Project Title

Organize International Workshop on Sharing Experience on Adaptation to Aging Population  

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

HWG 04 2016A 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

HWG 04 2016A 

Project Title

Organize International Workshop on Sharing Experience on Adaptation to Aging Population  

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

APEC Support Fund 

Sub-fund

ASF: General Fund 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

120,918 

Co-funding Amount

65,800 

Total Project Value

186,718 

Sponsoring Forum

Health Working Group (HWG) 

Topics

Health 

Committee

SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Canada; Chile; China; Japan; Korea; Mexico; Philippines; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/08/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Nguyen Van Tan 

Job Title 1

Deputy Director General-in-Charge 

Organization 1

The General Office for Population and Family Planning, Ministry of Health 

Postal Address 1

No. 8 Ton That Thuyet, Nam Tu Liem, Hanoi city, Viet Nam 

Telephone 1

84-4 37953888 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

ngvha22@gmail.com; lgdangvn@yahoo.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Ngueyn Van Tan 

Project Summary

By United Nation, the 21stcentury is the aging population century. Accounting for over 67% of the total of more than 900 million old person are living in the developing economies[1]. Even the least developed economies are also facing with this problem, according to the World Bank[2]. The members of APEC economies had and have also been facing with the problem of aging population. Aging population will impact strongly on economic growth, human resources, employment, social security, health and sustainable development.

Aging is one of the priorities on APEC’s Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth[3]. Organize international workshop to share experiences in adapting to aging population among APEC economies is an essential content in order to share experiences about this issue among experienced members as Japan, Russia, Korea, Canada, USA, Australia ... with other economy that newly face with this issue, help economies establish policy adapting to aging and growth, as a cooperation, development and prosperity of APEC.

The International Workshop has been approved in-principle by APEC’s Budget and Management Committee (BMC) and it could be held at SOM3 of HWG in August, 2017 at Ho Chi Minh city of Viet Nam.


[1] United Nation, Population Ageing and Development 2015

[2] World Bank, Live long and Prosper Ageing in East Asia and Pacific , 2015

[3] APEC, Funding Criteria for All APEC-Funded Project in 2016/Rank 2/Inclusive Growth

Relevance

Currently in the world today, there are two persons entering the age of 60 in one second. It means that there are nearly 58 million people at the age of 60+ each year.  On average there are one in nine people who will be 60+ years old, and this ratio will be 5: 1 by 2050. If in the world, in 1950 there were 205 million people at 60+, 901 million in 2015, accounting for 12.3% population in the world, that will be more than 2 billion people, accounting for 22% by 2050[1]. As a report by UN[2], APEC has 21 member economies, accounting for 40.5% of the world population, there were 16 members have been faced with the issue of aging population, the remaining 5 members (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines) will enter the phase of population aging in the early time. Many economic members have the great quantity and percentage of the elderly as China, Russia, US, Japan...(as the following Annex 2)The number of the elderly is increasing is a major challenge for the demographic change which is interested in especially by the UN. Vietnam began to the stage of aging population (people aged 65+ accounted for 7%) since 2011[3].Time of transition from "aging population" to "aged population" in Vietnam is only about 15 years, it is shorter as compared with other APEC economies, according to the World bank report[4].

Although aging population is the positive result of social progress, economic development, health care improvement, it makes challenges to the growth of economies as the shortage of labor resource, rising health cost, social security, impact on savings, investment, consumption, shifting migration flows.

How to increase the access to and enjoyment of health care services in order to meet the demand of the elderly is not a small challenge for APEC member economies, especially in the member economies with lower development.

Aging is one of the priorities on APEC’s Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth: “Rank 2: Projects that directly support the APEC Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth.Inclusive Growth: Activities/issues related to addressing the social dimension of globalization, including health and gender, aging population and vulnerable groups”

The aim of the international workshop is to share experiences among the member economies on promoting the role of elderly and elderly health care in the family and community as well as making policy for affected issue by aging.


[1] United Nation, Population Ageing and Development 2012; UNFPA, International Help Age: Ageing in the Twenty-first century: A celebration and a Challenge, 2012

[2] United Nation, Population Ageing and Development 2015

[3] General Statistic Office (VN), Annual Sample Survey on Change of Population and Family Planning 1/4/2011

[4] World bank, Live long and Prosper Ageing in East Asia and Pacific, 2015

Objectives

The International Workshop will meet Objectives:

1) To see the current status of Aging in APEC (including the trends, impacts & challenges in growth economy)

2) To share experiences in dealing with Aging population issues among APEC members and APEC with Partners

3) To agree jointed action to adapt “aging population” of APEC in the future.

4) To give the recommendations on “Aging population” issues to APEC leaders and APEC members for relevant action plan & policy response, especially the recommendations of home based and community based care model for elderly people can also be applied in a creative way by each different economy. 

The workshop will have plenary and parallel sessions during two days with the topics such as overview on aging population and global and APEC’s aging population trends until 2050; the impacts of aging population on development (including economic growth); aging population and social security; Elderly healthcare; the elderly-new labour resource for society; Recommendation and the Way Forward.

Alignment

Building regional capacity in dealing with health threats, including infectious diseases and natural disasters is a top priority that has been stressed by APEC leaders repeatedly. In 2008, APEC leaders declared: “We reaffirm our commitment to build regional capacity to minimize health-related threats” and “welcome continuing efforts …to respond to them in a way that minimizes their adverse impacts on human welfare, trade and investment. “In 2009, APEC leaders declared: “We will strengthen our health systems and cooperate to prevent and control emerging infectious diseases in the world.”  In 2010, APEC leaders further declared: “Economies should strengthen their resilience and capacity to manage emergencies and natural disasters.”  In Work plan for 2011 APEC Health Working Group, it states that “Expected HWG deliverables for 2011 includes capacity building workshops, seminars…which will focus its attention on …enhancing preparedness for and effective management of  emerging and re-emerging infectious disease…”

Aging population is one of the priorities of Funding Criteria for all APEC Funded Projects in 2016 “Rank 2: Projects that directly support the APEC Strategy for Strengthening Quality Growth. Inclusive Growth: Activities/issues related to addressing the social dimension of globalization, including health and gender, aging population and vulnerable groups”

We fully believe that this project constitutes a direct response to APEC leaders’ call and a concrete action to implement the HWG’s work plan. Aging population is also one of the priorities at APEC 2017 that held in Vietnam.

TILF/ASF Justification

Aging population is not only the issue of any member economy but also the common issue of APEC. Even though, it is the global issue in the 21st century. Sixteen member economies were and are facing with aging population, and five member economies left will face with issue of aging population in the near future. Aging population in APEC does not depend on the level of socio-economic development of member economies but it is general trend of the global and the region. Therefore, APEC member economics desire to find out appropriate solution for this issue in their economy.

International workshop is an opportunity for member economies discussing on general issue of APEC. Workshop with the participant from UN organizations, international organizations will seek appropriate solutions for this issue. APEC will make common understand and policy recommendations for member economies. Member economies could learn experiences from other experienced  member economies on developing aging society as Japan, Australia, Korea, Canada etc. and develop appropriate policies for their economy on social security, health care and economic growth etc.

Result of the workshop will be considered to share with other regions, UN agencies, international organizations as well as other stakeholders.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: This project is implemented by organizing international workshop for achievement of the objectives presented on section 2 of SECTION A. The speakers will present their results of research based on data of UN, APEC and relevant organizations. Best practices, analytical frameworks, research paper, survey results, analytical reports etc. will be found at workshop with topics on elderly health care by applying the home based and community based care models for elderly people, aging population and social security, the elderly- new labour resource for society. A clip or TV spot program is planned for production under the project on APEC aging population/ best practice in Vietnam or other economies and this clip/ TV spot will be shown at the workshop.

Important outputs of international workshop is to provide overview of APEC aging population, policy recommendations and joint action, APEC vision responding to aging population; recommendations for APEC member governments to take necessary steps for aging population for the development of each member and APEC common prosperity. 

Outcomes: The International workshop is expected that all the leaders of member economies will have common understand that aging population is a major existing challenge for the development of each member economy and the whole APEC. Workshop is expected that the member leaders will receive recommendations to adjust timely and appropriately policy on relevant issues as social security, labor and employment (adjustment of retirement age, creating job opportunity for the elderly, increasing social insurance fund, investing on elderly health care industry etc.), on elderly health care (increasing coverage of social insurance, improving health system adapting to aging population trend, devising types of elderly health care model: build nursing centers, long term care, day care, encourage the participation of family and society on elderly health care by applying the home based and community based care models for elderly people etc.), population policy adjustment, building elderly-friendly environment and society. 

Beneficiaries: International workshop on Adaptation to Ageing Population issue in Vietnam will be an opportunity for leaders, policy makers, managers, service providers, researchers from APEC member economies, APEC Secretariat, HWG Secretariat, UN agencies as UNFPA, UNDP, WHO, World bank, international organizations, NGOs…to share researches, perspectives, experiences and best practices. 

List of beneficiaries: The project aims to disseminate the outcomes to the following: it is expected to receive about 100-120 participants to the international workshop:

1) Policy makers or government agencies of 21 APEC member economies responsible for health/FP or social security

2) The health agencies of the APEC Secretariat

3) Partners of APEC, such as OECD, ASEAN Secretariat

4) Experts on long-term health care, on socio-demographic issues

5) UN Agencies, such as UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, ILO … (APAC)

6) INGOs: World Bank, ADB,  HelpAge International

7) Reporters, journalists, etc.

8) Representative of relevant government agencies: MOH, MOLISA, MOF, MPI, (including central and local levels such as the Vietnam National Committee for Elderly people, National Geriatric Hospital (NGH) …); NGOs , social civils  such as the Vietnam Association for the Elderly ( managers, service providers, researchers, etc.) 

With common results/recommendations of the workshop, policy makers, program management and implementation persons and researchers will take appropriately steps for their organization, economy and toward to targeted elderly for achievement of APEC common benefits as well as each APEC member economy or for each individual participating the workshop.

Dissemination

A dedicated international workshop proceeding will be generated to bring together academic researches, presentation materials and other relevant information sources to all participants and interested APEC members. A clip or TV spot program is planned for production under the project on APEC aging population/ best practice in Vietnam or other economies and this clip/ TV spot will be shown at the workshop. There will also be a summary and discussion paper, recommendation of this workshop to cover shared knowledge and experiences issued to all APEC members. 

All documents created under APEC funded will be posted to the APEC publications database. These documents will comply with the APEC Publications Guidelines, Logo Guidelines and IP Policy.

Gender

The project does not explicitly or implicitly discriminate based on gender (or other sociodemographic characteristics). The working group of this project, as well as its target audience, beneficiaries and participants include both men and women. The project will benefit both men and women equally as well. 

The workshop encourages the APEC economies give women participants to attend the workshop, especially the hosting economy to ensure that the percentage of participants is at least 50%. According to natural, female have higher life expectancy at birth than male thus promoting the role of elderly people and gender disparities in health and healthcare use among older adults topics will need to be mentioned in this workshop as well.

Work Plan

The project consists of three components which are 1) preparations; 2) implementation and 3) evaluation. All of this work will be done by the project working group from General office for Population and Family Planning, Ministry of Health, Vietnam APEC Secretariat 2017. Co-sponsors are requested to engage in all three stages. Specifically, co-sponsors will be asked for comments while developing the agenda of the international workshop; attending the international workshop; nominating or suggesting speakers to the seminar as well as providing inputs and comments in summary report to assess the effectiveness of the project in the end of the workshop.

Consultants will play an important role in order to achieve the objectives of the project. 

Preparations (December, 2016 ~ July, 2017): Upon approval by the HWG, preparations for the project will commence. The draft agenda, list of speakers will be circulated to member economies through HWG for comments and inputs. Invitations and the final agenda will be sent to member economies at least 8 weeks prior to the international workshop. 

A team consisting of professional officials in charge of infectious diseases control and prevention, experts of infectious diseases field and pharmacology field will be set up. A check list of all preparatory work will also be drafted. The team will work closely and intensively, and do necessary research on Ageing and other issues such as health care, social protection, social welfare, long term care… and to provide inputs for presentations and discussion at the international workshop. 

Implementation (August, 2017): The ‘International Workshop on Sharing Experience on Adaptation to Ageing Population issue’ is scheduled to take place on 2days of August, 2017 in Ho Chi Minh City of Vietnam (SOM3). 

In two-day workshop, participants will discuss on current situation, changing trend of aging population group in the world as well as APEC to the year 2050 (including participants from each member economy); impacts (including positive impacts) of aging population (including aging, aged and ultra aged) to the economy; challenges of aging population to social security, elderly health care, building elderly-friendly environment and society, elderly contributions, lessons learnt from APEC member etc. thereby make APEC common observations on aging population, policy recommendations, vision and action as well as for each member economy. 

The international workshop itself will be designed to facilitate active interaction from all participants, through presentation, questioning sessions, and discussion sessions to enhance dialogue and information exchange. 

Following the international workshop, a conference proceeding with relevant information would be distributed to all participants of member economies and all intended beneficiaries in the paper and USB distributions. 

Evaluation (September, 2017 ~ November, 2017): Questionnaires to evaluate the success of the project will be distributed to participants and collected at the end of the international workshop for feedback and comments. This will be done right after the international workshop. All reports and resources raised from the international workshop will be submitted to HWG and distributed among all APEC members.

Risks

Although aging population is the general trend of the world on the 21st century as well as APEC major challenge, aging population level (including population size, proportion of the elderly in the total population and aging period) is different among APEC member economies. Each member economy has different growth level with different priorities for development and in different period of aging population (aging, aged, super-aged), so that application of recommendations from workshop into practice in each member economy will be difference in time, extent, content and area. 

Developed economies (with an aging, aged and/ or super-aged population) have a lot of experience to adapt to aging population but developing economies (with an aging and/ or super-aging population in the near future) are not only lack of experience but also limited in terms of resources. Therefore, the workshop should be interested and has a discussion section on this risk. The developing economies should take this opportunity to get experience and technical support from the developed economies, UN agencies and other NGOs to adapt the recommendation of the workshop to their real situation after they return to their home economies. 

The untimely grant provision from APEC could delay workshop organization as expected. 

Another risk is the attendance of speakers. The organizer will work closely with potential speakers to secure their participation and require the soft copy of presentations to be sent in advance.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring and Evaluation activities will be implemented by PO from the beginning and they will follow closely the project work plan (the Work plan in section C) to ensure that all project objectives are achieved. During the monitoring process, if any activity needs to adjusted, the PO will discuss with the APEC Secretariat to ensure that the project’s objectives, outputs and outcomes are unchanged. 

From a monitoring perspective, we will track the deliverables (contacts, emails and work plans) against timeline at monthly intervals. While evaluating the long-term vision of the project may not be feasibly undertaken in the scope of these activities, we will monitor and evaluate the short-term outcomes that are indicative of likely future success or failure. 

From an evaluation perspective, the project will be considered successful if levels of common awareness on aging population, impacts of this issue on development (including economic growth), applying elderly health care models, best practices, policy recommendations as a result of the international workshop. We will collect participants’ feedback both formally and informally via participants’ surveys as well as individual consultations. With respect to dissemination, we will monitor the numbers of materials disseminated and also information disseminated. 

Some of expected indicators of the workshop are:

- 100% APEC economies (21 economies) will attend the workshop.

- 100% invited UN agencies will attend the workshop.

- 100% invited NGOs (international and local level) will attend the workshop.

-  50% female participants will attend the workshop.

Linkages

Aging population is the common issue of APEC which member economies were and are facing with. APEC funds for this project express the interest of APEC leaders to the APEC common issue and determination to jointly discussion, finding solutions to the common issues for the APEC common prosperity. 

APEC funds for this project is proactive step of APEC leaders so that encourage member economies continue to consider this issue and have appropriate step on their own. 

Although APEC population accounts for 40,5% of the world population, APEC aging population accounts for nearly 50% of the world population. Aging population is not only happened in APEC but also the common trend in global. APEC’s partners with the good cooperation with APEC and with their strength such as UNFPA (working primarily in population, including aging population), WHO (working in health field, including health care for elderly people), ILO (working in employment, including the employment for elderly people), World Bank, ADB (financial), … and they all are concerned about the APEC aging population in particular and the aging population in general. Thus they would be willing to attend the workshop and give not only financially but also technical support for this workshop. Otherwise, these agencies will also give support to all APEC economies after they return to their home economies. Best practices and recommendations from this APEC international workshop will be shared to APEC stakeholders, relevant UN agencies and the rest of the world.

Sustainability

The results of the workshop are the policy recommendations, the practical experience and the lessons learnt from the APEC member economies and other APEC partners. These results will be gradually applied in a flexible way and be in line with each socio-economic conditions by the APEC member economies. 

These applies will be used in long-term nature for many years after the workshop. It will be shown the efficiency and sustainability of the Workshop. Adapting to the aging population problem is a big problem, and it will need a long-term approach with a well strategy and perseverance.

The recommendations of home based and community based care model for elderly people can also be applied in a creative way by each different community. That will make the diversity, creativity and enrich the results of the workshop. 

The recommendations of the workshop will be considered for further research, exchange and use outside APEC. 

The Health Working Group will support in following up and collecting the results from all APEC economies which will apply the recommendations of the workshop. APEC economies have responsibility to report their results to the Health Working Group. 

Vietnam as the hosting economy (especially GOPFP – MOH) will apply the recommendations of the workshop in an appropriate and creative way to make policies and develop our action plan which will focus on the following activities, such as building home based and community based care model for elderly people; capacity building for health workers in caring elderly people; developing the data base system to follow up health care for elderly people.

Project Overseers

Mr. Nguyen Van Tan is the leader of The General Office for Population and Family Planning who has more than 40 year experience working in the field. Together with him, there is a team of policy makers and manager, researchers, domestic and international stakeholders who are full of enthusiasm in this area. 

Viet Nam, the host economy of APEC 2017 was and is facing with aging population issue. As UN forecast, Viet Nam is one of the few economies with fastest speed of aging population in the world. This issue is the great concern of Viet Nam government. 

Vietnam has rich of experiences in holding national workshops, International Workshops on Aging issues with ASEAN, UNFPA, World Bank... such as Workshop to exchange International Experiences responding to Ageing (With UNFPA, 2013); Workshop on among ASEAN economies on “Responding to Aging: International Exchange on Policies and Actions”, 2014; Policy Dialogue on Health care for Elderly (with WHO, 2015)... Vietnam also issued important policies on Ageing: National workshop on aging population in Vietnam and orientation of building national program for the elderly in the period 2012-2020.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

-  Translator’s fees (Experience and survey/research materials from other economies): all the materials should be translated into English for sharing at the workshop. We estimate that there are about 500 pages need to be translated and the translator’s fees will be paid by actual work.

-  Simultaneous Interpretation fee: as Vietnam is the hosting economy so there will be several Vietnamese speeches or reports will be presented at the workshop so it should be better if we could prepare for simultaneous interpretation at the workshop. The cost norm for this service about $500/person/day x 2 days.

Are there any supporting document attached?

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Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

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Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

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Expected Start Date

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Project Proponent Name 1

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Organization 1

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Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

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