Project Title

Workshop to Identify Factors Affecting Clearance in Import and Export Processes made by MSMEs 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

CTI 24 2016 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 24 2016 

Project Title

Workshop to Identify Factors Affecting Clearance in Import and Export Processes made by MSMEs 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

116,320 

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

116,320 

Sponsoring Forum

Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures (SCCP) 

Topics

Customs 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Peru 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Australia; Chile; China; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/10/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Jimmy Vilchez Vargas (new PO wef 11 January 2017) 

Job Title 1

Customs Official 

Organization 1

National Superintendene of Customs and Tax Administration (SUNAT) 

Postal Address 1

Av. Gamarra Nº 680 – Chucuito – Callao, Callao 1, Peru 

Telephone 1

51-1 612730 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

jvilchezv@sunat.gob.pe 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Jimmy Vilchez Vargas 

Project Summary

Competitive MSMEs are essential for the growth of an economy to be more equitable and inclusive. In this regard, Member Economies are implementing mechanisms that promote internationalization of MSMEs, according to the Boracay Agenda. 

It is important that Customs administrations identify in the supply chain, the critical factors that negatively and significantly affect the import and export processes, especially for MSMEs and; additionally, learn the experience of those economies that have a legal framework that allows different treatment to such companies, as a first step to take actions that contribute to their internationalization. 

The 3-day workshop will help identify these critical factors, and at the same time learn experiences of those economies giving a different treatment that promotes the development of MSMEs and facilitates their internationalization.

Relevance

Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are the engines of growth and innovation in the APEC region. MSMEs account for about 97 percent of all businesses and employ more than half of the workforce in all APEC economies. Furthermore, they contribute significantly to economic growth, with a share ranging from 20 to 50 percent of GDP in most APEC economies. However, they only represent 35 percent or less of direct exports, according to information from the Small and Medium Enterprises Working Group.

On the other hand, it is important to emphasize that one of the aspects that affect MSMEs competitiveness is that referred to time and costs that arise during different stages along the supply chain, therefore the relevance of the project is the development of a workshop to identify the main factors that adversely affect the import and export processes in the supply chain, including customs clearance.

The project is relevant to the extent that the identification of critical factors – in short term - could allow Customs administrations to reduce logistics costs and improve service times for customs clearance, and optimize customs control regarding MSMEs and - in medium term - will serve as input to compare the ad hoc legal frameworks that facilitate MSMEs internationalization.

This project is related to Rank 1: "projects that demonstrate a direct link to regional promoting economic integration via free and open trade and investment" because from the identification of critical factors, it seeks to promote MSMEs integration through improving processes that cause negative effects on cost and time of customs clearance, on the basis of shared experiences by economies that have legal frameworks that facilitate participation of these companies in the international supply chain. Moreover, it is related to the implementation of the Boracay Agenda for globalization of MSMEs and is closely linked to the priority "Supporting the Multilateral Trading System and the Bogor Goals" (Rank 1), with the aim of promoting the development and formalization of MSMEs.

Objectives

The project objectives are the following: 

a) Identify procedures and legal treatment for MSMEs in APEC economies in import and export processes;

b) Identify the factors or practices affecting import and export processes along the supply chain;

c) Share experiences of APEC economies that have a differential treatment for MSMEs in export and import processes;

d) Recommend the development of a study - as a second stage of the project - to identify possible solutions to critical factors found and establish recommendations for implementation.

Alignment

In 2015, the Ministers Responsible for Trade endorsed the Boracay Action Agenda to Globalize MSMEs as an action oriented initiative that supports APEC´s on-going work to address the barriers faced by MSMEs in international trade and facilitate their access to regional and global markets, identifying priority areas as trade facilitation, e-commerce to facilitate the participation of MSMEs in the global trade. 

This project is under one of the priorities for APEC 2016 “Towards the modernization of MSMEs in the Asia – Pacific region”, which includes actions to promote the participation of MSMEs in the regional value added chain with the application of new technologies and innovation. This project will contribute to achieve this priority since it seeks to motivate member economies to modify behaviors, regulations and any other factors that affect the processes of importation and exportation along the supply chain in order to streamline MSMEs participation in the global market. 

It is also aligned with the SCCP Work Plan and the new Collective Action Plan called Establishment of reporting mechanism for the Implementation of the Boracay Action Agenda, which aims at providing a reporting mechanism that can ensure effective implementation of the APEC Boracay Action Agenda to globalize MSMEs, since this project will help advancing opportunities for MSMEs internationalization.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: 

a)  Questionnaire: Prior to the workshop, a questionnaire will be circulated via email to APEC economies in order to establish a preliminary diagnosis on the treatment granted to MSMEs in the Asia-Pacific region. 

b)  Workshop: It will bring together experts from different national and international organizations, whom based on the prepared preliminary assessment will present on topics related to procedures affecting control, cost and time for release of goods sold by MSMEs. Also, delegates from APEC economies that have different legal frameworks that allow promoting MSMEs development and internationalization will be invited to share their experience in the implementation of such legal frameworks. 

c)  Final Report: It will consolidate the information and results concerning the critical factors affecting import and export processes along the supply chain; and best practices in the implementation of different legal frameworks for MSMEs. 

Outcomes:

a) Motivate the interest of the participants to promote their economies to improve their processes for the benefit of MSMEs, from the acquired knowledge on the factors affecting import and export processes. 

b) Increase knowledge of participants on specific regulations existing in the Asia-Pacific region, so that they are taken as a reference to implement improvements in import and export process in their economies. 

Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries of the project will be APEC Member Economies’ Customs Administrations since they will be able to compare their import and export processes, with the factors affecting the supply chain identified in the workshop. They may also learn regulatory frameworks of some economies that have specific regulations for MSMEs; and from this, they could take immediate action to overcome the above factors, according to their reality.

In addition, participants of other APEC fora will also benefit such as the Small and Medium Enterprises Working Group (SMEWG); and the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC), who will be invited to participate in the workshop; as well as representatives of national public and private organizations involved in the import and export process; and from trade associations and trade advisory groups, with special care to guarantee the participation of industry representatives.

Dissemination

The target audience of the workshop will include: 

·  APEC fora such as SCCP, Small Medium Enterprises Working Group (SMEWG) and APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) will be invited as Workshop speakers or participants.

·  National MSMEs related policy-makers/regulators organizations as well as representatives from trade associations and trade advisory groups will also be invited to attend the workshop since they are important stakeholders.

·  Aligned with the purpose of SCCP to minimize paper consumption, only a hard copy of the workshop program will be delivered. Presentations and other related documents shown during the workshop will be disseminated by electronic means. 

The final report will be disseminated via email to delegates from APEC economies and to other workshop domestic and foreign participants, and could also be circulated to the Virtual Working Group. The report will also be published on APEC’s website so it is expected that the target audience of the project will be wider, especially for those not able to attend the workshop.

There is no intention to sell outputs from this project.

Gender

Due to the objectives of this project, which basically are the identification of differentiated procedures and legal treatment for MSMEs in APEC economies and identification of factors or practices affecting import and export processes along the supply chain; we consider that the possibility that gender could be a factor that affects the processes of importation or exportation, is very low. Nevertheless, in the Questionnaire, we will include a query with regard to this matter. Depending on the answers, gender may be included as one topic in the agenda of the workshop.

Since empowering women in a global business environment is an important issue especially for the Asia-Pacific Region and in alignment with such gender equality effort of APEC even though this project is gender neutral; it will promote opportunities for both men and women.  The eligible economies will be required to nominate at least a woman as participant for the workshop.

During the planning stages for the Workshop, the PO will constantly seek to achieve gender balance especially in the selection of participants and, when possible, in the selection of experts. Women are well-represented in the involved sectors of this workshop; we plan to highly encourage the participation of women. At least 40 percent of invited participants will be women.

Work Plan

Timeline

Actions

December  2016

Prepare and coordinate logistical arrangements

January 2017

- Develop draft questionnaire
Request opinions from SCCP delegates and co-sponsors and SCCP Virtual Working Group

- Incorporate suggestions from delegates and co-sponsors

February 2017

- Questionnaire circulated to SCCP delegates and SCCP Virtual Working Group for filling (within 15 days)

- Consolidate information

- Analyze information

March – May 2017

First deliverable: Report questionnaire results (including indicators)

- Propose agenda items in coordination with co sponsors

- Send proposed agenda to SCCP, SCCPVWG, SMEWG and ABAC delegates for comment.

- Develop final agenda with comments and suggestions received

- Work with co-sponsors to identify speakers.

June – July 2017

- Send invitations to identified speakers

- Invite and confirm speaker’s participation at the Workshop, from international organizations (WCO, WTO), APEC economies and non-member economies participation.

- List of confirmed speakers.

- Submit a complete list of speakers, participants for the Workshop to APEC Secretariat for approval (participation of non-member speakers will depend on approval of SCCP).

- Coordination/monitoring logistical arrangements

August-September  2017

- Invite related fora such as SMEWG and ABAC to designate participants (including document with general information on workshop)

- Confirmation of the event details (a General Information document is circulated to SCCP focal points for nominating Workshop participants).

- List of confirmed participants

- Collect speakers’ presentations or main points.

October 2017

- Implementation of the 3-day Workshop.

- Report with preliminary outcomes of the Workshop for SCCP.

- Draft Report (event organizers will work with co-sponsors, speakers and other participants to draft a report)

- Circulate the draft report among member economies for comments.

- Incorporate the comments in the report.

November 2017

- Finalize the summary report.

- Project overseer will work with the APEC Secretariat to publish the final report of the workshop and to make sure project documents are loaded onto the APEC Publication Database.

- Explore and draft possible actions for a second stage.

Risks

One risk could be ensuring the selection of suitable speakers and also, there could be last-minute speaker cancellations. To reduce these risks, the PO will work with co-sponsor economies in order to get recommendations of potential experienced speakers and will identify possible back-up speakers. 

Another risk is the difficulty in selecting appropriate participants. To address this risk, the PO will send invitations to SCCP, SMEWG and ABAC specifying the objectives of the workshop and the experience required for participants. 

Poor quality of workshop presentations is another risk; the PO will encourage that all presentations be submitted prior to the workshop to allow vetting by project overseer and co-sponsors if possible. It is essential that participants get the best quality of information during the workshop to ensure substantive discussion and recommendations.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Taking into consideration that the main source of information for the workshop will be the questionnaire, the PO will work closely and regularly with co-sponsor economies in determining the preliminary content of the questionnaire and also will ask for recommendations of SCCP, SMEWG, CTI and ABAC fora. 

In this regard, there will be “preliminary” outputs from the information provided by APEC economies that will allow measuring them using the following indicators:

a) Identify the common factors that affect the import and export processes of MSMEs in the Asia-Pacific Region

b) Identify the percentage of these factors in each APEC economy

c) Identify how many APEC economies have specific regulations for MSMEs

d) Identify main benefits granted to MSMEs through MSMEs frameworks 

It is expected that the 100% or at least 80% of APEC member economies will respond the questionnaire. Peru will explain the project in the 2017 SCCP1 meeting and will insist to obtain the response to the questionnaire with every economy, if necessary. At the same time, it is also expected the participation of the 100% of participants from eligible APEC economies. 

All information gathered will be important, including such that is not common to all the economies. The information will be evaluated and a preliminary “diagnostic” will allow starting working with the agenda. 

On the other hand, at the end of the workshop, an evaluation form will also be distributed to participants as well as workshop speakers, and panelists to determine the success of the workshop. The indicators for monitoring the project´s success are: 

a) The content and quality of presentations. An evaluation form will be circulated at the end of each day during the workshop in order to measure how well the project met its objectives.

b) Usefulness, how useful was the knowledge acquired during the workshop, the new information obtained will serve and be applicable to initiate a process of change in their economies?. Number of participants, which will include the total amount of participants specifying the amount of APEC travel-eligible economies.

Gender: the final report will provide information on how many women were speakers, panelists or participants. It will also be recommended to economies to nominate 1 male and 1 female participant to encourage a gender equal distribution.

Linkages

The project is aligned with priorities of APEC 2016, Ministers and Leaders Declaration of APEC 2015, to reach the modernization of MSMEs in the Asia – Pacific, fostering business environment that promotes its globalization; as well as progress in the area of border e-commerce to facilitate the participation of MSMEs in the global market.

A proposal of the questionnaire will be submitted to SMEWG, CTI and ABAC requesting their opinion and recommendations prior to its circulation among SCCP members. In addition, the project will involve logistics operators; ABAC will have an active participation, as well as non-members of APEC as the WCO, WTO since the workshop objectives are closely related to topics mentioned in such fora. In particular, WCO and WTO participants may be asked for comments to the project of the summary report.

Finally, a list of speakers and panelist of the workshop with their contact details will be circulated to all participants and APEC economies for future actions.

Sustainability

The results obtained from this project will serve as input for a second activity consisting of a study whose deliverable would be Guidelines for implementing a differentiated legal framework for MSMEs, allowing them to be more competitive and facilitating their internationalization. The study would build on a comparison of the critical factors encountered and the best practices identified in economies that have different legal frameworks for MSMEs. Besides its circulation through email among participants and SCCP delegates, the results of the study will be also circulated to the SCCP Virtual Working Group and other APEC related fora.

Peru will continue with the second stage. It is expected to submit another APEC funded Project proposal during 2018 The “Study” is not yet part of the SCCP Work Plan; nevertheless, Peru will suggest the inclusion of the workshop in the mentioned document and will make a brief presentation of the current project in 2017 SCCP1.

Before moving to the second stage, it is likely that information about critical factors contained in the final report may serve to allow APEC economies to do some work in order to change legal frameworks or processes on import and export.

Project Overseers

The Project Overseers will be: 

1) Mr. Armando Vargas Salazar
Customs Officials
National Intendency of Customs Strategic Development
National Superintendence of Customs and Tax Administration-SUNAT
Av. Chucuito N° 680, Chucuito, Callao, Perú
Tel. (511) 6343600 ext. 20232
E-mail: avargass@sunat.gob.pe

2) Mr. Walter Cardenas Mendoza
Customs Officials
National Intendency of Customs Strategic Development
National Superintendence of Customs and Tax Administration-SUNAT
Av. Chucuito N° 680, Chucuito, Callao, Perú
Tel (511) 6343600 ext. 20124
E-mail: wcardenas@sunat.gob.pe

3) Mr. Miguel Mestanza Suarez
Customs Offficials
National Intendency of Customs Strategic Development
National Superintendence of Customs and Tax Administration-SUNAT
Av. Chucuito N° 680, Chucuito, Callao, Perú
Tel (511) 6343600 ext. 20044
E-mail: mmestanza@sunat.gob.pe

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Not Applicable.

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
Version: 3.0 
Created at 27/12/2016 15:03  by Lucy Phua 
Last modified at 12/01/2017 10:30  by Lucy Phua 
Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
Attachments
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