Project Title

Workshop on Promoting Trade in Products which Contribute to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth through Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

CTI 33 2016T 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Completed Project   
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Project No.

CTI 33 2016T 

Project Title

Workshop on Promoting Trade in Products which Contribute to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth through Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation 

Project Status

Completed Project 

Publication (if any)

http://publications.apec.org/publication-detail.php?pub_id=1871 

Fund Account

TILF Special Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

100,000 

Co-funding Amount

25,985 

Total Project Value

125,985 

Sponsoring Forum

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Topics

Trade Facilitation 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Indonesia 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Brunei Darussalam; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Viet Nam 

Expected Start Date

01/12/2016 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Armi Yuniani 

Job Title 1

Not Applicable 

Organization 1

Directorate of APEC and International Organisations, Ministry of Trade 

Postal Address 1

Jl M I Ridwan Rais No. 5, Jakarta Pusat 10110, Indonesia 

Telephone 1

62-21 3858195 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

ctiindonesia@gmail.com; me_1706@yahoo.com 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicale 

Declaration

Armi Yuniani 

Project Summary

As a practical initiative to carry out the 2015 Leaders’ mandate of exploring trade in products that contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation, this project seeks to follow up APEC’s works done so far to find possible ways to promote trade of “development products,” i.e. those products that contribute to rural development and poverty alleviation. This project builds upon the conclusions arising from the 2015 PSU study and Cebu Trade Policy Dialogue on the issue.

The main activity of the project is the delivery of a two-day workshop  to be held by the Committee on Trade and Investment in the margin of CTI1 in 2017.

The aim of the workshop is to discuss policy measures to help to facilitate the reduction and gradual elimination of barriers to trade in select products so as to contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation in the coming time including the discussion on appropriate beyond border factors. The workshop will explore this through presentation on case studies.

This project aligns with efforts to the attain the Bogor Goals by 2020; the Leaders’ strategy of inclusive growth; and APEC Peru 2016 priorities of advancing Regional Economic Integration and quality growth as well as enhancing regional food markets.

Relevance

Relevance - APEC: This project/workshop is a practical initiative to carry forward the 2015 APEC Leaders’ call to explore trade in products that contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation (RDPA). It serves to respond to the Leaders’ “calls to action” for advancing APEC Growth Strategy which includes RDPA agenda; and to advance APEC Peru 2016 priorities of Regional Economic Integration and quality growth as well as regional food markets, and APEC Viet Nam 2017 priorities of Regional Economic Integration and sustainable, inclusive and innovative growth.

Advancing rural development is an important factor in meeting the needs of a growing global population, easing poverty in rural areas, and narrowing the gaps between rural and urban populations. By promoting rural development, through a mixture of trade policies and beyond border measures, economies have significant scope to unlock economic growth and change the structure of the economy fundamentally. Thus giving rural communities and the poor the maximum opportunity access global value chains is an important policy objective for APEC. Promoting and facilitating the reduction and gradual eliminatiom of barriers to trade in select products also contributes to the attainment of the Bogor Goals 2020.

The project will help the APEC economies for the trade liberalization and facilitation goals in the Osaka Action Agenda, in particular in the areas related to the elimination of trade barriers.This project conforms to the following principles of the Osaka Action Agenda:

i) Comprehensiveness: The   APEC   liberalization  and  facilitation  process  will  be  comprehensive,  addressing  all impediments to achieving the long-term goal of free and open trade and investment;

ii) Non Discrimination: APEC economies will apply or endeavor to apply the principle of non-discrimination between and among them in the process of liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment.The outcome of trade and investment liberalization in the Asia-Pacific region will be the actual reduction of barriers not only among APEC economies but also between APEC economies and non-APEC economies; and

iii) Cooperation: Economic and technical cooperation contribution to liberalization and facilitation will be actively pursued.

Relevance - Rank: This project falls under Rank 1 of 2015 APEC Funding Criteria as it seeks to support attainment of the Bogor Goals to promote regional economic integration via free and open trade and investment through the workshop’s focus on reducing barriers to trade in select products. This project also lie under Rank 2 APEC Funding Criteria that directly support the APEC Leaders’ Growth Strategy by elevating APEC’s effort activities/issues related to improving the quality of life through sustainable and inclusive growth.

Objectives

The aim of the workshop is to discuss policy measures to help to facilitate the reduction and gradual elimination of barriers to trade in select products so as to contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation, including the discussion on appropriate beyond border factors.

Alignment

This proposed project is part of follow-up actions to the 2016 tasking statement on “rural development” through sharing experiences, with a view to discussing comprehensive strategies to eradicate poverty and enhance the welfare of rural communities in the region. It builds upon the APEC PSU study on “Promoting Products Contributing to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth through Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation” and CTI “Trade Policy Dialogue on Promoting Products which Contribute to Sustainable and Inclusive Growth through Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation (RDPA)” in Cebu, The Philippines. Recommendations from the PSU report and Cebu trade policy dialogue should be part of the discussion at the two-day workshop. 

This project is also relevant to several current or medium-term priorities established by the Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI), its sub-fora, as well as by APEC as a whole. Firstly, this project responds to Leaders’ priority in promoting regional economic integration via free and open trade and investment.  Secondly, the project responds directly to Leaders’ mandate on promoting products that contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation. Finally, this project reflects as an approach of APEC’s long standing belief that liberalization and reduction of barriers to trade and investment are useful instruments for APEC to pursue specific economic growth goals.

TILF/ASF Justification

This project conforms to the following principles of the Osaka Action Agenda: (i) Comprehensiveness: The   APEC   liberalization  and  facilitation  process  will  be  comprehensive,  addressing  all impediments to achieving the long-term goal of free and open trade and investment; (ii) Non Discrimination: APEC economies will apply or endeavor to apply the principle of non-discrimination between and among them in the process of liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment.The outcome of trade and investment liberalization in the Asia-Pacific region will be the actual reduction of barriers not only among APEC economies but also between APEC economies and non-APEC economies; and (iii) Cooperation: Economic and technical cooperation contribution to liberalization and facilitation will be actively pursued.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: One of the outputs of the project will be a two day workshop held in Nha Trang city, Viet Nam, in the first quarter of 2017. The organizing committee will invite speakers who are experts in the area of rural development/poverty alleviation to present case studies. During the last session of the workshop, lessons and recommendations suggested by Workshop attendants will be discussed. 

While there is a significant capacity-building aspect to the Workshop, identification of next steps will be another critical output of this project.  Therefore, a report will be produced after the Workshop, which will be composed of the following but not limited to, sections: introduction of the project, briefings of the case studies presented at the Workshop, briefings on discussions at the Workshop; suggested recommendations made by Workshop participants, including speakers and the project consultant. 

The organizers hope that the Workshop will equip participants with various knowledge and information of rural development and poverty alleviation. This is one of the expected output for this project. Participants are expected to explore the way of facilitating the reduction and gradual elimination of barriers to trade of select products so as to contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation. 

The fourth output of this project is the collaboration among Workshop attendants. A network will be built during and after this Workshop among participants. In addition, since the final session of the Workshop will focus on lessons learnt and recommendation for future activities, such identification of next steps will be one of critical outputs of this project. 

Outcomes: Based on the workshop’s presentations, discussions and recommendations, the Organizers hope that the Workshop participants can enhance their awareness and knowledge of best practice with respect to rural development and poverty alleviation. It is also expected that based on the knowledge and lessons learned from the Workshop, the Workshop participants will raise useful suggestions of how to facilitate the reduction and gradual elimination of barriers to trade in select products,  so as to contribute to sustainable and inclusive growth through rural development and poverty alleviation. 

There is potential for the workshop to lead to follow up activities which could lay the platform for APEC consider a framework on RDPA. Another possible change in policy may happen in the framework of the Committee on Trade and Investment. By outreaching the Workshop’s set of recommendations to this Committee, the Organizers may expect that a set of recommendations in policy will be endorsed at higher level, for example in the upcoming APEC MRT and AMM for further instructions and actions from Ministers, or APEC AELM for further instructions from Leaders. This, however, will depend on the progress of discussions and agreement in the Seminar. 

Beneficiaries: Target audience of this workshop are:

·  Senior/middle ranking officials, policy-makers/regulators of APEC economies working in the areas of trade, rural development, and poverty alleviation

·  Private sectors/business representatives of APEC economies working in the areas of rural development and poverty alleviation will be invited as workshop speakers and participants, such as ABAC, business company or association where their business field are within the List of Development Products.

·  Think-tanks from academic sector might be considered to be invited to speak at the workshop as well, such as Bogor Agricultural University of Indonesia, University of Indonesia, etc.

·  Representatives from international organizations and institutes with the expertise of rural development and poverty alleviation may be invited to be speakers or moderators in the workshop, such as AIPEG (Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance), OECD. 

This project will benefit policy-making process and various groups, including officers from government agencies, and representatives from the public and private sectors, experts and research centers. The primary beneficiaries are representatives from government agencies who are decision or policy makers, who are also prospective participants of the workshop to be held under this project. Since the workshop will be held in the margins of CTI, CTI representatives and interested participants of other working groups will be encouraged to attend the workshop and therefore will benefit from this event. 

Through participation in this event, participants will gain an understanding of how the removal of barriers to trade in select products can support efforts to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth.

Dissemination

Hard copies will be provided to all workshop’s participants while the final report will be uploaded into APEC website/meeting databases.

A detailed report of the workshop will also be prepared and submitted to the Committee on Trade and Investment for endorsement.

The copies of all documents and presentations (including the report) and other information will be sent to all of the participants via email.

We will also publish the information about both of the report and workshop in our Ministry of Trade website and some national media channel, such as online newspapers and social network of Ministry of Trade.

No intention to sell outputs arising from this project.

Gender

According to FAO, 49,4 percent of the female population were employed in the agricultural sector, compared to 51,7 percent of the male population (FAO, 2003). Hence, empowering women and fully engaging them in a global business environment is an important issue especially for the Asia-Pacific Region. In alignment with such gender equality endeavors of APEC, women’s involvement in this project will be crucial to its success. Therefore, throughout the preparation to the finalization period of the RDPA workshop, the project organizers will seek gender balance with respect to the selection of experts and participants. Invitations sent to CTI representatives will take due consideration of gender concerns by encouraging the suggestion and nomination of female speakers and participants. It should be noted that the Project Overseer is a woman. 

In addition, the project organizers will ensure that the evaluation forms to be distributed at the end of the dialogue will include information on gender for disaggregating of data for project assessment and will help in evaluation of specific responses of women and men.

Work Plan

Timeline

Actions

October 2016

Submit concept note (then a full project proposal) to APEC for consideration and approval

November 2016

BMC approval

Draft the Seminar agenda and circulate it to economies for comment.

Incorporate the comments and finalize the agenda to reflect all interests by stakeholders.

December 2016

The Seminar location will be determined and finalized no later than January 2017.

Invite and secure speakers for the Seminar, from international organizations, research institutes, APEC economies and non-member economies Participation of non-member speakers will depend on approval of CTI.

Promotion and dissemination of information on the Seminar.

January 2017

Invite participants from relevant APEC Ministries/ agencies, academia and research institutes in APEC member economies.

Confirmation of the event details (a General Information document is circulated to CTI focal points for nominating Seminar participants).

Preparation work by the Organizing Committee (logistic and documentation)

February/March 2017

Implementation of the Seminar

April – June 2017

Upon conclusion of the Seminar, event organizers will work with co-sponsors, speakers and other participants to draft a report for the APEC Committee on Trade and Investment.

Risks

Risks associated with the Workshop will be minimal. One of the risks is ensuring the selection of good speakers in order to make the most of the Workshop. The Organizers will work with the co-sponsor economies to get recommendations of potential speakers. There may be last-minute speaker cancellations. That risk will be managed by identifying possible back-up speakers in advance of the event. 

Another risk is the difficulty in selecting the right participants. To address this risk, the organizers will send out invitations to CTI representatives of APEC economies. CTI representatives will take the responsibility of informing domestic Ministries/Agencies on selecting the right participants and how to nominate these participants to the Project Overseers. The criterion for selecting participants is that participants should be involved in trade, rural development and poverty alleviation issues. The CTI representatives will be the focal point to nominate participants (including speakers) attending the Workshop. 

The nominated APEC funded participants will be required to send their CVs (or biographies) to the Project Organizers. Based on reviewing the CVs (or biographies) of the nominated participants, the PO will decide the participation of APEC delegates and inform their approval to the nominated participants.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Workshop’s Organizers will work closely and regularly with co-sponsor economies in determining the content of the agenda, selection of speakers, moderators, experts for the Workshop. The project will adhere strictly to APEC project implementation procedures, including the timeline of actions.

The expected overall participants are 100 people from at least 11 travel eligible economies in which are public officials; experts in the field of trade, rural development and poverty alleviation; civil society; and any public or private stakeholders involved or with interest in these fields. Those economies are; Chile, The People’s Republic of China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Peru, The Russian Federation, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Women’s participations will be ensured as speakers and attendees and is expected to take more than half (50%) of all participants. An evaluation form will be prepared and distributed to all participants as well as the speakers, moderators and experts to assess the effectiveness of the Workshop with respect to the relevance on the topics, presentations by speakers, overall impact and suggestions for further improvement and/or activities for future projects. The organizing committee will compile all comments and reflect them into the final report, which will be submitted to the APEC Committee on Trade and Investment for consideration.

The report and Workshop documents will be made available to Workshop participants and the APEC Secretariat, as well as uploaded to APEC Publication Database. The draft report on the outcomes of the Workshop will be sent to APEC Secretariat for review before finalization.

Linkages

APEC has addressed food security over a number of years, conducting ministerial meetings, issuing the Niigata Declaration of 2010, the Kazan Declaration of 2012 and the Beijing Declaration of 2014. There is an APEC Food Security Roadmap Towards 2020 and a business plan (2014-2020). All have objectives related to infrastructure development, investment, and promoting regionally integrated products in food and agriculture. While the goals of these declarations, roadmap and business plan are ambitious, the pace of their implementation has been less so. 

As APEC 2016 host, Peru intends to reenergize the focus on food markets, particularly via the Policy Partnership for Food Security (PPFS) and Oceans and Fisheries Work Group. Reinvigoration of the PPFS and an increase in its activities in 2016 would be welcomed by business. The 2015 APEC Joint Ministerial Statement under the heading of “Food Security, Agricultural Technical Cooperation, and Agricultural Biotechnology”, also advised the APEC High-Level Policy Dialogue on Food Security and Blue Economy of Action (PPFS) to “identify and categorize a limited list of the most onerous non-tariff barriers (NTB) to food and agricultural products, seeking to establish a useful taxonomy to categorize them, analysing their economic importance, enhancing cooperation on food standards, and to finding practical collaborative solutions to address them”. The APEC leaders explicitly welcome collaboration with the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) and the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) on this matter. 

The project will also link to the APEC Connectivity Blueprint on the reason that connectivity is particularly important for remote areas such as mountainous regions, where poverty, food insecurity, and socioeconomic marginalization levels can be extremely high. Connectivity through roads, logistics, and IT can be equally important to access to healthcare, education, financial services, and emergency preparedness, in addition to market access for small holders. For a number of developing economies, community or unclear land titles and tenure create challenges for building infrastructure and agricultural development, particularly for small holders. 

This project will make reports to, and ask inputs from, the CTI. Non-APEC stakeholders from the private sectors, research institution, education and academic institutions, and international and regional organizations that their works are related to trade, rural development, and poverty alleviation, for instance, OECD, AIPEG will be invited to be involved in a substantive capacity.

Sustainability

The topic of rural development and poverty alleviation has always become one of priorities for developing economies. In SOM1, followed by SOM2, Indonesia has launched the proposal “Framework of RDPA in APEC”. The framework is still under discussion. This workshop will cooperate with Viet Nam as Chaiman for APEC 2017 in carrying away the RDPA issue. Ministry of Trade will cooperate with Viet Nam to carry out the issue.

After the Workshop takes place, the Project Organizers will work with consultants and speakers to develop recommendations for next steps that are selected based on the input provided by the Workshop participants and speaker. These recommendations might be in form of policy recommendation or guideline. This will depend on the participants of the workshop itself. Any recommendation will be brought to them for endorsement.

The Workshop materials will be available for use by participants, economies, stakeholders and beneficiaries long after the project has been completed, through its availability as a handout document and online at no cost on the AIMP. Workshop speakers and participants are also valuable resources to get inputs or experts for future survey, questionnaires, field trips or other activities.

The outcomes and recommendations of this Workshop may be used as the input for future projects/ studies in CTI.

Project Overseers

Ms Armi Yuniani
Ministry of Trade
Republic of Indonesia

Ms. Armi Yuniani got her Master Degree from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Since 2012, she has been the Head of Section to Directorate of APEC and International Organisation Negotiations, Directorate of International Trade Negotiations.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

The Project Overseer seeks APEC funding to support 6 speakers in total for the two-day Workshop.

Contractor: will work with speakers and discussants in drafting, revising and finalizing agenda; conduct researches, collect, analyse and synthesize data; develop curriculum for the Workshop; take notes; develop and finalize the report of the Seminar with recommendations; work as a coordinator in all substantive matters (240 hours total), seek APEC Funding.

Contractor’s secretary: will handle logistics arrangements for the organization of the Seminar (400 hours total), seek APEC Funding.

Waivers

Waiver

Justification

Waiver for advance payment

Travel airfare, per diem for speakers, active participants – to encourage participation in the project.

Researcher’s fees

The aim of the workshop is to discuss policy measures to help facilitate the reduction and gradual elimination of trade barriers to select product. A study/analysis on NTMs and the trade facilitation of 157 products 6 HS digits may help in depicting the trade condition of select products among APEC member economies. The study will be the basis of further discussion of the workshop.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
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Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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