous Goods at Ports in 2016. Information about the project will be made available on relevant web-sites. The outcome of the project will be reported at international forums, especially the International Maritime organization.

Sustainability

The project aims at realizing safe and smooth seaborne transportation of dangerous goods and containers among APEC economies. Following the meetings of this project, participants are expected to have a deep understanding of the obedience of the regulations for international maritime transportation. It also provides the opportunity for the participants to share, discuss experiences of the accidents. In particular, the participants from the government might be able to consider, compare, analyze and recommend to the policy makers and/or administrative inspectors how to improve the regulations to guide and encourage funding to preferably invest in high quality maritime transportation.

The project may consider proposing a follow-up scheme based on the participants’ comments and feedback by surveying the effects in their economies such as holding similar seminars/workshops, making inspection systems, standardized training courses, etc. in their economies. 

 And Economies who participated the project are also expected to report these issues on APEC TPTWG/MEG.

Project Overseers

Mr. Kazunori Midorikawa (PO)
Director of Dangerous Goods Transport Office, inspection and Measurement Division Maritime Bureau

Mr. Shinichi Kigawa (PO Team)
Deputy Director of Dangerous Goods Transport Office, inspection and Measurement Division Maritime Bureau 

Mr. Hitoshi Nissaka (PO Team)
Deputy Director of Dangerous Goods Transport Office, inspection and Measurement Division Maritime Bureau 

Mr. Naoto HAHIMOTO (PO Team)
Chief of Dangerous Goods Transport Office, inspection and Measurement Division Maritime Bureau

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The external public institution certified by the government will take responsibility for the training course of the transportation of dangerous goods and containers. The cost will include direct labour of the experts dispatched by the institution, preparing teaching materials demonstrating how they check and monitor the packed containers, etc.

Waivers

We request waivers for participants to receive advanced payment for air transportation, lodging, and per diems so that they do not need to cover these expenses out of their own pockets before travelling. These travelers will include government participants from APEC economies, and potentially expert speakers from international organizations, the private sector, and academia, who should not be expected to cover their travel in advance of participating in an APEC activity. Booking and payment of travel expenses in advance, particularly airfare, may also help to lower overall travel costs.

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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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