Outputs: Two reports will be published as the outputs of this project: the Feasibility Study, and the Policy Review, which includes Recommendations towards effective implementation of LCT development in the APEC region.
In previous phases of this project, different sectors were addressed, including central business districts (CBD), rural resort area, mixed-use urban districts, residential areas and industrial areas. LCMT Phase 7 will address a low-carbon development plan in inland region with high demand for heating and cooling system, which was not fully covered by the previous phases.
Phase 1: Central Business Districts (CBD), The Yujiapu Central Business District Development Project in Tianjin, China, prioritizing green field development.
· The Concept: although it was intended to be comprehensive, the content was mainly on green field development such as Yujiapu CBD.
· The Feasibility Study was in Yujiapu CBD and focused on how to control the huge energy demand in a megalopolis. It is also discussed how to cope with black-outs and crimes in order to attract overseas investment in the new financial district.
· The Policy Review produced 32 recommendations over several energy and low-carbon related sectors.
Phase 2: Rural Resort Area Development, Samui Island in Thailand.
· The Concept was refined based upon the experience in Samui Island and other island or resort areas. The revision included: low-carbon land use, reduction of heat burden for buildings, and applying regulations for transportation, Examples of CO2 reduction in Japan, Electric vehicle, Area Energy Network, co-generation(CHP), use of untapped energy, Smart energy system were also included.
· The Feasibility Study, was for Samui Island and recommended utilising renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic, wind, small hydro, biomass, etc. “Eco-Lifestyle” was also proposed to visitors in this low-carbon island resort.
· The Policy Review enabled in-depth discussion between the Review Team and Stakeholders of the case town. As a result, more than 80 recommendations were proposed.
Phase 3: Redeveloping mixed-use urban districts, Da Nang, Viet Nam.
· The Concept was further refined based upon the experience in Da Nang and other redevelopment projects of existing towns. The revisions included mechanism to monitor the progress toward the target of CO2 emission reduction, Greenery, Water treatment, Use of alternative fuel vehicles and eco-driving.
· The Feasibility Study, various low-carbon measures were proposed like in Phase 1 and Phase 2. In addition, an action plan and a roadmap were drafted in order to realise those measures, in which the role of each relevant organisations was to be clarified
· The Policy Review provided 75 policy recommendations. The Review Team prioritised recommendations into short-term issues, mid-term issues and long term issues in order to help policy makers and officials implement policy measures.
Phase 4: Residential areas, San Borja Municipality, Lima, Peru.
· The Concept was further refined to include solid waste management based upon the experience in San Borja and LCT in developed economies and Preliminary Study Results of LCT Indicator System to evaluate the quality and progress of each LCT project.
· The Feasibility Study provided a high-level vision for making San Borja’s low-carbon development a model of low-carbon design in its sub-region including specific target for GHG emissions reduction.
· The Policy Review is currently being finalised.
Phase 5: Industrial areas, Bitung City, Indonesia.
· The Concept was further refined to include any topics arising from the characteristics of the industrial area. Study Group A visited Adelaide and Melbourne in Australia, Auckland and Palmerston North in New Zealand as well as Santiago in Chile to investigate the low-carbon measures in southern hemisphere.At the same time, the LCT-I System was drafted as a part of the Concept, based upon preliminary study results and trial evaluations by selected economies.
· The Feasibility Study in Bitung City addressed adopting low-carbon development in industrial towns.
· The Policy Review will address the characteristics of Bitung City as an industrial town.
Phase 6: A low-carbon development plan in cooperation with neighbouring cities, Mandaue City, the Philippines.
· The Concept will be refined to be the final edition. For this purpose, Study Group A visited Yongin City and Jincheon-gun in Korea, Krasnoyarsk City in Russia to look at energy use in cold weather regions and visited Yokohama City and Kashiwa City to learn frontier low-carbon technologies for incorporation into the sixth (final) edition of the Concept. The meeting of Study Group A experts and LCMT TF members was held in Tokyo to finalise the first edition of the LCT-I System. As the liaison status in the Working Group 2 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was approved in February 2015, the project has been sending the representative under the guidance of EWG to exchange information and incorporate the LCT-I System into ISO standards.
· The Feasibility Study in Phase 6 will address low-carbon development in cooperation with surrounding cities.
· The Policy Review in Phase 6 will provide policy recommendations for low-carbon development in Mandaue City, the Philippines.
Phase 7: A low-carbon development plan in inland region with high demand for heating and cooling system.
It will be selected based on the prior experiences in previous phases.
· LCMT Symposium will be held for the capacity building of APEC developing economies and dissemination of LCT through utilising the Concept and the LCT-I System. The application results of LCT-I System will be collected and reviewed in the LCMT Symposium as a reference of the users of the LCT-I System. Information exchange with ISO will be continued.
· The Feasibility Study in Phase 7 will address low-carbon development in inland region with high demand for heating and cooling system. High-level vision of the case town, CO2 emissions reduction target, low-carbon measures, etc. will be provided through the Feasibility Study report.
· The Policy Review in Phase 7 will provide policy recommendations for low-carbon development in the target areas. Recommendations in legal framework, sustainable urban planning, low-carbon buildings, area energy management systems, energy efficiency, renewable energy and untapped energy planning, transport, environmental planning will be included in the Policy Review report.
Outcomes: The reports of the Feasibility Study and the Policy Review are useful for the case town of Phase 7 in improving and elaborating its LCT development plan and supporting policy measures. The developers and the policy planners for the LCT project in Phase 7 are required to revise their plans and policies to upgrade the quality of their LCT project.
These reports are also useful for case towns/cities and other APEC member economies, as they encourage low-carbon communities. Through sharing best practices and recommendations in various case towns/cities studied in the project, the economies interested can see appropriate pathways towards becoming low-carbon communities.
In addition, the LCT-I System could be a guideline to create LCT and properly evaluate existing ones. In the LCMT Phase 4, the preliminary study results of the LCT-I System was introduced as a part of the refinement of the Concept and was reconsidered in Phase 5. The first edition of LCT-I System was released in Phase 6 after trial evaluations in previous case towns. The LCMT project expects to incorporate the elements of the LCT-I System into the internationally accredited standards of ISO. The wide spread use of the LCT-I System will accelerate the shift to the development of LCT and its standardisation will help increase the number of proper LCT.
Just like as the previous phases, the progress and the result of LCMT Project will be reported to the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technology (EGNRET) for seeking input from experts and disseminate the information.
Beneficiaries: The most obvious beneficiaries of the Phase 7 of LCMT Project will be the local government officials and the planners of the low-carbon development project, who will gain valuable advice on how to design an attractive and innovative low-carbon development project. The Feasibility Study could provide specific guidance on the selection of mitigation measures in building, electricity supply, transport sector, etc. based on the analysis that will be provided of CO2 reductions and investment costs for each of the measures. The Feasibility Study can also be used as a checklist for what needs to be done in each phase of the project, including planning, design, construction and operation. Local governments can use this same information to track the implementation of the LCT development project. The project outputs will be beneficial not only for local government officials, but also for the central government officials in promoting LCT development elsewhere in the host economy.
This project also provides guidance to anyone who may be involved in the design of urban development projects, including government officials and planners throughout the APEC region. Planners and officials will benefit both from the Concept as a guidebook for low-carbon development and from the example of the LCT development including the results of the Feasibility Study and the policy recommendations made through the Policy Review. The LCT-I System can be used to monitor the progress in the implementation of possible low-carbon measures. All the findings and outcome of the project will be shared at the LCMT TF meetings and through the website, which allows government officials and other relevant stakeholders to know appropriate measures toward LCT development.
In general, beneficiaries are central/local government officials responsible for LCT policies as well as municipality officials and/or city planners who are directly responsible for LCT development in APEC region. They could be directly engaged by participating in the LCMT Symposium and Study Group B. Developing LCT relates closely to the way the life of the town will be in the future and therefore citizens living and working in the town are also stakeholders. They will be indirectly engaged when public assessment is conducted for the low-carbon development plan of their towns.
The case town of Feasibility Study and Policy Review in Phase 7 has not been decided as the nomination will start after the project approval. The PO will organise the 1st LCMT Symposium in Jakarta in consultation with the Indonesian government.