Disasters disrupt national economies, severely weaken the poor and vulnerable and are recognized as major impediments to sustainable development and reduction of poverty, especially in least developed countries and small island developing states in the Asia-Pacific region. When disasters strike, they leave a legacy of lost or broken lives and economic damage. The impact is even worse for those living in remote and isolated areas with no access to basic information and communication facilities that are essential to providing vital alerting information. These are nothwithsatnding the disaster risk is due to a comnination of potential hazards such as natural hazards (hydro-meteorological, geological or biological), technological hazards as well as the environmental degradation.
Governments and international bodies have placed importance on the use of emergency telecommunications for disaster preparedness and risk mitigation in consideration of the above difficulties and they have taken serious and priority attention, particularly with the almost regular recurrence of natural disasters brought about by climate change.
Information infrastructures such as fiber optic connectivity networks and broadband services should be given special attention as critical infrastructure in Disaster Risk Management. The readiness and resiliency of these infrastructures have to be assessed, analyzed and given the appropriate policy/planning, response or recommendations from the ICT experts, practitioners and emergency responders. This project aims to:
a) Improve coordination and enhance intra-APEC cooperation, sharing and integration of best practices in the use of ICT for Disaster Risk Management, emergency and natural disaster preparedness and response efforts in APEC;
b) Build capacity in the region to mitigate, prepare for and respond appropriately to emergencies and natural disasters;
c) Understand e-resiliency in Disaster Risk Reduction/Mitigation; and
c) Share of policy and regulatory requirement in the use of ICT for DRRM implementation as well as ICT solutions considered.
This project proposes that each economy shares their best practices and experiences in using ICT for DRM as follows, among others:
1) ICT for Disaster Mitigation
ICTs are used in disaster mitigation to limit the adverse impact of sudden natural and technological hazards as well as environment degradation; reduces the possibility.
Mitigation can be in form of assessment of certain vulnerabilities, hazards as well as risks, development of strategies to reduce disaster risk, etc. ICTs facilitate mitigation through the collection and analysis of data up to the development and dissemination of risk information.
2) ICT for Disaster Preparedness
Use of ICT for the disaster preparedness of governments, organizations, and communities to preparedly respond against hazards/threats to minimize negative impacts to their lives and properties. Preparedness may include warning systems, emergency communications, among others.
3) ICT for Disaster Response and Relief Operations
Use of ICT in disaster response management requires several activities which are being carried out by different agencies/organizations (government and private). ICTs could be of big role during disaster response for decision making, information management, technical analysis, supply and logistics including administration support, etc.
4) ICT for Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction
Use of ICT during recovery activities and reconstruction effort soon or after an emergency situation has ended.
5) Policy and Regulatory Considerations
Policies and or regulatory framework considered for the smooth and successful implementation of DRM using ICTs
The key deliverable of this project is to organize a half-day workshop that brings together experts of policy makers & regulators, as well as the business community.
APEC economies will be invited to participate and contribute to this project by sharing best practices and relevant experiences and/or challenges, case studies, and efforts and so on in the use of ICTs for disaster risk management. Industry representatives will also be invited to share their perspectives.
A ½-day information sharing workshop will be conducted at APEC TEL 51.