Project Title

Enhance Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises' (MSMEs) Capacity for Inclusive Development by Cross-Border E-Commerce Adoption 

Project Year

2016   

Project Number

CTI 20 2016 

Project Session

Session 2   

Project Type

Standard 

Project Status

Project in Implementation   
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Project No.

CTI 20 2016 

Project Title

Enhance Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises' (MSMEs) Capacity for Inclusive Development by Cross-Border E-Commerce Adoption 

Project Status

Project in Implementation 

Publication (if any)

 

Fund Account

General Project Account 

Sub-fund

None 

Project Year

2016 

Project Session

Session 2 

APEC Funding

115,245 

Co-funding Amount

7,500 

Total Project Value

122,745 

Sponsoring Forum

Electronic Commerce Steering Group (ECSG) 

Topics

Electronic Commerce 

Committee

Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) 

Other Fora Involved

 

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

 

Proposing Economy(ies)

Viet Nam 

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Canada; Japan; Korea; Peru; Philippines; United States 

Expected Start Date

01/01/2017 

Expected Completion Date

31/12/2017 

Project Proponent Name 1

Le Thi Thu Hang (new PO wef 5 December 2016) 

Job Title 1

Legal Division 

Organization 1

Vietnam E-Commerce and Information Technology Agency, Ministry of Industry and Trade 

Postal Address 1

R.401, 25 Ngo Quyen Str., Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi, Viet Nam 

Telephone 1

84-4 22205486 

Fax 1

Not Applicable 

Email 1

apec2017.ecsg@gmail.com'; hangbt@moit.gov.vn 

Project Proponent Name 2

Not Applicable 

Job Title 2

Not Applicable 

Organization 2

Not Applicable 

Postal Address 2

Not Applicable 

Telephone 2

Not Applicable 

Fax 2

Not Applicable 

Email 2

Not Applicable 

Declaration

Le Thi Thu Hang 

Project Summary

MSMEs are the foundation of almost APEC ecocomies. In APEC region, they make up over 97% of all enterprises and generate more than 70% of all jobs. However, the participation of MSMEs in global trade is not commensurate with the great share of this sector yet. Whereas, the latest RTAs in APEC is predicted to bring out many effect to the MSMEs. Therefore, the core goal of this project is to expand the internationalization opportunities for MSMEs through cross-border e-commerce and the influences of TPP on the APEC’s development.

The proposal includes a research about TPP’s impact on APEC region and a capacity building program for promoting cross border e-commerce. (i) A research to evaluate the impact of TPP’s e-commerce chapter in APEC, in particular, on MSMEs and economic development of APEC’s developing economies. Recommendations will be issued to assist MSMEs to take good use of TPP in APEC to enhance cross border e-commerce. (ii) A two-day public and private dialogue will be hold to exchange information about supporting policies for cross-border e-commerce and to discuss about issues that requires the government level collaboration and public – private partnership to resolve. The research about TPP’s impact on APEC will be one of the topic for discussion. After the workshop, MSMEs will be encouraged to adopt cross-border e-commerce activities in their businesses, thus to build global MSMEs.

Relevance

In APEC region, MSMEs make up over 97% of all enterprises and generate more than 70% of all jobs. However, the participation of this sector in global trade is not commensurate with its potential for it accounts for only less than 35% of annual global exports. Recognizing this issue, the APEC Leaders adopted the Boracay Action Agenda to foster MSMEs’ participation in regional and global markets, with one priority action is: Expand internationalization opportunities for micro and small enterprises providing goods and services through ICT and e-commerce. Indeed, cross-border e-commerce was proved to be a profitable venture for MSMEs.

However, the greatest obstacles for MSMEs engaging in cross-border e-commerce are still the fear about cultural complications, market monopolizations, and the lack of knowledge about running e-commerce in the context of RTAs in the region. Therefore, this project aims to issue an evaluation on the impact of the latest RTA’s e-commerce chapter to MSMEs and trends of APEC development. It also provides a public and private partnership dialogue about cross border e-commerce adoption to enhance MSMEs’ capacity through a workshop. More than that, enterprises will be able to approach to new solutions and platforms so they can adopt in their businesses to raise the competitiveness capacity.

The newborn RTAs as TPP, RCEP (on-going negotiation) and fast development of cross border e-commerce requires the support of governments to be sustainable and inclusive. The lack of promoting polices and effective communications with governmental support organizations are challenges that need the collaboration of APEC economies to resolve in order to ensure that all economies could have benefits from this tendency. Therefore, this project will give a chance for APEC economies to have a deep look at TPP’s e-commerce Chapter through the report of its impact to APEC’s MSMEs. Besides, the workshop will discuss about supporting policies for cross-border e-commerce, and a broad understanding obstacles from private sector for their legislation revise and mapping out new directions to form a network for further collaboration in future.

Nonetheless, the proposal will also be a strong contribution to identifying opportunities and challenges for the realization of Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) and for the expansion of cross-border e-commerce will help emerging the APEC economies. 

In conclusion, the proposal will contribute to the APEC priorities to facilitate MSMEs and towards FTAAP.

Objectives

The project aims to resolve the following issues:

· To issue an evaluation report on the impact of the latest RTA in APEC (TPP’s E-commerce Chapter) particularly, on MSMEs and economic development of  APEC’s developing economies through desk research, questionnaire research and field trip to provide suggestions on how to utilize benefits of TPP in APEC in cross border e-commerce adoption;

· Enhance awareness of the business community about the benefit of cross border e-commerce, effective methods of applying e-commerce in approaching over-sea market;

· Identify the necessary collaborations among economies and between governments and governmental support organizations, public and private partnership to facilitate cross-border e-commerce and overcome the barriers such as localization restrictions for e-commerce; and

. Promoting existing mechanisms for cross-border trade that benefit MSMEs, such as the APEC Privacy Framework, the APEC Cross-Border Privacy Rules system and the APEC Privacy Recognition for Processors system.

Alignment

In the AELM Declaration of 2015, the Leaders recognized the significance of enabling the participation of “micro, small and medium enterprises, to achieving inclusive growth” and committed to “take action to facilitate such participation”. The Boracay Action Agenda to Globalize MSMEs was adopted as an effort to implement this commitment and one of action could be taken is “6.Expanding internationalization opportunities for micro and small enterprises providing goods and services through ICT and e-commerce”. This project aims to encourage the adoption of cross-border e-commerce in businesses of MSMEs. In addition, the discussion about promoting policies will help facilitating the internalization of MSMEs businesses.

This project also contributes to the implementation the APEC Iloilo Initiative: “Growing Global MSMEs for Inclusive Development and the creation of the APEC MSME Marketplace to provide opportunities for business and strengthen collaboration with public and private organizations to support MSME development”.

This project also implements the priority areas of CTI in 2016 as “advancing regional economic integration”. MSMEs Internationalization is a key of success to enhance the regional integration and to build global MSMEs.

TILF/ASF Justification

Not Applicable.

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Outputs: The main outputs of this projects are:

1)  A research report to evaluate the impact of TPP’s e-commerce chapter in APEC, in particular, on MSMEs and economic development of APEC’s developing economies; and

2) A two-day public-private Dialogue on how to adopt  cross border e-commerce to enhance MSME’s capacity for inclusive development including TPP’s e-commerce Chapter.

Other outputs including questionnaires, field trip summary and presentations from experts will be submitted for further reference as well.

Outcomes:

1) Activity 1: The report on the impact of TPP’s E-commerce Chapter with evaluation, critical points and suggestions, sharing and discussion in the private-partner dialogue as well as further recommendations from APEC economies, TPP members as well as APEC members (including non TPP members in APEC) would get valuable experience on how to exploit TPP as a good tool for international trade promotion in the region. Moreover, the government authorities of TPP members will have one reference for policy making to take the best of TPP in domestic while private sector can improve their capacities on TPP in their business strategy.

2) Activity 2: The development gap among APEC members is still one of the challenging for developing economies and thus, the two-day public dialogue will help to narrow the gap and create more facilitation for developing economies adopt cross border e-commerce for their inclusive development.

Overall, the proposal definitely contribute to APEC’s ongoing efforts to play a role facilitating an eventual FTAAP and achieving the Bogor Goals of open trade and investment.

Beneficiaries: 

1) Direct Beneficiaries: Government officials and MSMEs participating the Dialogue

The beneficiaries of this project are government officials who are in charge of international collaboration in e-commerce or whom responsibilities relating to the facilitation of e-commerce and government officials participating in RTA negotiation / implementation. This proposal will give them a chance to exchange ideas about promoting policies for cross-border commerce and utilize the benefits of TPP’s ecommerce chapter.

MSMEs participating the Dialogue will also be the beneficiary of this project. They will learn about how to join the international market via cross border e-commerce. Additionally, they will be able to discuss their problems relating to cross-border e-commerce activities with policy-makers in order to facilitate their international exports.

2)  Indirect Beneficiaries: MSMEs in general who are potential to expand business to APEC regions via cross border e-commerce.

Dissemination

The research report on TPP’s e-commerce chapter could be able to download in the website of APEC and Vietnam E-commerce and IT Agency, Ministry of Industry and Trade (electro). In order to help this report reaching more audiences, we will ask some media channel to promote the information about both of the report and workshop, such as national TV station, popular electronic newspapers and other social network channels of MOIT. 

The copies of all documents and presentations (including the research report) and other information will be sent to all of the ECSG members via email.

Gender

In today’s virtual world, all aspects of human life are increasingly becoming dependent on virtual solutions. Social consideration like gender equality has been transformed radically via the virtues of information and communication technology. Indeed, there have been many studies that pinpoint the role of ICT initiatives in women empowerment. However, the asymmetry still remains remarkably in developing economies. Therefore, the teamwork will work to ensure the equal number between male and female experts/ speakers involving in this project. 

Besides, the PO will invite female speakers as many as possible to ensure the balance of gender in the workshop. The experts who involve in TPP’s report will be almost female experts. 

Lastly, a topic about “how cross border e-commerce assist businesswoman in the Internet era” will be delivered in the public and private Dialogue”.

Work Plan

Workplan for Research Report: 

Timeline

Key Activities

Related Outputs


2017.01

ž   Set up the research team

ž   Define research components and make work schedule

ž   Set up communication and cooperation mechanism

ž   Contracts with researchers

ž   Work schedule

ž   A communications plan

2017.02-2017.03

ž   Conduct desk research

ž   Interview experts from government, academia, international organizations and private sectors to collect views and suggestions

ž   Preliminary findings

2017.04

ž   Design and distribute questionnaires

ž   Make field research plan

ž   Questionnaires

ž   Field research plan

2017.04-2017.06

ž   Collect questionnaires and analyze the data

ž   Conduct field research

ž   Agenda for two day public and private dialogue

ž   Questionnaire statistics report

ž   Field research summary

ž   Agenda

2017.07-2017.08

ž   Draft the project report

ž   Circulate invitation to ECSG

ž   Draft report

ž   Administrative circulation

2017.08

ž   share findings and collect suggestions at the two day Dialogue

ž    

ž   comments for revise

ž    

2017.09-2017.12

ž   Revise the Research report and submit

ž   Final Research report

Workplan for Public – Private Dialogue: 

Timeline

Key Activities

Related Outputs

2017.04

ž   Develop draft agenda and circulate to ECSG for comment and input

ž   Tentative agenda

2017.04-2017.06

ž    Final Agenda

ž   Identify speakers and vet with ECSG

ž   Agenda

ž   List of speakers

2017.07

ž   Circulate invitation and encourage ‘travel eligible economies’ to take advantage of funding to send data privacy officials

ž   Organize administrative aspects and workshop logistics  

ž   Administrative Circular to ECSG

2017.08

ž   Conduct two-day Public and Private Dialogue in Hochiminh, Viet Nam

ž   Dialogue

2017.09-2017.12

ž   Completion Report and Submission

ž   Completion report

Risks

Risk 1: Lack of coordination in the parties related with this project, including questionnaire responses, experts, interviewees.

Risk Management: Make work schedule detailed and set up a communication plan. PO and project executors will actively keep in touch with relevant parties.

Risk 2: The insurance of participation of participants

Risk Management: The letter of invitation will be sent one month and a half (beginning of July) before the event so the participants will have enough time to manage their schedules.

Risk 3: Difficulties to connect participants in short time

Risk Management: Arrange a reasonable specific amount of time in the workshop for participant to network.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Effective and efficient communication and cooperation mechanism will be set up to maintain regular communications between the Project Overseer and researchers, to ensure the project's key activities and deliverables are completed on schedule, including:

-  50 – 70 participants to attend the Dialogue;

- 12-15 economies to attend the Dialogue;

- Questionaire responses from 12-15 economies

- Desk research for 21 economies;

- In- persion discussion with 6 economies including: the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore and Malaysia

- Gender balance between male and female: 60-40

Experts from stakeholders will be invited to provide suggestions on the research. The draft report will be sent to selected experts for comments as well. Besides, the draft report will be sent to ECSG for review before finalization and publication.

Linkages

Project team will actively use the outcomes of the previous APEC and non-APEC activities to avoid any duplication. The project will seek ways of cooperation and create synergy with other ongoing APEC initiatives in similar area to maximize the proposal’s benefits. The project experts also will interact with other related projects executors to use their experience.

- For the agenda of the two day public-private dialogue, we will work close with Korea who is implementing the project “Facilitating SME’s participation in global markets through e-commerce” to have an inclusive agenda.

- Project team will contact and learn from the outcomes of TPP workshop by Japan which will be held in 2017. It would be a good reference for project team to make the report more considerable.

 The output of the whole project including research report and Dialogue can be useful documents for related institutes and univertisties as well as non-profit organizations.

Noting that trade and investment liberalization and facilitation as well as globalize MSMEs have been key priorities of APEC, thus, APEC is the best source of funds for this project.

Sustainability

The research report will be useful refence for TPP’s members on TPP’s benefits and map out the roadmap to untilize TPP’s E-commerce Chaper. Moreover, the research report also have positive impaction on TPP’s non members in APEC to consider about the TPP participation and have an overview on TPP’s E-commerce Chapter for APEC’s development in general. The Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam will build –up the workplan to assist e-commerce enterprises to maximize TPP’s benefits in e-commerce upon the output of the research. 

The Public and Private Dialogue creates a good chance for sharing concerns on cross border e-commerce adoption with the aim to discussing about the solutions to overcome challenging. The output of the Dialogue may contribute to Digital Prosperity Check list of APEC. Moreover, the outputs of the workshop can be referenced during  the adoption of cross border e-commerce for participating economies.

Project Overseers

Ms. Bui Thi Thanh Hang serves as Vice Head of International Affairs Division, Vietnam E-Commerce and Information Technology Agency, Ministry of Industry and Trade. She had previously served as Vice Director of E-Commerce Development Center, and also was a member of Vietnam negotiation team in the area of e-commerce. Her work currently involves in carry out the international cooperation activities serving the e-commerce development and application in trade and industry sector; setup and carry out programs and projects on e-commerce and information technology funded by foreign countries and international organizations. 

Ms. Hang received her M.S. degree and her B.S. in Economics in La Trobe University and International Business from Foreign Trade University.

Cost Efficiency

Not Applicable.

Drawdown Timetable

Not Applicable.

Direct Labour

Position

General Duties

Working Hours

Research Team

One main Researcher

Responsible for

- main research work

- specific case studies   

- final research report

60 days

Two case study

researchers

Specific case studies together with the main researcher

(depends on specific trip)

15 days each

Honorarium

12 Speakers

Theme speeches on the Dialogue

2 day Dialogue

Short-term

Clerical Work

Two Persons

Provide short-term clerical and partly administrative support for Dialogue

50 days each

Event Organizer

Two persons

Provide logical arrangement support during two day Dialogue

4 days each

Waivers

Not Applicable.

Are there any supporting document attached?

No 
Attachments
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Version HistoryVersion History

Project No.

Project Title

Project Status

Publication (if any)

Fund Account

Sub-fund

Project Year

Project Session

APEC Funding

Co-funding Amount

Total Project Value

Sponsoring Forum

Topics

Committee

Other Fora Involved

Other Non-APEC Stakeholders Involved

Proposing Economy(ies)

Co-Sponsoring Economies

Expected Start Date

Expected Completion Date

Project Proponent Name 1

Job Title 1

Organization 1

Postal Address 1

Telephone 1

Fax 1

Email 1

Project Proponent Name 2

Job Title 2

Organization 2

Postal Address 2

Telephone 2

Fax 2

Email 2

Declaration

Project Summary

Relevance

Objectives

Alignment

TILF/ASF Justification

Beneficiaries and Outputs

Dissemination

Gender

Work Plan

Risks

Monitoring and Evaluation

Linkages

Sustainability

Project Overseers

Cost Efficiency

Drawdown Timetable

Direct Labour

Waivers

Are there any supporting document attached?

hdFldAdmin

Project Number

Previous Fora

Secretariat Comments

Reprogramming Notes

Consolidated QAF

Endorsement By Fora

PD Sign Off

Batch

Forum Priority

Committee Ranking Category

Committee Priority

PDM Priority

Priority Within Funding Category

Monitoring Report Received

Completion Report Received

PMU Field 1

PMU Field 2

PMU Field 3

On Behalf Of

Proposal Status

Originating Sub-Forum

Approval Status
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