Project Title

Guidelines toward High Biodiesel Blend Diesel (eg B20) Specification in the APEC Region 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

EWG 20 2016A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

EWG 20 2016A 

Project Title

Guidelines toward High Biodiesel Blend Diesel (eg B20) Specification in the APEC Region 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

75,000 

Co-funding Amount

10,000 

Total Project Value

85,000 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Thailand 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

China; New Zealand; Chinese Taipei; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/03/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Dr Twarath Sutabutr 

Job Title 1

Director General 

Organization 1

Energy Policy and Planning Office 

Postal Address 1

121/1-2 Phetchaburi Road, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand 

Telephone 1

Not Applicable 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

twarath@gmail.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Dr Twarath Sutabutr 

Project Summary

With rising concern on global warming mitigation with various low carbon technologies, sustainable biofuel has been implemented worldwide. In particular, various blends of biodiesel have been introduced and commercially used in the APEC region. Although each economy has its own authority to issue legally complying biodiesel standard, common guidelines toward biodiesel specification would help harmonizing specific properties despite biodiesel feedstock. Since previous APEC EWG 02/2007A investigated on biodiesel standard for low blend (up to 5%), recent trends and initiatives toward high blend of biodiesel (e.g. B20) would need a revisit to discuss upon various issues and concerns on specifications of neat biodiesel and/or biodiesel blend. Two rounds of workshops over a year attended by biodiesel experts from various APEC member economies are set with specific points of discussions to be sent a priori. Those economies with commercial use of biodiesel can share their experiences and scientific evidences as basis for discussion of draft guidelines.

Relevance

Many of APEC member economies have used biodiesel from various feedstock as a blending component at various percentages in diesel fuel and various levels of utilization. For example, commercial diesel sold at retailed stations in Thailand has been mixed with palm biodiesel up to 7 vol% with Thai energy plan to increase blending wall to 10 vol% in the near future. On the other hand, Malaysia has recently announced to introduce B10 in the market;whereas, Indonesia has already implemented B20 plan since 2016 after the subsidy scheme was in place. US has also currently used B20 in some area. However, recently available biodiesel standards only specifies pure biodiesel (B100) such as EN 14214 and ASTM D6751 while biodiesel-blended diesel follows standards for fossil diesel except for ASTM D7467, which was issued for diesel with 6-20% (B6-B20) in the US. Consequently, there are very limited support and no warranty acceptance from the Engine manufacturers, Fuel Injection Equipment (FIE) or Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)for the use biodiesel blended in diesel more than 7 vol%. A neat biodiesel specification for the high blend and/or a separate specification for the high blend itself (e.g. B20) are required to promote renewable biodiesel fuel worldwide. Therefore, the guidelines toward those standard is the important step to achieve approved standard among APEC member economies.

As a follow up from APEC EWG 02/2007A that investigate biodiesel standard for low blend (up to 5%), guidelines toward high biodiesel blend diesel (e.g. B20) specification will benefit all the APEC member economies as well as various organizations such as government, private, public, user and academic sectors.  Common guideline for high biodiesel blend would help facilitate trading among APEC member economies with different feedstock and also growing up the biodiesel industry and economy.

This project can be classified as Rank 1 and 2 since the project is dealing with common specification/standard (Rank 1) of high-blend biodiesel, which is alternative energy source (Rank 2).

Objectives

This project has 3 key objectives as follows:

1) To develop recommendation for guideline for high biodiesel blend specification.

2) To create a network of biodiesel experts in APEC region for future development of regulatory framework.

3) To ensure workshop participants gain knowledge in recent development of high biodiesel blend being introduced and used in APEC region.

Alignment

From APEC Secretariat’s Strategic Plans for 2014-2016, APEC mission indicated to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region. As APEC region is a net energy importer with consumption around 60% of world energy demand, increase in energy demand for economic growth can be sustainably satisfied by recourse to indigenous renewable energy, such as biodiesel for transportation sector.In particular, this project proposal also aligns well with EWG under APEC-wide priorities as it directly supports the utilization of new and renewable technologies (biodiesel) among the APEC economies. This project also supports the EWG’s commitments to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) under its Type II Partnership Initiative “Fostering Regional Energy Cooperation in APEC: Energy for Sustainable Development”, as well as APEC Energy Ministers’ goal of doubling the share of renewable in APEC energy mix by 2030.

This project well aligns with EWG forum’s initiatives on the topic of Energy Security and Sustainable Development since biodiesel can help increase energy security due to its indigenous nature, as well as help achieve sustainable transportation from greenhouse gas emission reduction in transport sector.

TILF/ASF Justification

The project aims to involve several stakeholders related to biodiesel in APEC economies, ranging from biodiesel production industry, standardization body and automotive industry, who will use biodiesel-blended diesel fuel. Discussion during seminars/workshops on technical aspects of biodiesel specification and its effect on engine usage up to B20 will be conducted with an attempt to reach some common understandings/guidelines with perhaps harmonization of previously existing standards to promote common trade of biodiesel fuel among APEC economies. During such discussion, APEC developing economies will benefit from capacity building on technical knowledge shared from APEC developed economies with constraints and concerns specified by APEC developing economies. Level of engagement by APEC developing economies could range from working group member, supporting member and participates to arranged seminars/workshops.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: Two workshops with biodiesel identified biodiesel experts and researchers from APEC economies will be held to share the experience and problems encounteredfrom the APEC member economies, who have used biodiesel in both high and low blends derived from different feedstocks. Discussion will focus on vehicle requirements from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), including engine and Fuel Injection Equipment (FIE) manufacturers, as well as, biodiesel producers’constraints to meet the standard. The test methods to evaluate each specification items will be clarified to reach consensus among APEC member economies.In addition, consumer needs, market impacts and the implementation by governments/policy makers will be considered for the development of recommendations and guidelines for high biodiesel blend diesel (neat biodiesel and/or biodiesel blend) specification, which is targeted for feedstock neutrality. The participants could beAPEC EWG members, APEC member government representatives, academic researchers, biodiesel producers and automotive manufacturers.

The findings and guideline for high biodiesel blend diesel will be published in a report to be circulated among the participants of APEC member economies with an open access available online to share with the public. Everyone who work with the biodiesel can easily get the information withlessons learnedto use for their work.    

Outcomes: Expected change would be the initiative to establish feedstock-neutral standard(s) for high biodiesel-blended diesel up to 20% (neat biodiesel and/or biodiesel-blended diesel), which is agreed from all concerned sectors including automotive markers, biodiesel producers, regulators, implementers, consumers and users. APEC member economies will have the confidence to import/export biodiesel derived from different feedstock under the same guideline. This will lead to the less problems and complaints from the users/consumers with perhapswarranty acceptance from OEMs. As the results, the high biodiesel blend can be made commercially available as the commercial fuels for growing biodiesel economy. 

Beneficiaries: Formed as a team, both men and women from various research institutes/universities in the APEC member economieswill be considered asdirect project participants in this project. The participants could be the researchers, academic lecturers/professors, government representatives/officers,policy makers and private sectorrepresentatives (automotive manufacturers, biodiesel producers and oil companies), who have adequate knowledge and experience in biodiesel value chain (e.g. production, utilization and/or standardization).The background education levelcan be exempted if they have long-term experience in biodiesel field.The direct project participants will have the responsibilities tosearch, investigate and collect the data from the economies, wherebiodiesel havebeen used around the world. The project team will take an active role to organizetwo rounds of workshops, analyzed the data, report and disseminate the results.Targeted government ministries from APEC economies are Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Industry and Ministry of Transportation; whereas, targeted academic and/or research institutes are, but not limited to,Shanghai Jiao Tong University (PRC), Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (INA), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (JPN), Korea Institute of Energy Research (ROK), Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MAS), Industrial Technology Research Institute of Taiwan (CT), National Metal and Materials Technology Center (THA), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (US), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (VN).

APEC member economies would directly benefit from the guidelines of high biodiesel blend diesel specification when biodiesel is used within the economies or traded among economies. Biodiesel producer will use the guideline to modify their production process in order to meet the specification. Government can use the guideline standard to compromise with the OEMs for the warranty acceptance and policy maker will make a plan for quality control and monitoring. According to the guideline, Oil Company and retail station will make ready their storage and handling while OEMs will modify their diesel engine to ensure the durability and performance with the high biodiesel blends, which can largely impact on the automotive market.

Dissemination

The project results, such as the report finding with guidelines for high biodiesel blend standard, will be mainly disseminated in digital form by sharing on APEC/PO/consultant websites, as well as social media like Facebook, with only highlights printed on the leaflets for easy circulation in energy-related meeting such as EGNRET, SOME (Senior Officials Meeting on Energy), andAMEM (ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting). The contents of the guidelines for high biodiesel blend standard book will contain the experience and problems immerged when using high biodiesel blends both from captive fleets and commercial private cars around the world. Engine requirements and biodiesel production process needs will be presented. As the key outputs, the most common concernson biodiesel specifications and the test methodology should be included.One hundred copies of the leaflets will be distributed to the public.

The targetedaudiences includethe relevant government department, research organizations, academic institutes, manufacturers, company and private sectors. Theproject outputs are not meant for sale but to disseminate information for all parties, and the knowledge documents will be freely available to everyone.

Gender

The direct project participants will definitely include both men and women as the team. The workshops/seminars welcome all and not limited to any gender with special encouragement on women participation. From the past to present, women have their important roles in many economies, especially in the processing side. Therefore, both men and women are invited to participate in this project without doubt. The project objectives will benefit the whole economies.If women participation seems to be below 50%, more outreach will be focused onresearch institutes/universities on chemistry research field or even L'Oreal-UNESCOFor Women in Science network.

Work Plan

This project’s work plan can be divided into 4 parts. First, consultant would analyze on past and on-going efforts to use high blend of biodiesel around the world. Face-to-face meetings with related stakeholder in selected economies may be needed in order to identify most common concerns on certain biodiesel specifications, which would be sent to various biodiesel experts in APEC member economies. Second, 1st1-day workshop will be held in selected economy like Chinese Taipei to discuss those points to shape up draft common guideline, which may need additional technical evidences, for consultant to search and investigate in the third phase of the work plan. During the third phase, additional face-to-face meetings may be necessary to discuss issues risen from 1st workshop. Forth, 2nd (final) 1-day workshop will be held in Thailand to finalize remaining issues on high blend biodiesel specification. Additional public seminar held in Thailand can help disseminate project output. The details is shown in Table below. 

Timelines

Key Activities

Deliverable outputs

Beneficiaries

Month 1

Setting-up

-  Project team

-  Project plan

The experts from various institutions selected from APEC member economies will join the project team.

Month 2-4

(Part I)

Primary analysis

-  The information on the use high blend of biodiesel around the world.

-  The list of most common concerns on biodiesel specifications.

-  Fact findings from face-to-face meeting

-  Agenda for the 1st workshop

-  The project team will review related previous works, especially previous APEC project EWG 02/2007A,search, investigate and collect relevant data from the economies where biodiesel hasbeen used or around the world.

-  APEC member economies and economies around the world may exchange their information (experience and problems) about the use of high biodiesel blends.

Month 4

(Part II)

1st discussions

-  1stworkshop

-  Participant list

-    Recommendations and remaining issues

-  The draft common guideline for high biodiesel blend specification.

-  The experts from various institutions selected from APEC member economies will discuss and give the additional technical evidences to shape up the draft of guideline.

-  Workshop participants, ranging from policy makers to researchers, can benefit from discussion among experts on certain points of concern for high blend biodiesel.

Month 5-8

(Part III)

Investigation and data analysis

-  The report with preliminary conclusion from the 1st workshop

-  The information related to the remaining issues on high biodiesel blend

-  Fact findings from additional face-to-face meeting

-  Agenda for the 2nd (final) workshop

- The project team will search, investigate and collect the data of remaining issues on high blend biodiesel specification.

Month 9

(Part IV)

Final discussions

-  2nd (final) workshop

-  Participant list

-  Recommendations

-  The guideline for high biodiesel blend specification.

-  The experts from various institutions selected from APEC member economies will discuss and give the more additional technical evidences to finalize the guideline.

-  Workshop participants, ranging from policy makers to researchers, can benefit from discussion among experts on certain points of concern for high blend biodiesel.

Month 10

Disseminating & Closing

-  Public seminar

-  Final report

-  The project team disseminate the results to the public.

-  Researchers, academic lecturers/professors, government representative/officers, policy makers, private sectors (automotive manufacturers, biodiesel producers and oil companies), consumers and users will participate the seminar to exchange and give their comments and questions.

Risks

There are some risks, which could impact project implementation. The first risk may be the conflict between the OEMs and the government organizations, who would like to increase the percentage of biodiesel blend. The second risk may be the insufficiency/ inefficiency of implementation due to feedstock /advanced technology deficiency. Therefore, harmonization of approaches and requirements amongstakeholder, government, developed and developing economies will be desired to minimize identified risks. In addition, since budget overshoot may be one of the risks, project leader should closely monitor finances.

Monitoring and Evaluation

This project’s progress, outcome and impact can be measured by how the recommendation for high biodiesel blend specification can be used to support high biodiesel blend initiative or market introduction. The details of project progress and indicators are listed in below Table. 

Activities

Information to be collected

Method to collect

Indicators

-  Setting-up of project team

-  Number of members

-  List of member

-  Time for setting-up

-  Records reviewed

-  1 Head; 1 Deputy Head; 1 Expert from each participating APEC economy

-  Women membership = at least 2

-  Primary analysis

-  List of economies using high biodiesel blends

-  List of problems/issues related to the use of biodiesel blend

-  List of most common concerns on biodiesel specifications.

-  Records reviewed

-  Meetings

-  Surveys

-  Peer reviews

-  Face-to-face meeting = 1

-  Number of visiting economy = 1

-  Project information document =1

-  1stdiscussions

-  Number of participants

-  Participant feedback

-  Records reviewed

-  Questionnaires

-  1st workshop = 1

-  Number of participants = 30

-  Record of discussion =1

-  Investigation and data analysis

-  The list of most common concerns on biodiesel specifications.

-  Records reviewed

-  Meetings

-  Surveys

-  Peer reviews

-  Face-to-face meeting = 1

-  Project information document =1

-  Final discussions

-  Number of participants

-  Participant feedback

-  Records reviewed

-  Questionnaires

-  2nd workshop = 1

-  Number of participants = 30

-  Record of discussion =1

-  Disseminating & Closing

-    Final Report

-    Number of participant

-    Public feedback

-  Records reviewed

-  Questionnaires

-  Public seminar = 1

-  Final report = 1

-  Number of leaflets sent = 100

Linkages

The project team will review related works from both other APEC and non-APEC stakeholders, such as but not limited to ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), EN (European Union), Tripartite (Brazil-EU-US), WWFC (Worldwide Fuel Charter), AAF (ASEAN Automotive Federation) and ERIA (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia), in order to update and build upon previous APEC project EWG 02/2007A, where current technological advancement will be used as basis for discussion toward high biodiesel blend specification.

Sustainability

Beneficiaries will be supported to carry forward the results and lessons learned from the project by sharing the information, setting the standard based on common guideline and promoting the use high biodiesel blend in their economies (e.g. Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand). After project completion, possible next steps to build upon its outputs and outcomes are to further utilizeguidelinespublication fordiscussion with the government organizations, who concern with the promotion of biodiesel use in the transportation sector in order to implement the biodiesel specification for the high blend and compromise with the OEMs for the warranty acceptance. These will be done regularly through channels of SOME (Senior Officials Meeting on Energy), and AMEM (ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting),due to top three supply of palm oil in the world are Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, to ensure that future actions will take place and will be tracked. Finally,the progress on the outcomes and impacts (Question 6) will be measured by the growth of biodiesel markets in particularly three economies (Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand) according to each economy biodiesel plan during SOME and AMEM.

Project Overseers

Dr. Twarath Sutabutr
Director General
Energy Policy and Planning Office

Main Point of Contact: 
Mrs. Munlika Sompranon
Chief of International Cooperation Section 
Planning Division, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency
Ministry of Energy, Thailand

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

General duties:
1. Administrative work
2. Assisting the project leader and project team in disbursing their tasks
3. Arrange all and engage relevant communications with various parties
4. Manage the project timetabling

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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