Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), Phase 6 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

EWG 10 2016A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
View Budget TableView Budget Table
|
PrintPrint

Project No.

EWG 10 2016A 

Project Title

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), Phase 6 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: Energy Efficiency 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,899 

Co-funding Amount

189,451 

Total Project Value

290,350 

Sponsoring Forum

Energy Working Group (EWG) 

Topics

Energy 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Japan 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Mexico; Thailand 

Expected Start Date

01/10/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Masaomi Koyama (new PO wef 11 July 2017) 

Job Title 1

Director, Overseas Energy Infrastructure Office, International Affairs Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy 

Organization 1

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 

Postal Address 1

1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo, 100-8901, Japan 

Telephone 1

81-3 35010598 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

koyama-masaomi@meti.go.jp 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Masaomi Koyama 

Project Summary

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 6 has three parts. 

The first part is the Peer Review, which carries out an in depth review of energy efficiency (EE) in the host economy and generates recommendations to improve the overall implementation of their energy efficiency policies. 

The second part is the update of the “Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies” a compilation of EE policies in APEC to be used as research resource for APEC EE practitioners. 

The third part is Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop, which succeeds Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS) project as a capacity building opportunity and a forum to further discuss key issues in the previous PREEs. The Workshop is held in conjunction with one of the two biannual meetings of EGEE&C.

Relevance

APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE) Phase 6 responds directly to the declaration at the 9th APEC Energy Ministers Meeting (EMM9) declaration in Fukui, Japan, in which the Ministers instructed the Energy Working Group (EWG) and APERC to keep promoting energy efficiency through the PREE and the Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS); and to consider follow-up efforts, including capacity building activities, policy research support and processes to gauge the success of member economies’ efforts to implement the recommendations of these programs. 

Under the PREE Phase 1-5, ten peer reviews have been conducted in New Zealand, Chile, Viet Nam, Thailand, Chinese Taipei, Peru, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei Darussalam. PREE reports have provided these economies with many valuable recommendations for promoting energy efficiency improvement through the establishment of goals and action plans. 

At the same time, it was found that a lack of expertise hampers the implementation of some particular recommendations, especially in developing economies. In this regard, Follow-up PREE is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the recommendations of review teams. Follow-up PREE has been conducted in Viet Nam, the Philippines and Thailand. 

The continuation of the PREE and the Follow-up PREE will contribute to strengthening the APEC economies’ efforts in promoting energy efficiency improvement, as envisaged by the APEC Energy Ministers, and to achieving the aspirational goal to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45 percent by 2035 agreed by the APEC Leaders in 2011. 

This project is directly linked to “Energy efficiency, energy security and energy resiliency including the development of low carbon technology and alternative energy sources” (Rank 2), which is because the PREE Phase 6 aims to support continuous energy efficiency improvement and capacity building of implementing recommendations made by the review teams.

Objectives

The key objectives of the PREE are to:

a) share information on energy efficiency performance, as well as policies and measures for energy efficiency improvement;

b) explore how energy efficiency goals could be effectively formulated in each APEC economy under review, taking into account the diversity of the strategies and circumstances of individual economies; and

c) monitor progress toward attaining energy efficiency goals and the implementation of action plans.

Alignment

Regarding APEC’s key priorities, APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy, adopted at the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in Yokohama in 2010, calls for APEC to achieve five growths attributes, namely, balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth. Two of them, sustainable growth and innovative growth, directly apply to activities under the Energy Working Group (EWG). With regard to sustainable growth, the Leaders agreed that APEC needs to encourage new green industries and jobs and to help establish a low-carbon society in which APEC economies maintain economic growth as well as protect the environment. In terms of innovative growth, they agreed that APEC needs to adopt policies contributing to fostering environment for innovative growth that will be increasingly crucial for future prosperity; they specifically emphasised the need for innovation in new products and services that can enhance progress on critical global issues, including the environment and energy. The PREE Phase 6 will thus serve as one of the key building blocks of the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy. 

The APEC EMM11 declaration in Beijing instructed the EWG and Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEE&C) to continue their cooperation with related organisations on energy efficiency standards and help member economies to enhance capacity building, make energy efficiency policies more scientific and practical, and speed up the development, promotion and application of energy efficiency technologies and products. EWG Strategic Plan for 2014-2018 also mentions that the EWG and APERC with the EGEE&C will continue to conduct the APEC PREE including follow-up reviews, and hold Energy Efficiency Policy (EEP) Workshops.

TILF/ASF Justification

PREEs assist the capacity building in the developing economy selected. The relevant government agency of the developing economy will be engaged by closely collaborating with APERC in implementing the best practice recommendations made by the APEC expert review team. 

Other APEC developing economies will benefit from learning best practices, which might be applicable in their own economies through dispatching their experts to the PREE. In addition, the recommendations are specific to the intended PREE host economies, however, the report will also support capacity building for government and municipality officials in other APEC developing economies since they can refer to these reports and apply them, if appropriate, to their own economies.

For this purpose, we will disseminate this information in our APERC workshop which is held regularly in conjunction with EWG meetings as was previously done in Phase 1-5.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The Phase 6 is planned for Mexico. The key outputs for PREE Phase 6 will be: 

a) PREE report detailing the findings, achievements and recommendations for energy efficiency goals and action plans based on the strategies and circumstances of the host economy. The report will cover a variety of issues such as institutional framework, goals and strategy, data collection and monitoring, policy measures, education, etc. The report will be published on the APEC and APERC websites after the endorsement of EWG; 

b) The updated Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies; and 

c) EEP Workshop in conjunction with an EGEE&C meeting. The workshop summary report will also be published. 

The outputs of previous phases were: 

Phase 1: Four PREEs: New Zealand in April 2009, Chile in April 2009, Viet Nam in December 2009 and Thailand in March 2010. The number of recommendations was 22, 21, 40 and 34 respectively.

Phase 2: Three PREEs: Chinese Taipei in August, Peru in November and Malaysia in November 2010. The number of recommendations was 35, 53 and 41 respectively.

Phase 3:
·  Two PREEs: Indonesia in October 2011 and the Philippines in February 2012. The number of recommendations was 49 and 54 respectively.

·  The first Follow-up PREE was conducted for Viet Nam in February 2012. It assisted Viet Nam by establishing the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans as well as transfer of know-how on these methods. It was held as a workshop.

Phase 4:
·  One PREE: Brunei Darussalam in June 2013 with 47 recommendations in the final report. The EWG 46 meeting endorsed the final report in November 2013 in Da Nang, Viet Nam.

· APERC published Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in October 2013.

Phase 5:
.  One Follow-up PREE: Thailand in August 2015 with 48 recommendations in the final report. The final report was endorsed and published on our website in February 2016.

·  APERC published Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies on our website in May 2016.

·  APERC published EEP Workshop Summary Report: Policy and Program Evaluation in August 2016.      

Outcomes: The recommendations of PREE aim to help host economies to promote energy efficiency policies and formulate them more effectively. Some former PREE host economies have already indicated that they will include recommendations in their future policies and are now working to address them. In addition, APERC follows up with former PREE host economies to understand the extent to which review team’s recommendations are being implemented. The findings, achievements and recommendations are presented at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with each EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the previous PREE and Follow-up PREE. They are also presented at the EGEE&C meetings. 

The initial PREE found that a lack of expertise hampered implementation of some particular recommendations in some economies, thus Follow-up PREE was developed to help economies that have already hosted PREE. The first Follow-up PREE was conducted in Phase 3 in Viet Nam in February 2012. It was a five-day workshop on “Evaluating and Monitoring the Implementation of Viet Nam’s National Energy Efficiency Programs”. The invited experts made presentations on “Energy Efficiency Indicators” as well as “Decomposition Analysis”. The participants were also given practice and training for the use of software tool to utilise the analytical methods to evaluate and monitor the implementation of their existing energy efficiency action plans.

The PREE project also serves to provide host economies with experience in the review and recommendations process for local experts. As such, former PREE host economies can be sources for experts that could be invited to subsequent PREE iterations. APEC could play an essential role in strengthening the capacity building in the area of energy efficiency policy recommendation process by conducting PREE as well as Follow-up PREE.

The introduction of the Follow-up PREE made it possible to assess how the recommendations of the original PREE were being implemented. The latest Follow-up PREE in Phase 5 was conducted in Thailand with a focus on transportation sector.

Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries are:

a) The policy makers and government officials of the PREE host economies who are responsible for energy efficiency policy. They will gain valuable recommendations on how to improve their energy efficiency policies, including goals and strategies, institutional frameworks, financial incentives and R&D. Other government officials will also be beneficiaries indirectly through sharing such information and lessons learned.

b) APEC economies can also benefit from PREE through APERC’s results dissemination efforts such as the summary report and workshop presentations. The widespread understanding of energy efficiency measures recommended in PREE in the APEC region can help to achieve the energy efficiency goals of APEC as a whole.

c) In the long term, businesses and consumers benefit indirectly, from lower energy costs, improved energy efficiency policy and programmes, and reduced carbon and noxious emissions.

d) Visiting and hosting experts will also benefit by learning from the PREE process which in turn will help their economy in the long run. 

The PO will follow the guidelines on managing cooperation with non-members and seek Secretariat support during implementation of the project when necessary.

Dissemination

The results of the PREE phase 6, hosted in Mexico, will be disseminated in several forms to maximise reach and to ensure ease of access: 

a) A detailed report will be produced and published on several platforms. The key platforms are the APEC and APERC websites, but host economies are encouraged to publish the reports on local websites too;

b) The report will also be shared with relevant APEC bodies and experts identified during the execution of the project;

c) The Compendium will also be published on the APERC website and made public with the relevant APEC fora;

d) The EEP Workshop is on itself a knowledge dissemination mechanism and APERC will enhance this by producing and publishing a summary report. This report will be published on the APEC and APERC websites; and  

e) Finally, the results of all three PREE components will be shared with relevant groups including EWG, EGEDA, and EGEE&C as well as APERC’s Annual Conference. 

The target audience of PREE comprises largely APEC member government officials responsible for energy efficiency policies, but extends to all practitioners of energy efficiency in APEC economies. 

There are no plans to sell any outputs related to this project.

Gender

Women’s participation is welcomed in all aspects of this project. A significant proportion of women have been involved in the design and implementation of PREE Phases 1-5 including review experts, participants of host economies and APERC researchers. In the PREE Phase 5, around 30% of participants were female. In PREE Phase 6, APERC will continue to seek the involvement of women since women are a major stakeholder group who can provide valuable input on designing policies and plans for sustainable development. 

In order to improve the effectiveness and impact of the project, PREE in Mexico will also seek possibility of developing energy efficiency policies through understanding gender specific roles and responsibilities as some energy related activities in some cultures can be typically done by women.

Work Plan

For Phase 6, PREE will be conducted in Mexico City tentatively scheduled in February 2017. 

The peer review team will be recruited by APERC in consultation with the host economy to include experts from other APEC economies, EGEE&C and international organisations. Prior to the review team’s visit to the host economy, the host economy will prepare a background briefing for the review team outlining the status of the energy sector in the host economy, as well as the economy’s energy efficiency policies and programs. The stakeholders may be policy makers and government officials responsible for energy policies, representatives of the private sector, industry associations, academia, or non-profit organisations. 

The peer review team will then visit the host economy and stakeholders selected by the host economy. Over the first 3.5 days of PREE, the experts will hear from government officials and relevant stakeholders and then go on site visits. The remaining 1.5 days will be spent preparing and working on findings, achievements and recommendations, and providing a presentation of preliminary findings, achievements and recommendations to government officials and relevant stakeholders. After their visit, the peer review team will prepare a preliminary draft review report. The draft review report will then be reviewed by the host economy, with possible modifications in response to the host economy’s comments. The draft review report will then be presented to EWG members for their consideration and approval at the following EWG meeting.

APERC will update the “Compendium of Energy Efficiency Policies of APEC Economies” by collecting updated information on energy efficiency policies. Economy support will be requested to peer review each economy chapter to ensure the accuracy of the information. The process will begin in April 2017 and aim to be concluded and published before October 2017. 

The EEP Workshop will be help alongside the EGEE&C 49 meeting in the first half of 2017. The topics of the EEP Workshop will be selected in consultation with EGEE&C delegates during September and October of 2016. The EEP Workshop will be held as a one day event led by APERC with the support of an expert consultant to ensure a high quality end product. APEC and international experts in the selected topic will be invited to present in the Workshop.

Risks

In designing the PREE project, APERC has consulted with APEC member government officials who are responsible for energy efficiency policies on the present status of their strategic goals and action plans. APERC has also consulted with experts from the APEC EGEE&C, as well as international organisations such as International Energy Agency on the challenges and barriers to effective policy implementation.  APERC plans to continue to consult with these experts as the project moves forward in order to manage the risks which may be involved in implementing the project. 

The key risks to the success of the project are:

a) Lack of access to economy-specific energy data and information on policies by the peer review team. The preparation of the background briefing for the review team regarding the status of the energy sector, as well as energy efficiency policies and programs, is essential in order to conduct peer reviews on a limited time schedule. APERC will minimise this risk by closely coordinating with the host economy and asking them to provide relevant data and information well in advance;

b) Lack of diverse perspectives when conducting the PREE. A variety of perspectives, including not only government, but also the industry and financial sectors as well as NGOs, is essential to comprehensively examine energy efficiency policy issues and to make useful recommendations to tackle deficiencies. APERC will minimise this risk by working closely with the host economy to arrange opportunities for as many as possible of the relevant stakeholders to meet with the review team;

c) Lack of energy efficiency policy experts participating in the peer review team. There are a limited number of energy efficiency policy experts from APEC economies who are available to voluntarily participate in the peer review team. To solve this problem, a register of energy efficiency experts has been developed.  APERC will keep updating the register. APERC will also work closely with the chair of EGEE&C to ensure that energy efficiency experts join the peer review team; and

d) Changing policy priorities in Mexico may generate risks for the implementation of PREE.

Monitoring and Evaluation

To measure progress, possible indicators are: 

1) The number of stakeholders visited by the review team as they interview various stakeholders including representatives from government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant groups. In the PREE Phase 5, three site visits were carried out and 24 organisations engaged in the review;

2) The number of recommendations made by the review team and the recommendations to be addressed by the host economy. In the Follow-up PREE for Thailand in Phase 5, 48 recommendations were made;

3) The number of energy efficiency policy experts of the review team as PREE host economies will also be sources for review experts to be invited to the subsequent PREE and Follow-up PREE. In PREE Phase 4 and 5, up to half of 6 experts were from previous PREE experienced economies;

4) The number of APERC website hits, to see if the project is successful in attracting interest. The number of access to the website of PREE and Compendium in the past one year (from 10 August 2015 until 9 August 2016) were 2,846 and 2,638 respectively;

5) Indication that the host economies are implementing some of the PREE recommendations;

6) The number of stakeholders participated in the EEP Workshop; and

7) The percentage of female engaged in the project  including PREE in Mexico and EEP Workshop. 

To evaluate the success of the project, the indicators will be the completion of the PREE review report by the team members and the endorsement of the report by EWG members. 

The PREE host economies will be invited to give a presentation on the progress of implementing the recommendations at the APERC annual conference and other APEC cooperative meetings when possible. 

We will also collect participants’ feedback through a follow-up survey on the value they perceived from the project.

Linkages

APERC continuously engages with APEC’s relevant fora, such as EGEE&C at different stages of the process to ensure that the interests of the groups are represented in the work, and that APERC makes use of their resources and minimise duplication. Also, APERC will report findings and present the final report for endorsement by the groups. 

APERC will also consult with international organisations such as International Energy Agency (IEA), Asian Development Bank (ADB), and World Bank (WB) where necessary and take full advantage of the interaction with energy experts at EWG meetings and the APERC annual conferences. 

PREE Phase 6 builds upon the prior success achieved in reviewing ten APEC economies conducted under PREE Phases 1 through 5. Although IEA has a program of peer reviews of energy policies for IEA member economies, there is no other peer review program focused on energy efficiency, and certainly none in which non-IEA member economies could participate. 

APEC is the only forum where leaders, industry experts, ministers and working level government officials in the Asia-Pacific region share knowledge and coordinate activities related to sustainable development and energy security. As such, it is the most appropriate forum to be studying the many issues involved in improving energy efficiency, and is the most appropriate forum to be promoting implementation of the recommendations made by the peer review team.

Sustainability

Once completed, the PREE Reports will continue to be available APERC’s website www.ieej.or.jp/aperc/, allowing easy reference to the results and lessons learned. The PREE for Mexico included in this proposal will be the 11th PREE. 

The improvement of energy efficiency offers many cost-effective opportunities to achieve energy security, as well as improve business productivity and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore energy efficiency will continue to be reported and discussed under the agenda item “Energy Efficiency” at EWG meetings. On those occasions, the results and lessons from the project will be a basis for discussions on advancing energy efficiency policies in the APEC region after the APEC funding is finished. 

PREE has been successful by the high number of recommendations identified for each economy, and the measures taken towards attaining energy efficiency goals. These recommendations provide a benchmark for energy efficient policy making in APEC economies, particularly the host economy. PREE has enhanced inter-economy collaborations which have improved best practice measures in the region. 

The success of PREE can be tracked through the energy efficiency policy developments detailed in the annual Compendium. The Compendium is compilation of all active energy efficiency policies in APEC economies to support information sharing in energy efficiency and support policy research. Another possible indicator is the overall reduction of final energy intensity in the APEC region, which between 2005 and 2013 has decreased by 11% (APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook 6th Edition). Although this is commendable, there are still many areas for further efficiency improvements. 

There are still some challenges in implementing the recommendations in host economies, the following are deemed to be particularly significant. 

a) Inadequate process for monitoring and evaluating energy efficiency programs, making it difficult to know how effective energy efficiency programs are, and how they can be improved.

b) Lack of infrastructure and human resources for technical tasks, such as standards setting and testing of products.

c) Lack of sufficient political will and support for more ambitious energy improvement measures.

The Follow-Up PREE is designed to address these challenges through improving monitoring process, enhancing capacity building and ultimately encouraging energy efficiency policy implementation. Mexico can be a candidate for Follow-Up PREE a few years after the implementation of PREE in Phase 6. 

The PO will manage the effective implementation of the project. The draft review report to reflect the findings prepared by the review team will be presented at the EGEE&C meetings when it is ready. The achievements and recommendations will be reported in detail at the APERC workshops held in conjunction with subsequent EWG meeting to disseminate knowledge and experience of the PREE. The implementation status of the project will also be presented at the plenary session of EWG meetings.

Project Overseers

The main points of contact responsible for this project are:

Mr. Hiroki Yoshida of METI, in charge of general supervision; and
Ms. Yuko Tanaka of APERC, in charge of project coordination and monitoring

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

In order to manage the Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop effectively, a consultant with significant experience in capacity building for energy efficiency policy analysis will be engaged to assist APERC, with the amount of US$20,000. Before the Workshop, the consultant will prepare the background documents, and after the workshop, he/she will prepare a draft report outlining the agreed-to next steps. Total working hours estimated are 100 hours.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 4.0 
Created at 29/12/2016 13:12  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 11/07/2017 11:44  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
Content Type: Standard Proposal
Version:
Created at by
Last modified at by
Go Search